[[quoteright:230:[[WebComic/BugMartini http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/2012_10_02_punch_drunk_love.png]]]]

->'''Ino:''' Oh god, Naruto's really hurting him in there!\\
'''Sasuke:''' No. He's not. He's having sex with me.
-->-- ''WebVideo/NarutoTheAbridgedComedyFandubSpoofSeriesShow''

Failing to see the difference between playfulness (or similar) and abuse can be annoying at best and disastrous at worst.

This can take two forms:

* It looks like abuse, but has an innocent cause.
* A sign of abuse only appears to have an innocent cause.

In both cases, someone is likely to suffer.

If PlayedForLaughs, the situation is almost always innocent, and quickly corrected. When PlayedForDrama, however, a real victim might be denied help, a innocent person might get his life ruined with unfair accusations of abuse by a WifeBasherBasher, or the designated "victim" gets stalked or outright oppressed by [[UnwantedRescue unwanted "rescuers"]]. These helpers might even go to great lengths [[ManufacturingVictims trying to force her to "realize" that she's a victim of abuse]]. And no, not the actual abuse that ''they'' are subjecting her to.

This is not a matter to take lightly -- but it's worth noting that such mistakes are possible in real life. For instance, people with very pale skin can, and often do, get random bruises from going about their daily business and not even notice it.

See also HelpMistakenForAttack, FriendlyWar, CasualKink, and SafeSaneAndConsensual for non-abusive stuff that can be mistaken for abuse. Compare YouJustRuinedTheShot, for cases where the "victim" was an actor in a movie rather than a participant in a sexual game. Contrast RomanticizedAbuse (with the subtropes BastardBoyfriend and BastardGirlfriend) as well as DoubleStandardAbuseFemaleOnMale for situations that are clearly abusive but the audience isn't really intended to care. Also compare NotWhatItLooksLike and AccidentalPervert.

'''Warning!''' Expect unmarked spoilers, since this trope is about situations being revealed to [[NotWhatItLooksLike be different than what they looked like]].



!!Innocent mistaken for abuse

* There was a cleaning ad that played with this trope. A woman is grocery shopping with her arm in a sling. She gives sympathetic shoppers a whole bunch of different stories about how it happened, leading the audience to mistake her injury for domestic abuse. At the end of the commercial, it's revealed she hurt her shoulder [[CutHimselfShaving trying to scrub soap scum out of the bathtub]]. The product being sold solves her problem.

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* Abiru of ''Manga/SayonaraZetsubouSensei'' has her injuries mistaken for the result of domestic abuse. She actually gets them after tugging on the tails of animals she cares for at the zoo. This leads to a scene where several people follow her (completely innocent) father around and interpret everything he does as an indicator that he's abusive to her.
* ''Manga/LoveHina''. The girls of the house will think that Keitaro, being [[AccidentalPervert extremely unlucky and clumsy]], is trying to molest/abuse them, and respond with [[UnprovokedPervertPayback vicious revenge]].
* At one point in ''Manga/SchoolRumble'', Mikoto and Eri are chatting and then Harima shows up. Eri runs, as she wants to avoid Harima which leads to the very athletic Mikoto to chase after Eri, getting her outfit slightly torn in the process (while leaping over fences, tripping, etc). When she meats up with her childhood friend Hanai, she brushes it off as nothing. Harima shows up to Hanai to return Mikoto's bag she left behind when she and Eri ran off. Naturally, Hanai thinks Harima hurt Mikoto and gets angry with her.
* A scene in an early episode of ''Anime/DigimonFrontier'' has what sounds like the youngest of the main cast being beaten by the [[MonsterOfTheWeek enemy Digimon of the week]]. When the rest of the team breaks into the room he appears to be held captive in, it turns out they're simply playing a fighting game.
* In ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf''
** Nabiki tries to explain to [[LordErrorProne Kuno]] that in regards to the cute girl he's in love with (Ranma's girl self) and his school rival (Ranma's boy self), "Her body? Her soul? Both belong to Ranma." Kuno promptly comes to the conclusion that female Ranma is being held prisoner by a brutish, abusive male Ranma. Its implied by Nabiki's tone, expression, and [[TheTrickster personality]] that she gave a poor explanation on purpose to make the situation worse.
** Another story has Ryoga catching Ranma and Akane in a compromising position. Because Ranma needs Ryoga to be in a massive rage, he gets Ryoga even more worked up by pretending that he forced himself onto Akane.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In one episode of ''Girls'' (a James Bond parody about a reluctant MartyStu named Lester Girls), our hero rescues a man from getting tortured by a beautiful woman. However, the "victim" gets mad at him for ruining the scene. What first [[WrongGenreSavvy looked like]] the BastardGirlfriend kind of FanService turned out to be simple [[SafeSaneAndConsensual consensual]] CasualKink.
* A stock plot in ComicBook/DisneyDucksComicUniverse comics: Donald gets a new job of responsibility, and starts to see abuse and attempted crimes everywhere he looks. Chaos ensues.
* In ''Franchise/{{Batman}}'', social workers at school will occasionally notice Robin's various injuries and bruises, and with the truth locked down tight, who can blame them for thinking abuse? Bringing your adopted kid along to fight dangerous criminals is not something social workers would be happy about either.
* During ''ComicBook/TheLeagueOfExtraordinaryGentlemen Century: 1969'', Mina tries to get information out of Julia Gallion, wife of Oliver Haddo's current incarnation, by having sex with her. Apparently it was really loud and kinky sex, because afterwards, Mina's comrades ask about all the noise. In a variation, Mina lets them ''think'' it was some rough interrogation.
-->'''Allan:''' We heard that other girl screaming. D-did you torture her for information?\\
'''Mina:''' Oh.. yes. Yes, I can be quite ruthless when I have to be.
* In ''[[Comicbook/RobinSeries Robin]]'' when Timís friend Ives is working as the mascot at a SuckECheeses he comes to school so bruised that Tim suspects he is being abused.

[[folder:Comic Strips]]
* In one story arc in ''ComicStrip/ForBetterOrForWorse'' Connie has plastic surgery to remove the bags on her eyes, which causes her eyes to be all bruised. When she walks through a store, one man sees her bruises and says, "Excuse me Miss? I know it's none of my business, but I hope the guy who did that to you goes to jail." Connie implies to Elly in the same strip that this is also the reason why her husband Greg isn't willing to be seen in public with her until the bruises heal up because of the possibility of him being mistaken for abusing her.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* ''Fanfic/HarryPotterAndTheMethodsOfRationality'': Harry is extremely upset when [=McGonagall=] automatically falls into the cliche that evil adoptive parents are, well, evil. Harry is HappilyAdopted, and to both of their credit, they resolve the misunderstanding quickly and relatively reasonably. Though [=McGonagall=] says at the time her evidence is equivocal; Harry usually behaves like a well-adjusted boy, but sometimes behaves as if he were being abused. It's unclear whether Harry's irrational personality or [[spoiler: his presumed partial possession by Voldemort]] is to blame.
* A ''Sentinel'' fanfiction called "Intervention" has two of Blair's students kidnap him and try to get him to admit on tape that Jim has been abusing him. Blair's many injuries--all of which have perfectly innocent if rather bizarre explanations--had led them to think that this was happening.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' fanfic ''Fanfic/SolitaryPinion'', Dr. Remedial Oath has a teenage patient with fresh tissue over much of her body, signs of large numbers of broken and healed bones, no cutie mark, difficulties with walking and speaking and fear of unicorn magic. He interprets this to be the result of years of abuse at the hooves of a unicorn. The reality, which he has yet to discover, is that she's a human teenager [[BalefulPolymorph recently transformed into a Pegasus]], who hasn't managed to adjust to her equine body yet. The [[DamnYouMuscleMemory poor muscle control]] continuously caused her to fall down, to the point that she toppled, overcompensated, and tumbled into a lake, nearly drowning because of her difficulties moving her limbs. Everyone believes it might have been a [[DrivenToSuicide suicide attempt]] because of the [[DespairEventHorizon despair]] born of the horrible abuse she suffered through, and mistake gratitude towards her saviors as bonding with the first ponies to ever show her kindness -- [[MetaphoricallyTrue technically true]], but certainly not to that extent.
* In the ''Manga/CardCaptorSakura'' ContinuationFic ''FanFic/ShadowOfTheDragon'', Sakura gets her face slammed into a locker door by the [[{{Poltergeist}} vengeful spirit]] of Reiko Ichimai, who blames Sakura for her death, leaving a bruise on her forehead. Since ghosts are InvisibleToNormals and Syaoran was the only other person present at the time, Teikei, the school disciplinarian, initially assumes that Syaoran attacked her until [[CameraFiend Tomoyo]] provides proof that he is innocent.
* In ''Fanfic/ForHisOwnSake'', Naru sees a stranger teasing a woman he's walking with. Assuming the worst, she attacks. Turns out the guy was trying to convince his ''wife'' to play a fighting game at the arcade with him, and teasing her about how she wasn't good at them.
** The same story also {{Deconstruct}}s ''Manga/LoveHina'''s reliance on both types. Its title references how Keitaro has wisened up and is leaving the Hinata Inn after living there for three years in order to get away from its toxic environment, and explores what happens when the more violent girls' behavior is [[RealityEnsues taken seriously]].
* In ''Fanfic/{{Shatterheart}}'', Kurogane and [[spoiler: R!]]Syaoran share a passionate kiss when [[InterruptedIntimacy Fai walks in on them.]] Since Fai doesn't [[LockedOutOfTheLoop know]] that Kurogane and Syaoran are together and Syaoran is actually [[OlderThanTheyLook 21]] despite looking 16, he comes to the not-unreasonable-given-the-circumstances conclusion that Kurogane is sexually abusing him.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/MiraculousLadybug'' fic ''[[http://archiveofourown.org/works/6818170/chapters/15563827 battle wounds]]'', Adrien is horrified when he sees scars on Marinette's legs and she stubbornly refuses to tell him what caused them. They're actually from her fights as a costumed superhero.
** ''[[http://archiveofourown.org/works/13603578/chapters/31229820 Bruises]]'' has a similar dynamic. Alya notices that Marinette claims to have a new boyfriend, about whom she refuses to provide ''any'' details, and that she all of a sudden is covered in bruises that [[CutHimselfShaving she claims are the result of her own klutziness]], and draws the obvious conclusion. The bruising is actually from her fights as a superhero, and the reason she refuses to provide any details on her boyfriend is that he's her superhero partner, and revealing that fact would give away Marinette's secret identity.
* In ''[[http://archiveofourown.org/works/6607459/chapters/15117019 Birds of a Feather]]'', Laurel has come up with various lies [[CutHimselfShaving to explain the injuries she got as a vigilante]]. Oliver quickly recognizes them as lies and concludes "someone's hurting her". Technically he's ''right'', [[RightForTheWrongReasons but not in the way he thinks]].
* Not exactly innocent, but is [[https://www.fanfiction.net/s/3148571/1/Ultimate-Danny-Phantom Ultimate Danny Phantom]], Valerie's dad discovers her and Danny's secret identities this way; he sees her injuries after one of their battles, takes her explanation how she got them out of context and assumes that Danny is Valerie's BastardBoyfriend; she [[EveryoneHasStandards doesn't have it in her]] to falsely accuse him.
* Izuku initially mistakes Inko's refusal to talk about his father and trauma in ''FanFic/ConversationsWithACryptid'' as signs of past domestic abuse until she clarifies that he never physically harmed her.
* ''Fanfic/MrAndMrsGold'': Given Rumpelstiltskinís/Mr. Goldís [[TheDreaded intimidating reputation]], many believe that Belle/Rose is a victim of abuse, with Jefferson (already off of the deep end) trying to keep her in his house under the assumption that Mr. Gold is keeping her against her will.
* In ''WebVideo/DragonBallZAbridged'', [[IdiotHero Goku]] accidentally implies that he's a wife beater when he mentions how he beat her at the martial arts tournament. It should be noted that Chi-Chi is largely the one that drives their roles in their marriage, not Goku.
-->'''Goku:''' It really wasn't much of a fight... One hit, and she just went down. Then we got married, I put a baby in her, and now she just stays at home, cooks my dinner, and raises our kid!\\
'''Chi-Chi:''' Y'know, [[LampshadeHanging when he puts it that way...]]

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* At one point in ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory2'', Woody's friends believe he is being tortured when he is only being tickled.
* ''Disney/OliverAndCompany'': When Dodger and the other plan to steal Oliver back from Jenny's house, they see Winston brandishing a rolling pin, thinking he's going to harm Oliver. It turns out he's watching a boxing match on TV.
* In ''WesternAnimation/WallE'', EVE is taken away for repairs and maintenance. WALL-E sees the process through frosted glass, and from his perspective, it looks like she's being torn apart painfully... even though the process is actually quite pleasant for her.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* In ''Film/TheSMJudge'', the public prosecutor mistakes the couple's BDSM practice for abuse. It's never made clear if he believed his own accusations, or if he merely used her bruises as an excuse to attack the judge.
* In ''Film/TuckerAndDaleVsEvil'', the college kids [[spoiler:and the police]] take for granted that Dale is doing terrible things to Allison. It doesn't help that the students overhear part of a conversation where he boasts of having "beat the crap out of" her, not knowing he's actually referring to winning a trivia game.
* In ''Film/GIJane'', Jordan and her crew are out celebrating at a bar when she goes to use the restroom. As she washes her hands, another female customer pauses as she passes by and, spotting Jordan's badly bruised face, remarks "Ain't really none of my business, but I say 'leave the bastard'," before exiting, which causes Jordan to laugh. (The abuse really happened, but it was part of her special forces training.)
* ''Film/GodBlessAmerica'': In several scenes, the audience is led to believe that someone is about to accuse Frank of mistreating Roxy. Disturbingly, nobody ever gets this idea, not even when this little girl is covered in blood and alone in a car at night with an old man who shares no family resemblance with her. When someone finally gets the idea that the girl might be abused, it's a creep who asks because he wants to join in.
* ''Film/{{Titanic 1997}}'': When Rose tries to commit suicide, [[TalkingDownTheSuicidal Jack talks her out of it]]. However... then she slips, nearly falling to her death. He manages to save her, but as he does so she's screaming for help. After he manages to drag her up to safety, some crewmen arrive and assume that he has assaulted her. Made worse by the fact that later in the film, we see evidence that Rose's fiance really ''does'' physically abuse her... and virtually no one knows it. [[ValuesDissonance It's likely that at the time]] nothing would be done even if they did.
* In ''Film/NationalTreasure'', when Ben, Riley and Abigail seek to evade Ian's hired goons, Abigail hides behind the meat counter at an open-air marketplace. The clerk at the counter initially tells her she can't stay, until Abigail, pointing out the large muscular {{Mook}} pursuing her, tells her she's hiding from her ex-husband. The clerk answers, "Honey, stay as long as you like," and then rudely shoos off the mook.
* Played for laughs in ''Film/TheManWhoKnewTooLittle''. Wallace is warned of an impending visit from TortureTechnician Dr. Ludmilla Kropotkin. He escapes before her arrival, then stumbles upon an elderly couple experimenting with BDSM on their anniversary--so he concludes that the dominatrix must be Dr. Kropotkin. So Wallace takes her hostage to escape from the bad guys (including the ''real'' Dr. Kropotkin).
* Near the end of ''Film/SweetSmellOfSuccess'', Falco stops Susan from [[DrivenToSuicide completing her suicide attempt]], but J.J. walks in just as he's reassuring her on the bed. J.J. assumes that Falco tried to assault her (which she initially does nothing to dissuade), leading to Hunsecker inflicting a bit of a NoHoldsBarredBeatdown.

* In a Lena's segment of the ''Literature/TheJoyLuckClub''. Raised by an overprotective mother, Lena hears noises from their neighbors' walls and believes that abuse is going on. Fortunately, she's relieved to learn that they are only playing and later hears that these are clearly laughs of joy and love beyond the wall.
* In ''Literature/ICaptureTheCastle'', the Cassandra's father was sent to jail for 3 months for mock-threatening his wife with a cake knife, breaking his spirit and will to write anything past his first book.
* In ''Literature/ProtectorOfTheSmall'', Keladry goes to the public baths one day to enjoy soaking in the warm water. Concerned women rush over to assure her that whoever he is, even if he's a noble, he'll be caught and tried and made to pay. Keladry is a squire, and her day-to-day injuries from combat training are apparently rather alarming out of context.
* In one of the Temple Barr novels, Temple (a female public relations agent and private eye) had gotten beat up, and lots of people assumed it was abuse (it was crooks who didn't like her nosing around). Unfortunately she was then targeted by a serial killer who targeted abuse victims...
* Seven-year-old Brandon Stark accidentally stumbles across a man and a woman making love in ''Literature/AGameOfThrones'', and because of the noises the woman is making he thinks the man is hurting her. Unfortunately, he [[WouldHurtAChild never gets much chance to correct his error]]. Ironic, in that in almost all cases, one would be correct to assume abuse in that setting [[spoiler: (especially as [[BrotherSisterIncest they are siblings]])]].
* ''Literature/TheMeaningOfLiff'' defines "sluggan" as a bruise you got from walking into a door, but which everyone avoids commenting on because it's obvious you had a fight with your spouse.
* A rather strange example in ''Literature/{{Warbreaker}}''. About halfway through the book, Vivenna finds out that her companion Jewels is a Drab, someone who has had part of their soul removed to feed one of the local gods. Vivenna tries to express sympathy for Jewels only to have Jewels make it clear that: She gave up her soul voluntarily, she still is proud of having done so She worships the god in question, the money she received as compensation kept her family from starvation after her father broke his back, her father subsequently made a full recovery, and his business is still doing well. She believes this to have been divine favor for her sacrifice.
* Used hilariously in Creator/DanSavage's book ''The Comittment'', which chronicles his getting legally married to his husband Terry. During a family vacation with their then-four-year-old son DJ, they stopped at a hotel in [[FlyoverCountry Billings, Montana]], a state not known for being the most queer-friendly. The long travel left poor DJ with a nasty case of "diaper rash" despite being 2 years out of diapers. So, he suddenly started screaming "MY BUTTHOLE HURTS DADDY!! IT HURTS IT HURTS!" He continues to scream as the two men take care of...that, all the while Dan and Terry are worried that the neighbors would overhear it and [[PedoHunt send a SWAT team]] after [[AllGaysArePedophiles them]]. Once DJ was properly bathed and calmed down, Dan was relieved that the police weren't called...then thought about it and was vaguely disturbed that nobody did anything ''at all'' despite the fact that a child could have been getting raped for all they knew.
* Multiple times in the ''Literature/MercyThompson'', Mercy is recovering from the latest round of injuries she's received from fighting a supernatural threat and gets told a variation of "whoever that boy is, you should dump him" by random strangers.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{House}}'' has several of these.
** In one episode a patient gets attacked by a woman, who tries to murder him by strangulation. Or rather, that's what the audience and the doctors believe at first. It turns out that it was just erotic asphyxiation. Safe or not is debatable, but at least it was consensual.
** In another episode, a man tries to "rape" a woman before collapsing from an ailment, but everyone except the audience knows that it's just a game between a husband and wife. [[spoiler:Inverted at the end when it turns out that the wife wanted to murder her husband by poisoning him; the team never finds out why, though.]]
** Another episode had an infant who was extremely underweight due to a medical condition. The HippieParents, who fed the baby a vegan diet, were thought to be at fault and child protective services was contacted before they revealed that they consulted an actual nutritionist and House correctly diagnosed the child.
* ''Series/CallTheMidwife'' has an episode where a baby keeps getting broken bones all the time, and a doctor suspects that the baby is being abused. However, in the end, it is realized and revealed that the baby is not being abused; rather, he has a medical condition known as osteogenesis imperfecta, causing his bones to be brittle and fragile.
* ''Series/LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'':
** In one episode, a cop has a bad reputation as several other cops "know" that he used to beat his girlfriend. He even got arrested once. However, it turns out that he had nothing to do with her injuries. It wasn't even a [[CasualKink consensual game]], she was [[SelfHarm cutting herself because of a deep depression]].
** Another episode opens up with cops bursting into an apartment where a "rape" is occurring. However, it's revealed to just be actors and a cameraman making a film. It turns out they'd gotten a call to the building in question but the dispatcher had told them apartment B instead of D. An actual rape was occurring in another apartment.
* PlayedForLaughs in one episode of the UK SitCom ''Carrie and Barry'', Carrie walks into an open kitchen cupboard door and gives herself a black eye. When Michelle, her friend, visits she asks Barry, Carrie's husband, about her black eye and he tells her about the cupboard door and about how clumsy Carrie is. Michelle comments that "there are a lot of cupboard doors out there" and makes another insinuating comment about Carrie's clumsiness. It takes Barry a few of these to realise what she's getting at.
* ''Series/{{Jam}}'' plays this for BlackComedy in a sketch wherein a wife is upset about her husband's apparent affair and he's making stereotypical excuses, i.e. it was purely physical, the other woman didn't mean anything to him, it was an isolated incident. His wife is finally reassured of his fidelity after he reveals that he and the other woman weren't having an affair; he was just raping her.
* In ''Series/HowIMetYourMother''
** This is used as something of an EstablishingCharacterMoment in the pilot episode. Marshall accidentally hits Lily in the eye with a champagne cork while celebrating their engagement. When they get in a cab afterwards, with Marshall still apologizing profusely, the cab driver indignantly says "Wait, did you ''hit'' her?" Marshall and Lily both stare at him blankly for a minute, then erupt into hysterical laughter at the very idea. Lily even goes into how she can't get [[GentleGiant Marshall]] to spank her, before realizing she is talking to a complete stranger.
** In the Episode ''The Goat'', Barney sleeps with Robin, Ted's ex, which is against the rules of "The Bro Code", so he hires Marshall as a lawyer to find a loophole in the book to stop him feeling guilty, though Barney mentions he needs Marshall because he slept with Robin before he mentions the Bro Code, leading to this exchange:
--> '''Marshall''': Why are you doing this to me?\\
'''Barney''': Because I need you, Marshall, as my lawyer to prove I didn't do anything wrong.\\
'''Marshall''': How can I help you as your lawyer? (Beat) You didn't break any laws, did you? Robin knows that you slept with her, doesn't she?
* In an episode of ''Series/{{Frasier}}''. When Martin reflects on raising his sons, he mentions that they were so bad at riding bikes they would be covered with bruises. He eventually gave up teaching them how to ride bikes, thinking that his sons' doctor was suspecting him of child abuse.
* In the episode "Driven" of ''Series/{{NCIS}}'', Team Gibbs brings in a suspect for questioning after watching security footage of him sexually assaulting the victim shortly before her death. As it turns out, they were dating, and the "assault" was an entirely consensual expression of CasualKink.
* ''Series/{{ER}}'':
** In one episode, Boulet is treating a pre-teen girl, and notices a number of old injuries that would indicate a history of being abused by her father. It's revealed that her father never abused her; the two of them enjoy attempting to establish world records in physical challenges (most consecutive jumping-jacks, most consecutive hours skipping rope, etc.) and are even pictured in a copy of the Guinness Book of World Records. Boulet ends up joining them in their attempt to break the record for most consecutive hours jumping on a trampoline.
** Another episode had the doctors dealing with a little girl brought in with a transected hymen, who said it had happen when she was playing with her father, and a boy with a worrisome number of old fractures, whose parents said he fell down a lot. By the end of the episode, it's revealed that both situations were perfectly innocent (the girl had been playing a highly athletic game and stretched a bit too far, the boy had osteogenesis imperfecta, leading to fragile bones, compounded by a high energy level and really lousy coordination). Notably, in both cases the ones saying "We should contact CPS about these kids," are treated as sensible and reasonable, and the one who wanted the children taken away right that second is treated as a hysteric. The CPS workers are also treated sympathetically.
** A different episode featured a kid with several old fractures, and a fresh fracture, coming into the ER. The immediate idea is that the father, who got divorced from his wife a while ago and is working long hours, is abusing and beating the son. It's later revealed that the injuries ''are'' deliberate - the kid injures himself so that dad can take a day or two off from work and spend the whole day with him, eating ice cream and other junk food while watching TV.
* An episode of ''Series/StrongMedicine'' had a doctor noticing odd bruises on her patient, who happened to be the wife of the Chief of Staff. That, coupled with her odd reaction and vague responses, had her convinced there was domestic abuse going on, and when the woman was rushed to the hospital a few days later after "falling down the stairs", she was even more certain. Eventually she learns that the woman really ''had'' fallen down the stairs. This and the bruises were the result of her bumping into things because she was developing multiple sclerosis.
* In the 2000 remake of the ''Series/TheFugitive'', the already suspicious Inspector Gerard becomes convinced that Richard Kimble is his wife's murderer when witnesses who saw them jogging in the park the day she was killed claim to have seen him grab her and throw her to the ground. They didn't--the HappilyMarried couple were simply playing and goofing off.
* A variation in ''Series/HettyWainthroppInvestigates'' has Hetty sustaining some bruises after falling down the stairs while wearing high-heels (Hettie is more comfortable in sensible shoes). A police detective who had worked with Hetty on some cases before sees this as an opportunity and asks Hettie to go undercover at a shelter for abused women; someone had apparently revealed the center's location to the husbands of some of the tenants, possibly leading to one woman's death.
* ''Series/TheLeague'': Jenny's young daughter Ellie catches her recording a video of herself [[UnsportsmanlikeGloating smack talking]] about her husband Kevin and thinks she's threatening to beat him up. When Ellie sees Kevin's black eye ([[ContrivedCoincidence which he got from slipping and smashing his face into the table]]) she freaks out and calls the police. When Kevin comes to the door he mentions to the cops that Jenny beat him (they play fantasy football and her team beat his), and they almost arrest her. He has to explain that she actually ''didn't'' give him the black eye, [[DoubleStandardAbuseFemaleOnMale and he thinks the very idea is amusing because he's a man.]]
* ''Series/GreysAnatomy'': A girl who is [[FeelNoPain unable to feel pain]] comes in with major injuries and her foster parents are suspected of beating her. It turns out that she thinks she's a super hero and was hurting herself and encouraging other kids to hit her so she could show off.
* ''Series/{{Bones}}'':
** In the episode "The Salt in the Wounds", the remains of a young woman bore signs of previous injuries. Booth and Brennan ask the victim's parents about the injuries mainly to rule out the likelihood of abuse. Her injuries are merely the result of her being an athlete (she was in the school volleyball team).
** Another episode has Brennan declaring that the victim was abused, and she only slightly changes her opinion when she discovers that the healed bone fractures were due to childhood obesity and not beatings.
* One episode of Series/UntoldStoriesOfTheER (all based on Doctor's true stories) had a boy with a mild case of Brittle Bone Disease. The Hysterical parents response to the accusation, up to and including Kidnapping the child from the ER, did not help things.
* In one episode of ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'', an injured Spock instructs Nurse Chapel to hit him--he's been in a coma and Vulcans need physical pain to come out of it. After a few reluctant attempts she gives him a proper slap, only to be dragged away by Scotty who thinks she's gone nuts. Fortunately, Dr. M'Bega arrives to complete the 'treatment' and belts Spock across the face several times.
* The ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'' episode "[[Recap/StarTrekTheNextGenerationS4E4SuddenlyHuman Suddenly Human]]" has the ''Enterprise'' rescue some Talarian youngsters from a derelict ship, one of whom is a human raised by the Talarians. Dr. Crusher identifies several old injuries in the human, Jono, as signs of child abuse, but when Jono's adoptive father turns up he says they were normal (for his people, or for humans a few centuries ago for that matter) childhood injuries, e.g. his son fell off a [[CallARabbitASmeerp horse analog]].
* Subverted on ''Series/{{Glee}}'': Coach Beiste walks by with a black eye and a few girls [[WhatTheHellHero make some tasteless jokes]] about how she must have been punched by her husband. She says that in reality, she dropped a weight on herself when she was working out and the issue is dropped. Later in the episode however, she confesses that it was in fact her husband that hit her, starting her domestic abuse arc.
* PlayedForLaughs and lampshaded in the ''Series/ILoveLucy'' episode, "The Black Eye". Fred gets a black eye when a door hits him in the face. Lucy and Ricky note how no one ever believes the real story behind black eyes, reminding them of how they refused to believe the truth when Lucy got one herself. Ricky tried to toss a book to her and they were convinced that he hit her.
* ''Series/{{Sisters}}''. Second-youngest sister Georgie's therapist queries whether she had been molested by anyone, citing that it is frequently a cause of the depression and anxiety that she's been battling. That very night, Georgie apparently has a flashback of her father touching her inappropriately. Within weeks, she's not only convinced that her father repeatedly molested her, she accuses her mother of turning a blind eye to it and her sisters of being in denial as well (when they repeatedly deny being similarly abused), claiming that it would explain the myriad of problems that ''they've'' had, accusing her husband of being unsupportive, ultimately cutting them all out of her life, all with her therapist's encouragement. Only months later, watching one of her sisters, a doctor, examining her ill son, does she realize that what she remembered was not her father abusing her, but ''examining'' her (he was a doctor as well). She's horrified to realize that the whole thing was a ploy by her therapist to isolate her from her loved ones and ultimately seduce her.
* ''Series/StrangerThings'': When Steve goes to apologize to his girlfriend Nancy for how he's been treating her, he's surprised to find her hand bleeding. He forces his way into the house to find Nancy's other love interest, Jonathan, holding a bloody knife and sitting next to a baseball bat stuck with nails. Steve understandably thinks Jonathan is abusing Nancy, and tries to fight him. He's shocked when Nancy pulls a gun on him, and even more shocked when [[spoiler:a monster comes out of the ceiling. Nancy and Jonathan had been setting a trap for it, and they needed the scent of blood to draw it out]].
* ''Series/CurbYourEnthusiasm'' has an early episode where Cheryl's massages have been giving her weird bruises. Later, Larry pretends to hit her as a joke in the car, but, due to the angle, one of their friends doesn't notice he's just faking it (the slaps don't even touch her). The episode ends with policemen at their door, asking if she wants to press charges. PlayedForLaughs.
* ''Series/NipTuck'' has social services pay Sean a visit after his patient/lover claims he took advantage of her. The social worker notices Sean's daughter has bruises on her legs, from playing soccer. PlayedForDrama.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/CallOfCthulhu''
** Supplement ''Dreamlands'' adventure "Pickman's Student". When the investigators go to the apartment of Mr. and Mrs. Briggs, they find a man tied to a chair with a bathrobe thrown over him. If they rescue him, they discover that he's playing bondage games with his wife.
** ''Magazine/TheUnspeakableOath'' magazine #18 scenario "Dog Will Hunt". If the Investigators investigate the Owl's Brotherhood Lodge, they may happen upon a ceremony which appears to be the HumanSacrifice of a nude woman using a scimitar. It's actually just a harmless ritual the members carry out - the woman isn't actually killed.
* ''{{TabletopGame/GURPS}} Goblins'', adventure "The Horse Swapping". The ladies are playing Blind Man's Buff inside a house with some male customers while the {{PC}}s are outside waiting for them. While wearing the blindfold, one of the customers accidentally strikes one of the ladies. She lets out a scream that can be heard by the {{PC}}s, which may result in them rushing in to see what's wrong.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''{{VideoGame/Tenchu}}: Wrath of Heaven'' has a scene where Ayame overhears Tajima telling a captured village girl "What a nice pair you have, now let me show you mine!" which leads to her believe the young woman is about to be sexually assaulted, but when she bursts inside to save the girl in a BigDamnHeroes moment she sees the two were actually just playing poker.
* In ''VideoGame/Persona5'', Sojiro Sakura is mistaken for being abusive towards [[spoiler:his adoptive daughter, Futaba. In fact, the reverse is true. While he is somewhat distant and only caters to her wants on the surface, he wants what's best for her out of respect for Futaba's mother, Wakaba. In fact, he's the absolute best guardian for Futaba, as her relatives ''are'' horribly abusive towards her.]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/AnsemRetort'', Aeris gets a black eye from a moment of clumsiness, and her husband Axel tells her to make up a less embarrassing excuse.
-->'''Aerith:''' Axel hit me!\\
'''Axel:''' ''[[[EvenEvilHasStandards genuinely horrified]]]'' WHAT?!
* In ''Webcomic/ThinkBeforeYouThink'', two characters are in group counseling. One of them, Selene, confides to the other, Benson, that she likes to be dominated. He thinks she's coming on to him and inviting him to dominate her. She wasn't, and one of the counselors walks in on them and thinks he's trying to rape her. Fortunately, the main character of the comic is a mindreader and is able to tell what was really going on.
* In ''Webcomic/GirlGenius'', [[AxCrazy Bangladesh]] [[ComedicSociopathy DuPree]] has a bit of an obsession with Tarvek, apparently dating from when they were both in Paris and Bang had kidnapped him. It seems to be PlayedForLaughs at the [[http://www.girlgeniusonline.com/comic.php?date=20120222#.VvhUw-IrLIU start]] but when you start thinking about what she's actually saying -- ''"Hey, do you still have those little '''scars?'''"'' -- FridgeHorror starts to set in. It's recently been confirmed that [[http://www.girlgeniusonline.com/comic.php?date=20160318#.VvhVyuIrLIU yes, Bang did physically torture him]], and the fact that Gil has now set her to work as his bodyguard whilst he's asleep is more than a little worrying.
-->'''Bang:''' I wanna see if he's still got those beautiful scars!\\
'''Gil:''' I ''told'' you -- the chrono spillage healed ''everything''.\\
'''Bang:''' ''Nooo!'' I worked ''hard'' on those!
* In ''Webcomic/{{Namesake}}'', both Emma and a concierge [[http://namesakecomic.com/comic/growing-distress end up fearing]] she may have been date raped after she woke up in a hotel she didn't recognize with ripped clothing, a note thanking her for a fun night, and [[LaserGuidedAmnesia no clue what happened]].
* Briefly teased in ''Webcomic/{{Selkie}}'' when the titular character [[http://selkiecomic.com/comic/selkie1016/ mentions]] that she's wearing sunglasses because her adoptive father told her to so that no one sees what happened to her eyes. [[SubvertedTrope Thankfully, Miss Lillian is savvy enough to not immediately jump to conclusions]].
-->'''Lillian:''' I'm sure that statement isn't as much of a red flag [[NotWhatItLooksLike as it sounds]], but maybe I should go say hello to Mister Smith all the same.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* Discussed and played with in ''[[WebVideo/LoadingReadyRun Crap Shot]]'' [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B8xivS237sw ep. 40: The Explanation]]. It's not abuse, but abuse is apparently less embarrassing, so they're prepared to go with that.
* On ''WebVideo/WhatTheFuckIsWrongWithYou'' one of Tara's {{running gag}}s on the show is the amount of childhood injuries she has had to endure, either at her own hands or her sisters' hands. Her poor mother had to rotate emergency rooms with all three of them for fear of this trope happening.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* The very first episode of ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill'' had a misguided social worker suspect Hank of beating Bobby. His "evidence" included a black eye on Bobby (actually caused by a Little League accident) and an overheard conversation where Bobby and Joseph imitated Hank's tendency to deliver blustering, exaggerated threats when angry. He immediately moves to have Bobby taken away, only to have his supervisor chew him out for not getting anything more than circumstantial evidence and not even questioning the little league coach who could have cleared this entire thing up at the very start, and has him ReassignedToAntarctica.
* ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad''
** The episode "Rough Trade" had this happen to Stan. The neighbor sees him drunken and slovenly (he was under house arrest for DUI (Roger's fault) and agreed to do a SwappedRoles with Roger, who does nothing but drink and watch game shows all day) and Francine has a black eye (a stressed-out Roger slapped her) which she excuses by saying she walked into a doorknob (a common excuse). When the police come by, they find pictures of an underage boy in his underwear (Steve, he took the pictures himself on Roger's advice to impress a girl) and a basement full of monkeys (Hayley was looking after them for her animal rights group, Roger forgot to feed them), and they hear Stan angrily yelling "I'm gonna kill him!" (Roger, of course) and come in to see Francine on the floor with another black eye, saying, "It was my fault for leaving the mop out." (She tripped on the mop and ''did'' run into a door).
** In the episode "Let Me be Frank With You", Francine dresses as a man to spend more quality time with an unknowing Stan. The two become best friends, but a suspicious Bullock gets jealous and finds out the real Frank is in another state. He then orders Stan to kill him. While Stan is about to, Francine/Frank lets something about Francine slip, and it causes Stan to think Frank did something with Francine. He then beats Francine/Frank mercilessly while Francine is more focused and romanticized by his loving monologue about her. Eventually he realizes the truth and they share a romantic hug. Moments later, a man sees Stan hugging his beaten wife, apologizing for attacking her, and with a gun in his hand. He thinks something is up, and Stan threatens to shoot him. Jon Hamm then appears to give a very special message about butting into other people's business and how something you think could be something is something entirely different.
--->Don't Be a Hero
* An early episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' ("Home Sweet Home-Dum-Diddly-Doodily") features Bart and Lisa getting placed into foster care when Lisa has no shoes (because bullies took them to play KeepAway) and Bart has a case of head lice (because he let a monkey climb on top of his head), and a social worker is called to investigate. They find the house a mess (because Marge went with Homer to a day spa instead of her usual housework), Maggie drinking out of the dog's water bowl (because she could), Grampa [[SeniorSleepCycle asleep on the couch]], and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the toilet paper hung in the "improper" overhand position.]] Marge and Homer didn't actually neglect the kids, but to the social workers, they looked like unfit parents, and had to take parenting classes in order to get their kids back from their foster parents, the Flanders family.
* {{Invoked}} in the ''WesternAnimation/Sealab2021'' episode "Bizarro," in which Captain Murphy reacts as though Bizarro Debbie were brutally torturing Quinn when it is obvious to absolutely everyone else that they're having enthusiastic sex.

!!Abuse mistaken for innocent

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/AIArtificialIntelligence'': Gigolo Joe thinks the horrible bruises on Patricia, a first-time client, are the result of sexual "passion," although she has clearly been abused.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/{{Spawn}}'' has two little boys (one of whom would grow up to become the Redeemer) whose abusive father claims to the other churchgoes they play a lot of tackle football. Until Spawn violently murders him, that is.

* In ''Literature/ABrothersPrice'':
** Keifer Porter abused his wives, psychologically as well as physically, and managed to convince the eldest wives, who could have divorced him, that it was all in good fun (or, in one case, that the thirteen-year-old he tortured and raped provoked him).
** Possibly, Balin Brindle is a victim of this. He is rumored to have sex with his mothers (actually aunts, who fill the social role of mothers), which is seen as a damage to his reputation, but no one does anything about it, like investigate whether he is forced to do it.
* In the ''Literature/{{Hurog}}'' duology, Garranon is introduced as the evil king's courtesan, and an antagonist of the heroes. Later on we learn that he was sexually abused by the king ever since he was a child and hated the king all this time, but didn't dare fight back because the king would have killed all his friends and relatives if he had.
* The third book of ''Slave World'' starts out with a female police officer getting raped by a corrupt male policeman. When caught, his violation is mistaken for consensual sex, so they both get in trouble for it.
* ''Literature/TheJoyLuckClub'': In An-Mei's backstory, her mother was disowned by her family for being a whore and running off to be a wealthy man's concubine. [[spoiler:It's revealed that the husband raped her mother after the man's second wife arranged for it (abusing the mother's trust in the process) and that the mother is now in a loveless marriage ''and'' not only was forced to give her birth son to the second mother and pretend that he's her kid, but is not allowed to put any distance between herself and the family she married into and hates, because the second wife wants her around for practical and manipulative reasons.]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* An early episode of ''Series/{{Flashpoint}}'' has a cop beating his wife until her sister takes matters into her own and holds up the husband at gunpoint. While investigating the situation, SRU officers quickly discover that the cop's partners and friends on the force knew, or at least strongly suspected, that the cop was beating his wife, but looked the other way out of misguided respect, writing it off as something else.
* ''Series/LawAndOrderSpecialVictimsUnit'': This is the central premise of the episode "Doubt", where the woman's ex-boyfriend[=/=]professor uses [[CasualKink it being consensual]] as his defense, with the woman alleging abuse. Notably, this was one of the few episodes where the verdict was never given, allowing the audience to draw their own conclusions.
* ''Series/VeronicaMars'' In the season 3 premiere Veronica and Mac need to get tickets from Mac's dorm room, but Mac's roommate Parker is "in there with some guy". Veronica walks in, hears some "sex noises" from the guy, quietly says "Don't mind me", then leaves with the tickets. After Mac and Veronica return, they are too drunk to drive home so Veronica sleeps on Mac's couch. The last second of the episode is Veronica and Mac waking up to Parker's screams as she had been drugged, then raped and her hair completely shaved off her head. This grievous mistake is explored more in the next episode as well.


* A pivotal moment in the play ''A Steady Rain'' involves the two cop characters returning a naked Vietnamese boy to the serial killer the poor kid was trying to escape from. This scene was directly inspired by an incident when police returned one of Jeffrey Dahmer's victims to him.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* This is essentially the premise behind the incredibly dark [[http://www.whatisdeepfried.com/COMIX/Family/PAGE1.html Clarissa's public life.]] It doesn't really help that the only way she shows it is through risque pictures.
* In ''WebVideo/ToBoldlyFlee'', Film Brain overhears what he believes to be Nostalgia Chick and Linkara having sex. In actuality, it was Mechakara impersonating Linkara, who was subjecting the Nostalgia Chick to an UnwillingRoboticization and making her BrainwashedAndCrazy.