The name of Redd White, CEO of Bluecorp, is chock full of meaning. For one his status as Corrupt Corporate Executive and Mia's murderer means that he's turned into a very effective example of a Type 2 Eaglelander. But then we meet Godot who blames Phoenix for failing to protect Mia. He is incapable of seeing Red on White AKA: putting the blame on who it actually belongs.
This works even better considering that Godot literally cannot see the color red on white.
After the third case, Edgeworth introduces himself to Will Powers as a "fan". Phoenix believes it's just flattery, and on a first playthrough, the player probably will, too. But as you play the later games and get to know Edgeworth better, you'll see that he rarely (if ever) engages in flattery. It eventually becomes very clear to anyone paying attention (especially in Investigations) that he was dead serious when he said he was a fan.
Sort of a Reverse Tear Jerker, but considering Edgeworth's past... this is probably the only childish thing he's been able to enjoy since nine.
Edgeworth's sudden turn on Dee Vaquez makes more sense if you know about his fanboyism. Yes, it's later established that he'd help Phoenix save a defendant who really does seem to be innocent, but what better place to introduce that trait than the end of the trial convicting the lead actor of his favorite series?
This really covers the entire series but this was the game that I first realized it. I didn't get why we kept getting flashes of Phoenix and the prosecuting attorney staring one another down prior to the start of cross examination, without it mattering who was on the stand, when really, you're doing more to try and beat the witness than the prosecutor. But during the fifth case when I saw Gant on the stand it finally hit me... Phoenix and Edgeworth weren't giving each other the death glare, they were both giving it to the witness... the witness who was caught between the defense and prosecutor both trying to find out the truth!
Why does Damon Gant have a cross-shaped necktie, a theme that sounds like organ music, a pipe organ in his office, and a suit of armor? He's a crusader, in the worst sense of the word.
Angel Starr's primary trait is that, depending on which half of her face is concealed, she is either nasty or nice. She is also a former detective with a special talent for interrogation. She is literally the good cop and the bad cop, both in one person.
When von Karma is serving as prosecuting attorney for Miles Edgeworth, he noticeably favors his left arm for the finger-wagging and snapping. At the end of the trial, it's revealed that he still has a bullet lodged in his right shoulder. Moving his right arm excessively must be painful, because of that.
This is supported by the fact that at one point, before the reveal, he grabs his shoulder when he briefly loses his composure and complains at the judge. It probably does hurt him.
Manfred getting shot evidently hit Franziska particularly hard, as her "shocked/hurt/defensive" reaction (even before Shelly de Killer shot her is to grab both shoulders.
In the live action film, Yogi's insanity plea was changed from being caused by lack of oxygen to being caused by fatigue from being overworked. This sounds like a pretty lame excuse, but that makes sense when you consider that Hammond outright admits he doesn't care what happens so long as he gets his not guilty verdict. Of course he wouldn't be bothered to find an excuse that would hold water. It also makes the harassment from Yogi's neighbors make more sense - him getting off on a very weak-sounding excuse just makes it sound like he really was guilty and his attorney couldn't build a better case to get him off.
A dark example comes when von Karma pulls out the stun gun and Phoenix mentions it's "for self-defense...usually". When you think about it, von Karma ultimately is using the taser for self-defense...because he's taking the letter from you, which is decisive evidence to implicate him in Hammond's murder.
Despite being otherwise impeccably groomed, Edgeworth has had one stubborn cowlick at the back of his head ever since he was a child. This symbolizes that: 1) the otherwise serious Edgeworth does have a silly side to him even as an adult, and 2) he hasn't entirely discarded his ideals despite Manfred's influence.
In Rise from the Ashes, towards the end, you receive a book from the defendant. Hidden within this book is a critical piece of evidence. Yet the game will not allow you to examine that evidence properly and find it until a specific point in the trial. These seems rather inconsistent, since all through this trial, you have had the ability to examine evidence in detail. So why is it that you can't examine it then? Simple: because Ema isn't with you when you get it. Remember: all of the Scientific Investigation stuff is ultimately tied into her; she's the one who suggests examining evidence in detail and shows Phoenix how to do it. Without Ema around, Phoenix can re-examine stuff he already had, but only Ema would suggest to actually examine the book. Methodically. Scientifically.
In Rise from the Ashes, we learn that the King of Prosecutors award originally had a broken sword and shield on it. But two years ago, Police Chief Gant had it removed for a reason that Edgeworth was unaware of. Now, the obvious reason would be to avoid people using the broken sword to deduce exactly what Phoenix and Edgeworth deduced in court. However, that would have required Gant to both predict the future and assume that someone would break into his office to steal the drawing, then put Ema on the stand. That being true or not, there is a better reason: symbolism. By removing the broken sword, he is symbolically removing the contradictory nature of the Prosecutor's Office, having created the unstoppable sword. Which reflects the corruption that he, through Lana, exerts over them now. And this is very much how he sees himself.
Edgeworth getting defensive of Cody in 1-3 makes a lot more sense when you consider that he probably had to testify during the original DL-6 trial, and wouldn't be much older than Cody at the time.
The reason Cindy Stone died is related to Larry leaving the door open when he left her apartment.
In a similar way, Larry gave Mia Fey the statue that would bring about her demise.
Well, to be fair, if the statue wasn't there to be used as a murder weapon, White would probably use something else anyway.
The DL-6 Incident happens because Yanni Yogi freaks out and attacks Gregory Edgeworth, while they're stuck in an elevator. Imagine if he had decided to attack the only other person stuck in there with them - nine-year-old Miles?
Also terrifying to think about, in the DL-6 Incident everyone in the elevator was unconscious when von Karma found them. If he hadn't decided to spin his revenge out for fifteen years, and instead get it all done right then and there, he could easily have shot both of the Edgeworths.
Reading this gave me an even worse idea. What if he had shot Miles instead and then framed Yogi, just to twist the knife in further?
And it could get even worse. He could've shot Miles and framed Gregory.
There's a horrifyingly sad Fan Fiction out there based on the alternate story of Miles being killed be von Karma instead of Gregory, and the latter's overwhelming grief.
Oh god I need to know this fanfic!!!
If von Karma caused DL-6 over a penalty on his record, think about what he would have done to Phoenix for breaking it.
When a spirit medium channels the dead, they physically turn into that person. Not only is that weird to begin with, it raises an important question about DL-6: HOW THE HELL DOES MISTY FEY CHANNELING VERY-MUCH-MALE GREGORY EDGEWORTH WORK?
When first playing Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney: Justice for All, it was disappointing how much the last case seemed a retread of case three in the first game: defending a TV Samurai actor accused of killing a rival, with a photograph of the supposed killer in-costume as the central piece of evidence, the same annoying security guard making your investigation difficult for you, and a cold-acting female as the main alternate suspect. Then, when then when the twist came, that your client is, in fact, guilty this time, and the story veered off in a completely different direction, you see that it was intentionally a retread, so that the player would trust the client as they did the first time and the twist would be all the more unexpected.
An even more powerful parallel is the emotional journeys that the lawyers involved in the case take as a result: for Edgeworth in 1-3, it was the beginning of his search for truth and a reformation of his idea of justice, prompted by his former best friend and 'rival'. In 2-4, that self-same journey is undertaken by Phoenix, triggered by the words of his childhood best friend and 'rival'.
Case 3: Turnabout Big Top. It doesn't seem exactly plot relevant... until you realize that it fits in with the all of the other cases thematically. While it may have little impact on the plot, all the characters in this "trial of errors" come across as completely sympathetic (maybe not likeable, but certainly sympathetic). Especially the murderer. Quietly asking what justice is, this case is the perfect set-up to Case 2-4, where the concept of justice is fully explored.
It can be hard to understand how Franziska was so determined to uphold her father's legacy and be just like him despite the fact that Manfred was eventually outed as a batshit insane killer. Even the fact that she's his daughter doesn't excuse what could be seen as her blind devotion to him. But think of it like this: she doesn't fully support Manfred, only the fact that, aside from the murder of Edgeworth's father, he really was a phenomenal prosecutor. So Franzy isn't upholding the legacy of Manfred the killer, she's upholding the legacy of Manfred the prosecutor.
Franziska actually says in-game that her real goal was to get back at Edgeworth for leaving her by proving she had surpassed him. It is also implied that the family reputation for perfection extends to other members of the family besides the two we see, which could explain why she seems so devoted to her family's name even after it's revealed that she wasn't that mad about Phoenix (justifiably) hurting her father's reputation.
This theme gets continued in Investigations when Franziska accuses Edgeworth of tainting the von Karma name by committing murder, ignoring the fact that it can't get any more tainted by blood than it already is. She considers the 'von Karma' name to be above her father's misdeeds.
Investigations 2 implies that Franziska never actually knew the extent of what her father did. In fact, it's possible she never knew that her father killed Edgeworth's father. He was, after all, sent to prison for two murders: Gregory's and Hammond's. If Edgeworth only told her about Hammond's murder, and left out the DL-6 entirely, it paints her father in a very good light as someone who helped a near stranger get revenge for being wronged by his defense attorney. After all, she was never told the motive for why her father would kill Gregory. Edgeworth and Phoenix both knew it was for forged evidence, but Franziska was clearly shocked and horrified to learn her father had ever manipulated evidence. As to why he never told her, she's his little sister and he was likely looking out for her and her feelings. Learning your father murdered the father of your adopted brother, your brother whom you look up to and love as much as you hate him for being better than you, would not fare well on one's psyche.
Manfred von Karma was never sent to prison for the murder of Hammond. He was sent to prison for DL-6. The Hammond case had been closed before the trial for DL-6 had started and the real murderer had already confessed to killing Hammond.
At first Matt Engarde's revelation as a Bitch in Sheep's Clothing seems completely out of the blue, but then you remember something: he's an actor, and a popular one at that. He gets paid a lot of money to pretend to be a hero of justice (something that he most definitely isn't) which means that he's got a lot of talent. Everyone around him keeps remarking how you can "see his star potential", and unlike Juan Corrida, he's subtle enough in his deception that any scandals went unnoticed (since no one other than Adrian Andrews seemed to know that he was Celeste's ex). The revelation isn't that much of a surprise that way.
Matt Engarde's design is really, really neat. Not because of the scar under his hair, although that is super cool but because the collar on his sports jacket performs a double function. At first, it just looks like a goofy racing jacket that a dumb action star would wear, but once he pulls a brandy snifter out of hammerspace and declares his evilness, it looks a hell of a lot like a stereotypical pointed vampire collar - he even gets Cute Little Fangs to match.
One more for Engarde: It might be strange that he's the only murderer who never gets to testify, but it's actually something like karmic retribution. Matt Engarde is defeated in the same way he murders people - by proxy, through Shelly de Killer. It's De Killer's hands that commit the crime, and it's De Killer's testimony that puts Matt in jail. Sort of lovely and cyclical in a way.
In Case 2, Phoenix says Ini (posing as Mimi) had to have worn a wig when posing as Maya channeling her (allegedly) dead sister. Of course this leaves some additional evidence laying around. Now, it's pretty widely accepted that neither Phoenix nor Ace Attorney's police force is especially apt at its job, but even if they somehow managed to miss the wig, I doubt Morgan Fey would've let something as superfluous as that laying around to be found. It's later revealed that Mimi Miney had been posing as Ini Miney the entire time, which, when one thinks about the medical implications of such an impersonation, begs the question of how Mimi's hair follicles magically turned from brown to red. Mimi would've had to forcibly change her hair color, and, though possible, waiting for her hair to grow long enough to dye it doesn't seem likely, as people would see that her hair was brown and she'd lose the ruse. Conclusion: Mimi didn't put on a wig when she killed Turner Grey; she took one off.
One bothersome thing about JFA was the acquisition of the magatama — Phoenix had always done perfectly fine without it in the first game, but it became a major gameplay element in the second. Given Edgeworth's "Logic" ability from AAI (and Mia's hypothetical ability), by comparison Phoenix doesn't have any natural ability for being a lawyer. This actually makes sense, since he changed career paths very suddenly, for a specific reason. (Apollo's ability was natural, but bolstered by his bracelet, so it's likely that he just found a good line of work to use his skill in.)
The page quote on the Ace Attorney page is about how none of the series' murders are straightforward. An excellent example of this is the fact that in case 2-2, Mimi Miney tries to escape being found guilty by framing her own ghost. This sort of qualifies as a category 3 Framing the Guilty Party.
In case 4, Engarde agrees to let Phoenix defend him only after he hears that "De Killer" wants Phoenix to defend him.
In case 4, the relationship of "trust" between Shelly de Killer and his clients is an ironic reflection of the relationship of trust between defense attorneys and their clients.
Relatedly, Phoenix mentioned that he can't just take the not guilty verdict when he had the chance because that would mean he would be no better than Engarde. At first glance, this sounds like the classic Not So Different aesop. But then remember that Edgeworth could have gotten a guilty verdict but didn't because he trusted Phoenix and wanted to get to the bottom of the case. Furthermore, think about what leads to Engarde's downfall, him betraying De Killer's trust. If Phoenix simply took the not guilty verdict when he had the chance, he would be guilty of betraying Edgeworth's trust the same way Engarde betrayed De Killer's trust.
Case 4 again- in Adrian Andrews' testimony after she tries taking the Fifth, Phoenix calls her out, saying it's clearly a pack of lies. Actually, this is the first time she tells the complete truth.
This troper was thinking about the car accident in case 2, and two things hit me:
One: Why was it up to speculation whether Mimi Mini was drugged? Couldn't they have run a drug test on her body? They couldn't. It wasn't Mimi's body. Even if Mimi was drugged, Ini wasn't and would turn up clean in the test.
This one isn't really a Fridge Briliance if you think about it. It's stated clearly several times during the case that the crash caused a HUGE fire and that the fire made "identifying the body almost impossible". That's why they thought that the body was that of Mimi's when it was actually Ini's. After all Ini or rather Mimi posing as he was burned bad enough to need extreme plastic surgery that caused her whole face to turn into that of another person's. The body probably was burnt a lot and hardened by the soot of the fire therefore, it would have been very difficult, if impossible, to test her for drugs.
Two: Why did Mimi continue to insist that the driver was drugged? Because she doesn't want to acknowledge she caused her sister's death.
To save face, of course. No one would willingly admit that they were so tired from work and drove a car, risking their own safety as well as everyone else currently driving on the same streets, and ended up crashing into something that resulted in a death.
Though I think it to be one of the best games I've ever played, Justice for All is the least acclaimed game in the Ace Attorney series. I couldn't figure out why, until I realized: part of what made all of the other games in the series great was the fact that they all had one single case (DL-6, the Dusky Bridge staged kidnapping, Magnifi Gramarye's death, KG-8) that all of the cases in them were tied to somehow, usually with an exception or two. However, none of the cases in Justice for All are related to each other, or any previous murders.
This, of course, doesn't change the fact that the cases didn't all form a very poetic story. Justice for All only lacked the satisfactory moment where you brought closure to a HUGE event, and this ended up being to its reputation's detriment.
Fridge Brilliance: The reason for why Justice for All lacked a single case that was integral to the whole story is in the name itself: JUSTICE. FOR. ALL. This game was all about defending the innocent, discovering the truth and above all, upholding justice for people from all walks of life and not a single case which Phoenix, Apollo or Edgeworth have some personal stake in. Similarly, the third game was about the challenges both Phoenix and Mia faced in their respective cases (Mia with College Phoenix and Terry; Phoenix with Ron DeLite and Maggey) leading up to the final victory against Dahlia.
When you consider who Phoenix's ex-girlfriend is in Trials and Tribulations, his um..."interest" in Regina actually makes some sense. Phoenix seems to have a thing for "cute" girls.
The plan to frame Maya in case 2 makes even more sense when you think about why it would be worth going to all that trouble instead of just killing Maya. Morgan doesn't actually care if Maya lives or dies, just whether or not she can be Master. If Maya was killed, the other people of Kurain Village might insist that she be channeled, in which case she could explain who killed her. If the plan had worked, however, Maya would either be in jail or (presumably) legally banned from channeling spirits ever again... Morgan would barely have had to get her hands dirty.
The Miney sisters' crash leads to some rather nasty Fridge Horror: Mimi Miney's face was burnt badly enough that she needed reconstructive surgery, and Ini Miney's whole body was burnt to the point where she was unrecognizable, since everyone had assumed that she was Mimi. Feel free to imagine how the real Ini's body must have looked in order for them to make that mistake if you need to stay up late tonight, and then imagine how her sister must have felt about having caused that.
One element of 2-4 seemed really incongruous to me - why does Matt Engarde ask you to feed his cat even though his butler is there to do it? After beating the case, I realized why - It's glorious, vindictive, For the Evulz trolling on Matt's part. Matt's the culprit, the butler in question is an assassin, and Maya is locked in the wine cellar of his house. He's rubbing Phoenix's face in the fact that he can't solve the case or rescue Maya even when everything he needs is literally right in front of him. What a jerk!
On the other hand, Matt is Surprised when Phoenix mentions his butler. He didn't actually know De Killer was there! Why would he? They don't exactly have a clear means of communication at that point, kidnapping Maya was a quick improvisation on on De Killer's part, and Engarde hasn't been home since before the awards show. Furthermore, he doesn't really have a butler, so it takes him a few seconds to figure out who Phoenix met.
In case 2-4, when Matt Engarde reveals his true colors, he says, "Assassins aren't above blackmail. They turn their clients into cashcows by holding the sinful deed over their heads". Since Shelly de Killer clearly isn't like this, this most likely means that Engarde has dealt with other assassins before, or at least knew people who had been taken advantage of by one.
Supporting the latter theory is this quote from when Phoenix first meets Engarde, "There's always other people in need of a lawyer, right? Want me to introduce you to a few?" Who knows how many sociopaths Engarde knew, and how many got away scott-free?
Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney: Trials and Tribulations
The overarching plot is dealt with in the first, fourth and fifth cases, while the middle two ("Recipe for Turnabout" and "The Stolen Turnabout") seemed irrelevant. However, they foreshadowed major events in the metaplot. In Case 2, the true killer is Luke Atmey, a man whose name alone shows what he wants. He's an incredibly arrogant criminal who wants to be the centre of attention and commits crimes to cover up his other crimes. Just like Dahlia Hawthorne. You could also read Ron DeLite as being a representation of young Phoenix from case 1, or Terry Fawles as all were wrongly accused and victims of the plan of the real killer.
In the third case the victim's coffee cup is poisoned as he manages to finally escape his debt with Furio Tigre. Like Diego Armando was poisoned by Dahlia Hawthorne just as he looked set to get case breaking evidence to implicate her for the murder of her sister, the theft of the diamond, creating a false identity, causing the death of Terry Fawles and tampering with evidence. Those aren't the only parallels that could be found.
The Très Bien case contains a fake murder in which a witness who is sex-minded and older than most Ace Attorney characters says that they saw the actual murder. This is similar to Bikini and the removal of the Shichishito from Elise' body.
Furio Tigre looks like Phoenix. In this case Furio is the murderer and even parallels Dahlia's poisoning of Diego. To me this makes sense as to Godot, Phoenix is the villain who got Mia killed and Furio reflects that.
It goes one step further: Furio is literally red(dish). And what colour can't Godot see? What was the name of the man who murdered Mia?
There's a triple parallel in both cases with the theme of false identities and impersonation. Much like with Tigre/Nick and Iris/Dahlia, a major breakthrough came when it was realized that there were actually two Mask☆DeMasques running around, Luke and Ron. As well, the ridiculous efforts of Ron to keep his wife happy and the awkward romantic fumblings of Gumshoe for Maggey are writ large with Godot's attempts to protect Maya and destroy Dahlia for Mia's sake.
The Ron/Desiree thing resembles the relationship between Terry Fawles and Dahlia Hawthorne a little bit. Everything that was problematic between Ron and Desiree is taken Up to Eleven with the nightmare that is Terry x Dahlia.
Viola actually admits that what Furio was doing to collect on his debts was "evil," but that she was helping him with it because he pretends to care about her and she wants to believe that he does. This reflects things in the main story.
Also, 3-3 features a criminal who pretends to be someone way more trustworthy than themselves in order to frame an innocent party. Just like Dahlia pretending to be Iris in the last case — only with Dahlia, the framing isn't as important as the crime itself. (Also, with Dahlia, the player doesn't see it coming from a mile away.) Since Tigre turns out to be a bit of a coward (trying to feebly persuade the court that 'it was probably someone else' when everything's against him), the contrast is perfect — Dahlia puts up an innocent front, but is a heartless monster who will do anything to hurt those she wants to hurt, stating that she doesn't care because she's already dead. Tigre puts up an aggressive, intimidating front, but is very cautious to make sure blame doesn't get pinned on him, even recreating the entirety of the murder of Glen Elg with changed guilty parties.
When Godot keeps talking about coffee being "dark and bitter"? He's talking about himself.
Phoenix is an ersatz member of the Fey family. Mia is his mentor, and Maya and Pearls are like his little sisters. That much is obvious, but what isn't so obvious is that Edgeworth is the same thing for the Von Karmas. Maya and Franzy are even the same age, and, like their "big brothers", have opposite personalities. Maya is warm, a bit ditzy, and wears her heart on her sleeve, while Fran is cold, intelligent, condescending, and likes to use her whip to get in touch with people, since she has difficulty empathizing. Also, the parental figures in both are absent through most of the series. Mia is killed, and Manfred is sent to jail for murder, later referred to as "gone". In the third game, Misty Fey herself returns after a long absence, only to be killed.
It's implied that Manfred von Karma was executed for his crimes, so I guess it's pretty much the same thing for both families.
The Karma Houdini of Viola Cadaverini doesn't make a lot of sense at first. Phoenix even proved that person's involvement since they were a key player in creating the illusion that Maggey Byrde poisoned Glen Elg's coffee and people have been arrested for evidence tampering before in the game. However, it makes sense once you think back to Gumshoe's claim that nobody can touch the Cadaverinis. Of course Viola didn't go to jail, her grandfather is a mob boss.
It seems strange that Dahlia in 3-5 failed to realize that she was being channeled by Maya (who has dark hair), which should have given away that she wasn't being channeled by Pearl (who has lighter hair), and furthermore, that she would rely on being able to impersonate Iris (who also has dark hair) while being channeled by Pearl. This just seemed like an arbitrary deviation from how spirit channeling is usually shown to work in the series. However, then after ages Fridge Brilliance struck: Dahlia probably had no idea what color Pearl's hair was. In fact, almost the entire rest of the Fey family — Iris, presumably Dahlia herself (though she dyes it), Misty, Morgan, Maya — has dark hair. Why didn't Morgan tell her Pearl's hair color while hatching the plan? Because Dahlia was supposed to be wearing a demon-warding hood anyway to impersonate Iris, which would conceal her hair color. Dahlia had no reason to find it strange her hair would be dark when she was channeled — she'd just assume Pearl's hair was the same color as her mother's, and go on to figure she can impersonate Iris even without a hood.
The entire case of 3-5 also presents a hefty amount of fridge logic in regards to the clothing of the various spirit mediums. Iris and Maya's clothes are similar, but completely distinguishable, yet Maya even appears to be wearing Iris's exact clothing when Dahila's spirit is forced out of her. And if she had been channeled by Pearl there's no way someone would fail to notice her adult body stuffed into the clothes of a nine year old.
It's assumed that Maya changed into the Hazakurain uniform for the advanced training. And Dahlia most likely assumed that Pearl would have changed clothes following her mother's instructions and/or didn't notice that she was still wearing the same type of uniform that Misty/Elise was wearing when she "died".
In case 3-3, Tigre's breakdown causing a blackout in the courtroom just seems like it's Played for Laughs. But as we later find out, it was really important. When the lights go out, we see the glowing red lights on Godot's visor. This is later used to identify Mystic Misty's real killer in case 3-5.
In case 3-2, the safe in Kane Bullard's office is the same as the one that Gumshoe opens at the beginning of the case. This not only means that Bullard's company provided the safe that guarded the jewel, it also means that the jewel thief probably had inside knowledge of how to open it based on having worked for the company that made it.
Except it was Atmey that stole the jewel, not Ron. Atmey never worked for Bullard's company.
There are some interesting visual things relating to Dahlia Hawthorne. When her eyes turn white in the first case, it looks a lot like what happens with Morgan Fey in case 2-2. Dahlia looks like she has horns.
For that matter, one may notice that Dahlia-as-Iris blushes exactly once during the final case, while the real Iris blushes a lot. Dahlia has no sense of shame or guilt about anything she does, so it's only logical that she seldom blushes.
Dahlia-as-Iris's line while blushing was something similar to, "I think (Phoenix) finally understands. Thank goodness." If anything, Dahlia was probably getting more and more upset with Phoenix, hence her face turning red.
In a similar vein to the Dahlia and Morgan connection, look at Iris's sprite in which she faces forward. Not only is this in contrast with how Iris isn't one to put up an act, it looks very similar to her half-sister Pearl's normal sprite.
Dahlia and Iris are both names for flowering plants. So is "Hawthorne."
I immediately noticed that Glen Elg was a palindrome and that the name of his replacement, Adam Mada, is also a palindrome. However, I somehow didn't notice that his boss, Lisa Basil, also had a palindrome name. This is one of the many name-related jokes/symbols of the series and happens to be one that not everyone caught at first.
At first, it seems like Lisa Basil is reluctant to talk about Glen Elg's problems because she doesn't want to speak ill of her deceased employee, doesn't want to help the man defending her employee's supposed murderer, or is embarrassed that things like gambling addiction and virus creation went on at her company. However, there's another possibility. Basil could have contributed to creating M.C. Bomber! Or at least teaching Elg how to make viruses.
In the first playthrough, it is made pretty clear that Godot has a grudge against Phoenix for not preventing Mia's death. However, on a second playthrough of case 5, the conversation in the cave shows another likely grudge. Phoenix was the Unwitting Pawn who helped Dahlia hide the evidence that she had poisoned Godot.
It is actually mentioned that there are two reasons he didn't like Phoenix and that one of them is how Phoenix carried the necklace, but it's only mentioned once.
The conversation with "Iris" in the cavern toward the very end of the last day of investigations for the last case feels very different on a second play through. You notice things you may have missed the first time. This is, of course, because you know that she's actually Dahlia.
"Iris" promises to do everything she can to help solve the locks, but is probably insincere.
Even though it had been pointed out the previous day, "Iris" doesn't seem to know about the contradiction between her testimony and Bikini's until you "remind" her. "Iris" also doesn't remember giving you the hood until you mention it. She seems to determine where she was before lights out through logic rather than memory.
During the magatama unlock sequence, "Iris" makes underhanded insults (of the kind where it seems like she didn't mean for it to be offensive, but she did) if you get the wrong answers. One response, where she says something like "I feel sorry for you and your confusion because you can't figure anything out," leaves Phoenix thinking "I didn't know she could be so harsh!" Her sarcastic comments asking you to "show me something you are 100 percent sure about, okay" if you show her the silhouette profile are just like her sarcasm when Mia cross-examines her.
After the psyche-unlock, the part where she says "my sister [Dahlia] always does the right thing" is even more laughable once you know that it's a stealth boast rather than naïveté. The part where she tearfully admits to betraying her sister is actually a harsh accusation that Iris betrayed her - which the hypocrite may be using as her internal justification for having just locked her sister inside a freezing and unstable cavern. When she tells her sob story about how after the diamond theft, Dahlia was "destined" to be trapped into doing the things that lead to her execution (even though Dahlia actually had several times when she could have limited bloodshed without putting herself in much danger), it's her 100th attempt at winning sympathy. When she talks about how Dahlia stole the diamond for revenge because their dad treated their mom badly, she's explaining and trying to justify herself.
Finally, when Phoenix asks "Iris" if Dahlia ever talked about her college boyfriend, "Iris" replies, "she told me she hated his guts." This is Dahlia taking a snipe shot at Phoenix's heart while pretending that she's only repeating something she heard without realizing that it referred to him.
Dahlia, as Iris, asks Phoenix if Maya is his girlfriend if you press one of her statements. Putting a Ship Tease moment aside, Dahlia seems to be stealthily insulting Phoenix, in that his "girlfriend" is dead, and Iris, in that the man Iris fell in love with had moved on.
A funny moment occurs when Phoenix presents Larry's sketch to the courtroom Proving how Misty Fey's body was moved from the crime scene. While presenting it, Phoenix calls Larry, aka Laurice Deauxnim, Misty's] "Brilliant, highly-gifted apprentice." The Judge, in disbelief, asks, "Brilliant?" Godot, also in disbelief, asks "Highly Gifted?" Dahlia, posing as Iris, asks, "Apprentice?" with a surprised look on her face. Dahlia never met Larry.
Pay attention to her poses and sprites. Most of them are, obviously, all but a Palette Swap of Dahlia's, plus a few others- in addition to the sweet smile, teary eyes, shy look to the side, and "sweating under pressure" sprites, she has sprites for wide-eyed surprise, blushing, and looking straight at the camera with a serious expression. Dahlia-as-Iris barely uses these alternate expressions at all, and reverts to tears far more quickly than the real Iris ever does, thanks to her near-constant reliance on the Wounded Gazelle Gambit. And, well, you know that if Dahlia could blush on command, she would have milked it the way she does the crying, so it's no wonder she doesn't use that one, period.
It's noticeable, too that Iris has a very slightly different speech pattern (in the English version no less) that makes some of the things Iris says feel slightly... off. Also, as discussed directly above this, the sprite usage also changes the tone of her voice when saying things.
In the first case, "Turnabout Memories", at one point Dahlia says that, "(She and Phoenix) are so lovey-wuvey, we literally make people sick!" Considering Phoenix was actually dating Iris, Dahlia is likely talking about herself here. It helps with a line in "Bridge to the Turnabout", in which Iris thinks that Dahlia must have noticed Iris's feelings for Phoenix and decided to act on her own volition without consulting Iris.
Remember Luke Atmey's speech? ("Unable to find a rival worthy of my genius, I was forced to create one by myself!") The first time, it referred to Mask☆DeMasque, implying that he was using the DeMasque persona to steal treasures, and his "Ace Detective" one to get even more fame. The second time, it referred to Ron DeLite and Phoenix himself. Why? First, he blackmailed Ron, giving him the heist plans in exchange for the treasures he stole and the fame he would have got as "Ace Detective". Second, Atmey's plan hinged on getting accused of stealing the Urn, in order to have an alibi for the murder. He made Wright his enemy on purpose, only for Wright to discover all the truth.
Exactly how much Larry Butz knew about what went on that night. Remember why he was called to the stand: because he went wandering around that night, and therefore he might have seen a snowmobile. Now, we know what actually happened that night: Iris went to the bridge in the snowmobile to retrieve Misty Fey's corpse. And we know that Larry Butz was nearby, since he saw Misty's "flight" and found the crystal from her staff. Well, Butz kept stammering when asked about the "s-snowmobile", so there's a good chance he saw one. Which means he must have at least seen Iris along with it, which is probably why he thought she was the one who flew across the bridge.
More amazing than this is how he concealed this knowledge. Edgeworth was starting to unravel his "carefully" constructed wall of obfuscation, so what does the Butz do? He invites everyone into "The World of Laurice Deauxnim!", which completely derails the entire trial from that point forward. Notice that after this, the snowmobile is never mentioned again (in that day's trial). He basically dropped the picture like a grenade so that he could get off the stand without telling anyone that he saw Iris on a snowmobile, possibly carrying a corpse.
In 3-5, as if Phoenix attempting to run across the burning bridge isn't tear-jerking enough, remember his and Maya's conversations when they first crossed the suspension bridge. He was terrified of heights.
Dahlia calls Mia a spinster out of spite, which would normally just be insulting had she not been the one who poisoned Mia's boyfriend.
Across Entire Phoenix Arc
Why don't Maya or Pearl simply channel the spirit of the victim to find out who killed them? They probably can't, or at least not repeatedly and/or with guaranteed success. The reason that Maya couldn't even summon Mia in the first game was because she was still in training — it was only her panic at Phoenix losing the case that enabled her to call Mia to help her. Despite going back to Kurain Village to hone her abilities, she still hadn't mastered her powers by the time she meets up with Phoenix again — she was attempting her first real summoning while Phoenix was there. After that, every person the Feys summon is a blood relative. Maya tried to summon Mimi Miney, but that was under very controlled and ritualized circumstances, and we never get to see whether she would have succeeded or failed, as it was all a set-up, and Mimi wasn't dead anyway. Maya repeatedly summons Mia, her sister. Pearl summons Mia, her cousin. Both of them are cousins through the female half of the Fey bloodline. Pearl is told to summon Dahlia, who is her half-sister through their mother — and therefore the Fey bloodline. She fails, but only because Maya has already summoned Dahlia — who is her cousin through, once again, the female side of the family. They are never shown summoning anyone that isn't related to them through the Fey bloodline — it's possible that doing so is extremely difficult, and they might not be able to control the spirit they summon regardless.
On a related note, in case 1-2, Mia says "you're just lucky I was born a Fey" to Phoenix. At first I thought it would have been more fitting for her to have said "you're just lucky Maya was born a Fey" seeing as how she was the one who channeled Mia. However I now understand that Mia meant that if she was not a part of the Fey bloodline, then even if they Phoenix did have Maya to help him, it would still be very difficult (or even impossible) for her to summon her. Therefore Mia is not saying it as in he is lucky she can summon but rather that she CAN BE SUMMONED.
What about Gregory Edgeworth? Or can that be chalked up to how Misty had more training than Maya or Pearl?
Misty was the Master of the Kurain Technique, and one who had more power than her sister. It was in a controlled situation with a highly trained professional. Maya and Pearl are not that good yet; Maya's only nineteen, and Pearl is nine.
As an interesting little side note, though, although Misty is the Master and can probably summon just about any spirit, she is the other person who channeled Dahlia in 3-5, and Dahlia is her niece. Everyone in that case who channeled (or tried to channel) her was still related to her.
The way I see it, there is a 'tier' system in the Kurain Channelling technique. My theory is that a rookie should begin by channeling a female blood relative because of the fact that the body-changing would come sort of naturally because of the blood relation. The next tier is an unrelated female to reduce the dependency on the blood relation. The next tier after that is another Fey, but this time a male member (like someone's brother/dad/uncle/etc.) because the body would have to undergo a sex change, which obviously takes a lot of energy, the return to blood relations to help along. The final tier, and the tier that the Master should be at, is to be able to channel a completely unrelated male. It fits in with the storyline of the Feys across the three games: Maya achieved Tier 1 by channeling Mia then attempted to get to Tier 2 with Mimi. Likewise, the only record of a Tier 4 summoning was done by the Master Misty during DL-6. The reason Mia said that is because if she wasn't born a Fey, then Maya would have a harder time channeling her because she wasn't even Tier 1 at the time.
Just in support of this, whenever Maya or Pearl channel Mia, she's obviously, physically present and is able to communicate perfectly clearly. We get a brief transcription of what Gregory Edgeworth says while being channeled by Misty, and it's broken up by lots of pauses. Could be that he's unsure of what he's saying - or it could be that the "connection" between the spirit and the medium is much weaker because he's a non-Fey male.
In case 2-2, Ini Miney says that as long as Ami Fey's spirit sticks around in her urn, the Fey family's spiritual power will stick around. However, it was broken at least three times in recent memory, and the first time while Mia was a pre-teen and Maya was a child. Has the family's power been on the wane ever since that time?
This troper thought of another reason why neither Maya nor Pearl ever attempted to channel a victim: The last time that was done was the DL-6 case, and the medium responsible was Misty Fey, Master of the Kurain Channeling Technique, Maya's mother, and Pearl's aunt. Maya wouldn't have wanted to risk repeating her mother's most devastating failure — which led to her disappearance — and Pearl, having been raised by Morgan to firmly uphold the Fey name, would not have wanted to risk dishonoring the family or opening an old wound for Maya with a similar failure.
Manfred von Karma was shot in his right shoulder and is what brings his downfall. In Justice for All, the last case has Shelly de Killer shooting Franziska, Manfred's daughter of course, in her right shoulder which makes her miss the trial and therefore almost gets Matt Engarde off the hook. During a first play-through, someone is extremely unlikely to make this connection.
Also, when Edgeworth mentions the De Killer case in Ace Attorney Investigations, Franziska shivers noticeably. Of course, the trauma of being shot unexpectedly is bad enough, but when you consider what happened to her father...
In the first game, Phoenix describes Larry as a good friend of his, but in the others, his opinion seems to be, "I'm ashamed to know him." The shift in attitude could be put down to Flanderization and/or Characterization Marches On, but it could also be explained by the fact that at the end of Case 1-4, Nick finds out that Larry was the culprit behind the incident in fourth grade that made him want to become a lawyer in the first place. He considered Larry a friend for coming to his rescue, but finding out Larry was the reason he got in trouble in the first place kind of tainted that a bit.
Tie-in between the second and third games: In the second game, Adrian trusts Franziska so much that she clings to her words even when it becomes clear that trusting those words will lead to her death. This is similar to what Dahlia does with getting the trust of Phoenix and Terry in the third game. That could explain why Phoenix was so observant and upset about what Franziska did.
On a related note, this is something that the culprit says in Justice For All's fourth case: " I had no interest in doing it, really, but bit by bit, it crept up on me. And then the situation just presented itself perfectly... 'How beautiful,' I thought. Let me tell you something. I'm not like [weak people]. I don't depend on anyone. People are simply things to be used. Used and thrown away. Put on a sweet, innocent face, and people will swallow anything you feed them. [That fool] fell for it. [That other fool], too. Oh, and how can I forget. Even you fell for it, Mister Lawyer! Everyone, all working their butts off for me! Aww, did that leave you speechless? What a shame." Remind anyone of a certain character in Trials and Tribulations?
Speaking of Adrian, the the fact that she acts rather clumsy in case 3-2 makes the amount of spare pairs of glasses she has in case 2-4 a bit more plausible.
The way Maya can shrug off seeing all her relatives dieing horribly around her with so little pain is actually easy to explain when you realize she is one of the few people in the world who doesn't have any doubts about the existence of an afterlife and can always ask Pearl to channel both Mia and Misti at any time if she needs to see them.
I'm not sure if it was intentional, but the Fey family seems to have a specific naming pattern; Almost all names start with an M and have two syllables: Mor-gan, Mi-a, Mis-ty etcetera. The exception being Morgan’s daughters.
Additional Fridge Brilliance; the only characters who follow this pattern are from the main families of their generation. Pearl and her sisters are from the branch family and therefore do not follow this naming convention.
Another thing: Mia and Ami can both be re-arranged to spell "I am". Maya spelt backwards is "Ayam", which sounds exactly like "I am." Which is just interesting, rather than anything significant.
"I Am" is the rough English translation of the Hebrew "YHWH", the name God gives himself when Moses asks. This could be a hint at Mia and Maya's status as the only truly good characters in the game, or it could be a huge coincidence we're looking at too in-depth.
It may seem like Fridge Logic when unlucky Maggey Byrde fell from her 9th story apartment as a baby and survived. Seems like that would make her extremely lucky, right? But then it hits you: by surviving, the rest of her life basically became a living hell. Guess sometimes you really are better off dead. She is the defendant for case 3-3.
Franziska copies a lot of her dad's body language. As mentioned above, Manfred von Karma clutches his right shoulder◊ when backed into a corner; she does this too◊, despite not having the excuse of taking a bullet there. She also clutches at her sleeve the same way when annoyed, and uses whip-cracks in place of his finger-snaps. Interestingly, young Edgeworth (as seen in both T&T and AAI) also copies one of von Karma's gestures (the tsk-ing finger wag with one eye closed), but he's dropped it by the timeframe of the games.