''Battleship Potemkin'' (Rus., ''Броненосец « Потёмкин », Bronyenosyets "Potyomkin"'') is a 1925 Soviet silent film, perhaps the most famous one directed by Creator/SergeiEisenstein, who also directed ''Film/AlexanderNevsky'' and ''Film/IvanTheTerrible''. It was also his experiment to test the emotional power of {{montage}}s.

In essence, it is a propaganda film that dramatizes the 1905 mutiny on the eponymous ship. Our brave heroes, tired of eating rotten meat, revolt against their superiors. The people of Odessa join them in launching a peaceful protest, which quickly turns violent.

Its best known sequence is one where a baby carriage rolls down the Odessa steps. It has been homaged and parodied numerous times since then.

Although most of the events in the movie are BasedOnAGreatBigLie, the film itself is considered a masterpiece of direction and cinematography, and is often ranked among the greatest films of all time. The "OdessaSteps" sequence has become one of the most famous [[StockShoutOut Stock Shout Outs]] of all time.

It is in the public domain in many places; you can watch it [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7TgWoSHUn8c here]].
!!This film provides examples of:
* BabyCarriage: The most famous use of one in cinema, and thus the TropeMaker. (Not the UrExample, though, as a baby carriage is used for comedy in slapstick film ''Film/TheCurtainPole'' in 1909.)
* BasedOnAGreatBigLie:
** That massacre? Never happened. It was just made up so that the revolution would look more justified, though it still might have had some basis in facts—there were reports of demostrations being put down by troops on that day, so while the massacre as shown in the film most probably indeed never happened, this scene might be an exaggeration of some real event. [[note]]The actual "massacre?" The Guards fired warning shots over the heads of the crowd in front of them... and hit a few people BEHIND the crowd in front of them. However, the Czarist troops did later prevent people from leaving the port after several buildings caught fire, indirectly leading to dozens of deaths. The Black Sea Mutiny was complicated. A more straightforward example would be when the Potemkin fired on Odessa. In the movie, they destroy the Czarist headquarters, in reality someone in fire control disagreed with the mutiny and gave them the wrong coordinates causing them to level a few blocks of tenements full of innocent people instead.[[/note]]
** The scene where some of the rebellious sailors are rounded up to be shot and a tarp is pulled over them did happen--but there was no tarp. Interestingly, one of the sailors who was in that group saw the film and, in praising it, said "I was under that tarp!" (even though there never was one). Chalk it up to the hypnotic effect of this film.
* BlatantLies: Smirnov, the ship's doctor, who inspects a hunk of meat full of crawling maggots and proclaims the maggots "dead fly larvae."
* DastardlyWhiplash: The officers of the Potemkin. The XO is literally twirling his mustache as he orders the sailors put under the tarp for execution.
* DisproportionateRetribution: Almost the entire crew was about to get executed for not liking the soup the ship served (or the meat being full of maggots). Or "killed for a plate of soup", as the rallying cry later in the film put it. The discipline on Imperial Navy ships was notoriously strict, and the ship's XO Ippolit Giliarovsky was well known as a [[TheNeidermeyer Neidermeyer]]. The complaining crew would've most probably be court-martialed for insubordination at the very least. Ironically, the Red Navy carried on most of the old Czarist discipline methods.
* EasyEvangelism: The protagonists manage to instantly turn legions of people to their side as soon as they begin to speak.
* EpicMovie: Despite being only 75 minutes long, it IS.
* EternalEngine: The ship's powerplant.
* EyeScream: That screaming woman with broken glasses and blood running down her face. There's an eye, a scream and an eye scream altogether.
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade
** HistoricalHeroUpgrade as well: The sailor shown in the movie as the mutiny leader in fact wasn't - he was just some dude who got caught in the fighting and was killed. The real leader of the mutiny went to Romania (and further to Europe) with the ship, finally settling in Dublin and opening a fish-and-chips shop.
* InfantImmortality: Averted. If you've seen the movie, you know the scene.
* KickTheDog: All of the tsarist massacre, but especially shooting an unarmed mother holding her dead son.
* TheManIsStickingItToTheMan: It's a government propaganda film which [[DisobeyThisMessage tells you to overthrow the government]]. Years later, the Soviet government banned the film when they realized that message might apply to, you know, them.
* {{Montages}}: Made Eisenstein famous. The most distinctive one in this film shows three shots of three stone lions that pop up consecutively, making a stone lion appear to rise up.
* MookFaceTurn: The mutineers manage to convince the government's battleships not only to not fire on them, but to join them in escaping Russia.
* TheMutiny: The sailors of the Potemkin rise up and take their ship.
* TheNeidermeyer: Ship's XO, Lieutenant Ippolit Giliarovsky, and particularly cocky and bullyish one. One of the aspects in this film where film corresponds well to reality.
* NoEnding: Eisenstein doesn't tell us what eventually happened to the ship; it simply sails through the other ships of the Black Sea fleet as the sailors on those ships cheer. In RealLife the mutineers sailed to Romania and handed the ship over to the Romanian government.
* ObviouslyEvil: One of the characters even twirls his mustache.
* OdessaSteps: The original.
* PopculturalOsmosis: The baby carriage scene.
* RepeatCut: The UrExample and TropeMaker. Used several times, as when the sailors are being huddled up on the deck for execution, or when the mother on the Odessa steps reacts to being shot.
* TheRevolutionWillNotBeVilified: Duh.
* SinisterMinister: That Moses-looking guy on the ship is an exaggerated version of an [[UsefulNotes/OrthodoxChristianity Russian Orthodox]] priest and is meant to show how religion is used to support the status quo and reinforce authority. While the film didn't focus on it, an obligatory anti-religion comment would be unavoidable.
* SplashOfColor: The ''Potemkin'' flew a red flag that was colored in frame by frame.
* VehicleTitle: It's a boat!
* WorldHalfFull: The film ends far more optimistically than its RealLife counterpart.