A 2001 British historical {{romantic comedy}} film, directed by Alan Taylor and based on Simon Leys' novel ''The Death of Napoleon'', which stars Creator/IanHolm as UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte.

The film is based around the premise that Napoleon escaped from his second imprisonment at St. Helena, but that he failed to meet up with the contact man who would have taken him to Paris to start another revolution, that man having died. Thus Napoleon is forced to walk to Paris as a common beggar, falling in with a woman who sells melons on the street. Meanwhile the lowly Private chosen to serve as his body double takes a liking to the life of an emperor, even an exiled one, and refuses to admit that he is not Napoleon. Lacking any way to prove he is who he says he is, the real Napoleon lives a humble life, eventually growing to embrace it and falling in love with the woman who helps him.

As you can see, this should definitely not be confused with the [[Literature/TheEmperorsNewClothes Hans Christian Andersen story]].

!!Has Examples Of:

* BodyDouble: Who refuses to admit he's a fake and ends up dying on the same day history records Napoleon as having died.
* ForegoneConclusion: We know that, historically, Napoleon died in exile without ever escaping. The beginning of the film even underscores this. So we know from the start that the protagonist will never manage to start his new revolution, or even be accepted as the real Napoleon.
* NoMereWindmill: The protagonist is the real Napoleon, but gets mistaken for one of the many lunatics [[NapoleonDelusion believing themselves to be Napoleon]].
* PrinceAndPauper: The emperor and his BodyDouble switch places for an extended time.
* RagsToRiches: While Napoleon is trying to rebuild his conspiracy, he also has a civilian life to live.
* SurroundedByIdiots: Poor Emperor.
* WindmillPolitical: The entire premise of the plot is that Napoleon and his followers have an incorrect-bordering-on-delusional belief that the people love their former emperor and would gladly rise up to put him back on the throne. Justified in that the ''first'' time Napoleon escaped from exile, that's pretty much exactly what did happen.