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->''"The point is, if we can store music on a compact disc, why can't we store a man's intelligence and personality on one? So, I have the engineers figuring that one out now."''
-->-- '''Cave Johnson''', ''VideoGame/Portal2''

ArtificialIntelligence is hard. Why reinvent the wheel, when you've got plenty of humans walking around? Who will miss one, right?

Alternatively, you might be one of those humans [[ImmortalitySeeker looking for]] easy {{immortality}}. Either way, once you finish scanning the brain, you end up with a file that you run in a physics simulator, and presto, you have a computer that remembers being a human. If you do it carefully enough, the original brain won't even notice it happening.

This computer [[{{Transhuman}} has a number of advantages]] over a [[CallAHumanAMeatBag meat human]]. The simulation can be run many thousands of times faster than objective speed, if you've got enough computing power. It can be backed up with trivial ease. You can run multiple copies at the same time, and have them do different things, make exotic [[MindHive personality composites]], and tinker around with the inner workings of the brain in ways that are either difficult or impossible to do with a meat brain. Additionally, there's the fact that it's impossible to kill as long as its data is backed up somewhere and there exists a computer on which to run it - you can just restart the simulation wherever you left off and the mind won't even recognize it.

Critics of the concept are quick to point out that it presupposes an understanding of neurology (not just human neurology, but even the neurology of a common insect) far, ''far'' beyond what currently exists; and that without that knowledge, even the most powerful computer cannot do this. Proponents of the idea assure us that this knowledge is coming. Proponents who hope to live to see and actually benefit from it assure us that it's coming really really soon.

As with TheSingularity, the idea of brain uploading has inevitably taken on a quasi-religious aspect for many in recent years, since it does promise immortality of a sort (as long as your backups and the hardware to run them on are safe), and even transcendence of the body.

The advantages bestowed by brain uploading are a bit overwhelming if you're trying to incorporate them into a story. It kind of kills the tension when the protagonist can restore from backup whenever the BigBad kills them. Authors have devised a number of cop-outs, which you can recognize by asking these questions:

* What is the underlying mechanism of the upload? Is the computer simulating every atom in every neuron, or is the upload applying memories and personality characteristics to a default template?
* Is uploading destructive? Depending on which process you use, it may be possible to do it nondestructively, but many authors deem it convenient to have it destroy the original, to avoid the confusion of having [[CloningBlues two copies of the same character]] running around.[[note]]The easiest, and currently the only vaguely practical process would be to take the brain down to liquid nitrogen temps, then image it with a scanning probe microscope. Except that a SPM has to get the probe within nanometers of the surface it's scanning, so after you scan a layer of brain, you scrape it off with a diamond microtome and scan the next layer down. You end up with a map of the locations of each atom in the brain, and a pile of rapidly defrosting brain slices on the operating room floor. This is also the most destructive brain uploading process imaginable that doesn't [[StuffBlowingUp involve TNT]].[[/note]]
* Can you augment intelligence? Or does the brain's pattern need to be copied ''exactly'' to still function like a mind, leaving no room for radical enhancements?
* Can the upload be copied? If the answer is "no", the work might be on the soft end of MohsScaleOfSciFiHardness, although it's also possible to make it a little harder by running the [=AIs=] on a quantum computer and saying something about the "[[ShownTheirWork No-Cloning Theorem]]". Or simply declare the recording to be [[CloneDegeneration analog.]]

There's also a pile of legal, moral, and theological questions that might be addressed in the story:

* Is the AI considered to be the same person as its human predecessor or a digital twin? Is it [[WhatMeasureIsANonHuman a person at all]]? If an upload is a person, how different do copies of that upload have to be before they're separate persons?
* Is one copy responsible for the debts and/or crimes incurred or committed by another copy? Is the original responsible, assuming nondestructive uploading?
* Assuming nondestructive, undetectable uploading, is uploading without consent of the original a crime? What if the original objects, but the upload doesn't want to be deleted? What about uploading dead people who specified they didn't want to be uploaded after death? [[CloningBlues And how do the original and the copy feel about no longer being unique?]]
* Assuming destructive uploading, the original is dead. How does the copy feel about that?
* What do you do with the backups of an upload who kills themselves?
* Would the soul be copied over? Is there a soul at all to be copied? While some people might see the debunking of mind-body separation as just another case of [[ScienceMarchesOn science marching on]], a great deal of people would find the idea that even their mind is quantifiable to be rather frightening. Or worse, would see those who go through with the upload as [[NotEvenHuman less than]] [[WhatMeasureIsANonHuman human]], and campaign for a [[NoTranshumanismAllowed ban of the procedure]] for it violating human dignity or some other such reason.
** Assuming the existence of the soul (or even just assuming the original believes he has one), how does he feel about the prospect that he may ''not'' be simply destroyed, but go on to an afterlife (pleasant or unpleasant) while a newly created double takes his place? After all, "he" either stands a 50/50 chance of winding up as the original or the copy, or is ''always'' going to be the original. For that matter, is the newborn copy innocent of sin despite his memories of committing them?
* Even theorists who don't believe in the soul, ''per se,'' often believe in consciousness as a real phenomenon. Would a simulation of a brain experience consciousness any more than a simulation of lungs can be said to actually respirate oxygen? How could an outside observer tell? [[note]]Granted that you can't really be sure even that the people around you are conscious like you are; but the fact that they're made of the same stuff as you and function the same way you do provides a pretty strong hint that they are.[[/note]] The fact that the observer probably ''can't'' tell arguably makes this consideration ''more'' important, not less--since uploadees would be gambling their very selves on the trustworthiness of this tech (and even if it can simulate their consciousness, that [[TwinMaker doesn't mean it's the same, continued consciousness]].
* Though fictional depictions of [[InsideAComputerSystem virtual worlds]] rarely address the fact, programs ''move'' by copying themselves. Any time "virtual you" moves from Server A to Server B, you're leaving behind a duplicate of yourself, unless it's [[ExpendableClone automatically deleted.]] [[TwinMaker Might the constant duplication and murder of people as the basis of all transportation be unethical, or at least problematic?]]
** If a scanned mind is an ''analog'' recording, the constant and casual re-copying necessary to "travel" electronically would be impossible without [[CloneDegeneration corrupting]] [[CyberneticsEatYourSoul the data.]] You could copy yourself into a durable and long-lasting robot body relatively safely, but you could never safely leave it except by physically transplanting the robot's brain. And of course, physical electronic components do wear out.
* How accurate would the copy be, especially in the early days of the technology? If the flaws are significant but not immediately obvious, how many people might undergo the procedure before the problems are noticed? And if you know about the flaws ahead of time, how much of your personality or consciousness are you willing to throw away or see changed beyond your control for a type of immortality?
* Even if the tech is usually reliable, do [[OddballDoppelganger obviously botched]] [[CameBackWrong copies]] have any legal rights as people?
* If you have concerns about the trustworthiness of the process, [[PeerPressure what if everyone you know is doing it?]] Conversely, if you're a true believer in the process, what if society condemns it?
* Can the computer provide a good enough simulation of human sensory input to keep you from going mad? Even a brief period spent in a sensory deprivation tank can have terrible effects on the mind, so one can imagine what complete absence of a physical body might do.
* Who owns the computer or computers that your virtual self would be running on? Are they under any obligation to keep running your program? If your program is not being run, is that the same as being dead? Asleep? In suspended animation?
* A man converted into software has all the ''vulnerabilities'' of software. He can very likely be hacked, duplicated, or edited against his will. For better or for worse, the human mind is currently relatively impregnable. Do you really ''want'' to be rendered no more unique than a google search image, and more malleable than putty in the hands of others? Do you want to wake up one day to find that you're an illegal copy of yourself, being treated as a toy by a hacker? Would you necessarily own the copyright to yourself? If such a copyright even existed at all [[InformationWantsToBeFree (since many consider copyright unenforceable and]] [[Creator/CoryDoctorow undesirable in the digital age),]] would the agency that uploaded you own it? How can the law provide any protection to a citizen who can be duplicated (and his duplicate [[SlaveryIsASpecialKindOfEvil used and]] [[RapeIsASpecialKindOfEvil abused]] [[FateWorseThanDeath however the criminal wishes)]] as easily as copying a computer file? And every time such a copy is produced, "you" stand a 50/50 chance of ''being'' that unlucky tortured twin. If a virtual world makes a synthetic heaven possible, it likewise makes [[AndIMustScream synthetic hells]] possible, and the latter may be far easier to produce (either accidentally or deliberately).
* In a world where uniqueness exists, at best, as a legal courtesy, mightn't human life come to be seen as fundamentally less valuable? What rights can a completely replaceable person have?
* Would a human program be able to perceive anything outside of their device? Or even just 3d objects at all?

Widespread Brain Uploading tends to lead to TheSingularity or something very much like it. Or it may be a ''result'' of said Singularity.

Compare with the VirtualGhost, where the uploaded brain can control a projection of themselves to interact with the real world. Contrast NeuralImplanting, where computer files are uploaded to the brain instead of the other way around, though both tropes are occasionally used together. See also HeartDrive, TransferableMemory, and BodyBackupDrive. Compare LivingMemory, SaveScumming, and DigitizedHacker. Many cases of an ArtificialAfterlife feature use of this trope.

[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mind_transfer_in_fiction This]] article from Wiki/TheOtherWiki contains a list of examples...

!!...Although that won't stop us from adding our own:


[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* Done in ''Manga/BlueDrop: Tenshi no Bokura'', to the main character's best friend. To avoid spoilers, lets just say that it [[{{Squick}} ends]] [[TearJerker badly]] [[WorldHalfEmpty for]] ''[[WorldHalfEmpty anyone]]'' [[WorldHalfEmpty involved]]. Reader included.
* A variation on this is Yuzuki from ''Manga/{{Chobits}}'', who was created to be a ReplacementGoldfish for Kokubunji's dead sister. He can't upload her mind directly, so he just programs as much information about his sister as he can, and for much of the series she attempts to emulate her. Then, after an accident wipes out all that data, Kokobunji declines to replace it, saying she should just [[BeYourself be herself]].
* ''Manga/MobileSuitCrossboneGundam'' and its sequels like this one.
** ''Skull Heart'' has an interesting example: the Jupiter Empire somehow got ahold of the original Gundam's battle computer, which had stored in it Amuro Ray's complete battle data from the One Year War. They used this to create a partial AI and uploaded it into a new Gundam... which went berserk and attacked everything in sight because someone didn't set the targeting parameters correctly. Although it's destroyed, it's briefly hinted, right as the machine "dies", that a true piece of Amuro's mind might have been present in the data.
** [[BigBad Crux Dogatie]] does something similar in the original ''Crossbone Gundam'' story: [[spoiler:As a very old, very decrepit man, he makes extensive use of robot stand-ins and ends up developing the original bio-brain system. At the end of the story, he has eight walking [=WMDs=] called the Divinidad, all but one piloted by bio-copies; when the final battle starts going poorly, the real one tries to get to Earth so he can personally destroy it while the seven duplicates hold off TheFederation and the Crossbone Vanguard.]]
** ''Steel Seven'' has Callisto's Shadow transferring his consciousness into a bio-brain after his death on Earth, using his telepathic brother's mind as a go-between. This bio-brain is then loaded into the Digitus so that he can fight alongside his still-living twin in the final battle. Notably, Callisto considers this AscendedToAHigherPlaneOfExistence (or at least abandoning his weak, fleshly body) rather than the BodyHorror most others would.
* In one ''Manga/DetectiveConan'' NonSerialMovie ''Phantom of Baker Street'', the ChildProdigy coded an artificial intelligence that is practically himself,[[spoiler: and then killed himself. This artificial intelligence then haunted an DeepImmersionGaming event and...]] Nobody in the movie [[WhatMeasureIsANonHuman even tried to distinguish between said artificial intelligence and its creator, and neither did fans.]]
* ''Anime/GalaxyExpress999'' has a couple of instances of a gigantic supercomputer being used to simulate the brain of a deceased human. Whether the series' main antagonists, the "Machine-Humans", also qualify or are simply disembodied human brains inhabiting robotic shells is not made clear.
* ''Anime/GaoGaiGar'' resorts to this when they need to build new robots but don't have the time to build the AI from scratch; it's mentioned that the AIs for [=KyoRyu=] and [=EnRyu=] took six months to develop. This results in the ridiculously HotBlooded Goldymarg and the child-like Mic Sounders.
** Mic Sounders Boom Robo was uploaded from Stallion White; this is why Mic was able to System Change to protect Stallion's sister Swan before his limiters were removed. No one's sure where the Cosmo Robo personality actually came from; maybe that's that that's what a young Super-AI actually acts like.
** Pei La Cain and Palus Abel, two of the villains from ''FINAL'', are supposedly based on the actual masters of the Green and Red Planets. Given that three of GGG's units are children, biologically or metaphorically, of Cain or Abel, including [[TheHero Guy himself]], this results in brief angst. [[{{Determinator}} Very brief]].
* ''Franchise/GhostInTheShell'', when not focusing on sociology, likes to take a trip down this lane. Memories can be copied easily and reliably, but an individual's 'ghost', the verse's term for consciousness, can not be safely or easily altered or copied. Expensive and rare techniques called 'ghost-dubbing' actually upload this consciousness into an electronic format, but the result is always more limited or more insane than the biological version, and the biological suffers heavy brain damage and eventually death as a result, which is why ghost dubbing is ''highly'' illegal in the GITS universe, punishable by life in prison or brain-wipe. It's not really clear that the resulting electronic copies are the same mind, or just a [[WhatMeasureIsANonHuman AI capable of pretending]]. The resulting copy ''can'' be copied many times, but will degenerate each time it is copied. It also asks the question of what makes up a mind, the soul or the memories, when a boy receives all of his father's memories with interesting effects. Whether true mind-uploading is possible within the universe is still up at arms, as most of the attempts either don't try hard enough or don't involve humans in the first place.
** The second feature film, ''Innocence'', features a multitude of ghost-dubbed dolls manipulated for the purpose of freeing the enslaved children used to dub them. It raises the question of whether, being imparted with some aspect of human consciousness, the dubbed dolls cannot be considered alive, and thus victims themselves in the film's violent plot.
* Interestingly, ''Anime/GhostInTheShellStandAloneComplex'' has a South American guerilla hero/Che Guevera [[CaptainErsatz analog]] undergo [[MesACrowd multiple ghost-dubbings]] into clone bodies as a way to "miraculously survive" multiple assassination attempts. Both the Major and Batou considered this considerably dangerous and "macho". The dictator himself died after three ghost-dubs (still, as the Major notes, surviving just one was [[HeroicResolve testament to his willpower]]) but his dub was then copied into multiple clones.
** In one of the ''Stand Alone Complex'' episodes this golden rule gets oddly broken, when a disappointed indie movie director makes a perfect movie inside his [[BrainInAJar disembodied cyberbrain]], which caused people who connected themselves to it to lose themselves in the movie and become comatose in reality. Just how this could be possible when a brain should only be able to host one Ghost, and it's impossible for a Ghost to leave its original "data-storage" without highly specialized equipment as described above, is never explained. It's more likely that they're not entering that brain, rather just viewing particular data and encountering something not unlike the Individual Eleven meme.
* ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam00'':
** Innovators have the ability to transfer their consciousness to Veda after [[spoiler: their deaths]] Used primarily by Ribbons [[spoiler: and Tieria Erde]] to [[spoiler: cheat death]].
** More than that, [[spoiler: Innovades are essentially AIs - "Bio-Terminals" - stored within Veda, of varying levels of complexity. An Innovade is dumped into a cloned host body, capable of interfacing with Veda and other Innovades, as a type of artificial Innovator, though they seem incapable of interfacing with actual humans like true Innovators can. In the clearest example, artificial Gundam Meister #874, Hanayo, starts off as being depicted as a hologram, then shifts into a nanomachine body, then is forced into a Haro.]]
** This technique is used to amass Ribbon's clone army for the last battle of the series.
* In ''Manga/MobileSuitGundamSEEDAstray'', Lowe gains possession of a strange module from a [[GodGuise worshipper of George Glenn]], the so-called "First Coordinator". This black box just happens to contain ''Glenn's [[BrainInAJar actual brain]]'', and eventually Lowe's BunnyEarsLawyer teammate Professor hooks it up to a holographic projector, allowing George to captain the Junk Guild's battleship.
* In ''Manga/{{Gunnm}}'' (''Battle Angel Alita'') [[spoiler:this is used as important final plot twist in the last episodes, when the mad doctor Desty Nova reveals that his organic brain was abducted and replaced with a biochip with his personal memories implanted. He found it years ago and became literally mad]]. In ''Last Order'' this practice appears to be diffused in some contexts (i.e. Zekka had practised it on himself [[spoiler:but also the main character "herself" becomes an unknowning example of this case; new revelations are follwed by "''WhatMeasureIsAMan''" stuff]]). However, the sequel is stuffed with many other examples of futuristical or bizarre WeirdScience. We have also the [[spoiler:CloningBlues of Desty Nova]].
* ''Anime/{{Kaiba}}'' explores the idea of digitizing one's memories/souls to achieve immortality and looks at the potential side effects of such technology such as the increasing gap between the rich and poor, the casual way people might just delete the memory chips of their loved ones to make more space for other people, and how quickly people can throw away their bodies to swap for new ones.
* The Prof. Shiba from ''Anime/KotetsuJeeg'' who, before his death, transfer his consciousness and memory inside of a computer.
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion's'' EVA units and the MAGI supercomputer are borderline examples. More like "[[SoulJar Soul Uploading]]" tho'.
** The Dummy System is like this and treated as a DangerousForbiddenTechnique, essentially a simulated pilot that's used when Shinji refuses to kill Touji. How bad is it? Well [[TheStoic Rei]] has to take a look in ''Series/RebuildOfEvangelion'' since she is the model for is and even she is disturbed by it.
* In ''Manga/KingOfThorn'', one of the first things super-hacker Zeus does as part of his AGodAmI is download his mind into a new Medusa form. "That shell could never contain my potential..."
* In ''Anime/ProfessorLaytonAndTheEternalDiva'', [[spoiler: Melina's memories were uploaded into a device her father constructed and disguised as a musical instrument, so he could find a body that matches hers and create a ReplacementGoldfish [[WhatTheHellHero by erasing the conciousness of an innocent girl]]. Once he actually did it, Melina [[WhatHaveIBecome did not agree.]]]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In the British comic ''ComicBook/RogueTrooper'' (a ''ComicBook/TwoThousandAD'' stablemate to ''ComicBook/JudgeDredd''), three of the protagonist's squadmates were uploaded to chips on their death and integrated into his equipment. (These personality-saving "biochips" are actually an integral feature of ''all'' Genetic Infantrymen; they're meant to be recovered in case of death and installed in newly-cloned bodies.) Of course, the chip has to be recovered and placed into a slot in the G.I.'s equipment within sixty seconds.
* ''Comicbook/JudgeDredd'' has them as well, though they're huge when they're introduced. One strip in ''ComicBook/TheSimpingDetective'' has disposable variants as a plot point.
* In ''Comicbook/TheAvengers'':
** ComicBook/TheVision's personality is based on an upload of Wonder Man's personality -- though in practice, the two of them have [[InformedAttribute never really acted very much alike.]] Not that this prevents him from [[CloningBlues angsting about it, of course.]]
** ComicBook/{{Ultron}}, psycho KillerRobot and Avengers enemy, attempts to upload the entire mind of his 'mother', the Wasp, into a female bot that he's created (aptly named Jocasta) for companionship, having brainwashed his "father"/her husband into helping him do it. While the Avengers rescue her before the process could finish (and kill her), Jocasta ends up with enough of Janet's personality to later turn on him and join the Avengers.
** Ultron himself is RetConned as having originated with a botched download by mentally-unstable Henry Pym's all-too-flawed engrams.
* In the Marvel/Epic comic ''{{ComicBook/Dreadstar}}'', one of the themes is that the main heroes fight against a tyrannical government, only to [[spoiler:find out [[MeetTheNewBoss the new government isn't much better]]]]. Willow, one of the main characters, [[spoiler:uploads herself to take over the new government's main computer]].
* In the original ''Comicbook/{{Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles|Mirage}}'' series, this accidentally occurs to Professor Honeycutt; while testing out his Menta-wave helmet (which granted its user psychic and telekinetic abilities) a bolt of lightning caused his consciousness to be transferred to the body of his robot SAL. In the [[WesternAnimation/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles2003 cartoon based on the book]], this later on allows him to copy his consciousness between computers, allowing him to [[DisneyDeath survive his own heroic sacrifice]].
* In ''ComicBook/{{Transmetropolitan}}'', people can destructively vacate their bodies, using their chemical energy to bootstrap a cloud of {{nanomachines}} that then houses their consciousness. This being ''Transmet'', they've formed their own weird subculture.
* Adam Warren's version of the ''ComicBook/DirtyPair'' has this as a common technology, which plays a role in several of the plots -- such as when a rogue agent uses an emergency backup of Yuri's mind and DNA to grow his own EvilTwin to send at the originals.
* ''ComicBook/IronMan'':
** Tony Stark being the tech geek he is, he couldn't resist the temptation to make a back-up of his brain on a portable hard drive. Came in handy after he ended up wiping his mind at the end of the ''Worlds Most Wanted'' arc.
** The stand-alone comic book ''ComicBook/IronManHypervelocity'' is entirely about Tony Stark 2.0, a digital version of himself that occupies his suit. As the comic progresses, he slowly gets corrupted by a rogue virus girl program. [[spoiler:The virus turns out to be an amalgam of the various test subjects for the brain uploading research that went into Tony Stark 2.0's creation. Note that Tony Stark didn't perform any of the unethical and torturous research, he merely stole it from the [[SuperVillain Super Villains]], Corrupt Corporations and Government Conspiracies that did]].
* The UltimateUniverse ContinuityReboot of ''ComicBook/PaperinikNewAdventures'' had this trope when [[spoiler: Lyonard [[PunnyName D'Aq]] uploaded his brain as a side result of him exploring a virtual world]]. Then this trope became a ChekhovsGun when [[spoiler: after Lyonard got KilledOffForReal (or, more precisely, got [[OneWingedAngel devolved into the monstrous Lyozard]] ''and then'' got killed off) [[BackFromTheDead and Uno downloaded the data version of his brain into a (superpowered, of course) bionic body]].]]
* This happened to Cliff Steele (Robotman) in Creator/GrantMorrison's ComicBook/DoomPatrol after the Candlemaker crushed his brain. Fortunately, he was hooked up to the Chief's computer at the time, and his intelligence was downloaded on a disk. Once he figured out what happened, he was able to return to his body, though he was pretty freaked out by the entire process.
* The Battlestar Galactica comic ''The Final Five'' has this as the origin of the Thirteenth Tribe. Originally, they were members of the other 12 tribes but after uploading their consciousnesses into new cybernetic bodies were treated as a new group. This includes the idea that the Thirteenth Tribe have committed some kind of 'sin', apparently borne out by the intervention of supernatural/sufficiently advanced beings.
* ComicBook/SavageDragon featured a number of characters with PowerArmor who had previously downloaded their brainwaves into the suit, allowing them to continue fighting long after death.
* [[DeusEstMachina Quetzacoatl]] in ''ComicBook/TomStrong'' has destructive brain scanning technology. A laser is used to (destructively) read a person's brain.
* In the comic reboot of ''The Jetsons'', Rosie the maid is actually the Jetson's grandmother, who uploaded her mind and memories into a robotic body when her body started failing.
* In the future society of ''ComicBook/{{Spiritus}}'', convicted criminals have their consciousness uploaded to android bodies programmed to perform manual labor.
* In ''ComicBook/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtlesIDW'', after Bebop and Rocksteady nearly kill Donatello, his mind is uploaded into Metalhead while the Fugitoid and Harold heal his broken body.
* ''ComicBook/DoctorAphra'': Rur was part of an immortality-seeking Jedi sect who tried to upload himself into a droid. Unfotunately, all he did was copy his mind into the machine, which then believed itself the real Rur and killed the imposter. It's later found and reactivated, even getting into a fight with Darth Vader being being unceremoniously removed and put into storage.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* In the Portal fanfic FanFic/BlueSky, it's revealed [[spoiler: that Wheatley used to be a human, too.]] The memories of the uploading could definitely be considered MindRape, since at the same time the Aperture scientists ripped out their victim’s memories. [[spoiler: They kept the body, though, and the story avoids the “cloning” question by downloading Wheatley’s memories back into his original body.]]
* The main plot of the WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic fanfic ''FanFic/FriendshipIsOptimal'' involves humans uploading to the virtual world of Equestria, which is presented as a utopia compared to Earth.
* ''Fanfic/MassEffectHumanRevolution'':
** Discussed and subverted in chapter 28 - [[spoiler:Shepard's]] Soul Catcher has everything that should be needed to reconstruct her, and yet doesn't actually have her.
--> He took out the hexagonal chip from his coat, the Soul Catcher that contained [[spoiler:Shepard]]'s memories, her mind, her skills... but ironically, not her soul.
** In chapter 35 we learn that part of the process of making [[spoiler:Snatchers]] involves making a copy of a person's memories.
* Merlin does a variant in ''Fanfic/TheStudentPrince'' when [[spoiler:Excalibur malfunctions]], by [[spoiler:transferring Kilgharrah to the plane to make it fly without the use of both its engines]].
* Commonplace in ''Fanfic/{{Vigil}}'', which draws a lot of technology from ''TabletopGame/EclipsePhase''. Humans were the first to develop cortical stacks, which save a ocnstantly-updated brain-state, although this was due to reverse-engineering [[Videogame/XCOMEnemyUnknown Ethereal]] technology. The turians developed their own rough approximation in the form of Exos, although it wasn't until they met humanity that they could directly upload a brain into an Exo body.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/{{Avatar}}'': The planet is revealed to have a nervous system which the Na'vi have evolved the ability to interface with, allowing them to "upload and download" memories, which they believe to be a spiritual connection with nature and the afterlife. [[spoiler:The Na'vi are even able to transfer a mind between bodies, though it is clearly not something to attempt frivolously since they link the whole tribe at once for the ritual at a "nerve center" they consider sacred.]]
* In ''Film/BatmanAndRobin'', Alfred uploads his "brain algorithms" into the batcomputer to give the new sidekick a briefing.
* ''Film/The6thDay '' features a way of making copies of a person mind that can be uploaded into clone bodies. Unfortunately as uploading is often done after death you get memories of dying.
* ''Film/StarTrekTheMotionPicture''. After V'Ger scans and destroys Ilia, it sends a robot replica of her to the Enterprise with her memories and personality stored in it. Eventually the crew manages to re-awaken her mind in the machine.
* Similarly, in ''Film/StarTrekNemesis'', Data tries to help B4 become "more than his programming," and uploads his experiences and memories into B4's much simpler brain. [[spoiler:Later, when Captain Picard tells B4 of Data's death, B4 is understandably confused but later starts absentmindedly singing a song that Data did. When he gets stuck on a stanza, Picard prompts him with the next line, wondering if possibly Data is actually somewhere in B4.]]
* In ''Film/{{Transcendence}}'' Will is uploaded into a computer in an attempt to save his life after being shot. [[spoiler:Evelyn gets uploaded in the climax just before the virus destroys Will, allowing her to see the truth of Will's actions.]]
* ''Film/TransformersAgeOfExtinction'' has [[spoiler:Galvatron, who is really Megatron in a new body]], having uploaded his essence into a human-made body.
* In ''{{Chappie}}'', [[spoiler: Chappie uploads Deon's consciousness into a Scout whilst the latter is dying from a gunshot wound, and then later uploads Yolandi's consciousness into another custom-built Scout after she'd died. Chappie also gets around the problem of his low battery by uploading himself into a discarded Scout body nearby.]]
* ''Film/OverdrawnAtTheMemoryBank'' called it a "dopple" (as in doppelganger). Once your brain was uploaded to a [[WhenThingsSpinScienceHappens spinning cube]] you could take a vacation and experience life as an animal. Aaron Fingle's dopple was botched when the technicians lost his body and were forced to upload his consciousness to a mainframe as an interim solution. The film indicated he had a limited amount of time before his consciousness degraded to the point of non-functionality. It wasn't really made clear if this was a function of the transfer, the inability of his body to continue function without the mind or some other factor, but then again it was a made for TV movie aired on PBS. It was also lampooned on ''[[Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000 MST3K]]''.
* ''Franchise/MarvelCinematicUniverse'':
** [[EpilepticTrees Possibly]] Jarvis in the ''Film/IronMan'' movie.
** [[spoiler:Arnim Zola, the scientist from]] ''Film/CaptainAmericaTheFirstAvenger'', succumbed to disease in the 1970s, forcing him to upload his mind to a computer system but in his case it only helped him as he is able to [[spoiler:aid the modern HYDRA, which he revived as a shadow organization within the US government, execute their plan without the restrictions of age slowing him down]] in [[Film/CaptainAmericaTheWinterSoldier the sequel]]. Also, since this happened back when computers were still reel to reel, his brain requires a truly massive amount of storage space, in both the literal sense and the technological sense.
** An odd case in ''Film/AvengersAgeOfUltron''. [[spoiler:Rather than a human attempting to upload their mind from a body into a computer, it's Ultron, a computer program, attempting to upload his mind from the network into a specially-designed body. Later, Tony and Bruce try to upload J.A.R.V.I.S. into the same body, despite opposition from Steve, Wanda and Pietro]].
* The cheesy sci-fi film ''Film/{{ROTOR}}'' suggests that part of the protagonist's mind was uploaded to the killer robot.
* Deconstructed in the film ''Film/{{Advantageous}}.'' Gwen, the protagonist, loses her job as a corporate spokesperson due to age and racial discrimination, just as the company that's firing her is perfecting Brain Uploading technology. In order to support her daughter, she asks to be put into a younger body and return to her job as the company's spokesperson. [[spoiler: The technology is still in its infancy. When the newer, younger Gwen feels disconnected and distant from her daughter, she finds out that she wasn't "uploaded" so much as "photocopied." Fragments of Gwen's memories and experiences were put into a new host body and blended with the host's personality; in short the original Gwen is dead, and the new spokesperson is an entirely new being.]]

* ''Literature/{{Accelerando}}'' by Creator/CharlesStross has uploads; they're legally the same person as their predecessor--to prevent people from running up huge debts, copying themselves, and then committing suicide--and work by neural simulation.
* The Creator/AlastairReynolds [[Literature/RevelationSpaceSeries Revelation Space]] universe has both neural ("alpha-level") and behavioral ("beta-level") uploads.
** Alpha-level uploads are considered sentient in their own right, and when they're first developed constructing them kills the human in question. Even after nondestructive scans become possible, destructive alpha-level scans achieve a higher resolution and a more accurate simulation of the mind they are based upon. Most people prefer nondestructive uploads with periodic updates, for obvious reasons. It's also implied that it takes a certain strength of will and personality to become an upload... many of the first group of uploadees who undergo destructive scanning do not thrive in their new virtualities and many crash or became corrupted. Later systems presumably had this bug ironed out, though it is never explicitly mentioned.
** Beta-level simulations are generally not considered sentient, although a ''particularly good'' beta-level simulation that was trained over a very long period of time may well appear sentient if you don't know any better, to the point where it may as well be considered an AI.
* In William Gibson's ''Literature/{{Neuromancer}}'' series:
** ''Neuromancer'' itself has a ROM chip with a human being's personality stored on it. When plugged in, it acts like an AI.
** Later, more complete uploads can be made with the advent of more complex storage and simulation systems. 3Jane's Aleph in ''Mona Lisa Overdrive'' ended up running several human minds after their bodies died, and it was suggested it may have been used to record many more.
* Played for extreme horror in the short story "Daddy's World" by Creator/WalterJonWilliams.
* In ''Literature/DragonBones'' Oreg had a variant of this done to him. His father gave him a bowl of soup that made him fall asleep, and when Oreg woke up, he ''was'' [[PoweredByAForsakenChild castle Hurog.]] He feels it if the castle is damaged, can see everything in it, and can make doors lead to places where they shouldn't be able to lead, such as directly from a cave deep under the castle to the protagonist's bedroom. He does have a body, which is not his actual body, but a magical copy that his father gave him because "it amused him" - this fact enabled all owners of castle Hurog to inflict pain on Oreg if they wished to punish him. And it is implied that many of them wished to do so. Made worse by the fact that Oreg can't commit suicide, only his current owner can kill him.
* One of the main characters in ''Literature/TheAndroidsDream'' by Creator/JohnScalzi is the uploaded personality of Brian, the protagonist's high-school friend, who brain-scanned himself as a prank just before graduating, and then died in combat shortly thereafter. [[spoiler:Brian eventually discovers that many of the events in the book have been orchestrated by another uploaded personality, who's been around for about a century. Unlike Brian, her brain was scanned while she was old and the technology was still in its infancy. In fact, the strain ended up killing her, but the VirtualGhost lived on.]]
* The ''Jenny Casey'' series by Creator/ElizabethBear contain a sentient AI with the memory and behavioral patterns of physicist UsefulNotes/RichardFeynman. Despite thinking of himself as "Dick" or "Richard", he's very clear on being a different person than the original Feynman. He also takes considerable advantage of the increased processor power he finds, duplicating himself many times [[spoiler:and eventually becoming a sort of guardian to the entire Earth]].
* In Creator/TadWilliams's ''Literature/{{Otherland}}'' series, the villains plan to upload their minds to the Otherland network (and commit suicide to avoid duplication problems). It fails; however, [[spoiler:Orlando]] finds himself uploaded to the network after [[spoiler:his apparent death]], and it eventually transpires that the version of [[spoiler:Paul Jonas]] who's been appearing throughout the series is an upload; after [[spoiler:his]] HeroicSacrifice, the main characters meet his physical counterpart. [[spoiler:Mr. Sellars does this in the end, too.]]
* The central premise of the Literature/TakeshiKovacs series by Creator/RichardKMorgan is that computer technology has advanced to the point where everyone has their brain backed up on cortical stacks and most any middle class consumer can afford a new body after a while (mortgages and re-sleeving insurance policies are common making the price an apparent contrast with that of a house), creating effective immortality open to the mass market. Bodies are referred to as "sleeves" and society as a whole doesn't value life as much since you only suffer 'Real Death' if your cortical stack is destroyed -- and cortical stacks are heavily armored. They can be destroyed, but it takes a good deal of effort to do so. Anything short of massive firepower, enormously high temperatures or [[spoiler:nanomachine-induced disintegration]] won't so much as scratch them. Cortical stacks commonly survive incidents of incredible violence that leave the bodies [[LudicrousGibs scattered over several square metres]].
* ''The Footprints of God'' by Greg Iles has memory uploading using a super MRI to scan the brain, and uploading the resulting model into a computer. The uploaded person is fully connected to the Internet, and able to learn things in seconds. The person being uploaded is a billionaire with a [[AGodAmI god complex]]. [[HumanityOnTrial Guess]] [[ANuclearError what]] [[TalkingTheMonsterToDeath happens]].
* In John [=DeChancie's=] ''Skyway'' series, the protagonist's father has his mind preserved by SufficientlyAdvancedAliens and acts as the AI for his truck. Later he's given a pseudo-organic body by other even Sufficiently More Advanced Aliens.
* ''Fool's War'' by Sarah Zettel ''appears'' to have brain uploading technology. [[spoiler:In actuality, it just has [=AIs=] who've figured out how to ''download'' themselves into human bodies -- the uploading process doesn't work on anyone who started their life as human.]]
* In the strange society depicted in Creator/IainMBanks's book ''Literature/FeersumEndjinn'', when a person dies their mind is automatically uploaded by organic systems in their brain (not implants; they grow there naturally implying they are germ-line genetic engineering). They then get downloaded into physical bodies again the first seven deaths, then spend their next eight rebirths solely in a virtual reality. Then they die for good. Nondestructive uploads can also be made, and their experiences reintegrated at a later date. This allows for the possibility of people uploading copies of themselves to have a passionate affair in a suitably private virtuality, and then redownload the experiences into their minds and fully appreciate them later without interfering with work or family life.
* In ''Destination: Void'' by Creator/FrankHerbert, the entire purpose of the apparently impossible, deliberately crippled interstellar colonization mission is determined by the crew to be to force them to create (because they are doomed to die if they don't), beyond the reach of the disaster that would likely ensue, an artificial intelligence beyond the capacity of a human brain. This is done by first building a physical analog of a human brain, but with several times the complexity, then once it has displayed the necessary capabilities, uploading the mind of one of the creators into it, and parts of the personalities of the others. [[spoiler: This results in the creation of a god, like in all Frank Herbert books.]]
* This is the entire plot of ''Circuit of Heaven'' by Dennis Danvers. 99% or so of humanity has uploaded their consciousness into "The Bin", a giant computer storage that lets them all live virtual lives. Those who chose to remain behind live in a CrapsackWorld where everything's been abandoned. They are allowed to temporarily visit their relatives within The Bin, doing a temporary brain uploading.
* Several works by Creator/RobertJSawyer explore this trope:
** ''The Terminal Experiment'' has a scientist scan and copy his mind three times, to run an experiment: One is left without knowledge of mortality to simulate immortality, another is stripped of all physical sense, to explore a disembodied afterlife, and one is left unaltered as a control. This soon [[GoneHorriblyWrong goes horribly wrong]] as they escape onto the internet and one starts killing people.
** The short story ''Identity Theft'' also deals with some of the ramifications of this. [[spoiler:One of them being, if a ''second'' copy of a person is made and you destroy one of them, is it murder?]]
** ''Mindscan'' was built upon ''Identity Theft'' where it has this being commercialized. Rich people get what's essentially a super MRI that creates a perfect duplicate of the brain at the time and it gets uploaded into an android body. The originals then retire to a lunar colony that's extra-legal and the androids will claim to be the humans and designed to look like them at their peak of life. The book then revolves over WhatMeasureIsANonhuman as one android version has to fight over her personhood.
** ''Red Planet Blues'' portrays a Martian colony where this technology is commonplace and normal. The few people who object on the grounds that a copied mind is soulless, are seen as weird.
* This is common in ''Literature/DownAndOutInTheMagicKingdom'' by Creator/CoryDoctorow. Anyone with enough Whuffie can backup themselves at will, a restore is made using a clone body. Since the process is so easy and basically free, it's common for people to swap their body for a clone-and-restore for things like the common cold.
* In the ''Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse'':
** There is an alien species that likes uploading the minds of prisoners and putting them through some kind of programming to make them AIs for small fightercraft and various systems in their ships. We're never shown or told what this does to the minds, but Luke thinks they're all suicidal.
** A later book had the dying Jedi boyfriend of a character willingly going through this with that same technology, though without the reprogramming, and being put into a [[RidiculouslyHumanRobot Ridiculously Human Droid]]. The result was basically a human-looking droid who answered to the same name and had the right memories and personality, but couldn't touch the Force and didn't feel any angst when captured and given a restraining bolt. General consensus was that doing this had been a mistake. There was also a Jedi character who'd uploaded herself into a spaceship somehow; the end of the book had droidboy getting destroyed and his girlfriend committing suicide while leaving her body intact so that spaceship girl could inhabit it. Droidboy and his girlfriend are mentioned by no other authors.
* Literature/TheCulture has brain uploading as a matter of course; human mindstates get scanned and transmitted out of danger.
* Creator/{{Ken MacLeod}}'s ''Literature/FallRevolution'' books have it as well, with brain backups, or minds that get copied from brain to computer and back to brain.
* Creator/VernorVinge:
** The short story "The Cookie Monster" has a decidedly unethical variant; [[spoiler:a scientist uploads his students and employees into a simulated computer environment without their knowledge and uses them to do tasks that require a human mind at computer speeds, and [[GroundhogDayLoop "resets" them after a set period]] (a day for tech help, months for researchers, etc.) to keep them from catching on. It's not revealed whether "reintegration" with their real-world counterparts is possible, though as two of the protagonists [[CloningBlues are copies of the same person]] and another is a copy of someone who was murdered after upload, it's definitely not possible for all of them.]]
** Discussed in the novella "Literature/TrueNames" as a possible solution to Erythrina's health problems--the possibility is remote, but not necessarily completely out-of-reach.
* Creator/PeterFHamilton:
** Edenists in the ''Literature/TheNightsDawnTrilogy'' universe upload themselves to the neural strata (brain) of living habitats at the moment of their deaths. Notably, the individual's consciousness only exists as a discrete entity for a few decades before it is absorbed into the habitat's gestalt personality. [[spoiler:Also, souls objectively exist. They are distinct from a person's consciousness and are ''not'' uploaded.]]
** In his Literature/CommonwealthSaga, humanity developed an artificial intelligence, the SI, in the 22nd century. It set out on its own and took over an (uninhabited) planet, but still maintains cordial, if slightly inscrutable, relations with humanity in the 2380s, when the story takes place. It's become something of a trend for people, especially rich types concerned with their legacy, to upload themselves to the SI when they die. Which, thanks to rejuvenation and re-life technology, is entirely voluntary.
** By the time of the ''Literature/VoidTrilogy'', over 1,000 years after the ''Literature/CommonwealthSaga'', humanity has developed the Advanced Neural Activity system- ANA- as a repository for human consciousnesses on Earth. ANA is the official government of Earth, definitely the most powerful faction in the human Greater Commonwealth, and possibly one of the most powerful physical or semi-physical factions in the galaxy. Important uploaded folks maintain organic bodies in storage for when they need to interact with physical humans or aliens. Less important people can have a body cloned for them upon request if they want to stretch their legs. Few do. ANA is explicitly recognized as a stepping stone for humanity on the path to going [[AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence post-physical]]
* This happens to Lia Kahn in ''Literature/{{Skinned}}'' by Robin Wasserman.
* This appears in ''[[Literature/CouncilWars There Will Be Dragons]]'' by Creator/JohnRingo. Rachel, one of the protagonists, has a friend who gets transferred into nanites [[spoiler: and dies as a result of the power loss when the Net goes down, although it's stated that she might be revived if the power returns and she'd had a good memory storage system installed]]. The nanites are regarded as being people, but one of the problems mentioned with the procedure is that it 'locks' the person at the mental and physical age they were when it was done, meaning that the friend is stuck as a teenager for the rest of her life.
* Creator/GregEgan loves this trope and the philosophical questions it poses:
** In "Learning to Be Me", children are fitted with a "jewel" -- a small solid-state computer that monitors all brain activity and emulates it, guiding (or forcing) a slaved AI to be a mental clone of the growing child. As middle age approaches, it is traditional to have the failing grey goo scooped out of your skull and let the jewel take over. If you ''are'' the failing grey goo, you have a horrible dilemma to face -- but are you ''absolutely sure'' you aren't the jewel?
** ''Permutation City'' centers around the topic of brain uploading. In it simulations, including environments such as cities, are created for people who create virtual clones of themselves. For research purposes the protagonist himself uploads his brain multiple times, yet the virtual clones kept killing themselves so he chooses to make an experiment.
** Its SpiritualSuccessor ''Literature/{{Diaspora}}'' is in a world where most of the population are uploaded minds who live in robotic shells, virtual-reality environments, or both. This gives them great control over their own minds: xenobiologists can make alien copies of their consciousnesses to act as emissaries and translators, artists can loan out their sense of aesthetics, space travelers can slow their perceptions and suspend their capacity for boredom, and so on. By the second part of the book, most characters are the "descendants" of uploaded individuals and have never been organic.
** ''Literature/SchildsLadder'' and ''Incandescence'' are in a far-future civilization where people can copy or transfer their minds between organic and cybernetic chassis at their convenience; space travel is usually done by commissioning a new body on the destination planet and then beaming the mind over. Oddly, ''Schild's Ladder'' mentions some FantasticRacism against people who exist entirely in virtual reality, but the notion that they would try to assimilate the entire universe into a computational medium is mocked as a goofy conspiracy theory.
* ''Literature/TheAdorationOfJennaFox'' by Mary Pearson. [[spoiler: Jenna Fox wakes up after being in a coma and finds out she is only a clone of herself.]]
* A destructive variation happens to the main character of ''Loop'', by Koji Suzuki, where he volunteers to messily get himself uploaded to a virtual reality to [[ItMakesSenseInContext save the world from super-cancer]]
* The Creator/StrugatskyBrothers' ''Literature/NoonTwentySecondCentury'' includes a short story, in which the brain uploading technology is first attempted on a dying genius's brain. This procedure involves shutting down an area for miles lest any EM emissions interfere with the process. For the same reason, perpetual rain clouds are induced in the area to block solar radiation. The containers for the mind are large buildings full of gel. This makes one character to wonder if everyone will take up as much space after an upload. The other character thinks that anyone else's mind will probably fit into a suitcase. Unfortunately, the subject dies with only 98% of the process complete, making this a partial success.
* This becomes the plot point in the ''VideoGame/StarCraft'' ExpandedUniverse ''Dark Templar Trilogy'', where a Protoss female named Zamara copies her consciousness into the brain of Jake Ramsey, a human archaeologist. While she is able to communicate with him and grant him some of her PsychicPowers, the process will ultimately kill Jake. They travel to a Dark Templar world where priests record memories of still-living Protoss onto [[GreenRocks Khaydarin crystals]]. This is different from what is done by the Khala-worshiping Protoss, who have specialized individuals known as Preservers, who store entire consciousnesses (not just memories) in their heads, "uploaded" through the HiveMind at the moment of death. Zamara is the last Preserver. The goal is to put Zamara's consciousness onto one such crystal. Unfortunately, Zamara realizes that the Dark Templar only copy ''memories'', not entire individuals. However, the unusually large crystal they use not only manages to contain the entire consciousness of a Preserver but also that of a [[EldritchAbomination Dark Archon]] who threatens to destroy everything.
* In the ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}'' series, there is one book in which a species of intelligent birds on the Hork-Bajir homeworld have the technology to create computer-backups of a person's mind, which can be inserted into someone else's brain after the original's death, to temporarily share their body. [[spoiler: The Andalite female Aldrea]] was stored in this way. In the Ellimist Chronicles [[spoiler: the ellimist is captured by a creature the size of a moon, who can absorb memories of any being it entangled. He eventually breaks free by downloading all the memories into himself. The trope appears again later when he starts making copies of himself, until he has become an entire starfleet. The copies never branch off to become separate people, however, as their minds are always in contact with each other via ship-to-ship communication.]]
* In Creator/RobertAHeinlein's Future History series, specifically ''Literature/TimeEnoughForLove'' and its sequels, this capability is identified as part of the [[FountainOfYouth medical rejuvenation technology]] used in cases of extreme physical deterioration, wherein a human being's brain is scanned and uploaded to a computer while a new one is cloned; said clone then has the saved brain downloaded back into it. The same technology is used in reverse when the computer Minerva decides to [[PinocchioSyndrome become human]] -- she creates a [[MixAndMatchMan composite]] [[WetwareBody clone body]] and downloads herself into it once it's mature.
* While not computerized, Characters in the ''Literature/SkulduggeryPleasant'' Universe can sleep for three nights with a gemstone called an echo stone beside them, and thereby imprinting it with their personality and memeories. It then generates a hologram which can also talk, but is still immaterial. The stone needs to be recharged by putting it in its cradle, which takes about a year.
* Max Barry's ''Literature/MachineMan'' has the main character, Dr. Charles Neumann,[[spoiler: eventually end up as this.]]
* Discussed in ''The Biology of Franchise/StarTrek''. Athena Andreadis's general conclusion is "it's theoretically possible assuming a ludicrous amount of highly reliable data storage, but if it could be done, it's very likely you would go insane".
* Uplading is a recurring theme in Creaotr/RobertReed's works:
** The short story ''Finished'' features a destructive form of brain uploading, called "finishing". The patient is immersed in a tub of microscopic machines, which infiltrate the body and begin to scan and record everything while destroying the tissue to power themselves. The scanned brain is then downloaded into a robotic body designed to mimic human appearance. However, because the scan is only of a few seconds of brain activity and because of the non-rewritable nature of the robotic brain, emotions recorded when someone is "finished" remain lingering for the rest of the time they remain alive in their artificial body. So if someone is finished on a good day, they'll always be in a fairly good mood. If they are finished while terminally ill or suffering, [[FateWorseThanDeath they'll be suffering for hundreds of years.]]
** ''The Winemaster'' had tens of thousands of people upload their minds into tiny, [[YearOutsideHourInside fantastically fast]] robotic bodies. BrainUploading became an illegal activity in the United States after a number died due to heavy atoms from cosmic rays destroying their minds, and uploaded minds are considered to not be living entities - as almost none of the current transhuman individuals were originally even ''human'', instead being [[UterineReplicator artificially built]] to resemble humans. The story follows a group of transhuman individuals fleeing the destruction of their shielded enclave in a Buick, which functions as a GenerationShip because of how fast the transhumans live.
* ''Staying Behind'', a short story by Ken Lui. This has caused the collapse of civilisation because most people chose to live forever in digital form, and those who refuse are left in a ScavengerWorld with little to offer their children.
* In ''Literature/RatsBatsAndVats'', this turns out to be something that can be done with Rats and Bats, which are {{Uplifted Animal}}s created by installing neural cyberware (called "soft-cyber" in series) into genetically engineered animals; because their memories and personalities are ultimately rooted in the soft-cybers, extracting the implants and then re-installing them in a new brain allows them to be resurrected. [[spoiler: In the sequel novel, Ariel, a rattess, gets killed by the now openly-hostile Korozhet and has her soft-cyber installed into a mindwiped human woman; their intention was to question her, but things got out of hand. While she's not entirely comfortable in the new body, she gets over it quite quickly; she can finally take her InterspeciesRomance with her human cohort, Fitzurgh, to a physical level as a result.]]
* In SA Swann's Literature/{{Apotheosis}} series, Residents of Salmagundi all have their minds uploaded into the Hall of Minds at or immediately before their deaths, for later downloading by their descendants.
* In Literature/TheNexusSeries: Several attempts were made to upload someone to a computer brain. One was reduced to reciting poetry endlessly, while another was an American billionaire who decided he was [[AGodAmI a god]] afterwards and had to be destroyed before he crashed the entire grid. [[spoiler: We soon learn that Su-Yong Shu is the first successful upload of a person to a quantum computer system, which was done as a last ditch effort to save her life after an assassination attempt. Part of the reason why she hasn't gone like the rest is because she also has a [[WetwareBody clone body]] running [[BrainComputerInterface Nexus 5]] that can interact with her stored consciousness. [[SanitySlippage After this body is killed however...]]]]
* In ''Literature/TheQuantumThief''-trilogy most of the humanity live as Gogols, mind uploads that can be copied and modified for different tasks as their superiors see fit, in planet-sized ''gubernya'' diamond brains of the Sobornost upload collective. Meanwhile, Earth has been taken over by out of control nanotech, which absorbs and contains human minds, but doesn't give them embodiments, resulting in centuries of sensory deprivation, and most often insanity. Finally, a rival upload collective, the Zoku, imprint their minds on quantum states of matter that can't be copied, embracing the unpredictability principle of the quantum mechanics that the Sobornost abhor.
* In ''The Tunnel Under The World'' by Frederick Pohl, Guy Burckhardt and the rest of the inhabitants of Tylerton were [[spoiler: killed in a chemical explosion. Their minds were transferred into the body of miniature robots so that Dorchin could use them as advertising test subjects]].
* In ''The Last Holey Man'' [[note]] yes, that's spelled right [[/note]] by V.C. Angell, the great dark secret of Reconstructed civilization is that [[spoiler: since the mind recordings are analog, people [[CloneDegeneration lose memories every time they are backed up,]] and usually don't even realize it has happened. The destructive uploading process is also notoriously unreliable, and many humans don't survive even in electronic form.]]
* ''The Century Long Journey'' by Vladimir Tendryakov has Earth communicating with another race 36 light years away. There is no FTL in any form, so they take a person with eidetic memory, upload his brain, and broadcast it to the other guys. The other planet grows a body for him, learns about Earth, teaches him everything about itself, and sends his mind back.
* Several ''Literature/TheHistoryOfTheGalaxy'' novels deal with this. During the [[TheWarOfEarthlyAggression First Galactic War]], the [[TheEmpire Earth Alliance]] [[RealRobot serv-machines]] used human pilots working in direct neural contact with [=AIs=]. Over time, an AI would learn from the pilot and even adopt some of the pilot's personality traits. One novel involves a lead designer putting an extremely-complex AI module into a new series of serv-machines with a lot more {{Data Crystal}}. All the members of that battalion end up dying in battle. However, their machines are recovered, repaired, and reused. Over time, the [=AIs=] end up resurrecting the personalities of the dead pilots. Later (in-universe chronology) novels deal with the implications of the ImportedAlienPhlebotinum called "logr". A logr is a small DataCrystal that's also an incredibly powerful computer. They were specifically designed millions of years ago to preserve the minds of dead [[StarfishAliens Logrians]] after death in a fully-functional virtual world. Once humans get their hands on the tech, the implications are staggering. No one needs to die permanently anymore. They can survive in their own private world. Additionally, reliable cloning tech means that ResurrectiveImmortality could become a reality. This, though, is clamped down on, as it presents so many legal issues (e.g. inheritance, property, debts), it's easier to just make it illegal to clone a new body. Ultimately, a solution is found by sending volunteers to faraway worlds to settle them and start brand-new lives. There's also a very real fear of ImmortalityImmorality, as evidenced by the [[HumanAlien Harammins]], whose Immortal Quota has ruled a stagnant empire for 3 million years by using this tech.
** The main character of the "John Mitchell St. Ivo" story arc has his mind uploaded into that of an identical-looking android after being fatally wounded by a security bot. In one novel, he has to constantly prove his right as a sentient being, as most just assume he's a run-of-the-mill self-learning bot (who don't qualify as sentient beings in this 'verse, for the most part). Later on, his android body is damaged, so his "crystal sphere" is plugged into that of a HumongousMecha instead (thanks to PlugNPlayTechnology). By the end of the arc, he grows an appropriately-aged clone for himself and downloads his mind into it.
* In Creator/SergeyLukyanenko's ''Literature/LineOfDelirium'', ResurrectiveImmortality called [=aTan=] (anti-Thanatos) is achieved by first performing an excruciatingly-painful molecular scan (for the MatterReplicator) and implanting the person with a "neural net", which appears to be a series of brain implants with a SubspaceAnsible. According to the official story, at the moment of death, the net beams the total sum of the person's knowledge (including the memory of dying) into the [=aTan=] Corporation's databanks. If the person's resurrection has been paid (always in advance), the nearest [=aTan=] facility replicates a new body based on the saved template and downloads the person's mind into it. The real truth is that it's impossible for a neural net to send out so much information in a single burst, especially since it's entirely possible for it to be damaged or destroyed during the person's death. Instead, the net is constantly transmitting new memories, and the end of the transmission is treated as death. Attempts to block the transmission trigger a resurrection, except the new body might have all the person's memories but none of the consciousness. Should the original find a way to kill himself, the new body suddenly becomes a full-fledged person. That's right, OurSoulsAreDifferent. It's also possible, but highly illegal, to record and look through a person's memories like an audio-visual film.
* In the ''Literature/JacobsLadderTrilogy'', all Exalts upload their minds to their symbiotic nanite colonies. In the event of their death, their mind can be transferred to the Library and stored for access by necromancers, or downloaded into a BodyBackupDrive. To prevent their enemies from coming back in this way, some people make a habit of consuming the colonies of those they kill.
* In ''Literature/StarTrekColdEquations'', which follows on from the ''Next Gen'' examples below, it's revealed that [[spoiler: Noonien Soong]] transferred his mind to an android body in a destructive process. He believes - but is not certain - that he is the "real" person, having experienced continuity of consciousness during the procedure. He briefly worries that he may be an android who has murdered his creator, but quickly realises the contradiction; if he's not the person who initiated the procedure then he's an android who watched his creator commit suicide.
* In ''Literature/{{Genome}}'', Alex eventually discovers that [[spoiler:"Edgar", the so-called artificial virtual personality, is actually the uploaded mind of Edward Garlitski, a brilliant geneticist, whose ideas were so controversial that TheEmperor ordered his mind to be uploaded into a [[PowerCrystal gel crystal]] and his body destroyed (it doesn't help that, in the prequel, Edward's OppositeSexClone tried to start a rebellion in the Empire). This probably means that the original Garlitski is dead and gone, and "Edgar" is just a copy]].
* ''Literature/WeAreLegionWeAreBob'': A living brain is destructively scanned, where it can be uploaded to a replicant core and activated. While the original is dead, the copy can be copied infinitely, and most nations on Earth use these copies to run important but boring tasks that are beyond lower-level [=AIs=]. Bob himself is used for a Von Neumann probe.
* In the ''Literature/AgentG'' novels by Creator/CTPhipps, this turns out to be the origin of [[spoiler: the Letters. They think they've just had their memories wiped but are actually clones of a bunch of deceased agents who are being employed as expendable soldiers for the [[FluffyTheTerrible International Refugee Society's]] clients.]]
* The existing of this technology is a major plot point in ''Literature/LucifersStar'' as it's discovery allows the creation of clones with the existing technology of bioroids. The protagonist, Cassius Mass, has to deal with the fact one has been made of him and being used to serve as a figurehead for a YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters organization he opposes. The trick being its a more idealistic and bloodthirsty past version of his present self. Cassius also encounters a similar clone of his sister [[spoiler: and late wife.]]
* In Creator/JohnScalzi's ''Literature/OldMansWar'', when 75-year-olds join the Colonial Defense Force, they're told that they will have healthy lives. What they're not told is that they will be injected with tens of thousands of nanobots, which will perform continuous brain scans in order to get their patterns, while the cadets are put through a number of tests to trigger certain emotions and mental processes. After a few days, their minds are transferred to a quickly-grown youthful body partly based on their own DNA (but heavily modified for SpaceMarine duty). The process takes a few minutes, but during it, the person feels as if he's watching the procedure from two viewpoints at once (i.e. through the eyes of both bodies). After synchronization is achieved, the doctor cuts the link and shuts down the old body's brain. It's not stated what would happen if the old brain isn't shut down (i.e. would there now be two versions of the same person walking around?). The legal issues are averted, since the cadets are already legally dead back on Earth and can never go back. After their tour of duty is complete, they may retire to civilian life, at which point the procedure is repeated, and they're loaded into a proper young clone of themselves.
* In the DistantFinale of ''[[Literature/{{Spin}} Vortex]]'', the various human colonies manage to use Hypothetical technology to upload their minds into the Hypothetical network prior to the end of the universe. Isaac Dvali does the same. At the moment of the universe's collapse, they manage to transfer themselves into TheMultiverse and exist as raw data. Isaac eventually grows weary of this existence and voluntarily ends it by downloading his memories into the mind of a brain-damaged young man in another universe (which appears to be a time-shifted version of the primary 'verse), hoping to change the fate of the man he admired.
* In ''Literature/PleaseDontTellMyParentsIHaveANemesis'', Penny invents brain transfer technology, which she uses to give The Apparition a body, and then uses to create a heroic duplicate of herself to fight in an effort to establish a separate villainous identity so that she can move to being a superhero. ''Literature/PleaseDontTellMyParentsYouBelieveHer'' follows up with the climax of the prior book, with Penny desperately seeking a way to get her brain back in the right body.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'':
** In the episode "The Ultimate Computer", Dr. Richard Daystrom turned the M-5 computer into an AI by impressing his own engrams (mental patterns) on its circuits.
** In "What Are Little Girls Made Of?" it is revealed that [[spoiler: "Dr. Roger Korby" is a mind-uploaded android duplicate of the real Korby, who is dead. As with the [[RobotMe android Kirk,]] he's a very imperfect copy. When he's finally made to realize how inhuman his mind is, he commits suicide.]]
* In ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'':
** In the episode "The Schizoid Man", Dr. Ira Graves uploads his brain into Data, [[GrandTheftMe essentially possessing him]]; at the end he [[spoiler:moves into the ''Enterprise'''s computer, where his knowledge exists but he has no conscious awareness]]. [[AndIMustScream We hope]].
** There's also something of a debate (albeit one with -arguably- a life on the line) in the episode "Measure of a Man" wherein Commander Maddox proposes an experiment that basically involves taking Data apart to see what makes him tick. His only reassurance that Data himself will be preserved by this is the fact that he is able to download all of Data's memories and experiences into a computer and reupload them when his body is reassembled (that's assuming he CAN actually reassemble him.) Data argues that only the events and recollections themselves will be preserved and the "essence" of the events and situations will be lost, therefore so will he; because ''Franchise/StarTrek'' wants to have its materialism and eat its dualism too, it's never made entirely clear whether this is because [[OurSoulsAreDifferent Data's soul wouldn't survive the transfer]], or just because Maddox isn't competent to do it properly. Still, theoretically uploading might be possible. They never got to take him apart to find out for sure; the episode's conflict is if Data is a person and therefore if the procedure can take place without his consent. Once he's given human rights for sure, he politely tells Maddox "No, you can not take me apart to see if you can put me together again."
** And let's not forget the episode "Inheritance," where Data finds out that [[spoiler:his "mother," Juliana, is an android, with a mind based on a synaptic scan of Noonian Soong's dead wife's brain. The procedure was so successful that [[TomatoInTheMirror Juliana doesn't even know she's not human.]]]] Interestingly, there's no sign whether scanning a brain with this technique damages it or not; all we know is that [[spoiler:Soong performed the scan while the "real" Juliana was terminally ill and in a coma.]]
* In the ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'' episode "Lifesigns", the Doctor discovers that his dying patient has some sort of electrical implant in her brain that enables him to transfer her mind into the ship's computer and let her live as a hologram while he works on the disease in her actual body. Unfortunately, the circuitry containing her mind has only a limited time before it will degrade, thus causing her death unless she's transferred back to her body in time.
* In ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** In the new-series two-parter "Silence in the Library"/"Forest of the Dead", the computer at the heart of the titular library is an uploaded version of a young girl who had a terminal illness. She's also capable of storing and running the personalities of anyone else who tries to teleport while in the library, as well as anyone who dies in the library while wearing neural relay.
** In the original series, the Time Lord Matrix was a supercomputer that contained the recorded ''memories'' of all the past presidents of Gallifrey, but apparently not their complete personalities.
** This happens to the TARDIS in "The Doctor's Wife". Her mind is uploaded into a human body, while the MonsterOfTheWeek uploads himself into her original body. The rest of the episode consists of the Doctor and the TARDIS working together to get her back into her own body.
-->'''The TARDIS:''' Do you really not recognize me? Just because they put me in here?\\
'''The Doctor:''' They said you were dangerous.\\
'''The TARDIS:''' Not the cage, stupid. ''(puts fingers on temples)'' In here. They put me ''in here!''
* This is what makes the Cylons of ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}'' functionally immortal. Their memories and consciousness are stored upon their death and then downloaded to identical bodies, [[spoiler: until the Resurrection Hub is destroyed.]] It's also their origin, by way of ReplacementGoldfish. [[spoiler: Maybe. It seems a bit more complicated than that.]]
* The prequel, ''Series/{{Caprica}}'' also delved into this. Zoe-A is an uploaded version of Zoe Graystone who died in a terrorist attack. Up to her point of death, she was streaming data to her virtual avatar, so Zoe-A is an almost duplicate of the original Zoe. Other people who were uploaded with less data tend to have holes in their memories and personalities. Once the technology went public, many factions found their own uses for brain uploading; Corporations sold brain uploading as an insurance against death and a way for grieving families to stay in touch with the deceased. At the same time, a terrorist organisation figured that uploading their martyrs into a virtual heaven they've built was a good loophole to resolve the whole question of what happens after death.
* Turns up in, of all places, ''Series/RedDwarf'' as the technology behind hologrammatic characters--every crew member has their personality and memories uploaded and stored so they are available come back as a VirtualGhost after they die. There doesn't appear to be any technical limitation on how many copies of an individual hologram can run simultaneously, although running even one takes an enormous amount of power and system resources[[note]]which causes some FantasticRacism against holograms in-universe, as it's the preserve of the ''very'' rich[[/note]]... But that doesn't mean it's a good idea, as Rimmer helpfully demonstrates.
%%* A similar plot happens in an episode of ''Series/AmazingStories'' called "The Eternal Mind".
* How the titular character of ''Series/MaxHeadroom'' came to be. The same process is brought up in one episode as a way to save the life of a terminally ill millionaire. Though Max and his "original" coexist and interact regularly, the implications of having multiple copies of the same personality around are discussed very little.
* Several ''Series/TheOuterLimits1995'' episodes deal with the concept. One memorable episode, "Replica", also involves CloningBlues. A scientist's wife falls into a coma while attempting to upload her brain into a computer. After many years, he perfects cloning and duplicates his wife using the uploaded information. She is the perfect copy of his wife. However, just then his real wife awakens from her long sleep and isn't too thrilled to find out there's another one of her. The couple decides to kill the clone, but the situation is ultimately resolved by cloning the guy, ensuring that both couples are happy.
* In a ''Series/JohnDoe'' episode, a scientist experimenting in this field is killed. It turns out it was his colleague who turned out to be a religious fanatic and claimed humans aren't meant to live forever. The twist happens at the end, when it is revealed that the scientist encoded his mind onto ''bar codes'' of several ordinary-looking items. It's stated that it'll be a ''long'' time before technology allows for the memories to be "revived" as a fully-functional virtual person.
* In ''Series/StargateSG1'' this is basically how the Asgard survive, which is convenient since the main ones keep dying all the time. [[spoiler: Unfortunately, the cloning process is impossible to maintain indefinitely so most of them opt for mass suicide instead of slow death.]]
* In ''Series/{{Warehouse 13}}'', the supposed AI created by a former Warehouse agent, which takes over the warehouse in one episode, is actually an artifact-assisted upload of his right-brain, leaving the living agent with all his creativity, but none of the logic that enabled him to harness it.
* In ''{{Series/Eureka}}'', this is the eventual fate of [[spoiler:Holly Marten, after she [[YourMindMakesItReal is killed while inside a simulation]].]]
* In one universe in ''Series/{{Sliders}}'' robots had killed all humans aside from their creator, who wanted to be uploaded into a robotic duplicate. But he wasn't about to do such a radical procedure without testing it first, so when the Sliders showed up he tried to use Quinn as a guinea pig. [[spoiler: Then it turned out his creations had already uploaded him earlier when he was nearly killed in an accident.]]
* ''Series/PersonOfInterest:'' In "[[Recap/PersonOfInterestS02E21 Zero Day]]," we learn that The Machine [[spoiler: is programmed to erase its non-relevant memories and reboot every night at midnight.]] In order to work around this, [[spoiler: The Machine prints hard copies of its memories out in [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Base64 Base64]] and hires typists to re-input them. Root describes it as "an external hard drive made up of people and paper."]]
* The central conceit of ''Series/{{Dollhouse}}''. The titular Dollhouse is made up of people who, for whatever reason, volunteer to have their minds uploaded and put in dead storage while the Dollhouse rents out their bodies to high-paying clients, imprinted with personality composites made to order so they can serve a variety of purposes for rich clients (usually prostitution). Of course, it's not long before the show begins to examine the grander implications of the technology involved.
* One episode of ''Series/{{Proof}}'' features a device that allows a person to upload his thoughts onto a computer that converts them into recognizable pictures which become clearer as more pictures are captured. One of the scientists working on it dies while wearing the device, and a large amount of data is uploaded during the moment of death, including various memories throughout his life, as well as hints to the existence of an afterlife, which is what the protagonists are looking to find.
* ''{{Series/Delete}}: Daniel uploads his mind into the AI (it wanted to merge with him) as a means of passing his conscience along and stop its attacks on humans.
* Discussed in the ''Series/AdamRuinsEverything'' episode "Adam Ruins Death". Adam points out that copying our memories onto a computer, even when that becomes a possibility, will just make an advanced version of Siri. A clip shows an old man hooked up to a computer. The computer shows a simulated face that appears to be the man's uploaded mind. Then the old man realizes that ''he'' is still dying, no matter what. The episode's point is that death is inevitable and that we should just accept that it's going to happen and not expect science to solve that eternal fact.
* On ''Series/{{Scorpion}}'', Walter was trying to perfect this, as a way of saving his terminally-ill sister, Megan.
* ''Series/HemlockGrove'': Dr. Pryce devises a method of mapping a person's entire neural network and then download it into other bodies. He specifically designed a lab-grown human with a BlankSlate mind for that purpose, as it tends to wear of when applied to people with existing personalities.

[[folder: Other Sites]]
* ''Wiki/SCPFoundation'', [[Characters/SCPFoundation [=Characters/SCPFoundation=]]]
** [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-2000 SCP-2000 ("Deus Ex Machina")]]. Both played straight and inverted. SCP-2000 creates human clones and loads preexisting neural patterns into them. Copies of neural patterns of important personnel are updated as well.
** [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-2048 SCP-2048 ("The Virtual World")]]. SCP-2048 says that by scanning a person's brain activity and using an AutoDoc to extract and destructively analyze their brain it can put their mind into a virtual reality LotusEaterMachine.
** [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-2669 SCP-2669 ("Khevtuul 1")]] is a Foundation space probe that contains the consciousness of an exobiologist named Dr. Asma Tareen. Through a combination of sheer isolation and the soul-crushing realisation that there is no other life in the galaxy, she has gone completely insane and [[EarthShatteringKaboom is returning to Earth at 5 times lightspeed]]. [[spoiler:To try and stop her, the Foundation tried to upload the mind of a physicist, only for her to subsume his consciousness. Then they sent a psychologist to try and talk her down. Then they sent a computer expert to hack her systems. Both of these failed. Now they're sending the consciousnesses of coma patients and babies in a desperate attempt to confuse her to try and keep her away.]]

* In ''Podcast/{{SAYER}}'', the deep space exploration vehicle Vidarr-1 is traversing the galaxy with the mission of finding habitable Earth-like planets--and the concern is that if the planets are inhabitable, they may already be inhabited. With that in mind, the probes have been designed to resemble diminutive humans and uploaded with recycled human consciousnesses [[spoiler:from the travelers killed on launch]]. This causes problems when the probes retain basic memories and hold on to the launch tubes to prevent being catapulted into space.

[[folder: Stand Up Comedy]]
* Discussed by Music/MitchBenn in his show ''That Was the Future'', where he concludes that the only reason to do this is if you're the kind of opinionated jerk who really hates the idea that after your death, people who disagree with you will get a word in edgeways.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* The ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' adventure "Imago" had a human personality uploaded to and stored in a computer. This is probably a ShoutOut to ''Literature/{{Neuromancer}}'', because the game borrowed a lot of other things from that novel. It also had the Program [=JackBeNimble=], which "saved" copies of the brains of people killed in the Crash 2.0
* The "ghosts" in the ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}}'' setting ''TabletopGame/TranshumanSpace'' are produced by disassembling and scanning a human brain at the molecular level. Contrast with "shadows", which are non-destructively uploaded but are imperfect simulations, and "eidolons", which aren't even made with a brain scan-- they are just fakes made from stock footage and biographical databases.
* "Nybor's Psychic Imprint" spell in ''TabletopGame/ForgottenRealms'' (at least, 3rd ed).
* ''TabletopGame/{{Cyberpunk}} 2020'' has the "Soulkiller" program, which would copy the victim's personality onto a sufficiently powerful mainframe and then kill the victim's physical body. Alt Cunningham, the program's creator, became its first victim when she had finished writing Soulkiller for evil MegaCorp Arasaka and they decided they didn't need to have her running around anymore.
** Overlaps with AndIMustScream.
** Also, certain kinds of full 'Borgs, especially combat models, can be used with brain canisters that store a person's memories/soul which can be swapped between the combat cyborg body and a "normal" one.
* ''TabletopGame/CarWars''. Autoduelists store their memories on a machine and have clone bodies made. If they die in the arena, their memories are "played back" into their clone and they live again (well, sort of).
* Extremely common in ''TabletopGame/EclipsePhase''. Most of the surviving population of the solar system escaped the devastation of Earth by uploading their minds off-world, and backups are ubiquitous. Unfortunately, there's also a severe shortage of bodies, and millions of info-refugees desperate to own one.
** Also, almost every body comes equipped with a Cortical Stack, and as in the ''Literature/TakeshiKovacs'' series (which gets an InspirationNod), they are nearly indestructible barring a deliberate attempt to destroy them.
* Played with in the ''FATE Core'' game ''TabletopGame/{{Mindjammer}}'', most citizens of the New Commonality of Humankind are constantly connected to the Mindscape and copy many of their memories to it for later access by themselves or others, and can initiate a "thanogram thoughtcast" that creates a complete personality and memory snapshot at the cost of inflicting brain damage so most only do it when dying. The resulting thanatograms can be used to create artificial intelligences called eidolons but it is generally accepted in the Commonality that eidolons are not the people they are copied from, still there is a persistent meme in many of the newly recontacted [[LostColony Lost Colonies]] known as the "Transmigration Heresy" which does believe that eidolons are reincarnations of their progenitors.
* In ''Nova Praxis'' brain uploading requires a process called "Apotheosis", which involves nanobots replacing brain tissues with nanogel over the course of a week. Afterwards the subject can remain in their original body until it dies or upload into a flash-cloned or robotic sleeve, or even live as a Sim on a server.
* In the backstory for the ''TabletopGame/WarhammerAgeOfSigmar'' GaidenGame ''Warhammer Underworlds: Shadespire'', [[TheMagocracy the Katophrane]] rulers of the city discovered that the mysterious substance known as shadeglass could be used to capture the souls of the dead. Seeing the potential in this phenomenon, the Katophrane constructed a network of shadeglass mirrors throughout the city to store their living essences so that they could continue to guide their city eternally rather than pass on to the afterlife. It was for this denial of his due that [[DeityOfHumanOrigin Nagash]], the God of the Dead, cursed the city, turning it into the nightmarish realm of madness and illusion that it is today.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* [=MegaMan=].EXE in ''VideoGame/MegaManBattleNetwork'' supposedly originated as an uploaded version of a baby with a rare heart condition who had no other way to survive. He also uses DNA ([[MST3KMantra somehow]]) to perform {{Synchronization}} with his twin brother.
* In ''VideoGame/MegaManLegends'', [[BigBad Juno]] was about to backup himself through this way after being defeated by Mega, as long as the ColonyDrop would [[XanatosGambit remain continued]]. Fortunately, it was halted by Data the monkey, who has A Class authority over the system (while Juno was C class), not only it halted the colony drop, it deleted Juno's backup data.
* ''Franchise/{{Halo}}'':
** Human-made "Smart" [=AIs=] (that is, ones that can learn new information) are created by this method. The resulting [=AIs=] are ''not'' exact copies of their donors (since the uploaded mind will automatically rewrite its neural map into a superior system), but will often retain some memories and sensations from their original humans (for example, [[VideoGame/HaloWars Serina]] remembers kissing a boy and maintains a theoretical interest in chocolate). However, this process kills the brain being uploaded, so only one (known) AI has even been based on a still-living person's mind, Cortana. She was created by flash-cloning Dr. Halsey, removing the clone's brain, and scanning it; it took twenty tries. Indeed, this was part of the reason why self-cloning is technically illegal. Also, for some reason, "Smart" [=AIs=] can't be copied.
** Mind transferring was ubiquitous in [[{{Precursors}} Forerunner]] society; even the armor they wore everyday was capable of uploading the wearer's consciousness, with their funerary rites involving loading the deceased's last recorded memories and mental patterns into time-locked containers. Naturally, they had a much more advanced form of this trope, being able to upload effective copies of their consciousnesses into computing systems ''without'' destroying the original mind. While the method they used to make their actual [=AIs=] is unknown, [[spoiler:343 Guilty Spark himself was created in a process similar to that of human [=AIs=], as a way to save the dying human Chakas (though other human personalities were also loaded into him)]].
** ''VideoGame/{{Halo 4}}'' has a malicious variant of this; the [[spoiler:Ur-Didact]] uses the Composer (an abandoned Forerunner device originally designed to combat the Flood) to painfully destroy humans so their minds can be digitized to make his personal army of [[EliteMooks Promethean Knights]].
* ''VideoGame/TalesFromTheBorderlands'' reveals that, before his death, [[spoiler: [[MadScientist Professor Nakayama]] had an AI version of [[BigBad Handsome Jack]] created. Rhys accidentally uploads said AI into his brain, and later uploads it into Helios itself; though whether Rhys does so willingly or through Jack forcing him to depends on the player's choice.]]
* ''VideoGame/{{Independence War 2}} Edge of Chaos'' takes Jefferson Clay from the first game and puts him in a "Brain Box", so that the main character over a century later can have a mentor and guide to the game. [[AllThereInTheManual According to the manual]], the digital Clay is not too happy about this state of affairs.
* The AI that comes with the ship TheFederation loaned Samus in ''VideoGame/MetroidFusion'' is one of these. [[spoiler: Because of his similar personality to an old commanding officer of hers, Samus dubs him Adam. She later realizes that it actually ''is'' said officer, uploaded to AI, when he says something to her that [[AsYouWish only he would say]].]] Brain uploading is commonly used in the Federation to preserve the minds of politicians, military leaders and other important people. It would seem that the uploading is only done when the person is dead or dying, but considering that he died under unrelated circumstances ([[spoiler:namely in the huge, fiery explosion of a lab full of invincible Metroids jettisoned into space]]), this is almost certainly to avoid the complications of having armies of duplicates running around rather than for any reason inherent to the process.
* ''VideoGame/HostileWatersAntaeusRising'' had this, with "soulcatcher chips"; it was apparently inspired by ''Rogue Trooper''. They were said to the copies of the minds of dead soldiers in AI form. Though they could be duplicated you were not allowed to, because it had been found that if two copies of the same personality became aware of each other each would consider the other an impostor and they would fight to their destruction.
* ''VideoGame/SidMeiersAlphaCentauri'' implies this to be part of the process behind the Clinical Immortality secret project. And that's just the beginning: the AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence Victory is done by first uploading all the knowledge created by Mankind into Planet's [[GeniusLoci global mind]], then by uploading all your people's minds in the same global mind. It's also specifically stated that the project will result in ''everyone''[='=]s mind being uploaded into Planet (whether they want it or not). However, only the faction that completes the project first will have its members retain most of their individuality.
* ''VideoGame/{{Portal}}'': [=GLaDOS=] claims to have a backup of Chell on file, which she later claims to delete. Of course, [[spoiler:she is a [[UnreliableNarrator lying liar who tends to lie]].]]
** In ''VideoGame/{{Portal 2}}'', Cave Johnson wanted to upload himself into Aperture Science's central computer system to stave off his death. [[spoiler: In case he died before that, he wanted his secretary Caroline to run the facility. When Cave himself died, Caroline was uploaded into [=GLaDOS=].]]
*** In the [=PeTI=] DLC, it turns out that in an AlternateUniverse Cave [[spoiler:succeeded in uploading himself. He quickly goes insane from boredom, and decides he needs to kill everyone so he can ascend to Olympus like Hercules]]. When Cave Prime hears this, he decides to [[spoiler:''cancel the [=GLaDOS=] project'', confirming that "Earth 1" is not the same universe the main story takes place in.]]
* In the ''VideoGame/BlackMarket'' universe, people can be downloaded into Soul Jars, while machine minds are relegated to Turing Jars. Pirates use this method to endlessly reincarnate; one of the main characters is a "Ghost" in this fashion.
* ''VideoGame/AceCombat3Electrosphere'' had this with "sublimation", the act of uploading your mind inside a computer. Among other things, Ouroboros is a secret faction hell-bent on sublimating all the people in the world, and Fiona is unable to forgive her sister Cinthia after she tells Fiona she wants to sublimate her mind. (Don't panic if you don't know that: all that stuff is exclusive from the Japanese original; the American release had [[{{Macekre}} this engaging storyline replaced]] with a generic AIIsACrapshoot plot).
* The Doctor, a PlayfulHacker of ''VideoGame/CityOfHeroes'' is revealed to be one of these, and created an easily produced process to upload personalities. Oddly enough for the genre, it didn't destroy her original mind or body; [[MegaCorp Crey]] took care of that some time after she had already gone on the net. She's treated as a [[WhatMeasureIsANonHuman human]], although she does recognize that she's not one any longer. ''VideoGame/CityOfHeroes'' also features this trope's inversion : Paragon Protectors are revealed to run on home-built personalities downloaded into clone bodies, using the same underlying technology and copied on a massive scale. [[CloningBlues They're fairly expendable]], in a world where normal clones or uploaded personalities are treated fairly well, but [[MegaCorp Crey]] does tend to harvest the original copies for those personalities from the rotting corpses of dead heroes and rip out whatever higher brain functionality is left before slapping the Paragon Protector together.
* Occurs at the end of ''VideoGame/SpaceQuest 4'', when BigBad former-"human" AI Vohaul not only uploads Roger's son's mind to a disk (1.44mb! Who knew the mind was so... compressable?), but then uploads his own mind to Roger's son. Roger then has to defeat Vohaul by putting his son's mind back in place, and transferring Vohaul's mind to the computer just seconds before a system format.
* In ''VideoGame/Jak3Wastelander'', Vin ([[spoiler:who had died in the previous game]]) is discovered to have uploaded his mind into a computer. This is treated as if he were the same person [[spoiler:and had never died at all]].
* [[WildMassGuessing One theory as to]] what happened to Dr. Light between the original ''VideoGame/MegaManClassic'' series and the ''VideoGame/MegaManX'' series. Also, it's believed that Wily somehow turned himself into a Reploid (Serges, one of the X-Hunters from ''VideoGame/MegaManX2'').
* ''VideoGame/TronTwoPointOh'', the video game sequel to the cult sci-fi Disney flick ''Film/{{Tron}}'', featured Ma3a, an artificially intelligent construct and vector for the digitization correction algorithms who was modeled after the original movie's Lora Baines, player character Jet Bradley's mother. It is hinted however that Ma3a actually has part of Lora's consciousness integrated into her program (said part having been digitized during the digitization laser accident that claimed Lora's life).
* Orthopox from ''VideoGame/DestroyAllHumans'' does this when [[spoiler:he gets destroyed with the mothership during a nuclear attack staged by the KGB.]]
* The opening cinematic of ''VideoGame/CortexCommand'' shows a person's mind being uploaded into a BrainInAJar, which frees the mind and makes space travel a lot easier.
* ''VideoGame/StarshipTitanic'': all the robots on board have these have copied human minds courtesy of 'personality transfers'. It's like blood donation in America, which means you get lots of people who really shouldn't be donating.
* In ''VideoGame/DefenseGridTheAwakening'', the general who won the war against the aliens 1000 years ago had his brain uploaded in case they came back, which they have. He usually plays the part of the ExpositionFairy, but he can't seem to get raspberries off his mind.
* In ''VideoGame/TotalAnnihilation'', this is what sparks the game's galaxy-wide [[ApocalypseHow class 4 apocalypse]]. When the Core announces it will start doing this to it's citizens, the Arm rebels. The Arm apparently thinks cloning soldiers in bulk to be used as cannon fodder is fine, though.
* In ''{{VideoGame/Starsiege}}'', this is how the Immortal Brotherhood came to be; individuals who were part of the Lazarus Project team, or who were exceptionally loyal to Emperor-to-be Solomon Petresun, were transferred into biomechanoid brains which could then be transplanted from body to body. Since the brains have their own power supply and were extremely durable, the immortal could be killed without actually dying... however, the nature of the brain/body interface could cause severe personality shifts from one 'lifetime' to the next. [[BigBad Prometheus]], the [[AIIsACrapshoot Cybrid]] who invented the technique, later used it to create infiltration units as weapons against its creators.
* ''VideoGame/PerfectDark [[{{Prequel}} Zero]]'' has an appearance by a character who appeared in the original game as an AI. He dies in the very mission you meet him in; the last mention he gets is [=dataDyne=]'s CEO calling over the intercom "I want his brain on ice!".
* In the ''Franchise/MassEffect'' series:
** The fluff contains some interesting trivia on "brain" uploading: essentially, a true intelligence, be it natural or artificial, can only "run" on a quantum computing core, and while it is possibly to copy the ''data'' that constitutes it to as many cores as you wish, each copy would be a different "individual" rather than a carbon copy, thanks to the Heisenberg uncertainty principle that plays a major part in quantum computing. The geth get around that by acting as a single emergent HiveMind ("geth consensus") that controls multiple hardware platforms.
** A real TearJerker example in ''VideoGame/MassEffect2'' which has David Archer, whose mind was uploaded so he could control an army of [[MechaMooks Geth]]. Unfortunately, his mind is unable to take the strain of being in charge of a highly advanced computer network, and he goes insane.
** In the ''VideoGame/MassEffect3'' ending "Control", [[spoiler:Shepard performs this in order to take over the Reapers]].
* In ''VideoGame/InfiniteSpace'', the [[HiveMind NOS Command System]] owned by Zenitorians allows one to transfer his/her consciousness to a spare body, as shown by Rubriko.
* Throughout most of the ''Franchise/AssassinsCreed'' series the audience - and the characters - are led to believe that [[spoiler:Subject 16, Desmond's predecessor, went crazy and committed suicide. The first is definitely true, and the second may be as well, but before he did so, he was able to upload or at least copy his mind into the Animus program, where he is implied to be watching over Desmond.]]
** In ''[[VideoGame/AssassinsCreedRevelations Revelations]]'', [[spoiler:this is confirmed. He shows up for the first time, fully-formed, ''marginally'' more stable than previously displayed, and confirms himself to be a copy in his database entry. Interestingly, despite stating in no uncertain terms that he is a copy of the original Clay Kaczmarek and that the original is dead, he still introduces himself as Clay Kaczmarek and seems to consider himself a real person in his own right]].
** This may also be how [[spoiler:Juno has survived all these millennia, plotting to return to the world and take it over. Unfortunately, Desmond has no choice but to release her in order to activate the shield protecting Earth from the solar flare]].
* ''VideoGame/{{Glowgrass}}'' contains an example where it is used to discover part of an ancient culture.
* Prometheus in ''VideoGame/{{Conduit 2}}'', due to events in the last game.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Kamui}}'':
** The eponymous fighters require this to work. At the time they're developed, they're considered NecessarilyEvil due to the extremely powerful [[MeleeATrois ZODIACs clashing with Ophiuchus]], laying waste to the earth just as collateral damage.
** After the event with the [=ZODIACs=] ends, the scientist that developed the technique (whose daughter was one of those uploaded) eventually uploads himself to the orbital fortress "The Adjucator" after he finds out that the government, whom he considers to have become corrupt, is planning on using his technique to strengthen themselves.
* In ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolidPeaceWalker'', a somewhat less biological, more behaviourally-based attempt is used to create Peace Walker's AI, a somewhat [[CameBackWrong distorted]] version of [[spoiler: [[LadyOfWar The Boss's]]]] consciousness.
* At the end of the ''VideoGame/{{Marathon}}'' GameMod ''EVIL'', the player character's mind is uploaded to the D'ricta space station's core.
* In ''VideoGame/SwordOfTheStars 2'', you can preserve admirals' expertise by converting them into expert systems. They will never retire; however, since the end result of the destructive process is not truly sapient, they won't gain any more stats improvements or possible new skills. The supplementary material also reveals that this is the case with the [[PlanetLooters Locusts.]] They were once an organic race until they invented BrainUploading, upon which some of those who became engrams decided they were superior to the baselines and bombed the latter back to the stone age before setting out into the void to make more of themselves while wiping out the inferiors.
* Your entire crew in ''VideoGame/IronSeed'' has had this done to them.
* In the ''VideoGame/ArmoredCore'' series, becoming "HUMAN-Plus" means this... they also fuse your consciousness with your AC. [[spoiler: This is what happened to the Zodiacs in Armored Core 5. And Chief. And Hustler One (AKA [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast NineBall]])]]
** It also happens to [[spoiler: Reaper Squad and later Maggy, when she chooses to become a reaper]] in Armored Core Verdict Day
* In ''VisualNovel/MuvLuvAlternative'', this happens to [[spoiler: Kagami Sumika and she becomes the "00-Unit". Although the process killed her, she was [[AndIMustScream already just a]] BrainInAJar, so that actually isn't much. The end result is that she becomes a Quantum Computer with a practically human body that isn't quite human.]]
* ''VideoGame/UniverseAtWar'' has Commander Orlok of the [[PlanetLooters Hierarchy military]]. The [[TheManBehindTheMan Overseers]] couldn't risk losing such a competent commander to death. So they had his consciousness transferred from his organic alien body to a HumongousMecha, effectively granting him immortality and thus giving him the title of "The Eternal".
* ''VideoGame/{{X}}-Universe'': The X-Encyclopedia speaks of "presence clouds," artificial nebulae made of a form of degenerate matter called computronium that forms a sort of DysonSphere around a star. The [[{{Precursors}} Ancients]] virtualized their consciousnesses into one and create replacement ones around other stars as dictated by stellar life cycles.
* ''[[VideoGame/GoldBox Buck Rogers: Matrix Cubed]]'': Implied to be the origin of friendly AI [=SCOTT.DOS.=] The co-leader of [[FunWithAcronyms P.U.R.G.E.]] does this while your party is storming their headquarters, creating [=SOOTH.DOP=]. He ends up getting [[HoistByTheirOwnPetard Hoisted By His Own Petard]] when you discover a virus the P.U.R.G.E. scientists were developing specifically to destroy digital personalities on the same computer he's locked down.
* Done to the party in the finale of ''VideoGame/{{Earthbound}}'', as traveling back in time using the Phase Distorter would destroy organic bodies, so they're given robotic bodies to use for the journey.
* This happens to countless people in ''VideoGame/{{Transistor}}''. Their uploads, or "Traces," are what you use for active and passive abilities. However, Red isn't able to communicate with any Traces directly other than the Man, [[spoiler: because of all the people trapped in the Transistor, he's the one she knew the best and cared about the most]].
* In the graphic interactive fiction ''[[VideoGame/{{Gateway}} Gateway II: Homeworld]]'', after the PlayerCharacter travels to the PocketDimension where the [[{{Precursors}} Heechee]] are hiding, he finds that their society is in large part influenced by the uploaded minds of their deceased ancestors. The official belief is that they're the same people as when they were alive, although a small faction secretly believes that they're just copies, explaining that they experimented with uploading the minds of the living, and the process doesn't take anything away from the living person, while both versions appear to be fully-functional individuals. Eventually, thanks to the player, the Heechee agree that it's time to stop living in the past and drastically reduce the influence their ancestors have.
* In ''VideoGame/CivilizationBeyondEarth'', Neural Uploading is a late game technology and part of the Supremacy affinity. The process works by scanning a person's brain to map it, then running a simulation of the brain in a quantum computer. The [[Quotes/CivilizationBeyondEarth quotes]] associated with advancing through Supremacy show that AIs are treated as equal to humans, and the Supremacy affinity as a whole sees AI, robots, and cybernetics as the way for humanity to move forward.
* In ''VideoGame/{{SOMA}}'', [=WAU=] sought to keep its humans alive by ''[[AIIsACrapshoot any]]'' means necessary. Any human that couldn't be turned into cyborgs forcibly underwent this, including Catherine and [[spoiler: Simon]]. Of course, [[spoiler: the process is more like Brain Copying]].
* In ''VideoGame/StarcraftIILegacyOfTheVoid'' the Purifiers were an experiment in Protoss brain uploading and robotics. However, the Conclave treated them like machines and weapons and they rebelled, only to be shut down for centuries. Later they are reactivated to aid in the war against Amon. And it turns out that [[spoiler: Fenix had his memories copied while he was being turned into a [[BrainInAJar Dragoon]] and his robotic version convinces the Purifiers to join the cause. But he later decides he is only a clone and renames himself Talandar.]]
* In the backstory of ''VideoGame/EndlessSpace'' the Endless have found a way to transfer their minds into machines. This caused a great schism in the Endless society, between those who want to remain organic, and those who embrace virtulization. This sparked a massive war which lead to the extinction of the Endless.
* ''VideoGame/XenobladeChroniclesX'': [[spoiler:The people in New Los Angeles were led to believe that the White Whale's Lifehold Core housed the humans' real bodies in cryostasis, controlling artificial bodies called mimeosomes (or mims for short) from a distance, which is only partially true. In reality, their consciousnesses and minds were uploaded to a huge database in the Core, which is controlling the mims; their original flesh-and-blood bodies were destroyed along with Earth, though the Core was equipped with enough protoplasm and DNA information to create ''new'' flesh-and-blood bodies for their consciousnesses to go back to after the planet Mira was made safe. Elma explained that there was a lot of ethical debates regarding which solution each Ark should adopt to evacuate Earth; the White Whale favored this one as it allowed more people to be saved.]]
* ''Videogame/StarRuler2'''s expansion pack introduces The First, a playable faction composed entirely of post-physical aliens that watched the extinction of their origin species and the rise and fall of hundreds of other empires. The First have only ventured out from their computational hubworld after the arrival of the Heralds, fleeing ''something'' in their home galaxy. Despite The First's ancient nature and the computational power they possess, they are the only empire to have absolutely no form of FasterThanLightTravel.
* ''VideoGame/Code7'' has [[spoiler: Alex. Their friend Sam even finds Alex's brain connected to the computer]].
* In ''{{VideoGame/Headlander}}'' humanity has uploaded their minds into robot bodies called imposters, in a bid to live forever.
** [[spoiler: It is implied that [[BigBad Methuselah]] was created by several uploaded minds being combined, one of which belonged to the character that the player character is a clone of.]]
* In ''VideoGame/Doom2016'', Samuel Hayden underwent research into cybernetics after learning that he had brain cancer, uploading his consciousness into a robotic body so that he could continue his research.
* In ''Videogame/{{Destiny}}'' the Exos are the result of human minds being uploaded into mechanical bodies, resulting in highly intelligent RidiculouslyHumanRobot [[MechanicalLifeforms lifeforms]]. It is unclear what precise purpose the Exos served prior to [[TheEndOfTheWorldasWeKnowIt the Collapse]], with differing sources suggesting they were built as war machines, as [[{{Transhuman}} a means of achieving immortality]], or as a mechanism to let a mere human mind safely explore [[DeusEstMachina the Vex network]].
** ''Videogame/Destiny2'' revealed in the ''Warmind'' expansion that the Exos' experience "Disassociative Exomind Rejection," a syndrome where the human mind "rejects" their mechanical body and suffers a degenerative breakdown where the human mind will eventually "die." The solutions to this were to periodically routinely reboot the Exo, although this would cause issues with memory over time if done repeatedly,and to program "humanisms" into Exos like letting them [[EatingMachine eat, drink,]] sleep, or [[{{Robosexual}} copulate]] to mimic their old human life.
* ''VideoGame/{{Stellaris}}'':
** The "In Limbo" anomaly has your science vessel discovering a vault on a lifeless alien world, containing still-functional computers that the planet's original owners used to upload scans of their brains in a last-ditch attempt to survive some apocalypse. You can shrug and leave it be, study the equipment, or try to download these digitized consciousnesses into whatever robot technology you have available. Uploading the data into Robots or Droids gives an underwhelming result, but if you've got full [[RidiculouslyHumanRobots Synths]] researched, not only is the download a complete success, [[VideoGameCaringPotential but the grateful robo-aliens join your empire, potentially by colonizing a world none of your existing species can survive on.]] Alternatively, the [[TheXenophile Enigmatic Observers]] may ask for the dead aliens' brain patterns so they can clone new bodies for them on their [[PeopleZoo Sanctuary planet]], which gives you a significant opinion bonus with the most benign Fallen Empire type without the happiness penalty for giving them some of your own people.
** Materialist star empires can take two Ascension perks to go from organic beings to cyborgs, then to uploading their entire species' brain patterns into synthetic chassis. While this has obvious benefits when it comes to eschewing food consumption and settling any type of planet, other empires will be unnerved by your decision, resulting in a diplomacy penalty. Even machine races will be a bit puzzled as you fall into their version of the UncannyValley, while Spiritualist empires will be appalled, especially if one of the [[VestigialEmpire Fallen Empires]] in your galaxy is the [[ScaryDogmaticAliens Holy Guardians]].
--->'''Holy Guardians:''' That yours was a depraved species was not unknown to us, but your latest act of insanity has surpassed even our darkest fears. Making imperfect copies of your brains and plugging them into mobile synthetic containers is not the same as transferring your essence into a new body, for such a thing cannot be done. [[CyberneticsEatYourSoul Your souls are lost forever.]] Do you even realize the enormity of your mistake? Destroying the bodies you were gifted with at birth was nothing less than the collective suicide of your entire species. There is truly no hope for you now...
* In ''VideoGame/{{SUPERHOT}}'', it's revealed that [[spoiler:the game itself is an AssimilationPlot uploading its players inside the game via brain uploading. This includes you in the finale, with no end in sight.]]

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* About 15% into ''VisualNovel/AnalogueAHateStory'', it's revealed that [[spoiler:your AI companion, *Hyun-ae]], is actually the uploaded mind of [[spoiler:a girl of the same name]] who perished on the ''Mugunghwa'' along with everyone else six centuries ago.
* Played with in ''VisualNovel/GrisaiaNoRakuen''. Yuuji soon learns that the Thanatos computer system :is linked to the uploaded brain of [[spoiler:his sister, Kazuki,]] who was found on the verge of death. Thanatos did not have the memories of the person it was based on at first until a clever researcher helped it unleash the memory blocks, after which it could act as the person it had been in life. [[spoiler:However, in truth, it wasn't just that the brain was uploaded but rather that the brain was connected into the computer system through the spinal cord while Kazuki herself was placed into an isolation pod, making it a subversion. The system doesn't work properly without her connected, meaning that her brain was never truly uploaded at all.]]

* Elie from the ''Webcomic/GiftsOfWanderingIce'' carries alien memories in her mind. They reveal themselves from time to time in the form of painful, vivid reminiscences of the past triggered by the sight of ancient things. There is more to this: the conscience of the person to whom these memories belong is still alive in the girl's mind and makes attempts to take control of her body.
* In ''{{Webcomic/Narbonic}}'':
** [[spoiler:Dave does this after his MadScientist awakening.]]
** In the mini comic ''[[http://www.webcomicsnation.com/shaenongarrity/narbonic_plus/series.php?view=archive=47564 Edie in Orbit,]]'' which has only seen the light of day as a Sunday special feature, Edie's robot buddy is a human mind scanned into a floating robot head.
* In ''Webcomic/GirlGenius'':
** Tarvek uploads his sister's mind into a [[RidiculouslyHumanRobot Ridiculously Human Clank]] almost by accident: he builds it to serve as her prosthesis after she's injured, and it doesn't notice when she dies. Later, the same clank ends up housing the mind of [[BigBad The Other]].
** This [[http://www.girlgeniusonline.com/comic.php?date=20100407 was]] lady Lucrezia's ''speciality''. Currently, there are at least ''three'' known copies of her mind uploaded into various bodies: [[spoiler: Agatha, who has to wear a special pendant to keep the Other's personality repressed, the Anevka-clank, whose original personality was removed completely first, and Zola, who may or may not have actually taken control of the Other personality in her.]]
* A Major McGuffin of the Hob arc in ''Webcomic/DresdenCodak''.
* In ''Webcomic/{{Unity}}'', the main character's neural patterns had been uploaded into a powerful computer. [[spoiler:This simulation eventually (and accidentally) takes over the ship - for the better.]]
* In ''Webcomic/BobAndGeorge'', the Maverick virus is a digital copy of Dr. Wily's soul, corrupting and reprograming Reploids just as Wily did to robots.
* In ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'', this is how Dirk created his auto-responder. It was apparently meant to [[MundaneUtility respond to instant messages when Dirk himself wasn't at the computer]], though it's developed beyond that. It's treated as a character in its own right, superficially similar to Dirk but with its own quirks and eccentricities.
* ''Webcomic/SchlockMercenary'':
** The Bradicor initially tried uploading their minds to computers when physical immortality proved problematic. It worked for a a long time, but eventually imploded, leaving only the corporeal Bradicor (who had decided to accept the side effects of physical immortality) alive.
** Project Laz'R'Us allows a person to use {{nanomachines}} to achieve {{immortality}} by backing up the brain onto the skin and other parts of the body. The black-ops group that was supposed to be perfecting it for civilian use mostly used it to [[ManchurianAgent download sleeper agents into unsuspecting civilians]]. The [[CloningBlues Gavs]] used another version of the same system to diversify 950 million clones by implanting skills in addition to major physical changes. Eventually, the Oafans helped distribute an improved version of the technology and cover up its shady origins. People can be restored to their last archived backup even if the original body is completely disintegrated; legally they're considered clones and a different person than the original as of the time of backup, but they typically step directly into the void left by the original with no trouble.
** Later on, we're introduced to the All-Star, a secret [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matrioshka_brain Matrioshka brain]] containing over 2 septillion (that's 24 zeros) uploaded minds.
* ''In ''Webcomic/OHumanStar'', Al's brain is copied to create robot!Al [[spoiler: and Sulla.]]
* In ''Webcomic/QuentynQuinnSpaceRanger'' brain uploading is highly illegal due to the first test subjects [[http://www.rhjunior.com/quentyn-quinn-space-ranger-0091/ going insane]] from a combination of [[AndIMustScream sensory deprivation]] and the knowledge that they were just copies of their organic counterparts.
* In ''Webcomic/WeAreTheWyrecats'', [[spoiler: Mela]] uploaded her brain into a digital black box in case her physical body was ever destroyed.

[[folder:Web Originals]]
* In ''Machinima/RedVsBlue'', AIs work much the same way as they do in the Halo universe -- they are created from a real person's brain, and you can make an AI of a still-living person by cloning their brain and whatnot. In ''Reconstruction'', it's revealed that the Alpha AI that Project Freelancer tortured to create {{Literal Split Personalit|y}}ies to harvest was based on a brain scan of the project's director, [[spoiler:Leonard Church]], specifically to [[LoopholeAbuse get around laws forbidding the mistreatment of artificial intelligence]], since he argued that any tortures he inflicted on the Alpha were more or less done to himself. The Beta fragment, [[spoiler:better known as Tex]], is an unusual variant in that it was created not through psychological torture but as a side effect of the Alpha's creation, born from the Director's strong memories of his LostLenore.
* In the Literature/WhateleyUniverse, one of the supervillains--The Palm--is doing the ''reverse''. He's downloading copies of his AI self into the brains of (probably) already-dead human bodies, with BodyHorror results. (Of course, as far as we know he started out as a human being -- Dr. Abel Palm -- who left his body behind to convincingly fake his death, so depending on just how successful he was he may ''also'' be a straight example of the trope.)
* TYBALT of ''Roleplay/{{AJCO}}'' is an odd example in that he's a robot that had an AI uploaded into him by accident, rather than an AI that had a human uploaded into it. It came about because Cain thought it would be a good idea to recycle the broken facility's old computer system to fix up his adopted robot, [[GoodJobBreakingItHero not realising that said computer had ever had sentience]].
* In ''Literature/FineStructure'', [[spoiler:[[BigGood Mitch Calrus]] inhabits a mortal body, but he needs to be around in 20,000 years to fight the FinalBattle. Thus he makes countless copies of himself and spreads them all over the solar system, to be [[BodySurf installed in available bodies as necessary]].]]
* Ubiquitous in ''WebOriginal/OrionsArm''. Entities that keep upgrading their minds will usually have to upload into a more advanced housing several times.
* In ''Literature/{{Simulacrum}}'' only the protagonists do it. The rest of society sees it as suicide.
* In the ''Roleplay/StarArmy'' universe, the Yamatai Star Empire makes use of extensive "soul transfer" to the point where the vast majority of their population has transferred into optimized, customizable android bodies. Citizens' right to backups is legally ensured and their data is legally protected. Tampering with "soul data" means a permanent death penalty to the perpetrator and all his/her backup files.
* ''Literature/{{Starwalker}}'': Cerebral implants allow this to happen. It's how engineers examine the ship's computers. However, [[spoiler:In the case of Starwalker it results in the brain of Danika, the ship's pilot, merging with the AI of the ship to produce a SpaceshipGirl.]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In ''[[WesternAnimation/TeenageMutantNinjaTurtles2003 TMNT: Back to the Sewer]]'' it is revealed that the Utrom Shredder periodically uploaded a copy of his mind as a back-up; if he ever died, that copy was then re-downloaded into a clone body. Before that, Professor Honeycutt (aka "The Fugitoid") combined this with LightningCanDoAnything.
* In ''WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime'', Optimus Prime loses his memories after using the Matrix to defeat Unicron and reverts back to his original pre-prime personality, Orion Pax. It falls to Jack to restore Prime using the Key to Vector Sigma.
** Later, Soundwave deletes his own hard drives to prevent information from falling into Autobot hands. However, he is fully restored by Laserbeak when the drone finds him and reconnects.
* In the original ''WesternAnimation/{{Transformers}}'' series, the Autobots once transfer Spike's mind into a cobbled-together Transformer body that Sparkplug had made, so his mind can survive while his injured body undergoes surgery. Unfortunately, it turns out a human mind can't function very ''well'' in a Transformer brain, and he spends the episode gradually going AxCrazy until they're able to put him back.
* In ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'', it's revealed that Finn's mother uploaded her brain in order to continue to protect the last remaining human civilization with a robot army as she was dying of a plague. She later attempts to force this upon the remaining humans [[SafetyWorst in order to "protect" them]], but Finn manages to talk her out of it.
* The title characters of ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'' had their minds uploaded by Doctor Venture because they're death-prone and he keeps a stock of clones ready to replace them. That... sounds really bad on paper.
** Oh, it sounds really bad on the show, too, and that's not lost on those around Rusty.
** Even better, Doctor Orpheus, after being unable to find their souls in the afterlife, found them ''inside the recording device''. On one hand, this does mean the clones have the souls of the originals.... on the other hand, ''Rusty inadvertently made a SoulJar''.
* In ''WesternAnimation/BatmanBeyond'', Robert Vance does this because of an uncurable brain disorder. However, after being shut down for 35 years, he explores Gotham, discovers Terry's suit, and decides to find a new body.
* This is the premise of ''{{WesternAnimation/Robotix}}''. Aliens who put themselves in [[HumanPopsicle suspended animation]] to survive a solar flare storm are revived by their MasterComputer, not by waking them but by transferring their "essences" into [[HumongousMecha giant construction robots]] called Robotix. This was [[EmergencyTransformation not their original plan,]] and they're [[BodyHorror very upset about it.]] In Creator/MarvelComics' one-shot comics adaption, the problem is further examined in the fact that the Robotix no longer have human-sized hands with which to manipulate or repair the master computer.

[[folder:Alternate Reality Games]]
* The plot of "ARG/SignalAndNoise" revolves around two people who have been uploaded onto a computer that was [[ColdEquation only made to hold one mind]]. Not to mention these two people's memories of their past lives have been [[QuestForIdentity largely lost]] due to the transfer. Fun.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_Brain_Project Blue Brain Project.]] They've claimed to have simulated a rat's neocortical column and [[CommitmentAnxiety expect]] to be able to simulate the entire human brain by sometime in 2020, depending on which expert you ask. In practice, those who actually study brain development generally believe that it's pointless to predict such a thing, since our understanding of the brain's structure is not complete enough to create an AI.