->''"Do you know how many wars I've been in? I was fighting for my country while your father was still in bum-freezers! You laugh at my big belly but you don't know how I got it! You laugh at my mustache but you don't know why I grew it! ''How do you know what sort of fellow I was when I was as young as you are?''"''
-->--'''Major General Clive Wynne-Candy'''

A (subtle) 1943 British UsefulNotes/WorldWarII propaganda film whose protagonist does not die during the film, is not a colonel, and is not surnamed "Blimp". Despite this triple deception, it is very good.

In the midst of the war, a group of British Army soldiers think they are ''very'' clever when they set out to capture the commanders of the local Home Guard units so that they can easily defeat their leaderless forces in a wargame that starts later that day. They capture the Home Guard commander, Major General Clive Wynne-Candy (Roger Livesey), while he's in a Turkish bath - mocking his outrage at their invalidation of the exercise, his fatness, and his moustache. An enraged Candy begins beating the stuffing out the British Army commander, the young Lieutenant Wilson, and segues into the story of his life. Flashing back 41 years to 1902, we see a young Clive Candy, newly returned from the [[UsefulNotes/TheSecondBoerWar Boer War]] and wearing his new Victoria Cross. A visit to Germany at the behest of Miss Edith Hunter (Creator/DeborahKerr), ostensibly to 'refute anti-British propaganda', and a duel with Prussian officer Theodore Kretschmar-Schuldorff (Anton Walbrook) ensues. Over the next forty years Clive and Theodore meet several more times, including in UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, and Clive will always be on the lookout for other women like his idol, Edith.

The film was released in 1943 in the United Kingdom, at the height of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, and two years later in the United States ([[ExecutiveMeddling in heavily edited form]]).

The film was commissioned by the Ministry of Information to influence British public opinion, and was part of their general efforts to persuade the British public that the [[UsefulNotes/TheAirWar RAF's 'Strategic Bombing' campaign]] was effective and morally justified. The film's underlying message is that [[GodzillaThreshold the British military's use of deeply immoral methods is both morally justified by the nature of the enemy and necessary to actually win]]. [[ShaggyDogStory Unfortunately, after the war it transpired that the campaign's slight reduction in the increase of German industrial output in the final months of the war had at best been a poor return on Britain's massive investments of aircraft production and lives.]]

Interestingly, when they got wind of the script the Ministry of War and even UsefulNotes/WinstonChurchill himself tried to prevent the film from being made. This was initially because they feared that it would mock the leadership of the British Army, as Colonel Blimp was a well-known satirical newspaper-cartoon character who expressed reactionary, jingoistic, ignorant, and frankly moronic views:

->''"[[https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4e/Colonel_Blimp_cartoon.png Gad, sir! Lord Beatty is right. We must build a bigger navy than the enemy will build when he hears that we're building a bigger navy than he's building]]!"''

Upon examining the script, they continued to obstruct its production out of fears that it would might instill doubts about whether all Germans were inherently thuggish and brutal, as in all the propaganda produced during the war so far and in UsefulNotes/WorldWarI. This was done because it was not felt that ordinary British people were capable of understanding nuance. Together they successfully prevented Powell & Pressburger from hiring Creator/LaurenceOlivier for the role of Blimp and legally using military equipment and vehicles (which had to be stolen). At the time of its release critics also attacked it for mocking the British Army and/or being "pro-German".

It has subsequently been considered one of the finest British films, and to have taken anti-Nazi wartime propaganda to much subtler and more ethical level, which was arguably more effective for those very reasons. It was the fourth collaboration between writer-directors Creator/MichaelPowell and Emeric Pressburger in their production company, The Archers. The duo would go on to make several more films, including ''[[Film/TheRedShoes1948 The Red Shoes]]'' and ''Film/BlackNarcissus''. Also notable for being the breakout part for British actress Creator/DeborahKerr, who was only 21 when the film was made.

!Contains examples of:

* AFatherToHisMen: Candy. It is implied that he hires his Great War batman, Murdock, as his Butler to ensure him steady work.
* AllGermansAreNazis: Averted! One of the main reasons Churchill disliked the film was the character of Theo, a sympathetic German (though explicitly anti-Nazi). He remained in the story thanks to Powell and Pressburger's [[DoingItForTheArt artistic commitment]]. Anton Walbrook, the actor who plays Theo had ImmigrantPatriotism for England noting the fact that their refusal to indulge in stereotypes was why they were better than UsefulNotes/NaziGermany.
* BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor: When they're first married, Barbara begs Clive to "never change." Unfortunately, he takes this literally.
* BigFun : Clive Wynne Candy, as played by Roger Livesey is perhaps the embodiment of this trope at its finest.
* BittersweetEnding: [[spoiler: A lovely one: Clive has lost the war game in a very humiliating way, and his own approach has been shown up as outdated, but on the other hand he's finally accepted that he himself can't change and that officers like Spud are what the war effort needs, so as Spud and his men march past, he salutes them, grinning.]]
* CoolOldGuy : The film manages to make Clive Wynne Candy, a caricature of the Colonel Blimp cartoons, into this. Or as Johnny Cannon says, "He's such an old darling."
* DeadpanSnarker: Theo, Spud and Johnny, but even Clive gets in a couple:
-->'''Barbara''': We must go, darling, we're having the Bishop for lunch.
-->'''Clive''': I hope he's tender.
* {{Deconstruction}}: The original Colonel Blimp character, created by left-wing cartoonist David Low, was meant as a satire of conservative Army officers, but Powell and Pressburger deconstructed it by examining how the character would have got that way in the first place--of course, giving him a rich and interesting early life made him much more sympathetic. Indeed, it is a {{Reconstruction}} by showing that even if Blimp is an outdated, old caricature, he still embodies some of England's greatest virtues of friendship, fair play and common decency.
* DefeatMeansFriendship: Sort of. Clive and Theo become lifelong friends after their duel, but the film [[TheUnreveal never tells us who won (or whether either of them did)]]. Later, Clive takes this attitude toward Germany after the 1918 Armistice.
* DoppelgangerReplacementLoveInterest: Undoubtedly a TropeCodifier.
* DramaticallyMissingThePoint: Given that, unbeknownst to him, Van Zijl has used the threat of torture to get information from the captured Germans, Clive draws an entirely erroneous moral from the Armistice:
-->'''Clive''': Murdoch, the war is over. The Germans have accepted the terms of the armistice; hostilities cease at 10 o'clock. It's nearly that now. Murdoch, do you know what this means?
-->'''Murdoch''': I do, sir. Peace. We can go home. Everybody can go home.
-->'''Clive''': For me, Murdoch, it means more than that; it means that right is might after all. The Germans have shelled hospitals, bombed open towns, sunk neutral ships, used poison gas, and we won--clean fighting, honest soldiering have won.
* EndOfAnAge: The film covers forty years and is essentially the story about the end of the British Empire and its regimented class system and the breakdown of society that happened during the Second World War, essentially its about the Old Victorian and Edwardian England becoming 20th Century England.
* FatalFlaw: Clive's is a non-standard one, No Self-Awareness. He never realises what he wants until it's too late for him to have it.
* {{Flanderization}}: The film is in part a Deconstruction of the process of Flanderization, showing how with each bad decision he makes (such as[[spoiler: not telling Edith that he loves her]], or failing to realise that warfare is becoming progressively crueler and more brutal), Clive ''Flanderizes himself'', turning from a romantic and impetuous young man with zero self-awareness into a lovable but self-important old fool. Fortunately, he acquires enough self-awareness that, by the end, he realises that it's happened and that the best thing he can do is give his support to those who can fight the war better than he can.
* GoodIsOldFashioned: Candy thinks that attacking innocents and torturing POW is deeply immoral and unjustifiable, but he lives into the age of Total War wherein both become common practices.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Clive is apparently friendly with Creator/ArthurConanDoyle, who's said in the film to be collecting material to counter the Germans' anti-British propaganda.
* HonorBeforeReason: Candy would rather lose the war than win by stooping to "dirty" methods. Theo states his views that the British are so close to losing that, if they do use these ill-defined "dirty" methods, then the Nazis will win. The fact that the government doesn't share Candy's views leads to him being forcibly retired again. When the film was made the Ministry of Information was not just trying to convince the British public that [[BelievingTheirOwnLies the Strategic Bombing campaign was effective]], but that [[BlatantLies it was so effective that the Soviet Union would lose the war without it]]. As they say, go hard or go home.
* IWasQuiteALooker: Clive doesn't exactly say this about himself in the speech at the top of the page, not being the boastful type, but although the old Clive make-up is very convincing, young Clive was quite the heartthrob. (Roger Livesey was only 36-37 when the film was made.)
* KilledOffForReal: [[spoiler: Barbara, Murdoch and Edith.]]
* LongSpeechTeaTime
* NonIndicativeName: The central character is not called Blimp, he never achieves the rank of colonel, [[spoiler:and he doesn’t die.]]
* PhysicalScarsPsychologicalScars: [[spoiler:The reason for Clive's stereotypical mustache? To hide a dueling scar.]]
* PropagandaPiece: what the Ministry of Information wanted and paid for. They got one, but (as with so many other Powell & Pressburger films) one with subversive implications regarding German culture and the use of immoral methods by the British military.
* RealLifeWritesThePlot : Emeric Pressburger the screenwriter, a Hungarian Jew who lived in Berlin, modeled Theo's speech at the immigration bureau on his own experience entering Britain. The unfortunately-named Austian emigre Adolph Anton Wilhelm Wahlbruecke (stage name Anton Walbrook), who played Theo, likewise exiled himself from Austria when it became a right-wing dictatorship in the '20s. Both had ImmigrantPatriotism for England.
* RedOniBlueOni : Despite being a StiffUpperLip, Candy is a solid Red (all red cheeks and nose) to Theo's Blue, to everyone's blue basically.
* ReplacementGoldfish : Candy's wife Barbara and his ATS chauffeur Angela (aka Johnny) are these for Edith, though in Johnny's case Candy is too much of a darling to make it more than platonic. What makes them this trope is that [[ActingForTwo they're all played by the same actress.]] Theo [[LampshadeHanging lampshades]] it.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: Candy is idealistic, Theo and most other people are cynical. Although it's inverted in that all of Candy's friends, including Theo love him for truly embodying his beliefs of fair play, friendship and StiffUpperLip. The film itself is very much on the idealist side.
* SpitefulSpit
* StiffUpperLip : Roger Livesey's Colonel Blimp embodies his country's national stereotype in the way that Theo with his angsty and serious demeanour embodies Germans have NoSenseOfHumor. Though it's highly subverted.
* TokenEnemyMinority: Theo.
* TomboyishName: Angela "Johnny" Cannon.
* WhenIWasYourAge : Candy invokes this at the end of the film, in his dealing with Spud.
* WhileYouWereInDiapers : Candy takes this even further.
--> "''I was a soldier...when you were nothing more than a toss between a boy and a girl's name.''"
* WorldOfCardboardSpeech : The film's moving final lines...
--> "''Here is the lake...and I still haven't changed.''"