Literature: The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe aka: The Lion The Witchandthe Wardrobe
The first written, first published, second book chronologically and the most famous of the seven books of The Chronicles of Narnia.Some forty years after the events of the prequelThe Magician's Nephew, four siblings (Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy Pevensie) pass through a magical wardrobe owned by "Professor Kirke" into the land of Narnia which has been cursed with eternal winter by Jadis, the White Witch, who calls herself the "queen" of Narnia. In accordance with the prophecy, the children, helped by Aslan (Turkish for "Lion"), defeat her, and are jointly crowned as the four Kings and Queens of Narnia. After fourteen years, the children accidentally return through the wardrobe, reverting to childhood.The action of The Horse and His Boy takes place during their reign.
This book provides examples of:
Adult Fear: In the Walden Media version of the movie, Peter uses his sword to split the ice on a frozen river to allow him and his sisters to escape the White Witch's wolves. He and Susan wash ashore and begin picking themselves up. Susan suddenly looks around and asks where Lucy is. Peter realizes that he is holding Lucy's empty jacket and Susan positively shrieks "What have you done?!" Fortunately Lucy turns up shortly, perfectly fine except for being cold and asks if they've seen her coat.
Dwarfs, Wolves, Minotaurs, Hags, Harpies, Giants and all the other races that are loyal to the witch. This would technically make them evil but these races probably obey the witch because none of them are brave enough to try to backstab her and usurp the throne for themselves. This is later subverted by dwarfs, a giant, and even wolves rescued from the Witch's castle, who later fight for Aslan.
The movie had the dwarfs divided between sides.
In this, it's being true to the later books. Prince Caspian and The Last Battle have dwarfs divided between the sides of good (Trumpkin, Poggin) and evil (Nikabrik in Caspian and the rebels in The Last Battle). The dwarfs' appearances in other books are even farther from the doctrine of dwarfish depravity; indeed, if you only read those books you'd think the dwarfs are just another of the many Always Lawful Good races in Narnia.
Giants are also divided between good and evil in later books.
Susan in the Walden Media film remarks that a beaver shouldn't be speaking, never mind that she's just travelled through a wardrobe into a magical land.
Lucy, when she first comes to Narnia, wonders why there's a street light in the middle of the forest... a forest she discovered inside of a wardrobe.
As You Know: Done in an aside from the narrative, as Lewis notes several times that his readers all know better than to shut themselves into a wardrobe. This was probably done to avoid inspiring kids to lock themselves in by mistake. See also Don't Try This at Home.
Ironically, one of the outakes from the 2013 film shows the actor of Edmund shutting the door behind him as he climbs into the wardrobe...and demonstrating why Lewis was careful to emphasise the warning against doing that.
Author Avatar: People who know about Lewis's life story will recognise definite parallels between him and the grumpy professor the children go to stay with.
Bound and Gagged: In the 2005 film adaptation, Edmund winds up tied to a tree and gagged mid-way, as Ginabrik taunts him on his upcoming fate. When Aslan sends his army to follow a wolf after Maugrim is killed, they manage to rescue Edmund... and make Ginabrik take his place as the tied-up individual.
Break the Haughty: Edmund starts off arrogant and becomes more so under the witch's influence. Then she decides he's more useful as a prisoner.
Creepy Souvenir: The whole garden of people/animals the White Witch has turned into stone. In the Walden Media film version, she also wears Aslan's shaved-off mane into battle.
Crystal Dragon Jesus: Aslan, AKA "Lion Jesus". He's the son of "The Emperor Across the Sea" and enacts Christ's Passion to save a sinner.
Dreaming of a White Christmas: Averted in that in Narnia, it is always winter and never Christmas and when Christmas finally does come, it heralds a thaw.
Dub Name Change: Maugrim, the wolf servant of the White Witch, had his name changed to Fenris Ulf in earlier American editions (which also changed Peter's first title from "Wolfsbane" to "Fenrisbane"). Then they went back to using Maugrim.
Endless Winter: The White Witch casts a spell on Narnia so that it is always winter but never Christmas.
Evil Albino: The White Witch is deathly pale. It's implied this is because she's not human; only looks the part.
Evil Is Deathly Cold: The White Witch, and her effects on the Narnian environment, are all cold, and evil.
Faux Action Girl: Susan. She's an archer, and at least in the film, a good one. Yet she's never part of any of the battle scenes, being limited to calling for Peter's help and shooting one stray dwarf in the ending.
First Name Basis: We only find out the children's last name in later books (it's "Pevensie").
Furry Confusion: The BBC Series has people in animal costumes, actual animals and animated creatures all on the screen at once. At one point, Maugrim even appears to shapeshift into a regular wolf, though he's supposed to be a regular wolf anyways.
Genre Savvy: All the Pevensies, seeing as they're children who are pretty familiar with fairytales, and (rightly) assume a fairytale world will work according to fairytale rules. For example, their decision to follow the robin is based on Peter's observation that robins are always good birds in books.
Good Animals, Evil Animals: The book splits talking beasts more or less along the standard lines between those on the side of the Witch and those on the side of Aslan. This doesn't show up so much in the rest of the series when Narnia was united, but "evil" animals don't show up much at all then.
Grim Up North: It's grim everywhere in Narnia due to the Hundred Year Winter, but particularly near the Witch's Castle in the north.
Hollywood Tactics: The Walden movie. You've an entire air force of griffons armed with rocks; do you fly them far above arrow range and just start dropping rocks on the charge to scatter it, or do you neatly line them up to Jadis' crossbows so they can try taking out individual soldiers? The Griffins dropping rocks would make sense because Peter, being the General for the battle, brought knowledge of bombers with him. How good of knowledge is the issue here as he isn't versed in military tactics.
All of Peter's tactics are terrible. He wastes most of his best fighters on a pointless charge into the heart of the enemy army when they are already charging into terrain that favors his more organized forces and nullifies the enemy numbers advantage. Then when that force is broken and has retreated he has no flankers to cut off the Queen and her vanguard when they follow them into the ravine. This is in contrast to the book, where he had actually nearly won the battle by the time Aslan and reinforcements showed up through superior tactics and Edmond destroying Jadis' wand.
Ice Palace: The Witch's castle was created by her own power.
Limited Wardrobe, ironically: Examining the pictures closely reveals that the children are always wearing the same clothes (bar the addition of fur coats for the third entry to Narnia) despite the early chapters of the book taking place over several days. Perhaps justified, given the time period the book is set in.
Men Are the Expendable Gender: Father Christmas infamously tells Susan and Lucy, "Battles are ugly when women fight." This is why Peter gets a sword, Susan gets a bow, and Lucy a dagger (self-defense only).
The Marvelous Deer: The wish-granting stag — that is not caught. Instead the hunt sends them back home.
Edmund's reaction when the White Witch turns a dinner party to stone for refusing to deny it was provided by Father Christmas over his protests. At that point, Edmund realizes the evil he has sided with and wishes with all his heart that he could undo what he has done. Fortunately, Aslan later helps him do just that.
Mr. Tumnus reaches it immediately when he tries to kidnap Lucy for the Witch. Since he's a nice guy who was only doing it on pain of being turned to stone, she's able to talk him out of it.
My Rule Fu Is Stronger than Yours: Aslan and Jadis argue about the Deep Magic and she seems to win. In the end it turns out there are things he knows about it that she doesn't.
Noodle Incident: The talk Aslan gives to Edmund after his Heel-Face Turn. The narrator tells us it's a moment that belongs to only the two of them, and he won't intrude.
Running Gag: The first few chapters are insistent on reminding you what a very foolish thing it is to lock oneself into a wardrobe. It's said that Lewis wrote this in so that young readers playing pretend would not lock themselves in real-life wardrobes. In one of the movie's Hilarious Outtakes, Skander Keyes (Edmund) does get himself locked in the wardrobe.
Savage Wolves: Maugrim and his pack work for the witch as a secret police and enforcers.
Sibling Rivalry: Edmund and Lucy, with more on Edmund's part, due to the fact that he enjoys tormenting her. Fortunately, they got better.
Skewed Priorities: Coupled with Values Dissonance. Father Christmas says to Susan "battles are ugly when women fight". He's saying she shouldn't fight because she's a girl, as opposed to because she's just a child. It's fine for Peter to fight in battle when he's only a year or so older than her. (Lucy gets a dagger to defend herself. Edmund isn't present to be compared with). However, Susan gets a bow and arrows. This may be Fair for Its Day, considering that even the U.S. military didn't allow women in combat zones at all until the 1990s.
Tender Tears: Susan and Lucy shed these during Aslan's Passion.
"They Still Belong to Us" Lecture: The Witch tries to reclaim Edmund after his Heel-Face Turn by telling the other heroes that he is a traitor and his blood is her property. The problem is, according to the laws of magic in Narnia, she's right. This is why Aslan has to sacrifice himself in Edmund's place.
This Is Something He's Got to Do Himself: Aslan tells the others to stay back and let Peter fight Maugrim alone. It directly echoes the story of Edward III saying of his son, the Black Prince, at the Battle of Crécy, "Let the boy win his spurs." (The spurs were a symbol of knighthood.)
Transhuman Treachery: Mr. Beaver invokes this trope as he advises the Pevensie children that if something claims to be, used to be, or may become human, "keep an eye on it and feel for your hatchet."
The Vamp: The White Witch for Edmund but with candy instead of sex.
Victory Guided Amnesia: After being crowned Kings and Queens of Narnia, the children slowly forget their old life on Earth — until one day, while out riding...
Weapon of Choice: Father Christmas's gifts to Peter, Susan, and Lucy include a sword and shield, a bow and quiver of arrows, and a dagger respectively.
What Happened to the Mouse?: The animals having a dinner party before being turned to stone by the Witch (leading to Edmund's Heel-Face Turn) are never mentioned again. Lewis was even asked about this by one of his readers (or the reader's mom) and hastily wrote back a Word of God that of course the animals at the dinner party got turned back, just not on stage, and he was very sorry the child was distressed about the issue.
Also, the Dwarf that drives the Witch's sleigh is a fairly prominent aspect of the story, yet his fate goes unaccounted for in the book. In the film, he gets shot by Susan in his attempt to finish off an injured Edmund.
Winter Royal Lady: Although not fitting the title part of the trope, Jadis fits the other parts; calls herself queen, dresses in winter colors and styles etc.
World War II: In the background; treated more prominently in the first film. The kids are in the Professor's house in the first place because they were sent into the country to get away from places that might be bombed.
You Imagined It: Averted; none of the Pevensies were concussed or on hallucinogens at the time. The narrative suggests Lucy invoking this at the start but she won't because she's too truthful.