Headscratchers: Doctor Who 50th AS "The Day of the Doctor"
New entries on the bottom.
WARNING! THERE MAY BE UNMARKED SPOILERS!
open/close all folders
The Doctors age
Ok so I know they retconned The Doctors age at the start of Nu Who however in this episode The War Doctor seems pretty certain its around 800 years and we see him regenerate into a young John Hurt at the end of Night at The Doctor, also we see in Time of The Doctor that it takes him around 300 years to start looking like an old man. So if thats the case does that mean that the 8th and all previous Doctors were less than 500 years old.
Not necessarily; in the classic series, the Seventh Doctor identified himself as about 950. A popular theory is that the Doctor is so old that he's simply forgotten exactly how old he is, and keeps reciting an age that sounds good or sounds roughly about right. Alternatively, the War Doctor might have started counting his age from scratch since he didn't consider himself to be the Doctor, and his successors simply based their ages on what his count was.
Which I guess when you think about it is somewhat scary/tragic as that may mean the doctors after that still consider themselves The War Doctor instead of The Doctors we knew from the Classic Series
The Time War and its time-lock may have scrambled and distorted time's progression so badly, the War Doctor didn't have any choice but to start counting off years again.
The End of Time
If Gallifrey wasn't destroyed, then how and why did the events of Doctor Who S30 E17-18 "The End of Time" come to happen? The first part of Rassilon's plan was to get out of the time lock which, as shown by this episode, never existed.
Note that the high council was offscreen the entire time, only showing military command, and that Rassilon noted that his actions in The End of Time were the last day of the war. From Gallifrey's perspective, the two episodes were probably concurrent, and his seers were mistaking being sealed in single moment for a time lock.
That makes sense. Maybe the Doctors intentionally didn't inform Rassilon himself of their plan. Doing so would have changed established events in their own timeline.
I thought that the time lock was there from the start of the war, and the Moment let the Doctors through to save Gallifrey. Otherwise, both sides could simply time travel back several centuries and build up their forces.
The above is implied in the episode itself, when the Tenth and Eleventh arrive at a time before the War Doctor activates the weapon, and still ponder how they managed to get into a time-locked period.
It works out as follows:
Rassilon is preparing for The Final Sanction. The War Doctor knows about this.
The War Doctor steals The Moment, and is prepared to use it. (This is shown in this episode, and discussed in "The End of Time".)
Rassilon enacts his plan to escape the time lock, and the events of "The End of Time" take place.
The War Doctor, with the support of his other selves, decides to enact a plan B of putting Gallifrey in stasis, which will temporarily look to the Universe as if Gallifrey is destroyed.
The Time War itself is still timelocked, but Gallifrey has been saved from this by being removed from time and placed in stasis. (It is then lost, which will presumably lead to The Doctor searching for it.) This leads to a bit of Fridge Horror. (See below.)
More broadly: in "The End of Time", The Doctor had the opportunity to bring Gallifrey forward in time from the instant of its destruction, undoing his "crime." But he decided that Gallifrey, as far as it had fallen by the end of the Time War, wasn't worth saving. Ten doesn't know that yet but Eleven most certainly does. That creates two holes in his characterization that I can't reconcile — first, saving Gallifrey is not a new opportunity for him. Hell, he could probably use some timey-wimey to reach out and snag the signal Rassillon used to connect with the Master anytime he wanted. Second, he can't just blame the War Doctor for killing the planet, because he did it again. Ten stared down Rassillon and consigned his whole race to oblivion.
Evidently you missed the point where it would have brought the entire Time War through that time and knocked the Earth out of its orbit. No, that was not an opportunity to save Gallifrey.
In his defence, the Tenth Doctor doesn't destroy Gallifrey — he just re-seals the lock on the destruction that has already happened and traps Rassilon and the other Time Lords back at the point of their destruction. And since his whole motivation for destroying it in the first place was that Rassilon and the other Time Lords were at that point just as big and dangerous a threat to the universe as the Daleks (they were willing to destroy the entire universe in order to allow themselves to ascend to Godhood, after all), one can hardly in all fairness pick fault with him for doing something similar to prevent this. And he hasn't even done this by the point that he meets the War Doctor in this episode.
It's claimed the High Council have plans of their own but it is then said they have already failed. Or the events could have happened while the War Doctor was in the desert.
This is a show about time travel. From the Time War's perspective, Gallifrey could've been shunted back the moment after it left and none were the wiser.
What about Gallifrey's appearance? In the end of time, there is snow on the mountains, the glass dome is broken in several spots, and the area around the citadel is covered by crashed Dalek saucers. In the day of the doctor, almost all of the glass is gone, there is no snow on the mountains, and the citadel is surrounded by buildings instead. How do you explain that?
This was more the Hurt!Doc's story than Matt-Smith!Doc's tale. Judging by the trailer at the end of the show we'll be rejoining his tale on Christmas. So I'm guessing this is all slightly out of continuity. Think of it being a weird sort of flashback.
Were they stuck with no way to get out? Unless I'm forgetting something, after the confrontation with Hurt!Doctor the Eleventh Doctor simply picks up the unconscious Clara and walks off. I don't remember anything else about them being stuck, and that could be taken to imply that the Doctor knows the way out. Presumably Clara by herself would have been stuck but the Doctor was able to navigate his timeline safely to extract them both.
It was not said that they were stuck or that the Doctor had no idea of how to get out. He came in and found Clara on his own, and it is his own timeline, so he should know the way. The danger of stepping into his timeline was that it could create a paradox that might cause the timeline to collapse in on itself, and while that certainly would be a problem for the Doctor, we can infer that he managed to get out before that could happen.
Possibly the reason entering his own timeline would endanger Eleven would be that he might meet one of his later selves there, potentially causing an internal paradox that couldn't be resolved. Luckily, he only met a past self, albeit the one he least wanted to meet.
If the 11th Doctor remembers saving Gallifrey along with his past incarnations and succeeding, then why was the 12th Doctor there? Just to lend a hand for old times' sake?
Because he remembered seeing himself there, and knew an additional TARDIS and additional Sonic Screwdriver calculation time might have been necessary for the plan to work.
Or because the calculations started with the First Doctor, took hundreds of years, and the TARDIS was only finished calculating by the time of the Twelfth. Then HE came back (via the Moment) and shared the solution with the other 12.
I guess that explains why there weren't any other future incarnations there.
The presence of the 12th Doctor does introduce a factor that will have to be explained at some point. Normally, in these multi-Doctor encounters, only the most recent Doctor present remembers the events. We are expecting 8.5, 9, 10 to walk away from this not remembering the events. But if 12 showed up, why does 11 rfìvvber?
But 11 doesn't remember. At the end, both him, 10 and 8.5 are all questioning whether or not their plan worked and if Gallifrey really survived. Only when the Curator, heavily implied to be a future incarnation of the Doctor, explains to him to go find his home does 11 realize his planned worked. Even that, however, is not the most clear version of the events; it is only when 12th Doctor realize that his involvement was necessary to change the outcome of the Time War does the events shown in the movie remain true.
He does remember the plan: even immediately after it happened, no one was really sure if it worked. That's not a matter of forgetting, that's just because it was a risky plan. 8.5, 9, 10 walked away with this with no memory of the multiple-doctor intervention.
The Timelords are well aware that the 12th Doctor is essential to saving Gallifrey. This might be a plot point if it becomes clear that The Doctor has run out of regenerations, with the Time Lords obliged to assist for their own survival.
In "The Time of the Doctor", the Time Lords do indeed grant the Doctor a new cycle of regenerations.
As of the end of "Day" 11 knows that he saved Gallifrey, but at the beginning of the next episode he's not sure. The knowledge he gained from the Curator has faded.
The use of Tom Baker as The Curator ensures that the series can never actually end, or, at least, that The Doctor can never really die. Tom Baker is coming on in the years; unless they run through a number of doctors in a short time, he'll be dead and/or retired by the time the story reaches a point where he could conceivably reach that regeneration. Thus, he can never be shown to reach that regeneration, and, thus, can never die, as it must always lie in his future.
Fridge Brilliance Solution: The Curator could Be whoever everyone thinks of as the oldest and/or most famous Doctor alive, meaning a future appearance could be an Old!Davison or, even farther in the future, an Old!Tennant or Old!Smith).
That was actually suggested in-episode, as he said he was revisiting the old faces.
But we now know that he'll be revisiting Tom Baker at some point. What'll they do about the point in the Doctor's timeline when he revisits that particular face, as he now knows he will, and the owner of that face is no longer around to play the part?
Same way they showed previous Doctors in this episode and "The Name of the Doctor" - clever editing of archive footage, body doubles, and CGI.
They don't have to show us that he revisited Old!Tom's Doctor. They can just put it off as a passing remark.
Or maybe they arranged for Tom to shoot several short scenes in which he takes up his position as Curator, complete with some words of wisdom about having earned a rest and the chance to remember those he's traveled with. They could store that footage as long as they need to, then splice whichever version fits best into an epilogue for the series' Grand Finale, however far in the real-world future that might happen.
Fridge Brilliance — this is the whole point. There's potentially an eternity to go between the Eleventh Doctor and the Curator. The character can theoretically last forever and ever now.
Also, is the Curator actually the Doctor and if so, how can that be if Four was obviously far less aged than Tom Baker as the curator at the time he regenerated in "Logopolis"? Or perhaps he could be the Watcher?
If the Curator is the Doctor, he's most likely a future regeneration. The Curator mentions "revisiting old faces," so presumably some time in the Doctor's distant future retirement, he starts feeling nostalgic, and regenerates into Tom Baker again.
It could be he is 4 in all honesty. Time Crash establishes that when multiple incarnations of a Time Lord meet it can have an aging effect on the earlier ones, as seen in the Two Doctors as well. The simple fact is we'll never know for certain
Timey-Wimey. Some events are fixed, and some aren't. The Curator seems to be a potential future incarnation of the Doctor, but future events may or may not lead him to that path... and I personally hope not, because GOD was that a stupid plot point. Way to kill both the Time War and Trenzalore, the two biggest source of drama and drive in one episode.
The Doctor/Curator could still die at Trenzalore. Maybe he comes out of retirement for some reason.
Or it could have turned out to have changed his death back to Lake Silencio as the Teselecta had recorded.
The Time War has been driving the series now since 2005 — that's eight years now. Let's face it, drama-wise it's probably a safe time to start moving on from that and finding something else for the series to explore. Realistically, there's only so long you can keep beating the "the Doctor's the Last of the Time Lords and is really really sad / depressed / angry because of the Time War" drum before it starts to look a bit stale and repetitive. As for Trenzalore, come on, let's be honest — that's practically had "the Doctor's gonna figure out some way of getting out of this one" stencilled on to it in letters eighty miles high in fluorescent yellow ink since it was introduced. The Curator is just confirmation of something we all deep down know anyway — the Doctor's not gonna be dying at Trenzalore any time soon.
Learning the Zygon's Plans
If Queen Elizabeth was impersonating the Zygon commander, then where exactly did she have time to learn all their plans? Did one of them go As You Know on her, thinking she was who she was impersonating?
As the (apparent) commander of the invasion fleet, she could simply order one of them to give her an update.
It's still a hell of a lot of detailed information for her to rattle off so calmly - she sounded like she knew exactly what she was talking about.
She's the Queen of England; confidence, calm, authority and poise are part of the job description.
The Zygons appear to be somewhat telepathic (with Kate Stewart's Zygon knowing her classified information and Osgood's Zygon knowing about her sister being "the pretty one") In fact the Tardis Index File states that they keep the person they're impersonating alive as a "Psychic and genetic template". Though we can't know for certain, it's possible when Elizabeth killed her Zygon duplicate some of its memories wound up in her head through this psychic link.
This also explains how Osgood knew where her Zygon duplicate was, and how Kate knew that the Zygon duplicate of herself had all of her memories. The memory transfer is 2-way, so what ever one of them knows, the other will know as well. Later in the episode, the real Osgood makes a few remarks about the possibility of being a Zygon and "what happens if I lose a shoe or something?". The two way memory transfer psychic link would also explain that as well.
Lack of Reapers
Yet again, why doesn't various Doctors touching each other bring the Reapers in?
One of the Doctors at the end notes that they shouldn't be with the War Doctor at the end, meaning that something is making it possible for them to cross the timeline. Presumably the Moment is fixing things somehow.
Did no one pay attention to what allowed the Reapers to appear in Father's Day? 3 versions of a human, two of the same incarnation of a Time Lord, two of the same TARDIS, a paradox and a man alive who should be dead. Rose touching baby Rose merely exacerbated an already badly damaged situation. Just touching your past self doesn't cause Reapers to appear, as evidenced by the Doctor, the Brig and Kazran doing it on past occasions. And 10 noted they shouldn't be there because it was a part of the Time War, and should have been Time Locked.
^ All very true; making physical contact with another version of yourself doesn't attract the Reapers; massive paradoxes do. Although with that being said, Time Lords have always been shown to be immune to the Blinovitch Limitation Effect, so it wouldn't have affected the Doctors anyway.
Ten also mentions that the three of them locked in the same cell for a long period of time would have bad repercussions, so there's no saying it wouldn't happen, just that the threat isn't too immediate.
Married to the Queen
Doesn't being married to a BritishEnglish King/Queen make you a prince(ss)(technically royal consort)?
Back then, as I understand it and possibly I don't, marrying the Queen made you the King. That was why Lord Dudley was in such a panic to get Lady Jane Grey (the "nine day queen" poor girl) on the throne, so he could then claim it via his marriage to her. I think the modern Prince Consort thing was because of William and Mary following the Glorious Revolution. I could be completely wrong though.
William III had a strong claim to the throne in his own right, so he and Mary II reigned as joint monarchs. Prince Consort is from Albert when Parliament decided that they needed to show that just marrying Queen Victoria didn't mean that Albert was now entitled to utilise her theoretical powers.
This — or something like it at least — was one of the reasons why the real Elizabeth I was so reluctant to marry; marrying would transfer most, if not all, of her power to her husband.
Ten, after finding Liz was real, mutters "I'm going to be king!" So yes, I suppose technically he's a King of England.
Which means that Victoria couldn't banish him! He'd been king for over three hundred years at that point. You can't banish the king (I assume while acknowledging that I know nothing of English succession laws).
Except Elizabeth was dead at the time so he was technically no longer King. And he hadn't married Elizabeth yet in his personal timestream.
To be fair you can't say that for certain as for some strange reason English Royal Succession Laws do not seem to cover what to do in the case time travel.
There is no precedent that being married to the Queen Regnant makes someone the King. Mary I was married to Philip II of Spain, but he wasn't King of England. Ten was probably being flippant when he said that he was going to be king.
Queen Elizabeth II's husband is Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Take that as you will.
The Doctor's just making a quip about the awkward circumstances he's inadvertently gotten himself stuck in, he's not giving a lecture on the exact nature of the British laws of succession or the rules and customs of British royal titles. Plus, he's pretty big-headed. Hence why he says 'king' instead of 'royal consort' or whatever.
Presumably if he had married her and stayed there, he'd eventually have outlived Elizabeth. Unless humans and Gallifreyans can have children with one another (and this series, unlike many scifi shows, doesn't let its alien races crossbreed willy-nilly) he could well have inherited the throne upon her death.
Events of the Climax
Okay, I'm kind of confused by what the previous Doctors were doing when they showed up. Were they aware of what was happening? Did they come in knowing about the Time War and what they were doing to save Gallifrey? And what exactly were they doing to save Gallifrey? Someone, please help me!
Okay, quick capsule explanation / theorising as best as I understand it; the Moment was allowing the Tenth and Eleventh Doctors to access the previously timelocked period of the Time War to comfort the War Doctor and be with him while he does what he has to. Once there, they realise that since there are now three of them, they can use their minds working together to figure out an alternative, better solution to destroying Gallifrey. They come up with a solution, but similar to their solution to escaping the jail cell using the sonic screwdriver where the earliest Doctor present begins solving the problem and the latest Doctor enacts the solution, they realise that it's going to take even longer than just the time difference that exists between the three of them. The Moment allows them to somehow contact the First Doctor and explain the situation, and he begins thinking of the calculations to enact the solution, which he continues to do when he's the Second, Third, Fourth Doctors etc. By the time it gets to the Eleventh Doctor, they've realised what the calculations for the solution are going to be, and they require all of the Doctors to be present in order to enact it. As the Moment is already allowing two time-displaced Doctors to access the Time War, it somehow enables all of them to do so. All of them presumably have some awareness of what the situation is / is going to be at the point when they're saving Gallifrey, but once they return to their own times the Moment or the space-time continuum or whatever basically wipes their memory of events so as to preserve the timeline (although presumably all of them have a subconscious memory of them in order to enable them to continue working on the solution to the problem, even if they're not consciously aware of what the problem will be yet).
As for what the solution is, it's basically the same thing as the Gallifreyian 3D paintings we saw throughout the episode, except writ large; the Doctors have basically rigged those things that capture a single moment in time to be able to capture the entire planet, and have come up with calculations for how far away they need to be from Gallifrey to safely capture the entire planet within a single moment of time. This then puts the entire planet into temporal stasis, which to all intents and purposes takes it out of the space-time continuum. Essentially, it ceases to exist as part of the universe proper, and occupies it's own little 'bubble' of space and time where it exists frozen until it can be found and safely restored.
The Doctor might have set the TARDIS to do the calculations. I don't think he was subconsciously doing them for centuries.
True, and even likely, although if we want to get picky he does tell the Time Lord general "I've been thinking about this for a long time," just before the other Doctors show up.
^ Actually, he says "You might say, I've been doing this all my lives," which could still apply to having the TARDIS run the calculations for him.
Well played, my friend. Well played...
Depending which version of Time Travel is in effect here, it's possible the Doctors had always already been calculating for this and Gallifrey was actually locked in time rather than blown up the first time, and he only thought he had destroyed it, so he went back and confirmed what he'd already done, while *thinking* that he had un-done something he never actually did.
When the Doctors were freezing Gallifrey, why didn't the Daleks shoot down the TARDIS? They flew right through what was implied to be the largest Dalek fleet ever assembled! Surely the Daleks would have been capable of doing it, since they had already destroyed EVERY battle Tardis, and gotten through the 400 sky trenches surrounding Arcadia! The only reason the Daleks in the parting of the ways couldn't do it was because of the waveform extrapolator, which the pre-ninth doctor's TARDI Ses didn't have, and those Daleks weren't even up to time war level tech!
Not only that, there don't appear to be NEARLY enough Dalek ships. There only appeared to be a few hundred at must, yet it was stated in "Dalek" that there were TEN MILLION ships when they all were destroyed. To put that number in perspective, that's FIFTY THOUSAND times larger than the Dalek fleet in bad wolf/the parting of the ways. Ten million ships should have looked like a cloud enveloping the planet.
The rest of the Time War
What happened to the rest of the Time War? I had kind of assumed that when we finally found out exactly what happened re Gallifrey, the Daleks, the Doctor, the Moment, etc, we would ALSO find out what happened re the Could-Have-Been King and his army of Meanwhiles and Neverwheres, the Nightmare Children, the Quantum Time Lock... etc. Apparently not.
The time lock was not the end of the war. It was simply a way to isolate the war from the rest of the timeline. Those events are a part of the war itself, not its end.
Plus, to look at it from a Doylist point of view for a moment, some things work better as Noodle Incidents and / or don't need to be shown or explained.
There was a mention at some point (towards End of Time or Utopia or there abouts) of how both sides kept abusing time travel to revive their troops, resulting in the same soldiers dying countless times (a stealth shout out in Last Day), so I'd assume they time-locked it once things started getting out of hand.
Maybe the Nightmare Child et al. were the other superweapons from the Omega Arsenal. The Time Lords had already expended them, and they failed to end the war.
It's worth noting that the unfortunate Time Lady that Rassilon vaporizes in The End of Time mentions that Gallifrey is "the furthest edge of the Time War." Presumably, the Time Lords would try to keep all the really nasty stuff as far from themselves as possible.
Due to Hurt's existence, we now have a problem in terms of identification and lifespan. Hurt is now known as the Ninth incarnation of The Doctor, replacing Eccleston and making all revived series Doctors up a number. Does the numbering system change as well with him? I bring this up because it is not just a fandom identifier, but also a reference to The Doctor's lifespan. It is a set-in-stone canon understanding that a Time Lord can only regenerate 12 times.
My guess is that they'll continue calling him the War Doctor so they can keep their past numbering. Remember that the episode ends with Tricked Out Time, so War through 10 still don't know he deserves to be called the Doctor, and 11 just learned. As for the number of regenerations - I expect that they'll make an episode about the Doctor extending his number of regenerations somehow. It may be set in stone, but in a show about time travel, you can always go back and rechisel the stone.
Didn't the Master acquire a new set of Regenerations for the Time War? Plus, didn't Melody/River Song give up her Regenerations to the Doctor?
^ River Song did not give her regenerations to the Doctor. She used her all of regenerative energy in one big burst in order to bring him back to life and heal him of the poison. They note at the end of the episode that the energy was "used up," and when the Doctor does the same thing in order to heal River's wrist in "The Angels Take Manhattan", she calls it a "waste of regeneration energy."
Well, there's still the "granted new regenerations by the Time Lords". If anyone has earned them, it would be The Doctor for saving Gallifrey (assuming he wanted them of course).
Yes, but I think 11 is technically the last incarnation of the Doctor if he's like any other time lord and can only regenerate 12 times. Here's the order: 1st - 2nd - 3rd - 4th - 5th - 6th - 7th - 8th - War - 9th - 10th - 11th. But keep in mind 10th regenerated twice in Journey's End, so it's actually 9th - 10th - 10th(Meta-crisis). Melody/River Song might have gave up her regenerations to 11 but remember he gave some of it back in the events of The Angels take Manhattan.
You've made a small error. A Time Lord has 12 regenerations, but 13 incarnations. The first incarnation begins with ordinary birth, and the other 12 incarnations begin with regeneration. So the Doctor has 13 lives. Matt Smith is the 12th incarnation, but he's the 11th "Doctor", because the War Doctor doesn't count in our numbering scheme. Peter Capaldi will be the 13th incarnation, and the 12th doctor. (As for the meta-crisis Doctor, maybe that doesn't count for some reason. It wasn't a normal regeneration, after all.) As for what happens after Peter Capaldi...I'm guessing there will be a storyline where the Doctor gets a new set of regenerations somehow.
Steven Moffat has commented on this matter in An interview, saying that it is basically up to the viewer to determine the numbering. The War Doctor carried the title of "Doctor" for about a day which he subsequently forgot all about, so he can be called the "War Doctor" or the "Ninth Doctor" depending on one's own interpretation. In-narrative, there have been twelve incarnations of the Doctor (although he seems to have used up an extra regeneration on the meta-crisis, which would mean that Capaldi breaks the twelve regenerations limit), but only eleven of those incarnations have formally used the title of "Doctor."
Is the "only 12 regenerations" thing set in stone? Because I've seen other discussions about this that say things like that was just a rule the Time Lords set up and they can actually regenerate more times than that if they wanted. Plus they somehow gave the Master more regenerations, if the Doctor really is out of "regeneration energy" or whatever there does seem to be a way to get more. As for the numbering thing, Hurt = the 8.5th Doctor seems to be a popular option.
The new series basically quietly forgot about the 12 regeneration limit. It was never brought up again. In fact, in SJA "Death of the Doctor", Eleven claims he can regenerate 507 times, though given the context, it's quite possibly a joke.
In cinemas prior to the airing, he made reference to 57 Doctors. As wiser people than I have noted, in both cases the numbers add up to twelve.
The intro is probably not canon, considering the Doctors are talking directly to the audience and referencing the fictional nature of the show.
It's been implied (if not outright stated), that the limit is at least partially artificial (or regeneration itself is, given to time lords by Rassilon). If the limit was imposed or built into regeneration when it first started, there's no reason it couldn't be changed.
"Gallifrey Falls / No More" is not the pocket universe where the Doctors hide Gallifrey, it's just a Time Lord painting, right? (If it was the real Gallifrey in the painting, Eleven should've figured that out.) Meaning that it's just a depiction of one frozen moment of time. How, then, are the Doctors able to move inside it, as they were on the real Gallifrey? And how are they able to punch a (seemingly) real Dalek out of the painting? Wouldn't this mean they could also bring all the Gallifreyans out of the painting, thus saving them?
"Gallifrey Falls / No More" is just the capital building after it had fallen. There probably aren't any Gallifreyans in there to save at that point. They're probably limited to the depicted area as well, so if they could pull out the Gallifreyans, it would just be that building's worth. It's literally too little and too late.
What's more, how did they even get into that particular painting when they did? Did they go to Gallifrey to freeze themselves in that moment? The transition from them formulating the plan to them executing it was unclear (it was cool though).
They added themselves to the painting the same way the Zygons did with other paintings (with the glass thingy).
Yes, but that still doesn't explain how they were able to move inside the painting (which is supposed to be only one moment of frozen time), or where the Dalek came from.
In all likelihood, the painting only appears frozen from the outside but some limited amount of movement is possible (if only within a fairly limited range; like, only within the area of space captured by the painting, for example). In any case, they're Time Lords entering a piece of time-locking technology created and used by other Time Lords. If the Zygons clearly managed to figure out a way to move around inside of the paintings, three Time Lords should be able to do it no problem.
This. The painting's duration is longer on the inside, same as the Tardis's height, width, and breadth are larger on the inside. That's what makes Gallifreyan art more than just fancy holographics; proper art appreciation on Gallifrey probably involved walking around inside the image.
I'm rather confused that it wasn't, as that looked to be where the episode was heading. It could still turn out to be Gallifrey I guess...
When the three Doctors explain their plan to the Time Lord bosses, they say that what their doing is similar to the stasis cubes (the machines used to create the 3D paintings), but much bigger. So the implication is that a mere painting couldn't hold entire Gallifrey. They also mention that Gallifrey will be hidden in another universe; it seems unlikely it's in the painting.
I took it that using the technique for suspended animation was something the Zygons cooked up as an additional feature. The Doctor(s) then not only use this to get back to the 21st century, but turn it up to eleven (or rather, thirteen) to stow Gallifrey away.
How did Elizabeth get her hands on the painting in the first place?
She didn't. The curator (implied to be a future version of the Doctor) did.
So if the curator found it, why is it described as "Elizabeth's credentials"? Why did Elizabeth need credentials? How is a painting a credential anyway?
A painting made using Gallifreyan space magic is proof - her credentials - that she had something to do with the Doctor, a Gallifreyan space magician.
But if Elizabeth didn't get her hands on the painting ever, what is its connection to her?
Where is it ever said she didn't? The curator remarks that there's "an interesting story" behind the recovery of the painting, but doesn't elaborate any further — it's hardly out the realm of the possible that Queen Elizabeth was somehow involved.
The painting is painted using Time Lord technology, but if the Time Lords were all killed/sent into a pocket dimension at the last moment of the Time War, who could have painted it? While it's not specifically stated, based on dialog it's pretty obvious that the Doctor didn't; but he's the only Time Lord left who could use that style.
The War Doctor is not very Warlike
Is it just me, or should the War Doctor have been more...warlike? I mean, he contrasted with 10 and 11, but mainly in the sense of being more gruff and serious. He didn't seem any more ruthless than his counterparts, and he didn't use any more violence. Sure he killed some Daleks at the beginning, but 11 has killed Daleks too (in the "Asylum" episodes). The War Doctor is willing to sacrifice innocent people to save the world, but 10 made a similar choice in "Fires of Pompeii". The War Doctor is supposed to be a great warrior, isn't he? But he's easily imprisoned by some medieval guards; he apparently carries no weapons whatsoever. (I guess he discarded that gun he had at the beginning.) In "The Night of the Doctor", we see that 8 specifically regenerated into a warrior. But the War Doctor doesn't seem particularly warlike. He just seems gruff. What's up with that?
He's been at war for a loooong time. We're not shown how old he looked when he first regenerated, but he was probably far younger, and it takes a very long time for Time Lords to show any signs of age. He is a very old veteran of a very old war. He's done with all his fighting; he just wants to finish it.
The glimpse of his face at the end of "The Night of the Doctor" is of a much younger John Hurt, less wrinkly with no beard so yes it would seem he's been at it a while. Although he says he's only 800 years old which is a slight issue cos he's certainly aged a lot physically. War does that I guess.
The Doctor lies, especially about his age. He could have meant just that regeneration was 800.
Unlikely, considering other Doctors' off-screen lifetimes. Off the top of my head, Eleven spent 300 years away and didn't visually age, so another 500 would make him look as old as the War Doctor? Also, I know Eight spent 800 years on Orbis in the Orbis audio drama and he didn't really change either. You can call in the debatable canonicity of the audio dramas all you want, but it still makes it less likely that they're just going to say "War Doctor lived 800 years" when Eight did it and was still pretty.
That's partly the point. The War Doctor built himself up as this man who would go farther than anyone else, and he ultimately convinced his future incarnations of that. However, in the end, he couldn't change who he was... he was still the Doctor, still the good man that honored the promise he kept when he took the name. And that's ultimately the tragedy of the character: he'll forever be remembered this way, and carry this guilt for so long. He made the ultimate sacrifice, and that was his own good name.
I understand that the War Doctor is still essentially the Doctor. But really, shouldn't the man at least carry a weapon of some sort? How exactly has he been effective against the Daleks, when he can't even handle some medieval guards?
His greatest weapon is still his mind? He does carry his screwdriver on a bandolier, but doesn't "wave it around like a water pistol".
The above point also still stands in that he is clearly a very old man at that point. Even great warriors get old and can't throw down like they used to at some point. Furthermore, it's technically himself (well, the Eleventh Doctor, but you know what I mean) who eagerly accepts, even encourages the guards to throw them into the Tower. At that point, the Eleventh Doctor clearly looks like he has a plan to get them out of that particular mess, and since the main reason the War Doctor is there is to observe his future selves, he goes along with it in order to continue observing them. He doesn't 'handle' the guards because he has no reason to handle the guards.
Plus, it's only Daleks that he's been fighting for all this time; anyone who looks like a Time Lord, he's been protecting as best he can. The guards are human, so look like Time Lords. Now that he's got his first opportunity in ages not to fight, but to let Ten and Eleven do it for him, he's not going to be in a hurry to knock around people who look just like the troops he's been leading and the civilians he's been defending.
Zygons and the Memory Gambit
When Kate Stewart explains how the memory erasing machines work, it seems they only wipe the memory of your visit to the Black Archive, i.e. the events of one day. But when the machines are used on the humans and Zygons, that shouldn't be enough to make anyone forget who they are, since they're still gonna remember the day before the visit, when they were either a human or a Zygon. In order for the memory thing to work, the machine should wipe their entire memories right down to early childhood. But if that's the case, everyone in that room should be awfully confused, and certainly not capable of having any negotiations.
The Zygons might have worked out who they were but don't want to go back to the nuclear warhead stage.
Doesn't the Doctor manipulate the machine using his screwdriver? He might as well have changed its setting in a way that the Zygons forgot their non-copied memories, and the humans... well, they don't seem to have forgotten anything, really.
It seemed to go both ways, shuffling the memories around. The Zygons already had both human and Zygon memories, so the humans were given Zygon memories, with a few edits so that no one knows for sure which is which.
Also note that, if their memories were truly completely wiped, they would have forgotten *everything*, including how to speak. The "memory wipe" technology is likely more of a selective block of conscious memories. They can't actively recall any specific events that occurred to them, but their minds are still capable of recalling, for example, the capabilities of each race (otherwise they could never have negotiated a treaty).
So, the Doctors wipe the humans and Zygons' minds to get them to negotiate. What was stopping the groups from attempting to drop their disguises to figure out who was who? Both groups knew one group was composed of Zygons, after all. Although it could be that, without knowing they were definitely Zygons, the Zygons wouldn't know how to drop their disguises.
Because if either side worked out who the Zygons were, they could be sent back to a less than desirable square one. If the Zygons choose to attack, they would have to trigger the self destruct and blow london. If they choose to negotiate, it would be from a position of weakness. Either way, it's bad for both sides. The humans don't want to destroy London, and nor do they want to give too much to the Zygons. The Zygons don't want to be blown up, and know that they would get a much better treaty while they're still uncertain. So once they've been blanked, nobody has anything to gain by finding out until after the negotiations are complete. This is vaguely hinted at when human Osgood gives the inhaler to zygon Osgood, and they both wordlessly agree to stay quiet about it.
Plot Holes and Loose Ends
So... Why was the subplot with the Zygons suddenly dropped? What happened after the two Osgoods realized who was real and who wasn't? What happened to Kate at the end? Did they work everything out? Really, this thing could have at least given them a passing line. Also, why did Elizabeth I ever agree to marry Ten after he blatantly insulted her to her face several times? Why didn't the War Doctor tell Ten and Eleven what was going on (especially after the "Did you say 'Bad Wolf girl'?" line rom Ten)?
I think the negotiation, particularly the bit with the Osgoods was to imply that they were willing to work things out.
Several of these points, although not directly explained, can be easily resolved through inference. The fact that, at the end, the three Doctors and Clara are calmly taking tea in the secret rooms of the National Gallery and discussing Gallifreyian art instead of frantically running around a London that's been reduced to a blasted post-nuclear war-zone clearly suggests that negotiations between humans and Zygons were ultimately successful. The fact that Inhaler!Osgood shushes her doppleganger when she hands over the inhaler, with Non-Inhaler!Osgood silently taking it, suggests that both kept quiet about which was a human and which was a Zygon. Kate, in light of the previous, was presumably a-okay. As for why Queen Elizabeth still wants to marry the Tenth Doctor despite his rudeness, well, he's still a handsome and charismatic Lord of Time with a magical police box which, if nothing else, would probably make an advantageous pairing for an ambitious royal; she wouldn't be the first to be attracted to him despite his less admirable qualities. As for why the War Doctor doesn't spill the beans after mentioning 'Bad Wolf girl', who's to say he didn't? It's just that he kind of got caught up in events previously so didn't really have a chance, and then they undertook their whole plan to save Gallifrey, which took up more time, and really, up until that point he has no particular reason to suspect that 'Bad Wolf' or Rose Tyler has any special significance to either of these Doctors — for all he knows she's a companion who enters his life even after them.
Clara is wearing a wedding ring.
It's on her middle finger, not her ring finger.
We saw her being given that ring as a thank-you present at the end of another episode.
That ring was a gift from her dead mother. She needed to give it away to save the Doctor in a different episode, and they gave it back to her to thank her for saving the day.
The War Doctor should remember Ten, since he saw him back as Five, in Time Crash, and we know Ten did remember that encounter.
I think the Doctor forgot about these events until he needed to remember to sustain the time loop.
When multiple incarnations of a Time Lord meet, only the last one remembers the encounter at all (from "The Five Doctors" and "Time Crash" itself). On the other hand, during such an encounter those incarnations should all be aware of each other even if they haven't met (the Third Doctor knew all about the Fourth in "Five Doctors"). All three Doctors in this story should have recognized each other instantly with no chance of error.
Not necessarily. In "Time Crash", the Fifth Doctor doesn't immediately recognise the Tenth Doctor. And technically, in "The Five Doctors" the Third Doctor only 'knows' all about his future self because Sarah directly tells him that he changed and mimes out his next body's most distinctive characteristics ("Teeth and curls?!"); he even seems a little aghast when he says it, as if he's thinking "Oh God, I'm going to have big teeth and bad hair in a future body." There's nothing to suggest that the Third Doctor knows anything about or would immediately recognise the Fourth Doctor beyond what Sarah mentioned about him. It appears to be the case (or at least is something of a retcon in the new series) that when multiple personalities of the Doctor meet, the earlier Doctors don't immediately recognise the later Doctors but the later Doctors recognise the earlier Doctors.
...How do we know that the Elizabeth I at the end ISN'T the Zygon pretending to be a victorious Elizabeth I?
The fact that she never did anything noticeably Zygon-y after that?
Also, would the Zygon have known if the real Elizabeth carried a hidden knife under her massive dress?
Knowing your opponent has a knife doesn't automatically prevent you from being stabbed by it. For all we know, there was a struggle first.
Horrors still on Gallifrey
The Doctor will now presumably search for Gallifrey and rescue it from stasis. In doing so, he will also be releasing The Master back into the Universe. Worse than this, however, Gallifrey still presumably contains a very pissed off Rassilon who was ready to use The Final Sanction. Even if he no longer seems to think that necessary (although that is far from a given) he'd likely be pretty pissed at The Doctor personally for thwarting him in "The End of Time".
To say nothing of the thousands of Dalek ground troops that were fighting on the surface of Gallifrey. The Doctors' clever plan only annihilated the ones that were in the orbiting fleet.
The Sky Trenches had only just fallen. The bulk of the Dalek forces were still bombarding the planet, while the bulk of the Time Lord forces were on Gallifrey. There was a LOT of Daleks on the ground, but they won't be getting reinforcements while the Time Lords whittle them down.
To make matters worse, the Dalek Empire has recovered by now thanks to "Victory of the Daleks". Unless things change, recovering Gallifrey will cause hostilities between the Daleks and the Time Lords to resume, re-starting the War.
This becomes the central plot point of "The Time of the Doctor" and by extension the entire Matt Smith era: Everyone is certain that the return of Gallifrey to the main universe will result in the Time War beginning anew. The Silence and the Daleks do everything they can to prevent this.
There's also the issue of all the Nightmare Child and its ilk. If the Moment didn't destroy everything, does that mean they potentially survived the war as well?
Maybe that's why Twelve looked so pissed in the brief moment (heh) we saw him: he knows what's coming.
Who says the Nightmare Child, the Would Have Been King, or the Army of Neverwheres were on Gallifrey during the Last Day? Bringing Gallifrey out of the timelock in "The End of Time" simply meant, to the Tenth Doctor, that the timelock itself would dissolve, allowing ALL the time-warring factions to come out of it wherever and whenever they pleased.
The Lower Council very explicitly states that the High Council (Rassilon's) was in emergency session cooking up its own plans, but the acting leader states that those plans have already failed. And if they have, and Rassilon isn't there to throw his weight around, he's probably dead or lost to them. He might not even be a threat anymore.
Rassilon has unlimited regenerations, so he's probably been foiled.
Wait, so Rassilon's "Final Sanction" plan failed before Gallifrey disappeared?
Makes sense, Rassilon tried his dodge, but the Doctor and the Master shoved them all back in the box. There is probably a change in leadership going on in the high council, when tyrants fail for the last time in their OTT plans they very quickly find they have outlived their usefulness and a change in offices happens. Means one less thing for the Doctor to deal with when he recovers Gallifrey in the future.
Or the failure of all of Rassilon's current plans has led to the invasion of Gallifrey. Given that Rassilon seems to be a psychopath with Narcissistic Personality Disorder, the fall of Arcadia could very well be the tipping point that leads to his use of The Final Sanction.
The General's line about "the High Council having plans of their own" probably means that the events of "The End of Time" happened simultaneously as this episode. So when just as the Master shoved Rassilon back into the box, the Doctors then froze Galifrey at the same time.
It could also possibly be that Rassilon's plan was a doomed-to-failure, never-going-to-work, "order-Steiner-to-defend-Berlin-with-nonexistent-troops" desperate scheme that was only even considered by the rest of the High Council out of fear of what an unstable Rassilon might do to them.
The Master wasn't on Gallifrey at the time, so the stasis didn't affect him.
The version of the Master that ran from the war and gave himself amnesia wasn't there, but the future incarnation of the Master that shoved the corrupt Time Lords back to Gallifrey during "The End of Time" would be, since he went back with them.
Well hopefully the Doctor figures all this out and is able to stop them if needed when he frees Gallifrey.
Gallifrey is frozen in time. The Doctor has the whole of his life to prepare for the backlash that will come from freeing Gallifrey.
The War Doctor and the rest of the regenerations
Now that the War Doctor has been officially recognized as a Doctor by Eleven, Peter Capaldi will officially be playing the thirteenth man to bear the name Doctor. Unless he has extra regenerations, this means two things:
The Valeyard is coming.
Twelve is actually going to be the final Doctor.
Or, you know, there will be shenanigans that will allow him to regenerate more often. There's precedents for that.
The Master has had his regenerations reset at least twice (thanks to the events of "The Keeper of Traken" and the Doctor Who movie respectively. Granted, he's evil and his actions heavily relied on a Body Surf and Grand Theft Me, but a Time Lord having his regenerations brought back to zero isn't unheard of. This also doesn't take into account whatever happened to the Master when he got brought back to life in Utopia.
The Master did not regenerate in either The Keeper of Traken or The TV Movie. In both cases, he extended his life unnaturally by inhabiting the bodies of others. He was offered a new set of regenerations in "The Five Doctors", but as he failed in his task it was unlikely that he was given them. He tried to steal The Doctor's remaining ones in "The Five Doctors" (the body he had stolen was already breaking down, and he wouldn't have lived in it long) but that didn't work. The Time Lords did finally give him a new set of regenerations in The Time War, and that is why he was able to regenerate in Utopia.
Also, it's pretty heavily implied that The Curator, played by Tom Baker, towards the end of the special is a distant future incarnation of the Doctor, so there's that.
Also the bonus regenerations he got from River, in Let's Kill Hitler must be remembered as well.
^ Those were not bonus regenerations. At the end of the episode, it is said that all of the regeneration energy was used up in one go in order to bring the Doctor back to life, and the Doctor's own transfer of regeneration energy for the purpose of healing River's wrist was called a "waste" of regeneration energy.
The Master was also promised a new batch of regenerations in "The Five Doctors".
That potion brewed up by the Sisterhood of Karn probably fixed the regeneration problem. According to them the Doctor was Deader than Dead when they pulled him out of Cass's suicide run.
You also have to think why the War Doctor regenerated so soon. The elixir was basically borrowed time, meaning he didn't have much time to do what he needed to do. Plus, he could've willingly regenerated after his task was over. For the Doctor, his time as a War Doctor was probably so short, compared to the years of his other regenerations, meaning they probably couldn't remember much about him.
I should think that the War Doctor actually lived quite a long time, given how young he looked in "Night of the Doctor" just after Eight regenerated. (Makes for some Fridge Horror about how long the Time War lasted!) Rather, it seems that much like with the First Doctor, he just had gotten so old that it was his time. His last words even mirrored the First Doctor's comments about his body wearing thin... That would make for some irony that the War Doctor was one of the few Doctors to regenerate due to natural causes.
Perhaps less ironic than it sounds. The War Doctor was the only Doctor that was regenerated specifically for war circumstances so perhaps he was better suited for surviving conflict than the Doctor usually is.
Apparently, after Moffat watched the special in theaters, he stood up after and told the audience that the final shot of the episode showed all thirteen Doctors. How? David Tennant played (factoring in John Hurt as the Ninth) the Eleventh and Twelfth Doctors — when he was shot in Journey's End, he actually did regenerate; all the energy from it was just stored inside of his old hand. Which makes Matt Smith the Thirteenth Doctor. Now the Christmas special makes a lot more sense — it will be where the Doctor dies after his thirteenth life (for good) in a battle on Trenzalore (with Daleks, Cybermen, Weeping Angels, and the Silence, if the teaser is to be believed). Now the question is, how can he still become Peter Capaldi (and later Tom Baker again) if his thirteen lives are used up? Less than a month until we find out...
As long as the show keeps making money, there will be an excuse for why the Doctor has more than thirteen lives.
Explained; the Time Lords manage to give the Doctor a new regeneration cycle through the Crack, thus enabling him to regenerate.
Not the same screwdriver
The key to unlocking the tower door (that didn't actually need unlocking) was that the War Doctor's screwdriver is the same as 11's, just with a different casing. But it's not. 10's was destroyed when he regenerated, and 11 had the TARDIS create a whole new one for him when he returned to it at the end of The Eleventh Hour. So it's not the same one. Even if he had the calculations backed up in the TARDIS somehow and transferred the function to the new screwdriver, it would've had to have been set to do that beforehand. Meaning he'd have to have been aware he would need it to do that, but he didn't actually realize it was doing it until it was done.
TARDIS is sentient. Unlike the Doctor, she remembered this, since she does not see time in a linear way, and she backed up the calculation as soon as she started working on a new screwdriver.
Aye, they say it is the same _software_ in a new casing. They don't say any of the hardware is the same.
The War Doctor says he implanted the calculations into a permanent subroutine of the software architecture, meaning every version the screwdriver's software would have the calculation embedded somewhere in the base code. So the TARDIS isn't really necessary in backing up the calculation.
Think of it this way: every copy of your favorite program (say, web browser or text editor) uses the same code, but different data. Presumably the screwdriver makes periodic backups of the data it processes (in the TARDIS or wherever), which includes periodic backups of the state of this particular computation. Destroying one screwdriver simply meant the data was restored from the latest backup and the computation continued from this point. Similar to how a cautious modern computer user would restore data from backup if their hard drive failed. (At least, this is how I, a programmer, rationalize it. I don't think Moffat gave it that much thought.)
Except Doctors 1, 6 and 7 did not have screwdrivers at all in the television series. When 5's screwdriver was destroyed he said it was like losing an old friend it was never used again in the original run but does turn up again in the TV movie.
Doctors 1, 6 and 7 didn't need the sonic screwdriver; the subroutine was only added to the sonic screwdriver by the War Doctor, who existed well after these Doctors. Only the War Doctor and his immediately following incarnations — the Tenth and Eleventh Doctors, in other words (well, and the Ninth Doctor as well, but he's not there, so) — needed to have a sonic screwdriver for this purpose. (Although to be pedantic, since the Seventh Doctor used the sonic screwdriver in the TV movie technically he did have the screwdriver in the TV series; we can safely assume he eventually got around to rebuilding it.)
Also, just because we don't see them using Sonic Screwdrivers, there's nothing to suggest that One, Six and Seven don't possess them.
So, Zygon!Kate and her cohorts are hanging out in the Black Archive. Then Real!Kate walks in, unarmed, and activates the nuclear countdown so she can kill all the Zygons. Why the heck is Real!Kate unarmed? Why didn't she march in there with an entire platoon full of soldiers, and order them to shoot the imposters? Or heck, just walk in there with a pistol and shoot 'em yourself. For that matter, once Zygon!Kate realizes that Real!Kate is defenseless, why doesn't she attack Real!Kate? Why not just jump her, and stick her to the wall with Zygon goo? Then Real!Kate wouldn't be able to issue any more voice commands, and Zygon!Kate would be free to stop the detonation on her own. Then the Zygons could go conquer the world! It looks like both sides could have been a lot smarter here. Instead they deadlocked on a verbal sparring match, and they couldn't be bothered to think of anything else.
Maybe she wasn't sure if she could trust anyone else other than those she knew weren't Zygons (ie. those whose bodies had already been nicked).
Most likely this; Osgood and Other!Guy are, at that point, the only two people besides herself that she knows for certain aren't possibly Zygons. As for why Zygon!Kate doesn't attack Real!Kate, Zygons in their natural forms are clearly rather ungainly and not the most effective combatants; they seem to overpower people mainly by taking advantage of their shape-shifting abilities to get the jump on their victims when they're not expecting it and are too startled to offer much effective resistance. Real!Kate, by this point, is clearly expecting Zygon!Kate to try something and is not going to let her guard down so easily. Furthermore, Kate is the head of U.N.I.T, an organisation that has clearly been taking advantage of alien tech; just because she looks unarmed doesn't mean she is unarmed.
Regarding that last sentence: If Real!Kate is armed, why doesn't she just shoot the Zygons?
Because there are more kinds of weapons than just guns, and she might not have one. Hard to shoot someone with a stealth alien defensive shield or a knife, after all.
Keeping the Treaty
The Doctors mess with everyone's memories so they'll be willing to craft a fair treaty. But they'll regain their memories eventually, right? After that happens, why would anyone continue to abide by the treaty? The Zygons were already willing to conquer the earth; will they really abandon their plans just because they signed a treaty? And if they're willing to disobey treaties, why bother crafting one in the first place? Has the Doctor actually fixed anything?
They'd abide by it because it was a completely fair treaty? The Zygons were said to have lost their home planet due to the War, so presumably weren't up for the full-on punching match that would result if they backed out now that they'd been rumbled. So if they can work out a peaceful resolution that works for everyone, why wouldn't they stick by it?
Why does Ten answer saying he only made a choice to sacrifice the few to save the millions (referencing the Time War) once? What about Pompeii?
Technically, he said he'd made the choice to sacrifice millions to save billions before. There weren't millions of people in Pompeii, or billions on Earth, at the time.
We saw at least 3 TARDI Ses standing near each other and they had different colors — Eleven's TARDIS was lighter shade of blue, while Ten's and War Doctor's were darker. Was it color-coded for our convenience or was the model of Ten's TARDIS actually darker ?
The exact shade of blue has varied from prop to prop.
Yeah, you can see the various TARDIS exteriors in this article
It's entirely possible that the Doctor repainted it at some point.
Even simpler, her chameleon circuit may not be entirely broken, and she might be changing the details of her form around periodically. Heck, given her personality, she very well might have an entirely functional chameleon circuit, and just refuses to change her appearance more than a certain amount to make sure her Thief doesn't forget where he parked her again.
So the helicopter picked up the TARDIS roughly 10 seconds after Clara drove into it. How did it miss seeing this? They surely would have noticed a scooter driving down the road towards the TARDIS since they would have to wait for it to pass before picking up the TARDIS. And even if they did see it drive in, they surely would have rung Kate Stewart to say this before even attempting to move it.
Most likely, they were supposed to pick up Clara. They know that she's the doctor's companion, after all. She could be useful. And it's mentioned later on that Clara has earned a top security clearance, for some reason. So it's no wonder that they picked up Clara. What's weird is that Clara didn't notice the helicopter.
Helicopters fly over London all the time. She didn't have any reason to assume its presence had anything to do with the Tardis.
The Moment's choice of form
Without getting into the Rose Tyler fan debate, why did the Moment choose Rose? The idea of the Moment is that it is a weapon of mass destruction that had developed a conscience. Therefore, it is a weapon that makes sure you know what you are doing before you do it. So wouldn't it make more sense for the Moment to choose someone that the user will definitely recognise. If the Moment chose someone like a family member, old friend, former teacher, maybe even an old enemy etc, having someone like that ask "Are you sure you are ready to kill billions of innocent people" instead of a complete stranger (from their perspective) makes you question it more. Choosing someone from their personal future doesn't really help in that matter.
There's an easy-to-miss-line where the Moment tells The War Doctor it chose someone significant from his past, and then amends that to future, reasoning it 'always gets those mixed up.' I think it's supposed to be a callback to The Doctor's Wife, when the Tardis says something similar. Out-of-universe, the casting was most likely chosen because they knew it would appeal to fans.
In universe, it is because the Moment took on Bad Wolf, who had itself taken on Rose. Thats why the first answer was "Rose Tyler" but after further thought, "Bad Wolf"
I think the Moment just made a mistake. It meant to imitate someone from the Doctor's past, but ended up imitating one from his future instead.
Why wouldn't the Moment actually take the form of someone important from the Doctor's past such as Ian or Susan? Why of all of his numerous companions and friends would it choose the one that he would meet in the future? From a story standpoint, it would have made even more sense if the Moment took the form of Ian/Susan/Romana/Adric/Ace etc. so the War Doctor would really realize what was going to happen sooner.
Maybe it's because Rose was the first person who cheered him up after the Time War.
Even leaving aside the Moment's confusion over past and future, there is a kind of logic to it. At that point, the War Doctor has no real hope for the future left; he's abandoned his name and identity, the Time War is destroying the entire universe and the only way to end it is (apparently) to completely wipe out the Time Lords. Rose Tyler represents the first point after the Time War where the Doctor really started feeling positive about his life and the future again. The Moment is, whether consciously or unconsciously, trying to remind the War Doctor that things will get better, he has options and that he doesn't have to give in to despair and hopelessness.
RE: Ian/Susan/Romana/Adric etc.: A good real-world explanation is that the classic series actors have aged too much to make that sort of thing credible. note Billie Piper is only about 7 years older than she was filming Doomsday, and so still looked the part. William Russell is most likely pushing 80, Carole Ann Ford is right around 70, and so would be unrecognizable as the 35-ish and 16-ish characters, respectively, they played in 1963 and audiences would have been expecting (If they wanted to go that route, they could have used the actors from An Adventure in Space and Time, but the Doctor Who staff seems to have more or less an aversion to recasting). Ditto for Lalla Ward (Mary Tamm, sadly, had passed on by the time of filming IIRC) who was 35 or so years removed from her last on-screen appearance as Romana. And Adric died an adolescent, something Matthew Waterhouse is no longer. The only reason Tom Baker got away with it is that it was explicitly stated that he was not the Fourth Doctor, but a later, older Doctor who was riffing on favorite faces.
It may have been a two-way connection. The Bad Wolf could see the whole of time and space, much as the Moment could. Perhaps in her brief time as the Bad Wolf, some minor, distant part of Rose's awareness reached out, and the Moment reached back.
I know that it's just a throwaway joke, but... how did the War Doctor not know what Cup-A-Soup was? 800 years travelling the universe, with a particular fondness for contempory Earth, and he never sees a Cup-A-Soup?
Some possible reasons, off the top of my head.
1: He's been fighting the war a long time, and it's likely he hasn't been to Earth for ages. He's forgotten some minor parts of Earth's cultures. Or the memory was lost during a regeneration.
2: Eleven is a big fan of processed food, which none of the previous doctors have been. Maybe before becoming Eleven, he didn't bother with finding out about it.
It's a fairly culture-specific thing. I had no idea what it was and had to look it up on Wikipedia. Never heard of it in Russia.
It may be called something different in the UK (Pot Noodle, I think?). It's a British show so it would use a British term. i.e. Cup-a-soup. a Pot Noodle is something totally different.
Wait, if Gallifrey Falls No More, then how did 10 go back and count all the dead children there?
How would he have gone back there in the first place? Gallifrey was time-locked and it was supposedly hit by a "Galaxy Eater", so the only thing that would be left would be atoms. He probably just ran the calculations or checked a census, in a more thorough manner, of course.
Clara is a school teacher?
If she's qualified to teach high school why was she working as a nanny?
Maybe she was working as a nanny while she finished gaining her teaching qualifications, or during a period of unemployment. Or, since she was in part working as a nanny to help out a family friend after the death of his wife, she took some time out to help him through his issues but went back to teaching when he was better equipped to cope by himself.
It's perfectly normal for a single adult to have an second job (Or a third) on the side. Though keep in mind, this is a trait Clara naturally has, remember in "The Snowmen" Victorian Clara was a Barmaid as well as a Nanny.
I got the impression that she's just a friend of the family helping out, possibly while between jobs. Memory's a bit fuzzy, so I can't recall if anything was indicated otherwise.
The Doctor's memory of the Time War's end
I get that it's an event he tried to suppress from his memory and never think too hard about, but still, did it really never strike the Doctor how odd it is that, as we must assume, he has no clear recollection of actually activating the Moment or witnessing Gallifrey's destruction?
He probably chalked it up to a side-effect of an unpredictable superweapon. Plus he regenerated immediately afterwards and regeneration does a number on the old memories at the best of times. Combine those two, along with that desire to actively not dwell like you mentioned and it is far more understandable.
Even leaving aside all the things that were removed from it, memory can be a funny thing. Once the War Doctor regenerates, the Ninth Doctor probably has a whole jumble of confused and contradictory memories about what just happened, not just from what the War Doctor experienced but from what his previous eight selves (and future three selves) experienced as well. He probably remembers stealing the Moment and activating it, but then has a lot of confused and fragmentary stuff rattling around in his brain involving him flying around Dalek ships in the TARDIS as they blast Gallifrey, followed by a massive explosion that results in Gallifrey and the Daleks gone. So he put together a rough idea of what happened from those fragments, came up with some logical ways to fill the gaps based on what he knew for certain he'd done and came to a logical conclusion about what must have happened. And since people can be good at retroactively editing their memories to suit their preconceptions (it's partly why two people might have very different memories of the same event that they both experienced), he convinced himself that that logical conclusion was exactly what he experienced even though it wasn't.
There's also the fact that the Doctor clearly doesn't know how the Moment works, just that it's apocalyptic. Combine this with his intent to use the Moment right up until he hears another TARDIS activate, and the fact that his next memory would be regenerating in the TARDIS, and it forms a logical if mistaken pattern: he's about ready to use the Moment, has second thoughts, and then another TARDIS shows up with a Time Lord trying to stop him. He uses the Moment, all the Time Lords and Daleks are gone, and he's mortally wounded.
Why not the 9th Doctor?
So, I understand the production reasons behind the Ninth Doctor's absence, that Eccleston decided not to make an appearance. But just strictly speaking in-universe, why didn't the Moment open a time window to the 9th Doctor's timeline too? The whole point of showing the War Doctor his future incarnations was to try to persuade him from activating the Moment without considering the consequences. Surely, seeing his guilt, sadness, and bitterness in the period immediately following the last day of the Time War would be pretty important.
Since it's implied the Moment actively brought the Doctors together in order for them to devise their alternative plan to save Gallifrey, she might have thought that the Ninth Doctor was too guilty, sad and bitter for this purpose; he's too close to the immediate after-effects of the Time War and might find it harder to devise an alternative solution or be convinced that the alternative solution was even possible. For all that both the Tenth Doctor and Eleventh Doctor clearly have guilt issues around the Time War, both also have a distance from it that the Ninth Doctor doesn't quite have and so find it easier to devise and accept an alternative solution.
The answer to that is probably in "The Parting of the Ways" at the end of the Ninth's life. The Doctor's plan in that was "push big button and destroy Earth, self, and Daleks, for the greater good". He just was not capable of going beyond that, still too caught up in the after effects of his decision, and too ready to repeat it (if it hadn't been for the Emperor Dalek's taunting, he would have done it too). What could he have brought to the party except "do it and be done with it". By the time he was open to miracles and hope again, he's already regenerating.
The Doctor's timeline in the previous episode
At the end of the previous episode, Clara steps into the Doctor's timeline, and sees flashing visions of all the Doctor's incarnations, the last one she sees is the War Doctor, who speaks what is probably that incarnation's most well known line:
War Doctor: What I did, I did without choice, in the name of peace and sanity.
The War Doctor saying that would be fine if Clara stepped into the Doctor's memories, but it is made clear that this is his TIMELINE, which does not make sense as he didn't do it. The only possible explanation is that he is referring to the decision he made (as the Eighth Doctor) to become the War Doctor in the first place.
Perhaps the timeline is manifesting as the Doctor's mind, like in Timewyrm: Revelation.
The Doctor, 10 and 11
Something I found odd, the fact that the Tenth and Eleventh Doctors seem to get along during the "Day of the Doctor" seems, to me at least, a bit out of place. Not only considering in most other multi-Doctor stories, the Doctors always bicker with each other. Considering all the times Ten inflicted A Fate Worse Than Death on his enemies (something Eleven doesn't approve of), his "Time Lord Victorious" phase (Eleven doesn't like people with God Complexes), and his ego issues leaving Eleven without anymore regenerations. You'd think that Eleven would be highly critical of Ten, and perhaps even outright antagonistic of his younger self. But that just never happened?
I guess the simple answer is just that the Tenth and Eleventh Doctors' personalities just happened to mesh well together as opposed to that of the Second and Third Doctors or other incarnations. Both of them being post-incarnations of the War Doctor and the Time War is also a unique common ground they share (though, as we see in the dungeon scene, it does briefly derive some tension between the two). In terms of the "Time Lord Victorious" stuff, perhaps Eleven just gives him a free pass on that since he remembers how he truly felt in that crisis, and he knows that Ten would eventually realize his mistake on his own and regret it.
Leaving the Black Archives
After the Zygon conflict is cleared up in the Black Archives, the Tenth and Eleventh Doctors both head to their TARDI Ses to meet up with the War Doctor. But how were they able to leave the Black Archives without having their memories erased? And furthermore, how did the Tenth Doctor find his TARDIS again, since (as far as I understand) they took it into the fall of Arcadia itself in order to emerge from the painting?
Given that the Doctor's sonic screwdriver is clearly shown to be able to control the memory-eraser thingy, that suggests they'd be easily able to leave without their memories being affected. In any case, they're the Doctor — even if memory wiping technology programmed for humans would work on him to begin with, the fact that he's clearly aware of the Black Archives and has been for what's implied to be a while without UNIT suspecting, that does suggest that the memory erasing technology probably doesn't work that well on him.
As for the Tenth Doctor's TARDIS, that's easy; the Tenth Doctor simply re-entered the painting (possibly thanks to the Eleventh Doctor also piloting his TARDIS into the painting in order for him to do so) and walked back to where he'd parked the TARDIS while inside the painting.
What happens to the Vortex Manipulator after Clara uses it to travel back to Victorian England? We never see or hear of it again afterwards.
The Doctor keeps it as he doesn't want UNIT getting it.