TRY TWO PLAYERSThere are several distinct types of Multiplayer modes in Video Games. This trope is a Sister Trope of Competitive Multiplayer, Meta Multiplayer and Massively Multiplayer. See also Misbegotten Multiplayer Mode, where multiplayer modes are featured in games that are really designed for single-player, and Sliding Scale of Cooperation vs. Competition, on how competitive and cooperative elements can be mixed in the same game.
* MORE ENERGY
* MORE COINS
* MORE STRATEGIES
* DOUBLE FIREPOWER
* PLAYERS CANNOT HURT EACH OTHER
* MORE ENERGY
* MORE COINS
* MORE STRATEGIES
* DOUBLE FIREPOWER
* PLAYERS CANNOT HURT EACH OTHER
Co-OperativeAll players are on the same team, playing against the computer; this only counts if it's the "main game" and not multiplayer with the teams set to be players vs. CPU. The characters played by additional players are almost always Canon Foreigners, rarely making it past Road Cones. Comes in several flavors:
IndividualAll characters have an equal amount of influence over the game itself, including camera control if it's a shared screen. Occasionally allows players to attack each other in some way, either for added difficulty or possible competition/hilarity between players, and may keep track of scores as well. Examples:
- Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker allows certain sneaking missions to be played with another player and boss battles to be played by four players.
- Resident Evil 5 and 6 both feature the option to play through the story mode with an A.I.-controlled partner or another player (through split-screen or online matchmaking).
- Goof Troop
- The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures
- The Scare Scraper/Thrill Tower in Luigi's Mansion: Dark Moon
- Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles
- Monster Hunter
- The Phantasy Star Portable games support co-op with up to 4 players.
- Aces Wild: Manic Brawling Action
- The Battletoads console games all had two-player co-op. Battlemaniacs and Battletoads and Double Dragon offered players the option of not being able to hurt each other; the original game did not. The Battletoads Arcade Game was designed primarily for three-player co-op.
- Double Dragon. The NES and Game Boy versions of the first game couldn't handle two-player co-op, so it tacked on a one-on-one versus mode instead. The arcade version of Double Dragon 3 allowed up to three players.
- Final Fight (with the notable exception of the SNES version)
- Golden Axe: The 2-player co-op of the Sega Genesis version was removed from the otherwise enhanced Sega CD version.
- Guardian Heroes
- Knights of the Round
- Dungeons & Dragons: Shadow over Mystara
- Streets of Rage
- The Simpsons
- Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Arcade Game
- Undercover Cops: Arcade version allowed 3 players; the SNES version was single-player only.
- X-Men: Up to 6 players simultaneously, depending on the version.
- Konami's Monster Maulers allows 2 players to team-up against enemies like in a Beat 'em Up
- Street Smart, SNK's first Fighting Game, was also the first Fighting Game to feature simultaneous two-player co-op.
- Super Smash Bros. for Wii U has introduced 2-player cooperative Classic and All-Star modes, as well as co-op event matches for Brawl and Wii U.
- The Doom and Quake series, excluding the last (Single-player focused) games.
- EYE Divine Cybermancy prominently features coop multiplayer which, amusingly, has no player cap. 32 player coop ahoy!
- Guns Of Icarus Online
- Halo: Combat Evolved, Halo 2 & Halo 3: ODST
- Killing Floor
- Left 4 Dead
- Marathon 2 & ∞
- The Xbox port of Return to Castle Wolfenstein
- Serious Sam
- Unreal Tournament III's Campaign Mode.
- Modern Warfare 2/3's Campain missions are cut and made into "Spec Ops" Missions
- Also in Call of Duty, Nazi Zombies. Four players vs endless horde of undead in a weird hybrid of an FPS and maybe Tower Defence.
- Perfect Dark and Perfect Dark Zero. The original created a blonde as the second player's default skin (though in-story characters could be unlocked), while in the prequel any second player usually took control of a character who was already in the story (e.g., the third mission is an Escort Mission of Joanna helping her dad escape Hong Kong - the second player would be her dad). The original also inverted this trope with a "counter-operative" mode, where the second player would be one of the level's mooks.
- Splinter Cell Since the third game onwards.
- TimeSplitters: A second player can tag along to help with the missions.
- Team Fortress 2's Mann vs. Machine mode pits one team of 3-6 against a swarm of computer-controlled AIs.
- The main missions in each entry of the Star Wars: Rogue Squadron series are single-player only, but Rogue Squadron III: Rebel Strike includes nearly all of Rogue Squadron II: Rogue Leader's missions in a split-screen co-op mode, as well as the series' only competitive multiplayer mode.
- Wizard Of Wor, which in the arcade version also forced single players to contend with a computer-controlled ally's friendly fire.
- Alex Kidd: The Lost Stars (arcade version only)
- Bubble Bobble (except Bubble Bobble Part 2 NES)
- Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers
- Doom Troopers
- Joe And Mac
- Kirby's Epic Yarn
- New Super Mario Bros. U
- New Super Mario Bros. Wii
- Quartet: Originally a four-player Arcade Game, hence the title.
- Rastan Saga II (Nastar Warrior), arcade version only
- Rayman Origins
- Snow Bros
- Sonic Colors
- Super Mario 3D World
- Wonder Boy III Monster Lair
- World of Illusion: Mickey and Donald really do help each other out in the co-op mode, which includes some levels not available to either character alone.
- The Castles Of Doctor Creep: All the castles can be played with either one or two players, and are generally easier when played with two. A few castles, such as Parthenia, are specifically built to be run with two players (though a single player can still play them). If the two players go to separate rooms of the castle (a common occurrence), gameplay alternates between each player until the two players enter the same room at the same time.
- Helter Skelter: Ten of the screens require the help of a second player to complete, and are accordingly skipped in single-player mode.
- Tetris Party and Tengen's unlicensed NES version of Tetris have a mode in which two players co-operate in dropping pieces onto the same field.
- Mario Kart: Double Dash!!: One player drives while the other handles items. This would be an example of the "Assistant" type, except that players can swap roles at will, allowing access to both characters' special items.
- Battlezone II's MPI mode (Players versus AI) has one player take on the role of the Commander, who builds units and buildings. Other players on his/her team can be given units to order around personally, and they generally do most of the fighting against the AI team, leaving the commander and his Player Mooks to defend the base.
- Pikmin 2
- Command & Conquer: Red Alert 3
- Guitar Hero
- Pump It Up features Co-op charts where each player is assigned a color and has to step on arrows of their color. While the game can't distinguish between each player's pair of feet, it's generally unwise to try to deviate from your color of steps lest inter-personal coordination gets worse than it already is. Most Co-op charts require two players, but some call for three players and one requires five.
- Rock Band
- Most 1942 games
- Aero Fighters
- Crimzon Clover does not have it in the original version, which is to be expected of doujin shmups, but its arcade remake does. The PC port of the arcade remake, Crimzon Clover WORLD IGNITION, keeps it.
- Heavy Weapon on the XBOX 360 or PS3
- Radiant Silvergun
- Smash TV
- Thwaite expands on the play style introduced in Missile Command by giving each of two players his own cursor and missile silo.
- Baldur's Gate
- Bloodwych, a Dungeon Master-like game with a split screen to accommodate two players simultaneously.
- Icewind Dale
- Neverwinter Nights
- Mass Effect 3, although allies are Friendly Fireproof, handwaved the same way as in the singleplayer.
- Dragon Age: Inquisition
- Mario Bros..
- Battle City
- Dungeon Siege
- Nearly every Lego Adaptation Game.
- Resident Evil Outbreak (until its servers were shut down)
- Various single-player games like Rune, System Shock 2, Command & Conquer: Renegade and Unreal have had their original campaigns superbly modded for coop MP by fans.
- The Simpsons Game
- World of Goo
- Toejam And Earl
- Heavy Weapon (the Xbox 360 version)
- Splinter Cell Since the third game onwards.
- ObsCure (and it's sequel) allow for two players - with a slight case of Tag-along as only Player 1 has control of the camera
- Mercs allowed for three players in its original arcade version, a feature brought back in Commando 3.
- The Real Ghostbusters (Arcade Game by Data East)
- The Chaos Engine could either be played by two players or one player and an AI teammate.
- Midway Games' Xenophobe handled three players on a split screen. Most ports supported two players only.
- Michael Jackson's Moonwalker: The arcade version allows up to three players; each one controls a version of Michael in a differently colored suits (white, red and black).
- The upcoming farming simulator Stardew Valley is designed to allow for co-op play with up to four players. (It also has exploration and combat modes in the vein of Minecraft or Terraria.)
Tag-alongOne character is the designated "leader," and has more influence over the game itself, particularly the focus of the camera. The other characters are optional and often expendable and may be controlled by the computer. Examples:
- In Dead Rising 2, the host player's progress through the story is used. The guest player starts with none of the items they have in their 1-player game, and when they leave they drop everything they're carrying. All the guest player keeps from co-op is any money and PP earned.
- Demons Souls
- Donkey Kong Country Returns plays this mostly straight, though Player 2 can continue the game by himself whenever Player 1 dies (as shown in this video).
- Halo 3
- Klonoa 2: Lunatea's Veil: a second player can control Popka, who can provide a massive bonus jump with a cooldown and, well, not much else.
- In Madden NFL one player is responsible for calling plays. There is another variation with three players to a side, in which one player controls the quarterback and calls the plays, one player controls a running back, and the third controls a wide receiver.
- Kirby Super Star and Kirby's Dreamland 3
- Mercenaries 2
- Sonic the Hedgehog 2 and onward
- The 360 version of Spelunky is a mix of this and Individual. note
- The Subspace Emissary in Super Smash Bros. Brawl
- Tales Series
- World of Mana series
- Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, if only on the PS2 and Xbox version.
- Driver San Fransisco, Wii edition only. P1 drives, P2 shoots.
- Street Fighter X Tekken. You can manually switch characters, Launchers automatically switch the current character out, and there are two super move types that incorporate co-op gameplay- Cross Arts, where both players use a powerful move to deal huge amounts of damage, and Cross Assaults, where both players can fight together simultaneously. In single-player mode, the player controls both characters and their switching, while the AI fights with them during a Cross Assault.
- Urban Reign: in the game's Challenge Mode Co-Op works more like the games under the Individual header, while a cheat code will allow the second player to control the helper character in the Story & Free Mission modes. Under this circumstance the camera still only follows the 1st player, and it's Game Over if they lose while the second character can be knocked out without consequence.
- The co-op mode in Ace Combat: Assault Horizon basically takes the single-player levels starring Col. Bishop (the main Player Character) and lets three players play as him and two unnamed members of his squadron, who are little more than Attack Drones in single-player. The host of the game always plays as Bishop and basically directs the gameplay. Weirdly, one of Bishop's three wingmen, Guts, remains computer-controlled even in co-op.
- Artemis Spaceship Bridge Simulator. It can be debated whether Helm (moves the ship) or Captain (no actual ship controls, but coordinates the other players) is the "main" player, but e.g. Engineering's only effect is to make other stations' tools stronger or weaker (preferably boosting the ones that are currently or about to be needed), and Comms can seem like The Load (although this troper once played Comms and aggroed over half the enemy fleet through minefields or into a black hole, defeating the then-highest difficulty setting).
AssistantSecondary characters help with some other indirect force as a part of the user interface. In combat flight games, this is known as "pilot and gunner". Examples:
- Jet Force Gemini lets a second player take control of Floyd, a small helicopter robot who hovers over the player character's shoulder after he's put back together. All the second player can do as Floyd is shoot enemies with what is basically an infinite-ammo pistol, except for specific areas where Floyd has to go it alone, where either player can control him.
- Sin and Punishment: Star Successor allows a second person to control another gun. The second player doesn't have any charge shots or melee attacks, and doesn't take damage. This does, however, mean that the death of Player 1 is a Game Over for both players.
- The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker lets a second player connect a Game Boy Advance to the game in order to help the main player by dropping bombs on his field and letting him buy some items, as long as Link collects a certain object early on in the game. This feature was removed in the Wii U Video Game Remake.
- The canceled MechWarrior 3050 was planned to feature possibly the strangest example, allowing a second player to take on half of the controls used in single-player mode to act as a “weapons officer.”
- Super Mario Galaxy allows a second player to collect and fire enemy-stunning Star Bits alongside the main player, as well as freeze most enemies in place and give Mario extra jumping power if the two players are well-coordinated. This turns the game into a Rail Shooter for Player 2, with the "rails" being Mario's movement as dictated by Player 1. Super Mario Galaxy 2 expands on this by adding an orange Luma that can further assist Mario by grabbing items and defeating some enemies alone, on top of the actions available in the first game.
- F-15 Strike Eagle is a Jet Fighter game for the NES that practically NEEDED an assistant on the higher difficulties. On 'easy', the jet would practically fly itself (auto-speed, auto-level, auto-landing), you had 1 type of multi-purpose missile, and 1 type of counter-measure. On the hardest difficulty there were 3 types of missiles, 2 types of counter-measures, and you had to handle all normal flight controls (speed/leveling/etc...). Needless to say, with only 4 buttons there were LOTS of multi-button controls to switch which missile was loaded, or which C-M to launch, or how to adjust speed. The second player's controller did nothing BUT these secondary tasks.
- Driver San Fransisco allows an additional player with a Nintendo DS to take some police attention away from the other player(s), place roadblocks, search the map for power-ups, and place a movable marker on the map.
- Star Wars Arcade has player 1 play as the pilot of an X-Wing; their cursor is fixed in the center of the screen and they must move around in order to aim. Player 2 can play alongside player 1 as the gunner, and can freely move their cursor around the screen.
- An arcade game, Lucky & Wild, features player one having to simultaneously drive a car and shoot enemies. Player two can join in but only as an extra gun.
Progress in TurnsEssentially a single-player game where the game forces multiple players to take turns, a little like a Succession Game. Player 1 plays until he dies, then Player 2 plays until he dies, then back to Player 1, etc. Both players work toward a common goal and share progress. Individual players' scores may be tracked for competition. Examples:
- Super Mario Bros.
- Donkey Kong Country
- Sega Pinball's Batman Forever has a "league" option, where up to six players form teams of two, then play for a combined score against the others.
Tabletop GamesWhile most tabletop games center around player competition, there are also games where all players are on the same team, opposed only by the Random Number God and Murphy's Law. Cooperative board games are distinct from games with team-based competition, ones where you're expected to form dynamic alliances, and ones without any winning condition at all (like narrative games). One common addition to cooperative board games is the "traitor"—a player secretly working to subvert others' efforts—but unmasking the traitor is neither necessary, nor sufficient to win the game, so there is no real competitive element there, either.
- In any Tabletop RPG where the words "Player Party" are used, the Game Master completes the antagonistic triumvirate with the RNG and Murphy's Law.
- Arkham Horror. The players are Occult Detectives trying to prevent the awakening of a Cthulhu Mythos monstrosity.
- Battlestar Galactica, based on the eponymous series. Features a Cylon (sleeper) agent as the traitor.
- Flash Point: Fire Rescue. The players are firefighters trying to rescue as many people from a burning building as possible before it collapses.
- Pandemic. The players are scientists and emergency workers trying (usually, in vain) to stem four infectious decease outbreaks happening simultaneously across the world.
- Shadows over Camelot. The players are Knights of the Round Table defending Camelot from a number of enemies and going on quests, while the (optional) traitor works to undermine their efforts.
- Legends of Andor. The players are a band of heroes defending the eponymous realm from monsters across multiple invasion scenarios.
- Legendary. The players are superheroes working together to try to stop the evil mastermind from successfully doing whatever it is he's trying to do (usually represented by Scheme twist cards). While players also compete for points to become MVP, nobody wins if the villans scheme is successful (though if it's a draw for some reason, there is still an MVP). Also in playable villain flavor.