The Cruel Sea
is a novel about life on a Flower-class corvette
in the Royal Navy in World War II
, written by Nicholas Monsarrat.
The main plot focuses on two Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve
Sub-Lieutenants, Lockhart and Ferraby, although the novel portrays point of view of a number of other crew members, including Commander Ericson, Lieutenant Morell, Chief Engine Room Artificer Watts and Petty Officer Tallow. The crew of the corvette HMS Compass Rose
are subjected to all of the discomfort, boredom, and occasional horror of the Battle of the Atlantic. The plot comes to a head when Compass Rose
is torpedoed by a German U-boat, and the survivors are reassigned to the River-class frigate Saltash
. They survive the war having sunk three U-boats in five years of nearly continuous combat.
The novel was adapted into an Ealing Studios
film in 1953, starring Jack Hawkins and Donald Sinden.
This novel and film provides examples of:
- Attack Pattern Alpha: In the film, the crew refer to "pattern Baker" when adjusting the settings for the depth-charges during attacks on U-boats.
- Author Avatar: Lockhart in the book. Like him Montsarrat was a journalist-turned RNVR officer, who was also promoted to First Lieutenant.
- Artistic License - Ships: Averted in the book, but zig-zagged in the film. The Compass Rose is portrayed by the Real Life Flower-class corvette HMS Coreopsis,note and the River-class Saltash is changed to the Castle-class Saltash Castle, as the film-makers couldn't get a hold of an actual River-class frigate. The German U-boats encountered in the film, however are played by a Royal Navy S-class submarine.note
- Brits with Battleships: Brits in corvettes, for the most part.
- Ensign Newbie: Ferraby and Lockhart. Lockhart gets better rather faster than Ferraby does.
- Drowning My Sorrows: Ericson does this to cope with the guilt of attacking a U-boat that was hiding under shipwrecked British sailors.
- Face Death with Dignity: In the book, played straight by Tallow, Tonbridge, Wainwright and Wells; averted by Watts, Gregg, and Carslake.
- Fluffy the Terrible: As the name says, the "Flower" class Corvettes were all named for kinds of flowers. It is specifically mentioned that the Navy had made sure "Pansy" was not on the list.
- Foregone Conclusion: We are told on the first page that Compass Rose will sink and be replaced.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: Ericson and Lockhart, to the extent that Lockhart passes up the chance of commanding his own corvette, in order to remain Ericson's second-in-command.
- Miles Gloriosus: First Lieutenant Bennett in the book. After doing little more than bullying his subordinates, and shirking as many duties as he can, he is invalided off Compass Rose with a duodenal ulcer (which is implied to be faked) A conversation with another Australian officer reveals that he went on a speaking tour of his home country where he claimed to have commanded the ship single handed after Ericson was injured in battle.
- The Neidermeyer: Bennett, a lazy bully. He bullies Ferraby in particular, because Bennett thinks it's fun.