->Sometimes, I want to go to a crime reenactment and steal something; I'd make it an "enactment".
-->--Demetri Martin

On many a TrueCrime show (e.g. ''Series/TheFirst48'') and "help us solve crime X" programs (e.g. ''Series/AmericasMostWanted'', ''Series/CrimewatchUK'') or even on the [[NewsBroadcast National or Local News]] real crimes are acted out on screen for the viewer. Either by actors or by the actual victims with the perpetrators played by actors.

This is to help the viewer visualize the situation which might be otherwise tricky if there are a lot of details to take in in a relatively short amount of time. It can also just be used as filler in some shows. Sometimes these aren't the most tasteful things in the world in the cases of unsolved crimes. They retell the story melodramatically but in a way that prompts the viewer to enjoy the thrill of the gruesome crime and the knowledge that the culprit is still free.

While crimes are by far the most common thing to be given this treatment they aren't the only thing. Accidents may be dramatized this way, especially on "heroes of the emergency services" shows like the now defunct UK show ''999''. Historical events like battles often get this treatment in documentaries too.

See also {{Dramatization}}.
!!Straight Examples

* ''Series/AmericasMostWanted''
* ''AmericasDumbestCriminals'' makes use of goofy ones, usually exaggerating how dumb the criminal was in the process.
* ''Series/CrimewatchUK''
* ''999'' which recreates accidents instead. Ditto ''Series/{{Rescue 911}}''.
* Australia had a show like ''AMW'' & ''Crimewatch'' called ''{{Crimestoppers}}''. The UK had one called that too but it used CCTV footage and was generally for lesser crimes like shoplifting.
* The GameShow ''Murder'', where they recreate an actual murder scene, complete with blood-spatter and what-have-you, and then two bunches of CSI-wannabes have to try and work out who did it. And then they're told how the murder actually took place. With fictional crime scenes, this would be a great idea for a show. With real ones, it's kind of gross.

!!Fictional Examples


[[folder:Comic books]]
* In the first arc of ''Comicbook/{{Fables}}'', Bigby has Flycatcher recreate the ''result'' of the crime scene to test his theory that [[spoiler:there's more blood in the room than in the body of one person.]]
* The ''ComicBook/SinCity'' story ''Family Values'' has the main characters reconstructing a murder scene, gradually putting the pieces together over the course of the story.

* In Wilkie Collins' book ''Literature/TheMoonstone'' and the TV adaptation a doctor sets up a reconstruction of a diamond theft in which the thief unknowingly stole the stone while semi-conscious having had his drink spiked with laudanum and being already worried that the diamond wasn't safe. The circumstances are recreated by him taking laudanum again and giving up smoking which had already done on the first occasion. The reconstruction is successful and he steals the stone again (this time a dummy) while sleepwalking and talking to himself feverishly about the diamond needing to be be secure. At the time of the original theft, he puts the stone in his bedside cabinet whereupon it is stolen by the real thief who has witnessed him take it.
* In the ''Literature/SherlockHolmes'' story The Problem of Thor Bridge, Holmes reconstructs the death of the victim in order to show how she committed suicide and arranged for the gun to fall away from her and into the water to make it look like murder. She had already planted an identical gun in the belongings of the person she wanted to implicate.
* In the Inspector French book "Sir John Magill's Last Journey" by Creator/FreemanWillsCrofts, French reconstructs the journey in question, demonstrating how and when the victim was murdered.
* At the end of the ''Literature/LordPeterWimsey'' book "Five Red Herrings", Lord Peter re-enacts the events of the murder and the following day, proving his case as he goes. Possibly a ShoutOut to "Sir John Magill's Last Journey", which gets namechecked early on.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/TheMeetingPlaceCannotBeChanged'' has an interesting subversion - the good guys Mole convinces the bad guys that their [[TheDragon dragon]] can be rescued while he reconstructs a crime "on location". This is in fact a part of a desperate {{plan}} on his part.
* In ''Series/JonathanCreek'', Carla's news show does this and like pretty much every endeavor she is involved in, Jonathan (and presumably the writers as well) consider it in extremely poor taste.
* ''Series/DrakeAndJosh'' has an episode where the movie theatre Josh works at is hired as a setting for one of these, Josh gets hired to play the role of the criminal "the theater thug". He spends the rest of the episode being constantly arrested because the people who watched the show keep identifying him as the ''real'' theater thug.
* Used in an episode of ''Series/{{Monk}}'', where they did a report on Monk's 100th case and reenacted the murders.
* Parodied in ''Series/ThatMitchellAndWebbLook'', where Stone Age people are trying to reconstruct a murder in which someone was hit with a rock. The reconstruction involves hitting one of the "police" with a rock. This kills them, prompting one of the others to say "good reconstruction".
* Gus Hedges takes over the directing of one of these in ''Series/DropTheDeadDonkey'' for a new true crime slot in direct competition with ''Crimewatch'' - with predictable, over-the-top sensationalist results. However [[spoiler:the crime is solved before the segment can be aired]] and [[spoiler:the actual segment airs footage of George busting up a petrol station supermarket after his colleagues split him up from Anna]].
* Played for laughs (Just like everything else) in an episode of ''Series/PoliceSquad''. The gun they're using to reenact the killing is loaded, so the forensics team takes a lot of casualties as they try to reproduce the conditions in which the murder took place.
* ''{{Series/CSI}}'' gets into this, often with the team themselves doing it. Warrick was uneasy about it after Grissom used a fungus to make Greg's feet itch. Things like dummies and ballistics gel figured in a lot as well. And then sometimes they just do it digitally.
* ''Series/{{CSI NY}}'' is the same way. Mac's been known to demonstrate on Danny, and once he let Danny demonstrate on him by setting him on fire.
* Parodied in a ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'' sketch, where a policeman who attempts to reconstruct a domestic murder gets murdered himself. The same happens with the next policeman who tries the same thing, and the next one after that, and so on.
* ''Series/HumanGiant'' has a re-enactment of a [[GoingPostal workplace shooting rampage]] that goes wrong when one of the extras goes on a real shooting spree. Since the camera man dropped the camera while running away, the show makes a re-enactment of the re-enactment. The show ends with the host being shot by the camera man and a preview of next week's re-enactment of the host getting shot.
-->'''Wade''': When I heard that more people had died in the re-enactment of my killing spree than my actual killing spree, I was kinda mad... at first, then I thought it was pretty awesome.

* In ''Theatre/MarginForError'', Moe has Dr. Jennings, Denny, Max, Sophie and Horst go back to the positions they were in at the time of the Consul's death and a few minutes before, to test out different theories of how the Consul was killed. Moe himself stands in for the Consul.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* One feature of ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamOrigins'' is the ability for Batman to step up crime scenes and use Detective Mode to digitally reconstruct them.
* The Little Thief is designed to do this in ''VisualNovel/AceAttorneyInvestigationsMilesEdgeworth''. Inputting accurate evidence into it will provide the details of the crime.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Subverted in episodes of ''{{WesternAnimation/Doug}}'', where the reenacting is polemic and quite different from the incident it supposedly represents.