[[quoteright:190:[[Webcomic/{{xkcd}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/babyfactory_31.png]]]]
[[caption-width-right:190:It turns out [[TomatoInTheMirror we]] are the Von Neumann machines.]]

Take the female body. Now, instead of visualizing a human being, with all the markings of independent thought and higher intelligence, visualize an organic device that can be used to create babies. This is no doubt rather creepy (particularly for our female viewers), but sometimes this is because it is believed to be necessary, to deal with a heavily depleted race of species. On the other hand, this trope can just as easily be engaged in for the sake of evil. Babies can be sold for delicious, delicious profit. Or alternatively, [[EatsBabies they're just delicious]]. You can guess what a sufficiently evil character will do from this point.

The BabyFactory symbolizes the idea of a woman as being chained to her biology, and also represents the darker side of BabiesMakeEverythingBetter. Come what may, babies must be created. No, she doesn't get to have any interaction with the baby. Probably for the better, since she's likely to resent the life this has given her. Even worse, the mother might actually enjoy it- sure, we've reduced the higher functions of humanity to the economic functions of supply and demand, but it's a living.

This trope is a central ramification of any work where creating DesignerBabies is a societal directive. Many ScienceFiction writers avoid it altogether by providing a means of creating babies that doesn't require human wombs or (usually non-consensual) sexual intercourse. Usually this takes the form of a UterineReplicator.

On rarer occasions, men are also involved in this trope, usually as a result of a {{Gendercide}} forcing the survivors to be as engaged in the baby-making business as the women who carry the babies to term. Usually in these cases things are not as bad for the women, who because of large supply, have the choice of whether or not they participate in this process thanks to their relatively high GenderRarityValue.

In some modern works a woman actually sees herself as one of these, and uses the babies she can make as fulfillment in the more traditional BabiesMakeEverythingBetter vein. Can result in TooManyBabies. MarsNeedsWomen may be involved if there are aliens in the story.

See also: MotherOfAThousandYoung, and PeopleFarms, for other human ranching purposes. See also MandatoryMotherhood and BreedingCult.



[[folder: Anime and Manga]]
* The world of ''Manga/{{Gangsta}}'' had a wee problem with many [[WhatMeasureIsANonHuman Twilight]] women being subjected to rampant sexual abuse - for both the reasons that people are just plain terrible and to create more Twilights, kids who would inherent the condition from their mothers and thus [[SuperHumanTrafficking feed the Twilight slave system further]]. So... actually, [[HumansAreTheRealMonsters both reasons are because people are just plain terrible]].
* The Third type androids in ''{{Armitage III}}'' were designed for this purpose in order to increase the Martian population, though they were also given sentience and their own personalities. This combined with the fact that the main villains of the film are [[StrawFeminist feminists who have taken over Earth's government]] who aren't happy about this can make the story rather uncomfortable for western audiences.
* Yuki-onna in ''RosarioToVampire'' have a ''very'' limited window to get married and have children before they become infertile, and their race is close to dying out. This is PlayedForDrama with the yuki-onna Mizore, who is stuck between an ArrangedMarriage to one of the series' villains and unrequited love with the protagonist.
* ''LightNovel/CrestOfTheStars'': This forms a central conflict on the prison world of Lobnas II. When the planet is conquered, the prisoners have their sentences annulled (since they were not sentenced under Abh law). The male prisoners have a dream of starting their own nation on the planet, and wish to keep the female prisoners on the planet by force if necessary, since if there are no women to birth children, the planet's future is doomed from the start. The female prisoners, many of them victims of sexual abuse, obviously want absolutely no part in this and want off the planet ''now''.

[[folder: Comic Books]]
* The Psions in the DCUniverse treat their females like this.
* In ''Comicbook/{{Empowered}}'', Ninjette's own ''father'' wants to reduce her to this. Ninjas sent from the clan have no qualms about chopping off her limbs to make this easier.
* ''{{Elephantmen}}'' were made by Mappo's genetic engineering, and grown from embryos using local African women as surrogates. The mothers were kept under anesthetic and fed with [=IV=]s for the whole pregnancy and gave birth by c-section. More accurately had the newborn extracted from what was left of their bodies, as bearing an elephantman to term is 100% fatal. It's not discussed why some other species of mammal wasn't used, other than "Mappo is a monster".
* [[Comicbook/InnocenceLost Dr. Sarah Kinney]] is forced to become one by Zander Rice when she disobeys her superiors' orders by attempting to create a female clone of Comicbook/{{Wolverine}}. When she successfully creates the female embryo, Rice forces ''her'' to act as the surrogate. Nine months later, Comicbook/{{X 23}} is born.

* ''Film/ShootEmUp''. The reason the bad guys are trying to kill the BadassAndBaby. [[spoiler:Several women are impregnated with the semen of a senator who needs a bone marrow transplant. The villains try to kill the senator by killing the mothers; one runs into the protagonist just before she's killed (just after she gives birth).]]

[[folder: Literature]]
* Kzinti females in ''KnownSpace'' are non-sentient, due to genetic engineering.
* The Axlotl tanks in ''Franchise/{{Dune}}'' are actually the females of the Bene Tleilax.
* The purpose of the handmaids in ''TheHandmaidsTale'' is to provide this service. They're not particularly good at it, though, mostly because the authoritarian society they live in demands that the babies have a specific father, and the society in question is unwilling to acknowledge that the reason some wives can't get pregnant may have more to do with lazy sperm than a faulty ovary.
* On ''Literature/{{Gor}}'' the Priest Kings are - unknown to human Goreans - an insectoid species with a queen in the insect sense; she's revered but doesn't have any actual power. The power of the high council is invested in the First Five Born (of which by the time we meet them there are only two left). The Mother dies in the third book, and the plot of the fourth book concerns recovery of the last female egg, so as to restart the sequence (they already have a male).
* In ''{{Hexwood}}'' by Creator/DianaWynneJones, the corrupt and oppressive intergalactic government enforces its will by means of psychic assassins called Servants. They get more Servants by picking women with strong psychic abilities to breed to the current Servant and giving them drugs so that they have as many babies as possible (the women, naturally, get no choice in this matter). The children are taken away as soon as they're born, and... well, no one knows what happens to the mother after that.
* Creator/FrankHerbert's ''Hellstrom's Hive''. The insect-like humans of the Hive have a practice of salvaging valuable genes from damaged individuals by slicing off most of the body above the waist and below the knees and using the remainder for breeding purposes. Unlike most examples these "reproductive stumps" can be male as well as female.
* Jonathan Swift's famous essay, ''Literature/AModestProposal'' suggests farming women around Europe for babies to eat once they hit 12 months old as a means of dealing with recurrent famine problems.
* In ''Literature/TheGiver'', girls are selected at the age of twelve to begin training as Birthmothers, producing offspring for the Community that are immediately taken away. Once they meet their quota, Birthmothers spend the rest of their lives as factory labourers. The system is elaborated on in ''Literature/{{Son}}'', and it is as sterile and creepy as one would expect -- the women are even referred to as "Vessels" and their children as "Products," and they give birth blindfolded as not to get attached to their offspring.
* In SergeyLukyanenko's ''Literature/{{Spectrum}}'', a race of LizardFolk often travel with four-legged pets. It turns out these are their females who have lost their sentience as a result of a radical evolutionary change caused by an ancient cataclysm.
* ''Literature/{{Lensman}}'' contains a gender-reversed example: The males of Lyrane II are non-sentient and about four feet tall.
* How Werewolves view women in the ''WomenOfTheOtherworld'' series, as a result of GenderEqualsBreed.
* In ''Literature/WorldWarZ'', the Holy Russian Empire ends up resorting to these after the war ends, since there are so few young, fertile people left. The Russian woman the author interviews is currently pregnant with her ''eighth'' child; all her previous children are by different fathers, and they're taken away from her almost at once, presumably so she can get pregnant again as quickly as possible.
* Inverted in China Miéville's ''Literature/PerdidoStreetStation'' with the khephri, as the males are big nonsentient beetles who are of little use beyond reproduction to the females, who look like attractive human women ...except for their heads, which look like big beetles.
* ''Flash for Freedom!'' {{Literature/Flashman}} and the other crewmen on the slave ship are encouraged to sleep with as many female slaves as possible, as women pregnant with lighter skinned babies can be sold at a higher price. Oddly enough, given his usual lechery, Flashman isn't particularly keen on the idea, and takes a single slave as his concubine instead.
* ''[[http://clarkesworldmagazine.com/valente_08_12/ Fade to White]]'', an AlternateHistory short story by Creator/CatherynneMValente is set in a post-WorldWarThree United States where men and women are tested for intelligence, 'loyalty' and most important: fertility. Women who score highly get to raise their children in the more modern houses with the improved radiation-proofing. Men who score high become a Husband, serving as fathers to several families on a rotating basis. Society deliberately maintains the fiction that it's carrying on the [[TheFabulousFifties values of pre-war era]], giving the Husbands phony jobs and each family pretending the others don't exist. Less fertile men (or those who are black or asian) get either shipped out to the front line or take jobs where they must take regular hormone suppressants (so women will be encouraged to only have sex with the fertile Husbands).
* In ''Literature/{{Bumped}}'', teenage girls are heavily encouraged to be surrogate mothers for older couples after a SterilityPlague makes everyone over the age of 18 sterile.
* In ''Promised'', the final book in Caragh O'Brien's {{dystopia}}n ''Birthmarked'' trilogy, the Enclave starts making fertile women become surrogate mothers. The women are given free housing and care. The women are brainwashed into believing it is a choice, however, leaving has dire consequences.
* In one of the ''Literature/DragonridersOfPern'' books, there was a character who, having married a woman he despised for political gain, proceeded to impregnate her in the hope (eventually realized) that she would [[DeathByChildbirth die in childbirth.]]
** Queen dragons were treated as a non-human example during the Long Interval, as the dragons' numbers had declined to a point where there was only ''one'' breeding queen per generation, upon whom the perpetuation of the species depended. Queens weren't allowed to fly except to mate, and the notion of them flying against Thread was inconceivable.
* TheSagaOfSevenSuns has secret genetic and breeding experiments being performed for the purpose of [[spoiler: producing someone who could communicate with the hydrogues]]. An unusual example in that both genders are treated equally badly.
* This is Isabel's role at court in ''Literature/KingdomOfLittleWounds''. Notably right after her oldest daughter dies, the king comes to her bed to create another child as though Sophia were just a part to replace and Isabel a mechanism to make that replacement.
* Song Ching in [[JackChalker Jack Chalker's]] ''Rings Of The Master'' series was specifically engineered for the seemingly mutual exclusive roles of physical and mental paragon and baby factory through the simple expedient of modifying her endocryn system to make her rationality dependent upon pregnancy hormones, giving her full use of her brilliant, cold and rational mind when she is pregnant but making her extremely distracted, horny and suggestible when she is not, effectively programming her to do anything to get pregnant as soon as possible after giving birth. This challenges her fellow {{PhlebotinumRebel}}s to plan their operations around the periods when she is functional, "service" her when she is not and care for her ever-growing family as she does not normally have the mindset that makes for a good mother. Hormone treatments are considered but discarded as they don't want to risk damaging her brilliant mind and she feels the need to say "screw you Dad" by bearing all the heirs her father expected her to produce for him in the service of the rebellion. The real kicker? Left to her own devices, she prefers women.

[[folder: Live Action TV]]
* In one episode of ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'', Doctor Pulaski ends up telling two [[LostColony colonies]] (one consisting of traditional Irishmen, and the other of slowly degenerating [[CloneDegeneration clones]]) that they must engage in widescale polygyny and polyandry in order to gain an appropriate amount of genetic diversity. One Irishwoman expresses disdain that they apparently have to modify the entire way their culture examines the family for the sake of some oddly defined scientific reasons, but ends up agreeing to go along with it.
** The illogic of the trope being applied in this situation was deconstructed in a ''StarfleetCorpsOfEngineers'' novella that essentially spends the entire story asking "What were the ''Enterprise'' crew ''thinking''?"
*** The in-show explanation is that neither colony has enough genetic diversity on its own to survive, though there's no reason they couldn't just open immigration from the Federation.
* ''{{Sliders}}'':
** One world they encounter has recently suffered a massive decrease in the number of available fertile males- the male Sliders are promptly rounded up and sent to a breeding camp once they're discovered.
** The Cromags have to engage in this trope because their females, due to [[DepopulationBomb some disease or something]], can't effectively propagate the race. Main character Wade ends up as one, and that's the last we hear of her until season five, where we find she and other humans are being used to power new sliding technology.
* The Cylon 'farms' on the occupied Colonies in ''[[Series/BattlestarGalacticaReimagined Battlestar Galactica]]''.
* ''Series/SpaceAboveAndBeyond'' depicts the [=InVitros=] being born, fully grown, from one of these.
* An episode of EarthFinalConflict indicates that the Taelons were using human clones and the cover of an infertility clinic to make HalfHumanHybrids. It also stated that Sandoval was also tinkering with the results as well.
* A '''very''' distressing example occurs in ''Series/StargateSG1''. SG-1 finds a planet where the people have developed a virtual panacea which keeps them in perfect health. They later find out that the drug is basically "ground up Goa'uld", as Jack puts it, harvested by enforced breeding of a captive Goa'uld queen. Things get even worse when they find out that the queen in question is Egeria, the mother of the Tok'ra, and pretty much the [[HeelFaceTurn only good Goa'uld ever]].
* [[{{Series/TheLottery}} The Lottery]] has 100 citizens set to become this, pending the results of a national lottery.
* ''Series/BattlestarGalacticaReimagined'' has the female president of the colonies somewhat sensibly point out at one point that in order for humankind to survive in the longterm following the destruction of the home worlds, its people have to start "making babies."

[[folder: Music]]
* Pearl Jam's "Do The Evolution" music video.

[[folder: Standup Comedy]]
* Creator/GeorgeCarlin finds it offensive. He calls it "pumping out a unit".
-->'''George Carlin:''' I also happen to like it when feminists attack these fatass housewives who think there's nothing more to life that sitting home on the telephone, drinking coffee, watching TV and pumping out a baby every nine months. P-poom, p-poom, p-poom, p-poom, p-poom... will seven be enough, Bob? ... p-poom, p-poom.

[[folder: Tabletop Games]]
* In ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'', Skaven females are still bloated baby-makers lacking intelligence or even adequate muscles to support moving their own girth out of their dens.
* Implied among the [[MeaningfulName Death Corp of Krieg]] in ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}''. It is not clear if the "vitae wombs" they use are {{Uterine Replicator}}s or a method of modifying actual human females to drastically increase fertility, but it is considered "abhorrent" {{in-universe}} and only barely tolerated. The end result supports a society that does nothing but crank out DeathSeeker GasMaskMooks by the million.
** There is actually a fairly horrific version of this burried in the lore. A Chaos SpaceMarine by the name of Honsou created a device called the Daemonculaba. The details are fairly graphic, but lets just say it was created as a way of rapidly producing SuperSoldiers and the nicest part involved forced reverse C-Section.
* In ''TabletopGame/RocketAge'' the Nazis have a secret breeding program, with a lot of pure Aryan women involved, on Mercury.


[[folder: Video Games]]
* Brood Mothers from ''Franchise/DragonAge'' are this plus a MookMaker boss.
* The ''GearsOfWar'' ExpandedUniverse: while all able-bodied men were conscripted into the armed forces after E-Day, all fertile women were required to help repopulate Sera. They were relocated to creches where they could be forced to bear children. Though these women got better food rations than front-line soldiers, some of those front-liners considered time with the women at the "breeding farms" a reward.
* {{Oddworld}} has Queen Sam and Lady Margaret, the only mentioned females of the Mudokon and [[CorruptCorporateExecutive Glukkon]] species, respectively. While Lady Margaret is more of a case of BeePeople, Queen Sam is kept in a controlled environment where all she does all day is lay Mudokon eggs, which will be grown into slaves (or, in ''Abe's Odyssee'', food). Her Glukkon masters have gone to the trouble of engineering The Shrink, an artificial intelligence designed solely to keep Queen Sam from reflecting on where her eggs are going, lest this realization make her stop laying. Also, she's kept in a literal factory.
* In ''Super MondayNightCombat'', one of the announcers can sometimes bring up the "Dame Of The Game" prize: One "lucky" female audience member is selected at random, given a bouquet of flowers, and then shipped off to an offworld colony to help with repopulation.
* [[http://www.pikminwiki.com/Red_Bulborb Bulborbs]], common enemies in {{VideoGame/Pikmin}}, are not ''people'', but they still amble around after food, nap during the day, and are dangerous and energetic at night. Except for the [[http://www.pikminwiki.com/Empress_Bulblax Empress Bulblaxes]], which have enormously distended abdomens so swollen that their feet don't touch the ground. Unlike every other Bulborb, rather than chasing and biting attackers she can only roll and thrash and continuously give birth. This is not the natural state of female Bulborbs - it happens to the largest one in a given range in response to environmental changes - like, perhaps, Pikmin-sized Captains showing up and making the food do weird things.
* [[TheHorde Caesar's Legion]] in ''VideoGame/FalloutNewVegas'' believes that the only worth women have is to create more Legionaries. However, in Caesar's case, this is less sexism and more simply raw pragmatism in how he feels women are more useful as breeding chambers rather than fighters.
* In ''Franchise/MassEffect'', the Krogan can reproduce thousands of children very quickly. It becomes a plot point in the entire series regarding the [[SterilityPlague genophage]]. If Shepard cures the Krogan of it, Wrex boasts he'd be surprised how fast the females can churn them out. If Eve is alive, she'll tartly correct Wrex and let Shepard know that the galaxy doesn't have to worry about another Krogan rebellion.
** Referenced in ''VideoGame/MassEffect2''; an asari (a species that can mate with any species to produce children,) is considering whether or not to marry a krogan (who have been hit with said genophage that makes most of them incapable of having children with their own species,) and wonders if her boyfriend sees her as a "baby-making machine", since he seemed briefly surprised when she told him that any children they had would be asari rather than krogan, though he quickly assured her he'd love them anyway. You have the choice to advise her whether or not to trust that he loves her as a person or to break up with him because she doesn't trust him. If you advise her to marry him then ''VideoGame/MassEffect3'' reveals that [[spoiler: he did very much love her for who she was, and she was pregnant with his child at the time of his horrible death]].
* In SwordOfTheStars The Zuul females are non-sentient, aggressive, and usually always pregnant. Whats worse is that since they are Artificially made the race that made them did this on purpose. [[spoiler: The Suul'ka are assholes like that.]]
** The Prestor Zuul try to avert this as much as possible. They can't do anything as of right now to make the female more intelligent but they treat them much better then the regular Zuul.
* Light-heartedly referenced in ''[[VideoGame/HalfLife2 Half-Life 2 Episode One]]'' when Alyx suddenly realizes that Dr. Kleiner, during one of his propaganda broadcasts, is encouraging people to "get busy" in order to repopulate.

[[folder: Others]]
* According to {{Nazisploitation}} films and novels (even some mainstream fiction picked up the UrbanLegend, e.g. ''Bear Island'' by Alistair [=MacLean=]) ThoseWackyNazis would select racially pure German women to be impregnated by virile SS men, in order to create the MasterRace. In actuality while the Nazis did have an organisation that helped care for the offspring of SS members (even illegitimate children) with the goal of increasing the birth rate (which had fallen drastically due to the Great Depression) there was no 'breeding program'.
** They did, however, encourage women to have children by giving them rewards for doing so. The more children they had, the bigger their rewards would be - some were even given medals for doing "great service to their country". While they weren't forced into it, to increase the birthrate, they made it worth the girl's while to get married to an SS soldier and have several children by him.
** German soldiers in occupied territories were discouraged from forming relationships with local women. The exception to this was in countries that were perceived as being more "Aryan," that is to say Norway and Denmark. Here the soldiers were not only encouraged to seek out the company of the local women, there was also built a state-of-the-art hospital in Norway specifically for expecting women where the child had a German father.
* The Christian Identity movement, a group of {{Right Wing Militia Fanatic}}s and white supremacists in the United States, turned down a woman who wanted to learn how to fight in preparation for an allegedly upcoming race war. They laughed and said, "Women are for breeding".
* On a related vein, in UsefulNotes/FascistItaly women were given medals for bearing many children, and soldiers were required to salute pregnant women. Mussolini specifically said motherhood is to women what war is to men, which should give you some idea where he was coming from.
* The concept of 'let's specifically reward women for having kids' is becoming more and more common in those countries where the fertility rate has fallen close to or below the replacement level (2.1 kids per couple). Russia, Australia, Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, France, Italy, Germany and Poland outright 'give' stuff to couples who have children (Singapore increases the amount paid per child- $3,000 for having one kid, $18,000 for having a third). Sweden's very generous parental leaves and stem in part from the concept of, "If we make having kids easier, there will be MORE of them!" Results are mixed, but Russia had population 'growth' in 2009 for the first time in fifteen years.
* This trope is averted by countries who instead of handing out bribe money for having kids aim to reduce the ''disadvantages'' of having children. Women are not treated as BabyFactory but as human beings who might ''want'' children for the sake of it, if that doesn't put them at an economic disadvantage. The most common measures taken are improving access to professional childcare, and extending parental leaves to both parents, but improved access to midwives is also among the options. Ironically, those measures have proven to be more efficient in affecting the birthrates than BabyFactory measures - as could have been expected, as most of the bribe money measures are outright ridiculous when compared to the money a woman could earn by working instead of staying at home with the children.
* ImperialJapan encouraged women to live by the creed of "Umeyo fuyaseyo okunino tameni!" (tr: "Let's have babies and multiply for the good of the Empire!").
* Immigrants are often seen as this by the native population, especially when they receive financial aid based on the number of children they have. It contributes significantly to the distrust they receive.
* Any sort of hive queen(whether a real creature such as [[EverythingsWorseWithBees bees]], or a fantasy creature or race), whose primary (or only) purpose is to [[MookMaker pop out eggs or babies]].
* UsefulNotes/NewZealand's Domestic Purposes Benefit (Sole Parent) is a special type of unemployment benefit given to solo parents with dependent children, with the condition they do not have to actively seek employment until their youngest child turns six. Right-wing politicians claim the benefit has resulted in a generation of welfare-dependent baby factories, popping out a baby every five years to flout the part time work condition.
* The "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quiverfull Quiverfull]]" movement is a sect of Christianity which basically states that couples must produce as many "Soldiers of God" as they possibly can, like [[{{Pun}} filling up a "quiver" with arrows]]. Women who subscribe to this ideology are often ''constantly'' pregnant. The TV show ''Series/NineteenKidsAndCounting'' on Creator/{{TLC}} follows the lives of one of these families, the Duggars.
* Romania under Nicolae Ceaușescu was notorious for this. Abortion was illegal and each woman was expected to bear at least four children. As a result, Romanian orphanages became extremely overcrowded and understaffed.
** Not to mention abortion actually increased as all contraception was also banned. And the long term effects is that it actually caused a net decrease in population as a lot of kids died from lack of care and women died from back alley abortions.