[[quoteright:247:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/adriannigel_1925.png]]
[[caption-width-right:247:Adrian, Nigel, and a magazine they'd get in trouble for possessing.]]
A series of books, written as journals, by Sue Townsend, centering around the life of Adrian Mole, a British everyman. It starts out when he's 13¾, and the series runs until his early forties (at least). With the death of Townsend in 2014 the series has most likely come to an end barring any posthumous publications or continuation by another author.

The first two books were made into television series that aired on Creator/{{ITV}} in 1985 and 1987, as was ''The Cappuccino Years'' on Creator/TheBBC in 2001.

[[AC: Books in the series:]]
#''The Secret Diary of Adrian Mole, Aged 13¾'' (pub. 1982; covers events '''1981-82'''; Adrian is aged 13¾ to 15)
#''The Growing Pains of Adrian Mole'' (pub. 1985; covers events '''1982-83'''; Adrian is aged 15 to 16)
#''The True Confessions of Adrian Albert Mole'' (pub. 1989; covers events '''1984-89'''; Adrian is aged 17 to 22)
#''Adrian Mole and the Small Amphibians'' (pub. 1991 as part of ''Adrian Mole: The Lost Years''; covers events '''1990-91'''; Adrian is aged 22 to 24)
#''Adrian Mole: The Wilderness Years'' (pub. 1993; covers events '''1991-92'''; Adrian is aged 24 to 25)
#''Adrian Mole: The Cappuccino Years'' (pub. 1999; covers events '''1997-98'''; Adrian is aged 30 to 31)
#''Diary of a Provincial Man'' (serialised in ''TheGuardian'' 1999-2001; covers events '''1999-2001'''; Adrian is aged 32 to 33) (published in book form as ''The Lost Diaries of Adrian Mole, 1999-2001'')
#''Adrian Mole and the Weapons of Mass Destruction'' (pub. 2004; covers events '''2002-03'''; Adrian is aged 34 to 36)
#''Adrian Mole: The Prostrate Years'' (pub. 2009; covers events '''2007-08'''; Adrian is aged 39 to 40)

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!!This work provides examples of:

* AbortedArc: ''The Wilderness Years'' raises the possibility that Glenn's real father might be someone other than Adrian (quite possibly Barry Kent.) Later books never raise this issue again and from ''The Cappuccino Years'' on Glenn is permanently a big part of Adrian's life.
* AbusiveParents: Adrian's parents border on neglectful, although it is played for laughs.
* TheAce: Everyone around Adrian seems to get success in something he wishes he could have, almost to the point of a RunningGag:
** Pandora. Beautiful, witty, Head Girl of her school, doctorate from Oxford, fluent in at least five languages, MP and published author, to list just a few of her achievements.
** Brett Mole is a widely acclaimed author, filmmaker, ladies' man, millionaire stock trader, wit and almost everything Adrian would like to be ... [[spoiler:until Brett loses his money during the 2008 recession.]]
** Barry Kent could be considered this as well, since he becomes a widely admired poet...much to Adrian's consternation, as he believes Barry cannot read and Adrian desperately wants to be recognized as a genius poet (or recognized as being ANYTHING wonderful, for that matter). To twist the knife further, one of Barry's books is based heavily on Adrian.
** After having been a housewife and mother to a large family for many years, Barry's mother Edna graduates with ''two'' first-class degrees, begins a successful career in middle age, and wins awards for her academic papers while Adrian's own life is falling apart. He's stunned.
* ActingYourIntellectualAge: Adrian, in believing himself to be an intellectual, often comes across as older than he really is. His mother notes that he "came out of the womb at 35", he tends to get along best with the elderly, and is diagnosed with prostate cancer at a relatively young age.
* AlliterativeName: Bert Baxter, Martin Muffet, Pamela Pigg, Wayne Wong
* AmbiguousGender:
** In order to go to see his current crush, who works at a creche, Adrian borrows one of the neighbours' young children. He doesn't know the child's name and is not sure of their gender, so books them into the creche under the name Emily. He's banned from the creche when the staff had to change the child's nappy and discovered they [[UnsettlingGenderReveal certainly aren't an Emily.]]
** Adrian is unable to determine the genders of his landlord's three children in ''The Wilderness Years''. Tamsin is a girl's name, but Griffith is usually a surname and the third kid is named [[WhoNamesTheirKidDude Alpha]].
* AmusingInjuries: The famous Airfix glue incident. Adrian tried sniffing glue from a model aeroplane and it sticks to his nose.
* AndNowForSomeoneCompletelyDifferent: ''True Confessions'' starts off with Adrian, before jumping to [[AuthorAvatar Sue]] [[CreatorCameo Townsend]] herself around the halfway mark and the tail end of the book is the diary of a young girl named [[UsefulNotes/MargaretThatcher Margaret Hilda Roberts]].
* AprilFoolsPlot: Adrian is constantly hit with April Fool's gags, mostly involving someone making him believe that a publisher wants to pick up one of his works. Adding to this, April Fool's Day happens to be Adrian's birthday.
* ArsonMurderAndJaywalking: At one point, Adrian goes to see a psychotherapist who engages him in an exercise to pretend that a chair is his father and tell "him" why he has disappointed Adrian. The therapist encourages Adrian to be angrier, but he's already said everything he could think of to say, and continues with "... you didn't buy me an anglepoise lamp when I was revising for my [=GCSE=]s, and I hate your Country 'n' Western cassettes"
* AuthorAvatar: ''The Lost Diaries of Adrian Mole'' features Sue Townsend as an actual character, whom Adrian believes is stalking him and trying to pass off his diaries as her own works of fiction. She also appears in ''True Confessions'', where the opening blurb explains that Adrian sued her for this.
* AuthorTract: In universe, when Adrian's mother writes Adrian's cookbook, she includes a bizarre and completely irrelevant chapter [[StrawFeminist on gender politics]].
* BadBoss: Brown, Adrian's boss at the Department Of The Environment, is a petty bureaucrat who makes hell for Adrian (and, to a lesser extent, everyone else). He's obsessed with nailing Adrian for stealing postage stamps and doesn't even give him his statutory rights when Adrian's resignation letter (which he wasn't going to submit, having got cold feet) somehow finds its way to him. Adrian suspects that he cares more about the Newport Pagnell newts than he does about his subordinates.
* BathroomStallGraffiti: In ''Growing Pains'', Adrian gets sent to the headmaster's office for writing a poem in the boys' toilet. When Adrian asks the headmaster how he knows he's the culprit, he replies, "You signed it, idiot boy."
* BeardnessProtectionProgram: In the second book, Adrian runs away from home and tries to grow a beard.
* BeardOfSorrow: Adrian has a beard during ''The Wilderness Years'', a notable emotional low point for him.
* BenevolentBoss: [[CoolOldGuy Mr. Carlton-Hayes]], Adrian's employer in the last two books, is the only person Adrian ever worked for who wasn't a pen-pushing bureaucrat or a total nutter. When Adrian finds himself in financial trouble in ''The Weapons Of Mass Destruction'', Mr. Carlton-Hayes gives Adrian a payrise to help him cope and any time Adrian needs time off for personal matters, always gives him the time he needs. When the bookshop is forced to close in ''The Prostrate Years'', Adrian is devastated at the thought of not seeing him every day.
* BigBrotherInstinct: When Rosie [[spoiler: falls pregnant]], Adrian notes that he wants to beat the guy who was responsible. As it stands, he's the one who helps her out when [[spoiler: she gets an abortion]].
* BirthDeathJuxtaposition: In ''The Growing Pains of Adrian Mole'', elderly Queenie dies shortly after Adrian's sister is born, and he reflects at her funeral that she had to die in order to "make way" for the baby.
* BittersweetEnding: Most of the books tend to end this way, most notably ''The Wilderness Years'' where Adrian has lost Bianca and his flat is burgled, but starts a new relationship with Jo Jo and a possible career as a chef and ''The Prostrate Years'' where Daisy leaves him, but he may have gotten back with Pandora.
* BlackComedy: There are some elements of this in the books, such as the deaths of Ivan Braithwaite and the Moles' dog. An in-universe example is when Adrian writes "The White Van", a sitcom about a serial killer.
* TheBore: Adrian's knowledge of the Norwegian Leather Industry and his book tend to be looked upon with little interest from most people.
* BreakupBreakout: In universe, Adrian's assistant on his tv show ends up becoming much more famous than him after the show ends.
* BritishTeeth: Earlier on in the series, Adrian has an Australian dentist who comments on how bad British people's teeth are.
* TheBully: Barry Kent in the early books, especially in the first book, where he is constantly harassing Adrian for menaces money [[spoiler: [[NeverMessWithGranny Adrian's grandmother steps in and intimidates Barry into paying it all back]].]]
** During Growing Pains, Barry suddenly gains respect for Adrian for a while when he gets in trouble for writing a poem on the school wall. Adrian still ends up disliking him again later once he publishes a book based heavily on Adrian.
* TheBusCameBack: Several characters return after long absences. Mr. Lucas was absent for a whole quarter-century between ''Growing Pains'' and ''The Prostrate Years''. Before he returned in ''The Cappuccino Years'', Nigel, Adrian's best friend in the early books had gradually faded away from the storyline; by ''The Wilderness Years'' (in which he does not appear) Nigel was referenced in passing as Adrian's ''former'' best friend.
* ButchLesbian: Aunt Susan. Her partner Gloria is a LipstickLesbian.
* ButtMonkey: Adrian.
* CaptainOblivious: Adrian misses the signs of just about everything, especially when he does something that leads to disaster for someone else. Subverted in ''The Cappuccino Years'' when he's the first to spot the signs of [[spoiler: his mother's affair with Ivan Braithwaite.]]
* ChuckCunninghamSyndrome: Half-brother Brett Slater (until ''The Prostrate Years''). Also several more minor characters like Animal (from ''The Weapons of Mass Destruction'').
* ClassReunion: Adrian attends his in ''The Weapons Of Mass Destruction''. Several characters not seen since ''Growing Pains'' return, such as Brainbox Henderson, Claire Neilson, and whatever teachers have yet to retire. Adrian is actually the third most famous person from his graduating class after Pandora and Barry Kent, having briefly been a celebrity chef.
* ClusterFBomb: The trademark of Peter Savage, Adrian's boss at the offal restaurant in ''The Cappuccino Years''
** We also hear several of these from Rosie during her teenage years.
* ComingOfAgeStory: The books start off when Adrian is thirteen and ends in his forties with him becoming a grandfather.
* CordonBleughChef: Adrian becomes this in ''The Cappuccino Years'', as Savage instructs him to only cook basic dishes. He gets an abysmal review in ''The Sunday Times''. He becomes a celebrity chef specialising in offal, even though he admits to being unable to cook. By the next book, he's reduced to working in a [[BurgerFool roadside burger van]].
* CreatorCameo: In addition to Sue Townsend's appearance in ''The Lost Diaries'' and her own diaries midway into ''True Confessions'', Adrian's contact at Creator/TheBBC, John Tydeman, was actually Radio 4's Head of Drama, responsible for the original ''Nigel Mole'' radio play and later radio adaptations of the books.
* CreditCardPlot: ''Adrian Mole and the Weapons of Mass Destruction'' has an ongoing plot about Adrian's credit card debts. He ends up getting new credit cards in order to pay off the old ones. Eventually, his frivolous spending, combined with his debt, leaves his monthly outgoings at twice his income. It's implied to be resolved by the end of the book, as he sells his flat and his car, moves into his parents' spare converted pigsty, and gets a raise at the bookshop.
* CriticalResearchFailure:[[invoked]] Adrian never bothers researching anything. He sent a character on a day trip to China (...from England) who walked around on the Great Wall because that's all he knew about the place. In addition, Adrian's perpetually mixing up names of all branches of the arts (claiming Rupert Blake wrote "The Tyger", for example)
** Also, in the first book, he thinks that the Sistine Chapel was painted by Rembrandt in Venice. He finds ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudice'' old-fashioned and thinks that Austen "should write something a bit more modern". He also does not know why someone named [[Myth/ClassicalMythology "Pandora" would have the nickname "Box".]] In the second book, he thinks that Creator/EvelynWaugh was a woman and confuses Kingsley Amis with Kingsley Martin.
** The author herself does this sometimes, too. In one book, Adrian's younger sister becomes a Goth. Townsend seems to have this idea that Goth is some sort of cult rather than a subculture, since Rosie does not wash after this and prays to a callous "Goth god". (Or maybe the joke here is that Rosie, not Townsend, has no clue what a Goth really is.) In ''The Cappuccino Years'', Adrian is described as being almost knocked off his feet by "Sarah Brightman's opening shrieks" when he plays a ''ThePhantomOfTheOpera'' CD too loudly - but Christine, the character played by Brightman, doesn't sing in the opening of the show.
** A newspaper proclaims Barry Kent's 45 year old father as a burly UsefulNotes/WorldWarII veteran. Considering that this happens in the early [[TheEighties eighties]], [[CriticalResearchFailure it's completely impossible]]. However, as someone who grew up in Leicester, this could be a poke at the local newspaper which has a habit of getting these things wrong. In the second book, a newspaper gives Adrian's age as 5, her mother's age as 58, and mispells their surname as "Vole".
* CruelAndUnusualDeath: Eleanor Flood tells Adrian that her father died when a small dog fell off a balcony and hit him on the head. Adrian's reaction is to ask if it was a pedigree breed.
* DaddyDNATest: This is how Adrian finds out he is the father of Glenn Bott, and later how the family confirms that [[spoiler: Mr Lucas, with whom Adrian's mother had an affair in an earlier book, is the real father of Rosie.]]
* DarkerAndEdgier: ''Adrian Mole and the Weapons of Mass Destruction'' dealt with some much darker topics than earlier books, such as Adrian's debt problems, the morality of the war in Iraq and [[spoiler: Glenn's best friend being killed in combat, which has a profound effect on Adrian.]] ''The Prostrate Years'' is even darker than this, with [[spoiler: Adrian being diagnosed with prostate cancer and suffering a painful breakdown of his marriage.]] While not quite as dark as either of these ''The Wilderness Years'' was rather bittersweet dealing with a period of homelessness and poverty, heartbreak and [[spoiler:the death of Adrian's grandmother]].
** The series as a whole gets progressively darker throughout, which is only natural given that Adrian is growing up, shedding some of his childhood innocence, and experiencing the world as an adult. However, as the series goes on, his friends and family lose their patience with and tolerance of him; admittedly he brings some of it on himself, but at times they're quite openly hostile or nasty towards him, which is a bit jarring compared to earlier books. Additionally, while some of his complaining still comes off as immature {{Wangst}}, he also accumulates more genuine worries, often mentions feeling lonely, unhappy and inadequate, and is clearly showing the effects of his troubled adolescence.
* DeadpanSnarker: Adrian thinks he's this. His mother fits the trope much better.
* DearJohnLetter: During ''Growing Pains'', Pandora dumps Adrian twice this way, once because he wanted to see one of her nipples, the other because he started hanging out with Barry Kent.
* DecemberDecemberRomance: Bert and his second wife, Queenie. They get married when he's 89 and she's 78.
* ADegreeInUseless: Adrian's most prominent academic qualification is an A Level in English literature. When he leaves the Department Of The Environment, his jobsearch initially proves fruitless as nobody requires anyone with that particular qualification.
* DeniedParody:
** One publisher mistakes ''Lo! The Flat Hills Of My Homeland'' as a parody of English literature. Ironically it is by far the best reception ''Lo!'' recieves.
** Miss Elf's Nativity play in the first book is an [[TotallyRadical updated for the eighties]] version that she uses to try and [[AuthorTract get political messages across]]. Adrian's father notes that it's the funniest thing he's ever seen and asks who came up with the idea to turn it into a comedy. Adrian keeps quiet, noting in his diary that [[{{Narm}} it wasn't supposed to be funny]].
* {{Determinator}}: Adrian's constant mailing of his work to John Tydeman at the BBC show that he's absolutely dead set on being recognised as a great writer. Tydeman becomes increasingly frustrated with Adrian's constant letters, especially when he starts sending the manuscript for ''Lo! The Flat Hills Of My Homeland''.
* DidNotGetTheGirl: Adrian never managed to get his most constant love interest, Pandora Braithwaite [[spoiler: but the ending of ''The Prostrate Years'' might have changed this.]]
* DIYDisaster: Adrian's father starts a spice rack business in the first book and begins selling them to the neighbours. One of them complains that their spice rack falls apart after a few days.
* ADogNamedDog: The Mole family dog is only ever referred to as "The Dog". When he dies, [[ReplacementGoldfish his successor]] is simply referred to as "The New Dog". Subverted with their third dog, when Pauline names him after Ivan Braithwaite. Adrian is not amused, since not naming dogs is a Mole family tradition.
* EagleLand: Hamish Mancini, Adrian's pen pal in the early books. Also, in ''The Cappuccino Years'', his American literary agent fits the trope.
* TheEighties: First few books take place in the 80's, and Adrian captured the zeitgeist very well.
* EggSitting: A variant of this takes place in ''The Cappuccino Years'', when Rosie [[spoiler:accidentally gets pregnant]] and decides to hire a lifelike simulation baby doll to see if she's ready to become a parent. [[spoiler: The doll's crying drives her insane, and she eventually decides to have an abortion]].
* EmbarrassingMiddleName: Adrian's mother names his new sister Rosie Germaine Mole, after Germaine Greer. Adrian notes that his mother is the only person who liked the "Germaine" bit.
* EpistolaryNovel: The books are formatted as diary entries. Adrian tends to include copies of his correspondence in his entries as well.
* ExecutiveMeddling: In universe example. Adrian's mother submits her book, ''A Girl Called "Shit"'' to a publisher, who insist she retitles it ''The Potato Farmer's Daughter''.
* EvenBeggarsWontChooseIt: In ''The Wilderness Years'', Bianca tells Adrian that she doesn't like the grey slip-on shoes he wears. In response, he tosses them out the window into the gutter along with the socks he's wearing. He later spots a homeless man trying them on and tossing them aside in disgust. When he's burgled, the culprits take everything apart from his underwear, an old pair of trousers, and all his books.
* EverythingIsOnline: Adrian's ex-wife Jo Jo is apparently able to find his bank details, new address, and medical records online. Either that or she's got him under [[SurveillanceAsThePlotDemands a scary amount of hidden surveillance.]]
* FatIdiot: Sharon Bott, Glenn's mother and Adrian's former girlfriend. Unusually for this trope she is implied to have been pretty attractive as a teen, making her a borderline (former) BrainlessBeauty too.
** He seems to think she's gorgeous in her rollerskating togs, but that might be because they're on a rollerskating date he's heard she's easy.
* FollowTheLeader: In universe Adrian tries this twice: Once by writing in the style of ''Literature/BridgetJones'' and once by renaming his novel ''Birdwatching'' to try and capitalise on the success of ''Literature/{{Trainspotting}}''.
** Adrian's mother tried to cash in on the MiseryLit genre with her autobiography ''A Girl Called "Shit!"''
* TheFirstCutIsTheDeepest: Adrian never truly ever got over Pandora after their relationship ended. It doesn't help that he moves in with her in Oxford in spite of the fact that she's married to a CampGay man and is having a relationship with an older lecturer at the university. Even in the later books, they're still in each other's lives [[spoiler: and he may have won her back by the end of ''The Prostrate Years'']].
* FirstPersonSmartass: Since the books are written as diary entries from Adrian's point of view, he tends to add his own snarky comments and observations about the events around him.
* FourTemperamentEnsemble. Among the teenage main characters
** Sanguine: Barry Kent
** Choleric: Pandora Braithewaite
** Melancholic: Adrian Mole
** Phlegmatic: Nigel Hetherington
* FriendsWithBenefits: Adrian and Sharon Bott.
* FrivolousLawsuit: Adrian's mother successfully sues a shoe shop because the stilettos she bought there fell apart while she was trying to climb a mountain in them. She wins the case when her lawyer argues that the shop, "Shoe Mania!" should have removed the exclamation mark from its name so as not to excite hormonal middle-aged women.
* FullNameBasis: Elizabeth Sally Broadway, an occasional acquaintance and one-time crush of Adrian's.
* FunnyAneurysmMoment: ''The Cappuccino Years'' features an in-universe FunnyAneurysmMoment: Adrian sends his proposal for a soap opera about UsefulNotes/TheBritishRoyalFamily to Creator/TheBBC on the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Diana,_Princess_of_Wales 30th August 1997.]]
* FunWithAcronyms:
** Well, Pandora's initials spell out PLEB ...
** The Whelk Association Trust is a rather more "fun" example.
** Socialist Lesbians Against Globalisation.
* GallowsHumour: The author just loves to kill off characters in unusual ways.
* {{Gasshole}}: Glenn Bott gets in trouble for farting in school, and Adrian's mother comments that she's never known anyone to fart so much.
* GenderScoff: When George goes to Stick Insect and their newly born son, Brett, Tania drives Adrian and Pauline back to Leicester from Skegness. When they get back, she tells Paulines that "''All'' men are bastards" and shoots a dirty look at Adrian, who takes major offense to this.
* GoldTooth: When Adrian enquires about suing Barry Kent, he notices that the solicitor he visits sports a gold tooth. He remembers advice his grandmother gave him not to trust anyone with a gold tooth and promptly leaves.
* GoodGirlsAvoidAbortion: [[spoiler: Averted with Rosie. She is really no more "good" or "bad" than any other character, and Adrian takes her to the clinic and she doesn't get chastised or painted as a monster by anyone. Pandora's father claims that his daughter has had at least one abortion, too.]]
* GranolaGirl: The entire Flowers family (except Daisy).
** Brown has his moments. For example, when driving to Newport Pagnell with Adrian to obtain an update on the newt situation, he drives stupidly close to a large truck so as to remain in its slipsteam to conserve fuel.
* GreaterScopeVillain: Adrian's family, his father in particular, consider UsefulNotes/MargaretThatcher to be this given the state of his employment history.
* GrowingUpSucks: Adrian's life gets increasingly crappy as time goes by. When we first meet him, he's being bullied in school and has to deal with his parents, but manages to get Pandora as a girlfriend. By the end of the final book, he has two failed marriages and prostate cancer.
* GymClassHell: Since Adrian isn't physically inclined and Mr Jones, the P.E. teacher is a SadistTeacher, he finds P.E. to be a particularly torturous subject especially when rugby is involved.
* HappyEndingOverride: ''The Wilderness Years'' ends on a bittersweet but clearly optimistic note for Adrian - he has just been through a very low period of his life having lost his SecondLove Bianca, but even that pain has made him mature as a person with him finally getting over Pandora, and he is beginning a very promising new relationship with Jo Jo and a possible career as a chef. There is even a suggestion he might have a future in writing after all. Six years later when ''The Cappuccino Years'' starts he's gone through a bitter divorce, been left a struggling single parent, is back to be hopelessly in awe of Pandora, is a notoriously poor chef, and his writing career is no closer to getting anywhere.
** This happens again between ''The Weapons of Mass Destruction'' and ''The Prostrate Years'': at the end of the former, Adrian is married to Daisy, they have a baby daughter and he seemingly gives up diary-writing because 'happy people don't keep a diary'. At the beginning of the latter, their marriage is unhappy (and falls apart over the course of the book) and Adrian is displaying the first signs of his prostate cancer.
* HaveAGayOldTime: Gleefully played with by Nigel, who starts up a Gay Club at school. When the headmaster objects, Nigel pretends that it's for "pupils who want to be frisky, frolicsome, lively, playful, sportive, vivacious or gamesome during the dinner break. What's immoral about gaiety?"
-->'''Pop-Eye Scruton:''' "Nigel, the word 'gay' has changed it's meaning over the past year. It now means something quite different."
-->'''Nigel:''' "What does it mean, sir?"
-->'''Pop-Eye Scruton:''' "...."
-->'''Nigel:''' "Sorry sir, I can see that I will have to get an up-to-date dictionary!"
* HeroicBSOD: Adrian is no stranger to these, but the biggest one comes during ''Growing Pains'' after Pandora dumps him. He runs away from home, then upon returning, spends several days lying in bed incapable of mustering up the effort to get up. He gets better when Pandora comes back to him.
** He also spends some time running with Barry Kent and his gang, and even visits the Kent home (which turns out to be a much less dysfunctional bunch than his own family). Keep in mind that outside of this time, he considers Barry Kent to be an enemy, and seems to develop a deep-seated hatred of Barry's success as an adult.
** After he loses [[SecondLove Bianca]], he is a broken man, though this thankfully doesn't last long, as he has to pull himself together for his grandmother's funeral and his holiday to Greece and burgeoning relationship with Jo Jo helps him get over it.
* HiddenDepths:
** Bert Baxter can speak fluent Hindi.
** Adrian is surprised how well versed his father can be on cultural matters. There's a reason for this, though; His car's radio is jammed on Radio Four.
* HighSchoolIsHell: Adrian's secondary school life is portrayed as being difficult for him, particularly in the first book where he is bullied by Barry Kent, subjected to humiliation in P.E. classes by Mr. Jones and is generally treated like shit by "Pop-Eye" Scruton.
* HormoneAddledTeenager: Adrian's acne is a source of angst for him in the earlier books and, even into his thirties, he still gets spots. ''Growing Pains'' portrays his sexual frustration, especially when Pandora makes him wait, even dumping him when he feels he can no longer do so.
* HypocriticalHumor: In ''Growing Pains'', Adrian does some last-minute Christmas shopping at Woolworth's on December 23. Then he complains about the long lines and asks, "Why do people wait to do their shopping until there are only two days left before Christmas?"
* ImmediateSequel: ''Growing Pains'' begins the day after ''Secret Diary'' ends.
* InnocentInaccurate: Played for laughs in the first book; Adrian completely fails to pick up the obvious signs of his mother's affair with Mr. Lucas. In the second book, he fails to realize the signs of his mother's pregnancy.
* InnocentlyInsensitive: There are times when Adrian displays a complete lack of tact. When introducing Bianca to his mother, she notes that she has a degree in engineering. Adrian quips that she has not so much as built a LEGO tower since leaving college, which brings her to tears.
* IntergenerationalFriendship: Adrian tends to get along with senior citizens best, throughout his life. His relationship with Rosie can also count. He has mentioned that she's one of the few to understand him, and he's [[BigBrotherInstinct the one she goes to when]] [[spoiler: she needs to get an abortion.]]
* {{Interquel}}: ''The Lost Diaries''... sort of. Falling between the ''The Cappuccino Years'' and ''The Weapons of Mass Destruction'' they were originally published as a weekly column in the ''[[UsefulNotes/BritishNewspapers Guardian]]'' between 1999 and 2001 and were only published in book form in 2008. The chapters remained in limbo in so long most fans assumed they had become a case of CanonDiscontinuity, especially because very little in them is mentioned in the later books.
** Among which include the circumstances of Ivan Braithwaite's death, which are completely different to the description thereof in the book that chronologically follows.
*** Adrian does have a tendency to be a somewhat UnreliableNarrator, so he may simply have gotten things wrong.
* IsThisThingStillOn: Pandora is recorded making comments that offend The Whelk Association Trust. It's expanded on in the tv series, where it ends up destroying her political career.
* ItWillNeverCatchOn / ThisIsGoingToBeHuge: Pretty much every prediction Adrian makes about the results of current events turns out to be utterly wrong.
* ItsAllAboutMe: Adrian, his parents, and many other characters.
* IWasQuiteALooker:
** Adrian's mother apparently [[ShesGotLegs had great legs]] when his father first met her.
** Sharon Bott, though when this set in depends on which book. She is noted to be attractive in the second book, but just a couple of years later has put on weight. In ''The Cappuccino Years'', Adrian notes that she had nice breasts at eighteen, but at thirty, his description of them is a lot less flattering. In the tv series, he is visibly shocked at the change.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Several characters, including Adrian himself. He comes off as rather jerky when we read his inside thoughts, but he'd pretty much stick up for anyone he cares about. Adrian's parents are basically neglectful but do actually love Adrian.
* KafkaKomedy: There's a distinct element of this. While he makes a lot of trouble for himself, at other points life just appears to enjoy raining shit on Adrian.
* LawyerFriendlyCameo: Literature/BridgetJones dines in the restaurant where Adrian works in ''The Cappuccino Years''. Adrian and his boss briefly ponder the implications of a person getting famous after their private diaries are published and become best-sellers.
* LikesOlderWomen: Martin Muffet, Adrian's stepfather during ''The Wilderness Years''.
* LiteraryAgentHypothesis: See above under
* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters: Enough that some of the books had a list in the back to enable the reader to tell them all apart.
* LoveMakesYouCrazy: Eleanor Flood, who resorts to stalking Adrian and eventually [[spoiler:burns his (non-insured) house down.]] Adrian has bordered on this himself with some of his own love interests.
* LowerClassLout: Barry and all the Kent family.
* ManipulativeEditing: Adrian mentions that this happened when the local news aired an interview with Bert Baxter. Justified because it had to be done in order to turn Bert's foul-mouthed ranting into something halfway fit for the evening news.
* MeaningfulName:
** Mr. Niggard the bank manager early on in the series.
** Mr. B'astard the landlord later on.
** Adrian's manager at the Book Shop, Mr. Carlton-Hayes. Carlton Hayes hospital was the psychiatric hospital just outside Leicester.
** Adrian notes that Peter Savage is a fitting name for a man [[HairTriggerTemper of his temperament]].
* MayDecemberRomance: Pandora and Cavendish have an affair in ''The Wilderness Years''. He's a college professor in his sixties, whereas she's around 24.
* MenCantKeepHouse: Pauline goes to an anti-nuclear protest at Greenham Common and several women join her at the Mole house afterwards. Several of the neighbourhood husbands show up at the house needing their wives to help them with simple household tasks. Mr. O'Leary can't find his pyjamas and Mr. Singh doesn't know how to use an electric kettle.
* NeverMessWithGranny: After Adrian's grandma learns he's being tormented by local bully Barry Kent, she goes out, returning a little while later with the money Barry took from Adrian, and assurances that he won't be bothering Adrian again. Next day, Adrian writes, "It is all over school that a seventy-six-years-old woman frightened Barry Kent and his dad into giving back my menaces money," although [[NoodleIncident precise details of what happened are never given.]]
* NoCanOpener: Happens in one of the early books when Adrian goes on a camping trip, causing him to note "Thank God cheese doesn't leak, break, soak up water or come in a tin."
** Perhaps because of this incident, when he ran away from home in the second book, he made sure to take a can opener with him.
* NoPlansNoPrototypeNoBackup: Adrian has only one copy of his manuscript for ''Lo! The Flat Hills Of My Homeland'', which makes it frustrating for John Tydeman every time Adrian sends it to him, especially when Adrian asks him to photocopy it for him. [[spoiler: Presumably, it's destroyed when his house burns down at the end of ''The Cappuccino Years''.]]
* NotEvenBotheringWithAnExcuse: In ''Growing Pains'', Adrian has to have one of his front teeth pulled, and some of his classmates tease him about it. Two days later, still embarrassed and depressed, he stays in bed all morning instead of going to school. He manages to pull himself together and go to school in the afternoon, so he asks his mom for an excuse note. She writes a note that says, "Adrian did not come to school this morning because he didn't get out of bed until 12:45."
* ObliviousToLove: Adrian is pretty dense when women are making the move on him. Notably, Bianca drops several huge hints towards him before they get together and he is called out for his not picking up on this by both his mother and his landlord. He's partly also afraid to make the first move himself being afraid of misjudging the situation.
* OddballInTheSeries: The third book, ''The True Confessions Of Adrian Albert Mole'', has a different feel from the rest of the books. There are several {{Time Skip}}s, a couple of segments that don't fit with the canon of the later books (such as Adrian [[UnreliableNarrator apparently]] speaking on Radio Four), and a [[AndNowForSomeoneCompletelyDifferent sudden change of POV characters]] about midway and two thirds of the way through the book. The author's notes even state that it's not really a Mole book.
* OneDrinkWillKillTheBaby: Marigold Flowers reacts with absolute horror when Adrian offers her a glass of wine while she's pregnant (although [[spoiler: she's faking it so he will agree to marry her.]]) Adrian states that his mother did ''not'' adhere to this belief, and drank three cans of Guinness a night during her pregnancy.
* PapaWolf: Adrian and his father have both had moments.
** Unfortunately, one of these moments was averted, leading to the incident mentioned in NeverMessWithGranny.
* PerpetualPoverty: In the early books, Adrian's parents are constantly broke, especially given how they both tend to be out of work or in crappy jobs that they hate. This likely turns Adrian into the spendthrift that he is. Adrian himself goes through this as an adult as well.
* PocketProtector: Bert Baxter has a Bible with a bullet hole through it, and claims that it saved his life during WWI. Adrian notices that the Bible was printed in 1956.
* {{Polyglot}}: Pandora studied Russian, Mandarin, and Serbo-Croat at Oxford and eventually earned a [[InsistentTerminology [=DPhil=] (and not a [=PhD=] as Adrian states)]].
* PornStash: Adrian's mother discovers the porn mags he has hidden under his mattress. She also discovers the phone bill (hidden for completely different reasons) and assumes there may be some additional perversion. At least, until she finds out it was a collect call from TUNISIA.
* PrettyFlyForAWhiteGuy: In the early books, Adrian's classmate Danny is a Jamaican Rastafarian who happens to have albinism. After he calls Adrian a "honky" Adrian writes: "what a cheek, he's twice as white as I am!"
* PronounTrouble: In ''Weapons of Mass Destruction'' Adrian's employer, Mr Carlton-Hayes, always refers to his unseen partner Leslie (a unisex name) by name rather than "he" or "she," leading to a RunningGag throughout the book whereby Adrian wonders whether Leslie is male or female. [[spoiler:''The Prostrate Years'' reveals that Leslie is a man. Not only that, but Adrian looks forward to going to Mr. Carlton-Hayes' house to find out Leslie's gender.]]
* PutOnABus: Several characters. The most prominent is probably Adrian's younger son William, who moves to Nigeria to be raised by his mother and is never seen again. Sue Townsend justified this in an author's note a the end of ''The Prostrate Years'' by stating that William restricted the storylines she could do with him.
* {{Pyromaniac}}: Eleanor Flood has a tendency to set things on fire when anyone wrongs her. She burns down Adrian's house when he spurns her advances.
* RacistGrandma: Adrian mentions that his grandmother is "not keen on black, brown, yellow, Irish, Jewish or foreign people".
* RapunzelHair: Poppy Flowers has "the longest hair (Adrian has) ever seen" and it takes her four hours to wash and blow-dry her hair.
* RealitySubtext: Adrian's friend Nigel loses his sight over the course of the books, as the author did in real life
* ReallyGetsAround: Pandora, at least according to Barry Kent in one of his letters to Adrian from prison, slept with many people of varying nationalities while at Oxford. In her autobiography, ''Out Of The Box'', she tallies up the number of lover she's had to 112.
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: Adrian gives "Pop-Eye" Scruton an epic one in letter format. This causes him to have a VillainousBreakdown and ''retire due to mental stress''.
* RelativeError: Adrian, when aged fifteen, is allowed to witness the birth of his sister because the nurses assume he's actually the baby's father.
* RememberTheNewGuy: Wayne Wong from the later books is established to have gone to school with Adrian, but he doesn't appear in the early books.
* RetCon:
** In ''The Lost Diaries of Adrian Mole'', Jo Jo's second husband is named as "Colonel Ephat Mapfumo." In later books he is Wole, to which Adrian's son William changes his own name in honour of the stepfather.
** Rosie is initially described as "looking exactly like Baby Spice" (Emma Bunton, who is blonde and pale) but by ''The Prostrate Years'' she has dark hair and skin [[spoiler: which leads Pauline Mole to suspect that Mr Lucas is Rosie's real father, later confirmed by a DNA test on ''The Jeremy Kyle Show'']]
** There's some confusion over the ages of Adrian, his son Glenn, and Rosie at different stages in the books. The Other Wiki goes into more detail. Glenn appears to gain 5 years (born in 1990 but joins the army aged 17 in 2002.)
** To say nothing of the death of Ivan Braithwaite ...
** Scruton retires during ''Growing Pains'', but during ''True Confessions'', Adrian mentions that he is still headmaster at Adrian's school.
** ''The Wilderness Years'' is set in 1991, during which time Adrian moves to London from Oxford thanks to a change in career and a new girlfriend. He's also established to have only passed one of his A Levels; English. In ''The Cappucino Years'', he mentions in 1997 that he's been living in London for the past eight years. He also mentions that he has two A Levels, both of which took him three attempts to pass, though it is possible that he attempted Biology again in the intervening years.
** Adrian's grandfather's name was Arnold in the second book, but he's later referred to as Albert and Arthur.
* TheRival: Barry Kent, for most of the series. Adrian's half-brother Brett occasionally fills the role instead.
* RomanticFalseLead: In ''The Wilderness Years'', Pandora's boyfriend Jack Cavendish. Her husband Julian may also count; Adrian is clearly jealous, although Julian is a FlamboyantGay and it's a marriage of convenience.
* RunningGag:
** Adrian's talking to many people about the Norwegian Leather Industry, and how they're all bored/annoyed by it.
** In ''The Prostrate Years'', most people Adrian talks to mispronounce the word "prostate." It's even in the book's title.
** Everyone comments on the swans hanging around Adrian's flat in Rat Wharf saying "They can break a man's arm, you know."
* SadistTeacher: Reginald "Popeye" Scruton generally tends to make Adrian's life hell in the early books. He's implied to have been in his prime during the days when teachers could still physically beat students. Adrian's diagram of interpersonal relationships in ''Growing Pains'' lists him as a villain alongside Mr. Lucas, Margaret Thatcher and the Manpower Services Commission.
* ScrewPolitenessImASenior: Bert Baxter.
* TheScrooge: Adrian is notoriously tight fisted with his savings in the earlier books. He buys a "gold" necklace for Pandora for Christmas at a cost of £2.50, which gives her a rash as she is allergic to non-precious metals. He gives his building society a month's notice of his intention to withdraw money for his running away from home fund so as not to lose the interest.
* SecondLove: Bianca Dartington in ''The Wilderness Years'' is this in both a romantic (first requited romance after Pandora) and biological sense (she is literally the second woman Adrian has ever been intimate with). Perhaps not a straight-up example - [[spoiler: Adrian and Bianca separate at the end of the book when Bianca goes off with Adrian's new stepfather, who, ironically, was his mother's second husband.]]
* SeparatedByACommonLanguage: Hamish gets hold of Adrian's diaries and sends him a long letter with a list asking what most of the terms Adrian uses mean.
* SeriesFauxnale: ''The Wilderness Years'' wraps up many long running plot threads from the first half of the series. Notably [[spoiler: Adrian's grandmother is killed off]], Adrian goes through severe CharacterDevelopment and ''finally'' gets over Pandora and finds love with someone else [[spoiler: first Bianca, then Jo Jo]]. There is even a suggestion that he just ''might'' have some talent at writing after all when [[spoiler: Angela Hacker, after rubbishing his prose admits that that at least one of ideas is brilliant.]] The gap between ''The Wilderness Years'' and the following book is also the longest in the series.
* SharedUniverse: With Helen Fielding's ''Literature/BridgetJones'' novels, according to a throwaway gag in ''The Cappuccino Years'' where Adrian and Bridget are briefly in the same room.
* ShoutOut:
** Literature/BridgetJones makes a brief appearance as a character in ''The Cappuccino Years'', when Adrian hears of her diaries being published and later sees her out on a lunch date in the trendy London restaurant where he works. He then tries imitating her writing style in his own diary but very soon decides that [[TakeThat it's irritating]] and reverts.
** When Adrian incorporates his work at Savage's restaurant into his book, he creates an {{Expy}} for his co-worker Luigi named [[Franchise/SuperMarioBrothers Mario]].
* SlapSlapKiss: More like divorce divorce kiss. Adrian's parents are always splitting up and then reuniting.
* SmallNameBigEgo: Adrian is, or wants to be, this - he considers himself a celebrity (due to once presenting a show on cable about how to cook offal) and a gifted author (although his unpublished work is terrible, and his only published book was written in his name by his mother. Ironically, his personal diaries are very well written.) He frequently writes to famous people to offer "suggestions" about their lifestyles, ask for favours (e.g. to speak for free at the Christmas dinner for his book club) or ask radio/TV executives to give him his own show.
* StalkerWithACrush: Adrian is almost this to Pandora in the early books, after they break up as teenagers (and Pandora eventually marries another man.) In ''The Cappuccino Years'' he acquires his own StalkerWithACrush, Eleanor Flood.
* StarterMarriage: Adrian's love interest Pandora deliberately has one of these; it's a marriage of convenience, since her husband is gay, and she believes that first marriages should "be got over with quickly."
** Adrian and Jo Jo's marriage also counts. It lasted only a few years, due to them having too many social and cultural differences to be sustainable.
* StatuesqueStunner: Adrian's first wife, Jo Jo is almost six feet tall and noted as being way out of Adrian's league. Part of the reason that his marriage with her breaks down is that he's insecure of the fact that she's taller than him.
* StayInTheKitchen: Part of the reason Adrian's teen relationship with Pandora fails is that he wants to marry her straight out of school and expects her not to work outside the home, whereas Pandora has ... higher aspirations (see TheAce above.)
* StrawFeminist:
** Adrian's mother goes through a phase of this in the first two books after reading ''The Female Eunuch'', even giving Rosie the middle name Germaine after Germaine Greer. Although it's toned down in later entries, she does include an entirely irrelevant chapter about gender politics when she writes a cookbook in Adrian's name.
** Pandora, to a lesser extent, although most of this is just not conforming to [[StayInTheKitchen Adrian's expectations]] for her.
** Pauline and Pandora can probably be seen respectively as the author's opinions of second and third wave feminism.
* StrawMisogynist:
** Adrian is a mild example in the early books, given that he [[StayInTheKitchen wants Pandora to marry him and have children right out of school]].
** George is quite sexist, especially towards Pauline, having only married her for her looks. He goes mad when he hears that the Navy have appointed a woman to captain one of its warships.
** Bert Baxter comes across this way at Christmas dinner while ogling Gloria. Most of this is [[ScrewPolitenessImASenior down to his age]].
* StrawVegetarian: In the second book, Pandora blames all of Adrian's problems on the fact that he eats meat.
* StylisticSuck: All of Adrian's writing. Some notable examples:
** He tries to write a book with no vowels. Dsn't g wll.
*** Ditto for his awful pseudointellectual novel ''Lo! The Flat Hills of My Homeland''.
*** And his epic poem ''The Restless Tadpole'', which one publisher dismissed as "effete crap".
** ''The Prostrate Years'' has Adrian's mother trying to write her own book, a MiseryLit memoir entitled ''A Girl Called "Shit"!'' The publisher wasn't impressed. Probably because it was full of BlatantLies.
** Barry Kent's poetry is similarly awful, yet he is incredibly successful at it. It ''is'' marginally better than Adrian's, but that's more a measure of how bad Adrian is.
** There's also Adrian's tv show, ''Offaly Good'', where he is utterly wooden and on an obscure channel.
* SuspiciouslySpecificTense: In ''Growing Pains'', Adrian is writing about "Stick Insect", the woman he thinks is his father's ex-mistress: "I have just realized that Stick Insect used the present tense when she was referring to her relationship with my father. It is absolutely disgraceful. [[ComicallyMissingThePoint A woman of thirty not knowing the fundamentals of grammar!]]"
* TeenGenius: Adrian's classmate "Brain-Box" Henderson, who reappears as an adult in ''Weapons of Mass Destruction''.
* TeenyWeenie: Adrian regularly measures his penis in the first books and he worries that it's too small. Subverted in ''The Wilderness Years'', when he visits a nudist beach and discovers he's no less well endowed than anyone else.
* TelegraphGagSTOP: In the first book, Adrian receives a confusing telegram from his mother stating "Adrian stop coming home stop" and disregards it: "? How can I 'stop coming home'? I live here." This leads to later problems when his estranged mother turns up "without warning".
* TextualCelebrityResemblance: In ''Growing Pains'', Nigel tells Adrian that he looks like Dustin Hoffman, to which Adrian's mother scoffs "You should be so lucky, dearie." In ''The Wilderness Years'', random passers-by mock him for looking like John Major.
* TimeSkip: After ''Growing Pains'', which is an ImmediateSequel to the first book, subsequent books take place several years after the previous books. Adrian's section of ''True Confessions'' starts off while he's still in school and has sporadic entries over a number of years, noting Adrian's post O Level schooling and the beginning of his subsequent employment at the Department Of The Environment. ''Weapons Of Mass Destruction'' features a time skip of a year after [[spoiler: Robbie's death]] during which Adrian has sold his Rat Wharf flat, gotten back with Daisy, moved into the spare converted pigsty that his parents have bought, and had a daughter.
* TheBabyTrap: Marigold tries this on Adrian, [[spoiler:but turns out to have been faking it.]]
* TheTopicOfCancer: Adrian suffers from prostate cancer in ''The Prostrate Years''.
* ThemeNaming: Daisy, Marigold and Poppy Flowers
* ThereIsOnlyOneBed: Many years after they had ended their sexual relationship, Adrian and Sharon Bott are forced to sleep in the same bed for a night. Sharon's current boyfriend almost starts a fight with Adrian when he finds out.
* TrademarkFavoriteFood: Bert Baxter really likes beetroot sandwiches.
* UpperClassTwit: Julian, Pandora's first husband
* UptownGirl: At least four of Adrian's love interests are this. Pandora, Daisy and Pamela Pigg are all from wealthy upper-middle-class families (with Adrian writing to an agony aunt at one point because he fears class will keep him and Pandora apart.) Adrian's first wife, Jo Jo, is a titled aristocrat in her native Nigeria. Interestingly Adrian is ''[[GenderFlip himself]]'' one of these for Sharon Bott (in Adrian's words he is "upper-working/lower-middle class", she is "lower-working/underclass".)
* VillainEpisode: [[GreaterScopeVillain Margaret Thatcher]] is given ADayInTheLimelight in the third book.
* VisualPun: Adrian laughs on hearing that William has changed his name to Wole in honour of his Nigerian stepfather and become "Wole Mole." This is purely a visual joke for the reader, since Wole is pronounced "wol-eh."
* VomitChainReaction: Happens on a field trip in the first book, beginning with the school bully and ending with a teacher.
* WarIsHell: A key theme in ''Weapons of Mass Destruction'', as seen through Glenn's experiences in Iraq, involving [[spoiler: the death of his best friend Robbie.]]
* WhenIWasYourAge: When Adrian buys himself new pyjamas because the old ones are two childish, his father says that when he was a kid, he slept in a nightshirt made out of two coal sacks stitched together.
-->I phoned my grandma to check this suspicious statement and my father was forced to repeat it down the phone. My grandma said that they were not coal sacks but flour sacks, so I now know that my father is a pathological liar!
* WhoNamesTheirKidDude:
** Cindy, Barry Kent's ex, names her child ''Carlsberg''.
** Adrian's landlord in ''The Wilderness Years'' has three children named Tamsin, Griffith and ''Alpha''.
* WhyDoYouKeepChangingJobs: While in the first three books, Adrian is a schoolboy, during the TimeSkip in the third book, Adrian starts to work as [[DeskJockey a clerical officer for the Department Of The Environment]] until his resignation letter (that he was not going to submit) is accepted in the fourth book and he is promptly ejected from the building. From there, he gets a job washing dishes at Peter Savage's restaurant and, in the next book, has been promoted to [[CordonBleughChef Head Chef]] until the place closes, when he somehow manages to become a celebrity chef on a terrible show on an obscure tv channel. In the following book, he [[BurgerFool is working at a roadside burger van]] before finally settling into working at a bookshop.
* WomenDrivers: Tania Braithwaite is a mild example in that she refuses to drive above 30 mph.
* WrenchWench: Bianca Dartington is a qualified hydraulic engineer, albeit reduced to working in a newsagents and then as a waitress.
* WriteWhoYouKnow: In universe, "Aiden Vole" from Barry Kent's highly successful novel, ''Dork's Diary'', is basically a CaptainErsatz of Adrian.
** Which also makes Barry Kent into something of an AuthorAvatar. The books actually exist in universe, written by Sue Townsend, whom Adrian thinks is stalking him, stealing his journals, and passing them off as her own work. (His memory is bad enough for him to really think this, even if events are only vaguely similar.)
** Adrian tries this with his own novel, basing characters on people he knows and puts his protagonist into similar situations to the ones he's just witnessed. For example, when he hears that Barry Kent has written a character based on him, he adds a character named Kent Barry to ''Lo! The Flat Hills Of My Homeland'' purely out of spite, who is stated to be a failed writer.
* {{Yandere}}: Eleanor Flood develops an obsession with Adrian, believing them to be in a relationship when they're not. She burns his house down when she sees Pandora leave.
* YourCheatingHeart: Adrian, who became involved with Daisy while he was ''engaged'' to her sister Marigold. In ''The Prostate Years'' his marriage to Daisy breaks down when she has an affair of her own. Adrian's parents have had multiple affairs and are forever splitting up and changing partners; notably, his mother's lover Mr Lucas [[spoiler:turns out to be the real father of Rosie]] while his father ends up [[spoiler: fathering Brett with Doreen "Stick Insect" Slater.]]
** This manages to become (at least for Adrian's desires) something of a TangledFamilyTree as [[spoiler: Adrian's mother marries Pandora's father, and Adrian's father marries Pandora's mother, making the double-step-siblings for a time...until everyone divorces and gets back with their original spouses]].
** Bianca ends up leaving Adrian for his stepfather, Martin Muffet.
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