Country Music
aka: Progressive Country

"You're not supposed to say the word 'cancer' in a song.
And tellin' folks Jesus is the answer can rub 'em wrong.
It ain't hip to sing about tractors, trucks, little towns, and Mama, yeah that might be true.
But this is country music, and we do."
Brad Paisley, "This Is Country Music"

"Country music has only gotten rowdier and younger and more meat-headed. I can't be the only person to notice that country music videos these days are just rap videos with white girls."
Todd in the Shadows on modern trends in country music

Ah, country music. The American answer to Folk Music that is mostly associated with places like Kansas and men wearing cowboy attire unironically. Despite its widespread notoriety, country music is not unpopular, as proved by many musicians, and is in fact by some measures the most listened-to genre of music in the United States. Together with Blues it was a huge influence on Rock & Roll and Rockabilly.

Country music as a genre of its own originated in the 1920s in the United States, primarily played on string instruments, most notably the guitar, fiddle and banjo. It has its roots in the folk ballads of the Appalachian Mountains, which in turn descended from the various folk traditions of the British Isles. Depending on whom you ask, the offshoot genre of bluegrass might be referred to as "good country music". Modern mainstream country has progressed through a "Nashville sound" in the 1970s, which layered the string sections on heavily, and a 1980s pop-heavy "Urban Cowboy" sound inspired by the film Urban Cowboy, followed by a more traditional wave in the 1990s inspired by honky-tonk music. Modern mainstream country music has become a melting pot, ranging from more traditional acts such as George Strait and Alan Jackson to pop acts such as Carrie Underwood, and in-betweens such as Brad Paisley. Starting in the 1990s, a large number of pop and rock acts, ranging from Bon Jovi and Jewel to Kid Rock and the Eagles, crossed over to country with varying degrees of success. The crossover acts, in particular Taylor Swift, are often among the most divisive in the fanbase.

The New '10s saw the rise of "Bro-country", basically a combination of Testosterone Poisoning and modern rap influence, leading to jacked-up songs about partying in the woods with a hot girl. The Trope Maker of such was Florida Georgia Line's "Cruise", a review of which even coined the term "bro-country". Rap and R&B influences have continued to infiltrate the genre ever since, leading to acts such as Sam Hunt who are pretty much R&B in all but name.

On that note, the fanbase is stereotyped as being right-wing Boisterous Bruisers who personify the Deep South of Eagle Land. While such an portrayal is two-dimensional and uneducated, one must remember k.d. lang was blacklisted for being outspokenly pro-vegetarian (she didn't come out as a lesbian until after she felt she no longer had a country fanbase to alienate). And yet the Dixie Chicks were surprised when their fans turned on them after bad-mouthing George W. Bush (granted, the death threats were a bit much).

"Alternative Country" (sometimes abbreviated as "Alt-Country") is a loosely defined term that means, more or less, the attitude of Alternative Rock with a country sound.

See also: Country Rap and Alternative Country.

Country musicians:

  • Ryan Adams: An alt-country musician (mostly), he's experimented with other genres most notably indie rock and metal. He was married to former teen pop star Mandy Moore.
  • Trace Adkins: Baritone-voiced neotraditionalist/rocker who spent most of the noughties on top.
  • Alabama: Most popular band in the genre; most #1 hits for any country band. Named Artist of the Decade for the '80s.
  • Jason Aldean: A-list country singer known for being one of the more rock-oriented acts in the genre, and is currently the genre's most popular male vocalist.
  • Bill Anderson: Known as "Whisperin' Bill", a prolific singer-songwriter from the 50's onward.
  • Eddy Arnold: The man who brought pop-style crooning to Country, helping the music to evolve from its hillbilly roots. Jaw-droppingly prolific; his first hit was in 1945, and his final chart entry happened in 2008, a few weeks after his death.
  • Gene Autry: Major proponent of the "Singing Cowboy" subgenre in recordings, radio and film, especially in The 30's-40's.
  • The Band Perry: A popular band who had a crossover hit with "If I Die Young."
  • Dierks Bentley: One of the younger names in country music.
  • Big & Rich: Hot country-rock-rap duo.
  • Ryan Bingham: Modern practitioner of slide guitar.
  • Clint Black: Has had success mostly in the 90s.
  • Lee Brice: Popular songwriter and singer of the 2010s.
  • Garth Brooks: One of the best-selling acts in any genre, explosively popular throughout the 90s only to retire abruptly in 2001. Surprisingly, he only had one top 40 hit on the Hot 100. Often credited or blamed with reintroducing pop influences to country music. Named Artist of the decade for the '90s.
  • Brooks & Dunn: Most popular duo in the genre, most #1 hits for any country duo.
  • Zac Brown Band: One of the best selling bands of recent times.
  • Luke Bryan: A very popular modern country singer and currently rivaling Aldean as the genre's biggest male star.
  • Jimmy Buffett: More thought of as a pop singer, but much of his fanbase overlaps with country music.
  • The Byrds: Folk Rock turned Psychedelic Rock turned Country Rock pioneers.
  • Glen Campbell: A musician/actor who had a few number-one hits on the pop charts as well.
  • Johnny Cash: The genre's greatest legend.
  • Kenny Chesney: A massively successful star of the 00s. Mixes traditional country with a tropical/island sound.
  • Eric Church: Fast-rising country-rock singer.
  • Patsy Cline: Much-beloved classic female singer who, like Hank Williams, had her career tragically cut short.
  • Billy Ray Cyrus, whose debut album featured major break-out hits such as "Could've Been Me" and "Achy Breaky Heart", and would later be known for his role on the teen sitcom Hannah Montana.
  • David Allan Coe: A key figure in the decidedly un-mainstream "Outlaw Country" movement of the 70s. Recorded a couple of very dirty albums back in the day. At the behest of Shel Silverstein, no less.
  • John Denver: "Take Me Home, Country Roads" and "Thank God I'm a Country Boy" amongst others.
  • Diamond Rio: Popular 1990s band.
  • Joe Diffie: Novelty musician and balladeer of the 90s.
  • Dixie Chicks: One of the most popular (and controversial) all-female acts in the genre.
  • Bob Dylan: From the late 1960s on Dylan's music moved more into a country music direction.
  • Eagles: Mostly known for rock but had a few hits in country radio, and their material on their early albums was much more country-oriented.
  • Justin Townes Earle: Son of below mentioned Steve Earle.
  • Steve Earle: A country-rock musician who has had hits on both genre's charts.
  • Lefty Frizzell: Perhaps the most influential country artist ever along with Hank Williams.
  • Florida Georgia Line: Hot duo of the 2010s.
  • Kinky Friedman: Colorful singer-songwriter and leader of the Texas Jewboys. Also dabbled in politics by running for Governor of Texas in 2006.
  • Crystal Gayle: Loretta Lynn's younger sister, known for her smooth singing style, a number of big pop crossover hits, and her Rapunzel Hair.
  • Brantley Gilbert: One of the more rock-influenced artists nowadays.
  • Vince Gill: Former Pure Prairie League leader who became more successful as a solo act.
  • The Grateful Dead: Delved into country-rock in concerts and on several of their albums, which tend to be among their best-regarded studio efforts.
  • Merle Haggard: Legend who was one of the most prolific and esteemed singer-songwriters in country music history.
  • Tom T Hall: "The Storyteller", whose Slice of Life songs brought a new dimension to Country songwriting.
  • Hunter Hayes: A young up-and-comer of the new tens.
  • Faith Hill: Was a regular visitor to the pop charts in the late 90's, and is also known as Tim McGraw's wife.
  • Sam Hunt: A rising star of the 2010s.
  • Alan Jackson: Consistently acclaimed singer-songwriter who is known for his self-described simple songs, "everyman" disposition, and countless well-received recordings.
  • Jessie James
  • Waylon Jennings: One of the most respected country musicians ever, and a chief member of the outlaw movement of the 1970s.
  • George Jones: Was known as "the greatest living country singer," and often regarded as the genre's greatest vocalist.
  • Cledus T. Judd: The genre's most famous parodist. No relation to The Judds.
  • The Judds: Second most-popular country music duo (they were tops until Brooks & Dunn trumped them). After mother Naomi retired from singing, daughter Wynonna went on to a modestly successful singles career, and then her sister Ashley became a highly successful actress.
  • Toby Keith: One of the genre's more politically-oriented acts.
  • The Kentucky Headhunters: Prominent country-rock and Southern rock band.
  • Alison Krauss & Union Station: The best-selling, and perhaps best known, bluegrass group in the business.
  • Kris Kristofferson: Known for writing songs made famous by other people ("Me and Bobby McGee" was popularised by Janis Joplin), but also well-regarded in his own right as both a singer-songwriter and actor.
  • Lady Antebellum: Country-pop trio that rose to superstardom in the late '00s.
  • Miranda Lambert: Known for her grittier style and for influencing Cassadee Pope on The Voice.
  • Steve Lee: Australian country singer who mostly sings about firearms.
  • Jerry Lee Lewis: Rockabilly legend who had a series of top 40 hits in the 1950s, then successfully reinvented himself as a country act in The '60s and The '70s.
  • Little Big Town: Popular vocal group of the 2000s.
  • Lonestar: Hot band in the late 90s-early 2000s who achieved massive crossover success.
  • Patty Loveless: Twangy traditionalist of the '90s.
  • Lyle Lovett: The trope maker of Alternative Country and, for a while, one of the few alternative country acts to get attention on country radio. Nowadays, you're likely to find his music playing on an Adult Alternative station rather than your local country station.
  • Jennette Mccurdy, although thank you for reminding her.
  • Loretta Lynn: Legend who is arguably the most important female country artist. Called the "First Lady of Country Music", a title that has never been granted to anyone else. Named "Artist of the Decade" for the '70s. Sissy Spacek won an Academy Award playing her in Coal Miner's Daughter.
  • Barbara Mandrell: Famous for her spectacular live shows and one of country music's most iconic female singers.
  • Martina McBride: Country-pop belter of the late '90s-early 2000s.
  • Reba McEntire: Most Top 10 country hits for any female singer, also very popular as an actress.
  • Tim McGraw: Highly successful commercially; made independent Curb Records a driving force in the country industry. Married to the previously mentioned Faith Hill.
  • Jo Dee Messina: Late 90s female star.
  • Ronnie Milsap: Prolific '70s and '80s country-pop singer, best known for being one of the only blind musicians in the genre.
  • John Michael Montgomery: Crossover-friendly hitmaker of The 90's.
  • Kacey Musgraves: Critically acclaimed singer-songwriter of The New '10s.
  • Willie Nelson: Venerable singer-songwriter who has written or recorded numerous classic songs. Also known for being ridiculously prolific in recent years and collaborating with just about every musician in existence.
  • Michael Nesmith: Texas-born member of The Monkees did several early Country Rock songs with them, then went on to a critically acclaimed solo career where he further blended country with eclectic musical influences.
  • Mojo Nixon: Singer/songwriter specializing in bitingly satiric lyrics
  • The Oak Ridge Boys: A gospel group dating from the 1940s, The Oaks got retooled into a country-pop band following a membership change in the 1970s.
  • Jake Owen: Highly successful singer of the 2010s.
  • Buck Owens: Influential artist of the '60s and '70s, known for his "Bakersfield sound".
  • Brad Paisley: The first 70s-born musician to make it big in the genre. Well-known for his absolutely insane guitar-playing skills and pop-culture heavy lyrics.
  • Gram Parsons: Helped create country rock as a member of The Byrds and The Flying Burrito Brothers, as well as recording a couple of well-regarded solo albums before his untimely death at the age of 26. He was also a major influence on Alternative Country.
  • Dolly Parton: Like Reba, she is known almost as much for her acting as for her singing. note  Also known as one of the most incredibly prolific songwriters in any genre, with over 3,000 songs written to date. In the New Millennium, gained further fame as a businesswoman (owner of Dollywood and the Dixie Stampede franchise) and philanthropist, especially in her home of Sevier County, Tennessee.
  • Poco: One of the leading country-rock bands of the '70s.
  • Elvis Presley: First became a star on the country circuit, then most of his early rock hits also scored big on the country charts. In The '70s he started recording country songs again alongside his pop material, and once again started racking up country hits. He even scored a posthumous #1 in 1981 ("Guitar Man").
  • Charley Pride: Most popular black artist in the genre by far.
  • Rascal Flatts: Easily the most popular country band of the 21st century.
  • Jim Reeves: Smooth-voiced singer who died at the height of his popularity in 1964 trying to fly his private plane in a heavy rainstorm. Still quite popular in such unlikely places as South Africa and India.
  • Thomas Rhett: Son of Rhett Akins
  • Marty Robbins Named "Artist of the Decade" for the '60s.
  • Jimmie Rodgers: One of the earliest and most influential artists of the genre. Considered the Father of Country.
  • Kenny Rogers: Has had the most pop crossover success of any country singer in history; also known for his chicken restaurant.
  • Daniel Romano: Canadian country singer of an old-school inclination.
  • Linda Ronstadt: Primarily a pop singer but showed enough country influence in her music to get a fair amount of country radio airplay in her heyday.
  • Darius Rucker: The first black artist since Pride to achieve major popularity in the genre, with six #1 singles and four #1 albums on the Billboard country charts so far. Before entering the country genre in 2008, he was frontman of Hootie & the Blowfish, and still occasionally performs with them.
  • Blake Shelton: Current A-Lister and reigning Entertainer of the Year; he is one of the judges on The Voice.
  • Chris Stapleton: Traditional-minded singer of The New '10s.
  • The Statler Brothers: Beloved quartet who started out doing gospel before they became Johnny Cash's backing vocalists. Scored a huge pop crossover hit with "Flowers on the Wall" in 1966.
  • Ray Stevens: Popular novelty artist.
  • George Strait: Most #1 hits of any artist (44 on Billboard). Known for his extraordinary longevity, he's been a commercial A-lister for almost thirty years. Named Artist of the Decade for the aughts. Finally retiring from touring in 2013.
  • Sugarland: Popular duo from the 2000s.
  • Cole Swindell: 2010s country-pop singer.
  • Taylor Swift: Insanely popular among teenagers; her popularity is on the level that only pop musicians usually achieve. However, she's become a pop artist completely after the release of 1989 in 2014.
  • Billy Bob Thornton
  • Randy Travis: Highly regarded singer-songwriter who achieved his greatest commercial success during the neotraditional movement of the late 1980s of which he was a key component. Mostly recorded gospel music in the 2000s. Was sidelined by a serious stroke in 2013, though he is still recovering.
  • Shania Twain: One of the biggest crossover successes of the 1990s.
  • Conway Twitty: Holder of the record of most #1 hits before George Strait broke it. A rock singer before switching to country full-time, he retained his rock influences. Known for featuring overt sexual themes in his lyrics, not to mention being a Family Guy running gag.
  • Carrie Underwood: Rivals Kelly Clarkson as the most successful American Idol winner in terms of commercial and chart success.
  • Keith Urban: A little bit of Australian flavor on the charts. He joined the "American Idol" judging panel in 2013.
  • Kitty Wells: The first female country music star, and known as "The Queen of Country Music".
  • Keith Whitley: Influential honky-tonker of The 80's who met his untimely death in 1989.
  • Don Williams: Soft-voiced country pop singer of the 70s and 80s, known as the "Gentle Giant".
  • Hank Williams: A legend whose career was cut far too short, arguably the greatest and most influential country musician.
  • Hank Williams, Jr.: Son of the legendary Hank Williams, but managed to craft a substantial career and identity of his own. One of the leading lights of the late 70's "outlaw country" genre, and known for his popular Monday Night Football theme.
  • Hank Williams III: Grandson of Hank Williams and son of Jr., he's carved out a unique career different from both his grandfather and father and is one of the more popular alternative country artists today, largely influenced by punk, metal and the neotraditional country scene. (His guitar case bears Woody Guthrie's famous "This Machine Kills Fascists" sticker, fairly clearly indicating his political stance).
  • Lucinda Williams: One of the more popular alternative country singer-songwriters. Daughter of the poet Miller Williams; of no relation to the three Hanks.
  • Mark Wills: 90s-early 2000s hitmaker.
  • Chely Wright: Most famous nowadays for being the first openly gay country star. note note 
  • Trisha Yearwood: A singer whose only crossover hit was a cover of a LeAnn Rimes song. Is married to Garth Brooks.
  • Dwight Yoakam: Another notable early Alternative Country musician, Yoakam is a Honky-tonk singer who brought back his genre until it died yet again.

Alternative Title(s): Progressive Country