[[caption-width-right:263:"There isn't a more profitable undertaking for any country than to declare war on the United States and to be defeated."]]

-> '''Tully:''' Well, Your Grace, we're home. Actually, there's been a slight change of plan. Ah, I know it'll come as a surprise, a pleasant one I hope, but we ... sort of won.
-> '''Sir Rupert:''' You sort of ''what?''
-> '''Tully:''' Well sir, it's a long story, but we captured the Q-Bomb, the most destructive weapon in the world. And we got some prisoners too. Ah, this is Doctor Kokintz, who invented the bomb, this is his daughter, Helen, this is General Snippet, and these are New York policemen. Oh, and, ah, this is the bomb.
-> '''Sir Rupert:''' Blithering idiot!

''The Mouse That Roared'' is a 1955 novel by Irish-American author Leonard Wibberley, which was adapted into a 1959 film starring Creator/PeterSellers, Creator/WilliamHartnell, and Jean Seberg.

Lodged between France and Switzerland lies the Duchy of Grand Fenwick, a [[MicroMonarchy tiny monarchy.]] The local economy is entirely dependent on the one product that Fenwick exports, its trademark Pinot Grand Fenwick wine. However, when an American company throws a copycat product on the market ("Pinot Grand Enwick"), the statelet is threatened by bankruptcy.

To prevent the worst, the Fenwickers devise an ingenious plan: To declare war on the USA, get defeated, and then allow themselves to be reimbursed by American subsidies. Soon, a troop of twenty-four longbowmen in mail armor boards a ship to NewYorkCity with the intent to surrender to the American authorities -- [[SpringtimeForHitler only to run into unexpected obstacles.]]

Like the film ''DrStrangelove'', the book (and later film) ''The Mouse That Roared'' was a farcical look at nuclear politics, though it ended on a far happier note than Kubrick's film. Wibberley wrote four {{sequel}}s to the initial novel: ''Beware of the Mouse'' (1958), ''The Mouse on the Moon'' (1962), ''The Mouse on Wall Street'' (1969), and, finally, ''The Mouse that saved the West'' (1981). Each of them follows the same basic formula -- the Duchy of Grand Fenwick triumphs over the powerful nations of the Earth in some improbable way.

The third novel, ''The Mouse on the Moon'' was made into another film in 1963 and features Grand Fenwick winning the TheSpaceRace.
!! The novel and film of ''The Mouse That Roared'' include examples of:

* ActingForTwo: Peter Sellers plays three different roles in the film. Lampshaded by the film itself, with the joke that the founder of Grand Fenwick was, in every possible sense, the "father of his country."
* AlliterativeName: The "Tiny Twenty".
* DoomsdayDevice: [[spoiler: It works in the most effective way: everyone's afraid of it going off... and it's broken.]]
* DoubleVision
* ElementsDoNotWorkThatWay
* EmptyQuiver: Grand Fenwick manages to steal the Q-Bomb during its invasion of the USA.
* ImNotHungry
* InvadedStatesOfAmerica: Sort of. Fenwick decides to invade the United States in order to have them rebuild their country after surrendering, [[SpringtimeForHitler but...]]
* LoadsAndLoadsOfRoles
* MadScientistsBeautifulDaughter: Helen Kokintz, except that her father is not mad. (It should be noted that Helen [[CanonForeigner did not exist in the original novel]]...)
* MicroMonarchy / {{Ruritania}} : Grand Fenwick. Exploring all the possibilities of this setting is arguably the ''raison d'etre'' of the ''Mouse'' series, making it a candidate for TropeCodifier.
* MistakenForAliens
* TheNounWhoVerbed: The title.
* Creator/PeterSellers
* PlacebotinumEffect [[spoiler:Possibly subverted at the end of the movie, as the Q-Bomb's lights flicker on after a mouse crawls out of the "dud".]]
* SpringtimeForHitler: The original plot to lose the war. But also...
** In one of the sequel books, ''The Mouse on Wall Street'', Fenwick has become wealthy due to part of the settlement of the aforementioned war. However, the Duchess feels that this newfound wealth is corrupting Fenwick's idyllic lifestyle, so she sets out to lose it all on the stock market by picking stocks at random (by throwing darts at the financial section of the paper). However, when other Wall Street traders notice Fenwick is investing heavily in a particular stock, the traders conclude the Duchess must have inside information and immediately invest themselves, driving the price of that stock higher and earning Fenwick even more money. [[spoiler:In the end, she sells off all the stocks for cash, has the cash shipped back to Fenwick, and secretly burns it.]]
** ''The Mouse fill-in-the-scenario'' film series ran on this trope. In ''The Mouse'' ''[[RecycledInSpace On The Moon.]]'' the prime Minister of the Duchy of Grand Fenwick, desperate for indoor plumbing, tries to milk aid out of the US after their main export of wine has turned explosive by asking for cash for a space program. The US, seeing a cheap way to look like they are helping to make space international without doing something as stupid as helping another nation get an advantage over them in the space race by funding someone competent, gives them a million dollars. Keen to top this, the [[SovietRussia Soviets]] send them an old rocket, which the PM plans to turn into a boiler for the new hot water system. The Scientist from ''The Mouse That Roared'' discovers how to make an anti-gravity mix out of [[ItMakesSenseInContext the explosive wine]] and without telling the PM that he is really planning to go to the moon, takes off successfully
* TalkingToHimself
* UncannyFamilyResemblance: The movie opening states that if some Fenwickians seem remarkably alike (while showing the Grand Duchess Gloriana, the Prime Minister Mountjoy, and Tully Bascombe, all of whom are played by Creator/PeterSellers, along with a statue of Grand Fenwick's founder), it is because Sir Roger Fenwick "was in every possible way, the father of his country."