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''Journey to the West'' (西游记 ''Xīyóujì'' pronounced roughly ''shee-yo-jee'') is one of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_Great_Classical_Novels the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature]], and first published in the 1590s, although it is plainly based on much older folk-legends. It is InspiredBy the pilgrimage undertaken by the Tang dynasty [[UsefulNotes/{{China}} Chinese]] Buddhist monk Xuanzang, who nearly a thousand years earlier travelled to UsefulNotes/{{India}} to study UsefulNotes/{{Buddhism}} at its source and obtain accurate copies of Buddhist texts known in China only through inaccurate nth-generation copies.

In the novel, Xuanzang (also called Tripitaka, a Chinese-Sanskrit [[BilingualBonus bilingual pun]] that can't be explained concisely in English), at the request of the bodhisattva Guan Yin, is accompanied by three supernatural beings who have been assigned to guide and protect him as penance for past misdeeds. Zhu Bajie, pig-like in appearance and a greedy hog in behavior, and Sha Wujing, a river monster whose fierce appearance belies his thoughtful nature, are former heavenly dignitaries exiled to their current existences. The third companion is Sun Wukong.

Sun Wukong deserves a paragraph to himself. Warrior, magician, and trickster, the Handsome Monkey King (by acclamation of his subjects) and Great Sage Equal of Heaven (self-proclaimed) gets seven chapters devoted to his rise and fall before the novel's nominal hero first appears, and continues to steal the limelight throughout with practiced ease. Every reader has a favourite story -- the one about his bet with the Buddha is particularly popular -- but alas, this page is too small to do them all justice. [[FountainOfExpies He also has]] [[MonkeyKingLite tons and tons of imitators.]]

There's also Yulong, a dragon who eats Xuanzang's horse and in restitution is required to transform into horse shape and carry Xuanzang the rest of the way. But even the author seems to forget most of the time that he's not just a horse.

After many adventures, in which Sun Wukong and his allies defend Xuanzang from thieves, robbers, cannibals, vamps, false priests and monsters of all varieties ([[NoodleIncident not to mention the horrifying affair of the escaped goldfish]]), they reach India and everybody lives happily ever after. Yay!

''Journey to the West'' has been adapted to television many times - especially in Japan, where the story is called ''Saiyuki'' and the characters are Genjo Sanzo, Cho Hakkai, Sha Gojo, and Son Goku. Many anime series have at least one ShoutOut, and some go for outright plunder (from ''[[Manga/{{Saiyuki}} Gensomaden Saiyuki]]'' to, of all things, ''Manga/DragonBall'' - yes, ''that'' Son Goku was inspired directly by ''this'' Son Goku, as they even have the same exact name in terms of character usage). One Japanese live-action adaption of the 1970s, and its thoroughly gender-bent cast (the role of Xuanzang/Tripitaka/Genjo Sanzo is traditionally played by a woman), is still fondly remembered simply as ''Series/{{Monkey}}'' in English-speaking countries from the irreverent (almost GagDub) [[Creator/TheBBC BBC]] translated version, with its annoyingly catchy disco theme-song [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-zOFAD6e9Bk "Monkey Magic"]] (directly taken from the Japanese broadcast where it was also sung in SurprisinglyGoodEnglish). The most recent TV adaptation is ''Series/{{Journey to the West|2011}}'' of 2011.

While it is popular in Japan, it's omnipresent in its native China. For example, there was a 1980's ''Journey to the West'' TV series in China that was so popular, it's said that to this day there's always at least one television station rerunning it anywhere in the nation (and also in Vietnam, where it's just as famous and widely loved.) The show is amusing even if you don't understand Chinese. Jeff Lau's ''Chinese Odyssey'' films renewed the popularity of the novel for young Hong Kong audiences during the mid-'90s.

The movie ''Film/TheForbiddenKingdom'' adapts the encounter of Xuanzang and Sun Wukong, complete with the "main" character being named Jason ''Tripitakas'', and just like in ''Journey to the West'', Xuanzang/Jason has the carpet pulled out from under him by the Monkey King. Possibly the prime example thereof, and arguably a Jet Li CrowningMomentOfAwesome, would be that after Jason is explained by Jackie Chan's character to be [[spoiler:the "Seeker" and thus the nominal hero, the Silent Monk -- a familiar created by the Monkey King -- looks him over before openly laughing in his face]].

The team responsible for Music/{{Gorillaz}}, Damon Albarn (he of Music/{{Blur}}) and Jamie Hewlett (of ''ComicBook/TankGirl'' fame), adapted the story into an opera in 2007. They also did a two-minute animated version for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, which was used as a title sequence for the BBC television coverage of the event.

Now has a [[Characters/JourneyToTheWest character sheet]]!

There are many works based, more or less, on ''Journey to the West''; for a list, see the [[ReferencedBy/JourneyToTheWest Referenced By page]]. (The distinction between "based on Journey to the West" and "contains many references to Journey to the West" is not always clear.)

!!This story provides examples of:

* AchillesInHisTent: When Wukong quits the quest (sometimes at the same time as being fired by Tang Sang Zang) he goes back to his kingdom of monkey demons.
* ActionGirl: Several she-devils qualify as this when they're not busy seducing Tripitaka.
* AdaptationalAttractiveness: The original novel gleefully describes how hideous Tripitaka's three disciples are at every opportunity ("face like a thunder god"), and it's even a minor plot point at several parts. Most of the adaptations - especially the cartoons - tone this down a ''lot''.
* AdaptationalHeroism: The portrayal of Sun Wukong and Tang Sanzang in the novel aren't so noble compared to the more popular adaptations. In the original, Sun Wukong lacked mercy in countless instances and Tang Sanzang was continually naive and acts inconsistently or even hypocritically. Their two-dimensional individual characterization and negative portrayals can both be explained by dissonance with today's values and also by the fact that the novel's main characters was intended to be an allegory for the state of a ''single'' individual's spiritual journey - Each character represent a different aspect.
* AdaptationSpeciesChange: Probably due to some form of LostInTranslation. Sha Wujing was originally a demon dwelling in a river of sand. When the story was brought over to Japan, it seems the part about the river being sand got left out, and so Sha Wujing, now Sha Gojyo, was turned into their river-dwelling man-eating (ish) monster, the kappa, hence why all Japanese references to Sha Gojyo at least give him kappa traits.
* AliensAndMonsters: The obstacles the pilgrims meet on their journey are nearly always caused or exacerbated by some immortal creature, and the solution is nearly always for Sun Wukong to beat that creature senseless. Maneuvering the creature into a place where the Monkey King can attack it draws out the plots.
* AlmightyJanitor:
** When Wukong demands a place in Heaven near the beginning, he gets assigned the job of Heavenly... Stable Boy. This becomes a ChekhovsSkill later in the story because all horses gain an innate respect/fear for Wukong because of this.
** Bajie's reward for completing the quest is to become the deity who is charged with actually eating all of the food and drink that is sacrificed to Buddha from every altar in the world, for the rest of eternity. Buddha explains that Bajie, for all he improved, is still far too crude and earthy to become a Boddhistva like the others, but he still deserves a reward and it was hoped that this would suffice. Needless to say, as far as Bajie is concerned, he has the best job in Heaven.
* AlwaysSomeoneBetter:
** Sun Wukong manages to thrash the entire celestial army, but Erlangshen matches him in single combat. Also an example of ConservationOfNinjitsu.
** The Buddha is the one who finally and definitively subdues Wukong by dropping a mountain on him.
** Wukong also respects/fears the Goddess of Mercy Guanyin because she's got a bunch of equipment that can genuinely hurt him (she's the one who crafted the Headband of Agony), but also because she's usually nice to him.
* AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence: Xuanzang and company after they successfully bring back the sacred scriptures.
* BadassBoast: These are frequent and often in verse. Usually proceeded by "Listen to my recital."
* BigDamnHeroes: Sun Wukong and Zhu Bajie do it ''all the time''.
* BladeOnAStick: This is ancient China, so expect to see spears and halberds everywhere.
* BlowYouAway:
** The Yellow Wind Demon King, whose fiendish winds can blind even Sun Wukong.
** One FetchQuest was to get a magical fan so that they could blow out a supernaturally powerful volcano and pass through the area unharmed. Unfortunately, said magical fan was owned by [[MamaBear the mother of]] Hong Hai Er, whose ass Wukong had soundly kicked in an earlier story arc.
* BoringReturnJourney: The journey to the West takes 86 chapters. The return to the East (with supernatural assistance loaned by the Buddha) takes 1.
* BringMyBrownPants: ''Literally'' happens to Baije during one run-in with a monster though he has the decency to drop trou.
* CarryABigStick:
** Wukong's weapon is an iron rod that is able to [[RetractableWeapon grow]] to an enormous size and is said to weigh ''8100kg''. (Acquired, full size, from an undersea dragon king that had no idea what to do with it. Which was then shrunk with monkey magic. And put behind Wukong's ear.) It also qualifies as SimpleStaff, or at least this is how Wukong usually uses it.
** Sha Wujing and several other demons frequently employ clubs and hammers as weapons.
* CasanovaWannabe: Bajie, who started the series blackmailing a girl to serve as his eventual bride and fights a continual battle against gluttony and lust. (The whole reason he ended up as a pig-demon in the first place was that he made inappropriate remarks to a fellow goddess. In one translation, he actually committed sexual harassment/tried to rape her.)
* CaveBehindTheFalls: Sun Wukong's home and some other fiendish lairs.
* CelestialBureaucracy: All of reality works because of the Emperor issuing decrees to lesser officials who do a given duty. For instance, he tells a water dragon where to send rain. Sun Wukong occasionally uses his connections/influence with certain officials to acquire some object or other objective.
* CelibateHero: Xuanzang is a celibate monk, but keeps getting abducted by beautiful women and female demons who find him attractive, good to eat, or ''both''. The big deal, is that [[AffablyEvil the female demons]] only want him for sex, which depending on the monster is either physically harmless (Xuanzang considers it AFateWorseThanDeath) or OutWithABang. Either way, they want ''him'' to make the first move and keep it consensual. Then there's the part that by having him consent to sex, he would be breaking his vows which is kind of important.
* CharacterDevelopment: Just as important as kicking demon-ass is Monkey's ''personal'' journey to becoming a decent person. He is not so much fundamentally-bad as he is a selfish ManChild who needed the guidance of a loving, patient and wise father-figure to truly grow up, which he found in Tripitaka. By the time he is deemed worthy of ''truly'' joining the Gods at the end of his journey, he has grown from a tantrum-throwing tyrant into a kind-hearted, compassionate and noble protector of the weak.
* ChronicHeroSyndrome: The Journey would not have taken nearly so long if Xuanzang didn't insist on helping everyone they met along the way. However, this is part of the point of the journey; we find out a certain number of trials is demanded by the Buddha as part of their quest to reach enlightenment, and he even adds an extra one after they've finally gotten the scriptures and are on their way back because he realized they're still one short.
* ContinuityNod: Occasionally the group will meet characters they met earlier or talk about previous adventures, such as the "River of Heaven" arc where Xuanzang complains about always having trouble at river crossings.
* CoolSword: Many demons wield scimitars and swords in battle. The most notable one is the Seven Star Sword.
* DeusExMachina: Whenever Wukong can't resolve something himself, he generally goes to Guan Yin for help, or if it's beyond her abilities, Buddha himself. He's also lodged his share of complaints against the Celestial Court.
* DidYouJustFlipOffCthulhu: Wukong's various pranks during the banquet of Heaven.
* DidYouJustPunchOutCthulhu: Wukong beats up whole armies, including several ''gods''.
* DisproportionateRetribution: Shā Wùjìng, a general of heaven, was given 800 lashings, forced to reincarnate into a flesh-eating demon, and every week a flying sword would come and stab him in the breast and in the side 100 times. The only way he could avoid this last part was to hide in a river. His crime? Accidentally breaking a crystal cup at one of the Festivals of Immortal Peaches.
* DistressedDude: Being abducted ([[ImAHumanitarian for food]] or otherwise), [[TheDitz deceived]] and [[ButtMonkey generally harassed]] seems to be a main occupation of Xuanzang. Usually just to show how badass Sun Wukong is.
* DoNotTauntCthulhu: Wukong finally meets his match with Buddha, who imprisons him for 500 years.
* EnlightenmentSuperpower: Many of Sun Wukong's powers, including the shapeshifting, the ability to summon duplicates of himself, and the ability to leap large distances in a single bound, were gained as side-effects of studying the secrets of the universe under the sage Subhuti. Subhuti eventually asked him to leave when he realized he was more interested in the superpowers than the enlightenment.
* EverythingsBetterWithMonkeys: Sun Wukong, the handsome king of the monkeys!
* EvilTwin: The whole team ends up with their own Dopplegangers; naturally, Sun Wukong's is the hardest to deal with.
* GiantSpaceFleaFromNowhere: The Scorpion-Woman. There were no mountains (for once) so she literally just appears in a crowd.
* GiantSpider: The Seven Spider Ladies.
* HornyDevils: At least three female demons (the Scorpion Woman, the Earth Flow Lady and the Jade Hare) are very beautiful and want to achieve immortality by taking Tripitaka's "yang". (or having sex with him, if you prefer.)
* HumanPackMule: The horse carries Xuanzang, but Zhu Bajie carries everything else -- when he's not convincing Sha Wujing to do it for him.
* HorribleJudgeOfCharacter: Sanzang always, always, always thinks that he's being approached by a harmless old lady, or a nice stranger offering their SacredHospitality for the night, or...
* IAteWhat: Sun Wukong, Zhu Bajie and Sha Wujing trick some Taoists into drinking [[ToiletHumor their urine]] by passing it off as holy water.
* ImpossibleTask: Jumping out of the Buddha's palm.
* ImprobableWeaponUser: Zhu Bajie's rake. Other examples include pots, bells, cymbals, an iron gorse, a scraper and a pestle. That said, a weapon that looked very much like a rake was actually used as a part of Chinese warfare at one point.
* InASingleBound: Wukong can travel "108,000 ''li''" in a single backflip.[[note]]That's about 35,000 to 45,000 kilometres depending on what definition you use for "li", an ancient Chinese unit of length that has varied considerably over the centuries. For comparison, the length of the equator is about 40,000 km.[[/note]] It's basically hyperbole for "a very long distance" and OneHundredAndEight is a significant number in Buddhism.
* IndyPloy: What Sun Wukong usually does after Xuanzang [[DistressedDude gets kidnapped again]], only his go off like he's really CrazyPrepared. At one point, Sun Wukong ''lampshades'' this, by explaining to another character the [[GenreSavvy structure of a typical adventure episode]].
* InformedAbility: Tripitaka's much-vaunted holiness is undercut by his tendency to tell petty lies, his readiness to torture Sun Wukong, and the fact that his Buddhist stoicism breaks down any time he thinks his journey might be delayed. He also stops asking his disciples not to kill after the first couple of times.
* InspiredBy: The historical journey of Xuanzang to India - except he did it with a handful of human assistants and even made a few legs of the trip by himself.
* JerkassGods:
** Believe it or not, Buddha himself, in ''Literature/JourneyToTheWest'' at least. It may not seem so obvious at first, but it becomes pretty clear that he is one when you think about it. Before he punished Wukong, Buddha made a bet with him, which went like this; ''Sun Wukong must first jump onto Buddha's palm, He must then leave Buddha's palm and fly to the edge of the universe, if Sun Wukong accomplishes this, he shall be the new ruler of Heaven.'' So the [[SunWukong Monkey King]] puts his all into it, and after reaching what he believes to be the edge of the universe, marked by five giant pillars, then flys back to Buddha in order to claim Heaven, ONLY TO BE TOLD that he never left Buddha's hand, due to the fact that the ''''ENTIRE UNIVERSE'''' rest in the palm of Buddha's hand, and then was sealed under a Mountain for 500 years and only given Iron Balls to eat and {{Mercury}} to drink as part of his aforementioned punishment. Sound fair so far? Well while Wukong was a those giant pillars, he signed his name on one of them to prove he'd been there, then went around to the other side of it and peed on it, when he goes back to Buddha it's revealed that the "pillars" were in fact Buddha's fingers, '''''This means that Sun Wukong successfully left Buddha's palm and went to the edge of the universe, a palm CAN"T exist on both sides of the fingers.''''' Other versions have Buddha using his powers to cloud Wukong's mind to stop him from going anywhere, '''which is pretty much the same thing as slipping someone a mickey to stop them from completing their part of the bet. i.e. cheating.''' Either way Buddha owes {{SunWukong}} Heaven. Some versions do avoid this by have Wukong actually going to the "pillars", but just peeing on a different pillar.
*** Another case of Buddha being a jerkass was the time he had his men fly Tripitaka and Co. back to China, but before they were home, Buddha asked how many disasters they had suffered on their way to him, after finding out it was 80 Buddha decided to have them go through another one just because 9 was Buddism's lucky/holy number and 9x9 is 81 [[note]] They didn't even NEED to experience another disaster, Buddha just wanted them to[[/note]], so he orders his men to drop them without consulting Tripitaka and Co. Keep in mind Buddha wasn't with them, he asked a Divine record keeper for the number.

** Sun Wukong, before his imprisonment, literally beats up, steals from, and terrorizes nearly everyone he meets. He scares a Dragon God to such an extent that he gives Wukong ''the nail holding the Milky Way in place'' just to get him out of his house. He gets better. ...sort of.
** After they collect the scriptures, the Buddha's servants [[spoiler: hand over a bunch of blank scrolls]] after realising that the pilgrims didn't bring any gifts, although Buddha does comment that blank scriptures like them are true scriptures. Zen, eh?
** All the gods in the series, to some extent, are this. They know full well that they can subdue all the monsters on Earth and save countless humans, yet they refuse to do so. It's only when the monsters get in Xuanzang's way that they decide to take action. The fact that many monsters were formerly their pets, and only became monsters because they failed to contain them increases their moral failing.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Wukong, after he was stuck under a rock for a few centuries, is so grateful to Xuanzang that he swears everlasting loyalty (though Xuanzang, being a monk, doesn't approve of Wukong's more violent problem solving methods).
* JustEatHim: Some larger devils try to get rid of Sun Wukong by swallowing him. They end up with an awful case of stomach ache to say the least.
* KillerRabbit: Even a ''goldfish'' can turn into a fearsome ogre.
* KilroyWasHere: Wukong leaves his name (and piss) on what he thinks is a mighty pillar when trying to escape from Buddha's grasp. Nope, those were Buddha's fingers.
* KnightTemplar: Sun Wukong can be like this when it comes to dealing with demons and bandits, all of whom he sees as evil monsters who prey on the weak (especially those who want to eat Xuanzang). This is most notably seen during the White Bone Demon and the {{Doppelganger}} chapters. In some adaptations, Xuanzong kicks Wukong out not because of what he did (like killing an innocent human which was actually a demon in disguise or a group of bandits), but because of his [[KnightTemplar Knight Templarish]] attitude.
* LetsYouAndHimFight: Zhu Bajie and Sha Wujing each fight Sun Wukong before discovering that they're on the same side.
* LastOfHisKind: The 6-eared Macaque. [[spoiler: Then Wukong makes sure the species is ''extinct.'']]
* LivingForeverIsAwesome: There are no end to mortals who 'cultivated their conduct' and/or 'refined their spirit' to become immortal and love it. The Wuzhuang temple has a community of immortals because of a tree that produces life extending fruit and are extremely protective of it.
* {{MacGuffin}}: The scriptures in the Thunder Monastary are the reason for the pilgrimage.
* MadeOfIndestructium: Wukong survived being thrown into a godly fire, said to be able to '''kill immortals and gods''', for '''49 days'''! That he had previously gorged himself on the Peaches of Immortality, the Elixir of Immortality, and the Pills of Immortality helped. In fact, all the fire did (having originally been used to produce the immortality medicines) was cause them to harden inside his body, making him not just immortal but [[NighInvulnerable Made of Diamond]] as well. The smoke of the fire also affected Wukong's eyes, granting him the ability to see through illusions, disguises and transformations. Some versions of the story however state that Wukong survived because he stood in the currents of wind made by the fanning of the servants to keep the fire going. Either way, Heaven really screwed itself over big time.
* MisterSeahorse: Although it was averted before something actually happened, there is a section of the novel (beginning in chapter 53) about Sun Wukong [[spoiler: going to retrieve a pregnancy antidote because Zhu Bajie and Xuanzang unknowingly drank magical pregnancy-inducing river water flowing through a town filled with nothing but women]].
* MorphicResonance: An extreme case -- although his 72 transformations include many perfectly shaped animal disguises, Sun Wukong can only turn his ''head'' into that of a human and must conceal the rest of his body.
* {{Munchkin}}: Sun Wukong's abilities are utterly over the top. Small list of examples: Flying on either a magical cloud or by turning somersaults that propel him several tens of thousands of miles with each turn, changing into 72 different shapes, being able to change his ''hairs'' into different shapes (such as [[MesACrowd dozens of miniature versions of himself]] to help fight), see through illusions of all sorts, SuperStrength, can't die due to a mixture of having crossed himself out of the Book of the Dead and eating immortality substances before being baked in a divine furnace, and is able to see for miles. And then there are his abilities to [[DetectEvil see through illusions, disguises and transformations]], [[BlowYouAway manipulate the wind]], [[MakingASplash part the waters]], [[BarrierWarrior create barriers]], [[SummonMagic summon gods]], [[OutOfTheInferno walk through fire unharmed]], [[SuperNotDrowningSkills survive underwater]], [[IntangibleMan pass through metal and rock]], [[BubblyClouds walk on clouds]], [[FreezeRay freeze any kind of creature, including demons and gods, or make them fall asleep]], [[TheBeastmaster have horses listen to his every whim]], [[AwesomenessByAnalysis learn new spells with just a few glances and the bare minimum of instruction]] and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking open any lock]]. Wukong also has great knowledge of medicine and his 72 transformations actually allow him to take the form of [[VoluntaryShapeShifting anyone and anything]], including growing extra body parts and transforming other objects by spitting his blood on it. Wukong can go as far as turning objects into living beings and then using them as puppets (though they lack souls. Movement and speech needs to be programmed into them). Add in Wukong's [[MadeOfIndestructium indestructibility]] plus [[InASingleBound his ability to fly across the Earth with a single somersault]] and you've got the most [[CrazyAwesome bizarre/awesome]] set of powers in classic literature.
* NonActionGuy: Xuanzang does nothing but pray and complain and despair.
* NotInThisForYourRevolution: The other main characters are all bound to Xuanzang out of duty rather than personal choice to begin with. Though all three, to varying degrees, come to ''genuinely'' care about the monk as a father-figure.
* NotQuiteFlight: Wukong travels via very, very powerful jumping. Either that or riding on a cloud.
* OneManArmy: During the journey, Wukong is able to fight and defeat just about every {{Mook}}, EliteMook and the fricking Dragon of the Heavens, each said to fight like a god himself. Before that, he fought the heavenly army of 100,000 strong ''at the same time'', ripped through heaven's greatest champions and not just survived every single thing they could throw at him, but HE GOT EVEN STRONGER. By the time he was punished by the Buddha, he was on the brink of actually becoming the Emperor of heaven himself.
* OnlyTheChosenMayWield: The Dragon King of the Eastern Ocean has in his armory a piece of magic iron that was used to measure the depth of the Milky Way. It is 20 feet long and as thick as a barrel. No dragon can lift it. Then one day it begins to glow, and soon Wukong arrives seeking a weapon. He picks up the rod and tells it to become smaller: it shrinks to fit him (but is still as thick as a rice bowl and weighs many thousand pounds). He can get it to be any size he wants, and when not in use, he reduces it to the size of a needle and stores it in his ear.
* OnlyYouCanRepopulateMyRace: During a hilarious incident in a kingdom entirely populated by women. [[DownplayedTrope They can reproduce without him via a magic spring]], but they understandably want men too. Poor, poor [[CelibateHero Xuanzang]]...
* OurDragonsAreDifferent: Probably they're the least dangerous type of demons met by Sun Wukong.
** Xuanzang rides one, after the dragon submits to being made into a horse as penance for his errors.
* OurVampiresAreDifferent: The Lady of the Earth Flow is actually the spirit of an albino bat/rat, dual wields swords and has a bit of HornyDevils too.
* OutOfFocus: As one Website/DeviantArt user said, "No one likes you, Yu Lung. Not even your dad." The author even seems to occasionally forget he's not a real horse and what ''few'' moments of action he does are only because Wukong's gone and everyone else has been captured.
* PaperFanOfDoom: The Banana Leaf Fan, which manipulates fire. The aptly named Iron Fan Princess wields a magical fan which can BlowYouAway.
* PlayingWithFire: Several examples, including the Gold Horned King's Banana Leaf Fan, Red Boy's Samadhi of Fire and a magical bell which can summon flames.
* PurpleProse: It's not purple ''prose'', it's friggin' purple '''''poetry''''', but descriptive asides peppering the novel defy any other definition. It gets downright [[UpToEleven florid]] when they reach Thorn Ridge and Xuanzang takes part in essentially a freestyle poetry jam.
* PhysicalGod: Ironically, The Buddha matches this much, much better than the gods themselves. This is as much a translation issue than anything else as Eastern gods aren't really equivalent to the Western idea of such.
* TheQuest: The whole premise and reason for the novel is Xuanzang has to bring the holy books from India, and he needs protection and help on the way, opening the way to a lot of wacky hijinks.
* RageAgainstTheHeavens: Sun Wukong takes on the Celestial Bureaucracy single-handed... and almost wins.
* RedemptionQuest: The whole reason Su Wukong and the other bodyguards go on the quest is to earn redemption for past crimes.
* RememberWhenYouBlewUpASun: Any given story arc has a good chance of ''someone'' mentioning how Monkey trashed Heaven 500 years ago.
* RestrainingBolt: Sun Wukong has a circlet around his head which contracts if Xuanzang says the command phrase and is most often used when Wukong goes on a ThereIsNoKillLikeOverkill rampage. Rather hilariously, his demon companions trick Xuanzang into saying the word every chance they get. It becomes particularly relevant to the plot when dealing with the EvilTwin.
* RhinoRampage: The three rhino kings near the end. The Rhinoceros King, despite his name and single horn, is actually a bull.
* SideQuest: [[DrinkingGame Take a drink]] every time Wukong and company get sidetracked because 1) Xuanzang got kidnapped and/or 2) the locals are being menaced by a demon.
* SpellMyNameWithAnS: Sun Wukong's teacher, Bodhi/Bhuti/Subhuti.
* SpotlightStealingSquad: Thy name is Sun Wukong.
* StockShoutOut: The modus operandi of many East Asian artists seems to be: "When really, really, ''really'' stumped for ideas, nick them from ''Journey To The West''."
* StupidGood: Every time a demon disguises itself as a human in peril, you can wager your donkey that Xuanzang will insist on helping said disguised demon. Despite knowing that demons can take human form, and that Wukong can see through their disguises, Xuanzang gladly ignores Wukong's advice because he's just that compassionate of a guy. Only once in the entire book, in one of the later chapters, does he consider that Wukong might be right... only to revert back to Stupid Good when the demon (disguised as a child) puts on the puppy dog eyes. This is justified by the very fact that he is suppose to be a [[GoodShepherd really good Buddhist monk]]. It wouldn't be particularly Buddhist to be selectively compassionate and only help the people he wants to help.
* SummonBiggerFish: As powerful as Sun Wukong and his companions are occassionally they encounter threats beyond their ability to deal with. Often, they have to get help from Guan Yin, Buddha, or other gods to help subdue the demons they are fighting.
* SupernaturallyDeliciousAndNutritious: Xuanzang is considered a "super food" by demons because of his high degree of holiness.
* SuperpowerLottery:
** Sun Wukong almost won it, if not for the fact that he's almost useless in water.
** Amongst his opponents there's the Rhinoceros King, whose ring can suck in ''every single weapon you use against him'', including Su Wukong's rod, the weaponry of a whole army of gods and an army of flame beasts.
* TakeThat: Some scholars believe that the work is one against the decadent government at the time.
* ThatsNoMoon: Those weren't pillars that Wukong vandalized, those were Budda's fingers!
* ThisWasHisTrueForm: Inverted -- Many of the antagonists are wild animals that have learned to mimic human form (the Chinese version of the ''henge'' described on the ''{{obake}}'' page); they revert to their true form when killed.
* TooDumbToLive: Xuanzang is incapable of seeing through the disguises of the demons that kidnap him. It's understandable since he's a human, but you would think after the first few times of his blindness getting him kidnapped and almost raped or eaten he would wise up and listen when Sun Wukong and the others tell him not to trust the pitiful looking stranger seeking their assistance.
* TouchedByVorlons: ''Any'' animal within earshot of a practicing Taoist or Buddhist whether the religious figure intends it or not ''will'' gain some degree of the same powers as the travelers.
** [[spoiler: This is what led to the incident with the Scorpion-Woman, as even Buddha and Guanyin didn't want a damn thing to do with her.]]
** The Dragon-Horse even points this out when the group needs his [[ItMakesSenseInContext piss to make a medicine]]; even if he pisses in a stream, the fish will turn into dragons.
* TricksterArchetype: Sun Wukong, the devious and rebellious monkey.
* TrueSight: Wukong, as an unforeseen side effect of trying to melt him down in Lao Tzu's furnace, gained the ability to see through illusions.
* UnusualEuphemism: Whenever accosted by beautiful women on his quest, Xuanzang's admirers offer to [[{{UsefulNotes/Taoism}} unite the male to the female]].
* VowOfCelibacy: Xuanzang has a considerable number of opportunities to reject the celibacy that is expected of him, including several offers from [[HornyDevils supernatural sources]], but he doesn't do so.
* WeaponsThatSuck: Several examples, including the Crinsom Gourd and Jade Pot (which both melt the victim), the Vajura Ring (which can suck and snatch every weapon, flame or danger around), the Human Bag (which sucks people inside it) and finally, the most dangerous one, the Yin Yang Pot, which destroys whoever's inside it with flames, serpents and dragons.
* WeWantOurJerkBack[=/=]WeCannotGoOnWithoutYou: Happens each time Wukong gets expelled from the group (or quits himself).
* WhatMeasureIsANonHuman: Zigzagged depending on the story arc. Killing humans is always very bad but the demons that kidnap Xuanzang are more likely to be imprisoned/reformed than killed. Guanyin outright says this trope to Wukong after one of his numerous freakouts as even innocent HalfHumanHybrid '''children''' are [[KnightTemplar fair game]] but when subduing Red Boy/Boy Sage King she made sure to clear out every insect, bird and reptile within a hundred miles so they wouldn't be caught in the flood she released. When Red Boy makes another appearence, he lives on her island and has done a HeelFaceTurn thanks to her.
* TheWorfEffect:
** Bajie and Wujing only exist to get the crap beaten out of them to show that Wukong needs to swoop in and save the day again.
** Equally commonly is that Wukong is beaten as well and needs to fall back on greater DivineIntervention.
* ZergRush: Wukong can create numerous clones of himself. A Zerg Rush of Wukong clones is nothing to sneeze at. This doesn't work with the Yellow Wind demon (who blows the clones away like straw) and the Gold Horned King and Red Boy (who both torch the clones into oblivion).