[[caption-width-right:320:Raggedy Ann and Andy.]]

''Raggedy Ann'' was a series of storybooks, introduced by American writer and illustrator Johnny Gruelle in 1918, about the adventures of a living rag doll. Gruelle based the stories on a ragdoll he gave to his daughter, Marcella, who also became a character in the books as Raggedy Ann's owner. Seeing the possibilities with the character, the Gruelle family went on to market a line of Raggedy Ann rag dolls that have, arguably, become far better known than the books.

Following Gruelle's death in 1938, the book series continued under other authors and illustrators (though still credited to Gruelle) into the 1970s. Raggedy Ann and her adventures were also adapted into animation several times, including Creator/FleischerStudios[=/=]Creator/FamousStudios animated shorts, [[WesternAnimation/TheGreatSantaClausCaper Christmas]] and Halloween specials crafted by Creator/ChuckJones, a little-known animated series from the late 1980s and early 1990s, and even [[WesternAnimation/RaggedyAnnAndAndyAMusicalAdventure a big-screen movie]].

Raggedy Ann herself is a gentle but adventurous rag doll with a kind heart, literally. She actually has a candy heart, with the inscription [[AC:I Love You]], sewn into her chest. Raggedy Ann is considered the leader of Marcella's toys, due to the fact that Marcella carries her everywhere, so Ann has seen more of the world than any of the other toys.

Raggedy Andy was introduced as Ann's brother in the second book and has been by her side ever since. He's a bold, adventurous type, and more mischievous and rash than his sister. Andy is fiercely loyal to Ann, and he is always there to look out for her.

Over the years, several other characters were introduced to round out the family. They included dogs, cats, a raggedy baby and even a camel with wrinkled knees.

!!''Raggedy Ann'' contains examples of:
* AdaptationDistillation: The big-screen movie, ''WesternAnimation/RaggedyAnnAndAndyAMusicalAdventure''. It was made at the end of the 1970s and is seriously weird and trippy. Although, in a case of OlderThanTheyThink, at least some of the weird and trippy elements are taken from the books!
* AudienceParticipation: In the Christmas special, the Big Bad Wolf and all of Santa's toys became trapped in an unbreakable substance. Ann and Andy break the fourth wall and call upon the audience to use ThePowerOfLove to fix everything.
* {{Bowdlerise}}: While her portrayal was positive, you'll never see the mammy doll, Beloved Belindy, in modern printings. The same goes for the black maid, who was rather racist in portrayal.
* DarkerAndEdgier: The 1984 stage musical ''Rag Dolly'' (with Ivy Austin as Raggedy Ann) was initially going to be based on the animated movie, but ended up as a much darker take on the story, featuring Marcella as a [[IllGirl dying girl]] with a [[MissingMom mother who abandoned her]] and a [[AlcoholicParent father who's an alcoholic]], and the fear of death is a prominent theme. Even the song ''I'm Just A Rag Dolly'', one of the two songs reprised from the movie, had been given new lyrics and had gone from being a friendly welcoming song to a song about feeling lost and hopeless. The show was a big hit in Russia, but bombed on Broadway, closing down after only five performances.
* TheEeyore: The camel with the wrinkled knees, especially in the movie. He had a different personality in the book. There, he was described as absent-minded and strange, but sure of himself. He also changed colors depending what story he's in. (White in the book, brown in the Fleischer cartoon, blue in the movie and TV series.)
* {{Expy}}: In the Creator/ChuckJones holiday special, Ann and Andy end up saving Christmas from the Wile E. Coyote-esque "Alexander Graham Wolf".
* FieryRedhead:
** Raggedy Ann
** Raggedy Andy
* LivingToy: The whole point of the books. The stories are the adventures of a living rag doll, who is gentle yet adventurous.
* ThePowerOfLove: What Raggedy Ann uses in the holiday special to dissolve a seemingly unbreakable substance called "Goopstik".