Don't get me wrong, I enjoyed the episode "Dawn of the Eds", but why didn't Ed just wait for Robot Rebel Ranch to come out on VHS, rather then going through all that trouble that got them stuck in a junkyard?
They weren't stuck, they were simply playing in the junkyard. Plus (at least in the dub I've watched) he complained that the version on VHS would have "the best bits cut out".
No, Ed was referring to the TV version of the movie likely having the "good stuff cut out". Unless there was something extremely controversial about the content, movies tend to be left uncut when they make a home video release.
Apparently, Eddy pretends to be a Smug Snake bastard in order to be "cool" to everyone. It's clear that it's not working so why doesn't Eddy just give up the charade?
It's because deep down, he knew that the kids didn't like him and he was too stubborn to see the error of his ways. One scene in the movie explained that he had an Inferiority Superiority Complex, when he broke down crying to Edd, calling himself a "sore wannabe loser." Some of his Jerkass traits were engraved in his mindset.
Alternately, it was all he had. His brother served as his main mentor throughout his life and considering how he turned up, one wondered how available were their parents.
In more then half the episodes, we see Edd inventing many wondrous gadgets and trinkets out of scrap. Also, they often work. If something goes wrong, it's almost always Ed or Eddy's fault. These things Edd makes are remarkable. However, Eddy insists on wasting Edd's talent on stupid pranks and scams that, if they work at all, are all charged under a dollar. Why don't they just sell some of Edd's inventions? Something like a rocket-car would probably go for well over what the Eds are looking for.
That bothers you, but not the episode when they start researching the world around them and break reality?
But at the end of that episode we find out none of that really happened, and the Eds were just imagining breaking reality. Or at least that's what the episode implies, since at the end all the reality breaking no longer works.
In Button Yer Ed, a fly gets stuck in Eddy's throat. How come we don't see the fly before that happens?
It's also a girls' name in India, although in that case it's usually spelled 'Naaz.' There's also the possibility it's a nickname (for, say, Nancy or Natasha or something similar); especially likely considering all three Eds go by shortened versions of their names, as well as Jimmy commonly being a nickname of 'James' and Jonny often being the shortened form of 'Jonathan.'
It's also implied that Nazz wasn't her original name when she mentions that Rolf's goat, Victor, had a misunderstood name change to 'Nazz', and she says "Just like me." Debate continues over whether that was just confusing dialogue or if she actually wasn't named Nazz.
Nazz could be short for Natalie or Natascha
That was more of "Hey! Victor changed his name and now has the same name as me!" It wasn't intentionally implying that Nazz isn't her original name.
Why does violence have to solve nearly everything in Peach Creek?
Because they're KIDS.
Stupid ones, at that.
Plus, the kids don't really know anything about being the better person in situations regarding themselves or the Eds.
It's a slapstick cartoon at its finest.
Why did Danny have to make Plank just a hunk of wood? Everything he does can't be explained by Jonny's imagination.
It's kind of like Stump from Angry Beavers or Scarface (I believe that's his name) from Batman: The Animated Series were believed to be real...erm...people (despite evidence to the contrary) by the people who interacted with them. It's possible that Jonny is so insane (this isn't really that far-fetched from what we've seen of Jonny's behavior) that he actually believes that Plank is alive and therefore thinks that various actions were caused by Plank instead of himself. There actually is a mental condition (I forget what it's called) where people do become so emotionally attached to inanimate objects that they treat them as if they were sentient beings and even marry them (for example, a woman fell in love with a theme-park ride, literally).
Well, not really. That doesn't explain how Jonny knows about stuff that only Plank has "seen", such as when he's trapped in a tree and the Eds trash his kitchen, Plank apparently tells him about it. Sure you can assume that the Eds are in your house and they're likely to break something, and maybe hear some noises, but the kitchen specifically? There are other instances too, like Plank driving a bus in the movie. And yet Word of God states he's just a plank of wood.
Well, they've got huge mouths as well with the Toon Physics and all.
I figured it was sort of an exaggeration with how kids see normal jaw breakers. They're huge and barely fit in your mouth.
Ya, just look up a mega bruiser, it's probably what Danny Antonucci based them off.
Edd never sees his parents. His friends are an idiot and a jerkass. How is he not a screwed-up child? I don't see how he's been able to follow the sticky notes so strictly all this time.
He IS a very messed-up, damaged kid, BECAUSE he follows his parents' wishes exactly. That's the basis of his neurosis and his character. It only makes sense that DD hangs out with Ed and Eddy because it's his only way of attaining that childish freedom he should naturally desire - but that doesn't mean that he wants to act out himself. He does, in fact, have 'problems'; just not the 'problems' we regularly associate with damaged kids.
Yeah, Double-D isn't exactly the poster kid for normality. Remember in the first episode where he VACUUMED Eddy before letting him in his room? And how it was implied that he does this all the time?
In the episode "I Am Curious Ed", Jimmy discovers his fish had babies. He and Sarah then go around asking their friends where babies come from, but no one gives them the correct answer. Here's what I don't understand: Why did everyone assume Sarah and Jimmy meant human babies when they had the fishbowl with them? If they just randomly asked the question out of the blue, then I could understand the assumption, but the fishbowl was in Sarah's hands the whole time, they showed it to people and no one could guess they might've meant fish? Huh?!
Because why would the other kids think that fish have different baby-makin' skills? As far as they probably know at their age everyone mates the same way.
Also, they didn't really show the fishbowl to anybody, it was basically background information to the other kids. They didn't even really ask around that much. They asked Nazz and Rolf, and everybody else just pitched in.
So, the canon ages of the three main characters is twelve. That's fine. Sarah and Jimmy are implied to be maybe three years younger than them. All is well. Somehow, they're all attending Junior High together. Unless that's supposed to be a sign that the characters have aged a year or two over the course of the series, I am utterly lost.
Even if that were true, it wouldn't explain why Sarah and Jimmy are there. Sarah and Jimmy should be in elementary school or the other kids should be in high school. Although it is possible the school the kids attend is a middle school and high school put together, that still wouldn't explain why Sarah and Jimmy share classes with the other kids.
Maybe it's a K-12 school.
Not to mention Nazz, Kevin, and Rolf being (at least supposedly) several years older than the Eds, plus the Kankers not being triplets (as in, there'd have to be at least a two-year age gap between Lee and May), meaning there would be ten-year-olds (Sarah and Jimmy) attending school with teens (Nazz, Kevin, Rolf, and probably Lee, assuming Marie's twelve, same age as the Eds). The K-12 thing makes sense regarding them being in the same BUILDING, but it's been shown at least twice that all of the kids share classes. So either ten-year-olds are learning physics or fifteen-year-olds (or older) are still learning basic grammar. Yeah, I know, thinking too hard about it, but it just does not add up.
It's possible the relative ages of the characters are exaggerated. Jimmy and Sarah might be just a year or two younger than everyone else, but they're viewed as the "babies" and so they seem a lot younger. And then either the Kanker sisters are either adopted or... When was it said that they weren't triplets?
They could all be in special education of some sort (given Ed's IQ, I wouldn't be surprised).
One of the early episodes tells us outright that the Kankers are not triplets since, when they find the Eds, they put them in bathrobes that each of their fathers once owned. This means that they're half-sisters.
One of the explanations possible is that they are simply in a smaller school and that there is a shortage of classrooms. I went to a pretty big high school that has a high rating in the America's schools. However, there was a class where advanced Spanish 5 students shared a classroom with less advanced Spanish 4 students and each group was assigned different homework and received different lessons. Maybe the same thing happens on a larger scale at Peach Creek. Alternatively, Jimmy and Sarah are ahead of their class and Double D didn't move on because he wanted to still with his friends or the next highest class was already full. If that doesn't work for you then consider the MST3K Mantra.
Or, in the most simple explanation, it's because nobody outside of the core group has ever been shown in the series, so the choice becomes either get put in class scenes together, or there's class scenes consisting of one kid with the entire school to himself.
Who exactly watches the kids when they play outside? I mean what if they get hurt or abducted by strangers or other consequences of a lack of parental supervision?
It's the Peanuts syndrome. There probably ARE adults around, we just don't see them, because they aren't relevant to the children's adventures.
There's not anything unusual about 10-12-year-olds playing unsupervised in the suburbs, anyway.
Kids needing to be under close adult supervision at all times when they are playing outside is a very recent mindset. For a very long time kids were allowed to roam free within reason, only coming back "when the streetlights turned on". EE&E could very well be set in anywhere between the late 70's until the late 90's.
Does the show take place in America or Canada?
It appears to take place in America.
I've always thought it took place somewhere near the border.
America. Remember that time they found a box of turkey basters and thought they were "Canadian squirt guns"?
And you can spot an American flag outside the Junior High every once and a while.
This still confuses me but... If they hate it when the Eds constantly scam them... why don't the Cul-De-Sac kids JUST give them jawbreakers? This is why they scam in the first place! So giving them a Jawbreaker might end their scamming! Come to think of it, doesn't anyone notice the Kankers don't seem to be interested in Jawbreakers at all?
How is giving them jawbreakers preferable to giving them money to buy jawbreakers? It's like saying "If you don't want him to mug you, why not just give him all your money before he does?"
Because it seems like they are trying to prevent them from getting jawbreakers.
Kevin's got a whole garage of Jawbreakers, and regularly hands each kid however many they want. Surely giving the Eds one each once in a while to keep them at bay wouldn't be an issue.
It's been established that Kevin really doesn't like the Eds at all, and giving them jawbreakers would be tantamount to liking them.
Still probably better than giving up his hard-earned cash.
Kids will be kids and who can really expect kids to use logic? Plus, it wouldn't be much of a show if they just got the jawbreakers all the time. Then there's the fact that the jawbreakers the Eds get probably wouldn't satisfy them for long and the kids wouldn't want to shell out the money since they don't know the value of a dollar. Kevin probably doesn't like giving away his dad's jawbreakers regularly. Plus, giving the Eds what they want is essentially letting the Eds win and children are usually pretty competitive. There's a lot of childish reasons that would easily explain it besides these, but if NONE of them work for you then go look at the Rule of Funny page and MST3K Mantra page.
This has been a reason why most fans dislike the kids but why is it that when one Ed does something, all three of them get punished, pounded, and humiliated instead of the one who caused the chaos, especially when Eddy does it and Ed and Edd have little to nothing to do with it? Such examples are in "If It Smells Like an Ed." After Eddy (and Eddy ONLY) gave Jimmy a wedgie, everyone else laughs at him. To get revenge, Jimmy then targets all three Eds by framing them for stealing several neighborhood items. And in "Boo Haw Haw", even though Ed is the one who pounds the other kids due to horror movie induced hallucinations, the kids go after Edd and Eddy and not the one who did this to them. It's almost as if there is a unwritten rule of the Cul-De-Sac that if one Ed does something wrong then all three Eds must be punished no matter what!
It's lampshaded by Sarah at one point. Then there's an interesting bit of Fridge Brilliance. Its turns out the children are all based on people the creator, Danny Antonucci, grew up with except for the Eds. The Eds are three separate parts of his personality as a kid. Therefore, the Eds are punished together because they are all based on the same person.
Ok, my friend and I still continue to argue about this but, did the events in "The Eds Are Coming"/ CN Invaded actually happen? Because if so then that means the Eds co-exist with talking animals that either go to summer camp or a school for animals. As well as co-exist with Billy and Mandy and Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends.
I think it's safe to say, "non-canon until proven otherwise". That's usually how crossovers work when the mixing shows aren't made by the same person/group/etc.
It's possibly Jimmy just dreamed the whole thing.
I understand that the Kids dislike Eddy the most out of the Eds because Eddy is greedy and mean, but why do the Kids like Sarah? I mean Sarah isn't even that much of a nice person either and she is mean to Jonny and Rolf (rarely)?
Maybe Sarah's scaring them into being nice. It works on Ed. Rolf once called her, "she who gives migraines." And she's pummeled Jonny on multiple occasions (Here's Mud In Your Ed, Little Ed Blue).
It's also likely that there's some sympathy for the fact that Ed is Sarah's brother- he certainly doesn't mean to be annoying, but living with him would drive anybody crazy. Plus, Sarah is second youngest besides Jimmy, so it's likely that characters like Nazz and Rolf can't bring themselves to just ditch her.
Okay, so we see in the episode where Eddy lies that his brother is coming to town and pretty much everyone (except for Kevin and Rolf), are all excited to meet Eddy's Brother. Kevin out of all of them seems to be the most afraid of Eddy's Brother. But why? Eddy always played his brother off to be Mr. Wonderful, good at everything and this all-around awesome guy, and all the other kids believed him. Was Kevin simply afraid of messing with a kid's older sibling, or maybe Kevin knew what a sociopath Eddy's Brother really was and that's why he was so scared when he thought Eddy's Brother was coming back to town. Can anyone answer this?
Kevin hasn't been the nicest of people to Eddy. Generally, older brothers would protect siblings from bullies and the like and Kevin thought he fell in that category.
The movie actually answers this question, to an extent.
Eddy's Brother might have been a jackass to Eddy, but he probably still beat up Kevin if he caught Kevin attacking Eddy anyway, because it's a good excuse and the show implies that, abusive jerk he may be, he does care a little.
Here's a thought: the cul-de-sac kids know the Eds are con artists and that their goods and services are all worthless, knock-offs, or horribly malfunctioning. Sure, the Eds never get to keep their money, but more often than not they get enough customers to think maybe the next try will work. Why doesn't everyone just ignore them?
It's because most of their scams look interesting in their eyes..for examples, the "Eds Creek Cruise" scam...you would want to take a ride on the creek, wouldn't you?
Why can't the Eds just make perfectly functioning and decent merchandise? They are fully capable and if they did, then they would be able to acquire jawbreakers!
Well if Eddy would just let his own friends come up with good ideas and stop being stubborn, then maybe their chances of getting money will change to -47% to at least 70%.
Also, in "Gimme, Gimmme Ed", when the Eds had enough money for jawbreakers, why didn't they just make a run to the candy store? They could have actually succeeded if they listened to Eddy!
In "Hot Buttered Ed", when Edd realized that he has arrived at the swimming hole without his sunscreen. Instead of making such a big deal about it, why couldn't he have just gone back home to get it? The creek is within walking distance, and Ed and Eddy could have just guarded their spot until he returned.
Eddy would have been stubborn and made Edd stay at the beach. Plus, Eddy isn't that good at listening to other people's ideas since he thinks his own ideas are the "best" and "only" way.
I know a lot of people accept the idea that Jonny is supposedly black, however, after giving the matter some thought, I think he may actually is supposed to be Native American. My thinking is if one looks closely, one can see that the interior of his house (on both the show, and in the original Cartoon Cartoons comic books) are usually associated with Native Americans, such as dream catchers, and a painting of a teepee hung on the wall. Not to mention, Jonny seems to love all things nature (especially wood, apparently), he even said in the Christmas special he and his family bring winter indoors to give thanks to Mother Nature for her blessings throughout the year, among a few examples.
I can understand why cul-de-sac kids are disgusted by Eddy's brother, but Kankers? Apart from all those PG-rated "rapes" they are bullies tormenting everybody else if the Eds aren't around. And all of a sudden Eddy and Double D get beaten by the aforementioned Bigger Bad and Kankers (or at least Marie) are shocked?
Violent as the Kankers are, they do care about the Eds to some extent, they just have a very messed-up way of showing it. Plus, they fight all the time but they don't go out of their way to utterly humiliate and torment each other the way Eddy's brother does.
Why can't the Eds just get restraining orders on the Kankers?
Eddy and Ed are shown to have superhuman strength, so how come they are always vulnerable when receiving No Holds Barred Beatdowns from the kids, especially Sarah and Kevin, so easily?? Why can't they defend themselves?
The same reasons why some superheros can forget they can fly... that and they are idiots, even Eddy. Or maybe Kevin and Sarah are (somehow) stronger than Ed even though he's supposed to be stronger. Or perhaps Ed was raised as a pacifist until the movie.
Ed Wouldn't Hit a Girl (especially not his "baby sister" Sarah) and he is too stupid to realize how really strong he is. Since when does Eddy have superhuman strength? He's not weak or anything, but Kevin and Sarah are just as, if not more, strong.
In Eddy's case, he doesn't fight back because he's learnt it doesn't work- his brother beat him up whenever he felt like it his entire childhood and there was nothing Eddy could do about it (aside from maybe tell his parents), so he probably figures the best thing to do is just take his punishment and hope for it to be over soon, especially since with Kevin or Sarah, he knows that he's at least done something to actually deserve it, unlike when his brother used to do it.
Is it me or does it seem that Eddy gets dumber and dumber with each season or has a poorer sense of judgement like the money tree incident, lampshaded when Ed knows there's no such thing as a money tree and even tells Double D "Not even I'm that dumb Double D!"
Desperation. The more Eddy's scams fail, the more desperate he gets to make one that works so he can prove that he's not just a complete loser. So he latches onto any idea he can come up with (or gets told about) in the hopes that maybe this one will work.
Even if there wouldn't be a plot, why didn't Eddy's parents just send Eddy over to Ed or Edd's house if they were going out for the night, instead of hiring Nazz?
While I doubt that this is the reason since Adults Are Useless and they probably wouldn't pick up on it at all, it's possible that Eddy's parents are aware of the blatant Parental Neglect going on in Ed and Double D's households and would try to avoid sending their youngest kid there to stay the night. Double D's parents usually aren't available to watch their own kid let alone another one, and Ed seems to have a distant father and a crazy mother who bluntly favors his sister and takes away the stairs as a punishment. I think Nazz might have honestly won out here on a scale of competence of watching children.
In "Brother Can You Spare An Ed?" why didn't Sarah just buy the fudge herself? She should have known very well how much of a naive idiot Ed is and not taken the risk.
Sarah and Jimmy were too lazy to go themselves? She believed that he will be responsible enough to do it? Idiot Ball?
To quote Eddy "What, and ruin the plot?" Plus, maybe it's because they were too young to go by themselves.
In "Out with the Old, in with the Ed", why didn't Edd realize that the homeroom the Kankers gave him was obviously fake? He had looked at the homeroom listings on the bulletin board earlier, and knew that Eddy would have wound up with the Kankers had they not requested it, so shouldn't he have known that there was something wrong? Even if he had been frazzled about the Kankers forcing them to declare their "love" earlier, or even if was just to relieved at apparently getting a room with his friends, he should have realized that it wasn't the room that was on the board.
Rule of Funny. Also, he was probably so relieved that he was with his buddies he didn't think to check. The Eds figured that publicly declaring the Kankers were "their girlfriends" was their humiliation over with.
Another Out with the Old, in with the Ed example, shouldn't the kids' parents have been reminding them about the day school started? Knowing Eddy, he probably came up with this scam quite recently to the episode's airing. Aside from the obvious weather changes, their parents should have known when school started because shouldn't they be responsible for buying middle school kids their supplies?
If The Movie is any indication, Kankers give a damn about the Eds. So why do they humiliate them at every opportunity?
They do show a more caring side about the Eds in a few other episodes, usually when the Eds aren't around. Part of it seems to be their warped view of "love", part of it seems that they enjoy teasing the Eds...in some of the worst ways possible. Not that the Eds enjoy any of it.
Also, the Kankers are incredibly Tsundere.
If Jimmy is interested in "Girly" things, how come he wants to grow up as a "big, muscular guy?"
This isn't mutually exclusive. Certain episodes imply that he's tired of being a pushover, so maybe he wants to defend himself or exact revenge on somebody.
In "Smile For The Ed," how come Eddy didn't just explain his situation with his photo to the principal and report Kevin for messing it up?
Idiot Ball? (yeah, that could be the answer to half of the entries here).
Eddy doesn't really trust adults, and he's always getting detentions at school, he's probably paranoid that the principal is out to get him. And nobody would believe that goody-goody two shoes Double D impersonated the principal.
If Nazz is supposed to be the nicest of the kids then why does she join in with the other kids when they humiliate the Eds or being unnecessarily cruel to them? Such an example was in "Smile For The Ed".
Jerkass Ball. Everybody without exceptions held it a few times in this show.
How come Edd didn't use Kevin, The Kankers, or Ed's showers in "Cleanliness is Next To Edness?"
Kevin is hostile to the Eds (less to Edd, but still), the Kankers would just attack him and Ed doesn't bathe. Sarah might kick him out, anyway.
Edd learned the hard way in "Mirror, Mirror, On The Ed," that Ed's bathtub is full of gravy.
So in Ed-n-Seek, Cul-De-Sac are playing hide-and-seek. They play normally. Then Eds want to play too, and Ed ends Sarah's turn by finding everyone. So then Eds have to search. The problem? Kids get to tree instantly. They didn't even HIDE. They just get to the tree when Eds went search. Before Eds joined, they legitimately were playing. When Jimmy was searching, Eds also had to hide until some horn blow so they could get to the tree. But first search of Ed? Kids instantly fucking claim the tree without giving Eds chance to actually search. We know, they don't really like Eds. But that was plainly cheating. Bending rules just because you don't like Eds? That's sad. Just... sad. What the fuck happened when someone was writing that moment? Episode isn't bad, it's just that precise moment that's absurd.
In "Pass It On Ed", that was the episode where we first getting some Foreshadowing about Eddy's Brother. Kevin was terrified of the prospect of him returning, Rolf responded by building a moat and denying his chickens were alive...so why did Nazz react with positive glee? She's about the same age as Kevin and Rolf, who were both terrified, but she was excited about seeing Eddy's Brother. I mean, I guess it's possible he didn't go after her for...whatever reason, but it's odd that this episode implies she had a crush on him, then in the movie she's reminded that he's a jerk. Neither Sarah or Jimmy were scared, either- Sarah basically said she was going to tell Eddy's Brother that to his face, yet they can apparently remember him enough for Sarah to pull off a fairly accurate impression, enough to have Eddy fooled and reduced to a total Yes-Man, anyway. I guess this could be Wouldn't Hit a Girl or something, but Bro was fine with clobbering Double D in the movie when he mistook him for a girl.
What was Double D's problem in "Sorry Wrong Ed"?, I mean, skepticism is one thing, but he showed no concern over Eddy getting hurt.
Well, I guess the writers just wanted to make Edd act out of character for the sake of the plot, being a Sadist Show and all.
Why can't Sarah ever realize that Ed does try to protect her? I mean, the last thing you need is a sibling who wouldn't protect you.
Because Sarah is just a jerkass who is spoiled rotten by her parents. She's just too blind to see how much her brother cares for her.
Not to mention that Ed is The Millstone; his attempts at protecting Sarah are...well, he means well, but half the time he just makes the situation worse. I mean, would you like being grabbed and stuffed up Ed's shirt in "Honor Thy Ed", for instance. Plus there's the fact that Sarah, being a Super-Strong Child, doesn't exactly need protecting, especially since it seems to be on their mother's orders that Ed does it, which Sarah probably find quite annoying.
Doesn't change the fact that's she's a terrible sister. What you said is true, but even so, she's still horrible to him when he's not trying to protect her.
Why didn't Eddy just do something mean to Kevin when Kevin humiliated him over his middle name?
Because the writers would just find a way to still make Eddy the blunt of humiliation. The Eds almost never win.
Okay, i'm not trying to defend what Jimmy did in "If it smells like an Ed", but why did Jimmy go to all the trouble of getting the Kankers to rape the Eds when he could've just easily just given Eddy a taste of his own medicine?
Presumably because he knew that the Eds were outright terrified of the Kankers, and he just wanted them to suffer a lot more. While it was irrational for Jimmy to punish Ed and Edd for what Eddy did, look at it this way. Jimmy (and the other kids) may resent Ed and Edd for hanging out with Eddy and not trying to reprimand Eddy for his jerkish ways, so he may have punished Ed and Edd as a way to express his resentment towards them.
So, what is Kevin's deal, I understand that he's meant to be a enemy to the Eds, but why does he harass Eddy even when Eddy is minding his own business?
Because Kevin just likes being a jerkass. Plus, when Kevin's not harassing Eddy, he's usually making fun of Jonny or Jimmy. Plus, him and Eddy are like "arch enemies", so it would be understandable that Kevin would target Eddy out of the three Eds.
Maybe offscreen, Eddy tortures Kevin (much like what is seen in "This Won't Hurt an Ed"). What we do see onscreen is Kevin retaliating.
This hasn't been brought to attention, but why is it that no matter how many times the kids beat up the Eds or the Kankers rape them, Eddy just never stops with the scamming? and the actual thing that makes him learn is a scam that destroys the neighbourhood and gets the kids wanting to kill all three of them, Double D almost abandoning him and Ed, and a beating by his brother?
Because he's desperate for acceptance, as revealed in the movie. He's a Broken Bird and a Determinator who would go to horrendous lengths if it means being liked by everyone, which sometimes goes horrible wrong (he didn't mean to do what he did to the other kids in the beginning of the movie, he even apologizes at the end). He's a much sadder character than we thought as kids, what with his hidden Inferiority Superiority Complex escalated from the abuse he went through on a daily basis.