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- In Rurouni Kenshin, after Kenshin defeats Shishio, who has a Social Darwinist ideology that is deliberately meant to recall that of Imperial Japan, Kenshin thinks to himself that hopefully he's prevented such an ideology from ever again arising or leading to problems in Japan.
- The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen: Black Dossier covers this. Thomas Carnacki, medium, ghost hunter and member of the fourth incarnation of the League, has terrible visions of a devastating war in Europe. Intel leads the rest of the group, consisting of Mina Murray, Quatermain, AJ Raffles and Orlando, to confront their French counterparts, Les Hommes Mysterioux (Captain Robur, Arsène Lupin, Monsieur Zenith, The Nyctalope and Fantômas) in a battle at the Paris opera house in hopes of preventing the war. When the battle is over, the League withdraws, hoping that they have defused the situation. Both teams were played against each other by their German counterparts, the Twilight Heroes, a group consisting of various Mad Scientists such as Dr Rotwang and Dr Caligari. They are now free to plan the coming war with impunity.
- The film version of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen involves the mysterious "Phantom" (eventually revealed to be Professor Moriarty) provoking the European nations, so that he can supply super-weapons and super soldiers for a world war. The term "world war" is even mentioned for audience members who weren't paying attention.
- Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows has Moriarty provoking the European powers, so that he can sell the weapons and the bandages that will be needed for a world war. He mentions that, even if his plan to launch the European nations into war is stopped, they'll do it themselves soon enough. He's just trying to hurry it along.
- The Three Musketeers (2011) contains perhaps the earliest version of this trope as far as the period goes. The villains were trying to start a war among the empires of Europe. While the dialogue focuses on the continent, the idea is still the same, not to mention that a war of the European powers at the time would have likely included colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
- Ironically, the original Three Musketeers novel puts their story smack in the middle of the Thirty Years War, a World War Zero if the world ever saw one. Preventing the war itself is never an objective, just making it turn out alright for France. (And given this is the time French took over from Latin as the common language of the European high class, history suggests they succeeded.)
- In The Prince and the Showgirl, an underage Ruritanian king plots with the Germans to oust the pro-Entente prince regent, an action that might spark world war. Fortunately, an American showgirl is there to mend the relationship between the prince regent and his kingly son, thus putting an end to the plot.
- The Seven-Per-Cent Solution. The ultimate aim of the Big Bad is to start a world war. Holmes and Watson stop him, but Holmes notes that they have only delayed the war, not prevented it entirely (and he's proven to be correct when World War I occurs).
- Towards the end of The Black City, Erast Fandorin is hired to investigate the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand before the conflict escalates. Unfortunately, he never makes it to Austria in time.
- Hugh Stanton, the hero of Ben Elton's Time And Time Again travels back to 1914 to prevent the Great War. Initially by trying to save the life of Archduke Ferdinand and, when that fails, by assassinating the Kaiser. He succeeds, but it turns out that the War wasn't the worst thing that could have happened.
- Played with in Amnesia: A Machine for Pigs. The titular machine was built by Mandus, and is revealed to be his attempt to stop future wars from taking place after he had a prophetic vision of the horrors of the World Wars, including his children dying in the trenches. The machine ends up inheriting a piece of Mandus' soul, achieving sentience and carrying out horrific acts of its own in an attempt to fulfil its purpose, and Mandus ultimately decides to sacrifice himself in order to sabotage it, even though it means allowing the Wars to happen in the near future.
- In Titanic: Adventure Out of Time, the protagonist must recover four items from the Titanic before it sinks. Two of the items recovered prevent the Black Hand from getting funds, and thus World War I never happens. Of course, depending on if you recover the other two items, this will impact how well Hitler or the Soviets do twenty years later.