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* Rider [[spoiler:(who is really Medusa)]] being TheWoobie seems like just a common case of mythological monster being treated more sympathetically in an adaptation. However, in certain versions of the story, [[spoiler:Medusa]] was a priestess turned into a monster by Athena ''for being raped by Poseidon in her temple''. They really didn't drastically change the story, they simply took the basic concept of it and let the sheer ValuesDissonance change how sympathetically she is perceived. This gets even better if you've played through Heaven's Feel and keep in mind how the Servants are supposed to usually have similar traits to their Masters... The sequel, Hollow Ataraxia, makes this ''explicit'', by showing that Rider originally accepted the summoning in order that she could protect Sakura and help prevent her from turning into a monster like she had.
* One might chalk up [[spoiler:Medusa riding Pegasus]] as well as her summoning technique to ArtisticLicense. But [[spoiler:Pegasus was originally born from Medusa. When her head was decapitated. You know, the whole part where she slits her throat to summon him? ]]
* Archer's class:
** Many people wonder why Archer was summoned as an Archer, instead of Saber, since he uses swords, and barely ever uses his bow. If you think about it, and play the game, though, it makes perfect sense for at least four reasons. [[spoiler: 1. His favoured martial art in life was archery, and he was most skilled with a bow. 2. Archer treats his weapons as totally disposable, and is a total CombatPragmatist. This win-at-any-cost attitude is reflective of the Archer class, not the honorable fighters represented by the Saber class. 3. Both inside and outside his Reality Marble, Archer can levitate his swords in midair and fire them in the same manner as the Gate of Babylon, which itself is the reason why Gilgamesh is an Archer. 4. Archer's entire backstory and mindset, and abilities, are reflective of the ancient Japanese philosophy of archery as a martial art. The perfect archer is one who has learnt to suppress the self, and give over one's life entirely to attaining a goal. The self becomes the bow, and as long as one imagines hitting the target, the target can be hit. Archer embodies precisely a dark version of this ideal. This is even set up in a ChekhovsGun near the beginning of UBW.]]
** This is expanded even further when you realize that Archer's special ability [[spoiler: Unlimited Blade Works and Tracing, his unique form of projection magic]] is actually based entirely on the same principles as Kyudo, the ancient Japanese art of archery. In the Fate route, Archer gives Shirou advice which initially sounds like him condescendingly reminding Shirou of the eight steps of firing, which is Kyudo 101. In actuality, [[spoiler: it's the hint Shirou needs to realize how to use his projection magic properly]]. The archery club scene in Unlimited Blade Works makes this even more blatant as we can see the steps to fire an arrow [[spoiler: mirror the steps Shirou used to project Caliburn toward the end of Fate]]. The parallel is completed later in UBW when [[spoiler: Shirou's projected swords repeatedly break because he doesn't have to calm, nothingness/void state of mind that was stated was needed for archery, where the result is predetermined in one's mind and success is guaranteed before one even begins.]] Archer's skill, Eye of the Mind (True) is a reflection of his mastery of this, where his NervesOfSteel enable him to focus his mind only on his objectives and see the best way to reach it, formulating and "firing" even complex tactics as easily as he fires his arrows.
* When Archer is first summoned and Tohsaka asks him what he desires from the Holy Grail, Archer offhandedly replies with "Lets see...World Peace?". [[spoiler: This was the wish Emiya Kiritsugu had going into the 4th Holy Grail War, and is early evidence that Archer hasn't forgotten everything that drives him.]]
* Shirou's problem with his magic circuits in the Fate route almost perfectly mirrors his struggles with [[spoiler: projection magic]] in the Unlimited Blade Works route. In the former, Shirou keeps struggling to use magic because [[spoiler: he keeps trying to create a new magic circuit each time he needs to use magic instead of using the ones he already has]]. In the latter, Shirou keeps struggling to use magic because [[spoiler: he keeps trying to create swords entirely from scratch every time he projects instead of drawing the copy he already has in his Reality Marble]].
* Lancer in Unlimited Blade Works:
** How was it that Lancer, [[spoiler: after stabbing himself through the heart under the power of the Command Spell, was still able to kill Kotomine, stab Shinji, free Tohsaka, say a few last words, and still manage to self-destruct? The skill screen has the answer. Lancer has "Battle Continuation, A-Rank", which lets him continue fighting no matter how badly he is wounded so long as it isn't immediately fatal. Having the heart destroyed is not immediately fatal for Servants as they are spiritual beings, so Lancer was able to kick ass well past what seems feasible.]]
** This has some basis in Cu Chulainn's legend, where he managed to cut a man, despite being dead.
** Also in Chulainn's legend, as well as in another Lancer (Diarmuid)'s legend, was where the concept for a {{geas}} was originated. Eventually Chulainn was forced to betray a geas put onto him. The Command Seals are effectively geases. [[spoiler: Is it a wonder that those with an experience with geases got the crap end whenever a Command Seal is used]]?
* The Grail:
** Some may wonder why the holy grail was arbitrarily named such when its nature and [[spoiler: ostensible]] function had absolutely nothing to do with the actual holy grail of legend. [[spoiler: The entire reason for the grail's creation was to access use of the Third Sorcery, materialization of the soul. AKA, ''true immortality.'' Doesn't seem so arbitrary now, does it.]]
** Also, in Heaven's Feel it is revealed [[spoiler: that the grail was created for the purpose of opening a gate to the root of the universe, which is stated to be the ultimate goal of anyone who calls himself a magus. Given that Holy Grail has also become a term meaning an ultimate aspiration or goal, it also earns its name by being created to facilitating the accomplishment of the ultimate goal of all magi.]]
* Why is Saber such a notorious BigEater? [[spoiler:she's King Arthur! she's probably used to eating at the head of large feasts, not modern-sized meals]]. Also, before Saber's reign as King Arthur, she spent her life as a squire. Squires aren't known for always having enough to eat; Saber appreciates good food probably because she remembers what it's like to be practically starving.
* The infamous "Mind Of Steel" Bad End from ''Heaven's Feel'' [[spoiler:has both Ilya and Kotomine state that what Shirou does is ''become'' Kiritsugu. It makes sense for Ilya to say that, considering her connection to him-- but the true extent of the parallel is revealed after reading ''LightNovel/FateZero''. Both Shirou and Kiritsugu fell in love with a woman who is a vessel of the Holy Grail (Sakura, Irisviel), who wasn't expected to really live long at all because of that. Kiritsugu sacrificed her for the sake of winning the war and saving other people, in accordance to his idealism and his "kill one to save ten, ten to save a hundred, a hundred to save a thousand" philosophy. In this BadEnd, Shirou does the ''exact same thing'', and if he kills Ilya and Rin, the other Masters, too, then he'll be following in his father's footsteps even further, killing off as many Masters as possible. While Shirou's other choice, to protect Sakura against all odds is basically the exact opposite of Kiritsugu's actions in every sense possible, as he sacrifices other people for his love instead. In a metaphorical sense, one could see this as Shirou fixing his father's mistake, and just goes to show how much Shirou changes.]]
* Saber [[spoiler:not aging for ten years due to Avalon]] makes a surprising amount of symbolic sense. [[spoiler:When she took out the sword, she willingly became a King and abandoned everything for the sake of her country, at a young age when she was still an idealistic little girl, to fulfill the ideal that she had at that age. To do that, she completely repressed that part of herself, and continued acting for that purpose ten years later. In other words, ten years later she never outgrew her idealism, and never aged naturally on an emotional and mental level either, meaning she remained that fifteen year old girl deep down because that part of her never aged.]]
* After LightNovel/FateZero, considering just who raised Shirou, his sense of worth being so deeply embedded in being a hero makes ''so'' much sense.
* Which two Servants successfully betray their masters in Fate and LightNovel/FateZero? [[spoiler: Archer and Gilgamesh]]. What do they have in common? [[spoiler: The Archer class skill: Independent Action.]]
* Why did Tohsaka move in with Shiro after they decide to ally temporarily? Wouldn't her house be much better defended? It's possible she wasn't planning on it being long term and didn't want him seeing the defences, but neither Shirou nor Saber seem like they'd be great at unraveling its defences.
* When you think about it, Shirou's development in each route is the product of contact with Archer. In Fate it's Archer's verbal advice that leads Shirou to try projection. In UBW he absorbs knowledge by watching Archer fight and copying him, and in Heaven's Feel he gets Archer's full powers by virtue of the arm graft. This makes sense when you consider that Shirou's strength was always a CharlesAtlasSuperpower and Archer helps him cut corners towards it. Despite his enmity, Archer is quite the StealthMentor.
* Why does Kirei Kotomine love his mapo tofu so? Simple: because, as someone only able to take pleasure from evil, it's a food that makes the people around him uncomfortable.
* Saber is noted as having an unusually high magic resistance even for her class. [[spoiler:In UBW, after Caster takes Shirou's command spells and makes her into her Servant she manages to fight against Caster's order to kill Tohsaka and Shirou and is able to resist her control for three days, while Fate Zero showed that Kiritsugu needed '''two''' Command Spells to force Saber to destroy the Holy Grail.]] With the reveal of her identity as [[spoiler: Arturia Pendragon and being descended from dragons]] this makes sense sense. [[spoiler: Dragons in stories are often known for being impervious to magic, which explains Saber's high AntiMagic ability.]]
* Some people have made the comment that Rule Breaker seems to have no mythological basis. But [[spoiler: Caster, being Medea, is best known for killing her own brother, in the process betraying her own family. Rule Breaker is the dagger used by Medea to commit her greatest betrayal - a fitting weapon to have the power to break oaths.]]
* The three story paths all focus on several characters but in different ways!
** The Fate path focuses on the servant and master relationship, the story focuses on the conflict between Shirou and Saber against other Master and Servant pairs like Shinji and Rider, and the romance is between a Master and a Servant. Even the final boss is a Master and Servant Pair.
** The Unlimited Blade Works path focuses on servants! Archer plays a large role, Caster is at her most active, Lancer appears more frequently, and the relationship between Shirou and Saber is very much a Master and Servant. Gilgamesh takes the spotlight as the main villain and Rin and Shirou get together after losing their Servants and their character Development. It also explores Archer's identity and what made him a Hero, and later a Servant.
** Heavens Feel focuses on the Human characters. Kotomine, Shirou, Illya, and Sakura get explored greatly compared to the Fate path and very quickly in the story Lancer, Caster, Assassin, Gilgamesh, and Archer are killed with Beserker dying shortly too. Saber and Rider are the only ones left, and after their fight only Rider. Zouken even appears and thus moves the storyline with a more focused story to it. The final boss is even Kotomine, who fights Shirou.
* The choice of Herakles as the Einzbern Servant is rather telling:
** The Einzbern aspires to recover the Third True Magic, the Materialization of the Soul. In layman terms, that means raising the dead. Herakles ''did just that''. Upon finding that the wife of his host Admetus had died, he went to the Netherworld, wrestled and defeated ''the anthropomorphic personification of Death'' and brought her back to life as apology for having unknowingly been a bad guest.
** Alternative possibility: he's a dragon slayer (his Eleventh Labor involved killing the dragon Ladon to allow Atlas to recover the golden apples of the Hesperides, and the Lernaean Hydra slain in the Second Labor could be considered a multi-headed dragon). Possibly accidental, but this way Herakles is even more superior to their Servant of the Fourth War, who was practically a dragon in human form.
* The bare-bones definition of True Magic is that of an event that cannot either happen naturally or be performed by science, no matter the time and resources used. It's pretty much the same as the RealLife Catholic Church's definition of a miracle, that is an event not explicable by natural or scientific laws, to the point that upon hearing of a miracle the Church will have it dissected by scientists before accepting it as such.
* In the prologue, Shirou was able to ward off Lancer's deathblows for a short while with a reinforced poster, despite being outclassed in speed and reflexes, by guessing where he would attack and deflecting the spear the moment he did. This is probably a subtle foreshadowing to the scene in the UBW route where [[spoiler:Archer wards off Lancer's full-force attacks in a similar fashion.]]


* Small one for the Heavens Feel normal end [[spoiler: when Shirou uses Excalibur it destroys the cave and he is crushed within... but when he hesitates, he is saved by Illya. Seems fair enough until you realize she spoke to Zouken during the fight with Kotomine... Shirou destroys the cave AND kills Illya!]]
* A BIG one for Heaven's Feel. [[spoiler: Saber, being an entity that isn't quite a full Heroic Spirit, retains memories and experiences that she had in her attempts to gain the Holy Grail. So when she's corrupted by Sakura, and killed by Shirou without being restored, it's very possible that the Saber of that route has been PERMANENTLY CORRUPTED, to the point that not even death would free her.]]
* What might have happened if [[spoiler:Lancer]] were summoned as TheBerserker instead, which would give him the "[[BodyHorror Warp]] [[NightmareFuel Spasm]]" as one of his skills.
* On the same token, Berserker summoned as Assassin. Think about it: ''Herakles'' with the ability to hide and sneak up on anyone. Assassin is usually balanced because he's the weakest Servant, but with the WorldsStrongestMan... And that's probably why normally Assassin can only be one of the Hassans: [[GenreSavvy the creators didn't want something like this to happen]].


On the [[Headscratchers/FateStayNight headscratchers page]].