anime and here comes a little kid in some interesting, religious-looking robes and...wait, this pre-teen is supposed to be a Catholic priest? But, little kids can't be priests! That isn't typical Catholic priestly attire, either, that robe looks like it's made of 100% pure awesome, and... oh look, he's pulling out guns and shooting up a demon. And there's a nun sidekick casting magic spells. Well, there really is no explanation other than you've just seen a case of Anime Catholicism. If you know anything remotely about Catholicism, or western religions in general, then when this trope shows up, you'll know it. Suddenly every priest will be a badass, the clergy will be completely populated by hot, young men and everything about the structure, hierarchy, history or religious beliefs will obviously be completely wrong to even people who aren't Catholic and are only peripherally aware of what the Catholic Church is about. Japan (and other countries that produce derivative media, such as Korea and China), not having a large population of Christians * , neither especially know nor care about the total accuracy in depiction of the Church or Church-based organizations in their writing. When it shows up, the Church is predominantly there to provide a sense of magic or mystery (the beautiful Catholic architecture is also a plus) to the setting or backdrop of the story, with priests more akin to wizards or mages and the importance of correctness being secondary, and more than likely not even factor into their priorities.
Here are some common elements Anime Catholicism tends to use to "spice up" actual Catholicism:
Artistic License – Religion or more specifically Artistic License – Traditional Christianity
Actual aspects of the religion and their beliefs will probably not be mentioned much and if they are, it will be vaguely, generally, or just incorrectly.
Jesus's crucifixion mostly won't be mentioned, or he might even be replaced with another figure entirely. If for some reason the story needs to mention an actual religious figure, Mary is a good candidate, or Jesus as a baby in the manger.
The religion is extremely Catholic-esque to the point that actual Bible verses may be quoted, but is referred to as 'The Church', and not expressly stated to be Catholic. It may be implied that it is the only church in this world, and there aren't denominations such as the myriad that split from the Church and followed different trends of the Protestant Reformation (the "Mainline Protestant" groups: not to mention the 29,984 that have formed since then and continue to schism at an exponential rate to the present day).
Will feature Japanese tropes, obviously, which might look strange to some people who aren't used to seeing the Church with a distinctly animesque bent. And will definitely seem strange when all the western priests seem to be weirdly familiar with Japanese culture.
Is stated to be Catholicism but has clergy perform rites or other actions or tasks that are characteristic of other religions or non-western cultures, such as a Catholic priest (in a western setting) sitting under a waterfall and meditating as if that's what all priests do.
The members of the clergy are uncharacteristically young, in their early twenties or teens, and there might even be a child pope. Anyone older than thirty will be the minority and definitely won't be the main character, unless they are actually immortal, which is also very common.
Cast Full of Pretty Boys and girls
Everyone is especially good-looking. One or two elderly priests may appear as The Mentor but they aren't as common as in real life.
Women and men are not segregated in their roles. There may be female priests or even a female Pope. This may be justified in cases when it is not readily apparent that the denomination in question is Catholicism — the Anglican Church, for example, ordains female priests and bishops. Female popes may be inspired by certain legends, such as Pope Joan.
Clergy have romantic relationships with each other and no one seems to notice or care that it's against their vows. Actually chastity and modesty might not necessarily seem to be a requirement at all, considering the actions of the characters. Again, this may be justified for priests if there is no vow of celibacy in that world, since Catholic priests were not always sworn to celibacy, and to this day Orthodox and Anglican priests are permitted to be married. It is never, however, justified for nuns, because a major point of consecrating a nun is celibacy. Compare Nuns Are Mikos, since Mikos, the closest Japanese equivalent, do not have a vow of celibacy.
The whole series may be a comedy, with a large percentage of the clergy portrayed as incompetent, ditzy or air-headed, especially if they are in-training junior nuns or priests. Even if the story is a drama, there will usually be a handful of idiot acolytes who act as Plucky Comic Relief. This is very uncharacteristic in the west.
The Church is portrayed as having some kind of mission or authority other than just religious, as in they are a task-force, or protectors against supernatural forces, or just the ultimate authority in the world, more like an empire.
Priests or nuns are seen traveling a lot from place to place, usually on missions, but sometimes for no apparent reason.
Very often, priests and/or nuns are endowed with some kind of magical powers.
Priests are seen wearing armor or extremely unlikely wardrobes. For example, even more elaborate than an actual priest would wear, in a cute, stylish or sexy cut that is completely at odds with the strict oaths of modesty that clergy (especially nuns) have, or just reminiscent of a different culture, for instance a kimono or Buddhist monk's robes.
And if characters typically whip out swords, guns, magic or staffs or other weapons, then it's probably a done deal. Same if they all seem to know Kung Fu.Basically the bottom line is that the Rule of Cool, Rule of Sexy or any of the other "Rules" often trump accuracy in how the church is depicted. Keep in mind most of this is also applicable to Crystal Dragon Jesus versions in Fantasy Anime and Manga. This Trope has nothing directly to do with Kirisuto-kyō sects but may intersect it. Compare Christianity Is Catholic, Crystal Dragon Jesus and Nuns Are Mikos. Also compare Fantastic Catholicism, which is the western version of this trope. See also Japanese Christian.
Examples:Anime and Manga
- Blue Exorcist lives and breathes this trope. It is a Shounen supernatural/Religious Horror, series with Exorcists after all. It does avert "Catholicism" being the only religion mentioned by having The Lancer and a couple of his friends be Buddhist monks.
- Chrono Crusade features the Order of Saint Magdalene, a demon-fighting church organization full of gun-toting, spell-casting teenage nuns.
- D.Gray-Man features the Black Order, which is technically under the control of the church and not the actually part of it. It manages to ticks off half the list, including the crazy wardrobes, unrealistically young and good looking priests, priests having magic, acting as a task force, and women sharing the same roles as men. The actual church proper is only ever mentioned very vaguely and in passing, and various aspects of Catholicism are more or less just tossed around at random. The crazy wardrobes are justified in-story as being deliberately outlandish to provoke Akuma (who can hide as humans) into attacking first.
- Exorcists are not actual priests, but people capable of using Innocence, which are weapons left over from a long-destroyed civilization that fought against the series' Big Bad, the Millennium Earl. Due to the fact that the Exorcists are hopelessly outnumbered, the disregard for gender roles and age is a matter of practicality and sensibility, not just avoiding accuracy for aesthetic purposes. The only actual priests seen so far in the series are rather accurate portrayals of actual Catholic Priests in terms of appearance, age, clothing, and rank.
- Hellsing: Pretty mild as these things go for the most part, but we do have Yumie and Heinkel, Yumie being a nun who has a split personality, one of which is a demon and wields a katana to slice up heathens, and Heinkel is female but is referred to as a priest (at least in the Crossfire continuity; Heinkel looks more androgynous when she/he shows up in the main continuity). The church has an entire organization, Iscariot Division XIII, which solely hunts vampires and whatever unbelievers or heathens they come across.
- Actually, Heinkel is intersex (having some characteristics of both sexes), so being referred to as a "priest" is feasible, maybe, although there are no current doctrinal guidelines for such a situation. It's also feasible that Iscariot is a bit more lenient due to their...unique purpose and position in the Church. After all, they are led by Holy Hitman Alexander Anderson, who has raised most of Iscariot's ranks and is the world's strongest regenerator and combatant after Hellsing's pet vampire, Alucard.
- Despite this being an anime, categorizing Hellsing in here is very, very questionable. It subverts almost every characteristic, and is far more qualified to be in the Fantastic Catholicism instead.
- The Church is also seen to have a number of other militant factions that can be mobilized in brief notice to invade a sovereign nation with no interference from the international community. Amusingly, Hellsing is apparently pretty popular manga in Italy, since it's frankly awesome and hilarious to see your church depicted in such badass crazy light.
- And yet Hellsing of all things has an interesting subversion, in that the Protestant Reformation is not only actually acknowledged as happening, but the main characters are all working for the Anglican Church instead of the Roman Catholic Church, with a lot of the historical tension between English Protestants and Irish Catholics actually coming through. Might be a case of Accidentally Accurate, but it's still an interesting take compared to most of the others on this list.
- Justin from Soul Eater has all the trappings of a Catholic priest, but is casual, young, and ironically a demon weapon, able to transform fully or partially into a guillotine.
- Soul Cartel: The story of Faust and the functionality of heaven and hell are rewritten entirely. For one thing, there's reincarnation, and the Angels that keep demons from escaping from hell are known as Azraels. Yes, that was plural. It's established that people die and go to the underworld as souls, and work towards being reborn. Inside the underworld there are a large number of devils, and Mephisto from Faust was one who wanted to tempt the eponymous character with his contracts and Faust himself claiming that he would be able to resist. It was a contest between man and demon, with God as the judge. And Mephistopholies is a borderline Super-Deformed child with long red hair. The actual story follows a young Korean boy who's caught in Mephisto's rematch with the now-reincarnated Faust, as Mephisto takes a liking to him, claiming that he will be his next target and asking him to act as the judge of this contest, because he claims that God unfairly intervened and ruined his chances when he was about to win.
- Also, later in its revealed that part of the reincarnation process includes the option for human souls to train to become Azrael-class angels themselves. The nine rings of hell are actually the nine levels of the under world, with the bottom serving as the origin of all evil in the universe and Satan's personal home. The Angels also have what are essentially boarder patrols and immigration offices that make sure that demons and spirits don't cross into the different levels without permission.
- A Certain Magical Index: Catholicism In Name Only.
- In season 2, nuns fight, wearing miniskirts.
- The series barely portrays religion correctly if at all. For starters, 'Magic' is synonomous with 'Religion', as almost all magic users are either part of, or were once part of, fantasy versions of real-life religions. Then we have characters like Stiyl Magnus, a 15 year old chain-smoking priest, or Kanzaki Kaori, a Kung-Fu Jesus version of a saint.
- Trinity Blood has a female cardinal, a child pope, impossible robes, vampire hunters, magic users, and most of the cast seems to be under the age of thirty, with about a fifth of them under the age of twenty.
- 07-Ghost is a Crystal Dragon Jesus version which is almost indistinguishable from Catholicism except that in addition to God they worship 7 'ghost/angel' things. Not only is every ridiculously young and good looking, and wear over-elaborate vestments, they do magic, wield weapons, act quite immorally and are involved in a huge conspiracy.
- The author of Vassalord essentially took all her favourite B movie elements and lumped them together, resulting in a series about a Catholic gay cyborg vampire who hunts other vampires for the church.
- Panty & Stocking with Garterbelt, Garterbelt is supposed to be a priest, however that doesn't stop him from being involved on S&M activities, being foulmouthed, using firearms, and showing some Rage Against the Heavens from time to time, also, He acts more as a commander officer for P&S, giving them their orders to neutralize the ghost.
- As for Panty And Stocking themselves... well, let's just say they are less than virtuous in their duties as Angels.
- It may be debatable if Garterbelt's behavior is a good example of this trope since some catholic priests (and even popes) have done stuff like that, and even worse, in Real Life. (Except giving orders to angels, of course.)
- Kaitou Saint Tail is a Catholic schoolgirl, her base of operations is a Catholic church, her informant Seira is an "apprentice nun", and all the victims that she helps are also Catholic. Given that they're in a predominantly Shinto country, it's odd that no one seems to notice. Her informant is also blatantly breaking the rules of confidentiality regarding the confessional, which is something real clergy could get a lot of trouble for. And nuns have no access to confessional secrets, only male priests do and they can't even share them amongst themselves (the anime solved this by having troubled people confiding in Seira trying to have some comfort).
- Though in a late volume of the manga the author does at least admit she found out too late that only nuns who have taken their vows may wear a habit.
- Ghost Hunt includes a teenage Catholic priest who helps banish actual ghosts.
- Averted, somewhat, when Monk specifically states in Vol. 10 that John must be disobeying the Church, as there is no way such a young priest would be allowed to roam Japan, exorcising whatever he pleases. It's implied that John must have a personal, secret reason for facing ex-communication.
- Sailor Moon has something of a subtle example in the episode of the anime where Diana turns up. While the nun everyone believes Artemis is "having an affair with" recites a standard Catholic prayer and seems to be saying things that a real Catholic nun would say, no one bats an eyelash at the idea that a nun would break her vows of chastity to have an affair with anyone—let alone a talking cat. (Though this is more an error on the characters' parts - the nun herself brings up the vows while protesting Tigers' Eye's advances).
- The Maxwell Church in Mobile Suit Gundam Wing Episode Zero, where Duo lived for a period of time (after his Street Urchin gang got caught stealing food.) The other kids were all adopted out, but Duo kept being brought back because the would-be parents couldn't handle him. Fr. Maxwell and Sr. Helen acted as parents for Duo seems more like a Miko than a Catholic nun.)Apart from the Nuns Are Mikos aspect, though, it seemed fairly realistic.
- Neon Genesis Evangelion, in addition to the faux-Christian title, throws elements of Catholicism at the screen more or less completely at random, often getting the context hilariously wrong. The most egregious examples probably lie in the names of the obligatory giant mech suit analogues, but honorable mention should go to "the spear of Longinus" assembling voltron-style with the main character's mech to form a giant cross-shaped kamikaze superweapon thing, which makes about as much sense in terms of Catholicism as it does in context of the story (so... none whatsoever).
- Averted in Samurai Champloo. Set during the Edo period, the show accurately portrays the view of the Japanese on Christianity as complete heresy. A Christian village is hidden from the outside world to avoid persecution, and the Sunflower Samurai ,Fuu's dad, left his family to protect them from persecution as well. In another episode, a European warns Fuu to never show her skull pendant to strangers, as the cross symbol inside would give her away.
- In Horizon in the Middle of Nowhere one of the factions claims to be the Catholic Church complete with a leader they call the "President Pope".
- Downplayed in Magical × Miracle, but still present. The priests are technically too young to be priests, but only by a few years. The outfits are also wrong, at least for Glenn, but the Archbishop's robes seem to be accurate. As for holy magic and fighting evil... Francis seems to know martial arts, and Glenn knows some basic protection magic, but that probably has more to do with Glenn and Francis being Glenn and Francis than Glenn and Francis being priests. Other than that, the series is actually fairly accurate in depicting Catholicism, excepting, of course, the Jesus Taboo.
- Played with in Black Lagoon: The Ripoff Church is heavily Catholicism-flavoured, but its changes in 'doctrine', what with the gun smuggling, drug smuggling, people smuggling, cursing, drinking and nuns with heavy weapons, are so extreme there's very little chance the author intended it to be a stand-in for any real-life religion. Especially since the La Baile de la Muerte arc all but states outright it's a CIA listening post intended to keep watch on Roanapur.
- The Ormus Church of Xenosaga is essentially the Catholic Chruch IN SPACE!. It is headed by an individual known as the Pope (Bowdlerised into the "Patriarch" in the English edition), is comprised of cardinals, and its military wing is called the "Inquisition". Even the two Popes/Patriarchs seen in the series have Catholic papal names implying a continuity with the historical line of popes: Julius XIV and Sergius XVII.
- In Sengoku Basara, Xavism, the resident stand-in for Catholicism (specifically Jesuits) is essentially a Parody Religion and treated as a wacky cult created by a foreign missionary to make himself rich and to spread his weird philosophy through military force. Whenever they manage to convert others, it's generally played for laughs. However, given the care and detail the series gives to history in general (i.e. none), it ends up fitting right in.
- In Nasu Verse, the Roman Catholic Church wields powerful magecraft on par with the Mage's Association... though it's really only effective if you believe in the faith. Not only that, there are some members of the church who engage in rather questionable behavior, like an Executor having a fetish for anal sex or a priest who attempts to summon all the evils in the world for his own amusement. There's also apparently no rule against priests marrying or having children.
- To be fair, both examples cited follow the Eighth Sacrament, which permits those so consecrated to stray away from the rules of their religion as long as one thing, the name of the Almighty, is protected. Everyone else follows the regular laws.
- Then we have the Tohsaka family: they are known to be Catholic since the first missionaries arrived to Japan and have stayed so during the Tokugawa persecutions, but the only hint they are Catholics is the trust they have in the aforementioned Executor and his father (also priest and retired Executor) and Rin wearing a cross in her usual outfit.
- In Hatoful Boyfriend, Higure Anghel is Catholic and can send the player character a crucifix at Christmas. He believes he's the reincarnation of a Fallen Angel, still fighting evil despite his sin. At one point he goes to some kind of non-Catholic shrine and freaks out either because he can't choose what charm to buy, or because he believes some sold-out arrow charms are holy weapons he needs to claim. Reincarnation isn't a thing in Catholisism, but it is actually part of this universe's afterlife.