A rather silly form of Theme Naming is to name characters after food and drinks. This tends to be done in comedic and child-oriented works, because it is very difficult to take someone named Sausage seriously. However, such a character may be afforded some dignity by being named after a food in a foreign language; somebody named Okonomiyaki sounds rather more impressive to an English speaker than one named Pizza.
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Anime and Manga
Many characters in Part 5 of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure are named after Italian foods. Examples include Pannacotta Fugo, Risotto Nero, Melone, Cioccolata, Gelato, Sorbet, Prosciutto, Pesci, Formaggio, and Mario Zucchero.
The heroes of Sorcerer Hunters are all named for foods, mostly sweets or pastries ("Tira Misu" and "Marron Glace", for example).
Akahori seems to be a fan of this, since the main cast of Chivas 1-2-3 is named after liquor and Knights of Ramune has much of its cast named after other, more child-friendly drinks. See Saber Marionette J below for more of his work.
Likewise the five girls of the two main Galaxy Angel casts are also all named after foods, mostly desserts. Both Karasuma Chitose and Iyazoi Natsume, each the Sixth Ranger of her group, have fairly normal Japanese names. The villains of the Galaxy Angel video games have an alcohol theme going on, which explains Tequila's possession in the first game in which she appears.
Dragon Ball used this a lot, in addition to other forms of theme naming:
Full blooded saiyans are named after vegetables: Kakarot (carrot), Nappa (a type of cabbage), Vegeta(ble), Raditz (radish), Broly (broccoli); "Saiya", is an anagram of "yasai", meaning "vegetable"....
The henchmen of Frieza, an enemy of the saiyans has several henchmen named after fruits: Cui (kiwi), Dodoria (durian), Zarbon (the Japanese name for the pomelo). Much later, it is revealed that the ancient enemy of the saiyans is the Tsuffles, or "tsufuru" in Japanese, which is an anagram for "furutsu", or "fruit".
The sentai parody team the Ginyu Special Corps has members named after dairy products, Ginyu (cow's milk), Butta (butter), Gurd (yogurt), Jheese (cheese), Reacoom ("Rikumu" is an anagram for "kurimu", or "cream").
Goku and Satan's mutual granddaughter gets two references: "Pan" which is Japanese (and Spanish, and Portugese, and...) for "bread," as her father's name, Gohan, means "rice;" they're both carbohydrates and staple foods, and it also refers to the satyr, Pan.
In the filler episodes of Piccolo Jr. Saga, Mr. Popo sent Goku to a forest and met Mousse. He, his wife Eclair, and all nine children are named after sweets: Crepe, Cookie, Cocoa, Creampuff, Jam, Jelly, Donuts, Pudding, and Cupcake.
In Dragon Ball Z, every Namekian besides Piccolo is named for Slug, Snail or a dish which uses those as the main ingredients. (Everyone in Piccolo's family is named after musical instruments.)
This also applies to other characters like Kuririn (the "kuri" means chestnut), Puar & Oolong (types of tea), etc. Supposedly, Akira Toriyama did this so it would be easy to remember character's names.
The girls of Tokyo Mew Mew are all named after plants or desserts, and their last names follow the pattern of Color Place (Momomiya = Peach Shrine, Midorikawa = Green River, etc.) Their alien foes are named after filled pastry items (Quiche, Tart, and Pie).
The names of the Kurosaki siblings in Bleach are all puns on fruits. (Ichigo = strawberry, Karin = quince, Yuzu = citron)
In Naruto, all of the known members and aspirants of the Seven Shinobi Swordsmen of the Mist (with the exception of the most likely non-canon Raiga Kurosuki from Filler) have surnames dealing with produce: Momochi (momo = peach), Hoshigaki (dried persimmon), Hozuki (Chinese lantern fruit), Akebino (akebi = chocolate vine), Kuriarare (kuri = chestnut), Munashi (nashi = Asian pear), Ringo (apple), and Suikazan (suika = watermelon). Even Chojuro, who has Only One Name, is named after a particular type of Asian pear.
The Musk Dynasty in Ranma ˝ has Herb, Lime, and Mint, while the Phoenix Tribe has Saffron (after the rice), Kiima (after keema), Koruma (from "korma", a curry dish) and Masara (masala, a mix of spices.) Herbology martial artists Pink and Link have Theme Twin Naming. The Guide (who is named after his profession) has a daughter named Plum. And let's not forget Lychee, from Big Trouble In Nekonron, China. Pantyhose Taro (who was baptized and named by Happosai) fell victim to a whole other kind of Theme Naming, but he met Rouge, and a different Saffron.
In Air Gear, the Noyamano sisters (members of Sleeping Forest) are nicknamed after fruits: Rika (pear blossoms), Ringo (apple), Ume (plum) and Mikan (tangerine). Ringo's name is lampshaded when Rika threatens her by crushing an apple while hinting obliquely at her fate should she disobey.
Rosario + Vampire has vampire sisters named Moka/Mocha and Kokoa/Cocoa, their elder Karua/Kahlua, and their adopted (and thus named not quite to theme) sister Akua/Aqua.
Just about the whole family is part of the theme naming father Issa(lit. "one [cup of] tea"), Kahlua and Kokoa's mother Gyokuro (a type of green tea), and dog Earl Grey.
In Yes! Precure 5, the mascots are all named after food; Coco and Nuts (their names are a pun on 'coconut'), Milk, Syrup. All the Palmier Kingdom inhabitants, simply put.
Similarly, in Fresh Pretty Cure!, not only the mascots, Chiffon and Tart (not the ones mentioned above), follow the same pattern, but the Cures also do, as their Cure forms are named after fruits: Cure Peach, Cure Berry, Cure Pine (as in 'pineapple', not 'pine tree'), and Cure Passion (as in 'passionfruit').
Early in One Piece, Usopp's "pirate crew" is made of 3 little boys named Carrot, Pepper, and Onion. Their hairstyles resemble the food they're named after.
Most of the characters (and all of the place names) in King Of Bandits Jing are named for alcoholic beverages. "Jing" is actually supposed to be "Gin" (the spelling is intentional on the author's part, since "Gin" would connote a much different pronunciation in Japanese); Kir (Jing's bird sidekick) is a liqueur; and their signature attack "Kir Royale" is a cocktail made with said liqueur.
One of the Sailor Moon movies has a team of villains who are all named after sweet items.
The antagonists of Detective Conan are given liqueur codenames like Gin, Vodka, Vermouth, Kir, etc.
Most of the main female casts of Dog Days are named after bread and sweets, either in their first or last names - Princess Millhiore F. Biscotti, TsundereEclair, Mad ScientistRiccotta, SamuraiBrioche d'Arquien, Ninja Yukikaze Panettone, etc...
VS Knights Lamune & 40 Fire, and its Hotterand Sexier OAV Knights of Ramune/VS Knights Lamune Fresh have this trope, although the latter seems to have a lot more characters to this effect.
Season 2: Ichigo (strawberry), Ringo (apple) and Sango (maple)
Thanks to most of the characters in Anpanman being themed around food (some actually being the food that they're themed around), this is very common. A few non-food characters named after food include Uncle Jam (Anpanman's father figure), Batako (meaning "Butter Girl", Uncle Jam's assistant), and Cheese (Anpanman's pet dog). Also, all of the horses are given food names based on who their owners are (Hamburger Kid has Pickles, Yakisobapanman has White Sauce, Croquette Kid has Ketchup, and Princess Salad has Vinegar).
The Kitashirakawas in Tamako Market all have names related to mochi:
Tamako is named after their mochi shop Tamaya—"-ya" is a business suffix and "-ko" is a feminine name suffix.
Anko is named after the red bean paste filling.
When you put the names of their father Mamedai and grandfather Fuku together, you'd get Mame-daifuku, Tamaya's specialty. Lampshaded in episode 10.
One episode of the Pokémon anime featured an elderly woman named Abigail and her Pikachu, Sugar, who was named such because it helped her to bake cakes.
Every Sugar Rush character from Wreck-It Ralph, most of whom use the specific sub-genre of candy. Where they got the name Muttonfudge, nobody knows.
Brand-name junk foods are used for this purpose in Idiocracy, where Joe Bauers' attorney is named Frito and the President is Dwayne Elizondo Mountain Dew Herbert Camacho.
In What a Girl Wants, two of Daphne's debutante friends are named Peach and Pear. They apparently have a sister named Parsnip; she doesn't get out much.
The Penderghast family in Easy A are all named after food. Daughter/Protagonist Olive, Mother Rosemary, Father Dill and Brother Chip.
Anything Japanese in Good Omens is named after food, including a model of car called the Wasabi and a ship called the Kappamaki.
The Fudge series gives us Farley "Fudge", and Tamara "Tootsie." Peter lampshades this at one point by commenting that his parents really wanted a candy shop.
Apparently Vicky Holmes was hungry when she wrote the Warrior Cats book SkyClan's Destiny... it introduces cats named Egg, Nutmeg, and you could even count Velvet if you think of red velvet.
Many of the rats in The Amazing Maurice and His Educated Rodents are named after food (like Dangerous Beans, Peaches and Sardines) or words related to food (like Additives and Nourishing). This is because they have learnt a lot of their vocabulary from reading food packaging.
Two countries on the Discworld are named Djelibeybi (jellybaby) and Hersheba (Hershey bar). Word of God is that Pratchett came up with Hersheba upon finding out that many of his American fans didn't get the jellybaby pun, which led him to wonder which US-specific candy he should have named it after instead.
In Bored of the Rings, thanks to Parody Naming, most members of the Fellowship are named after foods or soft drinks: Frito, Spam, Moxie, Pepsi, Legolam, Gimlet, Arrowroot (exceptions: Goodgulf, Bromosel). There's also the tensions that boil over between the fair city of Minas Troney and the foul city of Chikken Noodul.
Live Action TV
In-universe example in the BBC comedy drama Cruise of the Gods. The creator of a short-lived cult sci-fi series finally tires of the fandom trying to find hidden meanings in the exotic character names and reveals that they were all just anagrams of dishes at his local curry house. (And you're right, it does stretch credulity that nobody would have noticed this before.)
On Glee, all of Will's love interests are named after food: Terri Delmonico (a type of steak), Emma Pillsbury, Suzie Pepper, and Rachel Berry.
Holly Holiday. While Holly is technically edible, it's only edible in the sense that you can eat it, not that you should.
Richard Cheese and all of the other members of Lounge Against the Machine, including Bobby Ricotta, Frank Feta, Billy Bleu, have a cheese theme naming.
The members of the Madolche card archetype in Yu-Gi-Oh! are all named by a portmanteau of a word related to what they are, and a dessert name. Thus, you have the cavalry rider Chouxvalier, the Ridiculously Cute Critter Cruffsant, and are ruled by The High Queen, Tiaramisu, and they all live in the Madolche Chateau (y'know, like "gateau").
The Frost Five in Soul Hackers. Strawberry Frost, Lemon Frost, Melon Frost, Milk and Curry Frost, Blue Hawaii Frost.
In the obscure Game Boy RPG Great Greed (also known as Vitamina Kingdom), all the friendly NPCs and regions have food-related names. For example, the five princesses are named Candy, Cup Cake, Truffle, Gum Drop, and Citrus.
Gum Drop: ...so the programmer gave us strange names, you have a problem with that?
In Leisure Suit Larry 6, all of the girls Larry has a chance at scoring with are named after alcoholic beverages, from Char Donnay to Thunderbird.
Likely in reference to Super Mario World, New Super Mario Bros. U's levels are named are food too. Layer-Cake Desert, Frosted Glacier, Soda Jungle, Rock-Candy Mines, Meringue Clouds and Peach's Castle. The first is also arguably Level Ate, with giant cakes and ice cream in the scenery.
Kitchen Island from Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3 includes Rice Beach, Mt Teapot, Sherbet Land, Stove Canyon, SS Teacup, Parsely Woods (with Fork Tree as a major sub-location) and Syrup Castle. Incidentally, the pirate leader (Captain Syrup) is also named after food, as is her group of minions (Black Sugar Gang).
The names of two (out of five) of the lead characters of Tales of Phantasia is a gag about Mint and Watercress salad, although the "joke" is Lost in Translation because the hero's name is consistently romanized as "Cless."
Practically everyone in Magical Starsign. There are different naming themes for different groups of characters. For example, the moles are named after cheeses, and the dwarves are named after sauces. Just to name a few more: the solar system where the game takes place is called Balkava, there's a school principal named Biscotti, a police officer named Brie, two salamanders named Chowder and Bisque...
In Brave Fencer Musashi, most of the inhabitants of Alucaneet Castle are named after meat (eg. Princess Fillet, Acrobat Sausages, Scribe Shanky, Butler Livers) while most of the characters from the Thirstquencher Empire are named for drinks (Gingerelle, Bubbles, etc.).
Most of the major characters in Steambot Chronicles are named for seasonings — with pretty much anyone else who's at all significant being named for a non-edible plant if they ran out. Lampshaded in-game — when you look at the spice rack of Mrs. Echinacea, it says the jars contain seasonings. Or people, it's hard to tell.
Two of the main female characters from Cla Dun: This is an RPG are named after dessert foods (Pudding and Sherbet).
The Pinatas in Viva Pinata are named after candies and dessert foods (Mousemallow, Taffly, Horstachio, etc.)
In Disgaea: Hour of Darkness, the angels are named after desserts. Flonne (pronounced as flan) and Seraph Lamington are examples.
Tail Concerto has the twofer food reference with its main character Waffle Ryebread, and his assistant is named Panta.
Its Spiritual SuccessorSolatorobo follows suits. Not only do Waffle and Panta make appearances, but the main character's sister is named Chocolot Gelato. A lot of the NPC s have food names as well, ranging from obvious to obscure: Toffee, Biscuit, Frito, Raisin, Vanille, the quest broker Flo Financier (short for "fromage", cheese, and a financier is type of cake), Frassier (another cake), Suzette (as in crepe suzette), Kouglof (a french dessert)... In other words, talking about the cast of this game is like reading the menu of a French diner.
In The Curse of Monkey Island, members of the Goodsoup family have soup-related first names like Minnie Stronie and Wonton. There is also a guest at their inn named Charles de Goulash.
Partially subverted in The Secret Of Monkey Island with the Fetuccini Brothers. While the brothers' surname and Alfredo's first name play this straight, Alfredo's brother is named Bill.
In Cooking Mama, Mama's daughter is named Ichigo (strawberry) while her son is named Ringo (Apple).
In Pokémon Vietnamese Crystal, some of the Pokemon names are mistranslated as food items. For example, Sandslash is called Bread, Venonat is called Corn, and Flaaffy is called Pea.
Every single gym leader in Pokémon manages to have a Japanese name that is both the name of a plant or fruit, and has something to do with their Pokémon type. The English names are simply type references.
The five 'Partners' or 'Stat Trainers' of the fourth generation games are named after cereal grains in most translations.
In Pokémon Black and White 's English translation, there are gym leaders named Cilan (cilantro), Chili, and Cress (watercress). They are also waiters, and their names still correspond with their preferred type (Grass for Cilan, Fire for Chili, and Water for Cress).
The names of Death Adder's minions in Golden Axe are all references to alcoholic beverages (with some of the spellings changed to avoid trademark infringement): we have Heninger (Henninger), Longmoan (Longmorn), the Zuburoka (Zubrowka) amazons (whose individual members are named after different brands of vodka), the Bad Brothers (a mistranslation of "Bud", as in "Budweiser") and the Bitter knights.
Toro Inoue the Sony cat/Mascot was named for his love of fatty tuna. Fittingly, his owner who gave him the name is a sushi chef note "Toro" translates to "tuna meat".
In Wario: Master of Disguise, all the villains are named after Italian food. Namely Count Cannoli (named after an Italian dessert), Carpaccio (named after a meat dish) and Tiaramisu, named after another dessert. They're named after Italian cooking terms in Japanese.
In the Famicom Disk System version of Wardner, the hero is Prince Ŕ la Mode of the Choux Kingdom, and the princess is Purin (Pudding) of the Custard Kingdom.
All of the chefs in the Cooking Academy series have names like Henri Fromage note French for cheese and Xavier Benedict.
In Robotrek, the characters from the planet Choco are named after pastries.
Most of the locations and buildings in Harvest Moon: Tree of Tranquility are named after a confection of some sort. (Waffle Town, Ganache Mine, Mt. Gelato, Caramel River, Brownie Ranch and Sundae Inn to name a few.)
In Adventurers!, Karashi's sister's name is Mizuna. Karashina and Mizuna are both Japanese mustard plants. Not a coincidence; when the two square off against each other, the name of the story arc is "Mustard Wars".
The Warhammer 40,000 fan webcomic Gone to Ground's Imperial Guardsmen's names are chock full of this trope — Sergeant Cooke, Private Eggleston (who's nicknamed 'Eggs' by his friend anyway), Corporal Hamm...
Cucumber Quest is the story of Cucumber and his sister Almond, seeking to save the Donut Kingdom and its various food-named inhabitants from an ancient evil. Along the way, they even run into a Quirky Miniboss Squad whose members are named Bacon, Lettuce, and Tomato.
Trigger Star: The Five-Man Band (including the Team Pet) and most of the antagonists are named after food items. For instance: the "hero" is Avocado Guacamole and the Big Bad is called Black Licorice.
Shotgun Shuffle gives us the seven Buckingham girls, who are all named after foods, particularly spices. Ellie's birth name is Lavender, but she legally changed it the second she turned eighteen, which annoyed her parents.
Team CFVY of RWBY has this not just in the team name (it's pronounced "coffee"), but also for its individual members: Coco is named for the cocoa bean, Fox is named for fox hunter pie, Velvet is named for red velvet cake, and Yatsuhashi shares his name with a Japanese sweet made with bean paste.
All the characters on Chowder are named after food. (Chowder, Panini, Schnitzel, Gazpacho, etc.)
In Biker Mice from Mars, the Plutarkians are all named for cheeses — for example, Lawrence Limburger, who certainly lives up to his name.
As the title indicates, all the members of the Sushi Pack (and their Evil Counterpart, the Legion of Lowtide) are named after the kind of sushi they are.
Mac and Cheese from Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends. Then there's Coco, Berry, Fluffernutter, Crackers, and Nuts. (The last two were each one-shot joke characters, with Nuts not even appearing in an actual episode).
The Proud Family has Dijonay and her siblings named after spices. Cinnamon, Nutmeg, Basil, Salt, Pepper, Dijonay (obviously), Cayenne, Paprika, and Tabasco.
The Apple family. For example, the most important characters who come from said family are named Applejack note a drink made with apples, Apple Bloom note referring to the flowers that grow on the tree before the fruit, Big McIntosh note a kind of apple, and Granny Smith note another kind of apple.
Applejack: I've got apple pie, apple fritters, apple tarts, apple dumplings, apple crisps, apple crumblers, and apple brown betty... uh, the dessert, not my auntie.
Also, Pinkie Pie works for Mr. Carrot Cake and Mrs. Cup Cake in a bakery, and also babysits their children, Pumpkin Cake and Pound Cake.
Pinkie's last name isn't a one-off, either; she's a member of the Pie family. In a Season 4 episode, we meet her sister Maud Pie.
In "Pinkie Pride", guest star "Weird Al" Yankovic provides the voice for a pony named Cheese Sandwich.