A sort of odd mishmash of UsefulNotes/{{Japan}} and UsefulNotes/{{China}} (with occasional bits of [[UsefulNotes/{{South Korea}} Korea]] and Southeast Asia), mixing various stereotypes about "the Orient" in general. Expect to see [[EverybodyWasKungFuFighting kung-fu or other martial arts]], panda bears, chopsticks, lots of bowing, shrines, burning incense, CherryBlossoms, paper fans, [[GratuitousNinja ninja]], [[InstantAwesomeJustAddDragons dra]][[DragonsUpTheYinYang gons]], and billowing clothing.

Part of the reason for this may derive from the 19th-century history of East Asia, during which only Japan, China, and Siam (now UsefulNotes/{{Thailand}}, which isn't technically East Asia) successfully resisted colonization by and loss of national identity to Western (or, in the case of the Koreans and [[UsefulNotes/{{Taiwan}} Taiwanese]], Japanese) cultural hegemony. For slightly more than two generations, then, most Westerners were familiar only with the Japanese, Chinese, and Siamese cultures.

Has mostly become a DiscreditedTrope, and split off into individual tropes for [[ThirtySecondsOverTokyo Japan]] and [[LandOfDragons China]]. It is, however, still often deliberately used in several fantasy settings, especially in those that use [[CultureChopSuey mishmashed]] cultures for other regions, for [[ArtisticLicence creative purposes]], allowing a mixture of different cultural aspects for original WorldBuilding, instead of creating a straight up FantasyCounterpartCulture, and is also sometimes used for the sake of RuleOfCool. In many [[RolePlayingGame RPGs]] set in a MedievalEuropeanFantasy world, there will be [[{{Wutai}} one region, country or town]] that pretty much defines this trope (or the related subtropes). This occurs often even in games ''made in Japan'' (in fact, it seems to be even more prevalent in [[EasternRPG JRPGs]]).

For the UsefulNotes, see UsefulNotes/TheFarEast.



[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]
* ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' has the country known as Xing which is based mostly off of China but has some Japanese included, as well such as certain Japanese words and {{Ninja}}. It's the second most important country since an alternate form of alchemy was created there.
* ''Anime/MoribitoGuardianOfTheSpirit'' is set in a CultureChopSuey Far East country based on a weird amalgamation of Goryeo Korea, Heian and Edo Japan, and a bit of Tang China thrown in for a good measure. Though this is clearly the AlternateUniverse and author being a professional culturologist and anthropologist she really [[ShownTheirWork shows her work]] here.
* ''LightNovel/TheTwelveKingdoms'' also have the similar setting, although this time the Chinese influence is much greater. It too is generally better executed than is the norm.

* Brilliantly parodied in the ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' story ''Discworld/InterestingTimes'', set in the Agatean Empire, also called the Aurient (as they have lots of gold). Included HighlyVisibleNinja, sumo, a Red Army (who were also the Terracotta Warriors), a Great Wall, gunpowder, court intrigue (with bowing), Noh plays (a working title for the book was "All Wok and Noh Play"), and some "oriental" features that we all know were invented in the west, like fortune cookies and Willow-Pattern china. The Agatean Empire has a Grand Vizier too, not only in ''Interesting Times'' but in Discworld/{{Mort}} as well. "Vizier" was originally an Arabic word and "Grand Vizier" specifically was mainly used by the Ottoman Empire. The idea was to parody every concept that the Western literature has about the Far East, ancient or modern, by taking it to its (il)logical conclusion.
** "Agatea"'s original fusion of Japan and China has since been expanded to take in Thailand and Malaya ("[=BhangBhangDuc=]")and a suspiciously familiar, to Koreans, pickled cabbage with seriously explosive side effects has been introduced, called ''grimchi''.
* Seen in the segment of ''Literature/IfOnAWintersNightATraveler'' titled "On a Carpet of Leaves Illuminated by the Moon." It's set explicitly in Japan and is about a student learning something vaguely Zen from a stern master. Falling gingko leaves replace the image of CherryBlossoms.
* The country of Nippon in ''Literature/HisDarkMaterials''. It's mentioned in passing by the worldly Lee Scoresby, but you can most likely ascertain the details from the name and main setting.
* ''Literature/TheInitiateBrother'''s setting is, by authorial intent, a blend of Japan and China. The geography is similar to China: a large continental country with ocean to the east, sparsely-populated wilds to the north, east-west rivers, and a north-south grand canal. The political system is also similar to imperial China, with a succession of dynasties (rather than a single sustained-but-sometimes-sidelined one, as in Japan). However, personal names are mostly Japanese-sounding, and clothing and armour seem to be basically Japanese too.

[[folder:Live-Action TV ]]
* ''Series/{{Firefly}}'': Runs with a definite "pan-Asian" mish-mash as its background rather than one that is specifically Chinese.

[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]
* The ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}}'' fantasy {{R|olePlayingGame}}PG setting Yrth includes a pseudo-Asian nation called Sahud, which was founded by a random mix of Chinese, Korean and Japanese peasants transported from Earth by the Banestorm. The involuntary settlers attempted to rebuild their social system from their confused memories of what the upper classes ''looked like from afar'', and "modern" visitors will find themselves in a land that seems to be half Gilbert and Sullivan's ''The Mikado'' and half ''Creator/MontyPython's Literature/TheTaleOfGenji''.
* ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'':
** The supplement ''Oriental Adventures'' (first edition) portrayed a setting with Japanese [[UsefulNotes/RoleplayingGameTerms character classes]] and Chinese kung fu styles (along with some Indonesian weaponry). The more recent edition was less of this, making it clearer what elements came from which culture (and tells the reader flat-out that samurai don't belong in China or India -- hah), but still threw an entire continent together into one big mish-mash.
** Interestingly when ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' published a ''TabletopGame/ForgottenRealms'' campaign setting for medieval Asian themed fantasy (Kara-Tur) some of the complaints where that it didn't follow this trope ''enough'', choosing dry historical cultural accuracy at the expense of a less straight, but arguably [[RuleOfCool more entertaining]] setting, especially considering that the rest of the world was already made up of several regions running on mixed cultural tropes. It might not have helped that the states added in Kara-Tur were so FantasyCounterpartCulture that in one case, the Tibet-analogue, ''they had forgotten to change the name of the country from Tibet in several parts of the description''. Several people complained that it might have worked better if there had been more Fantasy and less Counterpart in the cultures, and the history of the cultures. Clearly for some this trope [[TropesAreTools works.]]
** ''TabletopGame/{{Eberron}}'' has fun with its Asia-inspired country, the mysterious land of Riedra. Only this isn't your typical Asian-esque realm: think more North Korea with psychic powers and a dash of CosmicHorrorStory.
* The RPG ''TabletopGame/LegendOfTheFiveRings'' is all about this. For example, the staple food is rice and sushi. True enough for a clone of medieval Japanese culture, right? Except the Empire itself is modeled after China. As in: huge tracts of ''inland,'' a Great Wall (though on the southern border), and a curiously independent island chain off the eastern coast.
* TabletopGame/OldWorldOfDarkness ''Year of the Lotus'' event gave us East Asian settings for every game. They include ''[[TabletopGame/VampireTheMasquerade Kindred of the East]]'', ''[[TabletopGame/WerewolfTheApocalypse Hengeyokai]]'', and ''[[TabletopGame/ChangelingTheDreaming Land of Eight Million Dreams]]''. However, only the Hengeyokai are actually related to their counterparts in the rest of the world. The other two main books introduced entirely new types of supernatural creatures which, for some unclear reason, only exist in East Asia.
* Lampshaded in ''TabletopGame/{{Munchkin}} Fu'', where the background says the players are still arguing over whether they're in Tokyo or Hong Kong.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}''
** The dominant human empire in the east of the Old World is the Empire of Grand Cathay (an archaic name for China), which keeps the Hobgoblin Khanate and the Kurgan (Death Metal northern Tatars who nearly took it over around fifteen hundred years before the setting's present) out with the "Great Bastion", is ruled by the "Dragon Emperor" and is described as "Land of the Celestial Dragon Monks", home to serpentine dragons, Temple Dogs of living stone, mystical Ki-rin, cities of jade, terracotta soldiers and reclusive monkey warriors. Games Workshop claim it is based on a real life culture, [[SarcasmMode but to this day nobody in the Warhammer fandom has]] ''[[SarcasmMode ever]]'' [[SarcasmMode worked out which.]] [[BlatantLies Common consensus is that it is based on Swindon.]] Like most other civilized nations in the setting, it is often under threat from Norscan raids, Norscans being basically Death Metal Vikings who worship demons.
** There is also the kingdom of Nippon, on an island just east of Cathay, but little of it is known save that it is highly isolationist and home to a rigid caste system enforced by knights in elaborate armor of lacquered wood. South of Cathay lie also the Hinterlands of Khuresh, but little to nothing's known of them save that they are mostly covered in jungle.

[[folder: Video Games ]]
* In ''1701 A.D.'' there is a foreign culture called "The Asians" that only has one city. However, the leader is named Liang Wu (a Chinese name) and the cities always have Chinese names. The architecture is mostly Chinese, and the ships used in The Sunken Dragon are Chinese Junks. However, in Mission 9 of the Sunken Dragons, Ramirez, the pirate captain mentions the Asians eating Sushi, which is Japanese. In The Sunken Dragon, they worship the Fire Dragon, but Buddha statues are common in their holy city.
* ''VideoGame/DarkSouls'' features a foreign region referred as [[NoNameGiven Far East]], which appears to be a combination of Chinese and Japanese culture. Shiva of The East, one of the Forest Guards, borrowed the name of a Hindu god and was voiced by a Chinese voice actor.[[note]]Kuei Lin Hsu[[/note]]
* The ''Website/{{Neopets}}'' online game has an area known as Shenkuu, which is basically based around this trope.
* The land of Yafutoma in ''VideoGame/SkiesOfArcadia'', while mostly Japanese, has a number of Chinese influences as well, including a ''floating'' Great Wall.
* The ''Franchise/MortalKombat'' series' sustained inability to differentiate between Eastern cultures is a great source of amusement for people who actually can. [[Film/MortalKombat The first movie]] alone features a Chinese man going back to a monastery supposedly in China but obviously a Thai temple, greeted by monks dressed in Thai robes, and then a Japanese thunder god appears ([[RaceLift played by a white man]]). There is a good explanation for why so many of the ninja in the series are Chinese; despite looking like the modern day ninja archetype, they are part of a Chinese assassin cult known as the "Lin Kuei", which is explained as having been the progenitor of ninjas in Japan (such as Scorpion's Shirai Ryu clan). Bonus points for the Lin Kuei actually being ''real''. Though, despite superficial similarities they probably had very little to do with Japanese ninja, nor were they mercenaries, just a badass survivalist sect that happened to teach some no holds barred self-defence and had a penchant' for stealth and forest-dwelling. As in the games, they had a habit of abducting children from other villages to refresh their numbers, but they were more like highly-trained warrior bandits or even Chinese Native Americans than ''shinobi'' when its all said and done. Also, they never called themselves Lin Kuei; thats just the name outsiders gave to them. They still exist, but only as a small group dedicated to simply keeping the art alive (minus the child-abducting bandit stuff, of course).
* The world of ''VideoGame/JadeEmpire'' mostly avoids this by being about 90% based on ImperialChina, with fantasy touches such as magic and gunpowder-propelled rocket planes. However, there are dashes of other Asian cultures thrown in: Some of the hairstyles are more Japanese than Chinese, many of the houses look Thai and Laotian, the protagonist runs [[NinjaRun like a ninja]] in [[BulletTime Focus Mode]], and Silk Fox resembles a ([[HighlyVisibleNinja stereotypical]]) ninja. [[note]]More than a few cultures have depicted spies and sneaky-types the way modern-day people depict ninja, so this may not be a Japanese influence per se.[[/note]]
* In ''VideoGame/GuildWars'', the Far East is actually far south, combining elements of several Asian nations and some original ones, with the entire continent of Cantha. Would be a {{Wutai}}, expect the Canthan campaign is as large as the original generic fantasy one.
* Happened in ''VideoGame/WarcraftIII'' when the designers created a race of ''panda''-people whose culture and style of dress was overtly Japanese. When Chinese fans objected to having their national animal depicted as "Japanese", the pandas were re-designed to be more Chinese and less Japanese. As a result, the far south continent of Pandaria in ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft: Mists of Pandaria'' is explicitly Chinese-inspired.
* The ''Tengai Makyo'' games operate on this trope: Japan through the eyes of a 19th century American.
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyTacticsA2'' has the ''Eastwatch'', whose party members' names were Japanese.
* Occurs to a limited degree in ''VideoGame/Uncharted2AmongThieves'', in which there are a few statues of Buddhist gods in Hindu temples where they don't belong. (There is at least one variant of Hinduism that claims Buddha (as in, Siddharta Gautama) was an avatar of Vishnu, but that's probably not it.) Other than that, though, strikingly averted, going so far as to have [[BilingualBonus dialogue]] in the correct Tibetan dialect and accent for the region.
* ''VideoGame/MadWorld'': Asian Town, the second area, is brutally {{lampshade|Hanging}}d as being TheThemeParkVersion of Asia in general. It has ninjas, geishas, sumo wrestlers, and various ways to [[VideogameCrueltyPotential horribly murder people with fireworks]]. Lampshaded when the VoiceWithAnInternetConnection Amala points out that the people who designed "Great Wall Street" probably haven't even seen a real Chinatown, let alone Asia. In ''VideoGame/AnarchyReigns'' there is a place called "Hong Long" where there are plenty of Asian styled things. It seems to be styled more after China, and at one point Baron says "it's a motherfucken ninja, straight outta Japan."
* In-universe example in ''VideoGame/VampireTheMasqueradeBloodlines'' when you are sent an email asking you to undertake a quest at Kamakazi Zen in Chinatown. Your contact doesn't know why it's got a Japanese name either (and it's spelled incorrectly).
* ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 3}}'''s ''Operation: Anchorage'' DLC takes place in a VR simulation of the reclamation of Alaska from the [[RedChina Chinese Communists]], but they also have [[McNinja futuristic ninjas]] (complete with [[InvisibilityCloak stealth camouflage suits]]) wielding katana-style swords, and their commander can be talked into committing {{seppuku}} at the end. Note that an actual Japanese samurai, wielding a katana and donning Japanese armor, makes an appearance in Mothership Zeta as an alien abductee. One character repeatedly refers to him as "Chinaman" until another corrects him.
* ''VideoGame/ShadowWarrior'' is set in a mishmash of Chinese and Japanese culture -- starting with player character Lo Wang, a Japanese, katana-wielding ninja with a Chinese name.
* ''VideoGame/AdventureQuestWorlds'' has Yokai Island, which is explicitly based on Japan, but celebrates Lunar New Year in an obvious Chinese style.
* ''VideoGame/Wizard101'' plays this straight in the world of Mooshu. The sister game ''Videogame/Pirate101'' downplays this by dividing Mooshu into a mostly Chinese half and a mostly Japanese half, with the cultures blending together in between.
* ''VideoGame/EarthBound'' has Dalaam, a vaguely Indian place existing on a FloatingContinent. The mystical training that Prince Poo receives there has strong overtones of UsefulNotes/{{Buddhism}}.
* Koei's ''Crimson Sea'' and its sequel are set in a sci-fantasy future which mishmashes Chinese and Japanese elements in terms of costume and weapon design. The main character is virtually a {{Wuxia}} hero with a plasma shotgun.

* Though the culture is strictly Japanese, other elements of ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick's'' Azure City are decidedly... O-Chul. They also worship the Twelve Gods, the animals of the Chinese zodiac. [[http://www.giantitp.com/comics/oots0209.html "What is this Japan you speak of? I have never heard of it before."]]

[[folder: Western Animation ]]
* ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'' plays with this. Although the entire planet is a mish-mash of Asian cultures, each actual nation is largely based off of a single culture, or the cultures of a few culturally and geographically similar countries. It's all actually very logically done.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLegendOfKorra'' (the SequelSeries to the above-mentioned ''Avatar'') puts a twist on all this by updating the setting to its equivalent of TheRoaringTwenties. Furthermore, Republic City presents a justified version of this trope by being a melting pot metropolis, complete with "Little Italy"-style ethnic enclaves.
* Parodied on an episode of ''WesternAnimation/{{Catscratch}}'', where neither Mr. Blick nor Gordon can apparently tell the difference between China and Japan, in spite of claiming to have always wanted to visit China.
-->'''Mr. Blick:''' Soon enough I will fulfill my dream of going to China. Land of the geisha.
-->'''Waffle:''' That's Japan.
-->'''Mr. Blick:''' Land of miso soup.
-->'''Waffle:''' That's Japan.
-->'''Mr. Blick:''' Land of cherry trees.
-->'''Waffle:''' ...''That's still Japan.''
-->'''Mr. Blick:''' Ah, China.
* ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill''
** Hank's new neighbor Kahn goes to some length to explain that he's Laotian, as in "from Laos." Hank and his buddies aren't sure whether that means he's Chinese or Japanese.
** Amazingly, of all people, ''Cotton'' gets his ethnicity right. This may have something to do with the fact that Cotton served in the Pacific Theatre of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, and thus had some actual exposure to the peoples of the region. Also, in a later episode, Kahn tries to earn membership to an Asian-American country club, but needs to get Hank to join as well (the club is looking for a "token white guy" in order to deflect accusations of racism). At one point, Hank asks Kahn to translate what a few of the members are saying, with Kahn responding "They're speaking Chinese. Do I ''look'' Chinese to you?!" Hank just stares back with a poker face.

[[folder: Real Life ]]
* By the same token, how many local TV stations called their weekly showings of old kung fu movies something like "Samurai Theater"? More generally, it's common in Western speech to refer to eastern martial arts as either "karate" or "kung fu" regardless of what it is.
* Many Asian-Americans work in restaurants based on countries they have no relation to - e.g. sushi restaurants staffed entirely by Chinese - relying on the average customer's inability to notice the difference. Better yet, the practice of restaurants offering a random variety of foods with varying or dubious Asian origins, especially in smaller towns. It's not uncommon, though somewhat jarring, to visit a Chinese buffet with sushi on the menu. Some places have the good sense to identify themselves as "Asian/Pan-Asian restaurants," but most do not. Wiki/{{Wikipedia}} has an [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Chinese_cuisine article]] about it.
* In Europe, that happened/happens mostly when the local people already thought a certain dish was Chinese (because it was Asian) and the Chinese/Taiwanese immigrants who set up restaurants basically went 'Sure, why not?'. In the Netherlands for instance, most of the dishes they consider Chinese are actually Indonesian. Some of these "Indonesian" dishes were created by enterprising Chinese setting up shop and adapting to the local ingredients and customer base. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Indonesian_cuisine Wikipedia]] has an interesting article on this as well.
* An odd expansion of this trope can be found in the term "Pacific Rim", used (mostly in the western United States) as a sort of code for generic Asian. Thus a "Pacific Rim Festival" will offer foods, crafts, entertainment and whatnot from a wide range of Asian (and, to be fair, Polynesian) cultures, many of them quite far from the Pacific Ocean (one may well find Indian dishes being offered), while utterly ignoring the fact that the actual region also encompasses such places as eastern Russia, Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Peru, Colombia, El Salvador, Mexico and the western parts of Canada and the US. The [[Film/PacificRim film of the same name]] averted that exclusion; the main cast includes Japanese, American, Russian, Chinese, and Australian pilots. The [[AllThereInTheManual supplementary material]] manages to catch most of the other Pacific cultures. The only two characters in the cast who are ''not'' from the Pacific Rim are a pair of European scientists, there in a purely advisory capacity.
* There's an important immigrant Asian community in UsefulNotes/{{Chile}}, almost all of them Chinese and Korean, and they are a very unified community which adds to the confusion of the average Chilean who can't see the difference. For example, a shopping center owned by Korean and Chinese families is named after the street where is located, but everyone knows it as the "Chinese Mall", so they display that name in the billboard.