Knights. Medieval knights in full plate armor were actually fairly fast and mobile, having been trained from a very young age and usually having a suit of armor made specifically for them to facilitate easy movement and comfort. Earlier knights who wore mail (chainmail for D&D fans) were even more so. When a modern day nurse can do cart-wheels in an authentic armor one realises that "literary tropes of the 19th through 20th century" that exemplified the clunkiness and slowness of the armored knight were just that: pure fiction. Watch this video
The fiction claiming the knight was as movable as a brick forgets a true 14th century full armor was lighter than full equipment (body armor, helmet, water bottle, rifle, backpack et al.) of a modern trooper.
Samurai wore the heaviest armor in their culture, but were still quite maneuverable. The fact that they were mounted archers and spearmen as well as swordsmen gave them a lot of opportunities for lightning strikes from a variety of distances.
A smaller scale example would be the housecat compared to most domesticated animals. Despite their small stature, they can take a fall from quite a height, is as quick as it is agile, and are very efficient hunters that are known to kill a wide variety of prey.
The Tyrannosaurus rex. Scientists believe that its top speed was surprisingly fast for its size given its gracile legs.
The much smaller, though still massive carnotaurus may have been the fastest large theropod of them all. There's evidence it used its speed to hunt sauropods.
Cetaceans in general are heavy and very strong animals that can very easily reach high speeds, but the larger baleen and sperm whales can sink boats and move faster than them.
Homo Heidelbergensis. Some were six feet tall, the African ones very well adapted for running, and all were extremely strong.
The Irish wolfhound is one of the fastest dogs yet still (was) powerful enough to bring down a wolf single handendly. They are also the tallest breed of dog, and it's told that in war would knock a person off their horse.
It is worth noting that due to the physics and biology involved almost any creature of a certain size and mass will be this; in general if muscles can exert enough force to cause serious damage to something they can also exert enough force to cause whatever owns them to move very quickly. Elephants are generally considered to be the perfect example of 'slow but strong' but as said above they're perfectly capable of moving incredibly quickly if they want to. Most evolutionary paths also deliberately head into Lightning Bruiser territory because being good at everything and bad at nothing is usually a better survival strategy than being execellent at one thing and bad at everything else (there are exceptions.)
Elephants. Notable for their size and strength, but can run up to 25 mph (40 kph) and swing their trunks pretty fast!
Bruce Lee. Legend has it that he could hit a leather punching bag so hard that it would tear a hole in it and so fast that a 24-frame-per-second video camera would have trouble following him as anything but a blur. Infact, one of his greatest feats was defeating karate legend Chuck Norris!
The army of Belisarius, capable of a rapid offensive campaign in North Africa, traditional battles of maneuver along the Persian border and slow, grinding seige warfare in Italy. Belisarius himself, if his reputation is to believed, was also this. His weakness was court politics.
Swordfishes. One of the fastest fishes in the sea, it can painfully kill an unlucky person if it jumps out of the water and skewers them.
Mako sharks have all the expected ferocity of a shark combined with a particularly fast swimming speed, clocked at up to 46 mph or even faster. They can shoot 30 feet out of the water and are particularly infamous for jumping into the fishing ships that have hooked them.
Why did the Medium Tank evolve to become the Main Battle Tank? Because it was destined to do so whereas the Heavy Tank was doomed to become obsolete.
Medium tanks are in practice much heavier than past "heavy tanks" and the famed T-34 became via upgrades more or less a heavy tank before the T-54/T-55 series replaced it. The answer is in superior engine and transmission design in the modern age, which allows 50-ton tanks to run faster than "mediums" of the past.
The M1 Abrams tank can (with the governor removed) travel at up to 60 miles per hour on paved roads. Very few tanks can claim to be better protected than the Abrams. Whether or not it's the best tank in the world is a matter of debate.
Every single well designed modern tank fits this trope. While heavier then WWII counterparts, advances in engine design have also turned them significantly faster, while advances in track design has improved their ability to negotiate rough terrain. All this while thickening armor, and enlarging the gun (to get past the competition's equally improved armor), as well as adding side functions, like setting up smoke screens and launching missiles. The result is a vehicle that can hit harder than anything else on the ground barring more specialized artillery, take more punishment than anything else on the battlefield that isn't a fortified bunker (which unlike a tank, can't actually move), and yet is still mobile enough to keep up with many lighter vehicles, especially in rough terrain, where it can often even outpace them. Essentially, the definition of a lighting bruiser.
For a great example, watch this. OK, it might be mostly staged, but if you watch after the 3:20 part, you'll see the lightning part take effect.
The Abrams trades its combination of armor, weapons and speed in fuelnote it even has speed inhibitors to help with the fuel problem, even then it has a milage of around 5 gallons per mile, in jet fuel and high maintenance, effectively lowering its range drastically. You can't get away from competitive balance in the real world, it seems.
The German PzKpfw V Panther tank was a perfect example of the Lightning Bruiser. It was well armoured, had excellent 75 mm gun that could punch through practically any tank in Allied service throughout the war, and was faster than any other tank in the German arsenal. Compared to the vaunted Tiger, it was only slightly less well-protected, much lighter, more reliable, and cost much less to produce. Its only real flaws were that it still wasn't all that reliable and couldn't fire a really good high-explosive shell, but the fact remains that it was by far the most cost-effective and "balanced" tank the Germans had.
For that matter, the BT series of Russian tanks, when first introduced, particularly the BT-7, though by that time the armor on the BT series was heavily outclassed.
Panther was not significantly faster than other German designs, the small Pz 38(t) and the Pz III - Pz IV series were just as fast. Early (and much lighter than post-1940) versions of Pz III could hit 80 km/h if forced and Pz III Ausf N prototypes fitted with railway wheels could run 100 km/h on the rail track, but on cross-country this would damage treads and transmission, so the designers made the gear ratios to limit the speed to just over 40 km/h on most tanks. Original Panthers could run 50-55 km/h, but the designers limited the top speed to just over 40 km/h as well. The true advantage of the Panther above all previous German designs was the possibility to build the hull large enough to fit the massive Maybach HL230 600-700hp engine, for this allowed very heavy armor in front and long 75mm gun while keeping good performance on road and cross-country. Allied tanks had to do either with a fragile Sherman / Crusader like design or an unwieldy turtle like Matilda or M3 Grant. When stronger engines were available, they built their own advanced designs like Cromwell / Comet or T-34/85.
The Panther was tough from the front, but from the sides it was another matter, there it had barely more armour than the Sherman, and its gun, while more powerful than the 75 mm M3 L/40 gun of the standard Sherman, was less powerful than the Ordnance QF 17 pounder of the British Sherman Firefly, allowing these almost-10-ton-lighter tanks to meet the Panthers virtually head on (a potency that made them priority targets amongst the Germans).
Tanks were originally designed to take on infantry in most every circumstance — those out in the open, in fortifications, wherever. By World War II, strategists surmised that designated "tank destroyers" were needed to defeat enemy tanks. These were agile vehicles, carrying large guns and eschewing armor. However, they were not produced in significant numbers, and German Panzers had a knack for holding their own with their own guns and heavy armor. Nowadays, tanks are expected to take on other tanks, in those cases where air support or other anti-tank weapons aren't around. The old infantry support job is now more the task of the Infantry Fighting Vehicle, which is rather handily also a transport.
Most German and Russian TDs were pretty damn heavy Mighty Glacier types, actually, especially those developed from the Tiger, Panther, and IS-1 chassis. The Pz(38), Marder, Hetzer, SU-##, and ZiS models definitely fit the bill though. The Italians had an obscene amount of lightning bruisers, and in fact some of them were nothing more than trucks modified to support 90-150mm cannons, with or without treads. They tended to survive many shots just because the rounds passed through their paper armor, making them more effective than the authentic tank destroyers. At least until they entered machine gun range.
The Boeing 747, for a time the biggest airliner in the sky, is also among the fastest.
Now topped by the bigger Airbus A380, which is not only as fast (in fact during development and testing stage it was brought to almost Mach 1), it's more maneuverable thanks to fly-by-wire (making it easier to land).
Nuclear aircraft carriers in the US Navy, thanks to their nigh-unlimited fuel load and massive horsepower, have a top speed and endurance greater than much smaller ships restricted to diesel power.
Battlebots usually had one of these as tournament winners, as the decently armored wedge-type bots could simply flip over the opponent for a de facto victory. Sometimes they would also have a small saw or hammer in case the enemy bot was too heavy to flip, to first pull off its weapons, then batter it into submission.
Also very frequently seen in Battlebots' UK counterpart, Robot Wars. Notably, Chaos 2, the only 2-time series champion, which was capable of throwing another robot straight out of the arena (which it was also the first robot to do so), and which battled on heroically even after it was outdated and outweighed by up to 16 kilos. Also applies to Tornado and Storm 2, which, despite their respective lack of weaponry, were high powered ramming machines, with Tornado defeating the mighty Hypno Disc, Firestorm and Razer to win the title in series 6 and Storm 2 placing second in series 7 (beating Tornado on the way), where it would have placed 1st if not for producer interference, though it won the World Championship immediately after, and was the only robot to throw another out of the arena without using a moving weapon (doing so through sheer kinetic force).
Tornado's speed is actually only average, it was more of a pusher than a rammer. Also, with its interchangeable weapons (including one specifically built for a fight against Razer), it is better described as the Jack of All Stats. Storm II, however, is a perfect example of this trope.
HMS Dreadnaught, which gave birth to the modern battleship, was faster, better armed and armored than all contemporary capital ships.
The Battlecruisers of the World War I era (and a little bit of WW 2) were intended to be long ranged, very fast ships with serious firepower. For a while they certainly appeared to be, until the events of the Battle of Jutland suggested that the design (at least of the Royal Navy's battlecruisers) was more of a Glass Cannon. The demise of HMS Hood at the hands of the Bismarck was a reminder of this fact.
Any WW 2 'superdreadnought' type capital ship would definitely count. Some of the bigger ones had 18" guns, similar thicknesses of composite side armour, displaced tens of thousands of tonnes, were 700ft or more long and yet still hit 30 knots and more, flat out.
In the battles of the two World Wars, the concept of the "Fast Battleship" emerged; Essentially a battleship-tier warship that had speed comparable to a cruiser, without undue compromise to protection and armament. One of the most triumphant (and the last) examples of this concept was the US Navy's Iowa-class battleships. After carrier power was proven in World War 2, the days of big gun battleships started to come to a close, and the Iowa-class was one of the last.
The battlecruisers had been sound designs at a specific moment in time, that is when Admiral Fisher devised them and only then, because they relied on a technological limitation specific for the preWorld War One years, the low-pressure steam machinery. To achieve the needed speed and horsepower on low-pressure steam, the ship engines had to be gigantic and burn appropriate amounts of coal or oil, after a certain threshold most of the ship displacement was to be taken by engine and fuel. Then came armor weight, turret weight, the weight of the engines needed to move them. In The Edwardian Era, one could build on a given weight a vessel with thick armor, relatively smaller hull, 4 to 6 massive gun turrets, reasonable speed. Or a vessel with a massive and very long hull to house larger engines and boilers, thin cruiser armor to compensate for the weight, quick speed. But not both. All battlecruisers traded both armor and larger hulls than battleships (therefore larger targets) for speed. Once the technological evolution allowed more efficient oil-fired machinery, there was no reason to make compromises, vessels with battleship armor and cruiser speed like Hood, Queen Elizabeth or Nagato were easily within reach.
The F-15 Eagle is an enormous airplane with a max takeoff weight equivalent to a B-17 bomber, but also one of the fastest, most maneuverable and well armed fighters of the 20th century.
The U.S. loves big, powerful planes with a high climb rate. Other examples are the F-4 Phantom II (which held the world speed record for two decades and weighed even more than the Eagle) and the P-47 Thunderbolt, the heaviest single-engined piston fighter ever and one of the fastest aircraft of WWII. The USN WWII equivalent was Grumman F6F Hellcat and the USMC equivalent was Vought F4U Corsair.
So do the Russians. The equivalent of the F-15, the Su-27 is bigger, heavier, and just as fast and maneuverable. It is in fact one of the best aircraft at high angles of attack (AOA), capable of pulling a Cobra even without trust vectoring. The only Western fighter to exceed it in AOA is the F-22. Its "lightweight" adjunct the MiG-29, the equivalent of the F-16, is as big as the F-15 and almost twice as big as the F-16. The big size of Russian fighters comes from the big unrefueled range required to patrol the country with the largest contiguous surface in the world. At least in the case of Su-27, the MiG-29 which was intended for export is kind of short legged. Tu-160, what West report as "Blackjack", is not only bigger and can carry ~20% more at Maximum Takeoff Weight than the B-52, but can also break the sound barrier unlike the Mighty Glacier Stratofortress. Notice the abundance of big and large in this entry.
An Israeli F-15 once lost a wing in a mid-air collision and safely made it back to base. The two engines are strong enough to fly it like a rocket without the need of full lift from the wings.
The fact that the F-15 uses a lifting-body probably helped.
North American "Muscle cars" are great examples of this trope, they are very big and heavy, but VERY powerful due to their large-displacement (>5000 cc) V8 engines. The more modern ones, unlike their 1960s ancestors, can handle themselves around corners as well.
Other examples would be most high-powered Luxury cars and SUVs.
Cranked up to 11 with the Bugatti Veyron: Weighs over two tons (1900 KG). Has over ONE THOUSAND horsepower, 0-60 in 2.4 seconds, and a top speed of 250 mph (400 km/h). If it ever crashed into another car at full speed, it would go through it like a bullet. Then promptly flip over when the spoiler gets torn off.
Also impressive are some of the more modern All-Wheel-Drive sportscars, like the Lamborghini Gallardo and the Nissan GT-R. High horsepower and speed, heavy weight, and excellent handling, all rolled into one. Well put to use in Road Rallies like the Targa Tasmania, giving purpose built rally cars (which are smaller and lighter with much smaller and much less powerful engines) like the Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution a run for their money.
The Oshkosh Striker 3000 airport crash tender can go from 0-50 miles per hour in 35 seconds and can hit 70 miles per hour. Not bad for a vehicle that weighs 87,000 pounds fully loaded.
This pretty much became standard design philosophy for American fighter aircraft during World War II: Build them as fast, tough and heavily-armed as is physically possible.
The P-51 Mustang. When outfitted with the British-designed Merlin engine and a turbocharger, the P-51 turned from a mediocre low-altitude performer to a high-performance long-range fighter capable of going toe-to-toe with the best German fighters while escorting bombers deep into German territory and back. As the war went on and the Luftwaffe's capabilities declined to no more than local air defence, the P-51 was pressed into the ground-attack role, which it also excelled at.
Before the P-51, the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 completely dominated the Allied air forces for over a year, it was much faster and more heavily armed than any of its rivals. Even when more powerful late-war Allied aircraft like the P-51D Mustang and P-47 Thunderbolt entered the war in 1944, the Fw 190 was still on par with any of them, although the deteriorating war situation made spare parts hard to find, especially given the complicated mess that was the Nazi war industry. It also didn't help that a lot of experienced pilots by that point had wound up killed or captured.
The P-51 didn't exactly "excel" at ground attack. Its liquid cooled engine required the use of a radiator, which was very prominently slung underneath the fuselage. Y'know, right in the path of ground fire. Quite a few Mustangs were lost on ground attack missions when their radiators were struck by AAA. The P-51 was very much a Glass Cannon in the air-to-ground role. Pilots joked that the P-51 was extremely easy to shoot down, any sharp-eyed kid with a BB gun could do it.
The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt could well be the Trope Namer for machines. Extremely fast, heavy punch (eight 0.50 cal machine guns instead of the ordinary six) and able to stand punishment. Its mandatory Achilles heel? Range. It was originally designed as a fast interceptor. The late war P-47N had longer wing span, lighter wing load, more powerful engine, better propeller and could stay 7 hours in the air. P-47N pilots scored more victories at Pacific in 1945 than other USAAF pilots.
The F4U Corsairs probably illustrate this trope even better. The earlier Corsairs were among the fastest regular production fighters in the world when introduced, the late-war F4U-4 was actually even faster than the Mustang at almost every altitude, while all marks were more maneuverable than both the P-47 and the P-51. The Corsairs in general had durability to rival even the venerable Thunderbolt, and were no slouch when it came to firepower. Although most had only six .50cal, (comparable to the later Mustangs) the F4U-1C swapped out the Brownings for four 20mm cannon (four 20mm far surpassed the hitting power of eight .50cal, if you're keeping score). This doesn't include the massive ordinance load later "Hogs" were carrying at the end of the war: Up to 4000lbs of bombs and eight 5" HVAR rockets could be loaded onto the F4U-1D operating from land bases in the Pacific. Her main weaknesses were that she was notoriously difficult for inexperienced pilots to fly, and that she cost much more money to build than the slightly less awesome F6F Hellcat.
Bonus points to the P-38 actually being called the Lightning. Late-model P-38s were fast, tough, long-ranged, and well-armed, with the added bonus of a second engine providing a even more survivability. In fact the P-38 was such a fast and maneuverable aircraft it could hang in a fight with single-engine fighters, while most of the other twin-engine heavy fighters in World War II would be thoroughly out-classed by them.
Adding to the P-38's already impressive nature was it's Range, Most fighters had to be in one "Sweetspot" for all their guns to converge on target. The Lightning however, as it had two engines and a separate nose pod, just crammed all it's guns in the nose pod and thus could kill at any range a dogfight was likely to occur.
The P-61 Black Widow was designed as a night fighter. She was a very big machine, heavily armed, (four 20mm cannon and four Browning .50cal machine guns) quite fast for a twin-engine fighter, and at least one story indicates the Black Widow could out-maneuver the P-47.
The F7F Tigercat missed participation in World War II by a matter of weeks, if not days, and may be the king of the twin-piston engine heavy fighters. Top speed of 460mph, highly-maneuverable, the same armament as the P-61, and the legendary ruggedness of a Grumman-designed bird.
The SS United States was an ocean liner that weighed 47,300 tons or so and had a top speed of 38 knots.
The RMS Queen Mary 2 is a more modern example. It displaces 76,000 tones, has a top speed of 30 knots, and can maneuver sideways (almost eliminating the need for tugboats when docking).
Almost? The United States, launched in 1952, used its maneuvering thrusters to dock itself during a New York City tugboat strike in the early '60s. How time (doesn't) catch up.
The biggest Cool Train remains the Union Pacific Big Boy, which had no problems pulling heavy trains up the Western mountains and across the Wyoming prairies at 70 miles per hour. Originally, the engines were rated for 3000-ton trains, namely the Pacific Fruit Express, but it was eventually found that a single Big Boy could pull 4000-ton trains up the Wahsatch grade without help. Its top speed was actually 80 miles per hour, and it produced about 10,000 horsepower at the drawbar. However, the Big Boy consumed massive amounts of coal and water and required extra-length turntables to turn the 133-foot, 625-ton steam locomotive. Thanks to these daunting requirements, it remains unlikely any of the eight preserved Big Boys will be actually restored to operating condition...though the Union Pacific Railroad announced in 2013 they will Break Out the Museum Piece and restore No. 4014.
Modern diesel and electric locomotives are both fast and strong, able to keep up with a car or truck on the highway. A "basic" GEVO-type diesel can produce over 4000 horsepower, and do 60 miles per hour with a long train behind it. The Deltic-type diesels in Britain were the world's fastest and strongest diesels fifty years ago, with a 3300-horsepower engine and a top speed of 100 miles per hour, meaning some have been seen pulling revenue-earning trains in the last few years. And the Pennsylvania Railroad GG 1 electric of the 1930s-1940s could manage 8000 horsepower for short bursts, while topping out at 100 miles per hour.
The Big Boy's slightly smaller cousin, the Challenger, is the world's largest operating steam locomotive today (until the Big Boy runs again), and can keep pace with a diesel while pulling a heavy train. Generally speaking, the bigger the locomotive, the more power it can produce.
The B-36 "Peacemaker". A mighty strategic bomber designed for the purpose of dropping bombs on Nazi Germany - from America, non-stop there, non-stop back, bases in England? What bases in England? When those bases in England proved sufficient, back-burnered until after the war, when it became the original "atomic big stick" and "Magnesium Overcast". Powered by six engines at first...and later, by ten. And so one might assume that it would be massive and about as maneuverable as the proverbial brick privy. But you'd be only half-right, for at operating altitude, the Peacemaker's gargantuan wingspan gave it an advantage in maneuverability over anything else in the sky. In training exercises, B-36s dueled F-86 Sabre jet fighters. In dogfights. And won..
Not quite. The B-36 was huge, but it was plagued with reliability problems, especially engine fires at high altitude. It was sluggish to respond, with one USAF Lieutenant General saying it was like "sitting on your front porch and flying your house around." Better examples of contemporary Lightning Bruisers would be the B-47 Stratojet or Avro Vulcan, both medium nuclear bombers with performance capabilities similar to contemporary fighters.
A serious contender in the challenge of the big fast bombers is the Ju-88, for it was a heavy bomber designed to do 60 degree dive bombing. It could do plenty of other things, like heavy fighter, maritime patrol, night fighter, ground attack and so on (it had dozens of versions), but as a bomber it could dive towards warships or enemy bases with almost 4000lbs of bombs and outmanoeuver fighters. Giants like B-17 could pack a heavier punch, but lacked the manoeuvrability (or the designers had been sane enough to ask "who performs divebombing with a plane approaching in size a B-24").
Similarly, 617 Squadron's various commanders used various aircraft to drop the marker flares for targeted bombing of their precision bombs. The reason it's on this page? Because the first time it was done, the flares were dropped by a standard Lancaster. In a dive-bombing run it wasn't even designed for. The same Lancaster class (possibly the same one that did the dive bombing run) was carrying Blockbuster bombs that night. And the bombardment was precise enough to level a French factory without killing either anyone in the houses around the factory, or the night shift workers in the cafeteria.
Interceptor Aircraft. Often built for the specific purpose of catching-up-to and shooting-down Bombers, Reconnaissance planes and larger missiles, they're designed from the ground up to be extremely fast and pack a serious punch, often because they have a limited number of attack opportunities- aircraft designed for dedicated high speed are usually not very maneuverable, and demanding engines aren't very accommodating for long range. The most infamous example is the MiG-25 Foxbat, which was capable of Mach 3, but would destroy its engines if flown at that speed for more than a few minutes, so it was redlined at Mach 2.8, which was still fast enough for hit-and-run tactics (i.e. find and shoot down the enemy bomber, then get out of there fast before the enemy escorts could fight back).
"Able to do Mach 3 for a few minutes" is a misleading description for the Foxbat, since it could not carry enough fuel to hold maximum speed for more than 300 kilometers (at Mach 3 to 3.2, 300 kilometers are flown in a few minutes)... then you had to slow down and fly back to base for refueling, or crash down.
Speaking of interceptors, the Avro Arrow was bigger, more powerful and faster than similar aircraft of its time. Compared to a Voodoo it was 10 feet longer, 20% heavier, 15% faster, 10% more thrust to weight ratio, and carried 8 rather than 6 AIM-4 missiles. The only downside was a more limited operational range.
Electric locomotives in general. They regularly are able to pull heavy passenger or freight trains with speeds of 200 km/h or more.
Bears. I do not kid when I say that about half of their mass is muscle, meaning if you were get to get an actual bear hug, it would most likely shatter most of your bones...effortlessly. Plus, bears can run at about 30 mph.
Orcas, also known as Killer Whales. They weigh up to 6 tons, swim at around 30mph. Orcas are actually large enough that they can make their own waves and knock smaller animals like sea lions off icefloes. They're pretty smart too.
There's a reason they're the apex predators of pretty much the entire ocean.
Mike Tyson was a boxing legend who could destroy nearly any opponent in the boxing ring.
Muhammad Ali was able to dodge punches easily & deliver lethal blows to his opponents.
Diego Armando Maradona was fast enough to run past his soccer opponents & could kick a ball so hard that it would almost instantly hit the net.
Ostriches are incredibly fast, being able to sprint at about 40 mph and maintain a steady run at 31mph, and while they look fragile, they really are not. A single kick has been known to disembowel a person and kill a lion.
The original six frigates of the United States Navy were designed to be this. Since the fledgling nation couldn't build a navy strong enough to take on that of any European powers, the frigates were designed to be both fast enough to escape from ships of the line but tough enough to defeat European frigates in single combat. Their hulls were much thicker than normal and made from extremely tough southern live oak, which made them able to No Sell light cannon fire.