Frankenstein (full title: Frankenstein: A Modern Prometheus) is a novel by Mary Shelley, originally published in 1818, with a 1823 reprint without Shelley's involvement and a third edition in 1831, this time with significant edits from the author.For more about the novel, see Frankenstein.This novel has been adapted into a minor subgenre of movies and sequels:
Frankenstein (1910 film), a film written and directed by J. Searle Dawley, and the first film adaptation. Largely a showcase of special effects, and it was believed lost for decades. Luckily, a copy was eventually found.
Life Without Soul (1915), the second film adaptation of Shelley's novel, remains a lost film.
Frankenstein (1931 film), a film directed by James Whale and the first to star Boris Karloff as the title monster. Rather than the cynical, intelligent monster of the book, the Universal Studios version presents a childlike creature that Does Not Know His Own Strength. This is the best-known adaptation, locked in the creature's physical appearance in pop-culture, and spawned its own series of sequels and parodies:
Frankenstein 1970, a 1958 film directed by Howard W. Koch.
Frankenstein Conquers The World, a Toho film where the monster's immortal heart makes it's way to Japan and after exposure to the Hiroshima blast, leads to a new giant-sized Frankenstein, who fights a giant fire-breathing lizard named Baragon. Followed by War Of The Gargantuas, where two creatures grow from scraps left behind in the previous movie.
Frankenstein (US TV miniseries), a 2004 adaptation shown on the Hallmark Channel.
Frankenstein (2007 film), a 2007 adaption shown on ITV.
Frankenstein: La Opera Rock(2009 play) a Mexican Rock Opera adaptation of the book, taking references from some of the movies. Written, directed, and composed by José Fores, who also plays the role of the creature.
Frankenstein (Upcoming) Guillermo Del Toro is planning his own adaptation, which will star Doug Jones as the monster.
Frankenstein's Wedding, a live musical filmed in Leeds, with the audience taking on the role of guests at Victor and Elizabeth's wedding.
Blind and the Beast: The creature tries to befriend a blind man, and it works! Except the man's family returns and casts out the creature before he can explain himself.
Sort of subverted in at least one version, where the blind man treats the creature politely... until his family tells him what the creature actually looks like, at which point he's horrified in spite of how nice the creature's been so far.
Common Knowledge: Everyone "knows" that Frankenstein is the creature, or at least used to. Nowadays it's fairly common in fiction to hear one character snootily correct another about it being the name of the scientist and not the monster.
Creating Life: Easily the best example—perhaps not for Frankenstein, but certainly for Shelley
Grave Robbing: In most adaptations, how the parts to create the monster are obtained.
Herr Doctor: Possibly the Trope Codifier. More the films than the novel; both because the films' version of Frankenstein is more Germanic, and because in the original novel he never got his doctorate - after the shock of seeing his creation realised, he switched to studying literature, then dropped his studies entirely to deal with the creature's vendetta against him.
My Name Is Not Durwood: Many people call Frankenstein's Monster "Frankenstein", while he actually has no name. "Frankenstein" is the name of his maker, Victor Frankenstein. But I guess we can blame Mary Shelley for that; it would be a lot clearer to all if she'd called her novel "Doctor Frankenstein".
Lampshaded in the third Universal film, when the train bearing Frankenstein's family arrives in their hometown.
Wolf Frankenstein: "Why, nine out of ten people call that misshapen creature of my father's experiments-"
Guard: "Frankenstein Village."
This confusion dates back nearly as far as the novel itself, and became established during periods when the actual book was out of print, but its characters and plot were being emulated by stage plays, knockoffs and parodies throughout the pre-copyright 19th century.
Retcon: Both Frankenstein and his creation are pretty clearly killed at the end of the 1931 film, but preview screenings proved so successful that they changed the ending to allow for Vic—er, Henry's survival, and then implying that the monster also survived the fire under the windmill. James Whale originally refused to direct the sequel, Bride of Frankenstein, but eventually decided to so he could makeOne More River. Knowing he could never top the original, he decided to make it "a hoot."