's adaptation of Stanislaw Lem
's 1961 science fiction novel Solaris
. Rather than make a direct adaptation, Tarkovsky turned Lem's science fiction story into a psychological drama. While the novel dealt primarily with the problem of communicating with a fundamentally different life form, the film is more concerned with such themes as life, death, identity, love and humanity. It puts great focus on psychologist Kris Kelvin's relationship with his deceased wife, whom he encounters as a simulacrum created by a mysterious alien intelligence present on the planet Solaris.
This films provides examples of: