Day for Night, known originally in French as La Nuit Américaine, is a 1973 film by French New Wave director François Truffaut, dealing with the trials and tribulations of making a film named Meet Pamela (Je vous présente Pamela in the original French), about a woman who has an affair with his father-in-law. However, every possible complication manages to appear, putting the film in jeopardy.For the filming technique, see Hollywood Darkness.
The film provides examples of:
Actor Allusion: The in-universe actors apparently have similar careers to the actors who portray them:
When Severine cannot remember her lines, she suggests reciting numbers and dubbing her lines in post-production, as she did when working for Federico Fellini. Valentina Cortese, who plays Severine, was in Fellini's Juliet of the Spirits (and likely really did use this technique, as Fellini recorded his films without sound and had his actors count numbers to simulate the dialogue's mouth movements).
The crew members of Meet Pamela mention liking the film Julie made "with the car chase". Jacqueline Bisset, who plays Julie, also appeared in Bullitt, which includes one of cinema's most iconic car chase sequences.
Actor Existence Failure: In-universe example: Alexandre dies in a car crash before filming the scene in which he is shot by Alphonse. The scene is shot with a stand-in seen only from behind.
Artistic License Film School: Thankfully averted. As Truffaut wrote the screenplay as well as directing and starring in the film, he drew from his experiences working in the film industry to portray the mechanics of how films are made, and the problems that can arise.
Art Shift: Ferrand's dreams of when he was a young boy are in B&W.
Author Appeal: In one scene, Ferrand opens a box fill with books about directors such as Hitchcock, Rossellini, Bergman, Buñuel, Godard, Dreyer, Bresson and Lubitsch.
The Cameo: Writer Graham Greene plays one of the insurance company representatives.
Cue Card: After Severine has had a bit too much to drink before shooting the scene where she confronts Alexandre over his furtive behaviour, her lines are written on cue cards pasted on various surfaces around the set.
Cute Kitten: For the "morning after" scene following Alexandre and Pamela's tryst at the cheap hotel, a particularly cute kitten is intended to walk up to their discarded breakfast tray and lap from a saucer of milk. Unfortunately, the kitten keeps turning tail and running away from the tray, and eventually the studio's own cat is used for the scene.
Deleted Scene: In-universe example. Alexandre's death and the insurance agent's refusal to cover the cost of recasting the role mean that his remaining scenes must be dropped from the shooting schedule, and several sequences which have already been shot but for which his footage has not been filmed are also cut from the finished film.
Hide Your Pregnancy: In a scene where Janelle, the woman who is the secretary of the Father-in-law, gets out of a pool to take a letter for him, the crew discover she's just barely pregnant, and by the time she comes back in six weeks for the main part of her scenes, she will be obviously several months pregnant. They have to figure out a way to cover the issue, but they can't simply have her seen as pregnant as it will complicate the story by making the audience think her boss knocked her up.
Love Triangle: The film within a film, Meet Pamela, tells the tragic story of a love triangle between Alphonse, Pamela, and Alphonse's father.
Man Child: Alphonse's emotional immaturity is a serious problem to all around him. He asks Liliane to marry him, and treats her lack of refusal as agreement. He remains oblivious to the subsequent disintegration of their relationship, and when Liliane runs off with Julie's (male) stunt double, he locks himself in his room and threatens to walk off the film. When Julie spends the night with him in a bid to persuade him to finish the film, he misinterprets both her motives and his feelings for her and calls her husband the next morning to ask him to let her go; the ensuing conversation between Julie and her husband causes her to break down and lock herself in her dressing room.
Alphonse and Julie have a conversation by shouting across at each other from open windows, very similar to a famous shot from Jules Et Jim.
Jean-Pierre Leaud's work in the Antoine Doinel cycle is constantly slyly hinted at. One of the montages has him peeking over and folding a newspaper, a reference to the private detective scenes in Stolen Kisses. Alphonse, Leaud's character, takes another acting job in which his character will fall in love with a Japanese woman, just like in Bed and Board. Add both of these up and throw in a comment about Alphonse's rough childhood and you've got a very, very subtexty connection to The 400 Blows.
Title Drop: Two for one! It's in a scene where Ferrand (who only speaks French) speaks to the stunt double (who only speaks English) through Julie. Ferrand drops the term "Nuit Américaine", which Julie translates into "Day for Night".
Troubled Production: In-universe example. Between a power failure at the processing lab ruining footage of a key scene, Severine's alcoholism, Stacey's previously undisclosed pregnancy, Alphonse's relationship troubles, Julie's delicate emotional state following a nervous breakdown, a tight shooting schedule, and Alexandre dying in a car crash with several key scenes left to film, nothing seems to go as planned for Meet Pamela. Against the odds, filming is completed, but not as originally intended.
Unknown Character: After Alexandre dies, the film has to stop production until they find out how the insurance company will cover the accident. The insurance adjuster shows up and explains they can handle the cost of doing only a few days of re-shooting (not enough to replace the actor altogether). What Truffaut didn't know was that the insurance adjuster (who is uncredited in the film) was the famous author Graham Greene. Greene was delighted to have the chance to actually appear in a film with Truffaut, whose work he admired, but Truffaut was disappointed that he didn't find out until later, he admired Greene's work too.
Written-In Infirmity: In-universe example. One of the actresses failed to mention her pregnancy when signed to the film, and since with time it will become more pronounced, they decide to incorporate it in the movie.