Film / Dear White People

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Dear White People is a film by Justin Simien. A satire at times, and a drama during others, the film follows four young black students as they try to find their identity while maneuvering through the complex racial politics of the prestigious Winchester Academy. A housing randomization initiative threatening to gut the Armstrong dorm, currently as a safe haven for racial minorities, causes racial tensions to rise for Sam, Lionel, Coco, and Troy as the Black Student Union tries to fight back, the school paper wants the scoop, and a smooth reality show producer seeks to reap the drama.

A Netflix series based on the film was released April 28th, 2017.


Dear White People contains examples of:

  • Aluminum Christmas Trees:
    • Simien erased the Blackface Party for being too absurd...only to put it back in when he found out racist parties like that were happening in universities all over the country.
    • Before Sam's radio show becomes more aggressive in its stance on race, it does bring up some pretty common complaints that plenty of real-life African Americans have had.
  • Ambiguously Brown: Tessa Thompson's Sam White gets this reaction repeatedly and resents it. Gabe goes so far as to accuse her of playing up a "Tragic Mulatto" front. Sam herself identifies unambiguously as black, and does not once question, deny, or attempt to hide her own blackness. In fact she gets accused of overcompensating due to this.
  • Arson, Murder, and Jaywalking: Among the criticism towards white people that Sam makes on her radio show are touching her hair without asking, dating a black person to piss off your parents and... dancing.
  • Batman Gambit: Sam, in the final act. After overhearing the cancellation of the Blackface party Sam forces the invites out anyway, but that's all, banking on the members of Pastiche and their guests to do the rest.
  • Black and Nerdy: Sam and Lionel show shades of this, but the film implies Lionel's geekiness is yet another reason people ostracize him. Troy deliberately hides this.
  • Black Best Friend: Troy attempts to become this for Kurt, but he's able to see through it.
  • Blackface: The film's climax is oriented around a Blackface-themed party, where students dress up in offensive stereotypes and exhume their wildest racist fantasies. This gets Played for Drama.
  • Black Gal on White Guy Drama: Sam and Gabe. Initially Sam is in denial that they are falling in love, because of her guilt at not dating a black man. She gets over this in a beautiful moment at the end of the film, when she and Gabe hold hands crossing the bridge, taking no notice of the stares from her BSU friends.
  • Black Is Bigger in Bed: Sophia invokes this with Troy, somewhat to his chagrin.
  • But Not Too Black: Coco invokes this for herself when joking that white girls' tans are getting darker than her own skin tone, "which...isn't that dark..."
  • But Not Too White: Sam does not once address her white father until the end of the movie.
  • Camp Gay: All of the gay guys we see except for Lionel. He doesn't identify in their crowd comfortably because of it.
  • Chekhov's Gun: Sam's handheld camera. She is seen using it in the prologue to film a news recording, and again for her film class. She eventually takes it to the blackface party to record the chaos, using the footage to make her final project for the film class and get national coverage on the school's racism.
  • Chekhov's Skill: Programming, or rather the aptitude at which the character can use it. Sam's friend Reggie boasts of his skill at hacking early on during the BSU meeting. Later Sam is called into the Dean of Students office to discuss a problem with the app that took the votes for the election. She won... then kept winning.
  • Chess Motif: Invoked by Kurt, discussing his and Troy's fathers' long-running conflict.
  • Dating Catwoman: He's certainly no villain, but building racial tensions and Sam's very vocal position in them leads her to hide her relationship with Gabe, even antagonizing him in public.
  • Dating What Daddy Hates: Sofia is implied to be dating Troy for this reason. Unintentionally lampshaded by Sam almost immediately after the couple is introduced:
    Sam (on the radio): "Dear white people, dating a black guy to piss off your parents is a form of racism."
  • Everything Is Racist: Explored as part of the film's examination of race relations.
  • Fire-Forged Friends: Lionel and the Black Student Union, after he takes the reigns during Sam's brief departure.
  • Foreshadowing: An early scene has the young gay black man Lionel sitting on the college campus observing two different groups: tough-looking black guys and limp-wristed gay guys, neither of whom he feels he identifies with. It more or less sums up exactly what the movie is about.
  • Freud Was Right: In-Universe. Kurt brings up Pastiche’s motto, metaphorically saying that comedy and criticism should not hold back and hit raw nerves: ‘Sharpen thy sword’. One of the members thinks it’s a euphemism for something else.
  • Friends with Benefits: Sam and Gabe start off this way. Sam is in denial that it is blossoming into romance.
  • Gone Horribly Right: Kurt's Blackface Party invitations backfire after the party is cancelled when Sam forces them out anyway in order to create a confrontation and bring the university's racial issues into the national news.
  • Ghetto Name: Coco's real name is Colandrea.
  • Half-Breed Discrimination: A source of angst for Sam, who is black but has a white father. She is committed to black activism but is in a relationship with Gabe, a white guy.
  • How We Got Here: The film begins with the main characters individually watching reacting to news reports of the riot which breaks out at the Blackface party at the end of the film, complete with a Title Card that reads "Prologue."
  • Hypocritical Humor: President Fletcher's line about racism being over in America; the only people bothered by it being Mexicans.
  • Important Haircut: Sam and Lionel. Lionel finally cuts his hair down, signifying his newfound confidence in approaching the members of the BSU. At the same time Sam lets her down, signifying that she now won't spend the bulk of her time trying to force an outward appearance of "blackness" and instead prioritizes who she is over what everyone sees her for.
  • Ironic Name: Sam White identifies strongly as being black.
  • Ivy League for Everyone: Every character in the film is either working for or attending Winchester Academy at some capacity. The level of ambition most of the characters display makes it pretty clear that Winchester is at the same level of prestige as an Ivy League School.
  • Jive Turkey: Mitch is constantly trying to embody black stereotypes, and looking ridiculous doing it.
  • Karma Houdini: Kurt assaults Lionel in front of witnesses, but isn't expelled or prosecuted (the fact that his father is the university president helps with the latter, but the former is left unexplained).
  • Let's Get Dangerous!: Lionel, during his second time at the Blackface Party.
  • Malcolm Xerox: Sam serves as a female version, though she mellows over the course of the film.
  • Male Gaze: When Coco wears a dress with Absolute Cleavage to a party, the camera lingers. It's also subverted in that when she approaches Kurt at the end of the party, the camera frames the back of his head such that the audience cannot tell if he's looking.
  • Misblamed: Sam and the BSU voice their discontent with the American film industry's treatment of black characters, with Tyler Perry being named in particular as producing offensive movies. But rather than a producer or a writer, they complain to the poor man behind the ticket booth at a local movie theater.
  • Missing Mom: Troy's father plays a large role in the film, but his mother is unmentioned and never seen.
    • In the series he reveals that she left when he was young.
  • Mistaken Nationality: Reggie apparently mistook Sam for Puerto Rican at first.
  • Mixed Ancestry: Sam, whose father is white, though she identifies only as black.
  • N-Word Privileges: Invoked by Troy: "You guys get country clubs. We get to say nigga."
  • Not Now, Kiddo: Troy's father, the Dean, brushes him off when he tries to inform him of the escalating situation on campus.
  • "Not Making This Up" Disclaimer: As noted in the Aluminum Christmas Trees entry, Black Face parties have occurred. Right before the credits roll, a montage shows numerous pictures of real life, white college students donning Black Face as part of their (culturally insensitive) costume.
  • Politically Incorrect Villain: Kurt is a jerkass who frequently and proudly makes racist and homophobic statements.
  • Pretty Fly (For a White Guy): One of the major themes of the movies (if not the major theme) is white people who are obsessed with emulating black stereotypes while having no respect for actual black people.
  • Shout-Out: In the series, Coco attempts to join the black sorority Alpha Delta Rho, which is the same sorority that Whitley joined in A Different World.
  • Straight Gay: Lionel is gay, though none of his mannerisms suggest this.
  • "Take That!" Kiss: Lionel delivers a long and hard one to Kurt on the mouth to humiliate him in front of his friends.
  • "Well Done, Son!" Guy: Troy structures his life around his father's approval. He's still not free of it by the end of the film.
  • You Have No Idea Who You're Dealing With: Kurt tries this on Sam when she kicks his gang out of the house. She says she does know, and it makes no difference.

http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Film/DearWhitePeople