[[quoteright:300: [[Film/{{Charade}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/murder_name_2916.jpg]]]]

The murder victim makes a final effort to identify his killer. To use this convincingly, the author must give a good reason why the victim left a cryptic message instead of writing the killer's name. The writer is rarely asked to justify whether the AlmostDeadGuy would have the energy or foresight to leave a message at all; this is also called the "dying message". Compare ApocalypticLog.

If what they used to write was their own blood, see also CouldntFindAPen. See also HisNameIs.
!!The message was incomplete

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* A ''Manga/DetectiveConan'' mystery had the dying message "△╳◯" on the back of an envelope; further forensic evidence revealed a fourth symbol, "☐", but it also turns out that the victim had tried to write a name and the top half of the name had been ripped from his hands by the murderer.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In ''ComicBook/TheBatmanAdventures'' #6, the dying man whispers "Rose..." What he wanted to say, but didn't have the energy, was [[spoiler:"The rosewood grandfather clock conceals a secret passage, and that's how the killer got in and out." It would have been much less cryptic if he'd skipped the adjectives and just said "the clock".]]
* One comic saw small-time villain The Ventriloquist, or Arnold Wesker, shot in the head in a theater; the killer also took the time to stomp on Wesker's dummy Scarface. Wesker uses his last moments to arrange Scarface's fingers into a street name that proves helpful to the investigation.

[[folder:Films-- Live Action]]
* Parodied in ''Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail'', with the Last Words of Joseph Of Arimathea: "[[AC:Seek Ye The Grail In The Castle [=AAAAAAaaaaaaargh=].]]" [[spoiler:As it happens, the message ''is'' complete - the Grail is literally in the Castle Aaaaaaaaargh, a.k.a. the French castle from the start of the film.]]
--> "Maybe he died while writing it."
--> "If he was dying, he wouldn't bother to carve 'aaaargh', he'd just say it!"
--> "Perhaps he was dictating."

* Creator/ElleryQueen's ''GI Story'': A man is murdered by one of his three stepsons (Wash Smith, Linc Smith, Wilson Smith, named after the Presidents), leaves the message "GI". But all three were former soldiers. [[spoiler: He was trying to write "GEORGE" for George Washington Smith. But he died after completing the downstroke on the E.]]
* Ellery Queen's ''The Scarlet Letters'': Adulterer is shot by a jealous husband, writes the message "XY" before dying. [[spoiler: He and the husband were in a conspiracy to blackmail the wife. He was trying to write "XX" to signify a double-cross.]]
* Creator/EdwardDHoch's ''This Prize is Dangerous'' (rewritten into ''Leopold Lends a Hand''): There are three deaths related to the theft of some icons. The third victim dies in his apartment / office, making no effort to call police or an ambulance, instead writing out "Icon". [[spoiler: He'd committed the first two murders, and had been shot during the second. He tried to patch himself together, but when he realized it was hopeless, tried to write out "I confess to the murders of (victims)", but died after writing four letters.]]
* In Creator/LarryNiven's ''Literature/ThePatchworkGirl'', the victim leaves "NAKF" [[CouldntFindAPen written in his own blood]] on the rocks of the lunar surface. [[spoiler:He was trying to write "NAKED" indicating that his killer was naked: i.e. not wearing a space suit, which is quite a trick out on the surface of the moon.]]
* Parodied in ''The Big Over Easy'', the first of the Literature/NurseryCrime series, where the obnoxious ace detective mentions a case in which the victim pointed at an object which was an anagram of the first half of the killer's surname, and the detective regards this as an entirely reasonable combination of "the victim pointed at an object that related to the killer's name" and "the victim tried to say the killer's name but died halfway through".
* ''The Seventh Sinner'' by Elizabeth Peters: the dying man scrawled "VII". Now which of the group of seven tourists should be considered the seventh? [[spoiler:He was actually starting to write "Virginia," the name of one of them whom most of the group knew only by her nickname]].
* Subverted in one murder mystery short story as we witness the soon to be murdered protagonist (a judge) due to his height attempting to cleverly write some initials of his killer in the dust on his door frame only to find out that he's got who's getting ready to kill him completely wrong and his message will now mislead any investigation and frantically but too late tries to erase the message.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* In ''Series/TheMentalist'' a man who knows Red Johns identity is killed by him and manages to scrawl "He is Mar" on the wall in his own blood before dying. While Red Johns real identity was eventually revealed it's still not clear what exactly he was trying to say.
* ''Series/{{Frasier}}'': In the first season, Martin is haunted by the [[MyGreatestFailure one case he couldn't solve]]--a prostitute's murder. He's especially driven to determine the killer's identity before the prostitute's mother, who has recently been diagnosed with cancer, dies. The only clue he has is a photograph of the victim's body, with the word "HELP" written next to it. [[spoiler: As it turns out, she was trying to write "SHELBY"--as in the name of the police detective who murdered her and then proceeded to cover up the crime. She died while writing the "B", and Shelby himself deliberately erased the "S" to throw the cops off the trail.]]
%% Note: This weirdness is caused by the Unicode character [[http://www.fileformat.info/info/unicode/char/25b3/index.htm "WHITE UP-POINTING TRIANGLE" (U+25B3)]] which reacts oddly in the font Firefox uses for it.
* ''Series/DeathInParadise'': In "A Murder on the Plantation", the VictimOfTheWeek writes the letters 'J O H' [[CouldntFindAPen in his own blood]]. The killer erases the message anyway.
* ''Series/{{CSI}}'': In "Passed Pawns", the VictimOfTheWeek writes the letters 'D E' [[CouldntFindAPen in his own blood]] as he lies dying. Not that it helps the [=CSIs=] very much in the end.

!!Dying people lack clear elocution

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* A victim in ''Manga/DetectiveConan'' who was burned alive couldn't even speak clearly, so he settled for grabbing an umbrella as the dying message. [[spoiler: The umbrella was an oblique reference to UsefulNotes/OdaNobunaga, whose role the murderer played while on a tour group.]]
** In the ''Manga/DetectiveConan'' movie "Captured In Her Eyes", a police officer who was murdered appeared to point to his notepad in an effort to leave a DyingClue, since he didn't have enough strength left to talk. However, the officer was actually pointing to his heart. In Japanese, the Kanji character for "heart" also appears in the word for "psychiatry." He was attempting to identify his shooter as [[spoiler: the psychiatrist who'd been called in to treat Rachel's amnesia. Said psychiatrist had formerly been a surgeon until a doctor he worked with "accidentally" slashed his hand, keeping him from ever performing surgery. He later learned that the doctor had done it deliberately, so he murdered him. Several years later, the cop mentioned earlier began looking into that murder and he was beginning to catch on that the not-so-good doctor was the killer, so he had to die.]]
* In ''Anime/{{Naruto}}'' Jiraya's throat has been crushed and he is unable to say who "Pain" is. With his dying breath, he burns a clue onto an old toad's back that looks like a series of numbers at first glance. Naruto, however, notices that the first "9" is actually a "Ta" kana that Jiraiya miswrote, and with the help of Shikamaru and Shiho, finds clues in the first words of specific pages of his "Make-Out Tactics" book. The message, once decoded, reveals the existence of a seventh "Pain" who controls the other six.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In the ''ComicBook/{{Tintin}}'' story ''The Secret of the Unicorn'', a man who has been shot is too weak to speak - but he points to a couple of sparrows as he passes out. [[spoiler: He was shot by his employers, the ''Bird'' brothers, because he wanted to quit their employ.]]
** Changed in [[WesternAnimation/TheAdventuresOfTintin the movie]] to him leaving bloodstained fingerprints on the letters in a newspaper to spell a ship's name.

[[folder:Films-- Live Action]]
* In ''Film/{{Charade}}'', one murder victim writes the name of his murder on the carpet.
* On ''Film/MarathonMan'': "Doc" Levy arrives, mortally wounded courtesy of NaziGrandpa Dr. Szell, to the apartment of his brother "Babe" and dies in his brother's arms gurgling all the while. He is completely unable to provide any information (and it's possible he wasn't going to even try), but unfortunately for Levy both Szell and his minions are completely unable to believe that Doc ''didn't'' do that and drag Babe into the whole international intrigue... in a literally tortuous fashion.

* Ellery Queen's ''Diamonds in Paradise'': Victim steals diamonds at the Paradise Gardens Casino, but falls from a fire escape fleeing police. When asked where he hid the diamonds, he replies "Diamonds in paradise". [[spoiler: He was trying to say "Diamonds in pair of dice". He had a specially hollowed out pair in his pocket.]]
* Ellery Queen's ''The Last Woman in His Life'': The victim announces he will be changing his will to disinherit his three ex-wives (Alice Tierney, Audrey Weston, and Marcia Kemp) as he will be marrying his true love Laura. He is murdered that night, and dies saying "home". [[spoiler: The killer was his lawyer Al Marsh (nee C. Aubrey Marsh), who had an unrequited attraction for the victim. The victim had had a stutter even before he was stabbed and couldn't risk saying "Al" (Alice), "Marsh" (Marcia), "Aubrey" (Audrey), "Lawyer" (Laura), "Attorney" (Tierney), or "Man" (Laura Mannzoni). He was trying to say "homosexual".]]
* A ''Seven Minute Mysteries'' had an incomprehensible dying message typed out on a keyboard that made sense once the detective realized [[spoiler: that the victim had swapped all instances of the letter "c" with "v" and vice versa]].
** An Literature/EncyclopediaBrown story did the same thing, but with the variation that the victim survived but had amnesia.
* In Creator/IsaacAsimov's juvenile mystery story "Try Sarah Tops," a jewel thief who'd been mortally wounded by his double-crossing accomplices flees into a museum, then gasps out a cryptic phrase before dying. It sounds like he's suggesting the cops ask someone named "Sarah Tops" where he's hidden the loot, but in fact he'd tossed it into the nearest exhibit, a ''Triceratops'' skeleton.
* In a novel by Creator/JohnDicksonCarr, the victim says before dying to the person trying to assist him "It was your gloves". [[spoiler:It had previously been established that the victim only spoke French and that a TranslationConvention was being used. In French, "your gloves" is "vos gants", which sounds similar to the murderer's name "Vaughan".]]
* Played with in Creator/KimNewman's ''Literature/AnnoDracula'', where a victim, in her dying spasm, grabs the trouser leg of the attending doctor. The protagonists jokingly suggest that she was trying to tell them the killer's name was "Sydney Trouser", or that she was aiming for "Mr Boot" and missed. It takes them much longer to discover what the audience by this point already knows: that it was the doctor who did it.
* In the ''Literature/SherlockHolmes'' story "The Boscombe Valley Murder", the victim and his son are alone in the woods at the time of his death and the son hears the victim say something about "a rat" before dying. What he was trying to say was "Black Jack of Ballarat", but the son only heard the last part. [[spoiler: The murderer was John Turner, a man who lived with the victim. Turner had spent his younger days in a gang called the "Ballarat Gang" and he had first met the victim when the victim was driving a stagecoach that the gang intended to rob. Turner had the opportunity to kill the victim then, but didn't. Years later, Turner encountered the victim again and the victim, without a penny to his name, threatened to tell the police what he knew about Turner if Turner didn't support him and his family. This was all well and good until the victim wanted to marry his son to Turner's daughter. Turner wasn't having it, so he killed him. Turner's name in the gang had been "Black Jack of Ballarat."]]
* In one short story, a detective looks into the murder of a rock singer. The singer grabbed his guitar as his final act and broke two strings. Questioning the singer's girlfriend, manager, and two of his band members turns up nothing. [[spoiler: The detective's partner offers to play a song on the broken guitar, except the E and D strings are broken. One of the band members is named Ed.]]
%% Anyone have the name of the above story?
* In the Literature/NeroWolfe short story "Before I Die," Archie Goodwin is on hand to hear the last words of the victim of a drive-by shooting: "Shame. Goddamn shame." [[spoiler:What she was actually saying was not "shame" but "''Shane''", the name of her then-unknown accomplice, who had come up with his own idea to get money.]]
* There's a Literature/MissMarple short story where the AssholeVictim's last words are related as being something like "a heap of fish", so people assume he was delusional and ignore it. [[spoiler:Pilocarpine can be used to treat atropine poisoning. Atropine is an ingredient in the murderer's eyedrops, and the victim was a doctor who recognized his symptoms and was trying to call for the antidote. Unfortunately, he was surrounded by a housewife, a cook, and a deaf doctor, and he was slurring his words badly as an effect of the poison, so they all heard it as a "pile of carp".]]
* ''Literature/EightySeventhPrecinct'': In ''Lady, Lady I Did It'', one of the victims manages to gasp the word "carpenter" before dying. Investigation by the 87th Precinct fails to turn up a suspect who is named Carpenter or who works with wood. It turns out [[spoiler:the victim was actually saying "car painter" (i.e. the man who had recently painted his car) but his thick accent turned it into "carpenter"]].

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/BlakesSeven'': Victim writes 54134 on a touchpad. [[spoiler: He was trying to write SARA, but dying people also lack good handwriting.]]
* A ''Series/{{CSI}}'' episode features a seeming nonsense string of numbers left on a phone; the investigators soon realize that the victim was trying to write down her murderer's license plate number and began trying different combinations of numbers and corresponding letters on the number pad.
* ''Series/GameOfThrones'': Jon Arryn's dying words that "The seed is strong," turn out to mean Baratheon black hair is dominant over Lannister blond.
* ''Series/{{Monk}}'': In "[[Recap/MonkS2E3MrMonkGoesToTheBallGame Mr. Monk Goes to the Ballgame]]," the nonsense phrase that billionaire Lawrence Hammond said to a passing truck driver while dying after being shot in the chest, run over with a car, and crawling a great distance, "Girls Can't Eat 15 Pizzas," turns out to be a mnemonic device to a license plate on the killer's car.
** In "Mr. Monk Goes to the Dentist," Lt. Disher is half-conscious with laughing gas while in a dentist's chair and witnesses a murder; the victim keeps shouting "Barry Bonds, Barry Bonds!" When Disher awakes, there's no body in the room and the dentist denies it, so everyone thinks that the cop was hallucinating. It isn't until later in the episode that Disher and Monk discover that the dentist and victim had worked together to steal a huge amount of ''bearer bonds'' from a bank; the man was killed when he came in demanding his share of the loot, but to Disher's fogged mind, it sounded like the name of a baseball player.
* [[spoiler:Nikki]] from ''Series/{{LOST}}'' staggers out of the jungle, mutters something that sounds like "Paulo lies", and then collapses. [[spoiler: She's actually not dead, and she said "Paralyzed"; Nikki was bitten by a spider whose venom causes paralysis. The other survivors don't know this, though, so they bury her alive.]]
* An episode of ''Series/CriminalMinds'' had a detective, who had just made a major break in a case, carve "Jones" into a wall before dying from injuries sustained from Hurricane Katrina. It turns out [[spoiler: Jones was the name of the bar where the killer was gangraped, the act which drove her to kill]].
* In an episode of ''Series/FoylesWar'', the AssholeVictim has been killed at the time and place he'd arranged to fight the man who was having an affair with his wife, and his dying words were heard as her name, "Elsie." [[spoiler:In the end it turns out he was killed for unrelated reasons by a character named Leonard Cartwright, and is supposed to have been saying the ''initials'' of his murderer rather than the name of a woman who would almost certainly have been on his mind under the circumstances.]] To be fair to the show, it doesn't push this idea very hard.
* In ''Series/GetSmart'', the Dead Spy Scrawls are a specific shorthand designed to be left by dying spies.
* In an episode of ''Series/{{Castle}}'', the VictimOfTheWeek writes "LIE" in her blood on the ground before dying. [[spoiler:Turns out they were looking at it upside-down. She actually wrote the number "317", the number of a storage unit.]]
* ''Series/MurderSheWrote'': In "The Monte Carlo Murders", a dying victim seemingly tell Jessica (in French) that "the recording is in the fish". However, he was actually trying to tell her that "the recording was in the poison" (i.e. hidden in a can of rat poison): the French words for poison (poison) and fish (poisson) being very similar.
* In ''Series/{{Forbrydelsen}}'', Sarah Lund and [[spoiler:Meyer]] manages to corner the murderer in an abandoned warehouse. The duo, however, decides to [[LetsSplitUpGang split up]], which allows the murder to get the drop on [[spoiler:Meyer]] as he is alone and fatally wound him. He later dies from his wounds in the hospital, his lasts words being a repeated "Sarah". This causes InternalAffairs to cast their suspicion on Lund, but she points out that her and [[spoiler:Meyer]] was firmly on a LastNameBasis, so if he was going to accuse her, he never would have done so by calling her "Sarah". Indeed, it turns out that [[spoiler:Meyer was actually trying to say "Sara''jevo''", as it was a prominent part of what was written on his assailant's shirt.]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''VideoGame/DiscworldNoir'', a victim who was hung upside-down, blinded, and left to bleed to death scrawls a note in blood on the wall. The message is [[spoiler: a code-number for the hiding place of a mysterious relic, but it appears to be a name because it's written upside-down]].
* Parodied in ''VideoGame/TalesOfMonkeyIsland'', when [[spoiler: Morgan [=LeFlay=]'s]] rather lengthy dying speech (unheard by the player) is completely misunderstood by Guybrush, leading him to think that [[spoiler: [[MadScientist the Marquis De Singe]] killed her instead of [[BigBad LeChuck]]]].
* This shows up repeatedly throughout ''VideoGame/MarioAndLuigiPartnersInTime''. A key item in the game is a hastily-drawn sketch that Toadbert, an amnesiac Toad who was traveling with Princess Toadstool, made during Princess Shroob's attack on her; it depicts Toadstool wielding the powerful Cobalt Star as a weapon against the evil alien. Similarly, Toadiko, another of the Princess's companions, is strapped to a tree that sucks out Toads' "vim," or life energy, to power Shroob operations. As Toadiko is drained of the last of her vim, she murmurs "Gather...shards...", prompting the Mario Bros. and their baby counterparts to [[GottaCatchEmAll seek out the shattered Cobalt Star and restore it]]. [[spoiler: But they have it all wrong. The sketch, which needs to be cleaned off later in the game, doesn't show Princess Toadstool using the Cobalt Star as a weapon--it shows her using the Star to seal [[BiggerBad Elder Princess Shroob]] inside of it. Similarly, Toadiko was apparently trying to warn the Bros. ''not'' to gather the shards, as reassembling it was the key to setting the giant alien free again.]]

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* ''VisualNovel/DanganRonpa'':
** In the first case, victim leaves the numbers "11037" on a wall. [[spoiler:She actually wrote the killer's name, Leon, upside-down and backwards; the diagonal stroke in the N was mistaken for a smudge. Further complicated by the fact that the investigators are Japanese high school students who aren't as familiar with English, though apparently Japanese players caught on quickly.]]
** The second victim in the third case says the name of his killer, but cannot talk clearly as he had been bludgeoned to death. His last words are "...a...k... Yasuhiro". [[spoiler: The culprit, Celestia Ludenberg (real name Taeko Yasuhiro), uses this to frame Yasuhiro Hagakure, whom she had intended to take the fall for the murders, but it's pointed out that the victim had a idiosyncratic habit of referring to people by [[FullNameBasis their full names]](original) or [[LastNameBasis their last names]](localization).]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Subverted in WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons' "Who shot Mr. Burns":
-->'''Lisa:''' And with your last ounce of strength you pointed to "w" and "s", or, from your point of view, "M" and "S" for [[spoiler: Maggie Simpson]].
-->'''Burns:''' What? No. With my last ounce of strength I sucked out my gold fillings.
** Played straight in the deleted ending: Burns did purposefully land on the letters "w" and "s"... [[spoiler:for Waylon Smithers]].

!!Victim didn't know the killer's name
* Ellery Queen's ''E=Murder''
* In the Dr. Sam Hawthorne story, "The Problem of the Locked Caboose," the victim leaves the word "Elf" written in blood. [[spoiler: Turns out that he was writing the German word for eleven. The only thing that he knew about his killer was that they were in berth 11.]]

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* In ''VisualNovel/PhoenixWrightAceAttorneyDualDestinies'', the victim, a bomb case specialist, is killed by a bomb squad member. Since this was the first case they had worked together, she was unfamiliar with his name, so instead wrote down his ID number, "L1001 5R". Unfortunately, a bombing that occurred not long after tore the ground up, getting rid of the "R". Then to make matters worse, her killer hid the message, then when he later knocked someone else unconscious, and altered it so that the L & 1 looked like a W, and the 1 became a D, turning it into "WOODS", to make it seem like the assault victim was accusing Juniper Woods of their attack.

!!Other messages
[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* In another ''Manga/DetectiveConan'' story, an unintentional dying clue is left on the little toe of a famous artist by another artist: she paints her signature on him as a prank before he kills her in a rage over her art.
** A subversion of this trope occurs in one storyline in which the killer mistook a note written by his victim for one of these. It turned out to be a normal message about the guy's dry cleaning, "Bring my tux," but it was written in English which the killer couldn't read. He stole the note and was proven guilty when it was found on him because he hadn't dared throw it out for fear it would be found and incriminate him.
* Coded dying clues pop up quite a bit in ''Manga/TheKindaichiCaseFiles''
** One involved a Japanese keyboard (which became a letter-shifting code in English)
** One involved Morse code (using different forms of Kanji to represent dots and dashes)
* In the ''Stardust Crusaders'' arc of ''Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventure'', [[spoiler: Kakyoin]] is killed by Dio, who uses [[spoiler: his Stand's ability to [[TimeStandsStill stop time]]]] to expedite the killing. In his last moments, though, [[spoiler: Kakyoin uses the information on Dio's movements that Hierophant Green received to deduce how The World operates, and blasts a clock tower. This "stops time" for the tower]], giving Joseph the information he and the others need to have even a remote chance against Dio.
** in ''Diamond is Unbreakable'', [[spoiler: Shigechi]] discovers Kira's latest 'girlfriend'. Wounded and about to be vaporized, he uses one last Harvest to bring one of Kira's buttons to Josuke and Okuyasu, giving them the first clue to the identity of a serial killer who has been killing undetected in Morioh for the past fifteen years.

[[folder:Films-- Animated]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/TheIncredibles'', doomed missing superhero Gazerbeam has the foresight to scrawl the villain's secret password "Kronos" in the cave, so that future superheros hiding behind his body and looking out through his skull can see it.

[[folder:Films-- Live Action]]
* The man on the second floor of the Voltaire club in ''Film/MysteryDate'' manages to leave clues about who killed him, and where to find the MacGuffin on the wall in his own blood before dying. [[spoiler:Unfortunately, he misspells the killer's name, he writes the clue as an allusion to a Chinese legend, and the killer's younger brother erases the message and steals the other piece of evidence]].

* A variation occurs in the 1986 solve-it-yourself comic ''Whodunnit''. A murdered chemist had arranged bottles of chemicals in a row on his desk before he died, and the cops couldn't figure out what they would be used for. The hero realizes that the chemical symbols on the bottles spelled out the killer's name. Justified in that this was actually a PRE-dying clue: the scientist knew he was in danger from the guy, and stalled him long enough to casually arrange the bottles.
* Ellery Queen's ''The Glass Domed Clock'': The victim knocks over a glass domed clock and grabs an amethyst. [[spoiler:One of the suspects was a stockbroker (the clock resembled a stock ticker), who was born on February 29 (birthstone is an amethyst). However, other evidence indicates that the victim thought the suspect was born on March 1. Other evidence reveals that only one suspect knew the real birthdate and could have left that message.]]
* And yet ''another'' Ellery Queen example, the short story ''A Lump of Sugar''. Ellery and Inspector Queen spend the whole story discussing the possible meaning of the dying clue -- a lump of sugar in the victim's hand -- with respect to each of the suspects, until they realize [[spoiler:the killer was simply the one mostly likely to have a sugar cube in his hand: the mounted police officer.]]
* In ''Literature/WhoCensoredRogerRabbit'', toons create word balloons when they speak (unless they consciously choose not to). A word balloon containing Roger's final words is found at the scene of the crime, but it's ambiguous without knowing the way the words were said.
* ''Literature/MaroonedInRealtime'' by Creator/VernorVinge features possibly '''''the''''' most epic case of "murder victim writes cryptic final message" in the entire history of detective fiction. The murderer uses a uniquely science-fictional murder weapon that results in a ''three-decades long'', lingering death ''of old age'' for the victim, so she has time to write a final message over ''two million words'' long -- but the important bit is still so cryptic only one man could see it - and it's ''not'' her lover. This is because [[spoiler:the murderer is ''watching'' her the entire time, and would have destroyed anything that looked like a clue to his-or-her identity.]]
* Creator/AgathaChristie's ''Literature/AMurderIsAnnounced'' has one that doesn't quite count as a clue, as it's actually the reason she was killed, but similarly to the Roger Rabbit case above. Was it "She ''wasn't'' there"? or was it "''She'' wasn't there"? or maybe "She wasn't ''there''"? [[spoiler: "She wasn't ''there''".]]
** Another famous Christie example appears in ''Literature/MurderOnTheOrientExpress.'' When examining the AssholeVictim's room for clues, Poirot comes across a charred piece of paper that reads "--member little Daisy Armstrong." It turns out to be a vital piece of information: the victim, who was traveling under an assumed name, was responsible for the kidnap and murder of a child heiress named Daisy Armstrong, whose death prompted a massive string of tragedies for the Armstrong household. The note helps Poirot realize that he is not investigating a mere murder, but a deeply-rooted revenge plot. [[spoiler: It ultimately turns out to be a subversion, though, as the person who burned the note wasn't the victim, but one of the people behind the murder--he and everyone else involved deliberately taunted the criminal by sending the note, then tried to destroy it to remove all evidence of the Armstrong case and make the crime unsolvable. The charred piece was never supposed to be found in the first place.]]
* In a short story of ''Literature/TheSaint'' the Victim writes "COP", with people suspecting that the murderer was a policeman until Simon Templar realized the victim's nationality-- in the UsefulNotes/CyrillicAlphabet "COP" = "sor". The killer's name was Soren.
** Similarly, in one of Isaac Asimov's ''Literature/BlackWidowers'' stories the guest relates the tale of a Russian spy (that is, a Russian national working for the West) who left a dying message that nobody had been able to interpret: the letters E P O C K from a Scrabble set. The word 'epock' was meaningless and no anagram could be found either, so the spy's intention had been a mystery for more than twenty years. As always, Henry the waiter solves it, pointing out that the letters ''could'' be rearranged - to form 'CKOPE', which in the Cyrillic alphabet spells the word 'score'. This, along with a newspaper opened at the sports page (the ''scores'', gettit?) implied that the agent was trying to communicate the number twenty. The Widowers' guest is thunderstruck at this - in the code they used at the time, '20' meant "Government in firm control" and if they had known this, the Bay of Pigs invasion could have been called off.
* In ''Literature/TheSwanPrincess'', King William says "It's not what it seems, Derek. It's not what it seems!" in reference to the [[OneWingedAngel Great Animal]] that has attacked him. Derek has to figure out what he means by himself, eventually finding a book that describes shapeshifting in the library.
* Taken to rather ridiculous extremes in ''Literature/TheDaVinciCode'' ([[spoiler:dragging himself round an art gallery scrawling hidden messages on various paintings before arranging his dying body in a meaningful pose]]), since revealing the identity of the killer is not so important to the dying man as giving clues to the AncientConspiracy that he was killed to cover up.
* In the Literature/DirkPittAdventures novel "Iceberg", [[spoiler:Dr. Hunnewell's]] last words to Dirk Pitt are "God save thee!" Pitt later discovers [[spoiler:that Hunnewell wasn't just identifying Oskar Rondheim as his killer, but also admitting to being in league with him. The dying message was an excerpt from "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner", Rondheim's favorite story.]]
* In the ''Literature/ZacharyNixonJohnson'' book ''The Doomsday Brunette'', the murder victim Foraa Thompson scrawled a series of seemingly random symbols just before dying. Multiple characters [[LampshadeHanging lampshade]] the general contrivance and implausibility of the trope.
--> '''Zach''': Foraa's dying clue. She drew these symbols in the wine puddle just before she died. Maybe as some sort of veiled reference to her killer's identity.
--> '''Electra''': Why didn't she just write down the killer's name?
--> '''Zach''': Because that would have been too easy.
--> '''Electra''': So she spent her last nanos of life devising some arcane symbolic code?
--> '''Zach''': Well, apparently, lots of murder victims do it.
* ''Literature/TheThinkingMachine'': "His Perfect Alibi" features a rare variant in the which the victim manages to actually write down the name of his killer before expiring. However (as might be guessed from the title), the killer has a seemingly perfect alibi that makes it physically impossible for him to have committed the murder.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* Mentioned by name in the two hour pilot to the 1975 ''Series/ElleryQueen'' series. Inspector Queen catches up Ellery as his son arrives at a murder scene where a victim [[spoiler: pulled a plug out of the wall, stopping both her clock and tv]].
-->'''Inspector Queen''': "Almost as far fetched as one of your books...a dying clue which makes absolutely no sense...which means of course it's right up your alley."
* ''Series/TheAvengers'': Victim writes "COP", so everybody suspects Coppice is the murderer. Mrs Peel proves that the victim was Russian. In the UsefulNotes/CyrillicAlphabet "COP" = "sor". Sorrel is the murderer.
* The dying Inspector-General in ''Series/DongYi'' shows Dong Yi a set of cryptic hand signals before he died. The signals actually point out the identity of the killer, although it would take Dong Yi many years before she deciphered the meaning behind them.
* In the ''Series/{{Sherlock}}'' episode "A Study In Pink", the victim writes out the password for her online phone-tracker, so that the police could track her phone and find the killer.
* ''Series/MurderSheWrote'': In "The Great Twain Robbery", after being shot the VictimOfTheWeek crawls across the floor to pull a copy of ''Literature/TheScarletLetter'' off the bottom shelf of his bookcase.
* In the ''{{Series/Columbo}}'' episode "Try and Catch Me", a mystery writer murders her nephew by locking him in her airtight, walk-in safe. With the victim taking hours to suffocate, he has plenty of time to set up an elaborate dying clue, [[spoiler:altering a page of the author's manuscript so it reads "I was murdered by Abigail Mitchell" and concealing it inside a light fitting, then leaving a disguised arrow pointing to it. The victim was smart enough to know that Abigail would have seen any ''obvious'' dying clues when she opened the safe and removed them before calling the police, so concealing them in a way that only sustained investigation would reveal]] makes this example one of the better-justified uses of the trope.
* In the ''Series/DoctorWho'' episode "[[Recap/DoctorWhoS35E11HeavenSent Heaven Sent]]", the Doctor finds a skull and the word 'BIRD' scrawled in the sand. [[spoiler: It turns out to be the last message from the [[GroundhogDayLoop previous iteration of the Doctor]], prompting him to remember the story about the bird and the mountain of diamond.]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''VideoGame/CallOfDuty: VideoGame/ModernWarfare 3'', [[spoiler: Soap is barely able to choke out "Makarov knows Yuri" before dying. Price confronts Yuri shortly thereafter and we see Yuri's backstory.]]
* Romein [=LeTouse=] leaves a couple of dying clues in case 4-3 of ''VisualNovel/ApolloJusticeAceAttorney''. One is "the witness is siren", which is known at the beginning of the case. The other is a message in blood (initially smeared out by the murderer, but later made clear via forensic science). While previous versions of ''this'' were {{Red Herring}}s pointing to a false perp, this one is a real message, but not the one you'd expect: [[spoiler:it's his ''own'' Interpol ID number. He was an Interpol agent working a smuggling case, and died as a result.]]
* In ''VideoGame/BioShock1'', when you come face to face with Julie Langford, antagonist Andrew Ryan releases a gas into her office which kills her. However, the gas also fogs up the windows and before dying, she uses that to write the combination on her safe for you, leading to information you need for the next phase of the game.
* In ''VideoGame/ProjectFirestart'', one of the first things Jon sees on the ''Prometheus'' is a dead crew member lying next to the word "DANGER" written on the wall in blood.
* In the fifth case of ''VideoGame/LaytonBrothersMysteryRoom'', [[spoiler:the culprit tried making his female victim's death look like a suicide by using a perfume bottle to hold the poison. The bewildered, dying victim wanted to leave ''some'' mark to show she was murdered, so with her last strength she took the perfume bottle and hurled it at a nearby wall. Her actions weren't in vein, as the culprit, who didn't know she had done this, ends up calling calling the container a perfume bottle, before even the ''police'' have worked out what the shattered remains originally were. Just the final in the coffin that Alfendi and Lucy needed to arrest him.]]

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* In the ''VisualNovel/AceAttorney'' manga, a double subversion happens in Turnabout Gallows. Robin Wolfe, trapped inside the Den of Spiders, draws a spider on the armrest of the chair he was trapped in, which the police initially believe to be a clue since he had yelled to his family that a "spider man" had kidnapped him. In reality, Robin draws whatever is in front of him as a way to calm himself and come up with ideas whenever he's having trouble, and the drawing is dismissed as meaningless after it does not connect to any of the other evidence. Toward the end of the case, Phoenix notices that the spider [[spoiler: is drawn upside-down; Robin was trapped on the ceiling and tricked into thinking he was still on the floor by having everything else he could see turned upside down, but the spider was still hanging as normal, and thus appeared the way it did]], making the "clue" far more significant to the case than anyone, the victim included, thought at first.
* Played with in one of ''VisualNovel/VirtuesLastReward'''s bad endings. A dying woman writes [[spoiler:'dio']] in blood on her leg. This is a perfectly good dying message and would easily have revealed the killer, [[spoiler:[[ObviouslyEvil Dio]]]]...except for the fact, after her death, a reversal of that message was imprinted on her other leg, and ''that'' message [[RuleOfDrama just so happened]] to be the one everyone else saw and assumed to be what she wrote. So it instead looks like '016', and the cast- having recently discovered a room full of RidiculouslyHumanRobots- start searching for a robot with that serial number. Hilarity does not ensue, [[spoiler:especially because there ''actually is'' a robot with that serial number HidingInPlainSight amongst the cast, but she's completely innocent of any crime.]].

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''Franchise/ScoobyDoo'' episode "The Diabolical Disc Demon": The kidnapping victim leaves behind a short bit of sheet music. Near the end of the episode, the heroes realize that the notes spell out "ACE DECADE", the kidnapper's (and the VillainOfTheWeek's) name.
* A case from ''Manga/DetectiveSchoolQ'', early on in the anime. The victim is found dead in front of a computer, with a seemingly significant set of letters typed in. The resident InsufferableGenius tries every possible code to crack it, but fails until he takes the advice of TheAce [[TheHero Hero]], Kyu. [[spoiler:there ''was no code'' to the message, the victim literally wrote the killer's name onto the keyboard in kanji with their finger.]]
* PlayedForLaughs in ''WesternAnimation/OKKOLetsBeHeroes,'' when the characters [[ShowWithinAShow make a movie]]. Enid is murdered, and writes the killer's name "in her own [[ABloodyMess ketchup]]!" The joke is that Movie!Rad, looking at it upside-down, misreads the killer's name as "[[SdrawkcabName O.K.]]"

!!Since the author is dying, a frequent subversion is that the killer is actually able to use a dying message to his advantage -- either modifying it to lead to another party, or acting on the message themselves
[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* A bloody "S" is found on the wall of a stall where the murdered girl is found in ''Manga/DetectiveConan''; this turns out to have been planted by the murderer in question, but the victim left a much more definitive dying message on her cell phone. (And there was also more substantial proof of guilt.)
** In another mystery, Conan realizes that the scuff marks on a cabinet in the crime scene contained a dying clue that the killer had rearranged once he saw it.
** Similarly, a symbolic dying clue centered around shogi pieces was rearranged by the murderer, but unfortunately for her the blood had dried enough to leave marks on the table where the clue had been left.
** In an early mystery, a [[spoiler: despondent man committing suicide]] tried to plant evidence that he'd been murdered by his ex-girlfriend. The girlfriend's manager tried to cover up said evidence, but Conan notices him doing it.
** In yet another case, [[spoiler:the dying message is messed with ''twice'': once by the killer to frame someone else, and once by the person being framed to avoid suspicion, resulting in FramingTheGuiltyParty.]]
** The victim is in a museum that gives out custom pens to their employees, and the victim is an employee of the museum. It is shown on a security cam of the victim grabbing a exhibit card from a table and his pen, and scribbling something into the paper before throwing the pen away. [[spoiler:He was trying to scribble out the name of the other employee that the killer was trying to frame, but the killer purposely left a pen that had no ink on the table and then switched it out with a functioning pen later.]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* The mystery comic series ''ComicBook/TheMazeAgency'' had an example of this version using one of Jack the Ripper's famed messages.
* A ''Franchise/{{Superman}}'' comic book, "The Unauthorized Biography of Lex Luthor", starts with Clark Kent being framed for murdering a hack writer who was working on a Lex Luthor bio, when the victim supposedly wrote Kent's name with his blood on the floor. A lawyer working for [=LexCorp=] got Clark cleared by proving that the angle in which the letters were written didn't match the location of the victim's arm. [[spoiler: Luthor had the biographer killed, and framed Kent for the murder in order for his lawyer to clear him, thinking that Kent [[YouOweMe would owe Luthor a favor]].]]

[[folder:Films-- Live Action]]
* ''Film/{{Serenity}}'': Mr. U either didn't think that someone besides Mal would ever come back to his HackerCave or didn't have time to prevent the message from looping. His DyingClue thus leads the Operative right to Mal JustInTime for the big FightScene.
* In ''Film/{{Triangle}}'', with his last breath one of the murder victims manages to write "Jes" on the mirror using his blood. Too bad, Jess (the killer) sees it first and rewrites the message to her advantage.

* ''Something Wicked'' by Alan Gratz: Duncan is found dead with his son's name, MALCOLM, written in his blood, but the hero realizes it's a frame-up because Duncan and everyone else called his son Mal.
* The culprit in the Sherlock Holmes story ''A Study in Scarlet'' wrote RACHE on the wall to make the police think of a revenge killing by a secret society ...or that the murderer's name was Rachel.
** In "A Study in Pink", a loose adaptation of the story in ''Series/{{Sherlock}}'' [[spoiler: the victim did write RACHE, but she died before she could finish writing RACHEL, the password to her phone.]]
** In "Literature/AStudyInEmerald", a weird crossover between Sherlock Holmes and the Franchise/CthulhuMythos, the victim again wrote "RACHE" in the wall. [[spoiler:Turns out it was, indeed, actually the nickname of the killer.]]
* Creator/AgathaChristie's ''Literature/DeathOnTheNile'' has the letter J written in blood at the scene of the crime, but since Jackie, the obvious "J" person, couldn't have possibly committed the murder, Poirot deduces that it was made by the murderer trying to frame her. [[spoiler:Or, as it turns out, because they had a flair for the dramatic.]]
** Another Agatha Christie example appears in ''Thirteen at Dinner.'' After a young woman is murdered, Poirot and Hastings discover a note she had written detailing some kind of prank she was apparently playing at the titular dinner; a portion of the page has been ripped off, but it doesn't seem important, as the whole message is still legible. [[spoiler: Unfortunately, the killer deliberately tore the page in such a way that, in the portion of the letter hinting at who had put the victim up to the trick, the word "She" became "he," prompting the detectives to examine male suspects instead of focusing on the woman who was behind the whole plot.]]
* In the ''Literature/FatherBrown'' mystery "The Wrong Shape", the victim is found with a sheet of paper on their body which has typwewritten on it, "I die by my own hand; yet I die murdered!" with no quotation marks. The unusual shape of the paper (the upper left corner is snipped off, as it is on all of the sheets of paper in the room) and the presence of one less corner than sheets of paper leads Father Brown to realize that [[spoiler:a quotation mark was removed from a line of speech. The end of the story has a confession which indicates that the victim had been writing a story involving a man killed by hypnotism and the killer borrowed that last sheet to distract the investigators, snipped off the quotation mark, and burned the rest.]]
* A few cases in the book ''Minute Mysteries'' involve this, along with other books with mini-detective puzzle shorts. More often than not, they are a framing attempt made by the person writing the note, and it's left to the reader to find the reason.

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* On one episode of ''The Cosby Mysteries'', a reporter murders a British actress, writes Guy's phone number on her hand (to imply she was going to call him), and forges an entry in her diary to cast suspicion on her husband. However, Guy notices two mistakes: the forged diary entry uses the American spelling of "color" instead of the British one ("colour") and his phone number was written on her left hand which was the hand she wrote with.
* In an episode ''Series/ForensicFiles'', a murder victim writes out the word "ROC" on a wall in her own blood, which ins the name of one of her ex-boyfriends. It turns out that Roc is innocent, and the killer wrote that to hide his trails. Unfortunately, he left fingerprints on a nearby pizza box and made a phone call traced back to the scene of the crime.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''VideoGame/LaytonBrothersMysteryRoom'', the big mystery of the first case is that the victim was found with her hand inside her sandwich. At first it appears to be a dying message, as with her hand where it is among the ingredients, the first letter of each spells out "PHELPS", the [[spoiler:misspelled]] name of her lover. [[spoiler:The fact it's misspelled sets of a major red flag for Alfendi and Lucy that it's fake. Turns out that this was faked by the real killer who. on top of just trying to frame the boyfriend, used the dying message as a diversion for the real reason he put the victim's hand in the sandwich.]]

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* This happens often in the ''VisualNovel/AceAttorney'' games, and it's (almost) always misleading. In the second game, this actually provided a major clue -- because the message in question was ''spelt wrong'', and the victim was the framee's boyfriend (or at least [[HeIsNotMyBoyfriend a close friend]]). Only two written-in-blood messages have proven to be genuine (once in ''VisualNovel/ApolloJusticeAceAttorney'', another in ''VisualNovel/PhoenixWrightAceAttorneyDualDestinies''), and both still had twists to them.

!!Real Life
* Three words: "Omar m'a tuer". To this day, the Omar Raddad case is still unsolved. It is still not proven whether it was written by the victim or forged by a killer trying (and succeeding) to frame him. DNA evidence recently added more doubt to the mix.
** The grammatical errors in the phrase (it should read "Omar m'a tué") make it doubtful the educated victim would have written the message. Yet no-one can prove this definitively. And impending death might very well work a number on your wrting skills.
* When Scotland Yard officially closed the Whitechapel Murders case (Jack the Ripper) in 1988, a photo of Mary Jane Kelly not previously known to the general public came to light, [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/95/Srkelly.jpg (excessive gore warning!)]] in the background of which many people swear they can see the letter "M" scrawled on the wall in blood, or paint. Since Kelly was in no shape to do this as or after the killer exited, she would have had to do it earlier in the evening, at which time she probably would have been better off screaming. There seems little reason for the killer to write it, and at any rate, his writing would be neater. But clearly, the "M" exists only in the imaginations of some people who have stared at the photo a little too long. There also seems little reason for an "M." There was a suspect whose first name was Montague, but aside from the fact that he seems not to have become a suspect until after Kelly's murder, there's no reason to think she knew him; in other words, she couldn't have drawn his initial on the wall if she didn't know it.