War between social insects, usually ants against other ants. Though it takes place on a much smaller scale than human warfare, the insects will be regimented like human soldiers and use tactics familiar to humans. This familiar association makes political allegory all but inevitable.

Not to be confused with BugWar.

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!!Examples:

[[AC: {{Anime}} and {{Manga}}]]
* In the ''Manga/HelenESP'' chapter "Helen and the Dream", [[spoiler: two warring ant colonies turn out to be who Helen has been advising. This results in a bit more... complex war than normal.]]

[[AC: ComicBook]]
* The indie comic (now webcomic) ''Army Ants'' is this, patterned loosely after GIJoe. The ants, with their allies the beetles, crickets and ladybugs, fight hordes of bees, hornets and wasps, not to mention fighting predators and going on special missions like stealing cinnamon (an insecticide) from a kitchen.

[[AC:{{Film}} - Animated]]
* The DuelingMovies ''WesternAnimation/{{Antz}}'' and ''WesternAnimation/ABugsLife'' both had such wars -- in the former, between ants and termites, in the latter, between ants and marching locusts (who were somewhat inexactly called 'grasshoppers').
* WesternAnimation/TheAntBully has a subplot about a war of the ants with the dragonflies, though by the end they go EnemyMine against the larger threat, the Exterminator and by the end it seems they have struck a permanent peace.

[[AC:{{Literature}}]]
* Creator/TerryPratchett once depicted War (the [[FourHorsemen horseman]]) watching a battle between red and black ants.
* In ''Literature/TheOnceAndFutureKing'', one of the animal transformations Merlyn performs on Wart is to turn him into an ant, and he finds himself in the middle of an ant war.
* BernardWerber's ''Literature/EmpireOfTheAnts'', especially the first book's battle between the ''Formica rufa'' (wood ant) and ''Linepithema humile'' (Argentine ant).
* Creator/GeorgeRRMartin wrote "Sandkings," a short story about a species of warring, antlike creatures sold as pets. It doesn't end well.
* ''Literature/ProfessorMmaasLecture'' makes references to frequent termite-ant wars. [[spoiler:In the end, the war indeed erupts.]]
* Done in ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}'' including one intentionally started war to get attacking ants off an unconscious Rachel. Said ants were ''eating her alive''.
* ''A Rustle in the Grass'' by Robin Hawdon, about an ant colony fighting off an invasion by a more aggressive species of ant, told in a HeroicFantasy style.

[[AC:LiveActionTV]]
* The Discovery channels, mostly Science Channel and Animal Planet, have "Killer Bug Wars" documenting real life insect vs insect wars.

[[AC:Mythology]]
* In a very old example of an UnbuiltTrope, Myth/GreekMythology, the soldiers Achilles commands in the ''Literature/TheIliad'' are called the Myrmidons, or, in Greek, "ant-people." This name came from their origin as ants turned into warriors by Zeus in answer to a king's prayer to repopulate his country after a plague. The word "myrmidon" has come to denote any mindless group of subordinates, and is essentially the source of the allegory on which this trope is based.

[[AC: TabletopGames]]
* The ''Army Ants'' comic has been converted into an RPG, basically GIJoe on a microscopic scale. The ants operate tanks and aircraft and carry guns, but the players are expected to basically use their own backyard as the world setting. A sandbox becomes a desert, a lawn becomes a jungle, and so on. It is possible to play an ant commando escorting workers to steal the Cheetos your players are eating.

[[AC:{{Theatre}}]]
* The third act of ''The Insect Play'' by the brothers Čapek features two nations of ants (explicitly compared to human society) going to war over a path between two blades of grass, each fighting to exterminate the other.

[[AC:VideoGames]]
* ''VideoGame/PaperMarioTheThousandYearDoor'': The Punis aren't exactly insects, but their war with the "rival tribe" of mosquito like Jabbis plays out as this trope.
* Happens (perhaps without the metaphor) in ''VideoGame/SimAnt'', naturally.
* ''Battle Bugs'' is a RealTimeStrategy all about such a war.
* Somewhat in ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 3}}'', with a belligerent colony of ants half the size of motorcycles and a friendly [[note]]in gameplay terms, they don't attack unless provoked[[/note]] colony of ants the size of small dogs. You can help the underdogs win by killing the bus-sized enemy queen and injecting stimulants into the smaller ant's eggs (which helps somehow).
* The RealTimeStrategy game adaptation of ''Literature/EmpireOfTheAnts'' not only features wars with other ant species, but also against bees and wasps.
* ''VideoGame/BuckBumble'' is about a war between technologically advanced bees against a collection of mutated insects organised under a Queen over control of a rural English garden.

[[AC:WesternAnimation]]
* In the ''[[WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes Merrie Melodies]]'' cartoon "The Fighting 69½th", red ants and black ants go to war over picnic food.
* One episode of the ''WesternAnimation/{{Jumanji}}'' animated series featured a war between giant red ants and black ants started by a [[SillyReasonForWar rather stupid reason]].

[[AC: RealLife]]
* Yes, ants really do have wars. But no tactics and strategy!
** Some do take slaves.
** One species has a special suicide bomber caste (the aptly known "exploding ant")
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