Literature / Like Water for Chocolate
Like Water for Chocolate
(Spanish title: Como Agua Para Chocolate
) is a 1989 Mexican novel by Laura Esquivel. It chronicles the story of Tita (full name: Josefita De La Garza), a fifteen year-old growing up during The Mexican Revolution
with her mother, Mama Elena, her older sisters Gertrudis and Rosaura, the cook Nacha and maid Chencha on a ranch in Piedras Negras, a town near the Mexico – U.S. border. Tita has a love of the kitchen and a deep connection with food, a skill enhanced by the fact that she was practically raised from birth by the cook. Her love for cooking also comes from the fact that she was actually born
in the kitchen. Pedro, a ranch hand, and Tita fall in Love at First Sight
. He asks Mama Elena for Tita’s hand in marriage, but Mama Elena forbids it, citing the De la Garza family tradition which demands that the youngest daughter (in this case Tita) must remain unmarried and take care of her mother until her mother's death.Like Water for Chocolate
is broken into twelve chapters, monthly installments, each containing a Mexican recipe important to the story at hand. The novel uses Magic Realism
to mix the ordinary with the supernatural.
The book was later adapted into a film, directed by Alfonso Arau and released in 1992, which became the highest grossing Spanish-language film ever released in the United States at the time.
This story provides examples of:
- Abusive Parents: Is it possible to have ANY sympathy for Mama Elena?
- Affair Letters: Elena had at least one child with a mulatto man, and Tita finds the letters about it after Elena dies.
- Amicable Exes: Tita and John by the end of the book.
- And There Was Much Rejoicing: After Rosaura dies, Esperanza is free to marry Alex.
- Break the Cutie:
- Tita. Physical abuse, emotional abuse, family burdens, broken heart, loss of loved ones and finally a total breakdown.
- Chencha, when she gets raped and has Mama Elena's verbal abuse thrown at her.
- Butt-Monkey: Rosaura.
- Chivalrous Pervert: Pedro.
- Chocolate Baby: Subverted that Gertrudis does not have a lot of the obvious traits which fools Elena's husband for years. Invoked when Gertrudis gives birth to a mulatto baby and Juan accuses her of having an affair until Tita informs them of Gertrudis's parentage.
- Contemplating Your Hands: Tita does this for a short while after her mental breakdown.
- Disappeared Dad: The father of the three De la Garza sisters. He died of a heart attack a day after Tita's birth after learning that Gertrudis wasn't his daughter.
- Deus Exit Machina: When Pedro and Rosaura's first son Roberto is born, Tita is conveniently the only person around to help deliver him.
- Death by Despair: Nacha. She was always upset because of the loss of the man she loved, but after tasting cake accidentally mixed with Tita's tears, she crosses the Despair Event Horizon and dies of a broken heart.
- Despair Event Horizon: Tita was sad enough after her nephew Roberto and Pedro left the ranch with Rosaura at Mama Elena's request. However, it's receiving news that Roberto died of indigestion that pushes her over the edge and makes her snap.
- Does Not Like Soft-Boiled Eggs: Mama Elena tries to have Tita eat these, which usually fails until she gives Tita a smack across the face to loosen her throat. Tita, in fact, will eat just about anything except soft-boiled eggs.
- The Dutiful Son: A gender-flipped example. De La Garza family tradition is that the youngest daughter is forbidden from getting married, having to care for her mother until her death. Tita must act as this for Mama Elena. Rosaura also intends on having her daughter, Esperanza, uphold the tradition as well. Once Rosaura dies, however, Esperanza gets Happily Married to Dr. Brown's son Alex.
- Evil Cannot Comprehend Good: Or rather, the stiff traditional housewife (Rosaura) cannot comprehend passion. Thus why the amorous quail in rose petal sauce does not seem to affect her. Subverted by Mama Elena who had once been in a passionate affair who constantly tries to resist the passion of Tita's food.
- Evil Matriarch: Mama Elena.
- Food Porn: One of the most mouthwatering cases, thanks to the protagonist being a Supreme Chef.
- G-Rated Sex: Tita and Pedro initially have sex through the food Tita cooks, which is how she expresses herself. Specifically, Tita is, in a way, actually penetrating Pedro when he eats her cooking. Pedro's raving compliments of her cooking is also gratuitous, at least until Mama Elena "asks" him to stop. Averted later on with Juan and Gertrudis, and others, who have sex for real.
- The book also chronicles how Tita and Pedro move away from this trope and closer to the real thing, with occurrences like Pedro seeing Tita cooking in an erotic posture to the two of them briefly fondling each other.
- The Glorious War of Sisterly Rivalry: Tita and Rosaura. Tita and Gertrudis, however, are on better terms.
- Green-Eyed Monster: What Tita realizes Pedro becomes after he forces her to cheat on Dr. Brown.
- Homeless Pigeon Person: Tita goes through this phase after her mother sends her sister Rosaura and Pedro away, a move that results in the death of Tita's nephew, whom she had been breastfeeding because Rosaura had been unable to feed him. In her grief, Tita takes to living in the dove-cote and treating the doves as children.
- I Have No Son: Mama Elena's mentality after Gertrudis runs away.
- Notice that she at first mourned for her, but later swore by the trope when she learned who she ran away with: a Revolutionary soldier named Juan. And as the cherry on top, Gertrudis is apparenly seen in a brothel.
- I Want My Beloved to Be Happy: John.
- It's All About Me: Rosaura tries to aid Pedro in his terrible burn injuries, but when Pedro cries for Tita instead, she shuts herself away in humiliation, worried for her image rather than Pedro.
- Jerkass: Pedro comes off as this for many readers. Sure, he makes both Rosaura and Tita's lives extremely complicated (and destroys their already shaky sisterly bonds) with the Settle for Sibling deal, but even after he does so, he bullies and pressures Tita when Nice Guy Dr. Brown shows interest in her? Come ON, Pedro.
- Jerkass Has a Point: Granted, Rosaura does have a lot to put up and even Tita tries to accommodate her feelings by setting up a pact. Really, Rosaura crosses the line when she decides her daughter should live up to an unfair tradition.
- Killed Off for Real: First Nacha, then much later Mama Elena, followed by Rosaura, and finally Tita and Pedro at the end.
- Lets Wait Awhile: On the first night of Pedro's and Rosaura's loveless marriage Pedro delays an uncomfortable marriage obligation with an excuse. The deed is later done to produce Roberto.
- Lethal Chef: Rosaura, in sharp contrast to Tita. When Rosaura tries to cook a family dinner to impress Pedro, nobody likes her food. It doesn't help that she wouldn't even take Tita's advice.
- Lie Back and Think of England: When the time comes to consummate their marriage, Pedro prays for forgiveness for any pleasure they might take out of it and that they are simply trying to produce a child to serve. In Pedro's case, he is simply fulfilling an obligation as he doesn't have any feelings for Rosaura.
- Love at First Sight: Tita and Pedro, as well as and with Juan and Gertrudis... kinda.
- Master of the Mixed Message: What Pedro is to Rosaura and Tita. He performs obligations to his wife Rosaura, yet keeps acting on his lust for Tita every chance he gets. Years later, Tita calls Pedro out on this and she a Rosaura try to set up 20 year pact over sharing Pedro.
- Not So Different: Tita and Nacha, and even Tita and Mama Elena.
- Out with a Bang: Pedro, while making true love to Tita for the first time.
- Parental Hypocrisy: Mama Elena was in a forbidden affair once. Not that Elena actually cares for Tita's welfare.
- Pragmatic Adaptation: One scene in which Tita attempts to drown her sorrows with apricot liqueur over Pedro's marriage to Rosaura instead was not included in the film. Another scene in the book in which the chickens on the ranch go crazy for whatever reason and bore a hole in the earth was not included, either.
- Rape as Drama: Poor Chencha.
- Romantic Runner-Up: Dr. Brown.
- Rule of Symbolism: Very present, sometimes going hand-in-hand with the Magic Realism in the story. The various recipes in the story are usually some kind of symbol as well.
- Settle for Sibling: Pedro marries Rosaura in order to be close to Tita, the one he truly loves.
- Shoot the Shaggy Dog: After waiting for Mama Elena and Rosaura to die and Esperanza to grow up and get married before they can be together, Pedro goes Out with a Bang and Tita is Driven to Suicide. Subverted since it's okay after all because they're probably together in the afterlife or something.
- Stalking Is Love: This seems to be Pedro's idea of love as he spies on her lustfully as she showers. Subverted that Tita is incredibly displeased at Pedro's peeping.
- Star-Crossed Lovers: Tita and Pedro. Curse you tradition!
- Sympathetic Adulterer: This is actually deconstructed. Tita's passive submission to Pedro while she was bethroted to Dr. John Brown is portrayed as weak and disrespectul. Tita realizes that though Dr. Brown is not the one she would not spend the rest of the life with (why not though?), she stills loves and respects him as her savior and gathers the courage to call off the marriage while still bearing the respect she knows Brown deserved and earned. But before the Doctor comes in, Pedro's acts of adultery are portrayed as hope for Tita's and Pedro's love... yet some readers feel that Rosaura, who is not fine with it, has every right to be pissed. Though there is arguably Character Development for Tita who does start to take Rosaura's, albeit how selfish her sister is, emotions into account (though retaining her resentment for Rosaura for passively marrying Pedro is still questionable). The deconstruction may had its fumbles with the fact Pedro gets Tita's love and forgiveness at the end, despite doing nothing to deserve her affection, other than regretting his marriage to Rosaura.
- Supreme Chef: Nacha and Tita.
- Title Drop
- Trippy Finale Syndrome: The last three pages of the novel can be summarized as Everyone runs away to have sex in the trees, except for Pedro and Tita, who have sex in a room set up by a ghost. Pedro has a heart attack and dies in the middle of it. Tita eats matches to die with him. The house turns into a volcano and everyone applauds. And it’s all good because now the ashes of their passion made the ranch fertile and the narrator has a cookbook.
- Troubled Fetal Position: Tita assumes this position when hiding in the dovecote, after crossing the Despair Event Horizon.
- Unusual Euphemism: And I quote: "While she was receiving a kiss on the lips, Pedro took her hand in his and invited her to explore his body. Tita timidly touched the hard muscles on Pedro's chest, lower down, she felt a red-hot coal that throbbed through her clothes." When you think about it, this is actually somewhat justified because Tita probably isn't all that familiar with men's bodies, so it makes sense that she might use a comparable mundane object that might show up in cooking instead.
- What the Hell, Hero?: Pedro tries to do this to Tita for being engaged to the doting, loving Dr. Brown. In return Tita angrily calls out against Pedro's ridiculous rationlization "me marrying your sister to be close to you meant nothing to you?!" Pedro does not seem to catch on until 20 years later.
- Vomit Chain Reaction: Every single person (save Tita) at Pedro and Rosaura's wedding, after eating the cake with her tears mixed in. Special mention goes to Rosaura, who is covered in vomit despite her attempts to evade it and has her wedding dress ruined.
- Vomit Discretion Shot: Unlike the sea of vomit described in the book, no one is shown actually vomiting on-screen in the film.
- Wedlock Block
- You Monster!: Not a literal example, but close enough to count. After Tita receives news of the death of her nephew, Roberto, she tells Mama Elena "You did it, you killed Roberto!" In a way, she just might be right, because Mama Elena sent Roberto and his family off the ranch, away from Tita, at a time where the only thing Roberto would eat/drink was Tita's (magic) breast milk...