Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan is the second movie in the Star Trek film series, released in 1982.William Shatner and Ricardo MontalbŠn fight to see who is the Largest Ham in the galaxy.You see, the charismatic Khan Noonien Singh of the original series episode "Space Seed" is back, fifteen years later. Khan escapes his exile with revenge against Kirk as his goal and using a stolen Weapon of Mass Destruction to make good on it. Meanwhile, Kirk has fallen victim to The Peter Principle and is facing a mid-life crisis. It doesn't get any easier for him when a Hot Scientist he once knew turns up and her son says Admiral You Are My Father. Kirk doesn't like to lose, but this time he may only be able to achieve a Pyrrhic Victory. The film's Bittersweet Ending was created with the assumption that Nimoy would be leaving the show for good, but ironically, he liked making this film so much that he wanted to come back, and the next film revolved around mashing the Reset Button.Star Trek II is considered by many fans to be the best movie in the series, and it's the yardstick against which all other installments are measured. This is largely attributed to the direction of Nicholas Meyer, who had previously penned the best-selling Sherlock Holmes novel The Seven Percent Solution and directed the film Time After Time, as well as the work of Harve Bennet. While Meyer hadn't actually seen the show before, he managed to watch all of the original series's episodes before sitting down to work, concluding that the premise was essentially "Horatio HornblowerIN SPACE!," and did a Re Tool to emphasize the Space Is an Ocean angle. Some of Harve's work included getting rid of the ridiculous Space Clothes used in the previous movie (which took guts considering the small budget; to their credit, they still found a way to get extra mileage out of a lot of those pieces).Outside the world of Star Trek, Wrath Of Khan is notable for containing two big breaks. Kirstie Alley made her acting debut in this film playing the young Vulcan Saavik, even getting the onscreen credit "and introducing Kirstie Alley". This was also the first major motion picture to be scored by James Horner, who would go on to do The Land Before Time, The Rocketeer, Braveheart, Titanic, and Avatar. As Nicholas Meyer once put it, they hired James Horner to do Star Trek II because they couldn't afford Jerry Goldsmith, but by the time Meyer returned for Star Trek VI they hired Cliff Eidelman because they couldn't afford James Horner. (Horner would succeed Goldsmith on another sci-fi franchise, modifying one of his cues from this movie to great effect.)While not flawless, it is a rousing (and emotional) adventure movie and is even now considered one of the best examples of a Surprisingly Improved Sequel.No relation to the aborted Star Trek Phase II TV series, whose pilot became Star Trek: The Motion Picture.
That's literally the billing in the opening credits, after all the other main cast is listed, "And Starring Ricardo Montalban as Khan". This might be the only film using that specific credit (most of the examples on the Trope page are billed simply "And") making this film the Trope Namer.
Artistic License - Music: During Spock's funeral, Scotty plays Amazing Grace on the bagpipes. It is very obvious (especially if you are an actual piper) that James Doohan isn't actually playing them, but merely holding them and twiddling his fingers. Not that it breaks the drama in any way.
Aww, Look! They Really Do Love Each Other: When he mentions his "Beloved Wife", he is referring to Marla McGivers, a historian on the old Enterprise. Anyone who watched "Space Seed" would see that he was only charming her to get her to help him take over the ship. Here, however, his revenge is motivated by her death at the hands of the Ceti Alpha eels.
Awesomeness by Analysis: Saavik in the Kobayashi Maru scenario, but only in the novelization. She takes on a dozen Klingon fighters and might have actually won by running away, if it hadn't been for the last three. (She gets her ass handed to her far more quickly in the movie.)
Khan: I've done far worse than kill you. I've hurt you, and I mean to go on hurting you. I shall leave you as you left me, as you left her: marooned for all eternity in the center of a dead planet. Buried alive. Buried alive...
Followed shortly by:
Kirk: "I don't believe in the no-win scenario."
And later on, after showing Khan he survived his attempt to maroon the Enterprise crew:
Kirk: We tried it once your way, Khan. Are you game for a rematch? (beat) Khan, I'm laughing at the "superior intellect".
Previously failed spectacularly when Kirk tried to goad Khan into beaming down to Regula to dispose of him personally.
Except that wasn't the gambit Kirk was playing - it was the one he wanted Khan to think he was playing. Yes, Kirk's adrenaline was up due to the failed assassination attempt, but he knew there was no way Khan would beam himself down at that point, because it wouldn't be to Khan's advantage. Kirk counted on Khan continuing his pursuit of the Enterprise, knowing that Khan would be certain he'd be able to come back to deal with Kirk in his own way at his leisure since, as far as Khan knew, Kirk had no way to get off of Regula.
Billions of Buttons: After Enterprise has remotely ordered Reliant to lower her shields, Khan's Oh Crap moment is punctuated by a rapidly panning POV shot of a bank of buttons of switches as he desperately tries to find the override before Enterprise can open fire.note Per the subtitle commentary track in the Director's Cut, Khan won't find it; he's staring at the Helmsman's station. This highlights the fact that while Khan might be smarter than Kirk, Kirk has much more experience.
Birth-Death Juxtaposition: "And yet it should be noted, that in the midst of our sorrow, this death takes place in the shadow of new life, the sunrise of a new world, a world that our beloved comrade gave his life to protect."
Also near the end of the Nebula Battle: Khan's aide Joachim dies aboard the USS Reliant, juxtaposed with Chekov rejoining the bridge crew on the USS Enterprise.
Breakout Villain: Before this film, Khan was just a Villain of the Week for the show. Ever since this film, he's been arguably the most memorable and highly regarded individual villain in the entire franchise.
Broad Strokes: The Enterprise crew's new uniforms, which are radically different from the previous film with no explanation given, but much preferred by fans.
Broken Aesop: The movie makes a big deal of the fact that Kirk thinking he could solve everything was the reason for Spock's death...except that Spock wouldn't be alive to teach him that lesson if Kirk hadn't been so confident in his ability to solve things in the past.
Bus Crash: The actress who played Marla McGivers, Khan's lover from "Space Seed", was not able to appear in the film, so she was killed offscreen by the Ceti Eels to explain her absence.
But for Me, It Was Tuesday: The rare variant from the villain's point of view. Part of the reason Khan is so pissed at Kirk is because when he was exiled Kirk promised to return and check on the colony's progress someday, but never did and forgot all about him.
Kirk and Spock's exchange before he assumes command of the Enterprise contrasts the previous movie. Kirk used the emergency as an excuse to oust Decker and they spent most of the movie at each other's throats. This time, Kirk is reluctant to take command but Spock (now the Captain) insists.
Captain Obvious: When the Enterprise is trying to contact Regula One, Spock has this insightful comment, "There are two possibilities. They are unable to respond. They are unwilling to respond."
Cat Scare: More like Rat Scare, but that's being picky.
Character Aged with the Actor: Takes place 16 years after the last episode of the original series, and was made 13 years after said episode was made. Kirk's advancing age is a major theme of the film.
Kirk: There's a man out there I haven't seen in 15 years who's trying to kill me. You show me a son that'd be happy to help. My son! My life that could have been... and wasn't. How do I feel? Old. Worn out.
Characterization Marches On: Spock, promoted to Captain and assigned as training instructor for a crew of cadets, has become more easygoing and patient than he was on the original series.
The Chessmaster: Khan is remarkably intelligent and this is stated (and shown) many times throughout the film. His main flaw (besides Pride) is that he's not very good at thinking outside the box, which happens to be Kirk's specialty.
Comic Book Adaptation: Due to the comic book rights being in limbo at the time (Marvel Comics had cancelled its version a year earlier, and DC Comics wouldn't launch its comic for nearly a year), this was the only original-crew film not to get a contemporary comic book adaptation. Fans had to wait nearly 30 years before IDW Publishing filled the void.
Cool Starship: The Miranda-class U.S.S. Reliant and of course the original Lady E.
Damage Control: The Enterprise is taken by surprise in the initial attack, but Kirk and Spock are able to turn the tables and deal some swift damage to Reliant. Both ships are forced to withdraw and effect repairs before they can fight again. In the final battle, both ships are again crippled, and it is only a Heroic Sacrifice by Mr. Spock that allows them to survive.
Deconstruction: The subtitle of this movie could just have easily been The Deconstruction Of Kirk. Most of the core traits associated with Kirk and their probable consequences in Real Life are pulled apart and examined. The adventurer who faces a problem on a weekly basis, solves it and promptly forgets it ever happened is suddenly brought face to face with one of those problems from a decade and a half before, and discovers the consequences of his thoughtlessness can be measured by the body count. The suave lady-killer with a girl in every port discovers that one of his conquests (and it's implied that it's the only one he ever truly loved) has resulted in a son he's never known and who hates him. His tendency to play fast and loose with the rules leads to his ship being crippled and a score of dead cadets, all of which could and should have been avoided by simply raising the shields, and his trait of finding novel solutions to intractable problems ends the life of his best friend and trusted right hand. It also shows what happens when you take the dashing, devil-may-care heroic adventurer, let him get old and put him in a desk job: a full-blown mid-life crisis.
Bones: Dammit, Jim. Other men have birthdays. Why are we treating yours like a funeral?
Disappeared Dad: Kirk knew about David, but kept his distance because of Carol's wishes.
Kirk: Why didn't you tell him?
Carol: How can you ask me that? Were we together? Were we going to be? You had your world and I had mine. I wanted him in mine... not chasing through the universe with his father.
Does This Remind You of Anything??: The barren moon featured in the Genesis demonstration tape bears a distinct resemblance to Star Wars' Death Star; especially since it is mostly in shadow and what is most visible is a big crater that looks for all the world like the Empire's planet-killer laser dish. (Probably a Shout-Out as well, since ILM did the effects for this film as well.)
And after the simulated Genesis run it gets replaced with an awfully familiar Blue Marble.
Emotional Torque: You're not going to find many films that attempt what this film does with a popular franchise and still be regarded as a masterpiece. People say that Nicholas Meyer giving Kirk reading glasses savedStar Trek. Why? Because it works so well.
Fridge Brilliance: The reason Khan is that much older than the rest of the Augments is simple. He, being the leader, probably was thawed out a couple of times more often than the rest of his crew. When he was out of the freezer, he would have aged normally.
Khan: I deprive your ship of power, and when I swing around I will deprive you of your life! But first I wanted you to know who it was who had beaten you.
Although he did actually want to see if he could threaten them into giving him the Genesis information first - whether he intended to use it as a weapon or as a way to create a new planet for himself and his followers is not certain.
Lampshaded by Joachim, who advises both shooting Kirk straight away when their shields were down, as well as retreating once they have Genesis and the Reliant had suffered damaged. Naturally, Khan ignores him both times.
Faking the Dead: Spock supposedly dies at the beginning of the film. This scene was concocted hastily by Nick Meyer after hearing that spoilers had leaked about Spock dying in the film. To preserve the wham factor of Spock dying, the Kobayashi Maru and its disastrous aftermath was added to fool viewers into thinking that this was the "Spock dies" moment the spoilers meant.
False Flag Operation: Khan and his crew using the hijacked USS Reliant to sneak up on the unsuspecting USS Enterprise.
Famous, Famous, Fictional: "Newton, Einstein, Surak."Who? Surak is the Vulcan philosopher who convinced them to abandon their Proud Warrior Race tendencies—and bloody, catastrophic wars—and turn to dispassionate logic instead. Those who wanted to keep the old ways became the Romulans.
Kirk's hubris; his unshakable belief in his own ingenuity and command instincts. Therefore he's taken off guard by something that even raw cadet Saavik saw coming. And he arrogantly believes there's no such thing as a situation that he can't win. As his character develops throughout the film, he learns just how misguided he's been.
"I've done far worse than kill you. I've hurt you. And I wish to go on hurting you. I shall leave you, as you left me... as you left her. Marooned for all eternity in the center of a dead planet... Buried alive... buried alive..."
Actually more of a slow death, the planet being dead and death by starvation imminent.
What Kirk suffers when Khan's last gambit with the Genesis Device forces Spock to sacrifice himself to save the ship. "I've hurt you" indeed.
Fix Fic: A classic Star Trek example, fixing an apparent continuity glitch — in the film, Khan and Chekov recognize each other upon meeting. However, "Space Seed", the episode of Star Trek: The Original Series in which Khan appears, is a first season episode, and Chekov did not join the cast of the show until the second season. The semi-official retcon (not explained in any of the shows or movies, but widely propagated by producers and actors in convention appearances) is that Chekov was on the Enterprise at that time, he just wasn't part of the bridge crew yet and thus didn't appear on screen. A very funny fanfic distributed in print ('zines, photocopies, etc.) not long after the movie came out expands on that, envisioning Khan and Chekov bumping into each other in the bathroom. Sillier versions have Khan vowing revenge on Chekov for making him wait for the cubicle.
The Glasses Come Off: Right before the Enterprise takes out the Reliant's shields. Kirk also tells Khan "I see your point" as he does it.
Ham-to-Ham Combat: Pretty damn literal example. And it's delicious. William Shatner and Ricardo Montalban gloriously ham their way through the whole movie, taking big bites out of every piece of scenery they can along the way.
Haunted House: The Regula space station after Khan has paid it a visit.
Spock won't be coming home from this one. There are several examples of Heroic Sacrifice in Star Trek, but this one is by far taken the most seriously and played the most straight. Even Family Guy takes this one seriously. That should tell you just how highly it's regarded.
And again, Midshipman Preston:
Scotty: He stayed at his post... when the trainees ran...
While under Khan's Mind Control, Captain Terrell is ordered to kill Admiral Kirk. Realizing he can't resist the order, he kills himself with his own phaser to save Kirk's life.
He's Back: When Kirk appears on the Enterprise again after Khan attempts to maroon him on Regula.
Kirk: We tried it once your way, Khan. Are you game for a rematch?
Hide And No Seek: Lampshaded when Carol Marcus wants to have a private talk with Kirk without her David or the others listening in.
Carol: David, why don't you show Dr McCoy and the Lieutenant our idea of food? ... David: This is just to give us something to do, isn't it? Come on.
Made especially funny because the wounded Chekov is laying in the background with eyes open and stays there through their conversation. A silent And Zoidberg?
Hollywood Hacking: Actually handled fairly realistically. Khan wants Kirk to hand over all data regarding the Genesis Project, so he opens a network connection between Reliant and Enterprise. Kirk and Spock take advantage of this to execute malicious code on Reliant's computer. It's even lampshaded that it will only work if the supergenius who stole a starship didn't think to change the password on the computer.
Saavik, by Vulcan standards is prone to some quite emotional outbursts. She swears mildly and mutters under her breath about being in over their heads during the Kobayashi Maru sim, is visibly frustrated at her failure after it, is quite bemused at human behaviour in general and shows obvious, if subdued, grief at Spock's death
"I'm laughing at the 'superior intellect'." This was to infuriate Khan into making a mistake. It works.
"...But like a poor marksman you keep missing the target!" Subverted in this case when Khan refuses to rise to the bait and decides to leave Kirk on the planetoid to rot. Khan might have taken the bait had Ricard Montalban's schedule allowed him to share production time with the rest of the cast. This is why Khan and his crew never interact with Kirk and his.
Jerkass Has a Point: It seems that Khan originally believed that Kirk had tricked him by leaving him on Ceti Alpha V and knew that it was doomed. However, Chekov inadvertently reveals that they honestly had no idea that Ceti Alpha VI exploded, meaning that for over 15 years, Kirk or Starfleet had never once bothered to check on their progress! Now they've finally returned, but they still didn't bother to check on Khan's people and only were there for Ceti Alpha VI! Khan actually has quite a legitimate reason to be pissed!
On the other hand, if a catastrophe hadn't happened, Khan would surely have complained about a Federation ship coming to spy on his people. The whole point of leaving him there was to give them a chance to build a world all on their own, without interference.
On the other other hand, the fact that nobody in the Federation noticed this catastrophe and its obvious consequences is disgraceful incompetence.
On the other other other hand, Ceti Alpha was in a pretty out-of-the way part of the Federation. Space is big, after all.
On another hand altogether, the alternate timeline events of Star Trek: Into Darkness show that there are some pretty unsavory people in the Federation (in and out of Starfleet) who would be tempted by the knowledge that a race of genetic supermen were just sitting there on Ceti Alpha V, ready to be picked up and recruited for use as an elite strike force should the need arise. Not to mention the possibility that the information could be sold to the Klingons, Orions, Romulans, etc., etc., etc. It's possible that Kirk and his immediate superiors were Genre Savvy enough to wipe out the records of the first encounter with Khan, including where he was marooned.
Just Think of the Potential: The idiotically idealistic science team see Genesis simply as "instant terraforming, just add water", and consider it to be the ultimate salvation to problems of overpopulation and food supply. Plenty of other people see an entirely different potential... one that doesn't even have the nasty side effects of other superweapons as it leaves verdant worlds behind in its wake. David seems aware of the Genesis Device's potential less-than-altruistic uses.
Kill 'em All: In the opening Kobayashi Maru sequence, the TOS crew dies, except for Kirk, who is absent and unmentioned. Then a door opens, Kirk walks out of a cloud of light and smoke, everybody picks themselves up, and the viewers realize they've been had.
Lock and Load Montage - Commentary from the DVD's special features lampshade that much of this, particularly crewmen manually preparing the torpedo tubes and hand-loading them, made absolutely no sense at all, but it looked awesome.
Luke, You Are My Father: Doesn't actually occur on screen, so the viewer is left unsure as to when David finds out who his father is. When David and Kirk first meet the former is extremely hostile to the latter, even going so far as to accuse Kirk of killing everyone at Regula. At the end of the movie, David and Kirk reconcile and he says he's proud to be Kirk's son. It's possible David knew all along and just refused to acknowledge it. The dialog makes it fairly clear that Kirk knows he's the father, but has obviously also never met David face to face before this film.
Magic Countdown: Khan's "sixty seconds" (although he's purposefully delaying because he perceives that Kirk is complying and believes that he really is about to get the Genesis info turned over to him, along with Kirk continually begging more time on the grounds that battle damage has slowed the computer down) and Kirk's "We need warp speed in 3 minutes or we're all dead."
Moral Myopia: Yeah, Khan, get really upset that Kirk hurt your crew on accident and forget that you hurt his crew on purpose, right after they'd finished saving your hide.
Mutual Disadvantage: Going into the Mutara Nebula means that both ships will be blind as Tiberian bats and without shields; the fact that Reliant is less damaged becomes practically negligible.
Spock: The odds will be even.
My Friends... and Zoidberg: A minor case when Kirk is about to beam to Regula I and Spock tells him to be careful, McCoy replies "We will."
Mythology Gag: As noted above, how Kirk dealt with growing older was a major subplot of the movie. In the Kobayashi Maru test at the beginning, the simulated Enterprise was heading to the Gamma Hydra system; the TOS episode "The Deadly Years" (in which the Enterprise crew had to deal with rapid aging) took place there.
Neck Lift: Khan does this to Chekov to show how badass he is, but he's really lifting him by a handle on the front of his spacesuit, not his neck.
Never Give the Captain a Straight Answer: McCoy not telling Captain Kirk that Spock was dying from radiation poisoning. Justified in that he didn't want to rattle the whole crew in the middle of a life-or-death situation.
No-Holds-Barred Beatdown: Wrath of Khan is often praised for its fast-moving, intense space battles. This is unusual for Star Trek because all of the ship-to-ship combat in this movie is done without shields — Kirk couldn't get the Enterprise's shields up in time when Khan first attacked, and then hacked the Reliant's computer to lower shields before retaliating; during the climax, conditions in the Mutara Nebula disabled the shields of both ships. Conversely, Star Trek: Insurrection and Star Trek: Nemesis were criticized for having boring space battles, since they follow the normal style of Trek combat where ships gradually chip away at each other's shields before doing damage.
Not So Stoic: Saavik sheds a few tears during Spock's funeral.
Saavik gets visibly flustered and prickly when Kirk critiques her Kobayashi Maru test (and utters a "Damn!" during the test - highly uncharacteristic of Vulcans, as Spock lampshades in laterfilms). Lampshaded in a deleted scene when Kirk mentions to Spock privately that she's quite emotional, and Spock points out that she's half Romulan.
Fridge Brilliance: Which like saying a South Korean is part North Korean, meaningless unless culture is genetic.
Maybe not so meaningless. If she had one Vulcan parent and one Romulan parent, then presumably she would have been taught the philosophical ideals of both races, thus making her culturally half-Vulcan and half-Romulan.
According to the novelization, Saavik was one of many half-Vulcan/half-Romulan children left to fend for themselves on a Crapsack World when the Romulan colony there was abandoned. She was never even exposed to Vulcan culture until adolescence, when Vulcans came to the planet and rescued her and her fellow half-breeds; therefore, she doesn't yet have the emotional mastery one would expect from a person who was raised with Surak's teachings from birth.
Spock is clearly distraught when an anguished Scotty carries his badly burned, dying nephew to the bridge.
Nothing Is Scarier: As mentioned above, the Battle in the Nebula at the end is not what you'd expect from two warships duking it out. It's slow, quiet, tense and very effective.
Only Sane Man: Joachim seems to be the only one on Khan's crew rational enough to realize (and actually voice the opinion) that revenge against Kirk is silly, but unfortunately for him, Khan's too bent on his revenge.
The character of Joachim, recast and slightly renamed, from his appearance in the original "Space Seed". Note According to one novelisation, it's actually the original's son.
Lieutenant Saavik was played by Kirstie Alley in this movie and by Robin Curtis in the following two movies.
Out-Gambitted: Khan thinks he's trapped Kirk on that planet, but Kirk used a coded message before to ensure his escape. Kirk takes that extra step to convince Khan of the hoplessness of Kirk's situation as well.
Parody Commercial: Bones sarcastically enacts one in describing Genesis to Spock's exasperation.
Plot Archaeology: Khan has become such an iconic Star Trek villain that it's easy to forget that he was originally a one-episode character from the first season of the original series.
Poor Communication Kills: The "needs of the many..." speech is really beautiful and all, but had Spock instead said, "Captain, I put my katra in Doctor McCoy. Ask my father about it. I'll be fine.", a lot of conflict in the next movie could have been avoided.note The reason that they didn't is that the katra sequence was actually written and shot slightly later than the rest of the death sequence, to give a sequel hook to a potential Star Trek III should TWOK actually prove successful enough for Paramount to demand one (everyone thought that TWOK would be the last of the Star Trek films, and this, not any rumored loathing of the character was why Leonard Nimoy was so interested in Spock's death — hoping to close the book on Trek by giving an emotional death scene to Spock.)
Spock had no idea that he would be fine. That his fatally irradiated body would be regenerated by the Genesis effect is something he could not have known. The transference of the katra is implied to be part of a Vulcan funereal ritual, since even the Vulcan priestess says that rejoining the katra to a body is something that has only been done in legend.
Power Of Hate: Khan's rage and hatred give him the strength to launch one final Taking You with Me attack on Kirk and the Enterprise. As well as providing inspiration for some great last words (quoted from Moby-Dick).
Precision F-Strike: A behind-the-scenes example. Shortly after the first film was released, Harve Bennett was brought before a group of Paramount executives. Jeffrey Katzenberg and Michael Eisner asked if he could make a better movie. Harve replied he could, and then Charles Bluhdorn replied "Can you make it for less than 45-fucking-million dollars?" Harve replied, "Where I come from, I could make five movies for that."
Public Secret Message: Spock tells Kirk on an open channel, "Admiral, if we go by the book, hours could seem like days". To anyone else, this might sound like a case of Lawful Stupid, but Kirk, who'd been discussing regulations about coded messages with Spock earlier, knows that this means to decode the next message, replace the word "days" with "hours". In Real Life, this counts as Roddenberry's second attempt to reconnect with his long lost World War II buddy, Kim Noonien Singh.
Khan meets Chekov and says he knows him because "I never forget a face." Which means that Chekov was on ship during "Space Seed," a first-season episode, despite the character not appearing on screen until the second season. Numerous explanations have been thrown about (he was on the ship, just not as bridge crew; Chekov was the officer in charge of delivering the supplies and food to Ceti Alpha V; an obvious joke about Chekov occupying a latrine Khan wanted to use), but ultimately it comes down to this trope.
Another example is Doctor Carol Marcus, Kirk's old flame. They even a had a son together. McCoy's aware of her too (presumably from back in the day). And yet we're only hearing about her now, after all these years.
A popular fan theory is that the "little blonde lab technician" mentioned in the second pilot episode of the series that Kirk "almost married" is Carol Marcus.
Revenge Before Reason: Khan has this pointed out by his underlings, twice no less. They have a Federation starship, they can go anywhere. Then they have Genesis and a Federation starship, so they can go anywhere and have a planet-killing bomb as insurance. Khan refuses to listen to this both times and proceeds with his plan of revenge.
There's a reason Khan owns a copy of Moby-Dick and is quoting Ahab as he dies.
Khan: He tasks me. He tasks me, and I shall have him. I'll chase him round the Moons of Nibia and round the Antares Maelstrom and round Perdition's flames before I give him up.
Revenge Myopia: Lampshaded. After Khan explains his beef with Kirk, Chekov says, "Captain Kirk was your host. You repaid his hospitality by trying to steal his ship and murder him!" Khan ignores the point.
Rule of Cool: The primary reason for the Lock and Load Montage: There really isn't any reason why a 23rd century starship should require a dozen crewmembers performing manual labor to load a torpedo, but damn if it isn't awesome to watch. It's possible that the automated loading system was damaged in their first encounter with Khan so they had to resort to the human backup system, but this isn't stated in the film.
Scenery Porn: The cave underneath Ceti Alpha V, and also the clouds of the Mutara Nebula.
Sealed Evil in a Can: Khan Noonien Singh and his cryogenically frozen followers, when they're abandoned on Ceti Alpha V (which the crew of the Reliant mistake for Ceti Alpha VI after a natural disaster alters its orbit and destroys its environment).
Separated-at-Birth Casting: Actor Merrit Butrick who played Carol Marcus' and Jim Kirk's love-child, David really does kind of resemble a young William Shatner at times.
Sequel Hook: So last minute, it wasn't even reflected in the novelization of the movie: Spock does not mind-meld with McCoy, and his will specifically states he is not to be taken to Vulcan. the novelization of Search For Spock simply retcons in the former while attempting to justify the latter by saying Spock felt he was incompatible with the ritual.
Series Continuity Error: The most famous of which is Khan recognizing Chekov, even though the character wasn't in "Space Seed".
Koenig was joking, of course, but it's entirely possible that Chekov was a junior officer on the Enterprise at the time of "Space Seed", and only later got promoted to the bridge crew (and thus became an on-screen character). This is explicitly the case in the novelization: it describes Chekov having an encounter with Khan while still a junior officer assigned to the overnight watch on the bridge.
The second season episode "Catspaw" features Chekov not at his usual navigator station but filling in at Spock's science station while Spock is off the ship. The stardates given in the episode (3018.2) place it before "Space Seed," (3141.9) providing on-screen evidence that Chekov was on the ship before Khan, but not yet assigned to the navigator post that would make him a regular fixture on the bridge.
Shoot the Shaggy Dog: The whole point of "Space Seed" was that Kirk was giving the Augments a second chance to redeem themselves, allowing them to start their own colony on an uninhabited planet, with the intention to come back and see what kind of civilisation would eventually develop from this "seed". Here we learn that in over fifteen years, neither Kirk nor any other Federation starship came back to check on them. If they had, they would have noticed that the colony was destroyed by a natural disaster a mere six months later. No wonder Khan is so incredibly bitter.
Multiple direct references to Moby-Dick and A Tale of Two Cities, the two books which represent Khan (irrationally obsessed with revenge) and Kirk (coming to terms with his own mortality).
The concentric tubes of the Genesis control panel resemble the ones that Ripley uses to activate the self-destruct sequence in Alien.
Shown Their Work: According to this short documentary, the ILM team that put together the Genesis proposal scenes used the stars as seen from Epsilon Indi (a nearby K-class dwarf) as the background. The Sun is visible toward the end below the Genesis planet as an extra star in the Big Dipper.
Skyward Scream: A sort of Beam Me Up, Scotty!, parodies always turn Kirk's "KHAAAAAANNNN!" into this. In the film itself it shows a level view of Kirk screaming into the communicator and then cuts to a shot of the planetoid's barren, cratered surface.
Smart People Play Chess: A chess set is one of the few creature comforts Khan and his followers had on Ceti Alpha V.
Which becomes a plot point later on. Khan may be The Chessmaster, but in the 23th century, they play three-dimensional chess.
Space Clothes: Semi-averted. The badass maroon jacket and department-colored turtleneck combo is a million steps up from TMP's Starfleet pastel pajamas.
Played straight with Khan and the other augments' wardrobe, as well as the Regula scientists' uniforms.
Khan and his followers' clothes were supposed to look like they had been scavenged from whatever fabrics they could find, which is why their outfits are more Rummage Sale Reject than an actual uniform.
Space Is an Ocean: More pronounced than ever before, as the movie is essentially a naval combat movie IN SPACE!, but comes with a Lampshade Hanging, as well as a famous aversion, where the main characters take advantage of the fact that the villain believes this trope, but they know better.
Spock: His pattern indicates two-dimensional thinking.
There's a very brief hint about this when the Enterprise and Reliant first meet. There's a quick shot of the Reliant approaching the Enterprise and the ship is clearly spinning to have the same orientation...meaning that Khan's 2D space (or at least his sense of "up") was initially different from Kirk's, but Khan didn't take this to its obvious conclusion.
That being said, given the way Reliant's phasers are mounted, matching orientations may have been done to open the best firing arcs. Recall that Khan had been on the Enterprise before and this is how he knew where he needed to shoot for best effect (Spock: "They knew exactly where to hit us.")
The Spock: Naturally. Quite notable here, however, in what Spock's Heroic Sacrifice said about how this archetype should be written. Yes, Virginia, that "cold Vulcan logic" that McCoy is always harping on Spock about applies to his own life as much as anyone else's... and he doesn't hesitate even for a moment when applying it.
Stock Footage: Much of the Scenery Porn of the Enterprise from The Motion Picture was reused to help stretch the budget, specifically several flybys and scenes involving the spacedock.
The original teaser trailer features the STTMP blue 'Enterprise going into warp' effect shot. The warp shots made for STTWOK (and following movies) are more subdued.
The Klingon ships in the Kobayashi Maru simulation were the same ones that attacked V'ger in the first movie. Of all the reused footage, this one makes the most sense. We already saw that Starfleet had recorded footage of the V'ger incident.
Stock Phrase: In the Genesis Cave sequence, right after Kirk asks if there's anything to eat,
McCoy: How can you think of food at a time like this?!
The Stoic: We get a twofer with Spock and Saavik as the Vulcan officers. For bonus points, Spock's experience-tempered calmness contrasts with the younger Saavik's relative Hot Bloodedness, who gets visibly flustered and swears in frustration (if rather deadpanned frustration) during the film's opening scene.
Before that, Khan went into excruciating detail to Terrell and Chekov about what the Ceti eels do to their hosts.
Khan: You see, their young enter through the ears, and wrap themselves around cerebral cortex. This makes the host very susceptible to, uh, suggestion. Later, as they grow, follows madness... and death.
2-D Space: Both used (for filmmaking purposes) and inverted (for story purposes).
Spock: He's intelligent, but inexperienced. His pattern indicates two-dimensional thinking.
Unintentional Period Piece: In the director's commentary, Nicholas Meyer paraphrases Orson Scott Card's claim that all works are a product of their time, when it's pointed out how Khan's followers look like the entourage of a hair metal group.
Unwinnable Training Simulation: The Kobayashi Maru test. Kirk is the only Starfleet cadet ever to have beaten it, and his method was - by his own admission - as unorthodox as it was unauthorised. The extent to which the reboot truly reflects what Kirk Prime did is arguable.