Literature / Tom Brown's Schooldays
Tom Brown's Schooldays
, written by Thomas Hughes and published in 1857, is one of the classics of the Boarding School
genre. The main character is eleven-year-old Tom Brown, the son of well-to-do country squire.
The early chapters of the novel deal with Tom Brown's childhood at his home in the Vale of White Horse. Tom Brown's first school year was at a local school. His second year started at a private school, but due to an epidemic of fever in the area, all the school's boys were sent home, and Tom was transferred mid-term to Rugby School, where he made acquaintance with the adults and boys who lived at the school and in its environs. On his arrival at Rugby, Tom Brown is looked after by a more experienced classmate, Harry "Scud" East. Soon after, Tom and East become the targets of a bully named Flashman.
In the second half of the book, Dr. Thomas Arnold, the historical headmaster of the school at the time, gives Tom the care of George Arthur, a frail, pious, academically brilliant, gauche, and sensitive new boy.
The book has been highly influencial, creating the Boarding School
genre which also includes well known works such as Goodbye, Mr. Chips
and the Harry Potter
Parodies include "Tompkinson's Schooldays" in Ripping Yarns
, "Tim Brown's Schooldays" in I'm Sorry I'll Read That Again
, the first episode of Bleak Expectations
and the boarding school sequence in the Discworld
.George MacDonald Fraser
has written an entire series purporting to reveal what the bully Flashman
got up to after he left school.
Not to be confused with the controversial Japanese Anime
called School Days
Tom Brown's Schooldays provides examples of:
- Aristocrats Are Evil - Most are not, but Flashman and his father embody the worse side of the aristocracy.
- Author Tract - Reportedly, when people told Hughes that the book would have been more enjoyable if it were less preachy, he replied that as far as he was concerned the opportunity to preach was the whole point of the exercise. It should be noted that the preaching is strongest in the second half of the book, which is rarely adapted into film or TV.
- Baseball Episode - Make that Cricket. These are English boys, after all.
- Boarding School - Rugby, a Real Life public school
- The Bully - Flashman
- Clear My Name
- Evil Poacher
- Historical-Domain Character - Dr. Arnold, the actual headmaster of the real Rugby School at the time the novel is set.
- Period Piece - Set about 25 years before it was written (ie. about the time the author was at school).
- Quintessential British Gentleman - To various degrees, most of the upper-class British characters that form the focus of the story.
- Rugby Union - Well, not quite. The book depicts Rugby in its more original, basic form as played by school boys at Rugby.
- Tuckerization - Several of the characters are based on people the author knew in his own schooldays.