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[[caption-width-right:302:The three Musketeers, [[OneExtraMember give or take a Gascon]].]]

->''All for one and one for all!''

''Les Trois Mousquetaires'' (1844). One of the most famous pieces of French Literature, written by Creator/AlexandreDumas (père), the author of ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo''.

In [[TheCavalierYears the year 1625]], d'Artagnan, the son of a [[ImpoverishedPatrician noble but poor family]], leaves his home in Gascony and heads to [[GayParee Paris]] to [[JumpedAtTheCall follow a dream]]: to become a [[PraetorianGuard Musketeer of the Guard]], one of the most prestigious military units in the whole of France. Armed with only his courage and a letter of introduction from his father, d'Artagnan heads out.

Though he loses the letter in an altercation with a mysterious man in a black cape with a [[GoodScarsEvilScars scar on his face]], d'Artagnan presses on and meets the titular three musketeers: [[TheLeader leader]] and [[OlderAndWiser father-figure]] Athos, the vain and [[BigEater famously gluttonous]] [[TheBigGuy Big Guy]] Porthos, and TheCasanova and [[TheSmartGuy Smart Guy]] Aramis.

Together, they have a series of swashbuckling adventures in France.

The main antagonists are [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardinal_Richelieu Cardinal Richelieu]] and his agent, Milady de Winter. D'Artagnan's LoveInterest is DistressedDamsel Madame Bonacieux, at least while he is not being seduced by Milady.

The book has been [[AdaptationOverdosed adapted for TV and film many times]]. It has two sequels, which are much less well known: ''Twenty Years After'' (1845) and ''The Vicomte de Bragelonne'' (serialized 18471850). The latter is often divided into three, four or five volumes. However, some parts of one particular subplot in the second sequel, related to the imprisoned twin brother of UsefulNotes/LouisXIV, have "inspired" several films, such as ''Film/TheIronMask'' (1929) and ''Film/TheManInTheIronMask'' (1998).

!!The book and its sequels provide examples of:

* TheAllegedSteed: d'Artagnan's yellow horse, which he disposes of as soon as he reaches Paris. It shows up again when Porthos is given an insult by his mistress.
* TheAce: Athos is essentially the perfect gentleman. He was born into high rank, has impeccable manners, a thorough education, and outstanding skill at arms. However, he also spends a lot of his life squandering his quality due to poor luck and a morose personality. [[spoiler:He's also a pretty lousy hangman.]]
* AgeLift: Inverted with Raoul. He debuts in ''Twenty Years After'' as a 15-year-old, just old enough to take part in the action. In the third book, his age is retconned in a way that would make him 12 or 13 in the second book.
* ArmorIsUseless: Averted in ''Twenty Years After''. Raoul, naively rushing into battle as part of the Prince de Conde's army, tries to stab a Frondeuer. The intended victim is none other than Aramis, who's saved by his chest armor.
* ArrangedMarriage: Louis XIV's younger brother Philippe and Henrietta of England in ''Le Vicomte de Bragelonne''.
* ArtisticLicenseHistory:
** Dumas was never a man to let the facts interfere with a good story. Particularly notable is that the entire first novel of the series is an anachronism: the name of D'Artagnan first appears in the records of the musketeers in 1633, five years after the novel ends and nearly a decade after Dumas's hero presents himself to M. de Treville. (Speaking of whom, the real Treville was himself a new musketeer in 1625, and wasn't made captain of the musketeers until, again, after the first novel ends.) Of the three musketeers after whom the novel is named, suffice it to say that they are entirely fictional creations with real names attached, and if they are ever historically accurate it is only by accident.
** Most of the historical events such as Charles' execution are compressed for the sake of drama.
* BadassBookworm: Aramis, despite being a thorough womanizer and elite soldier, is also an academic with a passion for the clergy. Unfortunately, as he says himself when a soldier he feels a calling for the clergy and vice versa.
* BadassPreacher: Aramis, once he rises through the ranks, eventually becoming Superior General of the Jesuits.
* BadassCreed: "All for one and one for all!"
* BandOfBrothers: Their BadassCreed is more than just a creed. It's their very lives.
* BedTrick: d'Artagnan to Milady by pretending to be the Comte de Wardes. She does not take it well when she finds out.
* BegoneBribe: In ''Twenty Years After'', Aramis relates an anecdote about a time when Cardinal Mazarin got into a disagreement with a prince whose alliance he desired:
-->... "The prince immediately sent fifty thousand livres to Mazarin, begging him never to write to him again, and offering twenty thousand livres in addition if he engaged never to speak to him again. What did Mazarin do?" \\
"He took offense?" said Athos. \\
"He beat the messenger?" said Porthos. \\
"He took the money?" said d'Artagnan. \\
"You have guessed right, d'Artagnan," said Aramis.
* BigBadassBattleSequence: After rushing through the battle that saw the capture of Charles I, ''Twenty Years After'' devotes a lot of pages to a major battle in the First Fronde.
* {{Bittersweet Ending}}:
** By the end of the first book, the heroes win out against Milady and avoid being destroyed by Richelieu, but at the cost of [[spoiler:the death of Madame Bonacieux, d'Artagnan's love interest, not to mention how the trial of Milady has soiled the soldier's life for his three friends, leaving him alone within the Musketeers by book's end]]. Richelieu, for his part, makes out like a bandit: by the end of the story, of the people who dared to oppose him: [[spoiler:Constance and Buckingham are dead, the queen's other supporters are in exile, the Queen herself is isolated, Porthos and Aramis have retired, Athos does the same not long after, leaving only D'Artagnan who owes the Cardinal his life]]. Plain and simple, Richelieu ''wins''.
** The first sequel, ''Twenty Years After'', is just as bad. [[spoiler:While they manage to end the Fronde civil war for now, and d'Artagnan gets promoted to Captain-Lieutenant of the Musketeers, the heroes fail to save Charles I, Athos kills what is hinted to be his son by Milady, Monsieur Bonacieux shows up, as if only to remind d'Artagnan of Madame Bonacieux, and d'Artagnan accidentally kills his friend Rochefort]].
** The final book, ''Le Vicomte de Bragelonne'', is an outright [[DownerEnding crapsack ending]]. [[spoiler:Aramis breaks up the fellowship for good, his plan backfires spectacularly and gets Porthos killed and him exiled, Raoul loses his girlfriend and his will to live, Athos dies shortly after he hears of Raoul's death, and D'Artagnan finally receives that promotion he's been waiting since decades... which arrives shortly before he dies of his wounds.]]
* BoisterousBruiser: Porthos to some extent, and this trait is usually his primary characterization for all adaptations.
* BookDumb: d'Artagnan has no interest in academia, yet he's the group's idea man.
* {{Bowdlerise}}: most adaptations of the book tend to portray D'Artagnan and the Musketeers as much more [[LoveableRogue loveable]] than they are in the book, omitting such "small details" as [[spoiler:their routinely seducing rich married women to fleece them out of their money, or making Constance into Bonacieux's daughter, rather than his wife, if not omitting Bonacieux entirely. In most adaptations, Athos merely banishes Milady from his lands (or, as in the 1993 Disney version, turns her in) instead of hanging her.]]
* TheBigGuy: Porthos, whose size and strength seems to grow with each book.
* BumpIntoConfrontation: how d'Artagnan meets Athos and Porthos.
* BunnyEarsLawyer: The Duke of Beaufort is a malaproping, talkative member of an illegitimate branch of the royal family who firmly believes in taking RefugeInAudacity. He's also a capable commander, badass, and powerful organizer for the Fronde rebellion.
* ButtMonkey: Kitty, Milady's servant who's seduced, raped, and cast aside by d'Artagnan.
%%* CampGay: Monsieur and the Chevalier de Lorraine.
* TheCavalierYears
* TheChessmaster: Aramis in the third book, arguably Richelieu as well.
* ChewOutFakeOut: When they're caught brawling with The Cardinal's Guard.
* ChildhoodFriendRomance: Raoul and Louise. Then she falls in love with Louis XIV...
* ChildrenRaiseYou: They also cure alcoholism.
* CodeName:
** "Athos" (the Count de la Fère), "Porthos" (du Vallon) and "Aramis" (René d'Herblay).
** In the second book, "Mordaunt" (John Francis de Winter). [[spoiler:Considering who his father ''might'' be, it's fitting that he's the only one in the sequels to get a CodeName.]]
* ContemptCrossfire: During the Fronde, Mazarin is well aware that just about the only person who doesn't want him kicked out of France is the queen, whether they're opposing her or part of her faction. His one or two attempts at StillTheLeader in front of the prince of Condé get him looks reminding him that "if Condé was defending him, it was neither out of conviction nor enthusiasm".
* CorruptChurch: the Jesuits.
* TheCorrupter:
** Milady's specialty.
** And, amusingly, how Athos meets another woman. [[spoiler:Through a bit of mistaken identity on both of their parts, Aramis' former mistress thinks Athos is a priest (Athos had asked the priest for a night's shelter and the priest was out) and seduces him into a one-night stand. That leads to Raoul's birth.]]
* CrashIntoHello: This is how d'Artagnan first meets Athos and Porthos, resulting in him being challenged to two duels.
* CryIntoChest: d'Artagnan to Athos when [[spoiler:Constance is killed]]. During the CoolDownHug, Athos says, "[[UnableToCry ...would I could weep as you do]]."
* CurbStompBattle: Every time Porthos raises his fist.
* DamselInDistress: Constance gets successfully kidnapped twice, not considering the time d'Artagnan saves her.
* DeadpanSnarker: The narrator isn't above taking potshots at d'Artagnan at the beginning of the book.
* DefeatMeansFriendship:
** After d'Artagnan defeats Rochefort, TheDragon of Richelieu, in several duels, the two become close friends.
** This thinking is so prevalent that D'Artagnan is able to use it as part of a BatmanGambit: [[spoiler:In order to get close to Milady de Winter (to track down Madame Bonacieux... originally), he purposely goads her brother-in-law, Lord de Winter, into a duel, so D'Artagnan can spare his life and become his friend. It works.]]
* [[DoesNotKnowHisOwnStrength Does Not Know His Own Weight]]: Porthos once destroys a chair just by sitting in it. Made even funnier by his deadpan delivery of "Excuse me, but I need a new chair, I've broken this one".
* DoomedByCanon: The musketeers attempt to foil Charles I's execution. Guess how it goes.
* DownerEnding:
** The final book, ''Le Vicomte de Bragelonne''. [[spoiler:Raoul loses his love interest to King Louis XIV, and heads off to war to die. When news of Raoul's death comes, Athos dies of sorrow. Aramis's scheme with the Man in the Iron Mask fails and he is forced into exile in Spain, and Porthos dies in the escape. d'Artagnan, after finally becoming the Marshal of France, is killed by cannon fire during a siege.]]
** On a slightly lesser scale, the romantic subplot of the final book. [[spoiler:Massive web of love and relationships get caught up in Louis's attempts to sleep with his brother Monsieur's wife, Henrietta. More than half a dozen people are involved, at least two duels spring up from it, and Louis falls for Louise de la Valliere in the course of it. In the denouement, Louise has been cast aside, Raoul's dead, and Louis and Henrietta are carrying on their affair as if nothing happened.]]
* TheDragon: Rochefort, to Richelieu. Ironically, d'Artagnan becomes this to Mazarin.
* DrivenToSuicide: In ''The Vicomte de Bragelonne'', [[spoiler:Raoul de Bragelonne becomes a DeathSeeker and dies in battle against Barbary pirates after being dumped by his girlfriend.]]
* DrowningMySorrows: Athos, constantly and epically in the first book.
%%* DyingMomentOfAwesome: [[spoiler:Porthos in Locmaria]].
* EvilChancellor: Richelieu, and [[DirtyCoward Mazarin]]. While they both are quite loyal to France, having a King deciding things is quite unnecessary, thank you very much. This trait is overplayed to the hilt with Richelieu in [[AdaptationalVillainy adaptations that turn him into the main villain]]. In the books, Mazarin develops something of an unfair reputation as this trope due to his foreign nationality, although he also embezzles large amounts of money and gets away with it. In the final book, Colbert takes this position, compared to the most cavalier Finance Minister Nicholas Fouquet, and uses his financial influence to turn the king against Fouquet. Subverted in that it is Colbert's policies which subsequently make the country rich, militarily powerful, and capable of waging a foreign war in which D'Artagnan finally gets to be promoted to Field Marshal, while Fouquet--likeable as he was--had been embezzling the national wealth and spending it on grandiosely ornamental but ultimately useless architecture such as the chateau of Vaux-le-Vicomte or the fortifications of Belle-Isle, and it has to be said that he has richly (quite literally) earned his downfall.
* EvilIsPetty: Mazarin is a greedy miser, and everyone is quick to comment on it.
* ExactWords: The workmen preparing the stand for Charles' execution the next day are making more noise than strictly necessary. When Parry asks them to keep it down as the king is trying to sleep, one says that if he doesn't sleep well tonight, he'll sleep much better tomorrow. The workmen hear an excellent example of GallowsHumor and laugh, Parry recognizes Athos and realizes they're sabotaging the execution.
* FaceOfAnAngelMindOfADemon: There's an inversion of the good blonde and bad brunette, as the heroine, Constance, has dark hair, and Milady, the villain, is angelic looking.
%%* AFatherToHisMen: Monsieur de Treville.
* FaceHeelTurn:
** Aramis in the final book (''The Man in the Iron Mask''), in which, ''not'' to be confused with the film, he alone (with Porthos tricked into it as dumb muscle) initiates the plot to [[spoiler:replace the King with his long-imprisoned twin brother]]--which is actually [[spoiler:foiled with D'Artagnan's assistance, although Fouquet takes the major credit and thus postpones his downfall by a few days]]. The point being that [[spoiler:it turns out the kingdom is best served by having the original Louis as king, Colbert as finance minister, and D'Artagnan in charge of the army, than it ever would have been served by his brother who, knowing nothing about the state of affairs but what Aramis told him, would have had to rely completely on Aramis and leave the likeable but corrupt Fouquet to embezzle and squander what was left of the treasury, and that D'Artagnan's loyalty to Louis ends up being the '''''right''''' choice, and Aramis's plot therefore makes him a traitor and a true Face Heel Turn since he betrays not only his King but also the whole Musketeers group by an act that he knew neither D'Artagnan nor Athos could be persuaded into, and Porthos only by trickery.]] And the irony being that [[spoiler:Fouquet plays a major role in saving Louis even though he knows Louis is working for his downfall, and it was in his interest to cooperate with the substitution: and Louis's first act after being saved is to dispose of Fouquet in favour of Colbert]].
** Part of the point of the book is that some of the older generation (like Athos) believe that a nobleman's duty is to [[MyMasterRightOrWrong serve the king no matter what]] (although he does add an escape clause in telling Raoul to serve royalty and not the king). [[spoiler:Aramis' actions violate this principle (and he manipulates Porthos into doing the same); d'Artagnan isn't sure what to think about this but ultimately lands on the side of the King]].
* FemmeFatale: Milady de Winter, one of literature's great villainesses. To much lesser extent, also Madame de Chevreuse.
* FireForgedFriends: When d'Artagan first meets up with the three musketeers, in sequence, he ends up having to face a duel with each. It's when the Cardinal's men try to arrest them and they fight them off that the four of them become friends.
* FleurDeLis: Branded onto the shoulder of Milady to show that she is a convicted criminal.
* {{Foil}}: Mordaunt, for Raoul. They're hinted to be half-brothers (Raoul being the result of a one-night stand Athos had with [[{{Irony}} Aramis's former mistress]]; Mordaunt's father is never explicitly identified, leaving it open) and very different. Raoul is caught up in UnrequitedLove, a tad naive and ineffective; Mordaunt is on a RoaringRampageOfRevenge and is highly effective at it. Raoul takes after his father in mannerisms and ideology; Mordaunt is very much his mother's son.
* ForegoneConclusion: To anyone with knowledge of French history, particularly the last two books. [[spoiler:Louise de la Vallière becomes the King's mistress, as does Henriette and Fouquet is disgraced.]]
* ForgottenFallenFriend: [[spoiler:King Charles]] in the second book. Averted in the later books: [[spoiler:Athos spends most of an entire book helping Charles's son retake the English throne; D'Artagnan does as well, but he's OnlyInItForTheMoney]].
* ForgottenPhlebotinum: In the first chapter, d'Artagnan has a secret recipe for a balm involving oil, wine, and rosemary, which can heal any wound, no matter how grievous, in the space of a day or two. By the end of chapter 27, his musketeer friends have each been wounded -- Athos more than once -- and at no point does d'Artagnan think of using this balm to bring them back to health.
* FourPhilosophyEnsemble: Aramis (realist), Porthos (apathetic), Athos (cynic), and D'Artagnan (optimist).
%%* FourTemperamentEnsemble: Aramis (phlegmatic/leukine), Porthos (choleric), Athos (melancholic), and D'Artagnan (sanguine).
%%* FreudianTrio: Porthos (id), Athos (ego), Aramis (superego).
* FunetikAksent: Used in the original French and some translations, with d'Artagnan's Gascon accent coming out when he exclaims, "Mordioux!" The Swiss soldiers also talk funny. (''"La graisse te l'oie, il est très ponne avec des gonfitures."''/''"Goose grease is kood with basdry."'')
* GayParee: The setting for much of the series.
* GenerationXerox: The third book, "Le Vicomte de Bragelonne", features a number of characters who are the sons of characters from the first book. Some, like Buckingham and the son of a Cardinal's Guardsman who meets Porthos and Aramis in the end take heavily after their fathers. The exception is de Wardes. The father was simply a rival nobleman who dueled d'Artagnan; his son is a petty and vindictive man who proves to be a NotSoHarmlessVillain.
** Of course, a major theme of the third book is that the new generation is too Romantic and inactive compared to the four main characters'.
* GenreShift: A large portion of ''Louise de La Vallière'' is taken up with court intrigue and romantic plots, with the titular musketeers explicitly absent from the narrative. They don't make a real return until ''Man in the Iron Mask'' where the series returns to its original adventure tone.
* GoodScarsEvilScars: Rochefort is a villain in the first book and is recognized by his facial scar.
* HeManWomanHater: Athos, but he has a better excuse than most.
* TheHero: d'Artagnan is the main protagonist of the trilogy that starts with him [[JumpedAtTheCall Jumping at the Call]] and ends with his death.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: UsefulNotes/LouisXIII, his wife Anne of Austria, his minister Cardinal Richelieu; UsefulNotes/LouisXIV, his mistress Louise de La Vallière, his ministers Cardinal Mazarin and Jean-Baptiste Colbert; the English monarch UsefulNotes/CharlesI of UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfStuart, his wife Henrietta Marie, his Parliamentary opponent UsefulNotes/OliverCromwell; and even The Man In The Iron Mask, who ''was'' an actual person, though very little is known of him. That's why he has been such a popular figure in fiction.
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade:
** In the books, UsefulNotes/CardinalRichelieu is an adversary of the Musketeers, but not an actual ''villain''. In many adaptations, though, he's turned into the BigBad. The same goes for Mazarin and Colbert.
** Averted with UsefulNotes/OliverCromwell. While he's definitely an antagonist, he is nothing compared to the outright villain Mordaunt.
* HonorBeforeReason: Fouquet might be greedy and opulent, but he's disgusted by his ally's plan with the Man in the Iron Mask and tries to stop it, even when it will hurt his cause.
* IHaveManyNames: Milady. Also the titular Three Musketeers, as they all use aliases, and later take up new titles.
* IHaveThisFriend: Athos tells one of these about a young nobleman of Berry.
* ImpoverishedPatrician:
** Gascons are almost universally poor. Athos retains only a few traces of his high birth, including a CoolSword Porthos would trade at least one arm for.
** In the final book, King Louis XIV almost counts. The royal coffers are nearly empty. Colbert uses this to manipulate the king against the very rich Finance Minister Nicholas Fouquet.
** Also in the final book, Charles II and his sister Henrietta, due to their father being overthrown by Cromwell in the previous installment. They eventually get restored and promptly start living lavishly.
%%* TheIngenue: Louise de La Vallière.
* IntergenerationalFriendship: At the beginning of the story, D'Artagnan is 19 and Athos is said to be twice his age. The age gap is explicitly noted in-universe, as well as the father/mentor role played by Athos.
* InterruptedSuicide: d'Artagnan in the later book, believe it or not. And the person who stops him? [[spoiler:Louis XIV]].
* ItAmusedMe: Queen Anne's reason for getting involved in the romantic intrigue in "Louise de la Valliere". She feels left out of the royal court with its younger generation.
* ItsAllJunk: The much-passed around sapphire ring, at least to the original owner.
* ItsPersonalWithTheDragon: In the first book, D'Artagnan has a running rivalry with Rochefort and makes an intensely personal enemy of Milady de Winter, but things never get so personal with their employer Richelieu.
* ItWasADarkAndStormyNight: Chapter 65 begins with this phrase (well, "c'etait une nuit orageuse et sombre" in the original).
* JailBake: Used in ''Twenty Years After'' to free the Duke of Beaufort. The RefugeInAudacity element in the plan is what spawns the Duke's affection for Grimaud and their OddFriendship.
* JumpedAtTheCall:
** d'Artagnan leaves home as soon as he is an adult to find his fortune with his sword arm.
** Raoul as well. In the second book, as soon as he is sent off by Athos, he jumps into the Fronde civil war, although his youth leads him to make a few bad calls.
* KarmaHoudini: Richelieu, despite opposing the Musketeers through most of the first book, winds up just as powerful as he was when the book started. He can even give d'Artagnan a promotion. And in the second book, Athos even wishes he were alive again instead of Mazarin. This is presumably as the real Richelieu stayed in favor with the king. In adaptations that make him into the BigBad, however, he is usually defeated.
* KnightOfCerebus: Every time Mordaunt shows up in ''Twenty Years After'', things get dark.
* LawfulStupid:
** Nicolas Fouquet in the third novel, although it may be a case of HonorBeforeReason (since he [[spoiler:saves King Louis from the plot to replace him, knowing that this will mean his own downfall as Louis and Colbert work against him.]])
** Athos in the later books displays some elements of that and HonorBeforeReason. Even Aramis notes it, telling Athos he'd be a general who only fights by daylight and informs the enemy of the time of the attack.
%%* LoadBearingHero: [[spoiler:Porthos' heroic sacrifice in ''The Vicomte de Bragelonne''.]]
* LostHimInACardGame: Athos very nearly does this to Grimaud in a dice game after losing two horses and quite a lot of other stuff. D'Artagnan is not amused to find his diamond ring playing a prominent role in the story.
* LoveDodecahedron: The "Louise de la Valliere" section of the third book is basically a romantic soap opera, with everyone tangled in a web of romance.
* LukeIAmYourFather: [[spoiler:Athos is really the father of his ward Raoul, but he never tells him, disclosing the information only to Raoul's mother (who is also Aramis' former mistress).]]
* LukeYouAreMyFather: It's hinted at but never confirmed in the second book that Athos is really the father of Mordaunt (on paper, his grudge against de Winter is that his father is de Winter's dead brother and thus he's been denied his inheritance, and against the king because he rejected Mordaunt's appeal).
* {{Malaproper}}: M. de Beaufort is famous for mixing up words like "affliction" and "affection", which nearly forces him into a duel on at least one occasion.
* MagneticHero: Athos in ''Twenty Years After''. He and Aramis go to England to help King Charles I while d'Artagnan and Porthos (acting on Mazarin's orders) are supposed to be on Oliver Cromwell's side. It takes Athos one scene to convince d'Artagnan that a true gentleman can only fight on the king's side.
* ManipulativeBitch: Milady, especially prominent when she manages to persuade John Felton, her ''jailer'', to kill the most powerful man in England, and a good friend of De Winter (Felton's beloved commander officer): the Duke of Buckingham.
* MarkOfShame: Milady's Fleur-de-lis brand marks her as a criminal.
* MasterSwordsman: More like a whole Master Swordsmanship Academy (the Musketeers, with special mention for four main characters). Raoul, Jussac and Rochefort also qualify.
%%* TheMistress: Plenty of them in ''Le Vicomte de Bragelonne''.
* MoodWhiplash:
** Multiple times. Most notably in the 'Louise de la Vallière' section of "Le Vicomte de Bragelonne" when the soap opera-esque romantic intrigues of the court are interrupted by de Guice and de Wardes' violent duel.
** And before that, the aside where Aramis tricks the leader of the Jesuits into naming him his successor as the leader is on his deathbed.
* MookLieutenant: Jussac is an officer in the Cardinal's guard and attempts to arrest the musketeers at the convent.
* MommasBoy: Monsieur, to a degree. He certainly does complain to her on a regular basis, too bad he's also TheUnfavorite.
* MysteriousBenefactor: Once she's informed of [[spoiler:Raoul being her son, Aramis's mistress from the first book]] becomes this.
* NeverGetsDrunk: Athos, unless he's on a ''real'' bender.
* NeverGotToSayGoodbye: Athos despairs for a moment when Charles' execution goes on anyway, but manages to sneak under the stand and say his goodbyes to the king and receive his last instructions.
* NotSoHarmlessVillain: De Wardes (the son of the minor antagonist of the first book) in ''Le Vicomte de Bragelonne''. After a bunch of petty insults in the first third of the book, he's beaten by Raoul, stabbed in a quick duel with Buckingham, and then [[spoiler:heavily wounds de Guice in a tense pistol duel]]. It takes d'Artagnan's intervention to prevent him from continuing to not be harmless.
* OddFriendship:
** The Duke of Beaufort and Grimaud. One's a malaproping, BunnyEarsLawyer member of the royal family, the other is a [[SilentSnarker Silent Snarking]], near-mute valet.
** Raoul and the Comte de Guice. The former's a straight-and-narrow [[TheAce ace]] madly in love with one woman, the other's a BiTheWay playboy.
* OneExtraMember: There are actually four musketeers: d'Artagnan becomes one during the siege of La Rochelle.
* OneSteveLimit: Averted -- both Monsieur and The Man in the Iron Mask are named Philippe. The former is Louis XIV's brother, [[spoiler: the latter his twin.]]
* OutlivingOnesOffspring: [[spoiler:Athos doesn't live long after he hears of Raoul's death.]]
* PerpetualPoverty:
%% All four protagonists, especially in the first novel.
** In later books however Porthos becomes a rich landlord. His adventures often cut him off from his estate, though.
* PoisonousCaptive: Milady de Winter seduces her jailer and twists him into an assassin that kills the Duke of Buckingham.
* PoisonRing: Milady poisons [[spoiler:Constance]] using one of these.
%%* PolarOppositeTwins: Louis and Philippe.
* {{Polyamory}}: Fouquet carries on two passionate romances with his wife and mistress, who don't seem to mind. At the very least, the two women happily work together to try to save Fouquet from his downfall.
* PraetorianGuard: The King's Musketeers and the Cardinal's guards.
* {{Protectorate}}: In ''Twenty years after'', D'Artagnan protects young King Louis from an angry mob.
* ReluctantRetiree: Mazarin sends d'Artagnan to recruit his predecessor's [[TheDragon dragon]] Rochefort. When he meets Richelieu's agent, he finds the man (who is in his 60s by this point) too old to work for him. Rochefort decides to join the anti-Mazarin Fronde rebellion rather than be forced back to retirement (and prison).
* RetiredBadassRoundup: In ''Twenty years after'', D'Artagnan tries to reunite his old friends on the orders of Cardinal Mazarino. Porthos, now a wealthy widower, accepts but Athos, [[spoiler:who regained his title and estate as the Comte de la Fère]] and Aramis, now a priest, refuse. [[spoiler:Athos and Aramis are members of the Fronde, the anti-Mazarin rebellion.]] After a few chapters, they are kicking ass together again.
* RoaringRampageOfRevenge: Mordaunt in the second book. [[spoiler:He kills his uncle for disinheriting him, and acts as the executioner for Charles I for the same reason. He also kills the executioner of Lille for murdering Milady (while posing as a monk and denying him absolution!). He then spends the rest of the book trying to kill the Musketeers.]]
* RookieRedRanger: d'Artagnan in the first book, Raoul, the protagonist among the newer generation, in the first sequel.
* RoyalBrat: Louis XIV in ''Le Vicomte de Bragelonne'', at least in Athos' eyes. The former Musketeer is not afraid to confront him and delivers an awesome [[WhatTheHellHero What the Hell, Your Majesty?]] speech.
* SaveTheVillain: Played straight and then subverted in the second book. [[spoiler:Athos [[StupidGood tries to save the drowning Mordaunt]]. Mordaunt drags him under water, and Athos is ultimately forced to stab him to escape.]]
%%* SexyPriest: Aramis.
* ShootTheDangerousMinion: Richelieu is happy for this reason when the heroes kill Milady and gives D'Artagnan a promotion/job as a reward. While the Cardinal was willing to use her services, he's AffablyEvil, whereas she was a psycho [[TheVamp vamp]] and thus he was happy to be rid of her.
* ShotInTheAss: Poor Mousqueton has this happen to him on ''two separate occasions''. It's PlayedForLaughs.
* SilentSnarker: Grimaud becomes a master of this in the second book, despite Athos having long since lifted his ban on Grimaud speaking.
* SillyReasonForWar: The Duke of Buckingham was willing to go to war with France if diplomatic relations broke down... because it would keep him away from the Queen of France that he was in love with.
* SlaveBrand: Milady de Winter has a brand marking her as a convicted criminal.
* SpannerInTheWorks: d'Artagnan's plan to rescue Charles goes off without a hitch, having kidnapped or waylaid the city's executioner and his backup. Unfortunately, it turns out Charles was also on Mordaunt's hitlist, and he volunteered for the job.
* SwordFight: Despite being Musketeers, the heroes usually favor their swords. This changes somewhat when we see them on the battlefield. This is justified though by the weapons technology of the time which required a lengthy reloading process between shots.
* TailorMadePrison: In ''Twenty years after'', D'Artagnan and Porthos have been captured on the orders of Cardinal Mazarin and are imprisoned in Rueil Castle. Mazarin requests ''thirty'' extra soldiers to guard exclusively the two "special guests". Unsurprisingly, [[spoiler:they manage to escape anyway]].
* TamperingWithFoodAndDrink: D'Artagnan receives a case of wine along with a note that indicates it's from his fellow musketeers. Before he can drink any of it, an enemy {{mook}} drinks some and dies... it was poisoned wine sent by Milady to kill him.
* TenMinuteRetirement: D'Artagnan in ''The Vicomte de Bragelonne'', three times. The first time to help reinstate Charles II of England, the second time because King Louis has imprisoned Athos in the Bastille, and the third time when he feels betrayed by the King after the siege of Belle-Ile.
* TookALevelInBadass:
** EVERYONE in the sequel ''Twenty Years After'', as a result of CharacterDevelopment. Athos is [[ChildrenRaiseYou wiser]], Porthos is stronger, Aramis is far more cunning, and d'Artagnan has gone from naive to a brilliant strategist. Two of their servants also take a level. Porthos and Aramis's respective servants, however, do not.
** It's obvious that Mous(que)ton, Porthos's servant, has more adventuring experience than the much younger Blaisois.
* TrueCompanions: The Three Musketeers, as denoted by their famous BadassCreed, "One for all, all for one!"
* TheVamp: Milady is incredibly beautiful and knows how to use it to manipulate men, up to and including sex if that's what it takes to achieve her goals. Said goals frequently involve murder, with the man getting disposed of once he outlives his usefulness.
* TimedMission: The Queen's diamonds must be brought back from England in time for the ball where Richelieu intends to publicly expose their absence.
* TiredOfRunning: At the beginning of ''Twenty years after'', Porthos and D'Artagnan are assigned the task of recapturing the Duke of Beaufort who escaped from the Bastille. After a long chase, the Duke decides to stop and fight back.
* TrojanPrisoner: In "Twenty years after", Athos and Aramis are taken prisoner by Porthos and D'Artagnan.
* UnwittingPawn: It's very unlikely Porthos would have gone along with Aramis' plans if he'd known exactly what they entailed.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: Dumas's novel is based on Courtilz's novel, which is ''very'' loosely based on a true story. D'Artagnan was a real man, and even some of the fictional characters are based on real people or at least their names.
* TheVoiceless: Grimaud, by Athos' command. By the second book Athos has given him leave to speak, but by then he's grown used to being quiet. When he does speak, he's [[TerseTalker very monosyllabic]]. When Athos dies in the last book, Grimaud cries without a sound.
* VowOfCelibacy: Two examples of villains who don't respect their vows of celibacy:
** Richelieu, being a cardinal and all, is supposed to be celibate. However, he's revealed to have made unsuccessful advances to the queen, a fact used both to illustrate his character and to add to his motivations (since he's bitter at being rebuffed).
** Milady de Winter is a FemmeFatale who started out as a nun. Her first seduction was of the priest of her convent, whom she convinced to run away with her (and with the convent's sacred chalice).
* WarriorPrince:
** le Grand Condé, a member of the Royal family and an outstanding military commander. His victory at Lens is depicted in ''Twenty years after''.
** Many members of the royal family, from minor or illegitimate branches, serve as commanders in the Fronde. Most side with the anti-Mazarin elements, while Condé works for Mazarin as he sees it as the way to support the king.
* WhatDoesSheSeeInHim: Queen Anne loves Mazarin, for some reason.
* WhatTheHellHero: Athos and d'Artagnan give one or two to Louis XIV due to his romancing Raoul's fiancée.
* WickedCultured: Cardinal Richelieu, just like his RealLife counterpart, is an outstanding politician and diplomat, hardened veteran, poet and playwright.
* WomanScorned: A male example; we learn, fairly late on into the story, that one of the reasons Richelieu is determined to bring down the Queen is because she rejected his love. (Highly unlikely in RealLife, as we have it well on record that Richelieu disliked Anne as much as she did him.)
* WoundedGazelleGambit: Milady presents herself as the victim of Buckingham's sadism to the fanatical John Felton (a Puritan who thinks Buckingham is a hedonist leading England to its ruin), claiming not only that he kidnapped and raped her, but also branded her so that no one would believe her if she talked.
* [[YouKilledMyFather You Killed My Mother]]: Mordaunt. Our heroes try to explain what a murderous bitch Milady was, but Mordaunt makes it clear he just doesn't care.
* YourCheatingHeart: All over the place, although Henrietta in the third book might take the cake. She cheats on her homosexual husband with his brother, his ex-boyfriend, and others.

!!Adaptations and spin-offs with their own pages include:

* ''Film/{{The Three Musketeers|1921}}'' (1921), starring Creator/DouglasFairbanks as D'Artagnan
** ''Film/TheIronMask'', its sequel, and Fairbanks's last silent film
* ''Film/TheThreeMusketeers1973'', ''The Four Musketeers'' (1974) and ''The Return of the Musketeers'' (1989).
* ''Film/DArtagnanAndThreeMusketeers'' (1978)
* ''WesternAnimation/DogtanianAndTheThreeMuskehounds'' (1981)
* ''Anime/TheThreeMusketeers'' (1987)
* ''WesternAnimation/AlbertTheFifthMusketeer'' (1993)
* ''[[Film/TheThreeMusketeers1993 The Three Musketeers]]'' (1993)
* ''Film/TheMusketeer'' (2001)
* ''WesternAnimation/MickeyDonaldGoofyTheThreeMusketeers'' (2004)
* ''Series/YoungBlades'' (2005)
* ''WesternAnimation/BarbieAndTheThreeMusketeers'' (2009)
* ''[[Film/TheThreeMusketeers2011 The Three Musketeers]]'' (2011)
* ''Series/TheMusketeers'' (2014)
* ''WebVideo/AllForOne'' (2016)

!!Other adaptations provide examples of:

* AnimatedAdaptation:
** There's an anime version, ''Anime San Juushi/Sous le signe des mousquetaires'', which was aired on French and Canadian TV as well.
** There was also one from Golden Films.
* DeathByAdaptation: Rochefort is usually killed in a climatic duel with d'Artagnan. In the book, he lives, and [[GoKartingWithBowser winds up friends with d'Artagnan]].
* EyepatchOfPower: In ''La Fille de d'Artagnan'' worn by [[spoiler:Athos]], although he occasionally switches it from right to left and back because he has two good eyes.
* {{Flynning}}: In every film and stage adaptation, except (and in stark contrast averted) in the 1973 series.
* RaceLift: One of the mascots for the candy bar is black.
* [[SomeoneToRememberHimBy Someone to Remember Her by]]: In ''La Fille de d'Artagnan'' d'Artagnan (Philippe Noiret) is moved almost to tears when he first lays eyes on his now grown-up daughter because she resembles her dead mother Constance so much.
* SpinOffspring:
** ''At Sword's Point'' features the sons of the Musketeers - and one daughter (Athos', played by Maureen O'Hara).
** ''La Fille de d'Artagnan'' (1994) features, naturally enough, d'Artagnan's daughter Eloise, played by Creator/SophieMarceau.
** ''La Femme Musketeer'' (2004) also features D'Artagnan's daughter. Michael York reprises his role as D'Artagnan though it's unconnected to his previous films.


Oh yeah, and they got a candy bar named after them.