[[quoteright:320:[[VideoGame/XCOMUFODefense http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/ILoveScience_2294.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:320:Looks like our soldiers brought us a full bag of spoils. [[JackBauerInterrogationTechnique Interrogate every alien that moves]], [[AlienAutopsy autopsy any that doesn't]], find their AchillesHeel and [[InWorkingOrder learn to use their weapons against them.]] ForScience]]

-> ''"I'm going to the crime scene to see what I can find out. You guys research the Polgara demon."''
-->-- '''[[Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer Buffy]]''', "[[Recap/BuffyTheVampireSlayerS4E14GoodbyeIowa Goodbye Iowa]]" and most other episodes

A [[MonsterOfTheWeek new monster]] has arrived in town and itís already [[TheWorfEffect beaten off our heroes]] once. Is it time to [[LetsGetDangerous get dangerous]]?

No. Itís time to hit the books.

Our characters head to the MagicalLibrary to consult the GreatBigBookOfEverything and the TomesOfEldritchLore. They search the OmniscientDatabase and scan samples with the EverythingSensor, possibly with the help of a HardWorkMontage. Only when all avenues have been exhausted will they [[MrExposition summarise their findings]] and formulate a [[UnspokenPlanGuarantee new plan]].

Doing Research is the favourite pastime of MrExposition, TheSmartGuy, the BadassBookworm and TheTeamNormal, and it is most common on MonsterOfTheWeek shows, although MysteryOfTheWeek has its fair share.

Where ScienceHero revels on this, ActionHero revels on TrainingFromHell and TimeToUnlockMoreTruePotential to achieve their goal.

Not to be confused with ShownTheirWork, which is about writers doing research.



[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* In "The Science of Magic" short preceding the film ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyEquestriaGirlsFriendshipGames'', Sunset decides to look into how the Humane Six's new magic works, with science. She ends up battered by magic and the results themselves are inconclusive.
-->'''Sunset Shimmer:''' Finally, after all this testing, I've come to a definitive conclusion! ''[cough]'' I have no idea how magic works in this world. ''[groan]''

[[folder: Literature ]]
* [[OnceAnEpisode Once a book]] in ''Literature/HarryPotter'', generally undertaken by Hermione.
* Alice's entire purpose as the scholar for Literature/TheWitchWatch involves doing research and so it's not surprising her first reaction to the situation is to hit the books.
* In ''Literature/SimpleComplications'' this is how Abigail contributes to both the ghost and coded documents plotlines.
* In ''Literature/TheGirlFromTheMiraclesDistrict'', before she goes to Norway, Nikita has her half-brother Kosma do research on berserks and Norse gods. She also repeatedly sends Karma photos and data about the {{Red Shirt}}s she killed so that the tech genius can figure out who hired them.

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]
* ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' involved research nearly every episode, although generally Buffy was patrolling while the other Scoobies hit the books.
** Angel had the same thing. Fred and Wes traded off or went together for research roles, sometimes with Cordelia joining in, though Gunn occasionally got in on it in season 5. Before Wesley joined the team in season 1, Cordelia did most of the research, often using the internet. Fred became part of the team in early season 3.
* Chloe on ''Series/{{Smallville}}'' regularly played this role.
* The science montages in the ''Series/{{CSI}}'' Franchise are halfway between this and HardWorkMontage.
* The title character of ''Series/{{Merlin}}'' does this very often, usually with the help of his mentor [[CoolOldGuy Gaius]].
* Many episodes of ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' involve one of them, usually Sam, trying to find out what they might be facing and/or how to kill it by this method. This is mostly done by him searching the web for odd occurrences first, then researching in the library.
* ''Series/{{JAG}}'': Bud Roberts often had this role, in the earlier seasons.
* This is one of Artemus Gordon's responsibilities on ''Series/TheWildWildWest''. He's the one who dives into the books - sometimes ''piles'' of them - in order to dig out and correlate any relevant bits of data. He's also usually the one who gets in touch with the "research department" and other sources of information back in Washington, D. C.
* Every episode of ''Series/MythQuest''. Alex and Cleo's father is lost somewhere inside a myth. Alex and Cleo take turns [[IntrepidFictioneer going into myths]] to look for him, but they never know what myth they'll be going into until they're in it. That, combined with the fact that changing the outcome of the myth would destroy the real world, means that one of them is constantly doing research about mythology and the specific myths they're in.

[[folder: Tabletop Games]]
* In the ''TabletopGame/NewWorldOfDarkness'', researching new threats can be crucial for a party, particularly for things like a [[OurDemonsAreDifferent Demon]]'s [[IKnowYourTrueName true name]] or a [[OurSpiritsAreDifferent Shadow spirit]]'s obscure-but-devastating KryptoniteFactor. This can be complicated -- or enhanced -- by the various {{Magical Librar|y}}ies, mundane and supernatural {{Mysterious Informant}}s, and [[ChainOfDeals highly demanding]] {{Knowledge Broker}}s that the researchers might need to consult.

[[folder: Video Games ]]
* In all games from the ''VideoGame/{{XCOM}}'' series, the only way to stop aliens from [[Main/AlienInvasion conquering Earth]] is to study them. This requires analysis of their equipment, biology, and later even interrogation (see page picture). All this take many, many working hours of the most brilliant minds on the planet.
** The same applies to ''X-COM'''s [[Main/SpiritualSuccessor Spiritual Successors]], such as the ''VideoGame/UFOAfterBlank'' series, ''VideoGame/UFOExtraterrestrials'' or ''VideoGame/{{Xenonauts}}''.
** ''VideoGame/MassiveChalice'' has made no secret that ''[[VideoGame/XCOMEnemyUnknown Enemy Unknown]]'' was a great influence on the game and as such it features a similar research mechanic.

[[folder: Western Animation ]]
* ''WesternAnimation/JackieChanAdventures'': One of Uncle's many {{Catch Phrase}}s is "We must do reeesearch!" Of course, given that many of the threats the cast faces are ancient and tend documented in historic texts and legend, it's generally applicable to the situation.