''Anthem'' is a novella by Creator/AynRand ([[{{Doorstopper}} contrast with]] ''Literature/AtlasShrugged''). It touches on the usual UsefulNotes/{{Objectivis|m}}t themes, but it has a more fantastic, sci-fi setting, and it's pretty much the concentrated embodiment of TheEvilsOfFreeWill. In the future, humanity has fallen into a [[{{Dystopia}} dark age]] brought on by the evils of collectivism. Individualism and freedom have been stamped out to the point where speaking the words "I, me, my, mine, ego" is a crime punishable by death. Society is ruled by several dictatorial Councils that outlaw all new ideas and inventions; as a result, science and the arts have stagnated.

The book is the secret journal of [[YouAreNumberSix Equality 7-2521]], in which he recounts his youth and tells of his emancipation from Ayn Rand's {{dystopia}}. He had been born with a "curse" -- [[RebelliousSpirit a strong sense of curiosity, eagerness to learn and question everything, and an unwillingness to subordinate himself to society]].

For more information on Rand's ideas, please see UsefulNotes/{{Objectivism}}.

Not to be confused with the Japanese HeavyMetal band or the Creator/NealStephenson {{Doorstopper}}, Literature/{{Anathem}}.
!!! This work provides examples of:
* AfterTheEnd: Occurs centuries after the collapse of modern society. Some critics of Rand posit this as a sequel to ''Literature/AtlasShrugged'', even though it was written first and [[spoiler: making ''Anthem'' a sequel would mean John Galt and company ultimately ''failed''.]]
* AmbitionIsEvil: Well, by ''Anthem'' society standards it is. Subverted by the Hero's example.
* AuthorTract: Like many of Ayn Rand's works, the evils of "collectivism" (the practice or principle of giving a group priority over each individual in it) is at the forefront of this book.
* BlueAndOrangeMorality: Shades of this. The dystopia's morals kinda seem like our own, but they're distorted (or simply practiced [[{{Deconstruction}} in a brutally consistent fashion]]) to the point of, well, creating a dystopia.
* CardboardPrison: [[spoiler: The protagonist is put in this. Justified trope, in that the captors didn't imagine that anyone would dare escape.]]
* CrapsackWorld: This is a world with a severely reduced population, where lashings and immolation are used as punishments for minor offenses, where it's considered a miracle if anyone lives past 45, where children are taken away from their parents at birth and raised in state orphanages, where curiosity and individuality are harshly discouraged, and where all but the most basic technology has been lost.
* TheComplainerIsAlwaysWrong: Deconstructed. Anthem's dystopia is ''built'' on this concept. It isn't a nice place to live.
* DisproportionateRetribution: Equality is tortured for not attending one of the community's compulsory gatherings.
* {{Dystopia}}: A society of complete equality, whether its inhabitants like it or not.
* DystopianEdict: The words "I, me, my, mine, ego" are forbidden on pain of death.
* HopeSpringsEternal: The Saint of the Pyre represents this; while he's burning at the stake for saying an Unspeakable Word [[note]]I, Me, Mine, Ego[[/note]], he looks at the Hero and nonverbally calls upon him to try and rediscover those same words and the concepts behind them. [[spoiler: When Equality and Liberty, now Prometheus and Gaea, find an old house from before the collapse of society, Prometheus reflects how he plans to find others like him and found a new society based on individuality to overthrow the collectivist one he escaped from]]
* HowWeGotHere: The book [[InMediasRes starts with Equality hiding in a dark tunnel]], he explains from the beginning why he is there.
* IJustWantToBeNormal: The main character, at first.
* IndividualityIsIllegal: To the point where even using a singular pronoun is punishable by death.
* InMediasRes: The book starts with Equality hiding in a dark tunnel, he explains from the beginning why he is there.
* IntelligenceEqualsIsolation: [[spoiler: Prometheus does have Gaea, but it's still just the two of them in the middle of nowhere]].
* LanguageEqualsThought: Invoked. Banning of first-person singular pronouns is a ''consequence'' of the society's philosophy of collectivism.
* LonersAreFreaks: Subverted. Even if Anthem's society doesn't think so, [[SomeAnvilsNeedToBeDropped Loners are awesome!]]
* LostTechnology: Most modern technology. By the time the story takes place, Candles had only recently been rediscovered. [[spoiler: Equality rediscovers electricity all on his own. When he takes this to the House of Scholars they vote against it and refuse to look into it further, implying the technological regression is due to the discouragement of curiosity.]]
* LoveAtFirstSight: Equality and Liberty
* MeaningfulName: [[spoiler: At the end of the book, our heroes rename themselves Prometheus and Gaea, respectively]].
* MeaninglessMeaningfulWords: The names of all the characters are a combination of one of these with a series of numbers.
* MySpeciesDothProtestTooMuch: The entire story centers around Equality throwing off future humanity's [[PlanetOfHats hat]] of total subservience to the collective.
* NoSexAllowed: Save for the mating ritual once a year.
* OmniscientCouncilOfVagueness: The World Council, which controls the entire society and keeps it the way it is.
* OneSteveLimit: Bizarre example. All people in this world are named a fuzzy, high-sounding word followed by a serial number, but all the characters who appear in the book happen to be assigned different words. Presumably, the names are re-used when their previous owners die.
* PlanetOfHats: Everyone is the same in this world, by force.
* {{Pride}}: Subverted in that the prideful upstart is actually successful.
* PropheticName: Liberty 5-3000, who ends up rediscovering individual freedom alongside Equality 7-2521.
* RapeByProxy: In this society sex is forbidden outside of a mating ritual that takes place once a year, and for which everyone over the age of eighteen must participate in whether they want to or not. They have no choice over who their partner is, and any resulting children are taken away at birth. Equality 7-2521 had to participate in two of these rituals; he found the whole experience disgusting and was terrified by the thought of Liberty 5-3000 having to perform such a ritual (fortunately she was 17). [[spoiler: When Equality 7-2521 finally had sex with Liberty 5-3000, by his own choice, he realized how wonderful sex can be when it's consensual]].
* RecycledPremise: ''Anthem'' received some controversy for its similarities to Yevgeny Zamyatin's novel ''Literature/{{We}}''.
* ScrewDestiny: ''Anthem'''s society operates on a sort of caste system where one's fate is determined by the government.
* TakingUpTheMantle: The Saint of the Pyre, while being executed for speaking an Unspeakable Word, looks a young Equality 7-2521 in the eyes to nonverbally beg the boy to rediscover individuality.
%%* TheUbermensch: Equality 7-2521.
* YouAreNumberSix: No one has names in this dystopia. They're all "Equality #". The main character is Equality 7-2521.