Film: E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
He's afraid, he's totally alone and he's 3 million lightyears from home.
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
E.T. phone home!
is perhaps Steven Spielberg
's signature fantasy film. It was the biggest blockbuster of 1982note
and, in fact, The Eighties
as a whole. John Williams
' score, flying bicycles, and an Ugly Cute
alien hero are just the tip of the iceberg here.
A group of aliens are in a forest on Earth, not far from a suburb, exploring and collecting plant samples. They are forced to leave in a hurry when alien-seeking scientists arrive on the scene, and one of them is not on the ship when it takes off...
Down in that suburb live Elliott, his older brother Michael, and his little sister Gertrude
, the products of a broken home with an overworked mom named Mary (the dad is absent). Over the course of a few days, lonely Elliott encounters the stranded alien and lures it to his house with Reese's Pieces, offering it shelter and naming it E.T.
E.T. learns English — if only a few words — through the kids and especially television, and finally is able to tell them what he wants: to "phone home." Elliott helps him rig up a telephone-like device from such things as a Speak-and-Spell to attempt to transmit a message to his planet. But as they wait for a response, E.T. gradually sickens — as does Elliott, because the alien has developed a psychic bond with him. The government scientists catch up with E.T., and soon all seems lost for the poor little guy. It will take The Power of Love
and a daring escape to set things right...
For information on the infamous video game adaptation, go here
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial provides examples of:
- Adult Fear: Mary's is justified since at least in her point of view: her son gets sick, misbehaves in school and goes missing on Halloween. She then ends up seeing a creature, that she never thought would exist and that in her mindset may have done something to harm her child. Just as she was about to get her kids away from the house, a bunch of men in strange suits end up trapping her in her own home. Said men tell her that her son might die.
- Actually Pretty Funny: Mary fails to contain her laughter when reprimanding her son Elliott for calling Michael "penis breath".
- Always with You
- Armies Are Evil: Averted. They're more like obstructive and arguably they have a point.
- Arson, Murder, and Jaywalking: In the van during the Chase Scene.
Michael: I'm gonna crash and we're all gonna die and they'll never give me my license!
- Batman in My Basement
- Behind the Black: During the Hope Spot (below) when a character says that they have lost their pursuers a large group of agent appear from right off camera.
- Big Brother Bully: Michael before his Character Development.
- The Big Damn Kiss: Parodied by Elliott, who is subliminally reenacting The Quiet Man. Interspersed with actual footage (which E.T. is watching on TV) for bonus points.
- Big "NO!"/Please Don't Leave Me: When Michael wakes up and sees the flower that E.T. has revived begin to die again, he shouts out a Big "NO!", which is cued up in synch to Elliott's scream of "E.T., DON'T GOOOO!!!", right before E.T. flatlines.
- Bizarre Alien Biology: Background dialogue from the doctors (see Cast the Expert) indicates that E.T.'s DNA uses six bases instead of four. (This could explain why he got sick: he became malnourished from eating Earth food.)
- Bleep Dammit: When Michael returns home during Elliot and E.T.'s first day together and looks into the fridge, he sings to himself, "Nothin' but health shit..." The "shit" is silenced out in the 20th anniversary version, but every other utterance of the word was left untouched.
- Bowdlerise: For the 2002 special edition, the guns of the cops at the end of the film were digitally replaced by CGI walkie-talkies (Spielberg, now a father himself, felt the shotguns could have been too frightening for his children) and a line spoken by Mary commenting about Michael's Halloween costume had the word "terrorist" changed to "hippie." When the film eventually was released on DVD, the initial run saw both the 2002 release and the original theatrical cut packaged together in one set.
- Some sources say it was Drew Barrymore who asked for the guns to be edited out.
- The change was mocked mercilessly by many, but perhaps most infamously by South Park in the episode "Free Hat" (which showed us what would have happened if this change had also been applied to Saving Private Ryan). After the episode aired, Spielberg himself later admitted that editing E.T. was a mistake and vowed never to do such a thing again.
- "And you know what they're saying into those walkie-talkies? 'Where the hell are our guns? We're trying to stop an alien from escaping!'"
- The Halloween costume has its own problems: it's rather more of a stretch that Mary would have a problem with him dressing as a hippie, and the costume looks even less like a hippie than it did a terrorist.
- The bowdlerizing of the "terrorist" line had been prevalent since the first VHS release. In the first video copies, Mary says "You're not going out like that!"
- Years later Spielberg admitted it was a mistake and restored the shotguns along with the 1982 version in the Blu Ray release.
- A Boy and His X: A boy and his marooned alien botanist.
- But Now I Must Go: "I'll be... right here."
- Chekhov's Gun: E.T. being able to make Elliot's bike fly. note
- Chekhov's Skill: The BMX bikers using their skills to evade the Police in the movie's finale.
- Clap Your Hands If You Believe: Mary is reading the trope naming section of Peter Pan to daughter Gertie at one point, foreshadowing E.T.'s recovery in the climax.
- Also, that seems to be the principle behind the flying bikes, as seen when Elliot and Michael's buddies all take flight on their bikes to evade the feds.
- Coy, Girlish Flirt Pose: Elliot is a deceptively good ladies' man.
- Disappeared Dad: "He's in Mexico with Sally."
- Disney Death: The title character.
- A Dog Named Dog: E.T. is an extraterrestrial.
- Dramatic Alien VTOL: When E.T. finally goes home.
- Dramatic Drop
- The Empath: E.T. and Elliot share a psychic bond. As Michael puts it, "Elliot feels [E.T.]'s feelings."
- Exposed Extraterrestrials
- Everytown, America: While the town Elliot live in is never mentioned, he points to Northern California on a map when showing E.T. where they live.
- The Faceless: With the exception of Elliot's mother, the audience doesn't see the faces of any adults until the final third of the movie, playing up the film's perspective from a child's POV.
- Follow the Leader: A few mostly-forgotten knockoffs such as Nukie and especially Mac and Me, which cranks the Product Placement Up to Eleven. More successfully, this was the likely inspiration for the Sitcom ALF.
- For Halloween, I Am Going as Myself: Not quite; E.T.'s one of the rare examples who can't go as himself. He needs a formless ghost sheet.
- Free the Frogs
- Full Moon Silhouette: The Ur Example.
- Gadgeteer Genius: E.T., surprisingly, considering he's a botanist: He builds a wind-operated emergency beacon, transmitting in his own language, out of common household items (and a Speak and Spell). What's more, his ship hears his transmission and comes back for him!
- Getting Crap Past the Radar: Michael says "son of a bitch" at one point when he's driving the van. It's said so quietly that you have to have the subtitles turned on to catch it the first time around.
- Healing Hands: E.T.'s famous finger.
- Hero of Another Story: Something must have happened to Keys to get him interested in aliens, since he's been waiting for something like E.T. to appear since he was 10.
- Heart Light: E.T. is probably the Trope Codifier
- Hope Spot: After being able to elude the cop cars, one of Michael's friends cheers "We made it!" only for a couple dozen FBI agents to burst back onto the scene.
- Humans Are Morons: Averted. Not only do humans heal him and help send him home but there are many moments in which E.T. seems less intelligent than humans, despite coming from a more advanced race, such as when he becomes fascinated with a can of pencils, only to run screaming when they tip over.
- Innocent Aliens: The title character.
- Innocent Blue Eyes: E.T. has a huge pair of them.
- Invisible to Adults: To keep Gertie from telling their mother about E.T., Elliot claims E.T. is this. She doesn't believe him.
- Kissing Under the Influence
- Meaningful Echo: Because E.T. parrots what others say, there are a good deal of these by the end, such as "I'll be right here."
- Messianic Archetype: E.T., right down to the resurrection and the Michaelangelo touching of fingers between man and the Divine. So blatant was the parable it was spoofed on The Simpsons:
Rev. Lovejoy: I remember another gentle visitor from the heavens, he came in peace and then died, only to come back to life, and his name was... E.T., the Extra-Terrestrial. (cries) I loved that little guy.
- Even more blatant in an episode of Animaniacs, where the Warners are helping Michaelangelo paint the Sistine Chapel. For the centerpiece, they paint E.T. and Elliot in place of God and Adam.
- Spielberg himself has said he never intended the film to be interpreted as a religious fable, and has himself joked about it. Notably, the aforementioned Animaiacs was produced by Spielberg.
- Midair Motion Shot: The famous bike scene.
- Mood Motif
- Needle in a Stack of Needles: E.T. hides himself amongst toys to avoid detection.
- Never Trust a Trailer
- No Name Given / Only Known by Their Nickname: The scientist tracking E.T. begins the film as a nameless, faceless figure distinguished by the bunch of keys hanging from his belt; later in the film, when he becomes a more sympathetic figure, his face is shown, but his name is never revealed. In the end credits he is listed as "Keys".
- E.T. qualifies as well since E.T. is the nickname Elliott gave him. Justified in the fact E.T. knows limited English and we never see him interact with any of his species.
- Oh, Crap: The scientist attempting to scramble back into the moving van, as Elliott pulls out the last peg of an attached walkway.
- "We made it!" *looks back* "Oh shit!"
- One Head Taller: Played for Laughs; Elliott has to climb on top of a fallen classmate to kiss the girl.
- Parental Substitute: Elliott to E.T. Though you could also interpret it as being the other way around.
- Phrase Catcher: "Shut up, Greg!"
- Playing Sick
- Plot Hole: As the MAD parody asked, why couldn't E.T. heal himself with his own finger when he fell ill, or fly to escape the scientists at the beginning?
- Pretty sure one's healing powers can't heal one's own Death by Despair. No good reason for him not flying himself, though.
- Considering that stuff he healed started dying when he did, it doesn't seem to be able to heal anything past his own health. Ergo, he'd just making himself as healthy as himself, and do nothing.
- Product Placement: Perhaps the definitive example of the trope in the just-introduced Reese's Pieces, which saw a successful launch in large part thanks to this film.
- While M&M/Mars kicked themselves for turning down the offer to use M&Ms. Oops.
- Speak and Spell also gained additional admiration thanks to this film.
- Reaction Shot: Reaction shots of the boys' faces when they land their bikes coming down from the sky.
- Reasonable Authority Figure: The police and government agents are the villains of the film, but even then they are very reasonable, never actively trying to harm the children when they find out and even giving Elliott time to grieve after ET dies. This is particularly true of Keys, who gently talks to Elliott to try and figure out what's wrong with E.T., while telling him that E.T.'s presence on Earth is a miracle.
- Repeat Cut: Spielberg uses this effect for repeated shots of Elliott screaming his head off after his first face-to-face encounter with E.T.
- The Rival: The Thing was this to E.T., one of the reasons it didn't get any notice until a decade later, was because many people watching E.T. didn't like the idea of an evil alien.
- Rule of Drama: When they finally lose off the house, the government agents can't simply walk in and announce their presence via megaphone to remain calm as they enter. No, they have to silently come in the doors and stand at the windows holding out their arms menacingly.
- Two to buddy George Lucas' Star Wars franchise: Elliott shows E.T. some of his action figures, and one of the trick-or-treaters is dressed as Yoda. (Notably, E.T. appears to recognize Yoda. Perhaps he's just happy to see someone who isn't freakishly tall and smooth-skinned, but then...) John Williams even sneaks "Yoda's Theme" from The Empire Strikes Back into the score at that moment.
- Also, when the government agents invade Elliot's house, the astronauts get a well known breath.
- Came full circle when members of E.T.'s species appeared in the Galactic Senate in The Phantom Menace.
- And in the Expanded Universe, we have the E.T. Species senator funding an extra-galactic botanical expedition...
- And in Revenge of the Sith, Yoda's departure from Kashyyk looks much like ET's departure from Earth.
- There's also a shout-out to that other Star-thing:
- Shipper on Deck: The reason Elliot reenacted the kiss scene from The Quiet Man, was because E.T. was telepathically influencing him while watching that movie.
- Sistine Steal: One that Animaniacs hilariously brought full circle in one short: The Warner siblings help Michelangelo paint the Sistine Chapel and the result is that Elliott and E.T. are depicted upon it. And the Pope looked just like Spielberg. He liked it too.
- Spheroid Dropship: The alien ship.
- Spin-Off/Expanded Universe: There was a pair of novels published which expanded upon E.T.'s race, who are master botanists and develop their technology from plants.
- Staggered Zoom: Onto Elliott's face as they approach the police barricade, right before E.T. makes all the bicycles fly.
- Starring Special Effects
- Strapped to an Operating Table: Both Elliott and E.T. get laid down on operating tables when they are sick and the house is quarantined. Unfortunately, E.T. doesn't last very long...
- Suspiciously Specific Denial: When Elliott goes to the forest at Halloween and his mother asks where he is. Gert: "Anyways, why would Elliott go to the forest? Why would he do such a thing?"
- Tastes Like Friendship: Reese's Pieces.
- This Is Reality
- Uranus Is Showing:
"Where's he from? Uranus? Get it? Your anus?
He doesn't get it, Ty. Tyler:
"Get it, YOUR? ANUS?"
- The World Is Just Awesome: It's suggested E.T. sees Halloween this way.
- You Can Talk?