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[[quoteright:275:[[Webcomic/LeagueOfSuperRedundantHeroes http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/2013_11_07_strip_286.png]]]]

->'''Tagon:''' Can we plead "that's not how we did it?"\\
'''Massey:''' Maybe you can ask for a recess while the defense runs around in a panic.
-->-- ''Webcomic/SchlockMercenary''

When one comes across a FrameUp, the usual assumption is that the victim of the frame is innocent. Sometimes, however, [[WoundedGazelleGambit this is not the case]].

Framing the Guilty Party usually takes one of four forms:

* '''Framing a Known Guilty Party:''' You know who the bad guy is, but there's not quite enough evidence to prove it, so the cops/prosecutors either create the evidence or allow someone else to create it and/or perjure themselves in order to convict them. If the Good Guys get away with it because the Bad Guy deserves it, it's PayEvilUntoEvil.

* '''Framing an Unknown Guilty Party:''' Person A frames Person B for some reason (revenge, personal antipathy, lulz, deflecting suspicion from Person A and/or his friends, etc)... and it turns out that Person B ''actually was'' the bad guy who really did commit the crime.

* '''Framing a Party known for being Guilty for something else:''' Person A commits a crime and frames Person B, but Person B is guilty of other, just as severe crimes that he or she got away with — at times, it’s exactly this guilt that makes them so easy to frame.

* '''Framing Yourself:''' The guilty party plants enough evidence to make themselves a suspect, and either does the frame-up so incompetently that it's obviously a frame-up, or later somehow exposes the "frame-up." The goal of this maneuver is that the guilty party will be put beyond suspicion, on the basis that the real culprit tried to frame someone innocent. This may lead genuine evidence incriminating the guilty party to be disregarded, on the assumption that it was also planted, or else cannot be prosecuted without violating laws against [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double_jeopardy double jeopardy.]]

Unsurprisingly, while the first form can be considered TruthInTelevision (how true it is obviously depends on how corrupt your local police force and prosecuting counsel are), the second one is almost always pure fiction, often something of a ContrivedCoincidence. If someone trying to frame themselves pulls it off, the character is typically on the way to MagnificentBastard status, although there's always the risk that if the investigators don't fall for the fake frame-up (either by [[TooDumbToFool not realizing it's a frame in the first place]], or realizing the frame was faked), [[HoistByHisOwnPetard the perp has provided evidence proving their own guilt]], in which case it's more of WhatAnIdiot.

Compare BluffingTheMurderer[=/=]EngineeredPublicConfession, in which the evidence to convict the guilty party is created by somehow tricking them into doing something revealing rather than via a frame. See also: {{Frameup}}, for implicating the innocent with false evidence. Framing Yourself can also overlap with SarcasticConfession. Someone who takes the frame at face value, and therefore suspects the guilty party, is RightForTheWrongReasons. Contrasts ThenLetMeBeEvil, the case when the framed party commit atrocities ''because'' they are framed.

WARNING! Although spoiler tags are used below, even the unspoiled mention of works could give away major developments. Proceed at your own risk!


[[AC:Framing a Known Guilty Party]]


[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In the manga ''Manga/CannonGodExaxxion'', the invading aliens launch a propaganda campaign to make the human hero seem like a monster using doctored video... which the hero's support squad then counters using doctored video of the aliens making the doctored video.
* ''Manga/CityHunter'': In the manga version of Rosemary Moon's story arc, the villain, an international terrorist, gets also framed for Rosemary's murder in order to allow her to escape from her past as a sweeper. The rationale to get Saeko's help was that the villain had committed enough crimes he would get at least life prison, so adding another crime to his record wouldn't affect the sentence (that and Ryo promised to cancel her debt).
* ''Anime/YuGiOhArcV'' combines this with PretextForWar, as [[spoiler:LDS]] (Group A) convince the general population of their home that [[spoiler:Academia]] (Group B) is invading and that they need to fund/build an army to defend themselves. While it's true that B instigated a genocide, produces sociopathic ChildSoldiers, and has already started a major war, they hadn't launched a full attack on A's home ''yet''.[[note]]By "not a full attack," we mean that B sent a small elite squadron to A's territory on a mission to grab two [[MacGuffin MacGuffins]]. While the squad willingly attacked any and all innocent bystanders they encountered, they didn't actually go to A's territory with the intention of starting another war.[[/note]]
* ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'': [[spoiler:King Bradley]] is such a [[VillainWithGoodPublicity beloved politician]] that after the good guys win the day at the end of the manga, they elect to cover up his crimes. Instead, they pin the whole thing on the only two surviving members of the Military Conspiracy. Even though [[spoiler:Bradley]] was a leading figure and these two were just pawns in the grand scheme of things.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In a variant on the theme in ''ComicBook/JusticeSocietyOfAmerica'', Wildcat reveals he once framed a man for the murder of his own family, because the man had, in retribution, killed the actual murderer and his innocent family, but there wasn't a way to get (or apparently plant) the evidence linking him to the crime of killing the other family. It's still played as being an act of MoralDissonance for Wildcat, and he pays for it with [[spoiler:all but the last of his supernatural nine lives]].
* ''ComicBook/JudgeDredd'' of all people does this. He knows the Mechanismo project is incredibly risky and has seen first-hand the danger that robot judges pose to the city. When tracking a rogue Mark I robojudge, Dredd is beaten to it by one of the new Mark II models. After the Mark II ignores Dredd's order to hold its fire, Dredd destroys the Mark II and persuades the only witness to say that the Mark I destroyed the Mark II and that Dredd destroyed the Mark I. It was noted as a rare OutOfCharacterMoment for Dredd, though his fears were later justified.
* A variant happened in ''ComicBook/{{Diabolik}}''. A rich man has ended up paralyzed and unable to do more than blink after his wife and her lover attempt to murder him. When Diabolik steals a collection of jewels from him, they meet and the man manages to ask him to euthanize and avenge him by [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome blinking in Morse code]] (Diabolik catches on to this only because he once did the same thing to give Eva a message while standing trial). Diabolik decides to do so, and, after stealing the jewels, waits for the wife and her lover to be out of the house to enter [[LatexPerfection masked as the lover]] and with Eva masked as the wife to murder him on camera, declaring they are doing it to complete the attempted murder that left him paralyzed. Then, as the wife and her lover are arrested, Altea, the fiancee of [[SympatheticInspectorAntagonist Inspector Ginko]] and a childhood friend of the deceased, finds evidence that they couldn't have done the murder, but, knowing they had attempted to kill her friend and unable to prove it, destroys the evidence.
* In the ''Series/{{Charmed}}'' ComicBookAdaptation, Phoebe and the others barely stop Cal Greene from murdering Elise (and thus averting the BadFuture from the TV episode "Morality Bites"). Since they heal Elise, they use a {{Glamour}} to recreate the attack and put it up on the Internet, thus assuring he gets arrested and his reputation is ruined.
* In ''ComicBook/{{Blacksad}}'', commissioner Smirnov not only covers for Blacksad's [[spoiler:execution of Statoc, a powerful businessman who successfully muzzled Smirnov and the police into not investigating his crimes]], he also uses the outrage of the henchmen who realized they have been set up as a reason to interrogate them about their crimes [[spoiler:making sure the public knows what Statoc did]].

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* ''Fanfic/KyonBigDamnHero'' uses a variation of this trope: after too many attempts to kidnap Sasaki from esper leader Takahashi, the SOS Brigade manages to frame the latter for the inexistent kidnapping of Kyon's sister, making evidence by [[LatexPerfection disguising themselves]] to get caught on camera.
* From ''Fanfic/AllYouNeedIsLove'':
-->'''Near's Agent:''' I can't just leave without [[[ArtifactOfDoom the notebook]]]!\\
'''L:''' Certainly you can, just say Light Yagami gave you the run around and that his soldiers were undyingly loyal. Also tell him that we just don't trust you. Near will buy that.\\
'''Near's Agent:''' Are you framing one of your employees?\\
'''L:''' It'd be framing if there was any way to convince Near that Light was not in fact Kira and somehow not giving you the run around. You don't have to tell him that Light wasn't actually here and never actually met with you.
* In ''Fanfic/ThoseWhoStandForNothingFallForAnything'', B has indeed been stalking and spying on L and Light and threatening Light. Light just sets matters up so that it becomes obvious to L by [[spoiler:drilling a hole in B's floor and into their ceiling so it looks like B has been or was planning to film them in bed together]].
* ''Fanfic/{{Fade}}'': [[spoiler:L plants fake evidence in Light's room just so he can be given an excuse to detain him]].

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The film ''Film/GuiltyAsSin'' where a lawyer discovers that her client really ''did'' commit the murder — not for gain, but simply to see if he could pull it off. And so he did, without leaving a shred of evidence behind. She uses the details of the murder that he told her to fabricate bits of evidence that ''could'' have existed (if he hadn't disposed of it), and then anonymously arranges for the prosecution to find it.
* Used to great effect in ''Film/TouchOfEvil'', where this is the main strategy of corrupt cop Hank Quinlan. "How many did you frame?" "Nobody that wasn't guilty!"
* Mentioned in ''Film/LAConfidential''. Captain Smith tells Lt. Exley that Exley won't be able to handle being a detective precisely because he wouldn't be willing to frame a suspect he knew to be guilty. After murdering a gangbanger in cold blood for kidnapping and raping a girl, Bud White actually plants a gun on him to make the execution look like self-defense.
* The 2004 remake of ''Film/TheManchurianCandidate.'' [[spoiler:ManchurianAgent Major Marko is programmed to murder the president-elect, but kills the vice president-elect and his mother instead (her son was also programmed to do as the Manchurian Global Corp. wanted, at her instigation, the idea being he would become president when his running mate was killed). Her son maneuvered them into Marko's sights so they would be killed instead and stop the plot. The FBI knew he wasn't responsible, and had to get the plotters. So they erased video of Marko coming in through security and put the footage of a presumed dead agent for Manchurian Global there instead to frame them, along with getting another employee arrested in London.]]
* ''Film/{{Insomnia}}''.
** It's Det. Dormer's past sin. In Los Angeles, he investigated a child murderer whom he was absolutely sure was the guy he was looking for, and fabricated some evidence to put him behind bars. When he arrives in Alaska, internal affairs is looking into the case and threatening to undo his life's work by creating a precedent for more of Dormer's previous cases getting overturned or re-investigated.
** A rather twisted example with Kay's actual killer in the film giving this reason for framing Kay's boyfriend for the crime (he has leverage on Dormer to cooperate with him), arguing that he beat her and "would have killed her someday anyway". [[{{Hypocrite}} Never mind that he is the one who violently beat her to death over the course of 15 minutes.]]
** It backfires when Dormer tries to plant a gun on the killer, who figures he'd do this, finds the gun and plants it on the boyfriend, then goes to the police, knowing that Dormer can't reveal what he's done.
* At the end of ''Film/BadLieutenantPortOfCallNewOrleans'', the protagonist goes into business with the drug kingpin whom he knows (but can't prove) committed the quintuple murder he's investigating, [[spoiler:tricks him into taking a hit off of a crack pipe, then plants the pipe (with the kingpin's DNA on it) at the crime scene and suggests the other cops re-search it]].
* The premise of Fritz Lang's noir classic ''Film/BeyondAReasonableDoubt'' is an innocent man framing himself for a capital crime, with the intent of proving his own innocence at the last second in order to make a dramatic case against the death penalty. Things don't quite go as planned. [[spoiler:It doesn't help that he actually did murder the woman, simply in different circumstances than the one he staged.]]
* In ''Film/SheDevil'', Ruth Patchett has a former secretary get her into her ex-husband's office after the young lady tells her that he has been stealing money from his clients. In order to get him caught, they transfer several times more money to his bank account than he was skimming off. Ruth describes in narration that she "wasn't framing Bob, just making his thievery more obvious."
* In the Mexican film ''Film/TodoElPoder'', the protagonists set a HoneyTrap to kidnap the DirtyCop who's leading the gang of robbers and kidnappers, in order to get a video confession from him; unfortunately, he dies of a heart attack before getting him to talk, so the protagonists make a fake video confession of him [[OfCorpseHesAlive using his corpse as a puppet]].
* ''Film/TheIllusionist'': [[spoiler:The crown Prince has beaten and possibly even killed women before. But the murder accusation that eventually [[DrivenToSuicide drives him to suicide]] is actually false.]] The frame-up is so good, even he believes that he did it.
* ''Film/Fracture2007'': Detective Nunally suggests they plant evidence to insure Crawford gets convicted when the case is going south. Beachum refuses, though.

* In ''The Judge and His Hangman'', Comissar Bärlach comes up with a complicated scheme for disposing of the criminal he's been trying to convict for his entire career; it's a variant on framing the guilty.
* Happens in Val [=McDermid=]'s ''A Place of Execution'', where the man being framed for murder actually hasn't killed anyone, but is a multiple child rapist. [[spoiler:In fact, not only has he not killed anyone, the girl he's hanged for murdering ''isn't even dead''. She was one of his victims, he got her pregnant, and everyone in the village old enough to be trusted with the secret came together to whisk her away to relatives, then planted her torn underwear and enough of her blood to make it look like she was dead.]]
* Moist von Lipwig in ''Discworld/GoingPostal'' frames [[spoiler:Reacher Gilt for the various murders and other crimes associated with his mismanagement on the Grand Trunk by sending a message claiming to be from the ''[[RefugeInAudacity ghosts of the dead line workers]]'']]. It should be noted that this in and of itself isn't treated as "proof" of wrongdoing; however, nobody catches Moist in the act, and the event triggers an investigation which leads to the gathering of proper evidence.
* In the ''ComicBook/XWingSeries'', a thoroughly unpleasant Imperial scientist is captured by the New Republic. She strikes a deal with them — if she tells them what she knows, she gets amnesty, a new identity, and half a million credits, and since the New Republic is the good guys, they keep the deal. She's to be set free on Coruscant with that last after swearing that she won't just head back to the Empire and resume her work, but everyone knows that's exactly what she'll do. However, she ''also'' insists on being paid in Imperial credits — and when the customs official finds them she's arrested, because carrying that much [[ForeignMoneyIsProofOfGuilt enemy currency]] is not only illegal smuggling, but sedition. She's then locked away.
* Lawrence Block's Bernie Rhodenbarr mysteries end like this ''all the time''. It helps that main character (and professional thief) Bernie has CorruptCop Ray Kirschmann as a close personal friend.
* In one of Andrew Vachss's "Cross" stories — Cross's crew discover a man plotting to abduct and sexually torture a young girl. They can't reveal their evidence, or their involvement. So they fake a letter in the pervert's name, threatening Chelsea Clinton. When the Secret Service scoop this guy up, he claims he did not send the letter — but can't explain why his cabin in the woods is filled with bondage equipment.
* ''Literature/TheRifter'': How Kahlil disposes of a conspiracy against Jath'ibaye. He has proof that Ourath is a traitor to the aristocracy, stirring up war between them and Jath'ibaye for purposes of his own; but Nivoun, the member of the aristocracy who'd be directly in charge of an investigation, is in on the conspiracy too, and he doesn't have proof of that. So he arranges to have Nivoun shot with Ourath's pistol, and Ourath plus the incriminating documents discovered on the scene. It works.
* In ''Literature/{{Pact}}'', Officer Duncan Behaim of the Toronto PD arranges for Blake Thorburn to be found in the presence of the year-old preserved corpse of a pre-teen boy in order to frame him for the boy's murder. Blake isn't guilty of that, of course — he's just a [[TheLegionsOfHell diabolist]] and [[ISeeDeadPeople Valkyrie]] there to deal with the boy's spirit.
* This is what Cersei ''thinks'' she's doing to Tyrion in his trial for murder in ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire''. She is utterly convinced of his guilt, but fears the evidence isn't strong enough, so she gets her witnesses against him to exaggerate or just flat-out lie. There's a good chance many of the witnesses are doing it of their own volition.
* In ''[[Literature/SageAdair Dry Rot]]'', Earl Mackey's men plant evidence framing Leo Lockwood, because Mackey is wrongly convinced that Lockwood killed his father.
* During the eighth and ninth ''Literature/{{Safehold}}'' books, the Inner Circle has kept an eye on a conspiracy by nobles in Sharleyan's Kingdom of Chisholm to overthrow the crown. For the most part, the Inner Circle repeats what they did in a previous similar occurrence: use their access to SurveillanceAsThePlotDemands to keep track of evidence so it can be later found by more mundane methods. In this instance, they also keep track of written messages passed between the conspirators so that, when it comes time for trial, exact replicas of that correspondence can be used as evidence even when the conspirators themselves have since burned the originals. As one character notes, they can't exactly say they know the evidence is fake because they already destroyed it, and destroying it in the first place is an admission of guilt unto itself.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* Frequently seen on ''Series/LawAndOrder'' when the prosecutors are tempted to put someone on the stand who they know (or believe) will commit perjury in order to implicate the accused.
** In one case, a woman hired a convict to kidnap her daughter just to make her ex-husband squirm. Something went wrong and the girl wound up dead, forcing the woman to cover her tracks by killing her accomplice. With everyone thinking her the real victim, she walked on the murder charge with no jail time. [=McCoy=] managed to get her on her own daughter's murder instead, by coaxing information he knew to be false out of the dead convict's mother. Since the con's mother never took the stand, it wasn't perjury.
** An interesting twist in one episode had a cop charged with a crime threaten to claim to have planted evidence in a large number of cases (thereby opening them up for appeal) unless the prosecutors let him off.
*** Two attorneys, one an old friend of Jamie Ross's and the other an old flame of Connie Rubirosa's, have also tried this by saying that their convictions would allow everyone they ever charged to appeal ("Your Honor, the lawyer who convicted me just went to jail for shooting witnesses that threatened his cases.") [=McCoy=] managed to get Ross's friend to plead guilty and not lie about misconduct by threatening to go after his wife, but Rubirosa's ex managed to bury the prosecutors in paperwork when his 100+ convictions all appealed.
** 'Double Down', a Law and Order episode, and 'Immune', a Law and Order UK episode, also do a variant of this. Both feature a criminal who gets a reduced sentence and/or immunity in exchange for information on the whereabouts of a missing man he claims is in mortal danger. When police find the missing man, he's dead, and it's clear that the criminal knew this in advance (and may have killed the guy himself). [=McCoy=] is able to lie in court to get around the guilty plea he negotiated; Steele just has to have a detective perjure himself.
* ''Series/TheWire'':
** [[TheMobBossIsScarier Virtually no one is willing to testify against members of the fearsome Barksdale drug empire]], and that goes double after vicious enforcer Bird murders a state's witness in broad daylight, despite the fact that the trial in question had already ended and even though said witness' testimony hadn't been enough to get a conviction. In order to convict Bird, Jimmy [=McNulty=] and Bunk Moreland have to put Omar Little, a KarmicThief {{Gayngster}} whose lover Brandon was tortured and murdered by Bird and Wee-Bey, on the stand as an eyewitness. Omar has extensive knowledge of Bird's crime due to his street connections, but he didn't actually see the crime happen. When it's time for the trial, everyone on both sides of the case knows Omar is lying — everyone except the jury.
--->'''Stringer Bell:''' Word on the street is Omar ain't nowhere near them rises when the shit popped. The street says the little cocksucker was over on the east side, sticking up some Ashland Avenue niggas.\\
'''Jimmy [=McNulty=]:''' That the word on the street, huh? ''[[=McNulty=] smirks]'' Trouble is, String, we ain't on the street. We're in a court of law.
** Avon uses the trope himself in season 2 to secure early parole. Wee-Bey is being harassed and bullied by Dwight Tilghman, a prison guard whose cousin Wee-Bey had confessed to murdering on Avon's orders a while back. ([[ButForMeItWasTuesday Far enough back that Avon doesn't remember it.]]) Avon and Stringer know that Tilghman runs a side business smuggling heroin into the prison. So Stringer approaches Tilghman's supplier and pays him to give Tilghman a tampered supply laced with rat poison. The bad drugs kill several inmates and put more in the infirmary. The authorities launch an investigation, aware that they'll have to offer the promise of reduced sentences to get cooperation from inmates willing to testify. Avon proceeds to come forward as an "informant" and names Tilghman as the culprit. The police then find drugs in Tilghman's car, corroborating Avon's "story" and arrest Tilghman despite his protests that the drugs were planted. Avon (through [[AmoralAttorney Maurice Levy]]) gets the prison officials to move his hearing up a year in exchange for his "testimony", a deal which they reluctantly have to agree to.
** Omar is on the other side of this trope in Season 4. After Omar robs ruthless drug kingpin Marlo Stanfield, Marlo responds by having Chris Partlow, his chief assassin, and Old Face Andre, a store owner whose store is a front for Marlo, frame Omar for shooting and killing a deliverywoman at Andre's corner store. Marlo's scheme has a bit of a variation in that he doesn't intend for Omar to get convicted, just for Omar to be thrown in jail to await trial with dozens of criminals that he's robbed over the years, and who naturally want revenge on Omar. If that isn't enough to get Omar killed, Marlo sweetens the deal by offering a large bounty on Omar's head. Even the cops who know/have worked with Omar in the past are reluctant to help him, because they know perfectly well that he's gotten away with a multitude of crimes, which includes murder. Only Omar's reputation for [[NeverHurtAnInnocent refusing to harm innocents]] and Omar pointing out that if he goes down for this crime, then the real killer will get away with it prods Bunk into investigating further and finding evidence that Omar was framed.
* Sam does this on at least two occasions in ''Series/{{Life On Mars|2006}}'' to prevent future crimes, and in both cases, his initial sense of rightness is subverted when in a ProphecyTwist, the events of the future end up happening because of his actions. However, if Gene Hunt tries this, Sam argues that it's highly unethical. Of course, on at least one occasion, Hunt — who is taking the ByTheBookCop role for a change — notes the blatant hypocrisy at work.
* ''Series/TheMeetingPlaceCannotBeChanged'': Zheglov frames known thief Brick to get valuable information from him.
* Alex does this in ''Series/AshesToAshes'' again to prevent a future crime. Ray also does this and unlike ''Series/{{Life On Mars|2006}}'' no one criticizes it, but then this time they'd actually caught the guy red handed.
* An odd partial example occurs in the made-for-TV ''A Slight Case of Murder''. Partial because the detective a) [[spoiler:is concerned, not with justice, but with revenge for an unrelated slight]] and b) [[spoiler:is wrong about it being murder -- Terry's first killing was accidental]].
* Sort of happened in the ''Series/{{Monk}}'' episode "Mr. Monk and the Genius," as Patrick Kloster has practically admitted to killing his own wife, and the alleged poison matched that which could be extracted from oleander flowers in Patrick's garden. Unable to find adequate evidence and driven to his wits' end, Monk steals some of the flowers, extracts the poison, breaks into Patrick's house to leave it in plain sight on a shelf, and only gets caught when he went back to retrieve the planted vial after his conscience got the better of him, as Patrick had apparently anticipated to try this move.
* A version is present in ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine''. There's no denying that the Dominion is a threat, but the Romulans have a non-aggression pact with them. Sisko, at Garak's urging and with his help, at first tries to convince a Pro-Dominion Romulan senator to join the cause with fake evidence that the Dominion will be coming for the Romulans soon rather than trying to make peace. Found out, he braces for the Romulans rejecting an alliance or even joining the Dominion...and then a bomb destroys the Senator's shuttle with him aboard, apparently Dominion-made after meeting with the Dominion and providing imperfections to the evidence that would explain their seeming falsity. Garak, knowing it would eventually come to that ([[GambitRoulette and apparently also knowing that the shuttle wouldn't immediately send a message to Romulus contradicting the frameup]]), had planted the bomb in order to frame the Dominion for assassinating a prominent Romulan. This mirrors the RealLife Reichstag fire, which fully galvanized the German populace into accepting the Nazi party over the German Communist Party.
* In the two part tv movie ''Secret Smile,'' Miranda, played by Kate Ashfield is haunted by her psychotic [[Creator/DavidTennant ex-boyfriend]]. After she dumps him, he gets engaged to her sister, [[ManipulativeBastard manipulates]] her teenage brother into committing suicide, dumps her sister at the altar to marry Miranda's best friend instead, and then murders the best friend and gets away with it. At her wits end, she enlists the help of his current abused girlfriend and manages to frame him with [[spoiler:''her own murder,'' then assumes her dead friend's identity and moves to Australia as he's incarcerated.]]
* ''Series/{{Shark}}'' did this to a SerialKiller. Small subversion in that the supposed victim in this case actually committed suicide (but the killer had killed many women and continued to get away with it.)
* One of the Strike Team's favorite moves on ''Series/TheShield''. One egregious example is when they kidnap a Los Angeles serial killer and take him to Mexico to frame him on a gun charge, then burn his driver's license so he can't come back. Then, it is subverted when a fanatical IAD Detective plants evidence on Mackey, but has a crisis of conscience and turns himself in.
* ''Series/DarkAngel'': A gangster commits murder by throwing his victim out of a window, thus making it look like suicide. Logan [[TheCoronerDothProtestTooMuch conspires with the coroner]] to put a cap in the corpse's head, then has Max plant the gun on the gangster as he attempts to board an international flight.
* Used on an episode of ''Series/{{CSI}}'' when Catherine, Brass and [=McKeen=] fake the murder of a snitch so the forensics will point at a suspected murderer. The goal is get murderer to unwittingly reveal evidence for the murders he actually did commit. Their own team members (who initially think that Internal Affairs is just messing with them) eventually discover the conspiracy. It only falls apart because [=McKeen=] was ''supposed'' to let the judge and D.A. in on the scheme but neglected to do so [[spoiler: which may be FridgeBrilliance as much later he turns out to be TheMole]]. They still get the bad guy though because he really was [[WhatAnIdiot stupid enough to fall for it]], as it turned out he was the killer of the B-plot as well, and they had stronger evidence pinning him for that crime.
** Another episode has Catherine reopening the cold case of a man her detective mentor got put in jail for murder, after the man, terminally ill, confesses to a different murder but protests his innocence of the one he was convicted of, that of Catherine's best friend Stephanie. It turns out Tadero, the detective, planted evidence because the DA had released the suspect even though he boasted to Tadero of having roughed her up. Catherine [[WhatTheHellHero calls him out in a big way]] and is forced to have Tadero arrested for it, pointing out the flaw in his justification: Even though the guy was guilty, Stephanie's real murderer still got away.
** Yet another episode had a badly burnt body being found inside the chimney of a guy previously found suspect of the murder of a teenage girl years earlier. The body is initially identified as belonging to the man's son and during the course of the investigation, the corpse of the teenager is also found. However, the son turns up alive prompting the question as to who the burned corpse was. Turns out the teenager's father stole the corpse from a morgue in order to get the house investigated so that his daughter's body would be found and her killer brought to justice.
* The hero does this almost every episode in ''Series/BurnNotice''. He's probably committed more crimes than many of the villains, but it's all for a good cause.
** In one episode, a criminal steals a car full of drugs from his boss, and tries to frame someone for it by planting the car on their property. Michael figures it out in time, and sneaks the car back onto the criminal's property just in time for his boss to see it.
** This ends up backfiring in one episode, where Michael frames a criminal's ruthless [[TheDragon Dragon]] as an undercover cop in order to take his place. When they search the guy's apartment, they find evidence that Michael didn't plant, causing him to realize that he [[UndercoverCopReveal really was an undercover cop]]. Michael has to improvise to keep the guy from being killed without breaking his own cover.
* In ''Series/{{CSINY}}'', Aiden Burn breaks the seal on a piece of evidence intending to plant it to incriminate a serial rapist after the victim who could have identified him backed down. Her conscience prevents her from going through with it and she confesses to her boss, Mac Taylor - but because she's already contaminated the evidence, he has to fire her.
* Done in ''Series/TheThinBlueLine'' episode "Court In The Act": Inspector Grim is desperate to convict a drug dealer; his subordinate Boyle suggests that evidence can be found -- "found", in inverted commas. Inspector Fowler found out about the frame up and, unable to prove the drug dealer had been framed, he [[spoiler: told the criminal's barrister that Constable Kevin Goody, who found (he didn't know about the frameup) the planted evidence, was wearing a new uniform that wasn't an official police uniform, thus invalidating any incriminating evidence found during the search and allowing the drug dealer to get]] OffOnATechnicality.
* Felicia Tillman pulls this in ''Series/DesperateHousewives''; she knows Paul Young murdered her sister, but can't prove it without exposing her sister as the blackmailer who drove Mary Alice Young to suicide and revealing Zach Young's true identity. Instead, she tries to threaten him and scare him into skipping town (leaving Zach behind with her), then tries to have him killed, but both of these plans fail, so she spends several weeks draining her own blood bit by bit, sprays it around Paul's house and car, then [[CrazyAwesome chops off two of her own fingers and leaves them in his trunk]] before tipping off the cops. Needless to say, he's arrested and charged with her murder.
* One episode of ''Series/CSIMiami'' features a cop who is so convinced of a person's guilt in a series of murders that he ''[[KnightTemplar murders someone else]]'' (Santana from ''Series/{{Glee}}''!) in order to provide the evidence needed to implicate them. Except the suspect turned out to be innocent.
* ''Series/{{Terriers}}'': In the pilot, the PI heroes figure out that a local developer had two people killed to get hold of an incriminating video. He's well-connected and the police are reluctant to go after him, so they plant the murder weapon in his desk drawer to get him arrested. The trouble really starts when the developer starts trying to prove the gun was planted...
** And again in "Change Partners": Ray, a fellow thief from Britt's past, wants Britt to work with him again. He's recently robbed a bar, so Britt and Hank stage a second robbery and this time leave evidence pointing to Ray.
* One of the standard tactics played by the [[Series/MissionImpossible Impossible Missions Force]] was to set up the target so the people the target worked for or with was convinced they were being betrayed or conned by the target, and [[TechnicalPacifist letting them do the dirty work of the actual elimination]].
* This is done by Series/{{Columbo}} in nearly every case, though usually as a BluffingTheMurderer tactic.
** A variant was used in one episode where the (eventual) murderer manages to trick Columbo into believing that a murder has taken place in order to discredit Columbo so he won't be believed when the murder does take place. The murderer doesn't get away with it of course.
* When the ''Series/{{Leverage}}'' team can't prove [[TheMark the mark's]] guilt, they resort to this.
** Key example: In "The Gold Job," a brother and sister running a fake "buy and sell gold" business are tricked into putting their gold into a vault that they previously said was useless. The team then use a drill that was purchased by the siblings to drill into the vault and steal the gold. When the duo try to report the theft of their own gold from a supposedly useless vault with a drill they bought, a cop literally laughs "that is the worst insurance fraud scam I've ever heard" and has them arrested.
** Like many of the team's tactics, this could backfire. In one episode, they instigate a mole hunt in order to serve as a big distraction for security in a company...only to find an actual mole.
* Out-of-court example in the "Deception" episode of ''Series/{{House}}'': A patient with MunchausenSyndrome is discharged, but House thinks she has an underlying condition that doesn't show up enough, and gives her a drug to make it more obvious. [[spoiler: Eventually subverted as it turns out that he was wrong with that diagnosis.]]
* Subverted in the Australian mini-series ''Blue Murder''. Detectives arrest a criminal and after he's cuffed plant a gun in his car as a parole violation. He responds that they don't need that as he's already carrying one for real.
* In ''Series/{{Oz}}'', Jason Cramer was convicted of decapitating his gay lover, but the case against him starts to unravel two years later when a jury member admits to him that although she thinks he's guilty, she didn't think justice had been served, as one of her fellow jurors let his homophobia cloud his judgement. When Cramer is granted a new trial, the detective who arrested him, who is dying and wants to clear his conscience, confesses to have planted fingerprints on a knife. This and the fact that the only witness had since died results in Cramer being acquitted and released.
* Carter pulls off a series of MagnificentBastard level frames in ''Series/PersonOfInterest'' episode "Endgame". She, in sequence, frames HR in the eyes of Russian mobsters for stealing a load of Russian mob drugs HR was being paid to protect; then frames the Russians in the eyes of HR for an apparent assassination attempt on the head of HR in revenge; and finally frames them ''both'' by tipping off the FBI that HR was going to massacre the Russians, who are caught as they are about to do it, and the FBI discovers the stolen Russian drugs in the trunk of a vehicle belonging to one of the HR shooters. Reese is ''very'' impressed, as Carter managed to do all this, including planting the drugs she stolen on HR while HR had her under surveillance, so skillfully ''The Machine'' was fooled.
** In another episode a corrupt Federal Marshal is going to get away with his crimes so Reese ends up driving him to Mexico and framing him for drug possession there. The ending of the episode implies that he's done this a few times before.
** Northern Lights justifies its investigations after the fact by slipping intel into existing reports, since they can't reveal that the actual source is The Machine.
* Done in ''Series/TrailerParkBoys'' when Ricky, Julian, Bubbles, Cory and Trevor are all arrested and tried for stealing gasoline. Ricky manages to trick the court into thinking that Cory and Trevor were the only ones who committed any theft. They end up being the only ones punished.
* An episode of ''Series/FoylesWar'' reveals that Foyle's previous sergeant had gotten so obsessed with a known burglar that he stole a necklace from the last house the burglar broke into and planted it on him, framing him. This being ''Foyle's War'', it's deconstructed, since doing so wrecks the case against the burglar, meaning that the burglar got a lighter sentence than he should have, and on his release got caught up in something that ended up getting him murdered. Foyle is not impressed:
-->'''Foyle:''' You were so determined to see the man jailed that you wrecked the case against him to the point that the judge almost set him free. You perverted the course of justice and, what's more, he might still be alive if it hadn't been for your unforgivable interference.
* Played with in an episode of ''{{Series/Heartbeat}}''. Nick Rowan and Phil Bellamy arrest two petty crooks who mugged Bellamy's gran, but find no evidence on them. Bellamy thus plants his gran's purse on one of them so it will be found by a second search. This being ''Heartbeat'', Nick's reluctance to perjure himself results in him giving truthful but highly evasive evidence in court, resulting in Sergeant Blaketon realising what's happened and dropping the charges. He proceeds to take the two constables off the case, and then find evidence of another crime that the two crooks did.
* ''Series/MidsomerMurders'' subverts it in one episode where Barnaby reveals that one suspect had been properly arrested by him twenty years prior. Unfortunately, his superiors at the time pinned a whole bunch of unsolved cases on the guy, which were completely demolished in court and resulted in his doing 18 months of prison instead of several years.
* {{Subverted}} in the ''Series/BattleCreek'' pilot. Russ and Milton coach their witness into fingering a local drug dealer for the murder of the week. Unfortunately for them, the dealer refuses to play ball because he's completely innocent, and Russ only avoids a suspension because Milton (an FBI agent and therefore outside the Battle Creek PD's chain of command) tells [[DaChief Commander Guziewicz]] it was ''his'' idea (it was Russ's). [[spoiler:Ironically the witness himself was the actual killer.]]
* In one episode of ''Series/{{Witchblade}}'', Danny Woo is revealed to have once planted evidence to get a SerialKiller convicted (they knew he was their guy but couldn't prove it). The plot kicks off courtesy of [[RealityEnsues the killer's conviction being overturned because of the frame-up]], forcing the team to catch him all over again.
* Done at least once by Mr. Chapel in ''Series/VengeanceUnlimited'': He kidnaps an accomplice of his target and ties him up blindfolded on the target's property, to make it look like the target kidnapped him so he wouldn't blab to someone about it. This, along with all the other {{Gaslighting}} Chapel does to the target, gets him put in a mental institution.
* Revealed to be the secret behind Operation Daylight on ''Series/{{Blindspot}}''. The NSA illegally intercepted private American communications and passed on the information about illegal activity to (among others) Mayfair at the FBI. Mayfair concocted the cover story of having received information from confidential informants and passed it along to other FBI agents and law enforcement who were then able to get legal warrants for evidence, oblivious to the fact the "tips" had fabricated and the informants were nothing of the sort.
* When a man believed responsible for computer hacking and murder flees to Bahrain on ''Series/{{Limitless}}'', Brian concocts a way of getting him deported back to the United States so the FBI can arrest him by making it look like he's doing things that would be enough to annoy the local authorities (such as appearing to import 11 pounds of ''bacon'' to the Muslim country) so they'd want to get rid of him but aren't serious enough to get him imprisoned.
* ''Series/FatherBrown'': Happens in [[spoiler:"The Hangman's Demise"]]. The VictimOfTheWeek actually commits suicide, but does it such a way as to make it look like murder, and frames someone he knows committed murder years before but whom the police cannot touch.
* ''Series/WhiteCollar'' episode 3x06 "Scott Free" has a particularly notable example in that the guilty party is ''actually guilty of the exact crime he's being framed for.'' There's this kid, right? Stealing from AssholeVictims JustLikeRobinHood. Only his latest heist was from ''another'' thief who's fully capable of killing "Robin Hoody" for the hell of it. Neal's solution? '''Put the loot back and call Peter.'''
-->'''Burke''': ''[[LetMeGetThisStraight Oh, you're alleging that]] a thief broke into your office to crack an uncrackable safe to give you millions of dollars in diamonds?''
* ''{{Series/Guilt}}'': What D.S. Bruno did to a suspect in the past, which provides blackmail leverage against him.
* ''Series/TheCoroner'': This attempted in "The Salcombe Selkie" (although the crime the guilty party is framed for is more serious than the one they actually committed). However, the guilty party is murdered before the frame can come fully into effect.
* In ''Series/{{Blackadder}} II'', Blackadder escapes his debt to the Baby-Eating Bishop of Bath and Wells--a sadist who describes himself as a colossal pervert who will do anything ''to'' anything--by drugging him and posing him in various... positions... to be painted. (With Percy. Poor Percy.) The audience isn't shown the result, but it is HeadTiltinglyKinky.
-->"It's beautifully framed, which is ironic, because that's what you've just been."
* ''Series/Conviction2016'': [[spoiler:In order to prevent terrorist Rodney Landon from getting released after discovering he had planned another bombing from the one he was convicted of (but that the evidence for this isn't legally usable), Sam spreads a rumor in the prison that Landon is getting released because he snitched on other inmates. This causes them to attack him and he naturally fights back, stabbing another prisoner and insuring he'll stay in prison.]]
* On ''Series/ThePractice'', one story arc concerns the character of George Vogelman, who's rejected romantically by Ellenor, then shows up at the firm's office with a patient's head in his medical bag, claims he doesn't know how it got there and is being framed, goes on trial with Ellenor representing him, is acquitted, and is finally revealed to [[EvilAllAlong be a murderous psycho who's done everything he's done because of his obsession with Ellenor]]. Between the trial and TheReveal, in the episode "End Games," one of Ellenor's druggie clients rushes into the office on the run from the police. The police come in and arrest him, then search the office to find drugs. Instead, they find a knife secreted in a file cabinet, and tests reveal that knife to be the one used to murder Susan Robin, the woman Vogelman was acquitted of killing. Ellenor is arrested for concealing evidence and the firm struggles to try to understand this turn of events, since both Ellenor and Vogelman deny ever seeing the knife. In a brainstorming session, they reason out what happened: Police found the knife subsequent to the acquittal, but of course couldn't try Vogelman again, whom they are still sure committed the murder. So they sent Ellenor's client into the office to plant it, hoping to at least get ''something'' out of their discovery--if they can't get Vogelman, convicting Ellenor would be the next best thing and would serve as public vindication. The firm turns out to be correct in its theory, and Ellenor is freed.[[note]]The viewer at this point in the story has no idea that George Vogelman was actually guilty of killing Susan Robin, but finds out soon enough. The police, however, are sure of it--and they're right.[[/note]]
* At least two episodes of ''Series/{{Elementary}}'' have featured this: in one, Holmes quickly figured out the "murder victim" had committed suicide in an attempt to frame a man for her death as there was no proof of his guilt in another crime, but his curiosity is roused to uncover the real crimes the man committed. In another, a man is responsible for a series of crimes in the past which result in one of his victims committing murder, which Holmes and Watson prove. Unwilling to accept the KarmaHoudini aspect of the man living free in a country without an extradition treaty with the United States, Holmes has a contact of his with the local police plant drugs on the man and have him arrested, which because of the draconian local drug laws, will result in him having a life sentence in a very unpleasant penal system.
* In ''Series/{{Suits}}'', the firm's client Ava Hessington is accused of instigating the murder of African villagers. The lawyers eventually find out that the real culprit is their colleague Stephen Huntley. Since there's no evidence implicating Huntley, they eventually manage to convince his boss Edward Darby to provide false testimony, in which Huntley "admits" to ordering the killings (in Darby's words, he's putting words to a conversation he ''should have had'' with Huntley after the incident). Being a respected attorney on both sides of the pond, Darby is believed, and the prosecutor gives him immunity from prosecution in exchange for Darby giving up the license to practice law in the US (this part was added by Jessica in order to dissolve their partnership). After being arrested, Huntley tries to strike back at the firm for the false testimony and provides his own fake evidence on another case. Fortunately, Mike manages to outwit him and [[EngineeredPublicConfession get him to admit on record that the evidence is fake]].
* ''Series/BetterCallSaul'': Mike Ehrmantraut's first job as an enforcer for Gus Fring is to hit one of Hector Salamanca's drug-running ice cream trucks. Mike plants drugs on one of Hector's trucks by sprinkling it over the exterior as they pass under a pair of shoes Mike had thrown onto a telephone line, knowing that they are on their way to the border. In an interesting variant, the frame-up is only useful because they are guilty. There isn't enough planted drugs to implicate them, but just enough for the Border Patrol sniffer dogs to catch a whiff, which leads to the runners being detained, and triggers a more intense search, which finds the actual contraband they are smuggling.
* The first episode of ''Series/NewTricks'' involves a roundabout case of this. The cold case team are formed to find evidence that a recently-freed murderer who is claiming a frame-up was actually guilty, but they discover that he was innocent of the murder he was sent away for... but guilty of another murder that the investigating officer who framed him had believed he did. And to add insult to injury, the shoes that the officer 'fixed up' in order to frame him actually contained clear evidence that he did the other murder. Had the investigating cop simply done his job properly, he could have easily convicted the murderer of the earlier crime without need for a frame-up at all.
* On an episode of ''Series/TheBrave'', the team plants a listening device on paranoid arms dealer Boothe under the guise of holding him up and stealing a case of cash from him. They then overhear Boothe noting to his guard he must have been betrayed for someone to have known his route, and decides it had to be his girlfriend (who really was the source). In order to save her, they plant the money at the house of a Mexican Cartel leader Boothe has been working with, making him believe the cartel leader--who knew the information as he'd just given the money to Boothe for weapons--had ordered the robbery to get the money back, and Boothe kills him in revenge. This not only saves the girlfriend's life and preserves her secret, but the cartel leader had been responsible for torturing Hannah years before when she'd been undercover so the team gets some payback on her behalf as well.
* In ''Series/{{The Flash|2014}}'', Ralph Dibny was a promising young detective. However, when he lacked evidence to prove that a guy he was certain was guilty of murder actually did it, he planted the evidence. Barry, still new to the job, went the extra mile to ensure that everything was in order, resulting in him discovering the planted evidence and exposing Dibny, causing him to lose his job. Years later, Joe is about to do the same to Marlize [=DeVoe=] in order to prove that she conspired with her husband to frame Barry for his murder. Ralph does open the door for Joe, but then he explains exactly what's going to happen to Joe if he goes through with it. Joe changes his mind, realizing Ralph is right.

* In the play and movie ''Theatre/ArsenicAndOldLace'', the protagonist, Mortimer Brewster, must trick his sweet old aunts into committing themselves to a mental institution to prevent them from being arrested for the [[SerialKiller multiple murders]] they have committed and buried in their basement. The situation gets even more complicated when his AxCrazy brother Jonathan shows up and tries to drop off one of ''his'' dead bodies.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsIVOblivion'':
** In an early Thieves' Guild mission, you return from a successful heist (revealed to be a false commission set up by the Guild to flush out a traitor in their ranks) to find that Imperial Watch Captain Lex and his men are besieging the Waterfront on a manhunt for your superior, tipped off by the traitor. To get them to back off, you plant the item you just stole in the traitor's house and then snitch to Lex on them, framing them for the theft.
** The traitor to the Dark Brotherhood, on the other hand, is quite successful at framing Lucien Lachance for the murder of the majority of the Black Hand. It's this trope because Lucien's job is to murder people, he was just accused of murdering the ''wrong'' people.
* In ''VideoGame/KnightsOfTheOldRepublic'', your investigation reveals that a key piece of evidence was planted by the Sith. However, if you dig deep enough, you learn that the Republic stole a video recording showing that Sunry is guilty as charged.
* In ''VideoGame/SaintsRow: The Third'', the S.T.A.G. Initiative is sent to put a stop to the gang violence by declaring martial law in the city. [[RootingForTheEmpire Things is, they're entirely correct]], the player-character is pretty much somewhere between SociopathicHero, PsychoForHire, and AxeCrazy. However, [[spoiler:in the penultimate mission, [[TheDragon Kia]] tries to fake a terrorist attack by the Saints]], and whether it succeeds or not is [[MultipleEndings up to the player]].
* In ''VideoGame/SplinterCell: Chaos Theory'', Sam Fisher infiltrates a bank to find information regarding the villain's plot, and then steal some bearer bonds to disguise it as a simple robbery. An optional objective requires him to plant fake emails in the computers of key bank employees that make it look like it was an InsideJob. Sam questions why they're framing "innocent" bank employees for the theft, only for [[MissionControl Lambert]] to point out that the "innocent" bankers were financing terrorists from the previous two missions.
* Late in ''VideoGame/GhostReconWildlands'', it's revealed that the Santa Blanca terrorist bombing of the US embassy in La Paz, intended to kill DEA agent Ricky Sandoval, [[spoiler:was perpetrated ''by'' Ricky Sandoval to frame Santa Blanca. Sandoval posthumously confesses that he was sick and tired of his superiors ignoring his reports about the threat that Santa Blanca posed and decided that the only way to get the US to give two shits about the situation in Bolivia would be to have the cartel upgraded from narco-traffickers to narco-''terrorists''.]]
* In ''VideoGame/PAYDAY2'', this is the goal of the Framing Frame mission. The job involves framing a senator for drug possession by planting stacks of cocaine in his flat's hidden vault, but the senator already engages in shady, illegal deals across the globe, the most recent one involving gold, cocaine, and illegal weapons. If stealth fails, then this trope stops taking place, and you use footage of his actual crimes to finish the job instead.

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* ''Franchise/AceAttorney'':
** The fourth case in ''[[VisualNovel/PhoenixWrightAceAttorney Justice for All]]'' shows [[DeconstructedTrope the possible consequences of this trope]]. [[spoiler:Adrian Andrews planted evidence to frame Matt Engarde for the murder of his rival, because she suspected that he had something to do with it. Indeed, he was the man who hired the assassin. But Phoenix manages to expose the contradictions and prove that she framed him... and suddenly ''she's'' the prime suspect in a murder she never committed!]]
** The first case of the fourth game, ''{{VisualNovel/Apollo Justice|AceAttorney}}'', plays it straight: [[spoiler:Phoenix is accused of a murder he didn't commit. The evidence has been destroyed, but Phoenix forges it to convict the real killer. Apollo is less than happy when he finds out about it]].
** It turns up in "Rise from the Ashes", with [[spoiler: the Joe Darke case, in which the corrupt police chief ''committed a murder himself'' then set things up to look like an innocent was the unintentional culprit, so that said innocent's sister would frame the aforementioned Darke, a SerialKiller against whom there would otherwise have been insufficient evidence]].
* This trope is a gameplay mechanic in ''VisualNovel/NewDanganRonpaV3'' as the "Perjury" system. If you know someone is guilty but can't prove it, you can change a Truth bullet into a Lie to catch them off guard.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/LeagueOfSuperRedundantHeroes'' Gyrognome has a habit of planting weapons-grade plutonium and other severe contraband on supervillains who are already headed for jail, [[ItAmusedMe just for kicks]].

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/MrPickles'', when a gum thief is accidentally mixed up with a serial killer and arrested, Mr. Pickles just goes with the flow and catches the real serial killer by framing him for the gum thievery.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were framed for being atomic spies because the government couldn't reveal how it really knew they were guilty -- the Venona Intercepts.
* During UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution, there was a whole climate of UsefulNotes/ConspiracyTheories and paranoia and wild accusations were flung and hurled against each from various parties. One especially weird circumstance for historians is when later evidence emerges that partially vindicates the extreme accusations.
** UsefulNotes/MarieAntoinette was as a symbol for royalist excess in the years before UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution, and liberals and moderates considered her a LadyMacBeth type, while recent fictional depictions see her as TheScapegoat. Recent research into the letters and foreign cables however shows that Marie Antoinette was virtually the leader of royalist opposition at Versailles and was against any diminution of power. She played a key role in orchestrating the Flight to Varennes and alongside a cabal known as the Austrian Commitee she instigated the war of 1792[[note]]She gloated in her private letters, ''"These imbeciles don't see that they are helping us, because in the end all the powers will have to join in."''[[/note]] and even betrayed secret information to the enemy. Historians doubt if this actions was influential in any way, but they agree that were this evidence available, it would be more than enough to judge her guilty of treason. As it happened, her trial was pretty much a farce with wild misogynist allegations hurled at her, and very little actual evidence for her guilt.
** An even more ironic example is that of Jacques-Pierre Brissot. Jacobins accused him and other Girondins of being a counter-revolutionary. Camille Desmoulins in a pamphlet accused him of being a police spy and AgentProvocateur in stoking war against Europe. Most historians saw this as similar to other paranoid Jacobin accusations and Desmoulins himself regretted Brissot's arrest and execution. In the 20th Century however, the historians [[https://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/3403050/darnton_brissot.pdf?sequence=2 Robert Darnton]] and [[http://quod.lib.umich.edu/w/wsfh/0642292.0034.006/--uses-of-power-lafayette-and-brissot-in-1792?rgn=main;view=fulltext Sylvia Neely]] found evidence that Brissot was ''indeed'' a police spy and diplomatic cables from Russia revealed that he hoped to contain the uprising by sending the sans-culottes off the street to the frontlines as a way to defuse the Revolution.
* [[TheMafia Charles "Lucky" Luciano]] got his first conviction on the charge of collecting money from prostitutes. However Luciano would need to haven been uncharacteristically stupid to collect from prostitutes in person. Also at that point it would have been like the CEO of Walmart personally emptying a cash register. Either way it made the prosecutor, Thomas Dewey, a celebrity overnight and put him on the way to his (failed) bid for the White House.
* It's often speculated that the LAPD tried to do this to O.J. Simpson, although we'll probably never know.

[[AC:Framing an Unknown Guilty Party]]


[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In one of the episodes of ''Manga/DetectiveConan'', the killer is a woman named Tina. Her boyfriend found the crime scene and saw that the victim wrote "Tina" in his own blood as he lay dying, so the boyfriend changed the message to "Ringo", hoping to deflect all suspicion onto an innocent person who probably wouldn't have an alibi. Then ''Ringo'' found the crime scene and changed the message again to point to... you guessed it.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In ''ComicBook/FromHell'', fraudulent psychic Robert Lees, in retaliation for a personal slight, leads Inspector Fred Abberline to Sir William Gull's home, claiming he's had visions of Gull committing the [[UsefulNotes/JackTheRipper Whitechapel murders]]. He is shocked speechless when Gull confesses to the crimes. Years later, still shaken, he admits to Abberline, "I made it all up, and it all came true anyway. That's the funny part."

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The protagonist of ''Film/KindHeartsAndCoronets'' spends most of the film coldly and methodically killing off the entire aristocratic D'Ascoyne family. In the end, [[spoiler:his jealous girlfriend tips off the police that he is the murderer... of ''her husband'', who in fact committed suicide on a completely unrelated note. Evolves into a Category 3 in the end. Almost. Probably]].
* ''Film/NoWayOut'':
** Commander Farrell's girlfriend is killed accidentally by the Secretary of Defense, who blames a [[RedHerringMole Soviet spy]], setting off a Pentagon WitchHunt. Farrell has to find proof who the real killer was before evidence turns up showing he had slept with her, and thus be accused...not only because he didn't commit the crime but because [[spoiler:he ''is'' a Soviet spy.]]
** The man who ends up being blamed for the killing (the politician's aide) was not actually guilty of that (or of being a mole), but had committed ''multiple'' illegal acts in the course of the coverup including at least one actual murder, and is the primary villain of the movie.
* A slight variant of Category 2 is in the film ''Film/BeyondAReasonableDoubt''. A crusading newspaper editor (John [=McIntire=]) wants to prove that the death penalty can cause an innocent man to be executed. He hatches a bizarre plot with his star reporter (Dana Andrews): the editor will plant false evidence indicating that the reporter is guilty of a recent unsolved sex murder. After the reporter is arrested, convicted, and sentenced to death, the editor will come forward with proof that the evidence was falsified, forcing the authorities to release the reporter. Amazingly enough, the reporter agrees to this. The first twist comes when the editor is killed in an accident, and the evidence destroyed, before he can clear the reporter. The second twist comes when it develops that the reporter is the actual murderer.
* An example of this being done to a good guy happens in ''Film/TheDukesOfHazzard'' film. To get the Dukes out of the way, the cops plant a still at their home. As the Dukes are known moonshine smugglers, it's questioned why the cops ''had'' to frame them in the first place. Daisy explains that the cops are just too stupid to find the real one.
* An interesting example of the criminal himself suggesting the framing. In ''Film/{{Hannibal}}'', the titular character is escaping from Mason Verger's farm where he was going to be killed, when Mason shows up with his personal physician. He orders his doctor to go into a pit filled with [[FedToPigs man-eating pigs]] to get a gun and shoot Hannibal. When the doctor refuses, Mason threatens to expose the doctor's role in his crimes. Hannibal says, "Hey Cordell! Why don't you push him in[the pit]. You can always say it was me." He then proceeds to do so.
* Done in the climax of the Mexican film ''Film/TodoElPoder'', after the protagonists used a doctored video of the (supposedly kidnapped but in reality dead) DirtyCop confessing his crimes to expose and blackmail his CorruptBureaucrat boss, however the boss attempts to turn the tables when he's presented with the evidence as he shoots his [[ShootTheHostage underling's body]] (not realizing that he was already dead) and then announces that tomorrow the newspapers will report the arrest of the "dangerous gang of kidnappers" lead by the protagonist but "unfortunately the brave cop lost his life in line of duty"; The protagonist then reveals that he [[IHaveYourWife also kidnapped the boss' wife]] as a backup plan, after the DirtyCop died of a heart attack before getting an actual confession from him.

* In Creator/MarthaWells's ''The Death of the Necromancer'', one of the villains framed an innocent man for murder and necromancy. As a consequence, the hero[[note]]the adopted son of the condemned man[[/note]] spends the novel trying to frame him, so that he too will be executed for a crime he didn't commit. [[spoiler: The hero finally tricks him into shooting a magically animated corpse.]]
* Donald Westlake wrote a novella called ''A Travesty'' that has the murderer (also the narrator) being framed for the murder he committed [[spoiler: by the detective because the murderer has been having an affair with the detective's wife]].
* While the crime is not something [[DeliberateValuesDissonance we would recognize as a crime]] and the frame-up consists of simply an anonymous accusation (Nazi Germany ''was'' something of a PoliceState), Creator/HarryTurtledove's ''In the Presence of Mine Enemies'' has a woman in an unhappy marriage accuse her target for adultery of being a Jew after he says no. At that point in the novel we have already found out the man is a member of the secret underground Judaic community of 21th century Nazi Germany, and that one of the things that made him say no was thinking such a relationship could have endangered the secret (the other is that he is happily married).

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}''
** Baltar, desperate to get any hint of involvement in the Cylon attack off himself, randomly picks someone who was standing on the bridge as being a Cylon. Guess what?
** Later in the first season, a Cylon agent gives the fleet doctored photos of Baltar tampering with the Colonial defense mainframe, thereby facilitating the genocide of mankind. When the frame-up is discovered, Baltar's ''actual'' indirect role in providing the Cylons access to the defense network remained unknown until the late third season. And even then no-one can prove it, so very few people know about it in the first place (they find other things he has done to go after him). No one actually has hard, non drug based vision evidence of his wrongdoing until he confesses to someone halfway through the final season.
** Eventually, Baltar is put on trial for the Cylons' disastrous occupation of New Caprica. It really was his fault, but not for the reason they think. The witnesses have to resort to perjury to make the case against him, as none of the prosecutors know what he's actually guilty of, and he's ultimately acquitted.
* In ''Series/{{Spooks}}'' it's revealed that Adam Carter once infiltrated Syrian intelligence. A Syrian officer was close to exposing him, so Adam fabricated evidence that the officer was an Israeli mole. As it turned out, he was one. Oops.
* In an episode of ''Series/BurnNotice'', Michael tries to get into a villain's good graces by convincing him that his [[TheDragon Dragon]] is actually an undercover cop. He finds it surprisingly easy since, as he later learns, the guy ''is'' an undercover cop. Being good guys, Michael and the gang take it upon themselves to both save his life and complete the job.
* In ''Series/DowntonAbbey'', Barrow takes a disliking to the nanny and lies about seeing her neglecting her duties. When Lady Grantham checks in on her, she discovers the nanny has in fact been abusing one of the children under her care. Lady Grantham gives all credit to Barrow for uncovering the nanny's abuse.
* In "Claudius", the sixth episode of ''Series/TheCaesars'', Capito tries to save himself and his son Bassus from being tortured to death for allegedly conspiring against UsefulNotes/EmperorCaligula by offering to name his fellow conspirators. They include Caligula's dancing teacher Mnester, patricians Callistus and Vitellius, and Caligula's wife Caesonia; the last name allows Caligula to see through the lie, and Capito and Bassus are both killed. However, Callistus and Vitellius actually ''were'' conspiring against Caligula, and organise his assassination by the Praetorian Guard at the end of the episode.
* In an episode of ''Series/MurderSheWrote'' a distraught father who came upon his daughter's body, apparently murdered by a local art thief, rearranges the scene to frame his [[spoiler: son-in-law. Turns out his son-in-law ''was'' the murderer, and he was attempting to frame the art thief]].

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* Lots of frameups in the roleplaying game ''TabletopGame/{{Paranoia}}'' (which specifically encourages frameups) wind up being Category 2, just because ''everyone'' is guilty of ''something''.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* A variant occurred in a ''Webcomic/SomethingPositive'' story arc. Kharisma had been trying to kill a very rich, very evil, and very old man because he made a bet with her: if she managed to kill him within a certain time period, she would inherit all his money. He survives all of her murder attempts because he's just that evil, only to die of natural causes just before the time limit expired. However, she is arrested and convicted of his murder anyway. And she doesn't help herself by ''[[TooDumbToLive bragging about the bet every chance she got]]''...
* In ''Webcomic/KevinAndKell'', Angelique and Kevin's father try to frame each other for killing Sid, and both are convinced the other did it. [[spoiler:It turns out that Danielle was on a mission to assassinate Sid, and he accidentallly shot himself with her gun when she couldn't bring herself to do it. Her father then decides to [[TakingTheHeat take the blame in her place]], since his frame-up was the one that was more accepted]].

[[folder:Web Original]]
* During [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GavN2qSwzD4#8m08s one]] group LetsPlay of ''VideoGame/TroubleInTerroristTown'' LetsPlay/{{Markiplier}} jumps to his death and promptly claims LetsPlay/{{Mangaminx}} killed him, causing the others to attack her. It turns out she actually ''was'' the traitor for that round.
-->'''Markiplier:''' Minx didn't actually kill me but ''boy'' you went for it.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Archer}}'':
** In the premiere episode, there is a double-whammy example of this trope. The eponymous secret agent wants to erase the fact that he's been misappropriating government funds to fuel [[HookersAndBlow his playboy lifestyle]], so he hastily contrives a reason that might convince others to let him secretly access the mainframe: "I'm on a mole-hunt!" It doesn't work as intended. Instead, this causes the real mole to make a run for it, pay for his getaway using Archer's account and ultimately get blamed for all of Archer's financial discrepancies.
** Our "hero" is accused of fathering an illegitimate son with a prostitute. His blood is drawn for the paternity test, but he secretly swaps the sample with blood from his co-worker so that the sample won't match the child's DNA. It turns out that his co-worker was the real father, making the samples match and everyone believe that Archer is the father.
* ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill'': One of [[ConspiracyTheorist Dale]]'s fear is if they found Boomhauer's car the police will investigate and as part of the government they are gonna pin the crime on him. And since he did it they'll succeed.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* May have happened in the real-life murder of Sunny von Bulow. The legal team, desperate to find out that the man they were representing (Sunny's husband Claus) was not a hopelessly amoral killer, were pleased to discover persuasive logic that a key piece of evidence against Claus had been fabricated - most likely planted by Sunny's family, who hated Claus and were convinced of his guilt. The piece of evidence in question was a needle used for an insulin shot - but the trouble was, the insulin was found on the ''outside'' of the needle. If the shot had been administered, there would not be insulin on the outside of it, meaning that the needle must have been dipped into insulin but not used. Testimony from one of the maids was also brought into question due to her interactions with the family's attorney. However, this didn't mean he didn't do it; the family may well have simply framed a guilty man. In the end, Claus was found not guilty, partially due to the rejection of hearsay evidence and the fact that the coma could not be proved to have been caused by insulin, and partially because Sunny herself had overdosed on aspirin not three weeks earlier, leading to questions about her state of mind.
** If the needle in question was really as described, it raises serious questions about the competence of everyone in the original trial. The needle was not a subtle issue.
* Mob hit man (and later informant) Donald Frankos claims that he was convicted of a murder he didn't really commit on the basis of perjured eyewitness testimony. According to him, he always wore a disguise when committing contract killings. In his memoir, he dryly notes that "if I had done it, he wouldn't have been able to identify me" would not have made a good defense in court.

[[AC:Framing Yourself]]


[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''Manga/DetectiveConan'':
** One murderer drew a letter on the wall pointing towards herself in the victims blood, but the victim was killed instantly and thus couldn't possibly have drawn it. This also allowed her to use her own skeet shooting gun without worrying about fingerprints (since anyone in the club could have accessed it) or gun powder residue (since she had used it earlier anyway).
** Another made it look like he had killed the victim (a fairly accomplished swordsman) in a swordfight by cutting up the room (cutting way to much and too random while purposefully leaving a certain statue intact to implicate another suspect) and leaving a sword clenched (the wrong way) in the victims hands. This was also done in an attempt to hide the dying message left by the victim while his back was turned.
* ''Manga/KindaichiCaseFiles'' has one. [[spoiler:A hanged chicken dripping blood to a math test answer sheet (which points the whole prank to the only teacher owning that answer sheet) complete with rumor that said teacher was the one starting the prank, her being in in the same closed room as the first victim, and the prep school building's dark past related to her grandfather all point at the math teacher. It turns out that she's really the killer, deliberately spreading rumors about her involvement and constantly placing herself as the one with highest possibility for being the killer while preparing plausible false deduction for Kindaichi in order to get away with her crime.]]

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* In ''[[Fanfic/AllThingsProbableSeries A Friend In Darkness]]'', [[EvilCounterpart Grimm Probable]] lets WesternAnimation/KimPossible find a binder full of evidence implicating [[ThePsychoRangers Team Probable]] in villanous schemes. Fortunately, [[MissionControl Wade]] sees through the trap -- the evidence is all forged, and if investigated closely would appear to implicate Wade as the forger.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* This trope makes up the twist ending to Fritz Lang's last American film, ''Beyond a Reasonable Doubt''.
* ''Film/TheLifeOfDavidGale'' has an alternate motive for this: [[spoiler:the eponymous character planted evidence to frame himself specifically so that additional evidence created to exonerate him would only be found [[AcquittedTooLate after he was found guilty and given the death penalty]], thus turning public opinion against capital punishment by being an example of a wrongfully-executed man. He, the victim, and an accomplice staged the whole thing from the start.]]
* The Spanish film ''Film/KillingWords'' is about a professor who makes it look like his ex-wife has framed him for her murder and skipped town, when in reality he murdered her.
* In ''Film/FreddyVsJason'', [[Franchise/ANightmareOnElmStreet Freddy Krueger]] resurrects [[Franchise/FridayThe13th Jason Voorhees]] and tricks him into killing a few kids in Springwood, Ohio, with the intent of taking credit for Jason's murders (since the more GenreSavvy adult residents will assume it's him). Unfortunately for Freddy, the titular conflict begins when Jason [[KillSteal keeps going at it]]. Unlike other examples of this sub-trope, Freddy fully intends to take credit for the first few kills since the people's fear of him gives him the power to murder at his leisure.
* Threatened in the climax the 1994 Creator/{{HBO}} movie, ''The Enemy Within''[[note]]A remake of ''Literature/SevenDaysInMay''[[/note]], the protagonists confront General Lloyd (Jason Robards), telling him to call off their coup attempt. Lloyd laughs them off, stating that by the time they could actually move against him, [[YouAreTooLate the Vice-President would've already been sworn in]], completing their coup. Colonel Casey (Forrest Whittaker) tells Lloyd that either he calls the coup off... Or ''he'll'' confess: He'll paint himself as one of the conspirators and spill everything he knows (and as a "conspirator", everything that would've been hearsay becomes first-hand testimony). Lloyd angrily tells his people to stand down.

* Creator/AgathaChristie did this serveral times:
** It was pretty much the central premise of ''Literature/TheMysteriousAffairAtStyles'', where the murderer goes to elaborate lengths to frame himself for the murder of his wife, acting shifty, having public tiffs with her, being seen purchasing the poison, openly enjoying his newfound wealth, etc... albeit keeping a rock solid alibi up his sleeve. The plan was to get speedily tried on a wave of public outcry, whip out the alibi at the last second, be found innocent on that shocking revelation alone, then be forevermore protected by the Double Jeopardy rule (in Anglo-Saxon law, one can't be tried for the same crime twice). Literature/HerculePoirot foils this plan by refusing to allow the man's arrest until he has true evidence of his guilt.
** Also, in ''Literature/TowardsZero'', culminating in a complex ''double'' set of framing: first the real killer framed himself, clumsily, and then put together a much more professional set of planted evidence pointing at someone else. The desired end result was that the second suspect would be hanged for murder; the actual murder victim was only a means to an end.
** A variation is used in the short-story (and later film version) ''Witness for the Prosecution'', where a witness frames herself so her testimony ''against'' the defendant is later exposed as false, to help free him instead.
** In ''Literature/TheMurderAtTheVicarage'' the killers plant several clues to make it look like the victim was shot at the exact time when one of them came to the crime scene to see the victim. The police are meant to see through these clues and assume the crime was committed later.
** It's attempted by one of a pair of murderers in ''Literature/DeathOnTheNile'' but in such a clumsy fashion that Poirot sees through it before it can be a serious red herring, and the other killer is actually afraid that the stupidity of it is going to end up working against them.
** In ''Literature/OrdealByInnocence'', the killer makes sure he would be the prime suspect, then creates an alibi to mislead the police into thinking that someone else is trying to frame him. Unfortunately for him, his alibi fails.
* The Klatchian agents in ''Discworld/{{Jingo}}'' plant sand and Klatchian coins at a crime scene to convince Vimes they ''weren't'' involved. Sure enough, when Vimes reads Colon's report, he sarcastically comments "All that's missing is the box of dates and the camel under the pillow!"
* In Creator/JohnLeCarre's ''Literature/TheSpyWhoCameInFromTheCold'', the hero is sent by [=MI6=] to East Germany to frame East German spycatcher Mundt as a British [[TheMole mole]]. [[spoiler:Except the British have actually discredited his "evidence" deliberately because Mundt ''really is'' TheMole for them, meaning that if Mundt is accused of being TheMole in the future [[CryingWolf no one will believe it]].]]
* In ''[[Literature/XWingSeries The Krytos Trap]]'', Tycho stands trial for [[spoiler: Corran's]] murder. The evidence against him is overwhelming, but both sides suspect that much of it was manufactured by Imperial Intelligence. The question is whether he is innocent and made to look guilty by a frame, or guilty and made to look innocent by a "clumsy" frame. In the end, the victim was alive the whole time (The Imperials [[FakingThedead faked his death]] and took him prisoner) and [[spoiler: General Cracken, a member of the tribunal, knew that Tycho was innocent (of this particular crime) and [[DecoyTrial held the trial to give New Republic Intelligence time to locate the real spy]]]].
* In ''[[Literature/HonorHarrington At All Costs]]'', Havenite politician [[spoiler:Arnold Giancola]] plants obviously manufactured evidence that (correctly) names him as the one responsible for altering diplomatic correspondence which started the war all over again. Fortunately, the Pritchart administration picks up on this fact and never makes the evidence public.
* Subverted in ''Jade Dragon'', where Radio/TheShadow investigates a frame-up so obvious the authorities will likely conclude the man is innocent, but a sleuth who goes a step further soon realizes that's exactly how a clever enough criminal could get away with murder. The real crook, though, went a step further than ''that'', adding increasingly subtle evidence against the guy...
* [[Creator/GKChesterton The Trees Of Pride]] has an interesting variant on this effect. The local doctor needs Squire Vane to be declared legally dead in order that his daughter may inherit the Squire's estates and cut down a grove of poisonous trees (the Squire suffers from an extreme case of ScullySyndrome, and is unwilling to accept any amount of evidence corroborating the folk tales regarding the tree's lethality). He talks the Squire into going on a secret vacation for a few months, then plants evidence to indicate that the Squire was murdered and that he was the murderer. Since he could easily halt any prosecution by simply producing the Squire alive and well, he knew that he personally ran very little risk.
* ''Literature/TheThinkingMachine'': The 'frame yourself' version is done by the murderer in [[spoiler:"The Fatal Cipher"]]. The killer plants a lot of false evidence to implicate themselves; relying on Van Dusen to discover that this evidence is fake, and then find the second set of false evidence they planted to implicate their chosen patsy. The entire scheme ends up verging into ComplexityAddiction.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* The episode "The Mind of Stefan Miklos" of ''Series/MissionImpossible'' had a two-for-one variation: the Americans have been using a foreign mole in their intelligence service (Townsend) by [[FeedTheMole feeding him bad information]] that he unwittingly passes on, but another spy (Simpson) in the ring is a rival and discovers proof the information is bad, accusing Townsend of being a double agent for the Americans. The investigator, Miklos, who the foreign intelligence service is sending to ferret out the truth is believed to be far too competent to fall for an attempt to frame Simpson, so instead the team frames ''Townsend'', depending on Miklos to see through their con, and come to the conclusion that the only reason the Americans would frame him would be to discredit the information he had passed on and have Townsend's own people eliminate him. As a bonus, the failed frame-up implicates Simpson as having been involved, leading to a Category 1 variation since Miklos concludes that ''he'' must be a double agent and was assisting the Americans in the attempted frame.
* In the early ''Series/{{Monk}}'' episode "Mr. Monk Meets Dale the Whale", the titular Dale the Whale arranges for his physician Dr. Christiaan Vezza to murder a judge named Catherine Lavinio who issued a costly antitrust ruling against Dale, then stage the scene to make it look like Dale did it, including a 911 call fingering him as the murderer and a neighborhood girl seeing a morbidly obese man disconnecting a smoke alarm in the house. This is completely impossible, because not only is Dale too fat to move, he couldn't even fit through the victim's door if he could, because he's basically like a ship in a bottle.
* Category three is utilized in the ''Series/LawAndOrderCriminalIntent'' episode "Eosphoros" (fittingly, since the show is more psychological and frequently deals with self-styled {{Magnificent Bastard}}s and [[TheChessmaster Chessmasters]]). The killer intentionally plants evidence against him,(his fingerprints on a packet of ketchup that was at the crime scene) then gives the detectives a prepared explanation for it. This almost succeeds in getting him off the hook too.
* This may or may not have happened in an episode of ''Series/ThePractice''. A man confesses to being a serial killer and gives the police information on the killings that was known to the public, including incorrect details the police had leaked to the press in order to weed out nut jobs. The defense points to this as proof of his innocence, whereas the prosecution argues that he was forced to rush his last murder, barely got away and hit upon the idea of making a false-sounding confession before the police started looking in his direction. He's acquitted and we never find out whether or not he really was the killer.
** There was an episode in which a white cop alleged that a black man walked up to him and confessed to being in possession of cocaine. The prosecution unsuccessfully argues that it's a self-framing job. The cop's partner asks the judge why he would make up such a ridiculous story, to which she replies that perhaps he did it precisely to open up that line of reasoning. Unlike the above example, it's revealed that the man was in fact guilty; he tells his lawyer that he did it in order to stop the cop from brutalizing another black man, correctly figuring that no jury would believe it happened that way.
* In season 4 of ''Series/BreakingBad'', Walt gives Jesse a rare poison known as Ricin in hopes that he will use it to kill Gus Fring. [[spoiler: When it later appears that Jesse's girlfriend's son has been poisoned with the Ricin, Jesse immediately assumes Walt is responsible due to nobody else knowing about it. However, Walt points out to him that he has nothing to gain by poisoning the boy. He then reasons that since the only thing keeping Gus from killing Walt is that Jesse refuses to cook meth for him if he does, Gus must have somehow found out about the Ricin and poisoned Brock with it in hopes of turning Jesse and Walt against each other. This convinces Jesse to side with Walt again, but the final scene of the season reveals Walt was responsible for poisoning Brock after all (albeit with a "lesser" poison - Lily of the Valley).]]
* ''Series/FatherBrown'': The murderer does this in [[spoiler:"The Brewer's Daughter"]]; laying out an OrgyOfEvidence against themself, then relying on Father brown to realise this evidence was planted, and then uncover the second more subtle set of clues planted to implicate someone else.
* ''Series/MurderSheWrote'': In [[spoiler:"Murder Takes The Bus"]] a character eventually confesses to a stabbing murder, but Jessica then states that he is guilty only of ''attempted'' murder because an amateur forensic analysis was sufficient to reveal that victim was already deceased when the stabbing occurred. She later realizes that the character had committed the murder all along, hoping that confessing to a stabbing that a coroner would easily find was not the cause of death would prevent anyone from realizing that he had committed the strangulation that actually did kill the victim.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In the second act of ''VideoGame/AviaryAttorney'', [[spoiler: Renard Vulpes disguises himself as a Spanish prince and makes it look like he attempted to murder the king in order to save Cygne, who was forced into the assassination attempt by Judge Romulus.]]

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* ''Franchise/AceAttorney'':
** Subverted in ''VisualNovel/PhoenixWrightAceAttorney: Justice for All'' case 2. Disgraced nurse Mimi Miney and her sister Ini were in a car accident that left Ini dead and Mimi disfigured -- some quick thinking let Mimi kill her old identity and assume her sister's. When she commits murder a year later, she makes it look as though the murder was carried out by the vengeful spirit of Mimi. (This is plausible in a game world where spirit channeling is real[[note]]The logic for this was twofold: if the Judge decided that spirit channeling could not possibly be real, then Maya Fey, the spirit channeler and the only one in the room aside from the victim, ''had'' to be guilty. If spirit channeling ''was'' presumed real in the trial, well, then Maya was clearly guilty of allowing a vengeful ghost to murder someone (criminal negligence, but the two appear to be the same in the Ace Attorney world)[[/note]].) This frames "Mimi"(and the spirit medium supposedly channeling her) and draws suspicion away from "Ini".
** In the fan-made case ''Two Sides of the Same Turnabout'', Helene gets trapped in the crime scene at the time of murder due to chloroform being used on her to knock her unconscious. Helene proves in court that she was drugged, claiming that she was framed up, but the prosecutor is having none of it: he says that Helene used the drug on herself to make it ''look'' like someone else framed her up. [[SubvertedTrope It's eventually proven that Helene was right.]]
* ''VisualNovel/{{Danganronpa}}'' has a strange non-murder example in the second case. [[spoiler: Byakuya Togami isn't the murderer, however, he did rearrange the crime scene to frame someone else (a SerialKiller... who [[NotMeThisTime actually didn't do it this time]]), but he made sure to leave just enough evidence to frame himself for the framing. Turns out he did this to scout out who was most likely to catch him if he ever ''did'' decide to murder someone. And [[ItAmusedMe for the lols.]]]]

[[folder:Real Life]]
* In 2015, Michigan Rep. Todd Courser admitted to writing up and sending out e-mails accusing himself of soliciting a male prostitute, because he was ''actually'' having an affair with fellow Rep. Cindy Gamrat and tried to muddy the waters with false accusations when the truth started to come out--the reason we know this is that one of his aides secretly recorded him [[JustBetweenYouAndMe explaining this plan]]. He was also alleged to have written up phony child abuse allegations, also against himself, earlier in his career in order to get himself sympathy votes when they were exposed as fraudulent.



[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* In ''Film/{{Chicago}}'', one application of this trope gets two murderesses off the hook. [[spoiler: Sleazy lawyer Billy Flynn creates a fake diary that supposedly belongs to VillainProtagonist Roxie Hart, talking about how she killed the man she was having an affair with and how she was glad she did it. Co-conspirator Velma Kelly then presents it to the prosecutors of both cases, using it as a bargaining chip to get the charges against her dropped. When the diary is presented as evidence, however, Flynn points out that the diary is full of legal jargon - as though it had been written by a lawyer...]]
* In ''Film/{{Hitman}}'', 47 is framed for the attempted murder of Belicoff. 47 in fact ''actually'' murdered Belicoff, but Belicoff was replaced with a double right after it happened, since they wanted to keep Belicoff in power but also couldn't control the real one. 47, being one of the few privy to this knowledge, had to be eliminated.

* In ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheGobletOfFire'', [[spoiler:Barty Crouch, Jr. and the Lestranges are sentenced to Azkaban in an obvious show trial. While the Lestranges are obviously guilty (Bellatrix boasts that Voldemort will free them someday as she's dragged away), the reader is led to believe that Crouch, Jr. was innocent. Later we find out that he actually was a Death Eater after all. It's unclear whether Barty Crouch, Sr. knew that his son was guilty (in which case this is category 1) or if he was just covering his own political ass (in which case this is category 2). Basically, it comes down to your own interpretation of how huge a {{Jerkass}} you think Crouch, Sr. was.]]
* In Creator/IsaacAsimov's story "Mirror Image" (set between Literature/TheNakedSun and Literature/TheRobotsOfDawn), there is a dispute between two Spacer mathematicians about who stole the other's idea. The only witnesses are ThreeLawsCompliant [[RobotMaid Robotic Butlers]], one of whom was ordered to lie. So, Baley questions both robots (the mathematicians refuse to be questioned by a mere Earth policeman), and, suddenly, one of the robots [[LogicBomb shuts down]]. Baley explains how it means the robot was given orders to lie by his owner, thus producing a strain severe enough to shut it down. The owner promptly confesses. The catch is, both robots were under a strain, and Baley didn't know enough about robots to know that the lying one will have a harder time because of it. He had already formed an opinion on other grounds, and interpreted the evidence to support his conclusion and [[BluffingTheMurderer pressure the perpetrator into confessing]].
* In ''Discworld/FeetOfClay'', Vimes is investigating an arsenic poisoning, when he finds a packet of powdered arsenic in his office just as authorities suddenly arrive in response to a tip-off. Vimes' response is to hide the arsenic and "plant" some coffee sweetener on himself, then eat it theatrically in front of the authorities to make the frame-up look like a ''clumsy'' frame-up. That's right, he ''framed his framers for framing him''.
* In Creator/AgathaChristie's "The Market-Basing Mystery" and ''Murder in the Mews'', [[spoiler: a suicide is made to look like a murder disguised as suicide with the intent of framing the person who drove the victim to take their own life.]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* Averted in ''{{Series/Justified}}'': Raylan finds a witness to one of Boyd's crimes (who had previously refused to give evidence) and intimidates him into testifying, but stops cold when the witness asks for a picture so he knows who he's supposed to implicate. Turns out he didn't give a vague description because he was scared; he genuinely didn't get a good look. When he offers to commit perjury to help Raylan put Boyd back in jail, Raylan immediately turns him down.
* In one episode of ''Series/{{Hustle}}'', a [[DirtyCop crooked DI]] tried to extort 10 grand off a friend of the team, so they gave her the perfect opportunity to extort ''them'' - that she would get the proceeds of their con, or she'd call the cops on them. Except, of course, they rigged it so all the evidence would point to her pulling off the con by herself, and then called the cops on ''her''. Her original wrongdoing is never brought up.
* This was used [[spoiler: and then averted]] in an episode of ''Series/LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'' called "Repression." An 18 year old girl recovered memories of her father molesting her when she was young and planted images of child pornography in her youngest sister's room, in the hopes that it would be enough to get him in prison. [[spoiler: However, the investigation later learns that the memory that was recovered wasn't a real memory, that her father never molested her or her two sisters. The typical SVU sadness kicks in because this was learned after her younger sister killed their father.]]
* An unusual case of this in the ''Series/{{Monk}}'' episode "Mr. Monk and the Critic": Thanks to work from Monk and Natalie, the police suspect theater critic John Hannigan of murdering his girlfriend Callie Esterhaus. So Monk, Natalie, Stottlemeyer and Disher confront Hannigan at his office to question him about drugging and raping an underaged girl - specifically Natalie's daughter Julie. Hannigan denies the accusation and claims he has never seen Julie before. This gives him away because Julie was performing in the play Hannigan was using as his alibi for the murder, and at one point in the show she has a solo, where she looks exactly like she does right now. The fact that Hannigan says he doesn't recognize Julie proves he wasn't at the theater at all, and was committing the murder. Goodbye, alibi.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedIVBlackFlag'': During the modern day portions of the game, you play as an Animus researcher working for Abstergo who is coerced by a mysterious voice in IT to hack into various computers and deliver information to the Assassins. Later in the game, Abstergo gets wise to this and imprisons you and your co-workers while they investigate to find out who did it. During this time, however, [[spoiler:your IT contact reveals himself to be a lunatic who's trying to get you possessed by a virtual ghost; when he fails at this, he tries to kill you and is shot dead by security]]. The evidence found in his files is more than enough to divert all suspicion from you. So, in the course of trying to eliminate you, he frames himself for the crimes you actually committed.
* A very odd variation happens in ''VideoGame/DragonAgeInquisition'' during the "Wicked Eyes and Wicked Hearts quest. The "guilty" party is [[spoiler: Grand Duchess Florianne]] attempting to frame [[spoiler: her brother Gaspard]] for the murder of [[spoiler: Empress Celene.]] He has nothing to do with her plans, but he is making his own moves [[spoiler: by moving in chevaliers and mercenaries to lead a coup.]] While [[spoiler: Gaspard knows nothing of what Florianne was planning, it is unknown if Florianne knew Gaspard was making a move.]] Given that Orlais is a DeadlyDecadentCourt where the nobility literally make a game out of political intrigue, it's more than likely [[spoiler: Florianne]] knew [[spoiler: her brother]] was up to ''something'', even if [[spoiler: she]] didn't know the exact details.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In one ''Webcomic/SchlockMercenary'' arc, the good guys blew up a reality TV network, and planted evidence to frame its CEO for the disaster. They would have gotten away with it, but someone else planted even more evidence, framing them for being in cahoots with the (actually innocent) CEO. They had a lot of trouble defending themselves against the false charges, because if they gave their real alibi they would have revealed their real crimes.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Sort of used on ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad!'', when a series of [[HilarityEnsues improbable events]] happened to make Stan [[AbuseMistake look like a wife-beating]] [[MistakenForPedophile child molester]]. Stan's solution was to find somebody who, while innocent, ''[[AssholeVictim deserved]]'' the punishment anyway. They wound up framing it on a co-worker of Roger's who had screwed him over. The fact that the police found (legal) neo-Nazi apparel -- and that the detective in charge of the case was a ''Holocaust survivor'' -- was a rather handy bonus. Another bonus: Stan specifically describes his plan in a way that seems to point to the U.S. overthrowing Saddam Hussein, who likewise deserved to get overthrown even though he was innocent of the specific crime he was accused of.