->''[Tom] was not the Model Boy of the village. He knew the model boy very well though -- and loathed him.''
-->-- '''Chapter 1'''

A classic novel written by American novelist Creator/MarkTwain (Samuel Clemens).

''The Adventures of Tom Sawyer'' is about [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the young Tom Sawyer and his adventures]] growing up in the mid-western United States of the 1840s, specifically, the mythical St. Petersburg, Missouri. (The town is based on Twain's own Hannibal.) Tom and his buddies, particularly the local drunk's son Huckleberry Finn, chafe under the restrictions of elders and are always out for storybook-style escapades -- whether it's trying to conduct a superstitious wart-removing ritual in a graveyard, treasure hunting, or a stint at piracy. But they stumble into true danger as well -- Tom and Huck become witnesses to a murder committed by the sinister Injun Joe, and later Tom and sweet but feisty Becky Thatcher get lost in a massive cave...

This slice of Americana is also the precursor to the even more critically acclaimed ''Literature/AdventuresOfHuckleberryFinn''.

The book is in public domain, and the full text is available online at [[http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/74 Project Gutenberg]].

There have been many adaptations of this novel over the years: Films for the big and small screens (in 1973 alone it yielded both a big-screen musical and a MadeForTVMovie), a short-lived [[Theatre/TheAdventuresOfTomSawyer Broadway musical in 2001]], a DirectToVideo [[WesternAnimation/TomSawyer2000 animated version]] with a FunnyAnimal cast, and an anime version for ''Anime/WorldMasterpieceTheater''. Believe it or not, it's even been adapted into two games for the [[UsefulNotes/NintendoEntertainmentSystem NES]]. One is a PlatformGame developed by SETA and the other is a RolePlayingGame by [[Creator/SquareEnix Square]] that wasn't exported beyond Japan.


* AbusiveParents: Huck's dad.
* TheAlcoholic: Huck's dad, Muff Potter, and Injun Joe.
* AgeAppropriateAngst
* AnnoyingYoungerSibling: Sid.
* TheArtfulDodger: Huckleberry Finn.
* AttendingYourOwnFuneral: A strong contender for the TropeCodifier.
* BarefootPoverty: Tom envies Literature/HuckleberryFinn for not having to wear shoes. Huck ''does'' own shoes, but until he's adopted no one cares about him enough to make him wear them, so he only does when it's cold.
** But then, once Huck does receive shoes from Widow Douglas, he can't stand wearing them all the time.
* BeautifulDreamer: Tom watches Becky drowsing off to peaceful slumber in the cave.
* [[BigBrotherInstinct Big Sister Instinct]]: Mary to Tom (especially) and Sid.
* BoltOfDivineRetribution: Referenced: Injun Joe lies about the murder he committed, and Tom and Huck fully expect him to be struck down by divine lightning and are very surprised when he isn't. A briefer episode sees Tom missing out on a religious revival in St. Petersburg, and consequently thinking that a passing thunderstorm is out to get him.
* BoysLikeCreepyCritters: While Tom is in church he plays with a "pinchbug" ("large black beetle with formidable jaws") he had caught earlier. Later on he plays with it again at school, aided by his friend Joe Harper.
* BreakOutCharacter: Huckleberry Finn.
* CatConcerto: [[InvokedTrope Invoked]]; Huck complains about a time that he had to stand around [[NobodyHereButUsBirds meowing to signal Tom]] until a guy started throwing rocks at him through a window and exclaiming, "Dern that cat!"
* ChildhoodMarriagePromise: Tom and Becky do this. Then Becky is heartbroken when she finds out that Tom has, in fact, been engaged before.
* CoolOldGuy: The old Welshman, whom Huck gets to come and rescue Widow Douglas. He's a genial fellow who after the event becomes one of Huck's staunchest supporters.
* {{Delinquents}}: Huck is seen as this by the rest of the town; naturally, Tom and his friends idolize Huck.
* DisappearedDad: We are told Tom's mother has passed away, though not when or how. What happened to his father -- and for that matter what happened to Sid and Mary's dad -- is never explained.
* DisappointedInYou: There is a passage where Aunt Polly starts crying and berating Tom. He thinks that for a moment, he hoped she'd just beat him.
* DoesNotLikeShoes: Both Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn.
* DracoInLeatherPants: [[{{In-Universe}} In story]], there are women who treat Injun Joe like this and want him pardoned.
* FencePainting: TropeNamer. Tom convinces one boy after another that he ''[[ReversePsychology likes]]'' whitewashing the fence, whereupon they trade knickknacks for a chance to take part. [[http://www.pbs.org/marktwain/learnmore/writings_tom.html Read it in all its glory.]]
* ForcedIntoTheirSundayBest: Tom in an early chapter, and later [[spoiler:Huck when the widow tries to civilize him]].
* FreeRangeChildren: To the extent that parents only worry if their kids don't come home for two or three nights in a row. After a local girl's birthday party, one of the planned activities was letting the kids wander through a cave and its elaborate system of unexplored tunnels, a cave where more than a few people have gotten lost and died.
* FreudianTrio: Tom (ego), Huck (id), Becky (superego).
* FullNameUltimatum: Tom's schoolteacher calls him "Thomas Sawyer" when he's late. This gets [[LampshadeHanging Lampshaded]].
** Played with during the courtroom scene when Tom is called to the witness stand by his full name, surprising a '''lot''' of the people present at the trial for the murder mentioned below.
* GirlNextDoor: Becky Thatcher
* GraveRobbing: This is what Dr. Robinson, Injun Joe and Muff Potter are doing in the graveyard until Joe murders Robinson. (Presumably for medical research, as the ringleader is a doctor.)
* GuileHero: Tom Sawyer
* HaveAGayOldTime: The usual 19th-century usages of "gay" and "ejaculation" are peppered throughout the book.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: Tom with Joe Harper (earlier in the story) and Huck Finn (later).
* InconvenientItch: This happens to Tom Sawyer when he is trying to hide silently in the dark.
* InsanityDefense: [[spoiler:Muff Potter's lawyer said to the jury he wanted to introduce this defense in account of his client's drunkness before making Tom and Huck testify.]]
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Tom. He's quite often a terrible {{Jerkass}}, but all of these instances spring from thoughtlessness rather than any actual malice. When it comes down to it, he actually has a very powerful conscience and never wishes any ''serious'' harm on anyone. Perhaps most telling is Aunt Polly's comment to herself when she discovers the letter he was planning on giving her:
-->"I could forgive the boy, now, if he'd committed a million sins!"
* TheLoad: Becky panics so much when she and Tom get lost in the cave that she becomes this.
* LoveableRogue: Tom is one of the first juvenile examples in American fiction.
* MixedAncestry: Injun Joe. He's even called "Half-Breed" several times.
* MutualEnvy: Both Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn put each other on pedestals, thinking the other the smartest person they know and wishing that they had the other's life.
* NobodyHereButUsBirds: Tom and Huck use cat cries to signal each other.
* OperationJealousy: Tom and Becky do this on each other.
* ParentalAbandonment: Huck's dad skipped town and left him to live on the streets. Huck is fine with this--[[AbusiveParents his only fear is that his dad will show up again]]. Which he does, in ''Literature/HuckleberryFinn''.
* ParentalSubstitute: Tom lives with his maternal aunt and her family after the death of his mother.
* ThePiratesWhoDontDoAnything: Tom and his friends on their pirate adventure.
--> As Twain notes, "So they inwardly resolved that so long as they remained in the business, their piracies should not again be sullied with the crime of stealing."
* PerformanceAnxiety: Halfway through a strong recitation of Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death" speech, Tom is overcome with stage fright.
* PuppyLove: Tom and Becky, of course.
* RelaxOVision: Tom once again tricks his fellow boys by winning a prize for Bible memorization in school, but doesn't expect that his teachers will actually test him on it. When asked who the first two disciples were, Tom panics and answers "[[DavidVersusGoliath David and Goliath]]". The narrator interjects with "Let us draw the curtain of charity over the rest of the scene." End of chapter.
* SternTeacher: Mr. Dobbins. When it comes to Tom, whom he whips whenever he has a chance, he comes across as a SadisticTeacher.
* SympathyForTheDevil: [[spoiler: When Injun Joe's corpse is found in the caves, Tom feels bad for him, since he knows what it's like being trapped in the cave.]]
* TakingTheHeat: Becky takes a peek on Mr. Dobbins's book and rips it by accident. When Dobbins is interrogating the kids to find out who did it, Tom says he's the one and takes the CorporalPunishment. (Which also places him back in Becky's good graces after a fight between them.)
* TheSavageIndian: Injun Joe
* TheToothHurts: Tom has a toothache and Aunt Polly decides the tooth has to come out. She ties one end of a string to the tooth and the other end to a bedpost, then frightens Tom with a hot coal. When Tom jerks away, the string yanks out the tooth.
* TreasureMap: In the sense of cryptographic signs; when Injun Joe and his accomplice are discussing where to move the Murrel gang loot, Joe says "We'll take it to my den…. Number Two—under the cross." The boys spend a good part of the rest of the book trying to find it. [[spoiler: They do.]]
* {{Tsundere}}: Becky is a type A.