[[caption-width-right:293:Sexuality clearly not being the only issue here.[[labelnote:characters]]Maurice at right; Alec at left.[[/labelnote]]]]

Set in and written during TheEdwardianEra, but not published until after the author's death in TheSeventies, Creator/EMForster's ''Maurice'' is a novel about the eponymous character, who is perhaps the most [[OverlyLongGag middle-of-the-road, ordinary, unexceptional, run of the mill, average]] middle-class Englishman you can imagine, except that he's attracted to men. This is a big problem, because back then homosexuality was punished as a crime and condemned by society. The book begins with an awkward "all you need to know about sex" talk delivered by a teacher to him as a young boy, setting the tone of heteronormativity and the psychological constraints that Maurice will spend most of the book trying to escape.

Many years later, Maurice is a Cambridge student, still average, until he happens to meet [[UpperClassTwit Clive Durham]], who becomes his best friend. Clive eventually confesses his love to Maurice, hoping that Maurice will understand thanks to reading Creator/{{Plato}}. He doesn't. However, after some time to think, Maurice realizes that he loves Clive and they make up, leading to a happy relationship for the next two years. Unfortunately, Clive, who was adamant that their relationship be completely sexless, eventually starts siding more with society's views of homosexuality and decides to drop Maurice and get married to [[VirginityMakesYouStupid Anne]].

Maurice, upset and more certain than ever that he wants to be "[[CureYourGays cured]]", sees a family friend, Dr. Barry, who tells Maurice he's talking rubbish and closes the subject. After some time passes, Maurice tries seeing a hypnotist, who tells him there's a small chance he can be cured, but that they can try. Maurice mucks this up phenomenally shortly thereafter by having sex with the [[MrFanservice under-gamekeeper]] at Clive's estate, Alec Scudder. [[LastNameBasis Scudder]] is in fact moving to Argentina in a week, but because Maurice is infatuated, he does his best to persuade Scudder to stay in England, willing to give up his job and social status in order for them to be together. Surprisingly, it has a HappyEnding, defying the EnforcedTrope in literature that any gay relationship had to end in death or tragedy, which is why it was written in 1913 but not published until 1971, a year after the author's death.

The book had a 1987 Merchant-Ivory film adaptation which was rather good, starring James Wilby, Hugh Grant and Rupert Graves.
!!''Maurice'' provides examples of:
* AdaptationalAttractiveness: The novel describes Clive as not a particularly attractive man, compared to Maurice, who is referred to as being handsome by both his family and Clive himself. In the movie, Clive is played by Hugh Grant, who is quite attractive on-screen.
* AdaptationDistillation: The movie adds [[GentlemanSnarker Risley]]'s indecency trial to provide extra motivation for Clive breaking up with Maurice, and it works pretty seamlessly.
* AdaptationalEarlyAppearance: In the novel, Scudder is subtly mentioned several times before Maurice actually encounters him. In the film, there is a brief scene early on that only serves to introduce him to the audience as a servant in Clive's house, and call him by name.
* BiTheWay: Alec, in the novel, explicitly states that he "cares for" both men and women. One of the first times Maurice sees him is kissing two maids; in fact, he actually envies Alec's ability to interact with the maids so easily, especially since he found them to be very unattractive. This is found as a deleted scene in the film.
* BuryYourGays: Averted. Also lampshaded by Forster in a 1960 essay about the book. However, a deleted scene from the film had Risley commit suicide after the above mentioned indecency trial.
* ChastityCouple: Maurice and Clive profess their love for each other, but at Clive's insistence they don't have sex.
* ClosetKey: In the novel it is explicitly stated that Clive helped Maurice realize his sexuality.
* CureYourGays: Maurice goes to a hypnotist to try and turn himself straight, but it fails spectacularly.
* DistaffCounterpart: Some view the 1928 D.H. Lawrence novel ''Lady Chatterley's Lover'' as this, which has similar theme (like class difference) and both the gamekeepers are based on the same man.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: Maurice is hurt by Clive's rejection, spends a lot of time afterwards believing there's something wrong with him, and when he does find another man who loves him back, they almost break up because they're from different classes and afraid of what society will think. Nevertheless, their leap of faith pays off and they become lovers for life.
* TheEdwardianEra: It's set just before the First World War with the feel of a GenteelInterbellumSetting.
* EnterStageWindow: Happens in both of Maurice's relationships. He first climbs into Clive's room and later Scudder climbs into his room.
* FunetikAksent: The book uses this technique to represent Scudder's lower-class speech, as faithfully rendered in the film.
* {{Gayngst}}: The entire book features Maurice struggling with the societal prejudices about sexuality and class which he's internalized, and ends with him finally overcoming his doubt and accepting his true nature.
* GreenEyedMonster: Maurice doesn't take his sister's interest in Clive very well.
* HappyEnding: An essential aspect of the story, and, as stated above, what made it unfit for publication until long after it was written.
* HeldGaze: Happens a few times.
* HoneyTrap: The police arrest Risley for indecency using a young man who pretends to be gay to entrap him.
* IncompatibleOrientation: In a way, both Clive/Maurice and Clive/Anne. Maurice loves Clive. Clive's sexual orientation is gay, and he's willing to love Maurice platonically, but he believes that sex between two men is wrong and eventually decides to marry a woman instead.
* InterClassRomance: After a failed platonic romance with [[UpperClassTwit Clive]], Maurice has sex with the under-gamekeeper at Clive's estate. Their class difference even more than their homosexuality is what nearly stops them from pursuing a real relationship.
* LastNameBasis: Alec who is often referred to as Scudder. According to Wiki/TheOtherWiki Forster did this to illustrate the idea of class difference. Maurice and Clive also only refer to each other by last name in school [[spoiler:until they accept that they've fallen in love. The last paragraph of the last chapter of Part One is them saying each other's first names.]]
* {{Oxbridge}}: The perfect location for a homo-romantic relationship between school fellows that is [[Literature/BridesheadRevisited doomed to fail]].
* PoorCommunicationKills: In hindsight, the misunderstanding between Maurice and Alec after their night together could have been avoided if Maurice had answered Alec's letters and admitted the feeling was mutual, therefore preventing Alec's unnecessary attempt to scare him by threat of blackmail. Granted, Maurice had every right to be nervous about starting a relationship (since Alec '"could'" have ratted him out if he wanted to), but he should have at least responded to Alec as a sign of courtesy.
* RealityIsUnrealistic: Some people have criticized the ending as too unrealistically happy, claiming that it would be impossible for Maurice and Alec to maintain a homosexual and interclass relationship in early 20th century England, but Forster actually based them on real-life couple Edward Carpenter and George Merrill who ''were'' able to do just that.
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: Maurice basically gives one to Clive at the end of the novel. He criticizes him for being so preoccupied with maintaining his social status that he probably doesn't know if he truly loves Maurice or Anne. He also gets on Clive for trying to convince him to deny his homosexuality, despite the agony that it's clearly caused him, as well as trivializing Maurice's (former) passionate love for him.
* SecondLove: Maurice finds love with Alec after loving and being rejected by Clive.
* StiffUpperLip: Clive's announcement that he is going to faint in the film.
* StraightGay: None of the gay characters, perhaps excluding Risley, are identifiable as such just by their dress or mannerisms.
* SuddenlySexuality: Subverted. In the book, Clive decides overnight that he is no longer in love with Maurice and now is attracted to women, having grown out of his interest in men. This is all told to the reader from [[UnreliableNarrator his perspective.]] At the end, it's revealed that only much later that would he realize he was kidding himself. Since this is all internal monologue, the movie opted to make it more obvious that he was just giving up for respectability's sake.
* TrainStationGoodbye: Maurice is sent home after disobeying the dean at Cambridge. Maurice and Clive hold hands until their hands are "ripped from one another".
* VirginityMakesYouStupid: Anne never got so much as a "LieBackAndThinkOfEngland", making her and Clive's wedding night rather funny.