Comic-Book Adaptation

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You saw it on the screen! Now read the comic strip!

Movies and TV shows are often adapted into comic book form. Comics have certain advantages over other media: They are much easier and cheaper to produce than TV shows, and since the reader isn't restricted to experiencing the story at a particular time each day, the creators are more free to write longer-running, more complex stories.

Such adaptations tend to take three forms:
  1. The comic retells the story of the original work.
  2. The comic takes the characters and setting of the original, but tells a different series of stories.
  3. The comic continues where the original left off, or fills in the backstory.

In cases where the comic is intended to be released right from the start, it sometimes appears before the work from which it is adapted.

Comic book adaptations of movies were fairly common in the 1970's and 1980's, before home videos became common. In those days, a comic book was the easiest way to re-experience a movie no longer playing in theatres. But because of Animation Lead Time the comics were often written and drawn based on earlier scripts than the final draft, and before the movie was edited, which could result in scenes appearing in the comic adaptation that was never in the movie.

Another phenomenon is a comic strip series based on a famous celebrity. These comics are usually cheaply produced and part of the Cash Cow Merchandise around the media star himself. Sometimes the original celebrity is involved in the creation, but often it happens without his knowledge or approval. As soon as the fad around the star dies out these comics usually die a quick death.

See also Anime First. For comics adapted into other media, see Live-Action Adaptation, Animated Adaptation, and Licensed Game. Sometimes, the end product will actually be called Name: The Comic Book.

Examples

    open/close all folders 

    General 
  • Western Publishing (Dell Comics, Gold Key) did adaptations of many movies and TV shows, usually taking extensive liberties with the story and its continuity.

    Adapted from Anime 
  • Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha The Comics. Covers the quiet moments not shown in the anime before, during, and after the season that it supplements.
  • Vision of Escaflowne was adapted into two different, simultaneously published mangas. One was aimed at boys, and focused on the fighting at the expense of the Love Dodecahedron. The other was aimed at girls, and went into much more detail of the love story while downplaying the fighting aspect. Both are considered inferior to the anime.
  • Haruhi Suzumiya is an interesting example. The first manga adaptation was based off the light novels; however, it was utterly terrible, and when the anime was released, the author actually disowned his manga out of shame, and instead gave way for another, much better manga adaptation, this time based off the anime.
  • While the Pokémon mainline franchise has a few notable game-derived manga in their own rights, The Electric Tale of Pikachu is set in a verse heavily influenced by the first two seasons of the anime. Later seasons and the movies also got their own manga adaptations. Anime adaptations (including Electric Tale) are Type 2, the movie adaptations are Type 1.
  • The two Tenchi Muyo! manga, No Need for Tenchi and The All-New Tenchi Muyo! (Tenchi Muyo! and Shin Tenchi Muyo! in Japan) is this. It was initially just a two volume story set in the OVA-verse, but when it proved popular, it kept going for an impressive 22-volume run, greatly expanding on the universe (even if it was just for that canon) and the characters living there.
  • A type 2 manga of The Big O was released.
  • The Detective Conan movies have manga adaptations...well, at least some of them. The Raven Chaser is the latest one to get a manga adaption as of far. They're type 1.

    Adapted from Comics 
  • Little Lulu comic books themselves were adapted from single-panel magazine cartoons that ran in Saturday Evening Post. The comic books are probably more well-known (and well-received) than the source material.
  • In a strange example, the W.I.T.C.H. comic was adapted into a manga to be published in Japan. There have also been manga adaptations of other existing "western-style" comic books, including Spider-Man and even Sabrina the Teenage Witch (albeit the latter was incorporated into the actual Archie publication itself).
  • There was also a Batman manga.
  • Many newspaper strips have had comic book adaptations, with longer stories involving the characters. These include:
    • Peanuts (Dell, 1960-62; Gold Key, 1962-64; KaBoom, 2011-present).
      • Schulz only drew the first issue; the rest were done by assistants.
    • Nancy (Dell, 1960-62)
    • Dennis the Menace (US) (Fawcett, 1959-79; Marvel 1981-82)
    • Heathcliff (Marvel, 1985-91)
    • Blondie (Charlton, 1969-76)
    • Beetle Bailey (1956-80, through Dell, Gold Key, King Comics, and Charlton)
    • Popeye (1948-84 through Dell, Gold Key, King Comics, Charlton, and Whitman; 1993-94 through Harvey; 2012-present through IDW)
    • Garfield (KaBoom, 2012-15).

    Adapted from Celebrities 
  • Many film comedians have had Newspaper Comics based on them: Charlie Chaplin, Harry Langdon and Laurel and Hardy, for instance.
  • Urbanus: This long-running comic strip series is based on the popular Flemish comedian Urbanus. He is directly involved in the creative process and writes all the scripts. Since he is popular in both Flanders and the Netherlands the comics sell extraordinarily well.
  • Woody Allen: Yes! Even he had his own newspaper comic strip, drawn by Stuart Hample.
  • Dennis P. Eichhorn drew a comic strip about Wild Man Fischer once.
  • The comic strip "Sjef Van Oekel" (called "Léon la Terreur" in French and "Leo, der Terrorist" in German.) by Theo Van Den Boogaard and Wim T. Schippers was based on a comedic character created by Dolf Brouwers. Since Schippers already wrote Brouwers' monologues he worked along with the comic strip scripts as well. Despite being a very popular comic strip Brouwers eventually took Schippers and Van Den Boogaard to court because his character was continuously shown in very vulgar and obscene situations. This ended the comic strip series effectively.
  • Bassie & Adriaan: Had a comic strip based on them drawn by Frans Verschoor, and direct involvement from one of the comedians themselves: Aad van Toor (who played Adriaan).

     Adapted from Fan Works 

    Adapted from Films — Animation 
  • Several Disney movies have some, which either end up in their own special promotional comic book/mini-series, or simply in the pages of Walt Disney's Comics and Stories. Sometimes both.
  • Gold Key's adaptation of The Beatles Yellow Submarine follows the basic premise of the film — the Blue Meanies attacking Pepperland—but it changes the entire continuity. A more faithful adaptation was planned in the late 90s after the movie was re-released on DVD but Apple (the Beatles' corporate entity) nixed it.
  • Marvel Comics did a An American Tail: Fievel Goes West comic. It's Off Model. Very off model.
  • The Twelve Tasks of Asterix was adapted into the unofficial comic book story Asterix Conquers Rome.
  • Daisy Town and La Ballade des Dalton were later adapted as an official comic strip album in the Lucky Luke canon.
  • Tintin And The Lake Of Sharks has been adapted to a comic strip too, though this is not officially part of the Tintin canon and it's more or less a collection of screenshots from the film with text balloons added.
  • The Transformers: The Movie had two adaptations:
    • Original 1986 adaptation by Ralph Macchio (no, not that one) for Marvel Comics. Notable in that not only was it based on an earlier form of the script, but artist Don Perlin had to rely on earlier character models as well.
    • 20th Anniversary adaptation, titled Transformers: The Animated Movie, by Bob Budiansky for IDW Publishing. Notable for attempting to fix a few errors and Plot Holes from the film.

    Adapted from Films — Live-Action 
  • The Wizard of Oz, with versions by DC and Marvel. The first Marvel/DC collaboration was an oversized edition of MGM's Marvelous Wizard of Oz, based on the 1939 film. Marvel had almost completed its adaptation when they discovered that DC was working on their own adaptation and held the actual rights.
  • Graphic novels based on Clive Barker's Hellraiser were more like anthologies of short illustrated stories that invited writers and artists to contribute their own interpretations to the continuity. Adaptations of the movies were made later, and Pinhead had his own (brief) regular title with Marvel.
  • The 2010 The A-Team had two four-issue series released just prior to the film.
  • Inception had a one-shot comic, The Cobol Job, which recounts the events immediately leading up to the movie. A motion comic version is included in the Blu-ray release of the film.
  • An especially interesting example of these was Harvey's adaptation of The Flintstones. It presented the film's story in two forms — one drawn in the live-action style, the other drawn in the cartoon's style.
  • Similar to Flintstones movie instance, a comic adaptation of Ghostbusters II was published, with the characters drawn in their cartoon designs.
  • In addition to adaptations of the first two movies, Bill & Ted's Excellent Comic Book was a continuation of the Bill & Ted series, starting after the second film. It was written by Evan Dorkin, published by Marvel Comics, and ran for twelve issues.
  • The now-defunct publishers Dell Comics and Gold Key Comics published many standalone adaptations of movies from the 1950s through the 1970s, including many Walt Disney titles. Dell published many of these under its Four Color anthology title.
  • Labyrinth has one, though it's based on the novelization. Justified, seeing as it would be hard to put the musical numbers into a comic book.
  • Pacific Rim: Tales From Year Zero which was written by the film's screenwriter Travis Beacham. The comic acts as a prequel to the film covering the events of the first Kaiju attack, how the Jaegers were created and goes into details about the backstories of characters such as Stacker Pentecost and Mako Mori.

    Adapted from Literature 
  • The Saga of Darren Shan has a very faithful manga adaptation.
  • The first three The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy books were adapted by DC Comics.
  • The Dark Tower currently has an ongoing comic adaptation being published by Marvel, both adapting portions of the novels and introducing new material.
  • Battle Royale has had a manga made. The manga series differs from the novel in three areas. It is far more graphic (not surprising, considering it's in a visual format), spends much more time on developing the whole cast of characters, and ramps up the action as it approaches the conclusion.
  • The first two Artemis Fowl books. They retell the plot accurately and well, the art is quite eyecatching, and the graphic novels are pretty well-liked among casual fans, but the character designs have been criticized. A lot. Among the criticisms are characters who pass as human in the books looking like they couldn't pass for Rubber-Forehead Aliens, Foaly the centaur appearing to have the top half of a baboon rather than a human, and just plain contradictions with the originals — Artemis's eyes not being blue is comparatively minor, but a pet peeve for his fangirls. Captain Holly Short, the heroine, is arguably recognizable only by her role in the story, as other than being female and attractive, the drawings have nothing in common with the descriptions — among other things, her hair is an ash-brown bob instead of an auburn crew cut, and her skin colour has changed from coffee-brown to almost exactly the same shade as Artemis's.
  • The first book of Robert Asprin's Myth Adventures series was adapted into comic form by him and Phil Foglio; the adaptation was mostly faithful, but there were some noticeable differences, mostly to do with the motivations and ultimate fate of the Big Bad.
  • Some of the Discworld novels — The Colour of Magic, The Light Fantastic, Mort, and Guards! Guards! — have been adapted into graphic novels.
  • Maximum Ride:
  • Classics Illustrated printed comic versions of classic literature, such as Moby-Dick, for 20 years.
    • Though a few comic book adaptations of the novels of Jane Austen existed prior to 2009, they were mostly small press, low profile works, such as the Graphic Classics inclusion of a short, black-and-white Northanger Abbey in their "Gothic Classics" anthology. However, in 2009, Marvel Comics revamped the "Marvel Illustrated" line and started adapting the novels. So far, Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility, and Emma have been adapted, with Hugo Petrus, Sonny Liew, and Janet Lee on art, respectively, and Nancy Butler on scripting. Northanger Abbey is scheduled to start shipping November 2011, with art again by Lee.
  • Deltora Quest has a manga adaptation to go along with its anime and Video Game counterparts, which mostly follow the original story but with a few changes (hair color changes, changes in story sequences, more battles...). Most of which have yet to come out of Japan.
  • Richard Matheson's seminal vampire novel I Am Legend (responsible for inspiring both Charlton Heston's The Omega Man and George A. Romero's Night of the Living Dead (1968)) was put in graphic novel form a few years ago. It is a great work, all black and white art, and contains virtually all of the original's text. Anyone reading it before reading the original novel could be forgiven for assuming it was a word for word transcription!
  • Quite a few of Neil Gaiman's novels and short stories have been adapted to comic book form.
    • Neverwhere had a 9 issue adaptation by Mike Carey which was otherwise pretty good but left out a few things (Lamia's not in it).
    • Coraline has a graphic novel adaptation by P. Craig Rusell that retains every scene and all the dialogue.
    • Dark Horse Comics published 3 trade paperbacks adapting his short stories; Harlequin Valentine, Murder Mysteries and 'Creatures of The Night' (it collects 'The Price' and 'Daughter of Owls')
    • The Sandman: The Dream Hunters, the only Sandman novel, was turned into a comic book by Vertigo.
    • His short story 'Goliath' (the one based on The Matrix) was illustrated and put in with the Matrix comics.
  • The Warrior Cats series has four manga trilogies and a standalone volume that tell some side stories, such as a villain's backstory and what happened to a character when he disappeared for several books. The Super Editions, after the first one, also started doing a short manga chapter at the end that shows a brief scene that takes place after the end of the book.
  • Agatha Christie has over fifteen graphic novel adaptations of her works.
  • The comic version of Left Behind. Unfortunately only the first book of the series and Tribulation Force were adapted.
  • The Bible. Several in fact.
  • Sci-fi author Harry Harrison saw two of The Stainless Steel Rat novels adapted into comic form for British serial comic 2000AD. The two strips were later released in Graphic Novel format.
  • The Book of the Named has an adaptation planned for its first novel (Ratha's Creature), successfully funded on Kickstarter.
  • The Uglies series has a graphic novel trilogy, showing the events of each book from Shay's point of view.
  • A comicbook serial adaptation of Bram Stoker's Dracula ran in the pages of Marvel Comics's Dracula Lives. After the book was cancelled, the remaining chapter was released in Legion of Monsters.
  • The first three issues of The Monster of Frankenstein adapt Mary Shelley's Frankenstein in a form of flashbacks.
    • It's also been adapted into a full graphic novel by the illustrator Gris Grimly.
  • Beautiful Creatures received a manga adaptation entitled Beautiful Creatures: The Manga, in February 2013 shortly before The Film of the Book was released.
  • De Leeuw Van Vlaanderen ("The Lion of Flanders") by Belgian author Hendrik Conscience was adapted in comic book format by Bob De Moor. The quality of this adaptation is outstanding!
  • Till Eulenspiegel was adapted into two comic book stories by Willy Vandersteen. The first one followed the original novel and stories closely. The second one was totally new.
  • Billy Bunter has been adapted into a succesful comic strip series too. In the Netherlands he is probably better known as a comic strip character than as a literary figure.
  • All three books in The Infernal Devices trilogy have received manga adaptations.
  • James Bond
    • All fourteen original Bond books by Ian Fleming received adaptations in comic strip form. This also goes for Colonel Sun, the first non-Fleming novel.
    • SilverFin, the first book in the Young Bond spin-off series, was adapted into a graphic novel and released by Disney Publishing in 2008.
  • The City of Ember received a Graphic Novel adaptation in 2012.
  • Isaac Asimov's Foundation series has actually been adapted into manga form under the title Ginga Teikoku Kōbōshi.
  • Tantei Team KZ Jiken Note has its first novel, The Missing Bike Knows, adopted into manga and serialized in Nakayoshi.

    Adapted from Live-Action TV 
  • Smallville now has its "season 11" comics.
  • The Babylon 5 comic is fully "in continuity", covering early events only mentioned in passing in the TV show.
  • Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel both have sequel comics continuing on from where their shows ended currently being published.
    • Angel also has comic adaptations of some of the TV series' stories.
    • Both also had Type 2 comics while the shows were on the air.
  • The Prisoner was given a sequel in the four-issue comic miniseries "Shattered Visage" (books A through D), later collected, of course, in one volume. Patrick McGoohan read it and said he didn't hate it.
  • There's 50+ years' worth of Doctor Who comics across various publishers. The style of later (1990s to present) comics have strongly influenced the 2005 television revival; Russell T Davies is an avowed fan of the comics, even writing into Doctor Who Magazine to praise a particular character development.
  • There are two Firefly comic miniseries, Those Left Behind and Better Days, which fill in events between the series and the movie.
  • The first Star Trek comic started in 1967. Since then, the license has jumped between various publishers; currently, it's held by IDW, who publish stories based on the TV series and the movie reboot.
  • Pushing Daisies will have a 12-issue series from DC Comics to close out loose ends and unresolved plots from the series, written by Bryan Fuller. At least it has been announced.
  • Even Married... with Children had a few years' worth of original comics based on it.
  • Charmed has a season 9 in comic book form.
  • In addition to the above, it should be noted that the now-defunct publishers Dell Comics, Gold Key Comics, and Charlton Comics published dozens upon dozens of comic books based upon TV series of the day, from westerns and sci-fi, to straight dramas. Some, like Gold Key's version of The Twilight Zone (1959), ran for decades after the original series ended. Many others ran for only one or two issues. One of the best examples of "keeping it alive" was a comic based upon a short-lived Boris Karloff series entitled Thriller. After the series was cancelled after one season, Gold Key, rather than cancelling the comic book version, renamed it Boris Karloff Tales of Mystery and kept it going for 20 years after the series ended and more than 10 years after Karloff himself died.
  • In Great Britain there have been numerous long-running publications featuring licensed comic strips based upon TV series. TV Comic ran for some 1,700 issues starting in 1952, and there was also TV Action, Countdown, TV Century 21 (aka TV 21) - based on Gerry Anderson's puppet series primarily, and Look-In, as well as a handful of series-specific publications such as Doctor Who Magazine (formerly Doctor Who Weekly/Doctor Who Monthly) which has featured an original comic strip based upon the TV series since 1979.
  • Apparently, there's a manga adaptation of Bones on the way. It's rumored to be a prequel of the show but there's not much info at the moment.
  • There have been a number of attempts to create comics based on Power Rangers. Gladstone did two mini-series based off of season 2. Marvel did an adaptation of Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers: The Movie along with two series based off of season 3, one of them with back-up stories featuring VR Troopers. Image attempted to do one for Power Rangers Zeo, but it ended up ceasing after its first issue. Acclaim Comics released a few comics based on Power Rangers Turbo, including a crossover with the Beetleborgs. Tokyopop did a series of Cine-Manga for Power Rangers Dino Thunder and Disney Adventures did a series of comics based off of Power Rangers S.P.D. With the exception of the movie and the SPD series, they were all Type 2s.
  • Marvel Comics published an adaptation of the original Battlestar Galactica TV movie, and then (unusually for most comics based on TV series) went on to adapt some of the early episodes as well before branching into original stories (the comic ran for nearly two years, outliving the TV series). Dynamite Comics later published comics based on the classic series alongside its adaptations of the remake.
  • Due to what can charitably be called a case of "getting totally shafted in favor of Battlestar Galactica", Farscape got a comic spin-off a few years after the miniseries finale, which was a truncated version of the show's promised fifth season. The comic series gave the show's executive producer a chance to further some languishing plot threads like Rygel's quest for his throne, which is the very first story arc.
  • There was a newspaper comic strip based on Dallas that ran from 1981 to 1984.
  • In a recursive example Arrow (itself based on the comic book Green Arrow) has a comic book adaptation published by DC Comics (the same company that publishes Green Arrow). The comic fills in parts of the backstory, and deals with what happens between episodes of the TV series. The Flash adaptation comic starts before the series, as "Season Zero" (the Arrow comics are "Season x.5").
    • On a similar note, the 1966 Batman series received a type 2 adaptation, Batman '66, over 40 years after the series ended.
    • As did Wonder Woman, as Wonder Woman '77.
  • Grimm has a comic book adaptation from Dynamite Comics telling new stories. It is supposedly set in the same continuity as the TV series, although it has yet to be seen how well the two mesh.
  • Samson En Gert was adapted as a succesful children's comic book series by Wim Swerts and Jean-Pol.
  • FC De Kampioenen has also been made into a successful children's comic book series whose success has in fact surpassed many other comic strips in Flanders and even the length of the original TV sitcom it was based on.
  • '60s British TV series The Avengers has received a few adaptations, typically under the title Steed and Mrs Peel, to avoid confusion with the other Avengers.
  • Another recursive example comes from Marvel in the form of the 2014 volume of "S.H.I.E.L.D.", which is adapted from the MCU series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.. The comic is a loose adaptation of the first season's format (but not plot) and introduces most of the show's main original characters into the comics universe.

    Adapted From Music 

    Adapted from Professional Wrestling 
  • CMLL and the other Mexican promotions they worked for helped put out comic books for Fray Tormenta, Místico and Dark Angel. And of course the most famous of Luchador to become a comic book character was El Santo.
  • There was a comic book of The Undertaker during his 90s run in the WWF.

    Adapted from Puppet Shows 
  • The Muppet Show has been turned into a comic book, The Muppet Show Comic Book. While it doesn't have guest stars (for obvious reasons), it does well on focusing on characters and manages to get a lot of the show's regular sketches in.
  • Sesame Street finally got a comic book adaptation in the second quarter of 2013.
  • Fraggle Rock had a comic adaptation from Marvel in the eighties, and a 2010 comic from Archaia Press in the same nonstandard 8x8" format as Mouse Guard.

    Adapted from Theater 

    Adapted from Toys 
  • Marvel Comics started adapting toy lines with no previous associated fiction into comic books in The '70s, and ended up working directly with Hasbro on some of their properties in The '80s.
    • Micronauts began the trend, thanks to Bill Mantlo, who had been inspired by the toys he'd purchased for his son, and convinced Jim Shooter to get the license to produce a comic. The series helped define the Microverse, an alternate dimension adjacent to the Marvel Universe that is typically accessed through mass displacement via shrinking. While the license has long expired, the concepts (and many of the characters) created for this series remain a part of the greater Marvel Universe.
    • ROM Space Knight was another adaptation by Bill Mantlo, this time based on a single action figure rather than a full toy line. Like Micronauts, ROM was also a part of the Marvel Universe. While this license has also expired, the only thing they can't use is Rom himself - specifically, his name and Spaceknight body. But, since Rom retired at the end of his series and returned to human form, he's made a few unnamed cameos.
    • US-1 was an adaptation of a line of slot-racing eighteen-wheeler trucks. The comic was about a trucker who received cybernetic implants and a tricked-out truck after a horrible accident. Years after the series, the character was brought back as a Space Trucker under a slightly different name.
    • Hasbro approached Marvel to help create a backstory for their reimagining of the G.I. Joe franchise. Larry Hama had, at that time, made a pitch to Marvel for a series called Fury Force, which would've pit a counter-terrorist team led by the son of Nick Fury against Hydra, and he was able to rework that concept into G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero. Notably, it was the first comic book to receive a television commercial, which would later spawn a cartoon series.
    • Transformers:
    • Hasbro came back to Marvel to pull together the various transforming toys they'd licensed from Japan (mostly from Takara's Diaclone and Micro Change lines) into one coherent storyline. The comic and cartoon were developed simultaneously, with the latter changing a few details from the former and creating its own continuity (much as had happened with G.I. Joe). In spite of being a completely different continuity from the cartoon, one issue of the comic was an adaptation of the cartoon episode "The Big Broadcast of 2006", which was regarded as non-canon by both the US and UK versions of the comic.
      • The Transformers comic license has gone through several companies since, as well as various manga adaptations in Japan (though those are usually closely tied to their related anime series). Dreamwave revived the Generation 1 franchise and provided its own adaptation of the Unicron Trilogy, at least until the company went bankrupt. IDW Publishing has had the license since 2007, creating its own G1 universe, as well as tie-ins to the live-action film series and Aligned Universe. Fun Publications, meanwhile, produces comics based on the Collector's Club and BotCon exclusive toys, and have published Beast Wars and Beast Machines stories as well.
    • Some of Hasbro's other 80s properties were also given comics by Marvel under their younger-reader Star Comics imprint (and usually tied in more directly with an Animated Adaptation if there was one): Inhumanoids, Visionaries, and Air Raiders.
  • Throughout the full span of its run, BIONICLE was accompanied by a comic series published by DC Comics. It was initially virtually the sole storytelling source for the series, and arguably remained the primary one throughout its run. Its successor line, Hero Factory, also has one; however, its distribution is limited to LEGO's magazine and the internet, instead of being a standalone comic book. Other LEGO lines have received smaller, lower-key comic adaptations on occasion as well, such as LEGO Exo-Force.
  • The Mad Balls had their own comic book adaptation published from 1986 to 1988 and had them depicted as ordinary rubber balls mutated into grotesque but friendly beings who frequently thwarted the plans of Mad Scientist Dr. Frankenbeans and his assistant Snivelitch.

    Adapted from Tabletop Games 

    Adapted from Video Games 
  • Assassin's Creed has adaptations ranging from the Roman Empire to the Russian Revolution.
  • Kingdom Hearts had a manga adaptation.
  • Devil's Due is publishing a killer7 comic, presumably to explain what the game is about.
  • Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis was adapted into a four part comic book series by Dark Horse Comics.
  • Due to the long-running status of Archie Comics' Sonic the Hedgehog, it is the only thing left that tries to keep the Western continuity (Robotnik, Mobius, etc.) It was originally a spin-off inspired by the Saturday morning TV show's proposal.
  • Metroid has a manga series that depicts the events before the games. Reveals, among other things, how Samus and Ridley first met, Samus' time with the Chozo, and the history of Mother Brain and the Metroids.
  • Wild ARMs: Flower Thieves is set in Filgaia, but with different characters and a different continuity. There are also manga adaptations of the games themselves.
  • Resident Evil has had a number of comic book adaptations:
    • 2002 saw a Korean manhwa adaptation of Code Veronica which is slavishly accurate to the game.
    • WildStorm, which also published the aforementioned manhwa in the US, released a couple of short-lived Resident Evil series in the late '90s, the latter of which managed to make STARS into an angst-laden version of G. I. Joe, even including a half-zombie member with Zombie Sense and a disgruntled convict who was given the choice of joining STARS or life in prison. They blow up a Mexican Day of the Dead celebration and circus. The first series uses the RE 1 and RE 2 characters, but in situations that featured things such a walking Fish Tyrant.
    • The 2009 series begins with zombies in space and a main character named... Holiday Sugarman.
  • The writer/artist duo known collectively as Akira Himegawa has made official manga based off of several The Legend of Zelda titles: Ocarina of Time, Majora's Mask, Oracle of Seasons, Oracle of Ages, Four Swords Adventures, The Minish Cap, and Phantom Hourglass. They usually, though not always, follow the plot pretty well.
  • Writer/artist Benimaru Itoh made an official comic based on the original Star Fox game than ran in Nintendo Power for several issues. It was released before the game was available anywhere in the world, making it the first introduction to the Lylat System, ever. It follows the game's plot exactly, even going so far as using the hidden elements in the game as plot devices, and introduced many elements that were later altered and used in the franchise reboot, Star Fox 64.
  • Back in the NES days, Nintendo authorized Valiant Comics to write Nintendo Comics System, comics based on a number of their most popular video game titles, including Super Mario Bros. and Metroid. The Zelda comics based on The Legend of Zelda are set in the world of the original NES Zelda games (the first two in the series), although rather than retelling the stories of those games as the manga do, they focus on the continuing adventures of Link and Zelda.
  • Super Mario Adventures, which was loosely based on Super Mario World and ran in Nintendo Power for a few issues.
  • Metal Gear Solid and its sequel were turned into comic book form by IDW, with art by Ashley Wood. The first series was adapted into a PlayStation Portable game titled Digital Graphic Novel; essentially it was a digital version of the comic with limited interactive functions.
  • Mercenaries was turned into a three-issue comic book miniseries by Dynamite Entertainment in anticipation of the second game (Brian Reed wrote both the comic and Game Script). It features the mercenaries fighting in war between China and Taiwan, and gives Jennifer Mui two brothers on opposite sides of the conflict, Chris Jacobs trying (and failing) a fake defection, and Mattias Nilsson getting intel by drinking half the People's Liberation Army under the table.
  • Mega Man was supposed to be adapted into a comic by Dreamwave — but it came out at around the time Dreamwave was in the toilet, so to speak, and thus only three issues were released, with the fourth delayed for months and leaving a few plot threads hanging. If nothing else, the artwork was great, and the plot for the first three issues was all right.
  • Final Fantasy XII has a manga adaptation, and the story started a few times later in the game.
  • The Breath of Fire series has a whole series, including a separate set of Shoujo and Shonen comics for I, a side-story/continuation for II, and a complete "graphic novelisation" for IV. The one for IV is especially notable as it fell under the Fleeting Demographic Rule and the final volume is to be released just in time for the 10th anniversary of IV's release (lending to fan speculation that the manga was meant as Capcom's way of doing an acknowledgement of the anniversary). It is also the sole Breath Of Fire-related Comic Book Adaptation that isn't Japan-only, having officially licensed Chinese and French versions.
  • The Persona series has a comic for each game, with the exception of Persona 2, which has at least three. They also provide the near-universally accepted names for the protagonists in each. Persona 2 is again exempt because the protagonists for those games already have Canon Names.
  • Pokémon has several adaptations, the most prominent of which is Pokémon Special (Pokémon Adventures in English markets). These are a combination of types 1 and 2, loosely retelling the games (challenging the gyms, fighting an evil Team) but adding subplots and character interactions that have no game basis.
  • There are several Street Fighter comic and manga adaptations, the most recent being the one by Udon.
  • Gotham City Impostors has one in the form of Batman Impostors. Due to the rather plot-less nature of the original videogame it's closest to being a Type 2.
  • Mortal Kombat Komiks.
  • Ultima had four manga adaptations when it was translated into Japanese in order to build interest. The plots range from quite divergent to completely original.
  • Pocket God is an adaptation of the video game of the same name. It started out as a four-issue miniseries, but was so well-received that it became an ongoing series.
  • The Idolmaster has spawned a number of manga adaptations, some original, some not.
  • Kantai Collection received six different manga adaptations in its first year, all telling different stories. Then again, it has Loads and Loads of Characters, and only the vaguest semblance of a plot in the game itself.
  • Beginning in 2003, CrossGen Publishing produced a comic-book miniseries adapting the Dragon's Lair game, with elements from the animated series included.

    Adapted from Visual Novel 

    Adapted from Web Original 

    Adapted from Western Animation 
  • Bongo Comics was founded by Matt Groening and friends in 1993 largely to publish their own adaptations of The Simpsons. Naturally, they've also adapted Futurama as well, and have even crossed the two series over.
  • Gargoyles had a comic written by the original director, which followed on from the end of the second series of the cartoon. There was also a comic published by Marvel while the show was still in production. It portrayed Xanatos as an over-the-top evil villain and featured a romantic subplot between Goliath and a cloned amalgam of his own DNA combined with Elisa's. Needless to say it is Canon Discontinuity.
  • Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: the '80s cartoon, itself an adaptation of a comic (more or less) had its own comic spinoff, which rapidly developed its own characters and continuity and is still well-remembered among fans.
    • Some of the talents that worked on the original independent comics even worked the title, most notably artist Jim Lawson.
  • Teen Titans Go!: Originally a tie-in book to the 2003 TV show, had A-name talents like J. Torres, Todd Nauck, and Sean Galloway working on it. After the show ended, the series continued a few of its unresolved story lines.
    • When the 2013 series, Teen Titans Go! began showing, it likewise got a comic book adaptation of the shows. As you can imagine this threw some confusion for most fans mistaking the first series based on the 2003 show. DC eventually label the '03 based comics as "Vol 1".
  • Most Disney movies and cartoons usually have some form of comic book adaptation. This includes DuckTales, which was already an Animated Adaptation of Carl Barks' comic stories.
  • The Powerpuff Girls had one with most of the stories being original. Though four of its TV episodes directly and indirectly distilled from stories from their comic book (by DC Comics). "Squirrely Burly" (issue #1, reprinted in #70) became season four episode "Stray Bullet." Issue #7's "Remote Controlled" was initially written as a season 1 episode but the staff feared a lawsuit from Fred Rogers (Mister Rogers' Neighborhood), so they gave the outline to DC to do as the comic. The story would eventually surface in season 5 as "Neighbor Hood." Issue #21's "Big Fish Story" would be tweaked as the episode "Lying Around the House." Issue #46's "See You Later, Narrator" would see TV as "Simian Says," but the TV episode was produced and screened elsewhere before it aired in the United States and before the comic story was published. The adaptation of The Powerpuff Girls Movie was put on sale the same day as the movie release (July 3, 2002). An unmade episode, "Deja View", was published as issue #50 of the comic.
  • Since the original days of Tom and Jerry, various Hanna-Barbera cartoons have had comic books made based on them, published by different companies over the years (Dell, Gold Key, Whitman, Charlton, Harvey Comics, Marvel Comics, Archie Comics, and most recently, DC Comics). Currently, though, Scooby-Doo is the only one that still has a comic running.
    • In the Gold Key run, Scooby-Doo had the gang going from solving mysteries as a hobby to being ghost breakers for hire. And Scooby Snacks were used only in the first issue.
  • During the original run of The Real Ghostbusters, a comic book series was also published. A few issues also came out several years after the show ended.
  • Avatar: The Last Airbender has both backstory/fill comics and "The Promise," "The Search," and the upcoming "The Rift," all three of which connect The Last Airbender to The Legend of Korra, and the second of which resolves a long-demanded plot point from the series finale.
  • The Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan had four volumes published by Gold Key and drawn by Warren Tufts. They were adaptations of episodes 1, 2, 3, 5 and 11 plus a new adventure not seen in the cartoon.
  • In addition to the above, pretty much every major animated TV series of the late 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s saw comic book adaptations published by Dell Comics, Gold Key Comics, and Charlton Comics (now all defunct), with Marvel Comics taking a stab at Hanna-Barbera's stable of characters in the late 1970s; the H-B characters were also later licensed by Archie Comics and Harvey Comics.
  • In The '90s Marvel put out comic books of several shows, including:
  • Dexter's Laboratory had a comic book through DC Comics (1999-2003; 34 issues). After that more stories were made for Cartoon Network Block Party (2004-2009), also from DC.
  • DC Comics put out five comics based on Cartoon Network:
  • Adventure Time was given one in 2012, curiously it acts as a Alternate Continuity to the TV show.
  • Naturally with it's major popularity, My Little Pony Friendship is Magic was given a comic book. Which later got spins offs in the form of a Micro-Series (focusing on single characters) and later Friends Forever which puts the spotlight on two characters of the show interacting with each other.
  • Failed prime-time cartoon Calvin and the Colonel had two issues put out by Dell in 1962.
  • SpongeBob SquarePants had several comics published in the Nickelodeon Magazine until it went under. Eventually got its own title in 2011 through its production company, United Plankton Pictures, with Bongo Comics handling the publishing.
  • A lot of animated works were adapted for newspaper comics. These include:
  • Ultimate Spider-Man has one. Annoyingly, it's titled Ultimate Spider-Man and thus easily confused with what is now Ultimate Comics Spider-Man.
  • The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes! has a four-issue miniseries, 12 issues' worth of new stories, and five comics adapting episodes.
  • Ewoks was accompanied by a series of fourteen licensed comic books, a couple of Spanish two-page comics of somewhat dubious origin and one licensed UK annual. All of that was produced between 1985 and 1988 and these comics (as well as books) are considered to be a prequel to the animated series. However, a comic titled Shadows of Endor published in 2013 is set in the time after the animated series, but before Star Wars: Ewok Adventures and Return of the Jedi. A scene from the later, where Wicket is poking princess Leia Organa with his spear, appears at the very end of the comic.
    • Droids also had comic adaptations; however, they tend to take place in a different time period from the show.
  • ˇMucha Lucha! had a three issue mini-series published by DC Comics, with each issue focusing on one of the main trio.
  • Samurai Jack had a Type 1 comic of the premiere movie published by DC, then Type 2 in several stories published in Cartoon Network Action Pack. In 2013 it got a Type 3 continuation from IDW.
  • Every DCAU series had one, usually with the word "Adventures" in the title: The Batman Adventures, The Superman Adventures, Justice League Adventures and Batman Beyond.
  • Back to the Future by Harvey Comics, which was based on the animated series from the early 1990s.
  • Winx Club get a comic book series. Over 145 issues have been produced, including two issues focusing on the movies and three Halloween issues, each contained in a monthly magazine. The first twelve are based directly on the episodes of the first season, while the rest focus on other adventures. Howewer is unclear if the comic is canon or more an Alternate Universe.
  • Since July 2015, more than a decade after its cancellation, Invader Zim has had an ongoing continuation comic.

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