Literature: Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close aka: Extremely Loudand Incredibly Close
Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close is a novel by Jonathan Safran Foer (of Everything Is Illuminated fame). The book is written in multiple viewpoints. The majority is in the first person, and is told by Oskar, a 9-year-old boy. Between chapters are letters written by Oskar's paternal grandparents, detailing how they met and eventually separated.The book is written in Anachronic Order, starting in the present and then going back two years detailing how the story got to that point. The story follows Oskar, whose father died during the 9/11 attacks. Oskar and his father used to play a game called "reconnaissance expedition", in which Oskar would be instructed to find a variety of objects. A year after his father's death, Oskar finds a key in an envelope which has the name "Black" written on it. He believes these are clues and are part of an expedition that his father was planning, and makes it his life's goal to discover the meaning behind it.It has since been adapted into a film starring Tom Hanks, Sandra Bullock, Viola Davis, Max von Sydow and Thomas Horn as Oskar. It was nominated for Best Picture and Best Supporting Actor (Max von Sydow).
Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close provides examples of:
Adaptation Distillation: While many of Oskar's quirks remain in the movie (his tambourine playing, his ambiguous autism, etc.), some of his more annoying qualities were removed. His obsession with all things white (food and clothing), his pretentiousness, and the sadistic thoughts he has about his classmates are all absent in the film. Oskar also earns his happy ending, as opposed to the book, which ended on a decidedly more depressing note.
In addition, the story of Oskar's grandparents is completely left out, with his grandfather's voicelessness chalked up to witnessing a bombing back in World War II.
Ambiguous Disorder: Oskar regularly sees a therapist who confesses to his mother that he thinks Oskar should be institutionalized.
Creepy Child: Sometimes Oskar's behavior goes way beyond No Social Skills. He brought in a recording of a man recalling, in gory detail, the bombing of Hiroshima for his elementary school class to listen to, he dropped his cat off the school roof (he knew the cat would be fine, but his classmates sure didn't), and he fantasizes about beating some of his classmates to death.
Dead Guy Junior: Oskar's father is given the name Thomas Schell by Oskar's grandmother. Thomas Schell senior is dead only in the sense that he feels he cannot live, but is as good as dead due to his absence.
Disappeared Dad: Oskar's grandfather Thomas to his father, also named Thomas. His letters, which are all titled "Why I'm Not Where You Are", are addressed to Oskar's father, and in them the elder Thomas apologizes and explains why he wasn't in his son's life.
Grave Robbing: Oskar and the renter dig up Oskar's father's coffin. Subverted in that there's no corpse.
Hide Your Pregnancy: An in-universe example. One of the "rules" that Oskar's grandparents made was to never have children, but his grandmother felt she was losing him, so she made a pregnancy happen anyway and hid it with baggy clothing and pillows. Still didn't stop him from leaving.
Kill 'em All: During the bombings in Dresden, Grandpa comes across a zoo, and the keeper asks him to shoot everything...which includes the normally harmless animals. Would be a Moral Event Horizon, except that the animals most likely would've eaten human corpses if they were left alone, plus Grandpa felt guilty enough about the event that he bought tons of animals for his apartment after he relocated to New York.
Meaningful Name: Schell is derived from a German word meaning 'noisy' or 'loud', an allusion to the title. However, it is also an ironic reference to Oskar's grandfather's inability to speak due to trauma, and Oskar's own problems in dealing with his grief.
Most Writers Are Adults: On one hand, it's easy to believe that Oskar's mannerisms are framed by adult author ideals. On the other, he's a child coping with a terribly traumatic event, and it's acknowledged in universe that this, coupled with his intelligence, makes it difficult for him to make friends (and in reality, there are plenty of children in who act like Oskar).