Was the "9-11" Sundowner and Radien refer to actually Arsenal Gear crashing into Liberty Hall, or was the event more similar to the real-life 9-11?
The real 9-11 since the plant Chapter of Metal Gear Solid 2 takes place in 2009 on April 30th, as stated in that very game.
It's been a while, I guess I just confused the game's timeline with the fact the ending was censored because of 9-11. Oops.
Why are everybody (but Raiden specially) surprised that Bladewolf was a sentient AI capable of speech and communication, when the Patriots were exactly that? Raiden spent an undetermined amount of time speaking to the AI Colonel Campbell.
Because the Patriots put literally billions of dollars into constructing an Artificial Intelligence that could not only control the entire information flow of the Internet and censor what it saw fit, but could converse with Raiden on a highly intellectual level about the philosophy of the Patriots. This takes years of time, dollars, and programming to achieve, AIs on the intellectual scale of the Patriots are not going to be common. Bladewolf even goes out of his way to explain to Raiden that his level of intelligence evolved from being exposed to massive quantities of information on things like culture, literature, movies, and memes, etc. until they all conversed together into a being that understood and appreciated them, that even his ability to speak human language evolved from constant exposure, and that this is not the norm for AIs but the exception. Bladewolf considers himself an abnormal AI, an accident of machine evolution.
Bladewolf isn't an accident, he was designed to be an UG that could operate with human-like intelligence and decision making abilities, and that exactly what he is. He is unique in the sense that there is no other like him, but if you gave a similar AI Brain (which was the key to his success, it is mentioned that his brain has several times the neuronal capacity of other AIs) to another UG and gave it a similar level of education and human interaction, it too would develop like that.
Bladewolf said that his intelligence came from no small amount of luck, he says that even with a high neuron capacity there is no guarantee that intelligence of his level will evolve. Wolf is certainly proof that it can happen but the technology is in its infancy, there is no way there are gonna be hundreds of Bladewolf-like AIs running around just yet.
There is a difference between an accidental discovery, and not being sure of the outcome of an experiment. Bladwolf was an experiment on advanced autonomous AI, and he was build and taught to become something different to a mindless machine, even if full sentience and sapience wasn't 100% sure to be achieved it was still something within the paramaters of the experiment.
In a codec call with Kevin Raiden talks about his nice long conversation with the Patriots at the end of MGS2 and says that even years after the fact he's still not sure if those AIs were actually sentient or just very good at faking it. The conversation even has a throwback to the Turing Test that Strangelove talked about in Peace Walker and referencing the mindfuck of the ending. So in short, not even Raiden is sure if he was talking to sentient AIs or just normal ones programed to fake it.
The distinction is irrelevant, truth to be told. Full AI sentience can't be separated from it's programming, in the same way our sentience depends from the neural connections on our brain, which can be altered or removed. If a machine "fakes" it so well it's impossible to say it is not sentient, then by all means it has become sentient.
I thought Raiden's cyborg replacement were everything below his upper jaw, and the rest of his head was human. But in his fight with Armstrong they headbutted HARD into each other, and considering how strong Armstrong is, there is no way normal organic tissue and bone would survive such impact. So, what's up with that?
There are likely two explanations for this: 1) Along with increasing his strength and speed the artificial musculature of Raiden's new body might have increased the durability of his organic head. 2) Raiden might have some form of metal plating inside of his skull, which is likely why there are screws in his forehead.
The screws (and the bar code!) weren't there during MGS4, so yeah, he probably got the rest of his head augmented or reinforced at some point.
It is mentioned in game that his (Raidens) skin is not real, so most likely the rest of his head is also upgraded. And one of the codec talks says his new body is a full body job so only brain is organic.
How could any of the bosses speak on codec after being sliced to tiny pieces?
Doktor explains that so long as the brain is still intact then a cyborg can stay alive for a period of time after their body has been destroyed. The nanomachines in their bloodstream provide special chemicals that preserve the brain, by doing so the brain then can be transferred into another cyborg body to keep them alive. Doktor notes that had N'Mani been a cyborg Maverick probably could have transferred his brain into another body. Raiden never destroys any of their heads so this gives them time to talk before they die. If you're asking how they relay the Codec signals then probably by activating it with their brainwave patterns.
The main issue there is that only Monsoon's head is ever actually spared being cut to ribbons. Raiden can absolutely destroy Mistral, Bladewolf and Sundowner's bodies beyond recognition, head included.
You don't have to cut their bodies to ribbons, you can just cut them a few times and they are still just as dead. All we know is that they canonically died, how many times they were cut is irrelevant. Bladewolf is probably exempt from this since he is a machine and his entire body is basically one giant computer.
If you actually take a good look at all of them you can't destroy the part of the head that contains the brain. That always stays intact, although everything below the molars is fair game.
First: Gameplay and Story Segregation. You can choose to just cut off a hand, but it's more likely that Raiden took off a lot more than that. Second: Due to how the engine works, If it's a part of their body, it's fair game. Including the brain.
Mistral's post-battle transmission is even weirder, since she was frozen solid before being sliced by Raiden. Her organic brain shouldn't have survived that.
The existence of ghosts and souls has been established in previous games. Presumably this is a variation on that.
Remember in MGS4 how Raiden could project a static-y voice out of his voice box when he was too weak to speak? Safe to assume the bosses are capable of the same thing.
How are they coughing and sputtering while given their final speeches? Even with cybernetic organs, they would likely be far too damaged at that point to even function.
They are using codec, and they don't talk using vocal cords, or at least Monsoon doesn't so presumably they just cough because of Rule of Drama.
Nanomachines have become THE item that explains the series' more bizarre moments (vampires walking/running on water! Soldiers being mind controlled and turned into puppets! Cancer being stopped!), but how on earth can nanomachines allow Armstrong to summon giant walls of fire out of the earth?!
Seriously though, the nanomachines probably have some sort of energy producing device. Whatever allows Raiden to produce electrical energy allows the nano machines inside Senator Armstrong to produce fire energy. It isn't much of a stretch to believe that a man could produce fire with his fists when there are blades that can superheat themselves to the point where they can cut through solid steel.
I believe it's just that the Metal Gear EXCELSUS started exploding so that's why there is so much fire. Why does Armstrong produce it? ....Nanomachines, son!
But there's hardly any fire when Sam fights him on the roof of World Marshal.
Ironically, curing cancer is about the only realistic use of nanomachines in the whole game. That's something scientists today are actually working on.
I've only seen videos so it's possible this is actually explained in the game, but why is Raiden's blood red now?
It's explained in a Codec conversation with Doktor, in the North American version at least, that Raiden's white blood was outdated and inefficient due to the dialysis treatment that it required (that particular drawback kept him out of action for the third and most of the fourth act in Metal Gear Solid 4). The red blood doesn't have that issue. No idea how that particular conversation is handled in the Japanese version, where the blood is still white.
So Raiden claims that he has difficulty blending into civilian society because his artificial skin stands out. In his own words, "I couldn't even hold a job driving an ice cream truck without standing out." To me the skin he dons whenever he's wearing that business suit looks convincing, sure there's a scar near his jawline but other than that he looks fully human. It comes off as an Informed Attribute to me.
Consider that as a Cyborg, He'd have absolutely (except for the aforementioned scar) flawless skin. I believe Uncanny Valley applies.
Also consider he is made of metal. Every step he has must make a strong sound and any accidental physical contact would make people easily notice.
Not metal, he's made of artificial musculature, it's probably no louder than a really buff dude walking around, and ingame his footstep noises are no louder than a civilian that he saves' .
Yeah, sorry, but I don't buy the Uncanny Valley explanation. Cosmetic prosthesis has been used for years to disguise injuries or disfigurements. Modern (that is, 2013) technology can now be used to create near-perfect artificial skin, right down to the veins, freckles, or even fingerprints. Hell, even the cheap latex prosthetics used in movies and television can be nigh-indistinguishable from real skin. I see no reason why Raiden couldn't have a really nice prosthetic face made for himself that lets him walk around without getting stared at.
You're ignoring the fact that Raiden doesn't just have "injuries or disfigurements". He's missing all the skin on his body and most or all of the skin on his face (leaning towards "all" given the markings and method of his dismemberment). That means that all of his skin has the same consistent level of perfection, and his lack of discrete muscles means that they move unnaturally. Even if veins, freckles, and fingerprints were emulated correctly, you still have the issue of the sheer amount of skin following different physics than most people's skin. It's noticeable.
It might be related to discrimination though there might be an unseen element that might be more noticeable in-universe.
I'm a bit confused as to how Raiden's eyepatch works. Is it linked to the nerves in his other eye so that he can "blink" with both "eyes", or is the unit always on so he's always got one eye open?
It has millions of photoreceptor microbes that take in the light reflecting off of surfaces and interprets them as images, and according to the Doktor it has the resolution of a high end picture taking camera. The eye patch actually enhanced his vision more than having an actual eyeball would have. It is never addressed if Raiden can "blink" with his eye patch, but I would imagine if having an "eye" open all the time ever became odd for Raiden that he would have mentioned it so it probably isn't an issue.
On another note, how does Raiden's sword's ability to hack U Gs and warplanes by stabbing them in their "brains" (I'm assuming that's what he's targeting) work? I would imagine such a thing would immediately knock them offline. Is it ever explained? Something in the construction of the blade? A connection to his body through the sword?
When Raiden hacks into the mini gekko he extends a wire from the Gekko and implants it directly into himself. This implies that Raiden is sending a signal from his cybernetics that overrides the machine. The sword might be able to transfer signals on some level as well. Either that, or Rule of Cool is at work.
Little John....where is he?
Raiden's family is in New Zealand. Raiden notes that over there they'll be safe from all the fallout over his illegal actions in America. Also over the course of the various Codec conversations Raiden has with his crew he mentions his family on occasion. They are still perfectly safe and healthy.
Am I the only one who's a tiny bit disappointed that we never got a short dogfighting sequence a-la "Long Night of Solace" when Raiden hijacked that drone?
I have a bit of an issue with the character Mistral. In her backstory it's mentioned that she fought with the French Foreign Legion in places like Iraq and Afganistan. The only problem with this is the Legion only allows men to fight in their ranks. A tradition that has continued to this day. So how come Mistral is mentioned as having served with them?
It's really no more absurd than The Boss serving in World War II or being an elite agent during the early days of the Cold War. I guess we just have to assume that the writers for Metal Gear don't care about gender restrictions and will justify a woman's place in an implausible military setting by saying she was "badass" enough to get an exception to the rule.
A codec conversation also says that Mistral wasn't the first woman to join the French Foreign Legion. No idea if this is true in real life, but it's perfectly consistent in-universe.
Another Mistral question (different troper than above). Her gimmick doesn't make a lot of sense to me. She can plug a bunch of extra robot arms into herself, but the only thing she uses them for is to build her weird pole-arm thingy? Why doesn't she, say, use her robot arms to punch with eight fists at the same time? Or shoot ten guns at once? Or swing 4+ swords at once if she's really that into melee combat? I'm not saying her pole-arm thingy wasn't a cool weapon, I just don't see what good it is having a bunch of extra arms that she doesn't really use.
Now that you mention it, yeah it's weird. Her pre battle cutscene show the arms in great detail, yet she flat out doesn't use them in battle. Then again, they're so tiny compared to her original arms, one can wonder what she could at all with them. She sure ain't Asura.
The arms are used as armor, and probably also used as "extra ammo" for her polearm.
Whats the point if she seems to have mini gekko following her around constantly
The extra ammo theory is confirmed if you pay close attention to the second stage of the fight. Whenever she leaps into the air and uses the pole to slingshot herself into the ground you can see that she's using the arms on her back to extend it's range and when she lands she detaches them from the pole and puts them back on her self. Sure there are mini gekkos all around her but there aren't enough for a full set of arms at a moment's notice and there's still the time it takes to remove them from the gekkos. Still that said, it's a shame all she uses the arms for are armor and ammo, even with short reach it would be neat to see her using firearms or unique grapples.
I assumed that the hands would do something if you were to lose the quicktime/quick slash segments of her fight.
Wasn't Raiden put back into his organic body at the end of MGS4?
It's implied that it was a more human-looking cyborg body so he'd blend in easier in living in theory though Raiden's post MGS4 backstory seems to suggest it didn't work as well as he'd hoped.
The above troper has it right, except it wasn't implied since in all our shots of Raiden's new body at the end of four you can see plenty of lines and barcodes and the like on everything bellow the molars showing that it's still a cyborg body, just much more subtle.
Why did Raiden's upgrade include stripping the flesh from his lower jaw? (I know it was probably fake flesh before, that's not the point.)
More armor? His jaw does end up getting hit a lot.
Considering that Raiden's final appearance in The Stinger has him looking roughly as human as he looked at the end of MGS4 and the beginning of MGR, I suspect it's not so much that he deliberately had the flesh stripped from his lower jaw, but rather that they only had the time and resources to put proper skin on his upper face. Putting Raiden back into action does seem to have been a rush job.
It might also be for psychological impact against non-Cyborgs, given this body was intended to be permanent. If he's very obviously not human and even has a skeletal bottom jaw for extra intimidation value, it's much less likely he'll be forced to defend himself against overconfident human enemies and open up a whole hornet's nest of legal issues. Alternatively the Doktor decided it made for a nice aesthetic, he seems slightly romantic like that.
Holographic memory units in the left hand? Why the left hand? And why the hand? Why not the chest? Or the head? Or the back? Or the leg? Just...why the left hand?
Going through it logically, the head and chest are both going to be targets in a war zone and the most likely to be damaged. Ditto the back and the rest of the torso. Legs can be damaged by landmines and will see a lot of stress on them. Putting it in the hand is good because it's not going to be a target in normal battles and because it allows a convient uplink (like when you have to cut off one commander's hand to open the locked gate, or when the two cyborg guards change shifts by holding up their hands to each other). Putting it in the left hand and not the right can be chalked up to most cyborgs being right-handed, which means that would be the hand used most for violence.
Really? I was under the impression that lost limbs were some of the most common injuries for soldiers. Especially in the Revengeance universe where apparently every soldier and his mother is walking around with high-frequency blades. If the holographic memory unit is analogous to a black box on an airplane I would think putting it in the center of mass where there's the most armor to protect it would be the safest bet.
The centre of mass that is drilled into anyone whose been taught to shoot a gun to aim at above all other targets? Even if it was heavily armoured it's still in the one part of the body that's going to get shot at the most in any theatre of war, not to mention that it has to share with all the organs that are keeping the body working and you lose the advantage of using it as a key-card. As for HF Blades, they do exist but only a few people in Revengeace have a proper one (Raiden, Sam, maybe Sundowner). The key part of the HF blade is the fact that there's a High-Frequency current running through it, whereas the mooks just have a regular machete that can't cut through everything. And lost limbs are common, but that's due to landminds and IE Ds. Cyborgs, being tougher, can just shrug off injuries that would cripple a full human.
Raiden: So Dok, what kind of data can you extract from those left hands, anyway?
Doktor: Oh, all manner of information. But, the short list? Energy consumption, damage level, intracranial and blood pressure, blood sugar, other vitals... GPS history, speed and acceleration data, radio and optical readings... Recorded computations from the internal expert battle-support system...
Raiden: Uh, Dok?
(A bit later in the conversation...)
Raiden: Makes sense. But why the left hand? Why store it all there?
Doktor: Accessibility. A unit can remove it with its own right hand, or it can be recovered if the unit is damaged. I would advise you not to remove your own holographic data storage, however, unless absolutely necessary. To facilitate recording of everything you see, hear, and so on, it is tied directly to your cranial nerves. So each time the storage is connected or disconnected, your hippocampus is stimulated. This can result in memory loss, flashbacks — (and) all manners of...unpleasant effects.
When the Doktor rebuilt and reprogrammed Wolf, why was his chainsaw weapon removed?
They probably rebuilt Wolf to be more of a recon unit than a combat unit. I am guessing that the chainsaw weapon was deemed unnecessary for that purpose.
Why doesn't everyone get powers like Armstrong? They're just nanomachines, those things are everywhere. And it doesn't look like a complicated setup, unlike Monsoons.
Well aside from good old-fashioned anti-cyborg prejudice, I believe there's a codec conversation where someone (the Doktor I think) says that cybernetic enhancements are still very costly at the time of Rising. Armstrong's enhancement (whatever the Hell it is) looks to be far more advanced than any other cybernetics in the game, so it was probably stupidly expensive. Armstrong's enhancements might cost as much or more than Metal Gear Excelsus itself. An army of Armstrongs would be the most unstoppable force on the planet, but it's just not feasible. Yet.
It was mentioned at some point that Vamp's unique physiology made his healing nanomachines work better than they would on someone else. Armstrong might have something similar going on.
Both times that we see Armstrong use his nanomachines, he has to suck the energy out of something else first. Given that he had to drain either a giant Metal Gear or a small fleet of vehicles and part of a skyscraper, it doesn't seem to be the kind of thing that lends itself to mass manufacture, not unless you have even more generators supplying the juice.
Nanomachines doesn't always completely work for everyone, since the rejection for high-level implantation rate is apparently higher than that of cybernetics.
This Troper recalls a codec conversation with Doktor where he proposed that his body may be literally made out of nanomachines (as in sculpted out of a block) that can rearrange themselves at will. To be fair, it isn't exactly a new concept, if a tad bit exaggerated here. Google "Claytronics".
I wouldn't be surprised if Armstrong made an effort to prevent other people from rivaling his strength, and made sure that no one else got their hands on that tech. Going into WMG territory, he may have killed the guy(s) who invented it.
It's mentioned above that cyborg brains are generally treated to survive when severed from the body. This is actually a really good idea from a logistical standpoint, because one of the biggest expenditures of war, time- and money-wise, is training new troops. If you can essentially bring your soldiers Back from the Dead by simply sticking their brains into new cyborg bodies, you soon end up with a genuine Bad Ass Army. So, with that in mind, why do all defeated enemies in this game explode?!?
Because they know too much. If you do enough damage to them it triggers the explosion whilst enemies who are just crippled don't explode and the game counts that they are defeated without being killed. Every Cyborg you come across is doing something that World Marshall doesn't want made public knowledge. Alternatively you do enough damage that it causes their internal power cells to explode, which could have been fixed but would have cost too much and World Marshall is cheap seeing as they outsource most of their cyborgs from third-world warzones.
Some of the explosions might be a gameplay abstraction to get rid of the bodies so they don't have to render the corpses on screen. Enemies that are defeated in nonlethal manners disappear too, so the explosion probably isn't canonically what's actually happening. It seems highly unlikely that every cyborg has a miniature bomb installed in their cybernetics set to explode when they die, that's just absurd.
The Cobra Unit did it back during the Cold War to prevent the enemy from learning secrets from the soldier. It seems pretty damn likely World Marshall picked up on it.
Maybe for a select few who know a great deal of secrets about World Marshal... but every single grunt on the field? That just seems like a waste of resources to have that many bombs inside every cyborg.
Cyborgs are already super expensive, a microbomb probably wouldn't add much to the cost, and would improve security.
Like most confusing things about this game, the matter of the cyborgs soldiers exploding is discussed in the codec with Doktor. He speculates not that it's to prevent the cyborgs' knowledge from falling into the wrong hands, but to prevent the technology in their own bodies from being recovered and studied by rival companies or other such rabble, when the cyborg proves to be unable to defend themselves. It also explains why U Gs detonate as well.
It's been mentioned in codec that the cybernetic bodies Desperado uses contain some pretty secret tech that they'd rather not get stolen, and that the cyborgs using the bodies are informed of the self-destruct feature and are paid extra as compensation.
In The Stinger, the blade that Raiden draws looks similar to his old HF blade. However, he had already acquired Sam's Murasama, so why doesn't he use it instead?
Nostalgia? His old blade worked just fine on your average mook, which is what those guys in the stinger seemed to be, so Raiden wouldn't be handicapping himself too much by going back to his original blade. And there could be something unique about the Muramasa blade that makes it difficult or impossible to conceal/cloak.
Or he gave it back to Bladewolf.
It could easily just be the Murasama + scabbard in the same style case he used for his original blade.
"And besides, this isn't my sword." Raiden did not think of Sam's sword as his own, so I can see him not keeping it out of respect for Sam.
How can Sam use Blade Mode if he's not a cyborg?
He's just that badass.
I thought he was one, just with very few enhancements compared to the rest of his team.
I believe it's partly him being just that good and partly his super-suit, which I think is fuelled by the electrolytes you get with Sam's zandatsu.
While the first guy in the franchise with Super Reflexes was the original Cyborg Ninja, it's since been shown that people don't need cyborg enhancements to develop them. Raiden himself could block bullets with a sword even before becoming a cyborg, and the Boss could shoot down bullets with bullets. The real question is whether or not cyborg enhancements actually increase reflexes/thought speed by default. Given that there's still a human brain even in full body borgs, they just plain might not be able to make someone think faster.
This isn't really related to the game itself, but why does Armstrong act like it's a big deal that he played American football at the University of Texas?
The Longhorns are considered one of the highest-rated and prestigious football teams in the country. If you played for them and had the ability to go pro, you were damn good.
Plus, the whole proudly boasting "back when I played ball in college..." thing is a very american stereotype, and Armstrong is a walking american stereotype played for laughs.
Sundowner says it's to destroy peace in the area and boost business for PM Cs, so there's a good chance it was Armstrong.
Why can you get electrolytes from helicopters? I mean, other UM Gs clearly have biological components, but why do hammerheads bleed?
It could be that they're augmented, or perhaps only resemble helicopters but are in fact U Gs.
"The stock Hammerhead. A real helicopter has more intellect."
What's exactly the point of the Metal Gear Excelsus? Most of the Gears are chiefly exotic delivery systems for nuclear weapons, well armed for defensive purposes but not meant for the front lines. Then you have the Ray, which was built as a stealthy amphibious vehicle with the express intention of hunting Metal Gears. But the Excelsus is a hulking walker which seems to be designed mostly for direct melee, and while tough it obviously wasn't invincible, so it was a HUGE target for artillery and air strikes.
Doktor and Raiden talk about it in a Codec conversation. Dok suggests that it probably has limited use, being good for little other than scaring away non-combatants from a warzone when they see it coming.
From what little we see of it, it seems to have insane tunneling capabilities, which would give it a niche as a strategic weapons-delivery platform. Presumably, it's an upgrade on the Metal Gear's all terrain-ness in that it can ignore terrain AND other armed forces. If the games were go in-depth with it, it'd probably be compared to the rise of nuclear-armed submarines, which were pretty big naval game changers.
As I see it, Excelsus was a vanity project for Armstrong, he envisioned the mech as a glorious, mighty steed he'd ride on while bringing his new USA into existence.