One of the oldest TV show types, and the granddaddy of RealityTV; individuals or teams compete for cash and prizes. Descended from radio quiz shows (which are also covered here), they have [[PopularityPolynomial fluctuated in popularity]] since their debut in the 1920s.

Game shows were enormously popular in America during the 1950s when TV became a progressively more viable purchase, until several of the most popular ones [[note]]''Series/TwentyOne'' (the most infamous), ''Series/TicTacDough'' (~75% of the nighttime run), ''The $64,000 Question'' (some contestants were set up to win or lose depending on whether the head of sponsor Revlon liked them), ''The $64,000 Challenge'' ('''children!'''), and ''Series/{{Dotto}}'' (the smoking gun)[[/note]] turned out to be [[ExecutiveMeddling rigged]] in some manner to influence the outcome and manufacture drama.

Mind you, the problem with the rigging wasn't that anyone had done anything illegal (as it wasn't actually a crime back then), but rather that most tried to cover up what they did during the investigations that took place from 1958-60. Nobody went to jail over the rigging, but rather for committing perjury. As a result, a law was passed in 1960 that made it illegal to run a game show that deceives the public into thinking it's a fair contest.

The fallout from the scandals resulted in many low-stakes games, with big-ticket ones (especially quizzes) generally falling out of favor until 1973 and ''[[Series/{{Pyramid}} The $10,000 Pyramid]]''. The 1970s-80s brought flashy sets and EarWorm music, with 1975, 1985, and 1987 being particularly good years for the genre.

The British had an identical scandal in 1958 (''Twenty One'' on Granada) and this resulted in a limit of 1,000 on cash prizes until the mid-1990s; more frequently the top prize would be a car or in one case a speedboat.

The 1990s brought with it a sense that ideas were running out, as networks and cable stations dropped games left and right (the last Big Three victim being ''Series/CaesarsChallenge'' in January 1994). Only ''Series/ThePriceIsRight'', ''Series/WheelOfFortune'', and ''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' remained through the entire decade, with a few other games briefly popping up here and there. Creator/{{GSN}} began in December 1994, giving fans a constant home for classic games (although it eventually went into NetworkDecay).

In 1998, ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'' gave the genre a shot in the arm and brought a new age of FollowTheLeader [[WhoWantsToBeWhoWantsToBeAMillionaire games]] that use the editing room to manufacture drama legally.

For the celebrity-oriented variant, see PanelGame. See also GameShowTropes.
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!!Examples:
[[index]]
* ''Series/OneVersusAHundred''
* ''The $1.98 Beauty Show''
* ''3rd Degree''
* ''3's A Crowd''
** ''3's A Crowd'' (1979-80)
** ''All-New 3's A Crowd'' (1999-2000)
* ''20 Questions''
* ''[[Series/ThirtyOneQuestions 31 Questions]]''
* ''[[Series/FiftyGrandSlam 50 Grand Slam]]''
* ''100 Grand''
* ''Series/OneHundredAndOneWaysToLeaveAGameShow''
* ''500 Questions'' (produced by Creator/MarkBurnett and scheduled to air on Creator/{{ABC}} in May 2015)
* ''[[Series/OneThousandHeartbeats 1000 Heartbeats]]''
* ''The $64,000 Question''
** ''The $64,000 Question'' (1955-58)
** ''The $64,000 Challenge'' (1956-58; spinoff)
** ''The $128,000 Question'' (1976-78)
* ''[[Series/TheOneMillionChanceOfALifetime The $1,000,000 Chance of a Lifetime]]''
* ''All About The Opposite Sex''
* ''Series/AllStarBlitz''
* ''All-Star Secrets''
* ''Series/{{Amazing}}''
* ''American Gladiators''
** ''Series/AmericanGladiators'' (1989-96, 2008)
** ''Gladiators 2000'' (1994-96; children's version)
** ''Series/{{Gladiators}}'' (1992-2000, 2008-09; British version)
* ''Series/AreYouSmarterThanAFifthGrader''
* ''Radio/AskMeAnother''
* ''Series/AvantiUnAltro''
* ''Bank On The Stars''
* ''Series/BargainHunters''
* ''Series/BattleForMoneySentouchuu''
* ''Series/{{Battlestars}}''
* ''Series/BeatTheClock''
* ''Series/BeatTheGeeks''
* ''Beat The Odds''
* ''Series/BetOnYourBaby''
* ''Series/TheBetterSex''
* ''The Big Payoff''
* ''Series/TheBigShowdown''
* ''The Big Surprise''
* ''Bingo At Home''
* ''Series/{{Blackout}}''
* ''Series/BlankCheck''
* ''Blankety Blanks'' (1975 Bob Stewart game, not the 1977-78 Australian ''Match Game'')
* ''Series/BlastLab''
* ''Series/{{Blockbusters}}''
* ''Body Language''
** ''Series/{{Showoffs}}'' (1975)
** ''Series/BodyLanguage'' (1984-86)
* ''Series/BowlingForDollars''
* ''Series/BrainSurge''
* ''Series/{{Break the Bank|1945}}'' (1945-57; Wolf Productions series)
* ''Series/{{Break the Bank|1976}}'' (1976-77; Barry-Enright series)
* ''Series/{{Break the Bank|1985}}'' (1985-86; Kline & Friends series)
* ''[[Series/HotStreak Bruce Forsyth's Hot Streak]]''
* ''Series/{{Bullseye|US}}'' (American version)
* ''Series/{{Bullseye|UK}}'' (British version)
* ''Series/BumperStumpers''
* ''Series/ByTheNumbers''
* ''Bzzz!''
* ''Series/CaesarsChallenge''
* ''Call My Bluff''
* ''Series/{{Camouflage|1961}}'' (1961-62, 1980; hidden-picture game)
* ''Camouflage'' (2007; hidden-word game)
* ''Series/CardSharks''
* ''Series/CashCab''
* ''Series/CatchPhrase''
* ''Series/CBSTelevisionQuiz''
* ''The Celebrity Game''
* ''Series/CelebrityNameGame''
* ''Celebrity Sweepstakes''
* ''Series/ChainReaction''
* ''ChallengesOfFire''
* ''Series/TheChair''
* ''Series/TheChamber''
* ''[[Series/ChaseGameShow Cha$e]]''
* ''Series/TheChase''
* ''Series/TheCheapShow''
* ''Series/ChildsPlay''
* ''Choose Up Sides''
* ''Series/{{Click}}''
* ''Series/{{Concentration}}''
* ''Series/CouchPotatoes''
* ''Series/{{Countdown}}''
* ''Series/CrashCourse''
* ''Series/TheCrossWits''
* ''Series/TheCube''
* ''Series/DasshutsuGameDERO''
* ''Series/TheDatingGame''
* ''Dealer's Choice''
* ''Series/DealOrNoDeal''
* ''Series/{{Debt}}''
* ''Series/{{Definition}}''
* ''[[{{Dendy}} Dendy: The New Reality]]''
* ''The Diamond Head Game''
* ''Dirty Rotten Cheater''
* ''Series/{{Distraction}}''
* ''Series/DogEatDog''
* ''Series/DontForgetTheLyrics''
* ''Series/DontScareTheHare''
* ''Series/{{Dotto}}''
* ''Series/{{Double Dare|1976}}'' (1976-77; CBS quizzer with Alex Trebek)
* ''Series/{{Double Dare|1986}}'' (1986-93, 2000; Nickelodeon children's game show)
* ''Dough-Re-Mi''
* ''Series/{{Downfall}}''
* ''Down You Go''
* ''Dream Girl of '67''
* ''Series/DreamHouse''
* ''Series/{{Duel}}''
* ''Series/EstateOfPanic''
* ''Everybody's Talking!''
* ''Series/{{Exit}}''
* ''Series/EyeGuess''
* ''The Face Is Familiar''
* ''Series/FaceTheMusic''
* ''Series/FamiliesAtWar''
* ''Family Feud''
** ''Series/FamilyFeud'' (American version)
** ''Series/FamilyFortunes'' (UK version)
* ''Family Challenge''
* ''The Family Game''
* ''Series/FamilyGameNight''
* ''Series/{{Fantasy}}''
* ''Series/FearFactor''
* ''WesternAnimation/FetchWithRuffRuffman''
* ''Series/FifteenToOne''
* ''Series/FigureItOut''
* ''Series/FindersKeepers''
* ''Series/FortBoyard''
* ''Series/FullMetalJousting''
* ''Series/FunHouse''
* ''Funny You Should Ask!!''
* ''Series/{{Gambit}}'' (aka ''Catch 21'')
* ''The Game Game''
* ''Series/GamesMaster''
* ''Series/GameshowMarathon''
* ''Series/GameShowMomentsGoneBananas''
* [[/index]] GameShowNetworkOriginals [[index]]
** ''Series/AmericanBibleChallenge''
** ''Series/{{Baggage}}''
** ''Bingo America''
** ''Carnie Wilson: Unstapled''
** ''Series/{{Cram}}''
** ''Chuck Woolery: Naturally Stoned''
** ''Series/FriendOrFoe?''
** ''Hollywood Showdown''
** ''How Much Is Enough?''
** ''Series/{{Inquizition}}''
** ''Series/LateNightLiars''
** ''LoversLounge''
** ''National Lampoon's Funny Money''
** ''Series/RussianRoulette''
** ''Sunday Night In Black & White''
*** ''Sunday Night In Black & White'' (1997-2001)
*** ''Black And White Overnite'' (2001-06)
** ''ThatsTheQuestion''
** ''Throut And Neck''
** ''Series/WinTuition''
* ''Get The Message''
* ''Series/GetThePicture''
* ''Series/GiveNTake''
* ''Series/{{Go}}''
* ''Series/GoingForGold''
* ''Series/GoldenBalls''
* ''Series/TheGoldenShot''
* ''The Gong Show''
** ''Series/TheGongShow'' (1976-80, 1988-89)
** ''Extreme Gong'' (1998-99)
** ''The Gong Show with Dave Attell'' (2008)
* ''Series/ElGranJuegoDeLaOca'' (from Spain, translated to ''The Great Game of the Goose'')
* ''Series/{{Greed}}''
* ''Headline Chasers''
* ''Series/HeadsOrTails''
* ''High Low''
* ''Series/HighRollers''
* ''History IQ''
* ''Series/HitMan''
* ''Hold Everything!''
* ''Hole In The Wall''
* ''Hollywood Connection''
* ''Series/HollywoodGameNight''
* ''Series/TheHollywoodSquares''
* ''Hollywood's Talking''
* ''The Honeymoon Race''
* ''Series/HotPotato''
* ''Hot Seat''
* ''How Do You Like Your Eggs?''
* ''How's Your Mother-In-Law?''
* ''Series/ImTelling''
* ''InsideTheBox''
* ''Series/{{Interceptor}}''
* ''I'll Bet''
** ''I'll Bet'' (1964-65; originally aired on KTLA, became national in '65)
** ''It's Your Bet'' (1969-73)
* ''It's Anybody's Guess''
* ''It's News To Me''
* ''It's Your Chance Of A Lifetime''
* ''Series/ItsWorthWhat''
* ''It Takes Two''
* ''Series/IveGotASecret''
* ''Series/{{Jackpot}}!''
* ''Series/{{Jeopardy}}''
* ''Series/TheJokersWild''
* ''Judge For Yourself''
* ''Just Men!''
* ''Series/{{Knightmare}}''
* ''Knockout''
* ''Series/TheKryptonFactor''
* ''The Last Word''
* ''Series/LegendsOfTheHiddenTemple''
* ''Series/LetsAskAmerica''
* ''Let's Go Back''
* ''Series/LetsMakeADeal''
* ''Liars Club''
* ''Series/{{Lingo}}''
* Lottery games:
** ''Series/TheBigSpin''
** ''Series/CashExplosion''
** ''Flamingo Fortune''
** ''Series/MakeMeAMillionaire''
** ''Series/MakeMeFamousMakeMeRich''
** ''Make Me Rich''
* ''Series/LoveConnection''
* ''The Love Experts''
* ''Series/TheMagnificentMarbleMachine''
* ''Make The Connection''
* ''Series/MakeTheGrade''
* ''Series/{{Mastermind}}''
* ''Match Game''
** ''Series/MatchGame'' (American version)
** ''Blankety Blanks'' (Australian version)
** ''Series/BlanketyBlank'' (British version)
* ''Series/TheMatchGameHollywoodSquaresHour''
* ''Series/MervGriffinsCrosswords''
* ''Series/MillionDollarMindGame''
* ''Series/MillionSecondQuiz''
* ''Series/{{Mindreaders}}''
* ''Series/MinuteToWinIt''
* ''Series/MissingLinks''
* ''The Money Drop''
** ''Series/TheMillionPoundDrop'' (British version)
** ''MillionDollarMoneyDrop'' (American version)
** ''The Money Drop'' (Italian version)
* ''The Money Maze''
* ''Series/{{Monopoly}}''
* ''The Movie Game''
* ''Mr. & Mrs.''
* ''Musical Chairs'' (1955; panel game with Bill Leyden and Gene Rayburn)
* ''Series/{{Musical Chairs|1975}}'' (1975; finish-the-song game with Adam Wade)
* ''Series/TheNamesTheSame''
* ''Series/NameThatTune''
* ''Series/NationalBingoNight''
* ''Series/TheNewlywedGame''
* ''Series/NickArcade''
* ''Series/NickelodeonGuts''
* ''Series/NinjaWarrior''
* ''Series/NowYouSeeIt''
* ''WebOriginal/NoxcrewGameshow''
* ''Series/NumberPlease''
* ''Series/OhSit''
* ''Series/OnlyConnect''
* ''Series/OurLittleGenius''
* ''Series/PanelQuizAttack25''
* ''Series/{{Paranoia}}''
* ''Series/{{Parlamentet}}''
* ''Pass The Buck''
* ''Series/{{Password}}''
* ''Pay Cards!''
** ''Pay Cards!'' (1968-69, 1971-74)
** ''Series/SuperPayCards!'' (1981-82)
* ''Series/PeerPressure''
* ''Penny To A Million''
* ''Personality''
* PhoneInGameShows:
** ''Glitterball''
** ''Midnight Money Madness''
** ''The Mint''
** ''Quiz Call''
** ''[=QuizMania=]''
** ''Quiz TV''
** ''[=PlayMania=]''
* ''Pictionary'' (1989; Barry-Enright game played by children)
* ''Pictionary'' (1997-98; all-celeb game)
* ''{{Pictureka}}!''
* ''Series/{{Pitfall}}''
* ''PlayThePercentages''
* ''Play Your Hunch''
* ''WebOriginal/ThePokemonGameShow''
* ''Series/{{Pointless}}''
* ''Power Of 10''
* ''Press Your Luck''
** ''Series/SecondChance'' (1977)
** ''Series/PressYourLuck'' (1983-86)
** ''Series/{{Whammy}}!'' (2002-03)
* ''Series/ThePriceIsRight''
* ''Professor Yes 'n' No''
* ''Series/{{Pyramid}}''
* ''Series/QueenForADay''
* ''Quick As A Flash!''
* ''RedOrBlack''
* ''The Reel Game''
* ''The Reel-To-Reel Picture Show''
* ''Relatively Speaking''
* ''ReleaseTheHounds''
* ''Series/RemoteControl''
* ''RhymeAndReason''
* ''Rodeo Drive''
* ''Ruckus''
* ''Rumor Has It''
* ''Series/RunForMoneyTousouchuu''
* ''Sale Of The Century''
** ''Series/SaleOfTheCentury'' (1969-74, 1983-89)
** ''Series/{{Temptation|2007}}'' (2007-08)
* ''Satellite Bingo''
* ''Series/SayWhen''
* ''Series/{{Scattergories}}''
* ''Series/SchlagDenRaab''
** ''Schlag den Star''
* ''Series/{{Scrabble}}''
* ''Series/SetForLife''
* ''Sex Wars''
* ''Shenanigans''
* ''Shoot For The Stars''
** ''Shoot For The Stars'' (1977)
** ''Double Talk'' (1986)
* ''Series/ShoppersCasino''
* ''Series/ShoppingSpree''
* ''Series/ShopTilYouDrop''
* ''Show Me''
* ''Show Me the Money''
* ''Series/SilentLibrary''
* ''Series/TheSingingBee''
* ''Series/SingledOut''
* ''Series/{{Skedaddle}}''
* ''Slime Time''
* ''Snap Judgment''
* ''Spin-Off''
* ''Split Personality''
* ''Series/SplitSecond''
* ''Sqrambled Scuares''
* ''Series/{{Starcade}}''
* ''Stop The Music''
* ''Series/StreetSmarts''
* ''StrikeItLucky''
* ''Strip Poker''
* ''Studs''
* ''Stump The Schwab''
* ''Super Bingo''
* ''Series/SupermarketSweep''
* ''Series/TakeMeOut''
* ''Series/TakeshisCastle''
* ''Series/TakeItAll''
* ''Series/TakeTheMoneyAndRun''
* ''[[{{Talkabout}} Talk About]]''
* ''Tattletales''
** ''HeSaidSheSaid'' (1969-70)
** ''Series/{{Tattletales}}'' (1974-78, 1982-84)
* ''Temptation'' (1967-68 game by Heatter-Quigley)
* ''Series/ThatPuppetGameShow''
* ''Series/ThinkFast''
* ''ThreeOnAMatch''
* ''Series/TicTacDough''
* ''Series/TimeMachine''
* ''Series/TopShot''
* ''ToSayTheLeast''
* ''Series/TotalBlackout''
* ''Series/ToTellTheTruth''
* ''Series/{{Trashed}}''
* ''[[Series/TreasureHuntUS (The New) Treasure Hunt]]'' (American version; 1956-59, 1973-77, 1981-82)
* ''Series/{{Treasure Hunt|UK}}'' (British version; 1982-89, 2002-03)
* ''Series/TreasureMall''
* ''Series/TriviaTrap''
* ''Trivial Pursuit''
** ''Trivial Pursuit: The Interactive Game'' (1993)
** ''ESPN Trivial Pursuit'' (2004; five-episode "pilot week")
** ''Trivial Pursuit: America Plays'' (2008-09)
* ''Trump Card''
* ''Series/TrustMeImAGameShowHost''
* ''Series/TruthOrConsequences''
* ''Series/TwentyOne''
* ''Two For The Money''
* ''Two-Minute Drill''
* ''Series/UhOh''
* ''Series/UnbeatableBanzuke''
* ''Series/UnDosTres''
* ''Series/UniversityChallenge''
* ''Series/VideoAndArcadeTop10''
* ''The Video Game''
* ''WesternAnimation/VideoPower''
* ''Video Village''
** ''Video Village'' (1960-62)
** ''Video Village Jr.'' (1961-62)
** ''Shenanigans (1964-65)''
* ''Wait 'Til You Have Kids!''
** ''The Parent Game'' (1972-73)
** ''Series/WaitTilYouHaveKids'' (1996-97)
* ''Radio/WaitWaitDontTellMe''
* ''Series/TheWeakestLink''
* ''Wha'dya Know?''
* ''What's Going On?''
* ''Series/WhatsMyLine''
* ''Wheel Of Fortune'' (1952-53; Peter Arnell series)
* ''Series/WheelOfFortune'' (1975-; Merv Griffin series)
* ''Where In The World Is Carmen Sandiego?''
** ''Series/WhereInTheWorldIsCarmenSandiego'' (1991-95)
** ''Series/WhereInTimeIsCarmenSandiego'' (1996-98)
* ''Series/{{Whew}}''
* ''Series/WhodunnitUK''
* ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire''
* ''The Who, What, or Where Game''
** ''The Who, What, or Where Game'' (1969-74)
** ''Series/TheChallengers'' (1990-91)
* ''Series/WhosStillStanding''
* ''Series/WildAndCrazyKids''
* ''Series/WinBenSteinsMoney''
* ''Series/WinLoseOrDraw''
* ''Series/WinnerTakeAll''
* ''Series/WinningLines''
* ''Series/WinningStreak''
* ''[[Series/{{Wipeout 1988}} Wipeout]]'' (1988-89; Syndicated quizzer with Peter Tomarken)
* ''[[Series/{{Wipeout 2008}} Wipeout]]'' (2008-; ABC obstacle-course show)
* ''Yahtzee''
* ''Series/YouBetYourLife''
* ''Series/YouDeserveIt''
* ''VideoGame/YouDontKnowJack''
* ''Series/YouDontSay''
* ''Series/YoureInThePicture''
* ''Yours For A Song''
* ''Zoom'' (not the PBS show)
[[/index]]
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!!Producers (arranged alphabetically by last name):
* Ralph Andrews (''You Don't Say!'', ''I'll Bet''/''It's Your Bet'', ''Liars Club'', 1969-70 ''It Takes Two'', ''Celebrity Sweepstakes'', ''50 Grand Slam'', 1987-88 ''Lingo'', ''Yahtzee'')
* Peter Arnell (1952-53 ''Wheel of Fortune'')
* Creator/ChuckBarris
* Creator/JackBarry and Dan Enright
* Creator/MarkBurnett
* Creator/StephenJCannell (''Caesars Challenge'')
* Bill Carruthers (''Give-N-Take'', ''Second Chance'', ''Press Your Luck'')
* Creator/CarseyWerner (Creator/BillCosby version of ''You Bet Your Life'')
* Creator/DesiluStudios (''By the Numbers'', ''Show Me'', ''Zoom'')
* Ralph Edwards (''Truth or Consequences'', 1970s-81 ''Name That Tune'', ''The Cross-Wits'', ''Knockout'', ''Bzzz!'')
* Creator/FremantleMedia (and its predecessors, All-American Television and Pearson Television)
* Creator/MarkGoodson and Bill Todman
* Creator/MervGriffin
* Reg Grundy (''Hot Streak'', ''Scrabble'', 1980s '' Sale of the Century'', ''Time Machine'', almost every Australian adaptation of an American game)
* Stefan Hatos and Monty Hall (''Let's Make a Deal'', ''Split Second'')
* MerrillHeatter and Bob Quigley
* Wink Martindale (''Headline Chasers'', ''Bumper Stumpers'', Family Channel's interactive games of 1993-94)
* Nick Nicholson and E. Roger Muir (''Pay Cards!'', ''Spin-Off''; also created ''The Newlywed Game'')
* Creator/AllanSherman (creator/producer of ''I've Got a Secret'', 1952-58)
* Scott Sternberg (''Let's Go Back'', ''Wheel 2000'', ''Jep!'')
* Creator/BobStewart
* Creator/TalentAssociates (1960s ''Supermarket Sweep'' and ''The Honeymoon Race'', among others)
* Creator/JayWolpert
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