All the goodness of MindRape... ''with'' the bitter aftertaste!

When somebody is {{Brainwashed}} and gets better, but somehow part of the programming sticks and it shows by the character acquiring new personality traits, tics and/or quirks. For example, Alice is a mind controller who casts a spell on Bob to make him fall in love with her. Bob somehow breaks the spell, but whenever he looks at Alice now, he [[CrushBlush blushes]] and can't quite explain why. Maybe he's falling in love for real, but who knows for sure.

This can be used as a PlotDevice to show that the character hasn't quite fully-recovered from his brainwashing. Maybe he has, but the idea of being somebody NotHimself makes him change... probably for the better. Can become a FamilyUnfriendlyAesop when brainwashing is the only way for a character to change.

Also comes in other flavors:

* LaserGuidedAmnesia-flavor: Either by magic or any other mind-altering means (TimeTravel, ResetButton, etc.). Alice makes Bob forget that he was ever in love with her, but somehow Bob still retains faint, lingering sentiments for her.
* ShapeShifting-flavor: Whether [[InvoluntaryShapeshifting involuntary]] or [[VoluntaryShapeshifting self-induced]]: Bob gets transformed into a frog. After being brought back to normal, he retains his [[MyInstinctsAreShowing newly-acquired taste for bugs.]] Usually [[PlayedForLaughs used as a gag]].

Compare and contrast with MoreThanMindControl, where the character more or less knows that he is/was being manipulated, but goes along anyway. See CartesianKarma for when the residue may or may not have resided, but the consequences of their brain-washed actions are still quite valid, and WistfulAmnesia, where a memory-wiped character retains sentiments of the memories they lost.


[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* In ''Anime/RODTheTV'', Anita becomes a bookworm like her sisters after she gets a part of The Gentleman's memories. Take note, Anita used to ''hate'' books.
** Or perhaps she just got a better understanding of [[FamilyRelationshipSwitcheroo Yomiko Readman]] and books in general.
* All of the girls Keima "conquers" in ''Manga/TheWorldGodOnlyKnows'' show signs of this. They just can't explain why they blush whenever the geeky {{otaku}} walks by.
* ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamSEEDDestiny'' has Stella, an Earth Alliance Extended who is brainwashed so she freezes up whenever anyone says "die" and absolutely trusts anyone who says "protect". Due to her memories not being properly wiped between missions, her programming leads her to associate Shinn with [[DeclarationOfProtection protection]], thus allowing her to remember who he is.
** [[spoiler:Neo Roanoke]] has the amnesia-type: his original identity, that of [[spoiler:Mu La Flaga, begins to re-emerge after he's brought aboard the Archangel. He finds Murrue inexplicably familiar, instinctively remembers the ship's communication codes, and eventually begins experiencing flashes of Mu's memories and using his old CatchPhrase.]]
* In ''Manga/SketDance'', Tsubaki took some time to get rid of [[HypnoFool cat traits]].
* In the manga of ''Manga/KenichiTheMightiestDisciple'', Miu, a kind hearted talented martial artist girl, [[spoiler: gets captured by the BloodKnight EvilMentor Silkwat Junazard and gets a combination of amnesia and brainwashing which conditioned her to extreme aggression and bloodlust. Even upon being rescued and her memory restored, her bloodlust and aggression still lies subconsciously, often triggering when her emotions run high or when exerting significant effort in martial arts, even during a simple and safe training exercise.]] Part of this is because [[spoiler:the bloodlust and aggression had always been a part of Miu. It's the main reason Junazard wanted her to be his disciple in the first place. Miu's grandfather trained her from an early age specifically to help her control it.]]


[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* This happens to [[Franchise/StarWars Mara Jade]] when Palpatine dies. Moments prior to Darth Vader killing him in Film/ReturnOfTheJedi, the Emperor sent a [[UnreliableNarrator modified version of his death]] to Mara, along with the compulsion YOU WILL KILL LUKE SKYWALKER. She was already loyal to Palpatine, but this event leaves her unwilling to disappear into the galaxy at large. However, she is able to overcome the compulsion by killing [[ExactWords an evil clone of Luke]].
* This was the reason Bronze Tiger always declined to lead the ''Comicbook/SuicideSquad:'' he was afraid the brainwashing he received at the hands of the League of Assassins could kick in any time. Much later, Rick Flag consulted him on how to prevent the brianwashing he suspected he'd been subjected to from kicking in. As a result, some time later Wade Eiling's gambit against Amanda Waller fails and he finds himself missing half a brain.
* ''ComicBook/JudgeDredd'': After Judge Kraken is captured following his participation in the [[CloneArmy Judda incursion]], he undergoes an extensive deprogramming to counter the brainwashing used by Morton Judd. However, some traces of his Judda past still remain, which is later used by the Sisters of Death to bring Kraken under their own control.


[[folder: Fan Works ]]

* ''Fanfic/TheImmortalGame'': Even after Rainbow Dash is freed from [[MindRape the Insanity]], she still feels subconsciously compelled to obey Twilight Sparkle, whose SuperpoweredEvilSide was the one to cast the spell on her in the first place.
* ''Film/{{Tron}}'' fanon often plays this up in post-''Film/TronLegacy'' scenarios with [[spoiler:Tron and that Rinzler programming]]. The residue ranges from ''massive'' [[MyGodWhatHaveIDone guilt issues]], {{VerbalTic}}s, bizarre thought patterns, or even fits of madness where he attacks his allies.
* Between ''Fanfic/{{Exiled}}'' and ''Gatecrash'' Taylor was kidnapped and brainwashed by Heartbreaker as part of his plan to kidnap Dinah. Even after using her [[WomanScorned jealousy]] to kill him, Taylor still loved him. The stress of dealing with her conflicting feelings makes up a good chunk of her character arc, ending when [[spoiler:the Rachni Queen helps purge his influence]].
* Becomes a PlotPoint in [[ His Honor, The Mayor, Drew Lipsky]]. Kim is a DentedIron after saving the world so many times and sometimes enters a fugue state due to all the BrainwashResidue building up in her head, turns out one of her repressed memories is actually important.

[[folder: Film ]]

* In ''Film/GIJoe'', the Baroness is kept under supervision because they can't remove the mind-controlling nanomites just yet. Prior to that, she is shown to have retained some of her "training" by being able to operate a gun pod.
* The main plot point of ''Film/{{Inception}}'' uses a planted "idea" to change a person's outlook in life. This could be for the better [[spoiler:(Robert Fischer views his father in a better light and avoids a possible energy monopoly with his company)]] or worse [[spoiler:(Mal commits suicide thinking the reality she's living in is still a dream).]]
* ''Film/TotalRecall1990''. After Quaid breaks Melina out of the constraints one of the Recall machines, it seems just a bit of the Housewife programming made it though, but not by much.
--> '''Quaid''': Are you all right? Are you still you?
--> '''Melina''': I'm not sure, dear.
* ''Film/CaptainAmericaCivilWar'': [[spoiler:Due to CartesianKarma,]] the Avengers are essentially the only people who aren't afraid of the Winter Soldier after the events of [[Film/CaptainAmericaTheWinterSoldier the previous movie]]. [[spoiler:And if they were right not to be, they might not have torn themselves in half, but it turns out the reason Bucky's been in hiding ever since is that he knows he has brainwash residue. The BigBad finds out the TriggerPhrase and uses it ([[TearJerker over Bucky pleading with him to stop]]) to send him on a rampage, turning the Avengers' divisive but previously only philosophical argument over the Sokovia Accords into an active crisis.]]


[[folder: Literature ]]

* The Shapeshifting flavor happens in ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'', although it isn't involuntary, and Granny Weatherwax only ''"Borrows"'' an animal's body for some purpose, sharing it with the real animal for a short time. But after she's exited the animal's body, she still retains impulses from whatever shape she borrowed. For example, she stopped using owls to see at night because ''"You ends up for days trying to twist your head right round,"'' and after she's borrowed an entire beehive, she declares, ''"I wantzzz a bunzzch of flowerzz, a pot of honey, and someone to szzzting."''
** It's also noted that at least one of the people she made think they had been turned into a frog still enjoy swimming in a pond long after the spell wore off. He was grateful for getting a new hobby.
* In the ''Literature/{{Deryni}}'' works, Sean Lord Derry suffers from this, referring to nightmares he had after his captivity and [[MindRape torture]] at the hands of Wencit of Torenth. He reluctantly admits the nightmares returned years later in anticipation of Kelson's trip to Torenth for Liam-Lajos's investiture in ''King Kelson's Bride''. This [[{{Foreshadowing}} foreshadows]] Morag's reasserting control over his mind, control which is taken and used by [[spoiler: Teymuraz]].
* In the Literature/NewJediOrder, after Tahiri is rescued from an attempt to brainwash her into believing she was a [[ScaryDogmaticAliens Yuuzhan Vong]], it became a running subplot for several books that she retained most of the false memories subconsciously and under moments of extreme stress would adopt Vong mannerisms or even spout the Vong language. It was eventually revealed that the brainwashing had failed to overwrite Tahiri's original personality but ''had'' succeeded in creating a Yuuzhan Vong personality, Riina, who was almost totally independent of Tahiri's own mind. They ended up [[SplitPersonalityMerge combining into a third personality]] to avoid going incurably insane.


[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* Happens in ''Series/{{Warehouse13}}'' after [[spoiler:Leena]] is saved from being brainwashed by [=McPhearson=].
* In an episode of ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'', Lt. Barclay got a brain upgrade by some aliens, which went away after it was no longer needed. He and Troi were in Ten-Forward and he saw a Chess game, moved a piece and said "Checkmate in three moves."
-->'''Troi:''' "Reg, I didn't know you play chess."
-->'''Barclay:''' "I don't."
* Crichton from ''Series/{{Farscape}}'' has Scorpius residue for ages after getting his chip removed (overlaps with ImaginaryEnemy).
* In the original ''Series/{{V 1983}}'' miniseries, Diana has attempted to brainwash Julie Parish into being her slave. She fights off the brainwashing, mostly successfully, but occasionally catches herself using the wrong hand. In ''V: The Final Battle'', Diana telepathically commands Julie and she has flashbacks to the brainwashing. Julie doesn't quite give in, but the internal struggle gives Diana a chance to escape.
* In the ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' season two HalloweenEpisode, Xander was [[BecomingTheCostume turned into the soldier that he was dressed as]] for Halloween, complete with military training. Afterwards, Xander still retains some of that knowledge, which comes in handy in later episodes (such as when he sneaks into a military base to steal a rocket launcher).
** Also, after Dracula [[spoiler:Renfield-ised Xander]] in season five, [[spoiler:Xander]] still referred to Dracula as "Master" several episodes later [[spoiler:and in the Season 8 comics.]]
* ''Series/FallingSkies'' has a lot of this with the rescued teens. The harnesses are removed, but the spikes can't be removed without killing the kids. Between that and the unknown effects of the ordeal, Ben, Karen, and a few others are experiencing this.
* ''PowerRangers'' has a couple of examples.
** In ''Mighty Morphin''' Season 3, Kat can still hear some of Rita's plans even after escaping the brainwashing.
** In ''Zeo'', Tommy is able to notice the GroundhogDayLoop because of this.
* ''Series/{{Fringe}}'' has Olivia retaining the expert (as in Olympic medal winning) marksmanship of the person she was brainwashed into believing she was even after she regains her own memories.
* Echo shows signs of this in early episodes of ''Series/{{Dollhouse}}'', remembering details of each personality she is imprinted with after they are supposed to have been wiped.


[[folder: Video Games ]]

* VideoGame/NieR decides to save Kainé [[spoiler:at the cost of his own existence]] in the final ending. When she comes to, [[spoiler:she starts crying when she finds the flower Nier gave her, but can't remember who it was from.]]
* In ''VideoGame/TheKingOfFighters'', [[spoiler:Ash sacrifices his existence to prevent the entire Ash Saga from happening.]] None of the other characters remember him, except for Elizabeth, due to having his TragicKeepsake.
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII'': Even after Cloud, who absorbed and/or assimilated Zack's memories, regains his real memories, he retains Zack's fighting style and some of his mannerisms. Although he reverts to his real personality and becomes more comfortable with showing his insecurities, he occasionally still puts on Zack's cocky act in front of the others.
* Funnily enough ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps'' plays with some brainwash residue. When Mason escapes from the Soviet Union and gets back to the US, he experiences flashes, seeing and hearing numbers, [[spoiler: seeing a hallucination of Reznov despite him being dead]] and even what looks like scenes of drawing a gun on the president, really the brainwashing hasn't worn off yet.
** This extends to ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps2'' - at the end of the second 1980s level, Mason encounters [[spoiler:Lev Kravchenko, previously presumed dead in Vietnam. During the next scene, he has to actively suppress an urge to execute him on the spot so that Woods can get some useful information out of him.]]


[[folder: Web Comics ]]

* In Chapter 34 of ''Webcomic/GunnerkriggCourt'' [[spoiler:Jack]] claims to [[spoiler:be in love with Zimmy]], and attributes it to a remnant of his possession by a ghostly spider [[spoiler:obsessed with Zimmy]] which tried to take control of his mind. This doesn't seem to worry him.
* In ''Webcomic/SquidOps'', main character Mui brainwashes her sister using some hypnotic squid ink (yes, ItMakesSenseInContext) that makes people obedient to her. The first thing she tells her to do is to answer with "Yes, Mui. I obey." whenever Mui gives her a command. Later, after the effects of the ink wear off, Mui brings her sister some lunch and says "Take it and don't be mad, okay?" Lena reflexively replies "Yes, Mui. I obey."
* ''Webcomic/{{Galaxion}}'': After spending a couple of hours breaking out of Miesti control, [[spoiler: Zandarin and Aria]] seem to have aquired {{telepathy}}. He copes, but she's freaked out.


[[folder: Web Original ]]

* In ''FanFic/TheReturn'' [[spoiler: Nabiki and Akane]] still have a significant amount of mental contamination after being enslaved and {{Mind Rape}}d by Alexia and it takes a lot of work to salvage ''any'' of their original selves.
** Misako ([[spoiler:Ryouga]]) had her previous identity completely lost and is, for all intents and purposes, a new person whose personality is based on nothing but Brainwash Residue.


[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* In ''WesternAnimation/Ben10AlienForce'', Albedo is an villain who copied Ben's appearance and Omnitrix. He also gained some of Ben's characteristics, like eating junk food (especially chili fries). After having his Omnitrix broken, stuck with Ben's color-swapped form, and taken to prison, he shouts, "BRING ME CHILI FRIES!!!"
** WordOfGod says this is actually Albedo in denial and he does genuinely like them, but finds the idea appalling nonetheless.
* In ''WesternAnimation/BatmanBeyondReturnOfTheJoker'', Tim Drake still has aftereffects of his last encounter with The Joker (of the 'uncontrollable shaking and bad dreams' kind) after 40 years. Given what The Joker put him through, that's really not that surprising.
** Albeit some of that can be clarified as [[spoiler: the Joker's mind chip on him]]. For example, his disdain and regret for being Robin was a result of [[spoiler: the Joker's chip beginning to effect him. Once it's gone,]] so is any disdain toward his past. He actually didn't blame Bruce nor Barbara and did enjoy being Robin.