(Japanese: ノルウェイの森, Noruwei no Mori
) is a 1987 Coming of Age
novel by the Japanese author Haruki Murakami
. The publication of this book led Murakami to unwanted superstardom in Japan; so much so that he eventually left for the United States and Germany. Fans of his works often note that Norwegian Wood
as a novel is far removed from his ordinary works. It is a fairly straightforward tale of adolescent romance and the protagonist, Toru Watanabe, is very much an Everyman
as opposed to other protagonists in works such as Kafka on the Shore
or After Dark
The plot follows a love triangle among Watanabe, his childhood love Naoko
and a girl he meets at university, the outspoken and lively Midori
. Each girl represents different things to Watanabe but he has a hard time choosing.
Some critics consider Norwegian Wood
to be semi-autobiographical but the author has flat out denied this, describing Norwegian Wood
as a "challenge" that he did to see if he could write a novel with none of the themes that have become his trademark in later works.
A film adaptation
was made in 2010 by the Vietnamese director Anh Hung Tran. It was released in December 2010 in Japan, as well as festival showings and small releases in Canada and Italy. The cast features Rinko Kikuchi, Kenichi Matsuyama
and Shigesato Itoi
. The score was composed by Jonny Greenwood
Tropes found in Norwegian Wood include:
- Adaptation Distillation: The film trims a great deal from the story, omitting large chunks of Backstory (especially Reiko's), giving many minor characters less prominence (such as Storm Trooper) and cutting out numerous events that don't significantly advance the core Love Triangle plot (such as Watanabe and Nagasawa's numerous one-night stands, several of which are depicted in detail in the novel).
- All There in the Manual: Kizuki's visit to a hospitalized Naoko via motorcycle is actually elaborated upon in "Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman".
- Author Appeal: Several references to Sixties jazz and pop, The Great Gatsby, The Magic Mountain and various obscure Western Literature works.
- Bastard Boyfriend: Nagasawa to Hatsumi.
- Betty and Veronica: On face value Midori is the more exotic, fun-loving Veronica and Naoko the old, childhood friend Betty, but Murakami plays with this throughout the novel and reader's perspective can be expected to flip.
- Broken Bird: Naoko.
- Chick Magnet: Nagasawa and, to a lesser extent, Watanabe.
- Coming of Age: The novel is a quiet study of this.
- Consummate Liar: Reiko's piano student.
- Cool Big Sis: Reiko Ishida, Naoko's confidant at the centre. Hatsumi also, as a wish fulfillment for Watanabe.
- Naoko's actual older sister was also one of these till she committed suicide and Naoko found her body.
- A Date with Rosie Palms: There are numerous lengthy discussions of masturbation in the novel.
- Death of the Hypotenuse: Subverted. Naoko kills herself, leaving Watanabe free to pursue Midori. He calls her and tells her he wants to be with her, but the story ultimately ends on a cliffhanger, leaving it ambiguous whether they ultimately got together or not.
- Driven to Suicide: Sadly, Naoko, Hatsumi and Storm Trooper. Also Kizuki, whose death provides the catalyst for events in the novel. The reader never gets an inkling towards what caused his suicide, though. There's also Naoko's older sister whose suicide is also left unexplained. The novel seems to run on this trope.
- It's hinted that Kizuki's suicide may have been related to his physical relationship with Naoko.
- Eating Lunch Alone: How Midori first meets Watanabe. Unusually, he doesn't really mind being by himself that much.
- Epiphanic Prison: The Ami Hostel, to an extent.
- The Everyman: Watanabe.
- Foil: Nagasawa to Watanabe, despite the former's claims to the contrary.
- Fragile Flower: Naoko.
- Framing Device: The novel opens with Watanabe hearing the titular song on a plane to Germany and being reminded of the events of the plot, writing them down as a kind of therapeutic exercise. The film omits this, even though it's clear that Watanabe is narrating the events with the benefit of hindsight.
- Genre Adultery: This book was a major departure from Murakami's earlier whacky, Genre-Busting experimental novels. It was his first novel to become a bestseller and made him a celebrity in Japan practically overnight - much to his displeasure, resulting in him leaving the country for many years. He has yet to write another "straightforward" novel such as this one.
- Heroic BSOD: Watanabe after Naoko's suicide.
- Hope Spot: Towards the end of the novel, Toru receives a letter from Reiko informing him that Naoko is progressing much faster than anyone had expected, which closes the chapter. The first line of the next chapter is the Wham Line listed below.
- Honey Trap: See the Teens Are Monsters trope below.
- Jerkass: Nagasaswa. Intelligent, charming and outwardly a perfect gentleman, but completely indifferent to the feelings of others.
- Lipstick Lesbian: Reiko's piano student.
- The Loins Sleep Tonight: The Distaff Counterpart to this trope. Naoko is incapable of getting properly aroused in sexual situations, and as a consequence is unable to have sex with Kizuki, even though she wants to. This contributes to his eventual suicide. Naoko fears that she will never be able to become physically aroused, which, in turn, is a major reason she eventually kills herself as well.
- Love Hurts
- Love Triangle: Watanabe, Naoko and Midori.
- Manic Pixie Dream Girl: Midori is this but unusually for the trope Watanabe doesn't realise this until near the end of the novel. It's played with insofar as she's a more rounded character than one would expect for this trope, and has just as many neuroses as anyone else in the novel.
- May-December Romance: Toward the end of the novel, Reiko visits Watanabe and sleeps with him after Naoko's death. It's an essentially platonic act however, and there's no suggestion that they pursue a relationship afterwards.
- Millionaire Playboy: Nagasawa who befriends Toru at their dorm. He also doubles as the Immature Hedonist.
- No Ending: After Naoko's death, Watanabe calls Midori asking whether she'll forgive him and whether they can try again for a relationship. She gives a cryptic response of "Where are you?" and the novel ends with Watanabe trying to answer the question in his inner monologue
- Plucky Girl
- Ordinary University Student: Watanabe.
- Roman à Clef: Explicitly denied by Word of God.
- School Uniforms are the New Black: Several minor characters in the novel are treated with derision for wearing the university uniform even though it isn't obligatory. Storm Trooper gets his nickname this way as the other students assume he's a fascist (in truth, he just doesn't want to have to worry about clothes).
- The Sixties: The setting.
- The Sociopath: Reiko's piano student. She lies constantly, even about things that don't matter, has a magnetic personality (to the point of successfully seducing a heterosexual woman), is sexually aggressive, and has absolutely no empathy. Reiko even describes her face as seeming painted on, with nothing behind her eyes whatsoever.
- Watanabe hints that Nagasawa may have tendencies akin to this also.
- Starts with a Suicide: Not the book itself, but the Naoko and Watanabe's story definitely kicks off with Kizuki's suicide.
- Stepford Smiler: Hatsumi, Nagasawa's long-suffering girlfriend. She pretends not to mind that Nagasawa is sleeping around, but two years after Nagasawa graduates and goes abroad, leaving her behind, she marries another man. Two years after the marriage however, she kills herself. Naoko also became this after Kizuki died.
- Teens Are Monsters: The girl who destroyed Reiko Ishida's life. A pathological liar, she tries to seduce Reiko during a piano training session and when the former rebuffs her she lies to her mother that Reiko assaulted her. This is before declaring to Reiko that she had known Reiko was a lesbian as soon as she saw her and implies that the whole thing had been a trap. The lie spreads throughout the neighbourhood and drives Reiko to leave her husband and daughter and go to Ami Hostel in the first place.
- Titled After the Song: After The Beatles song; it's one of Naoko's favorites. Watanabe hearing a version of it on an international flight triggers memories of Naoko and kicks off the novel.
- Tokyo University: Most of the novel is set during Watanabe's time as a student in Tokyo.
- Uptight Loves Wild: An aversion. Midori's former boyfriend dislikes her approach to life and disapproves of the most minor things. This is even Lampshaded by Watanabe in his inner monologue, wondering why a guy like that would want a girlfriend like Midori.
- Wacky Fratboy Hijinx: There's a bit of this here and there. Nagasawa achieved his reputation as Big Man on Campus after resolving a dispute between two groups of students which almost resulted in physical violence. How did he resolve the dispute? One of the student groups insisted he eat three whole slugs.
- Wham Line: "Reiko wrote me several letters after Naoko's death."