A Simon Wiesenthal Center operative finds something big. All around the world.

A 1976 novel by Creator/IraLevin, it was adapted into a 1978 film directed by Franklin J. Schaffner, starring Creator/LaurenceOlivier (in his last AcademyAward-nominated role) as Nazi hunter Ezra Lieberman and Creator/GregoryPeck as Dr Josef Mengele. The score, which was also nominated for an Oscar, was composed by Music/JerryGoldsmith.

The novel and film are a speculative fiction type story involving infamous real-life Nazi scientist Mengele (known as the "Angel of Death" for the extent of death he inflicted upon his victims during the Holocaust) trying to resurrect the Third Reich by cloning Hitler and recreating the events of his youth in order to make sure his Hitler Clones become as much like the original as possible.

Unfortunately for him, Mengele has a group of devoted {{Nazi Hunter}}s on his trail...

!!Tropes featured in this work include:

* AllYourBaseAreBelongToUs: Villainous example, as Mengele's superiors torch his base and kill his men.
* AndStarring: "And Introducing Jeremy Black." Black never had another screen credit, though he did do some stage work.
* AngryGuardDog: The Wheelock family has about a dozen well-trained dobermans.
* ApocalypseHitler
* ArgentinaIsNaziland: Paraguay and Brazil, in this case.
* CarFu: In the film, one of the assassins uses his car as a weapon to murder a German postman.
* CassandraTruth: Mengele tells one of the Hitler clones his true origins. It fails.
* ChildrenAreInnocent: In spite of the fact that most of the boys from Brazil are clearly budding sociopaths, Lieberman is against their assassination, since they haven't committed any crimes.
* CloningGambit: Mengele's plot is to create new, original Hitlers by cloning him and recreating his upbringing.
* CrazyPrepared: Their back up plans have back up plans.
* CreepyBlueEyes: The Paraguayans in Mengele's compound and all of the cloned Hitlers.
* DatedHistory: The movie puts Mengele in Paraguay (though the mothers of the kids are Brazilian), his speculated real life location. He truly went there for sometime, but in the 1970s he was ''really'' in Brazil (where he died in 1979, meaning that besides the deteriorated health he could have seen the movie).
* DecoyProtagonist: Barry in the movie.
* TheEndOrIsIt: There are still 95 clones of Hitler all over, ticking timebombs. And it's heavily implied that Mengele's scheme ''worked'', as one of the Hitler clones is seen drawing a stadium full of people cheering a "great man".
-->He could hear the people cheering, roaring; a beautiful growing love-thunder that built and built, and then pounded, pounded, pounded, pounded.\\
Sort of like in those old Hitler movies.
* ExpendableClone: Averted. While Mengele's superiors want the project scrapped, Mengele's very aware that his clones are aging in real time, and that each is irreplaceable - especially since re-creating the original through upbringing is largely a manner of luck.
* EvilDetectingDog: The dogs don't like Mengele.
* FailureHero
* GoneHorriblyRight: Mengele suddenly finds himself wishing that his cloned Hitlers weren't quite so sadistic.
* HoistByHisOwnPetard:
** Mengele finds himself at the mercy of one of his cloned Hitlers. Oops.
** Earlier in the movie, one of the Nazi assassins expresses doubts over his mission to an old comrade, who advises him to go ahead. Turns out he's the man meant to be killed.
* HuntingAccident: One of the parents' murders is disguised as such.
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade:
** Josef Mengele goes from, essentially, a psychotic State-sponsored SerialKiller who was, in reality, a totally incompetent scientist; to the DiabolicalMastermind behind both a cloning project at least a century ahead of its time, and an elaborate political scheme to recreate the Third Reich.
** A DiscussedTrope when it comes to UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler, in the sense that merely creating a clone of him (and raising him in a near-identical way) is enough to potentially bring about TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt. If nothing else, he is [[TheDreaded dreaded]] enough that everyone fears this outcome. Social, political, economic factors and everything else be damned! So much so that Gorin wants them all killed.
--->'''Liebermann''': ''I say in my talks it takes two things to make it happen again, a new Hitler and social conditions like in the thirties. But that's not true. It takes three things: the Hitler, the conditions... and the people to follow the Hitler.''
* KarmicDeath: Mengele dies at the hands of one of his precious clones (who sics lethal guard dogs on him.)
* KickTheSonOfABitch: Mengele kills Bobby's father, an unrepentant racist.
* LargeHam: Both protagonists are enjoying their roles, particularly Peck.
* MakeItLookLikeAnAccident
* NaziHunter
* OhCrap: Mengele has an epic one on his face throughout his death scene, as he realizes the dogs are going to tear him apart and the only one who can stop it is the Hitler clone, who's clearly enjoying every minute.
* OohMeAccentsSlipping: James Mason has a truly fake attempt at a German accent.
* SecondaryCharacterTitle
* SocietyMarchesOn: The description of cloning is painstakingly detailed, as the concept was relegated to more futuristic scifi at the movie's release.
** Also subverted, as the description remains far more accurate than most most examples of cloning in Hollywood.
* StatingTheSimpleSolution: Mengele asks his superiors why he can't "[[WhyDontYouJustShootHim just shoot him]]", only to be denied...
* WhatTheHellHero: The NaziHunter tells off Liebermann for burning the list of cloned Hitlers, saying it was stupid old fools like him who allowed the Holocaust to happen. Liebermann replies that it was Nazis, "who would kill even children to get their way."
* YouClonedHitler: Probably the TropeCodifier.
* YouKilledMyFather: The Nazis plan is to kill the boys' fathers to replicate Hitler's origin story. But one of them, after knowing Mengele killed his old man, sends the dogs to attack him.