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'''Philip Marlowe''' is the creation of Creator/RaymondChandler, and an original TropeCodifier of the [[HardboiledDetective Hardboiled]] PrivateDetective archetype. While his first official appearance was in the 1939 novel ''Literature/TheBigSleep,'' Chandler later adapted some of his short stories about similar detectives into longer novels.

InAWorld of [[DirtyCop dirty cops]], [[FemmeFatale femme fatales]], and a whole lot of murder, he faces the seamy underbelly of UsefulNotes/LosAngeles with nothing but a gun and his wits -- and they're both pretty quick.

When he's not [[DeadpanSnarker snarking]] or [[SmokingIsCool smoking]], he enjoys a good game of [[SmartPeoplePlayChess chess]] or even some nice poetry.

Marlowe features in the novels ''Literature/TheBigSleep'' (1939), ''Farewell, My Lovely'' (1940), ''The High Window'' (1942), ''The Lady in the Lake'' (1943), ''The Little Sister'' (1949), ''The Long Goodbye'' (1953), and ''Playback'' (1958).

Besides Chandler's works (and some other authors' take on the character as well), Marlowe has appeared in no less than 10 film adaptions, even more television and radio programs, and at least one video game.
!!Works about Philip Marlowe with their own pages:

* 1939: ''Literature/TheBigSleep''

* 1944: ''Film/MurderMySweet''. Based on the novel ''Farewell, My Lovely''. Marlowe is played by Dick Powell.
* 1946: ''Film/TheBigSleep''. This is perhaps the most famous film adaption. Marlowe is played by HumphreyBogart.
* 1973: ''Film/TheLongGoodbye''. Marlowe is played by Elliott Gould. Interestingly, it is not a PeriodPiece, but takes place in TheSeventies, when it was made.
* 1975: ''Film/FarewellMyLovely''. Marlowe is played by Robert Mitchum -- the only actor ever to play Marlowe in two different movies.

!!Philip Marlowe provides examples of the following tropes:

* AccidentalTruth: In one book, intending to express his lack of interest in a case, Marlowe tells a random person that he couldn't care less if they were a previously mentioned long-disappeared killer. This causes most of the book's plot as they mistakenly assume he knows their secret.
* AffablyEvil: For much of the middle of ''Farewell My Lovely'', we hear about Laird Brunette, a gang boss who has the mayor and most of the city administration in his pocket. When Marlowe finally makes contact with Brunette, it turns out he has almost nothing to do with the case; he has bought the mayor, mainly because it's more efficient than paying off a bunch of different officials individually, but he just wants to keep his casino from being raided, and doesn't otherwise interfere in local affairs. He's actually sort of helpful to Marlowe.
* TheAlcoholic: Roger Wade and Terry Lennox of ''The Long Goodbye''. Both are, interestingly, based on aspects of Chandler himself.
** Marlowe himself would be considered an alcoholic by today's standards.
%%* BadassLongcoat
* BelligerentSexualTension: With Vivian Sternwood in ''Literature/TheBigSleep'', and with Linda Loring in ''The Long Goodbye''. (The latter is only in the book.)
%%* BlackAndGreyMorality
* CatApult: In "Finger Man", when the villainous corrupt politician has Marlowe taken to his turf in order to threaten him, Marlowe tosses the villain's pet cat into his face and uses the distraction to grab his revolver and hold him at gunpoint.
* ComicBookTime: While he did get older, he didn't age as much as the intervening years between installments should have allowed for.
* DeadpanSnarker: And ''how.''
* {{Expy}}: Philip Marlowe, protagonist of Chandler's novels, is pretty much John Dalmas, protagonist of Chandler's stories for ''Dime Detective'' magazine, who is pretty much Carmady, protagonist of Chandler's stories for ''Black Mask'' magazine. To the extent that the Dalmas and Carmady stories were subsequently collected and reprinted [[DolledUpInstallment with Marlowe's name substituted for theirs]].
* FakingTheDead: At least two of the novels have one of the murders ([[NeverOneMurder there's always more than one]]) turn out to be this.
%%* FilmNoir
* FixupNovel: The first four Marlowe novels are patched together out of short stories.
%%* TheForties
* FriendOnTheForce: Bernie Ohls, chief investigator for the DA's office. Also, [[UnseenCharacter Violets M'Gee]].
%%* GambitPileup
* GeniusBruiser: Marlowe is tall and about as tough as they come. He's also incredibly street smart, an intelligent detective and has a classical education. He occasionally references some pretty academic subjects that usually confuse whomever he's talking to. His only real hobby seems to be playing chess.
* HorribleHollywood: Features prominently in ''The Little Sister''.
%%* HardboiledDetective
* INeedAFreakingDrink: In ''Farewell, My Lovely'', Marlowe narrates:
-->I needed a drink, I needed a lot of life insurance, I needed a vacation, I needed a home in the country. What I had was a coat, a hat and a gun.
* InVinoVeritas: While Marlowe can certainly hold his liquor, not everyone else can. A frequent tactic of his is to get people to talk to him when they're drunk.
* KnightInSourArmor: He gets positively acidic by the time of ''The Little Sister'' and ''The Long Goodbye''.
* LemonyNarrator: Marlowe both unconventionally describes people and isn't above LeaningOnTheFourthWall, as in this example from ''Farewell My Lovely'', when Marlowe wakes up on the ground after being knocked unconscious:
-->I got my chin scraped. It hurts. It feels scraped. That way I know it's scraped. No, I can't see it. I don't have to see it. It's my chin and I know whether it's scraped or not. Maybe you want to make something of it? Okay, shut up and let me think.
%%* LoveMakesYouEvil: ''The Little Sister''.
* MinorCrimeRevealsMajorPlot: Quite a lot of Marlowe's cases follow this pattern -- he's hired to do something relatively straightforward (negotiate with a blackmailer, mind a missing woman) and as soon as he begins asking questions, everybody in the neighbourhood with a dirty secret assumes he's after them and starts threatening him. Then, of course, he ''has'' to investigate them, just in case they're connected to his case.
%%* MysteryFiction
* NiceHat: Can't go wrong in a fedora.
* OfficialCouple: With Linda Loring, once he meets her in ''The Long Goodbye''. Chandler specifically created the character to be the perfect match for a man like Marlowe (a sort of "Princess In Sour Dress" to his KnightInSourArmor). Appropriately enough, she's the first woman we ever "see" Marlowe in bed with. She appears again in the final scene of ''Playback'' (the next novel and Chandler's last finished one), and the unfinished ''The Poodle Springs Story'' ([[PosthumousCollaboration which Robert B. Parker finished,]] to dubious response).
* PaintingTheMedium: Since all the Marlowe stories are narrated in the first person, Marlowe's mood and mental condition affect the tone of the writing. This is usually very subtle, but there's a passage in ''Farewell, My Lovely'' where Marlowe regains consciousness after an involuntary, days-long binge on needle drugs. The narration is downright surreal for a few chapters...to the point where he seems to be ''[[LeaningOnTheFourthWall talking to the reader]]''!
* PoliceAreUseless: [[DownplayedTrope Not as often as you'd think, though.]]
* PosthumousCollaboration: Chandler's unfinished eighth Marlowe novel, ''Poodle Springs'', was finished by Robert B. Parker (of ''{{Spenser}}'' fame) and published in 1989. Generally [[FanonDisContinuity dismissed]] by Chandler fans.
%%* PrivateDetective
* PrivateEyeMonologue: The TropeCodifier.
%%* PublicDomainCharacter
* RevolversAreJustBetter: Marlowe's .38.
* ScrewPolitenessImASenior: Harlan Potter in ''The Long Goodbye''. It's practically in the stars that he eventually becomes [[spoiler: Marlowe's father-in-law....]]
* SkeletonKeyCard: It's mentioned in some of the stories that Marlowe carries a strip of celluloid in his wallet precisely for this purpose (this was in the days before credit cards).
* SmartPeoplePlayChess: Several of the books show Marlowe studying chess problems during his down time. (Although he's never seen playing an actual game, because that would presuppose that he had friends to play with.)
* SmokingIsCool: Marlowe starts out as a cigarette smoker, and switches to a pipe as he grows older and more thoughtful.
* SpiritedYoungLady: Whenever Chandler gives the story a clear-cut heroine (as opposed to an ambiguous FemmeFatale or a DamselInDistress), she will be this. Most notably, Anne Riordan in ''Farewell, My Lovely'' and Linda Loring in ''The Long Goodbye''. Anne is a noble, sweet-natured [[BettyAndVeronica Betty to the]] FemmeFatale's [[BettyAndVeronica Veronica,]] but is also an IntrepidReporter and the daughter of a cop. Linda is a refined, dignified heiress who matches Marlowe's [[SnarkToSnarkCombat snark with some of her own]], shares his KnightInSourArmor / [[DistaffCounterpart Princess In Sour Dress]] approach to the world, and helps him a little in the investigation.
* TheStoic: Though Marlowe does have his more human moments, these mainly occur when he's been truly pushed over the edge, as when, in one novel, he is kidnapped and shot full of narcotics by a quack doctor. The rest of the time, though, he manages to remain completely deadpan even as he's being beaten up by crooked cops or having guns waved in his face.
%%* StreetSmart
* TakeThat: Quite a few of his insults are subtle jabs, sometimes at real people; for example, when a {{mook}} feels the need to repeat everything back at him, he starts referring to him as [[Creator/ErnestHemingway Hemingway]]:
-->'''Mook''': (confused) Who is this Hemingway person at all?\\
'''Marlowe''': A guy who keeps saying the same thing over and over until you begin to believe it must be good.
* TalksLikeASimile: A feature of Marlowe's narration, originally because Chandler was being paid by the word.
* TapOnTheHead: Happens quite often, sometimes accompanied by a lengthy and poetic description of darkness washing over him as he loses consciousness. Did we mention Chandler was being paid by the word?
* ThirdPersonPerson: Marlowe as narrator occasionally refers to himself as "Marlowe" rather than "I," usually when he's being cheeky.
* TontoTalk: In ''Farewell My Lovely'', a {{Mook}} named Second Planting shows up and engages in this. [[DefiedTrope Marlowe doesn't buy it for a minute, finally telling him to "Skip the pig Latin".]] The mook's English improves, indicating he ''was'' faking most of it, but it's still a little broken.
* TropeCodifier: Of the {{Hardboiled|Detective}} PrivateDetective -- well, ''[[Film/TheMalteseFalcon one]]'' of them, at least.
* ZillionDollarBill: Marlowe receives a "portrait of Madison" (a $5,000 bill) for doing a small favor at the start of ''The Long Goodbye''. The bill causes no end of trouble.

!!Adaptations without their own pages provide examples of:

* BadassInANiceSuit: The title character aside, there is Winslow Wong in the 1969 version. When Marlowe refuses his Bribe, [[PersonOfMassDestruction Winslow tears apart his office with his bare hands.]] It helps that Wong is played by BruceLee prior to his Hong Kong action films.
* GenreSavvy: Marlowe knows he can't take Winslow on in a one on one fight. [[spoiler: So his plan is to get him angry, [[DeadlyDodging while dodging him.]] Then when Winslow is too riled up, he goes for a flying kick, causing him to fall to his death.]]
* POVCam: The 1947 film version of ''Lady in the Lake'', directed by and starring Robert Montgomery, was filmed almost entirely in P.O.V. Cam to imitate the novel's first-person narration. Just so the film's Big Name Star was not totally unseen, he appears in bridging sequences and is seen whenever Marlowe looks into a mirror.