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[[quoteright:300:[[Franchise/{{Transformers}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/composite_character_image_1038.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:300:Let's combine the paint job of the left one with the door wings of the right one[[note]]Top Characters L-R:Bumblebee and Prowl from Franchise/TransformersGeneration1. Bottom Character: Bumblebee from the Film/TransformersFilmSeries[[/note]]]]

Certain media, including RealLife, tend to have the time and space to utilize LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters, a large number of individuals with significant and/or necessary contributions to the storyline. But in an adaptation it can be difficult to offer adequate time and space so that each and every character gets their just due for how they impact the story. To be faithful to these characters may, at worst, make them come across as a living PlotDevice, existing only for the sake of the plot and not a fleshed out character of their own with individual talents, interests and backstory.

A solution is to invoke artistic license and compress two or more such figures into a single character with traits drawn from all of them. [[PragmaticAdaptation For the sake of telling a proper story]] those contributions are relegated to the actions of only a few. Instead of showing the legwork of an entire team of intelligence officers to decipher important information, it's rolled up into one person putting it together. Instead of having three different [[TheSmartGuy smart guys]] on the team divided up into distinct fields, you make one of them an OmnidisciplinaryScientist and discard the others. It's a method of streamlining both the plot and the character interactions; there are fewer people to follow and everyone who is still around has more to contribute to the story.

This is frequently done in works BasedOnATrueStory, since no medium can compete with the LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters featured in RealLife. Whereas most of humanity's most interesting achievements have involved lots of people with different motivations, it suits the RuleOfDrama to simplify things to a handful of characters with well-defined objectives. Though there may be nameless individuals wandering around [[HeroOfAnotherStory with their own story to tell]], [[TheMainCharactersDoEverything the core plot is dictated by the people with names]]. Some might object to removing an important character and his or her contribution to the story, but on the other hand it means the story has a chance to be told.

This can sometimes get complicated, as the removed character may have his or her ''personality'' split up among the remaining characters (DeadpanSnarker given to character A, TVGenius attributes given to character B), or it is something as simple as someone actually having the removed character's appearance and personality but given a different name. In some extreme cases with certain stories that have regular adaptations every few years, an EraSpecificPersonality gives them the opportunity to fuse specific versions of the SAME character in different adaptations, [[MindScrew making someone a composite character of him- or herself]].

A MassiveMultiplayerCrossover might do this to tie the continuities together, by revealing Character A from Series 1 is "[[ExternalRetcon really]]" the same person as the similar Character B from Series 2.

Commonly involved in AdaptationDistillation and AdaptationDecay. AdaptationOriginConnection is a subtrope wherein a character important to the series that wasn't involved in the Hero's Origin Story in the original ''is'' in the adaptation, replacing a character who usually either got DemotedToExtra or was just a StarterVillain. See also EconomyCast. Sometimes a cause of an AdaptationPersonalityChange.

The inversion, where an adaptation divides a single character's attributes among multiple characters, is DecompositeCharacter.


* CompositeCharacter/AnimeAndManga
* CompositeCharacter/ComicBooks
* CompositeCharacter/FanWorks
* CompositeCharacter/{{Film}}
** CompositeCharacter/MarvelCinematicUniverse
** CompositeCharacter/XMenFilmSeries
* CompositeCharacter/LiveActionTV
** CompositeCharacter/ArrowVerse
** CompositeCharacter/GameOfThrones
** CompositeCharacter/PowerRangers
* CompositeCharacter/VideoGames
* CompositeCharacter/WesternAnimation


* ''[[Literature/TenSixtySixAndAllThat 1066 and All That]]'' has "the memorable Dutch King Williamanmary."
* Many adaptations of ''Literature/AliceInWonderland'' conflate the Queen of Hearts with the Red Queen. The first is from "Adventures in Wonderland" and is a playing card; the second is from "Through the looking glass" and is a chess piece.
* In the ''Literature/AnnoDracula'' short story "Castles in the Air", the vampire hippy guru Khorda from the 1973 film ''Deathmaster'' turns out to be one of Dracula's hangers-on from the earlier books, General Iorga. This is a gag on the fact that Robert Quarry, who played Khorda, had previously played the title character in ''Film/CountYorga, Vampire'' and ''The Return of Count Yorga'', and many people consider ''Deathmaster'' to be a SpiritualSuccessor.
** "Flattop" in the ''Film/JamesBond'' pastiche sections of ''Dracula Cha-Cha-Cha'' is a composite of the ''ComicStrip/DickTracy'' villain of the same name, FrankensteinsMonster, and Bond [[TheDragon Dragons]] [[Film/{{Goldfinger}} Oddjob]] and [[Film/TheSpyWhoLovedMe Jaws]].
** Dracula himself, constantly reinventing himself and shapeshifting to match, is a composite of every portrayal of the Count.
** Kit and Holly in "You'll Never Drink Blood in This Town Again" are the main characters of the film ''Film/{{Badlands}}'', but have a string of aliases suggesting they're every OutlawCouple in 20th century fiction.
** Simuilar to Dracula, Hamish Bond in ''Cha-Cha-Cha'' is a composite of Creator/IanFleming's Literature/JamesBond and Creator/SeanConnery's Film/JamesBond, before [[spoiler: Mother Roma's influence turns him into Creator/RogerMoore's Bond]].
* The title character in ''Literature/{{Carrie}}'' was based on two different girls whom Creator/StephenKing went to school with growing up, both of whom had difficult lives and died young.
* In Arthur Miller's ''Theatre/TheCrucible'', the utterly vile Danforth stands for several different judges who presided over the witch trials. Miller initially worried that he had made Danforth too one-dimensional ... only to find that the real judges were even worse.
* Creator/JosephConrad's ''Literature/UnderWesternEyes'' begins with the assassination of a Tsarist official, [[SpellMyNameWithABlank de P___]], who is a composite of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konstantin_Pobedonostsev Konstantin Pobedonstev]] and another P-named official who really was assassinated. The implication was that Conrad hoped that the fate of the latter would happen to the former.
** Also by Conrad, Kurtz of ''Literature/HeartOfDarkness'' is a combination of a number of sadistic EvilColonialist types in the Belgian Congo, although his name in particular references Georges Antoine Klein (Kurtz is German for short and Klein is German for small) who had just died when Conrad was in the Congo.
* Sultan Mehmed of ''Literature/CountAndCountess'' is a mix of the real-life Sultan Mehmed and his father.
* ''Literature/DarknessAtNoon'':
-->"The life of the man N. S. Rubashov is a synthesis of the lives of a number of men who were victims of the so-called Moscow Trials. Several of them were personally known to this author. This book is dedicated to their memory."
* ''Franchise/DoctorWhoExpandedUniverse''
** The [[Literature/DoctorWhoNovelisations novelisation]] of the ''Series/DoctorWho'' serial ''The Invasion of Time'' combines the characters of Jasko and Ablif into a single character. The character in the book is named, appropriately enough, "Jablif".
** The ''New Series Adventures'' novel ''The Ressurection Casket'' is ''Literature/TreasureIsland'' RecycledInSpace. The character of Kevin is Ben Gunn, and the parrot, and [[spoiler: the Black Spot -- ItMakesSenseInContext]].
* Dame Alice from ''The Gallows in the Greenwood" by Phyllis Ann Karr is a composite of three different characters from the RobinHood stories and ballads. She starts off as the Sheriff's Wife (a minor character in some ballads), takes her husband's place when Robin and his outlaws murder him (becoming the Sheriff for the events of several famous stories) and finally [[spoiler: retires to a convent, becoming the Prioress who ultimately kills Robin Hood in some versions.]]
* In the Dramatic Audio version of the Literature/LeftBehind book ''Armageddon'', GC officer Anita Sanchez is one for two female officers (a Hispanic and an African-American) working in the San Diego headquarters where Chloe Williams was incarcerated.
* Nellie Oleson in the ''Literature/LittleHouseOnThePrairie'' books was a composite of three different girls Laura Ingalls Wilder knew growing up: Nellie Owens, Genevieve Masters and Stella Gilbert. There is some speculation that Mr. Edwards was a composite, as well, since pinning down his historical personage has proved confusing.
* DI Jack Spratt in the ''Literature/NurseryCrime'' books by Creator/JasperFforde is every fairy tale Jack. Although he insists he [[NeverLiveItDown didn't kill many giants]].
* From the preface to ''Literature/TomSawyer'':
-->''"Huck Finn is drawn from life; Tom Sawyer also, but not from an individual—he is a combination of the characteristics of three boys whom I knew, and therefore belongs to the composite order of architecture."''
* Elenn in Creator/JoWalton's Literature/{{Sulien}} series is a composite of Guinevere from the Myth/KingArthur mythos and Fionnbharr from the ''Literature/TainBoCuailnge''.
* In Creator/PhilipJoseFarmer's Wold Newton family, he sometimes does this to tie characters together. Most notably, the Duke of Holdernesse and his illigitimate son James Wilder, from the Literature/SherlockHolmes story "The Adventure of the Priory Road School", are combined with John Clayton, Earl of Greystoke and Clark Savage Sr, to make {{Tarzan}} and Franchise/DocSavage cousins. It is also a standard part of Wold Newton lore than [=MacReady=] from ''Literature/WhoGoesThere'' is Savage and Professor William Dyer from ''Literature/AtTheMountainsOfMadness'' is his associate William "Johnny" Littlejohn. The composition of [[Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea Captain Nemo]] with [[Literature/SherlockHolmes Professor Moriarty]] has proved more controversial among Woldian scholars, despite it being a key point in Farmer's ''Other Log of Phineas Fogg''.
* In A.C. Gaughen's retelling of Robin Hood ''Scarlet'', the titular character is a combination of Will Scarlet and [[spoiler: Maid Marian]]
* The protagonist of Dorothy Dunnett's ''King Hereafter'' is a combination of the historical [=Macbeth=] with a contemporary ruler, Thorfinn Sigurdsson.
** Similarly, his wife, Groa, is both Thorfinn's wife Ingibjorg and [=Macbeth=]'s wife Gruoch.
* InUniverse examples: in the kid's book ''I Funny TV,'' the protagonist, Jamie, is making a sitcom pilot based on his own life. The writers decide to simplify things by fusing his best friends, TeenGenius Pierce and cool-guy Gaylor, into one character named Bob. ([[spoiler:{{Subverted}} when stage fright keeps Bob's actor from going on, so his real friends are PushedInFrontOfTheAudience]]). Likewise, in his real life Jamie deals with two bullies, his cousin Stevie and another boy named Lars; the writers like Lars better, so they [[RelatedInTheAdaptation make him Jamie's cousin]] in the show.
* ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'':
** ''Discworld/WyrdSisters'' parodies ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'' and ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}'' simultaneously. Duke Felmet is Macbeth and Claudius; King Verence is Hamlet's father, King Duncan and Banquo; and Tomjon is Hamlet and Malcom. (And then [[spoiler: the Fool turns out to be Fortinbras and ''actually'' Malcom]].)
** Blind Io, the TopGod, is mostly Zeus with a bit of Odin (he used to have two ravens who would go forth and bring him news of the word. However, as his eyes are floating around him all the time, and ravens are fmous for getting at the juiciest parts of corpses...
** ''Discworld/SoulMusic'': Imp y Celin, whose name translates to Music/BuddyHolly, while he's repeatedly stated to look a little like ElvishPresley.
* In-universe in ''Literature/WolfHall'', when Henry VIII tells Thomas Cromwell and the Archbishop of Canturbury, Dr. [[PlanetOfSteves Thomas]] Cranmer, that the French have taken to referring to them as the single entity "Dr. Cranmuel." Then the ''narration'' shortly thereafter says "Dr. Cranmuel left the room."

* Music/TheBangles created "Anna Lee" as a composite character on their 2011 album ''Sweetheart of the Sun'', for the song "Anna Lee (Sweetheart of the Sun)":
-->'''Susanna Hoffs''': Interestingly, a character sort of developed in the song. We had all just read ''Girls Like Us'', the book about Carly Simon, Carole King and Joni Mitchell, and we were inspired by it. We sort of made up a portrait of a person based around those women -- it's kind of mythical.
* ''Music/JesusChristSuperstar'' has Mary Magdalene combine elements of herself with those of the unnamed woman whose "waste" of costly perfume on Jesus in Bethany was condemned by the disciples in the New Testament, but just by Judas Iscariot in the rock opera. However, Mary Magdalene has been traditionally identified with the unnamed woman of Bethany for centuries, so this wasn't the first time it happened.
* ''[[Music/{{Hero}} !HERO: The Rock Opera]]'''s Maggie is Mary Magdalene combined with the Samaritan woman at the well.
* In Music/PinkFloyd's ''Music/TheWall'', Pink is [[AuthorAvatar based on]] Music/RogerWaters, with a bit of Music/SydBarrett.

[[folder: Mythology, Folklore and Religion]]
* This is done often in mythology and its various adaptations as a result of both time constraints and general mixing of the stories.
* In Main/FairyTale crossovers:
** The title characters of ''Literature/SnowWhite'' and ''Literature/SnowWhiteAndRoseRed'' are commonly depicted as the same person. Their names are slightly different in the original German, and while the more famous one is a princess with a WickedStepmother ([[EvilMatriarch or mother]]), the latter is from a poor but far more functional family. (Also, they're explicitly described as a brunette and a blonde, respectively.)
** The BigBadWolf that appears in these sorts of stories will combine aspects of the ones from ''TheThreeLittlePigs'', ''LittleRedRidingHood'', ''TheBoyWhoCriedWolf'', and other stories featuring a wolf as the antagonist. Some even combine the Wolf's role in ''Little Red Riding Hood'' with the role of the woodcutter, her own family, or even [[EnfantTerrible Little]] [[FilleFatale Red]] herself.
* OlderThanPrint: In [[Myth/KingArthur Arthurian Literature]], the role of the mother of Mordred (who may or may not be [[BrotherSisterIncest Arthur's son]]) is frequently given to Morgan Le Fay; the original mother (Morgause) is either absent or given a different role.
** Morgan is also often mixed with [[MerlinAndNimue Nimue]]. Also Elaine of Carbonek ([[BedTrick lover of Lancelot]] who was [[StalkerWithATestTube the mother]] of [[IncorruptiblePurePureness Galahad]]) can be combined with Elaine of Astolat ([[UnrequitedTragicMaiden unrequited]] lover of Lancelot who [[DeathByDespair pined away]]).
** Even inanimate objects can get this treatment: see ExcaliburInTheStone.
* In the RobinHood legends and ballads, there's about a half dozen Merry Men all named "Will;" most adaptations boil them down to one.
* The American SantaClaus is a composite of several European myths and folk lore.
* In Christian traditions going back at least to the Middle Ages, Mary Magdelene was identified both with the nameless prostitute who anointed Jesus' feet in Luke 6, as well as Mary of Bethany, who also anoints Jesus' feet at one point. There are various reasons for the former connection: the story of the prostitute is followed by a discussion of Mary, and she is described as having "devils" exorcised from her. She was the traditional symbol of a repentant sinner, but the Catholic Church has dropped this association in recent years.
* Medieval legends about saints occasionally mixed up saints bearing the same name, e. g. Dionysius (Dénis), martyred bishop of Paris (3rd century), with the Dionyisius the Areopagite (converted by St. Paul).
* In Myth/NorseMythology the trickster god Loki and the fire giant Logi are often thought of as the same character, such as in the Ring Cycle where they are merged into Loge.
* Combined with AdaptedOut, almost every film version of Exodus from TheBible removes [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aaron Aaron]] completely and gives all his meetings with Pharoah and the miracles performed by him to Moses.
* In Literature/TheQuran's story about the Virgin Mary, named "Maryam" in Arabic, she has a brother named Harun ("Aaron") and a father named Imram ("Amram")...just like the Old Testament's Miriam, who would also be called "Maryam" in Arabic. Of course, a Muslim would argue that this is a coincidence or the case of purposefully naming one's kids after revered historical figures, while non-Muslims generally argue that Muhammad heard the stories of both "Maryams," mistakenly thought they were the same person and then re-separated the stories later when he realized his error.
* In folklore and demonology, Satan, Lucifer, Beelzebub, and such are all originally separate demons. They are however often combined into the same being with the various different names becoming simply [[IHaveManyNames aliases]].
* The popular conception of TheAntichrist is a merger of three prophetic figures in Literature/TheBible, none of whom are referred to by that name. The three are the "Little Horn" in the Literature/BookOfDaniel, the "Man of Sin" in the Epistle to the Thessalonians, who proclaims himself as God and defiles the Temple of Jerusalem, and "The Beast" in the Literature/BookOfRevelation. While many Christians, especially Evangelicals, believe all of these figures refer to the same person or being, a demonically-backed dictator who will appear at the end of the world, some scholars believe they each referred to a different historical ruler: the Little Horn was Antiochus IV, a Greek king known for his brutal persecutions of Jews around the time Daniel was written; the Man of Sin was Emperor Caligula, who attempted to erect a statue of himself in the Temple; and the Beast was Emperor Nero, as the Beast's [[NumberOfTheBeast famous number, 666]] corresponds in Jewish numerology to "Neron Kaisar," the Greek form of his name.

[[folder:Professional Wrestling]]
* Wrestling/{{WWE}}'s Wrestling/RandyOrton is a strange example. He has the snake motif of Wrestling/StoneColdSteveAustin, with a similar fighting style and devil-may-care whoop-your-ass attitude, but he's also the youngest world champion in WWE history and a third-generation superstar. [[Wrestling/DwayneJohnson Sound familiar?]]
* Wrestling/TrishStratus started out as something of a hodgepodge of [[Wrestling/TammyLynnSytch Sunny]] (hot manager of a TagTeam that stood no chance of getting over), and Wrestling/TerriRunnels' more heelish tendencies. She even ended up feuding with Runnels over Runnels thinking her a cheap knockoff, including one match where Runnels and Stratus worse similar gear([[{{Stripperific}} if you can call what they wore]] "gear")
* Wrestling/CheerleaderMelissa still dressed like a cheerleader but had not done anything related to her name sake for years. Alissa Flash debuted on Wrestling/{{TNA}} Impact paying tribute to [[Wrestling/SherriMartel Sensational Sherri Martel]] in addition to [[TheTease being a zipper happy tease]]. As Flash's TNA career wound down though, she started wearing new, zipper less gear and using Cheerleader Melissa's moves, and stopped using Sherri makeup. In post TNA appearances Melissa would wear that same gear and openly refer to Flash's actions as her own.
* ERLL had a luchador known as Alberto Dos Rios, a composite of El Patron Alberto's former [[TheGimmick gimmick]]s Wrestling/AlbertoDelRio and Dos Caras.
* Due to Wresting/{{CMLL}} [[DisneyOwnsThisTrope owning]] the Wrestling/{{Mistico}} gimmick, the luchador with the most success using said gimmick wrestled in Lucha Liga Elite as Carístico, a combination of his Místico gimmick and his much less successful but still well known Wrestling/SinCara gimmick.

[[folder:Puppet Shows]]
* In ''Film/TheMuppetMusiciansOfBremen'', the cruel former owners of the animals are also the bandits they scare away from the house.
* In ''Film/TheMuppetsWizardOfOz'', the Munchkins also serve the role of the Field Mice in ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'', rescuing Dotothy and friends from Poppyfields and explaining to Dorothy how the Witch's magic cap works. Which makes sense, since they're played by the rats (with Rizzo as a composite of the Mayor of Munchkinland from [[Film/TheWizardOfOz the MGM film]] and a {{Gender Flip}}ped Queen of the Field Mice).

* In the Quintessential Stage of ''Radio/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy'', Van Harl, the Vogon who's taken over the Guide in ''Mostly Harmless'', is combined with Zarniwoop, who was the editor-in-chief in the Secondary Phase and ''The Restaurant at the End of the Universe''. This does not appear to have been done to simplify the story (it doesn't); they simply liked Jonathan Pryce's portrayal of Zarniwoop and wanted him back.
* In the Finnish version of ''Radio/TheMenFromTheMinistry'' the characters Mr. "Whizzer" Wilkins and Mr. "Creepy" Crawley (two civil servants of neighbor offices who were [[SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute pretty much the same one already]], never appearing together and both voiced by John Graham) into "Vinku" Wilkins, taking the former's name, stuttering and absent-mindedness and the latter's VerbalTic.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* Done in ''TabletopGame/VictoryInThePacific'' with locales instead of people. To keep the game manageable, a lot of island bases of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII are combined. E.g. Lae represents multiple bases on the northern half of New Guinea, Saipan also represents Guam & Tinian, Pearl Harbor & Yokosuka Naval Yard stand-in for all of Hawaii & Japan respectively, etc.
* In the TabletopGame/YuGiOh TCG, the "Kozmo" archetype is a [[JustForFun/XMeetsY Mash-up]] of ''StarWars'' and ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' and each card depected is based on a combination characters/object/settings from each source. This trope applies when a card draws inspiration from multiple things from the same source.
** Kozmo Goodwitch is a composite of the good witches from ''Oz'' and Obi-Wan from ''Star Wars'', with elements of Qui-Gon Jinn from the latter (her lightsword is green like Qui-Gon's, and her robes take some inspiration from his).
** Similarly, Kozmoll Wickedwitch combines elements of the wicked witches with Darth Maul (using his distinctive dual-bladed lightsaber) and Darth Vader (she appears at least partially cybernetic).
* ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' had a couple of Composite ''Species'':
** Second edition had the Greyhawk dragon, which was unique to the ''TabletopGame/{{Greyhawk}}'' setting, and the steel dragon (sometimes the Waterdeep dragon) from ''TabletopGame/ForgottenRealms''. Both were metallic-grey dragons with a fondness for human society and the ability to take humanoid form to join it. When the Greyhawk dragon was updated to 3.5 edition in ''Magazine/{{Dragon}}'' magazine, there was a note that some members of the race had ventured beyond Oerth, where they were known as steel dragons.
** Harpies in the game combine the mythological harpy with the siren. They resemble the mythical harpies in appearance (ugly hag-like women with the legs and wings of a vulture) but they had powers and an MO similar to sirens, using entrancing song to lure victims to them.
* In the ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' canon, Moloch replaced Lilith as the ruler of the Sixth Circle, and later was himself replaced by Malagard, the Hag Countess, an adviser who recommended that he defy Asmodeus to his face. ''TabletopGame/TheGatesOfHell'' fan supplement instead has Lilith as triune so that she can serve the role of the Hag Countess.
* According to the 1985 ''Series/DoctorWho'' RPG, the Meddling Monk was a previous [[TheNthDoctor incarnation]] of the Master. This does not appear to be the case in any other version of the Franchise/DoctorWhoExpandedUniverse.

* Billy Flynn, "the silver-tongued prince of the courtroom" of ''Theatre/{{Chicago}}'', was a composite of William Scott Stewart and W. W. O'Brien, the real life attorneys of Belva Gaertner and Beulah Annan (the real life Velma Kelly and Roxie Hart).
* Creator/CirqueDuSoleil's Japan-only tour ''Theatre/{{Fascination}}'' combined acts from ''Theatre/LeCirqueReinvente'' and ''Theatre/NouvelleExperience''; appropriately, the Ringmaster here was a composite of the ''Reinvente'' Ringmaster and the Great Chamberlain of ''Nouvelle'', who served similar emcee functions. This Ringmaster had the ''Reinvente'' costume and backstory of a transformed "Ordinary Person", but was played by ''Nouvelle'''s actor (Brian Dewhurst) and from there participated in the latter show's slackwire act.
* Anthony Burgess combines Cyrano's best friend Le Bret with his Captain Carbon de Jaloux in his adaptation of ''Theatre/CyranoDeBergerac''.
* In ''Theatre/DerRingDesNibelungen'' Hagen is a merging of several versions of the same character. Like in Literature/Nibelungenlied he is a grim figure, like ''Nibelungenlied'' and ''Thidreks Saga'' he kills Siegfried, like ''Thidreks Saga'' his father is an elf and like ''Literature/SagaOfTheVolsungs'' he is Gunther's brother (though the ''Nibelungenlied'' calls him a kinsman the relation is not clear). He also seems to have some merging with [[BastardBastard Bastard Bastards]] like Edmund from Theatre/KingLear.
** Wagner also conflated Loki, Norse god of mischief, with Logi, a god of fire. He may have done this mistakenly, or based his characterisation on a previous scholar who made the mistake.
* In ''{{Theatre/Dreamgirls}}'', Effie White is not only patterned primarily after "third Supreme" Florence Ballard, but also after Etta James and Aretha Franklin.
* In Bernard Pomerance's ''Film/TheElephantMan'', Ross is a composite of Tom Norman (Merrick's manager when Treves met him, and a fairly decent guy as far as P.T. Barnum types go) and the Belgian showman who abandoned him and robbed him of his life's savings.
* Pseudolus from ''Theatre/AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'', an amalgam of various [[TheTrickster trickster servant]] characters from the works of Roman playwright Creator/{{Plautus}}.
* Mimi and Rodolfo in ''Theatre/LaBoheme'' merge the original novel ''Scenes de la Vie de Boheme'''s characters of Mimi and Rodolphe with another couple from the novel, Francine and Jacques, [[spoiler:whose romance also ends with [[IllGirl the girl dying]] [[IncurableCoughOfDeath of tuberculosis.]]]] Details the opera borrows from the latter couple include the way they meet, the operatic Mimi's sweeter personality, and [[spoiler:her romantic death scene, as opposed to the original Mimi's {{Dying Alone}}.]]
* Joanne in ''Theatre/LaBoheme'''s SettingUpdate, ''Theatre/{{Rent}}'', is a [[GenderFlip female version]] of Alcindoro, but also inherits some traits from Marcello (the Mark character).
* In ''Theatre/LesMiserables'', Thenardier's henchman Brujon takes his name from a minor criminal who only associated with Thenardier. His status as TheBrute comes from the novel's Gueulemer. The musical also does away with the Thenardiers' second daughter, Azelma, giving her plot points to Madame Thenardier (which is not difficult, since the point of the character was that she was growing up just like her mother).
* In most productions of the opera ''Theatre/TheMagicFlute'', the role of the Speaker, a dialogue-only character who guides Tamino and Papageno through their second act trials, is merged with that of the old priest Tamino encounters in the first act finale. This has been standard practice for so long that few people know that they originally may not have been the same character.
* The stage version of ''Theatre/{{Newsies}}'' replaces reporter Brian Denton and Jack's love interest Sarah with Katharine Plumber, a reporter who becomes Jack's love interest.
* Almost every adaptation of ''Franchise/ThePhantomOfTheOpera'' transplants most aspects of the Daroga's character into Madame Giry.
** In the original novel, Raoul is a bit of an UpperClassTwit who relies on the Daroga's know-how to survive Erik's machinations. In the musical, the Daroga is omitted, and Raoul becomes much more competent as a result.
* In ''Theatre/PokemonLive'', [=MechaMew2=] is primarily based on Mewtwo, but also has Mew's unique feature of knowing every Pokemon move.
* In the musical version of ''Film/ReeferMadness'', Jimmy Harper is a composite of the original film's protagonist Bill Harper and his girlfriend Mary's kid brother Jimmy.
* In Frank Wildhorn's musical of ''Theatre/TheScarletPimpernel'', Percy's eighteen strong League of The Scarlet Pimpernel (aside from Percy himself and brother-in-law Armand), was folded up into nine men: Dewhurst [[note]]Who also inherits the novel's Ffoulkes position as TheLancer[[/note]], Elton, Farleigh, Ben, Hal, Ozzy, Hastings, Neville, and Leggett. Later revisions cut the later three men out and give their lines to the first six.
* In ''Theatre/SeventeenSeventySix'', John Adams is somewhat combined with his cousin Sam Adams, who doesn't appear in the play. Many people now associate the quote about how there would be trouble "[[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar a hundred years hence]]" if slavery was allowed to continue to John when it was really Sam who said it. (Incidentally, they had to take out the "hundred years" bit because they thought the [[RealityIsUnrealistic audience would never believe it]].)
* Happens too often to count in Shakespeare's history plays, and not just characters, but also with battles and other events.
* ''{{Shadowlands}}'' combines Joy Gresham's two sons into one. This is also done for the film version; the original teleplay kept both sons.
* The musical ''Theatre/ShowBoat'' combined two characters from Edna Ferber's novel, the heavy Frank and the juvenile lead and Elly's husband Schultzy, into Frank Schultz. Ike Keener, the sheriff of Lemonye, and Vallon, the police chief of New Orleans, were similarly combined into Ike Vallon. The 1929 film version of ''Theatre/ShowBoat'' made Hetty Chilson, a character from Ferber's novel that was eliminated from the musical, an alternate identity of Julie.
* Part of the reason that ''Theatre/TheThreepennyOpera'' is DarkerAndEdgier than the original ''Beggars Opera'' is because of this trope. In the original, Macheath is a fairly sympathetic (if lecherous) example of TheHighwayman, and Peachum is a corrupt thief-taker (he works both sides of the law- he conspires with criminals, but also turns those criminals in for a reward when they're outlived their usefulness to him). In Brecht's version, Peachum, while still corrupt, is the head of a beggar's guild, and Macheath is a much more unpleasant gangster. This version of Macheath is a "grass" and he gets the lines of the original Peachum when he treacherously plots to turn the loyal members of his gang to save his own skin.
* Some productions of ''Theatre/TwelfthNight'' cut Fabian and give his role in Act II, Scene V to Feste. In fairness, it's almost ''too'' easy to do this, since Maria earlier tells Toby, Andrew ''and'' Feste to show up for the said scene, and Fabian never appears until that moment, when he's introduced as a whole new character who has inexplicably been invited to join the fun, [[WhatHappenedToTheMouse while Feste is nowhere to be found]]. Some analysts have speculated that Fabian was invented for [[RealLifeWritesThePlot some practical reason or other]], and that Feste was originally supposed to appear in the scene.
* In ''Theatre/{{Wicked}}'', Fiyero and Boq, via spells by Elphaba and Nessarose, are transformed into the Scarecrow and the Tinman. In the original novel, they were all separate characters.
** Fiyero's musical counterpart is also a composite of the original Fiyero (Elphaba's love interest and a prince) and minor character from the book named Avaric (most of his personality traits). Meanwhile the name "Avaric" was given to a retainer of Fiyero who is only seen onstage breifly.
* In the Opera of ''Literature/AllTheKingsMen'', entitled Willie Stark, Stark's aide Jack Burden supplants his love interest Anne's brother, Adam, in ultimately [[spoiler: killing Stark.]]
* ''[[ComicStrip/{{Peanuts}} You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown]]'' has Patty, whose lines and scenes come not only from the original comic strip's Patty (not to be confused with the later Peppermint Patty), but also Violet, Frieda, and Sally (enough of Sally, in fact, that the Broadway revival went ahead and re-identified the character).
* ''Theatre/MerrilyWeRollAlong'': Joe Josephson, Gussie Carnegie's producer and husband whom she divorces for Frank in the musical, is a composite of two characters from the original play, a producer named P. J. Morton and an actor husband named Harry Nixon (who is SparedByTheAdaptation).
* In ''[[Film/{{Elf}} Elf: The Musical]]'', Walter's boss Mr. Greenway is a combination of Mr. Greenway and Miles Finch from the movie.
* In the Creator/ReducedShakespeareCompany's ''Shakespeare's Long-Lost First Play (abridged)'', the conceit is that this massive tome (a "quarto-pounder") contains elements and characters from all Shakespeare's later plays. In addition to characters gaining elements of another character because of who they're playing off (such as Lady Macbeth encouraging her fiance Hamlet to be more Macbethy) there are a few explicit composites: Dromeo is Launce from ''Two Gentlemen of Verona'' with Romeo elements; Richard III turns into Richard II when his hunchback is removed; and Lear's daughters are the three witches.
* In ''Para Handy - A Voyage Round The Stories of Neil Munro'', Sunny Jim, who was introduced in the second ''Para Handy'' book, takes The Tar's place in scenes based on stories from the first book. (Except the bit based on "The Valentine Card That Missed Fire", in which Sunny Jim stands in for Dougie, and Dougie stands in for The Tar.)
* In the [[Theatre/{{Heathers}} musical version]] of ''Heathers'', Martha gains the friendship with Veronica and upbeat personality of Betty from the [[Film/{{Heathers}} film version]].
* In ''Film/{{Flashdance}}: TheMusical'', Jeanie and Tina Tech from the film are combined into Gloria.
* The post-Broadway stage productions of ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', excluding the Junior version, [[AdaptedOut adapt out]] Carlotta and give her lines to Grimsby.
* ''Stupid F^%!ing Bird'', a modern deconstruction of ''Theatre/TheSeagull'', composites Sorin and his physician Dr. Dorn as Dr. Sorn.
* The character of Thuy in ''Theatre/MissSaigon'' is a composite of two characters in ''Theatre/MadameButterfly'': Cio-Cio-San's uncle the Bonze, who disrupts her wedding to denounce her for [[ConvertingForLove converting to Christianity]], and Yamadori, a rich man whose marriage proposal she rejects in Act II. He also gains {{Adaptational Villainy}} and [[spoiler: {{Death By Adaptation}}]].

* The ''Series/DoctorWho'' promotion for Walls' Sky Ray ice lollies meant you got printed cards featuring stories about the Doctor on them. The company didn't have the rights to use the likenesses of either of the actors who had played the character at that point, and so the artwork featured a Doctor based on a fusion between William Hartnell and Patrick Troughton.
* Ekimu from ''Toys/{{Bionicle 2015}}'' is a composite of at least three characters from the [[Toys/{{Bionicle}} original run]]:
** Mata Nui: ancient BigGood praised by his people, enticing jealousy from his (metaphorical) brother Makuta, which leads to the latter becoming the BigBad. Falls into a coma from which six legendary Toa heroes have to awaken him.
** Artakha: hammer-wielding mask maker who wears the Mask of Creation. Like Ekimu, Artakha also had a feud with a less talented "brother", with the latter getting banished to a place of darkness -- in essence this makes the new Makuta a composite of the original Makuta and Artakha's aforementioned rival, Karzahni.
** Takua/Takanuva: an islander with a short stature who eventually becomes [[SixthRanger the Seventh Toa]], the Toa of Light, although Ekimu adopts this form only briefly and modestly rejects the title.
** Ekimu being an exposition-delivering but suspiciously secretive mentor also makes him similar to Turaga Vakama (who was likewise a mask maker), though Ekimu shares this role with Narmoto, the Protector of Fire.
* ''Franchise/{{Transformers}}'':
** ''Generations'' Blitzwing, while based on the original G1 character, features a face-swapping gimmick with a "cold" and "crazy" face alongside his default one, just like Blitzwing in ''WesternAnimation/TransformersAnimated''.
** As a curious EasterEgg, removing the faceplate on ''Masterpiece'' Wheeljack (based off his G1 incarnation) [[https://static.seibertron.com/images/toys/files/43/r_mp-20-wheeljack-211.jpg reveals a fully sculpted face]] that resembles Wheeljack's ''WesternAnimation/TransformersAnimated'' incarnation.
* The Crimson Dynamo figure featured in Creator/{{Hasbro}}'s ''Film/IronMan2'' line is the original Anton Vanko version, but sports the armor of Dmitri Bukharin, the fifth user of the name in the comics.
* The ''Titans Return'' line revolves around the Titan Masters; small Cybertronians function like the Headmasters in the original toyline. However, while they're complely robotic (as in ''Anime/TransformersHeadmasters''), they bond with sentient Transformers like the original [[HumanAliens Nebulans]] did, as opposed to controlling lifeless bodies. In addition, they bestow powers onto their partners and are fought over by both sides for these, much like the Mini-Cons in ''Anime/TransformersArmada''.
*** The [=TakaraTomy=] ''Legends'' line (that features repainted and often improved releases of western molds from the ''Generations'' lines starting from midway through the ''Thrilling 30'' line until ''Titans Return'') retconned all the Titan Master figures into Headmasters, with the comics (both online and inside the packages) explaining how many characters got turned into Headmasters and forced to use Transtectors based on their old forms. Also, in the later waves Targetmasters (which are not found in the Hasbro releases) are introduced: while the ones that were in the ''Headmasters'' anime are still robots, the ones that were seen only in ''The Rebirth'' (Firebolt, Recoil and Haywire, respectively found with Hot Rod, Kup and Doublecross[[note]]Haywire is supposed to be Blurr's Targetmaster, but it was given to Doublecross because Blurr was already released long ago[[/note]]) are made into human characters transformed with [[Anime/TransformersSuperGodMasterforce Masterbraces]]: Firebolt is Shaoshao Li from ''Kiss Players'', Recoil is Sue[[note]]Marissa Faireborne and Dirk Manus's daughter, introduced in the comics included with the ''Unite Warriors'' combiner giftsets[[/note]] and Haywire is original character White Lune (who is supposed to be the younger sister of Beastformer White Leo, AKA Pirate Lion from the ''Battle Beasts'' toyline)
** The ''Power of the Primes'' line features the Prime Masters, small sized incarnations of the Original Thirteen who give powers to their partners Mini-Con style, and go around wearing "Decoy Suits" to disguise themselves as the Pretenders from the original line (Vector Prime goes as Metalhawk, Liege Maximo as Skullgrin, The Fallen as Bomb-Burst and so on), and the suits also transform into weapons for larger Transformers, akin to Targetmasters.

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/SomethingPositive'' does this with its LifeEmbellished cast, featuring at least a few people who are based off of various people the author has met, merged into one person.
* ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive'' merged a background character unofficially called Shy Girl with a minor character named Rhoda who then became more of a supporting character.
* ''Webcomic/ArthurKingOfTimeAndSpace''
** The final strip of the ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer''-pastiche arc had the revelation that Arthur (who up til then had been Xander) was a werewolf, and Guenevere realising this was also a ''Literature/{{Twilight}}'' pastiche. So..
*** Guenevere = Buffy Summers/Bella Swan
*** Lancelot = Angel/Edward Cullen
*** Arthur = Xander Harris/Jacob Black/Probably "Oz" Osbourne
** Come to that, ''all'' the pastiche arcs make the characters into composites of the AKOTAS characters and the characters from the work being pastiched.
** In the strip's take on the hunt where Arthur's horse dies under him and he then meets King Pellinore, the yeoman who brings Arthur a fresh horse is the same as the prophetic young boy who appears after Pellinore takes the horse and [[spoiler: turns out to be Merlin]].

[[folder:Web Original]]
* Being an adaptation of TTA ''WebAnimation/{{TOME}}'' has a bunch of these.
** Nylocke seems to be a mash-up of Nailock and Kirbopher15 from the original. [[spoiler: Justified, because Kirbopher and Zetto are the same character in this new incarnation, any conflict between Kirbopher15 and Zetto from the original would no longer work. As a result, Nylcoke is the one who imprisions the Forbidden Power into the drain edge/sword instead of Kirbopher and also tried to convince him to not take the game so seriously during the Gemini Tournament. ]]
** And then there's Kizuna, who combines Ruri and [[spoiler: Voltarius]] from the original. She's still Zetto's partner, but in this version, [[spoiler:Kizuna is the leader of the hackers while Zetto (who kind of acts like a second-in-command here) doubles as Kirbopher instead.]]
** And don't even get started on Swordicon, who might've inspired the idea that [[spoiler: Kirbopher and Zetto]] are the same person.
* A variation occurred in ''Webvideo/ThereWillBeBrawl'': While fans were still awaiting [[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaOcarinaOfTime Young Link]] and [[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaTheWindWaker Toon Link]] to finally show up or be mentioned, like every other character in ''VideoGame/SuperSmashBros'', it's eventually revealed that [[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaTwilightPrincess Link]] also ''is'' Young Link and Toon Link. They were compressed into one character. Link looks at a photo of his younger self. This photo includes both, Young Link[=/=]Toon Link, implying that they are both the same guy during the same period of time. Link is just their grown-up version.
* Roleplay/{{Crinoverse}} The Crinoverse, existing as it does as a combination of multiple superhero universes, has a few of these. There's the Justice Avengers, a combination of the JLA and the Avengers, and a few others-Psimon is a combination of the Champions character and the DC character of the same name.
* Present on Wiki/ThisVeryWiki - Pantheon/TropePantheons have Hercules, who is composite of Hercules from Series/HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys, [[Disney/{{Hercules}} Disney Hercules]], Hercules from VideoGame/GodOfWar, Berserker from VisualNovel/FateStayNight and ComicBook/TheIncredibleHercules. And probably all other versions of the character.
* ''WebVideo/TheLizzieBennetDiaries'', a present-day adaptation of ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudice'', has several changes:
** The Bennet family has three daughters instead of five: Jane, Lizzie and Lydia. Lydia has shades of Kitty (she's not as insufferable as Lydia in the books and, in a sense, has a happier ending). Mary Bennet is present as the girls' cousin.
** Bing Lee, the adaptation's version of Mr. Bingley, only has one sister instead of two, Caroline Lee. She also fulfills the role of Anne de Bourgh as a girl who Catherine de Bourgh sees as Darcy's girlfriend and at the end, Caroline's part corresponds to Lady Catherine as someone who unintentionally brings the main couple together when she tries to separate them.
* ''WebVideo/EmmaApproved'' takes place in the same [[TheVerse verse]] as ''The Lizzie Bennet Diaries''. The latter's Caroline Lee is a verse-spanning Composite Character by taking the place of ''Literature/{{Emma}}'s'' Augusta Elton.
* ''WebVideo/UniversityEverAfter'' combines several characters:
** [[PeterPan "The Captain," aka "Hook,"]] has a real name -- [[Disney/TheLittleMermaid Eric.]]
** [[spoiler:Literature/SnowWhite]] is one of [[Literature/{{Cinderella}} Ella's]] step-sisters.
** There's a reason [[Literature/TheLittleMermaid the swimmer who dreams of leaving the water]] is called "Ari" instead of [[Disney/TheLittleMermaid "Ariel"]]. It's actually short for [[Disney/TheLittleMermaid Ari]]''[[Disney/{{Frozen}} anna]]'', and she's the beloved cousin of [[Disney/{{Frozen}} Elsie, a talented chemist whose gift can sometimes also be a dangerous curse.]]
* In general, if a fighter tends to have multiple sources of canon, ''WebAnimation/DeathBattle'' will often take information from most, if not all of them (as long as they don't directly contradict with the original or most accepted source material) in order to give that fighter a good round-out of abilities. Examples of this include Franchise/{{Batman}} using [[VideoGame/BatmanArkhamOrigins shock gloves]] against Franchise/CaptainAmerica and Franchise/RoboCop not only employing the weapons he used in the films, but also the tactical discs and rambot devices he used in ''[[Series/RoboCopTheSeries The Series]]'' against [[Franchise/{{Terminator}} The Terminator]]. [[spoiler: Even hallucinations seem to be fair game as even though ComicBook/TheJoker has used a Jokermobile before, the Joker vs. [[VideoGame/TwistedMetal Sweet Tooth]] episode features the Joker employing the vandalized Batmobile version of the Jokermobile in the last Scarecrow hallucination in ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamKnight''.]] This is comically defied in the battle between [[Franchise/KingdomHearts Sora]] and [[VideoGame/KidIcarus Pit]] as Wiz flatly refuses to involve Pit's counterpart from ''WesternAnimation/CaptainNTheGameMaster'', Kid Icarus.