Literature: Le Silence de la mer
French novella ("The Silence of the Sea") written in 1942 by Jean Bruller and published secretly under his pseudonym, "Vercors". Which is just as well, as it quickly became a symbol of mental resistance
against the German occupation.
The story centres on an elderly man and his young niece, who are forced to share their home with a German officer named Werner Von Ebrannac, and though they are unable to hinder him directly, they resolve to show resistance by never saying a word to him. The uncomfortable arrangement is complicated by the fact that Werner is a polite Francophile
who genuinely desires amity with his unwilling hosts and between their two warring nations.
A 1946 English TV adaptation was one of the first programmes broadcast by the BBC after the end of World War II
. The book has also been adapted into two French-language films - one of them Jean-Pierre Melville's feature-length debut - and several stage plays.
This work contains examples of:
- Alas, Poor Villain
- Artistic License – History: Part of Werner's Heel Realization comes on a visit to Paris in September 1941, when he reads a memo from March 1941 about operations at Treblinka. Treblinka was not brought into service as an extermination camp until 1942.
- Attempted Rape: Pascal attacks Jeanne in her home when she refuses his advances, but her screams alert Werner.
- Break Them by Talking: Inverted. The uncle and the niece break the officer by not talking.
- During the War: The interplay between a German officer and his two unwilling hosts in a small house in occupied France.
- Elective Mute: The uncle and niece refuse to say a single word to the German officer who has been quartered in their home.
- Elegant Classical Musician: Jeanne and Werner
- External Combustion
- Final First Words: "Adieu", says the niece to Werner as he's leaving.
- Gentleman and a Scholar: Werner positively gushes when he sees his hosts' library.
- Heel Realisation: Happens during Werner's time in Paris.
- Hitler Cam: The 1949 film uses this several times, including some instances shot from the POV of the uncle sitting in a chair, but also a couple of shots from the inside of the fireplace as Werner stands over the fire.
- Just Following Orders: Werner is no doubt thinking about this at the end, when, right before leaving, he cracks open an Anatole France book and sees the quote "It is beautiful for a soldier to disobey orders which are criminal."
- La Résistance: Naturally, as the author was a member of the French resistance when he wrote the book.
- No Name Given: In the original novel, the two principal characters are known only as "the uncle" and "the niece". In the 1949 film, Werner is the only character who has a name.
- Officer and a Gentleman: Werner to a tee. As André says, "He seems decent, thank God."
- Pay Evil unto Evil: Werner has Pascal arrested by the Gestapo after the latter assaults Jeanne.
- Place Worse Than Death: When Werner reveals that he has requested a transfer to the Eastern Front, he remarks to his hosts that he is "Off to Hell".
- Polite Villains, Rude Heroes: Although Werner barely qualifies as a villain.
- Pragmatic Adaptation: The 1949 film omits the Attempted Rape plot point.
- Raised by Grandparents: Jeanne in the 2004 TV film, which changed the relationship of the two main characters to a grandfather and granddaughter.
- Reassigned to Antarctica: Although he does it to himself, volunteering to leave his cushy, pleasant duty station in occupied France and instead fight on the Eastern Front.
- Revenge by Proxy: 99 French hostages are shot in retaliation for a Resistance attack that kills two German officers.
- The Thing That Would Not Leave: A rare use of this for drama, as Werner doesn't have to leave.
- Thinking Out Loud: Werner, frequently, as he attempts to fill the uncomfortable silence, and connect with his hosts.
- Title Drop
- Tranquil Fury: The humiliated anger of the uncle and niece is palpable, but never finds expression, except maybe in a few Death Glares. In the 2004 film, Werner's reaction when he prevents Pascal's Attempted Rape of Jeanne also qualifies.
- Worthy Opponent: How Werner views France.